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Newsroom/World View

NEWSROOM for October 16, 2000

Aired October 16, 2000 - 4:30 a.m. ET

THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.

ANNOUNCER: Seen in classrooms the world over, this is CNN NEWSROOM.

TOM HAYNES, CO-HOST: Welcome to Monday's NEWSROOM, everybody. Hope you had a good weekend. I'm Tom Haynes. Here's the rundown.

Topping today's news, talk of peace in the Middle East.

Next, what's killing the crustaceans? The investigation begins in "Environment Desk."

In "Worldview," find out why these hard shells are a big deal on the black market.

Finally, we remember a victim of the suspected bombing of the USS Cole.

We begin with the investigation into the USS Cole explosion. The blast believed to be a terrorist attack killed 17 sailors and wounded 39 others.

Investigators want to know who carried out Thursday's attack on the USS Cole in Yemen's port of Aden. Officials believe the ship was the target of a suicide attack from a small vessel packed with explosives. The blast ripped a 40-foot-by-40-foot hole in the U.S. destroyer.

U.S. security officials say the port of Aden is in a high-threat region. However, 25 ships have refueled there during the past 18 months without incident.

Sunday, 33 sailors injured in the explosion arrived at Norfolk naval station in Virginia. Six sailors remain hospitalized in Germany. The rest of Cole's crew will stay on board until the U.S. destroyer is transported back to Norfolk. U.S. leaders are paying tribute, meantime, to the victims.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

WILLIAM J. CLINTON, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: They were just good American citizens, most of them, if you saw in your local press today, very young, most of them trying to find their way in life by serving their country.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

HAYNES: Now on to our other big story in the Middle East: an emergency summit in Egypt today focussing on the ending of violence between Israelis and Palestinians. President Clinton left for Egypt Sunday night after a briefing with his national security advisers. The White House is downplaying expectations for this summit, saying a truce is more likely than a peace deal.

Andrea Koppel reports.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

ANDREA KOPPEL, CNN STATE DEPARTMENT CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): To understand how all of this began, some say, it's necessary to look at how this ended.

July 25th: Two weeks of intensive peace talks at Camp David conclude without an agreement.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP, JULY 25, 2000)

CLINTON: The prime minister changed -- moved forward more from his initial position than Chairman Arafat on -- particularly surrounding questions of Jerusalem.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

KOPPEL: For the Palestinians, and many in the Arab world, President Clinton's rush to blame Yasser Arafat was viewed as unfair and made him a hero. His aides say Arafat had told Secretary of State Madeleine Albright even before Camp David began, he wasn't ready.

HASAN ABDEL RAHMAN, PALESTINIAN REP. TO U.S.: We needed more time. That's what President Arafat was telling the U.S. and Israel.

KOPPEL: But Israel's prime minister was ready. And so, under pressure from President Clinton, Arafat came to Camp David.

When it ended weeks later, Barak saw his support among the Israeli public evaporate. That, many believe, paved the way for hard- line politician Ariel Sharon's visit to the Temple Mount in the Old City. Before long, another Palestinian uprising had begun.

RAHMAN: Sharon's visit was provocative in more than one way. It was like a military incursion to invade al-Haram al-Sharif and reaffirm, quote-unquote, "Jewish sovereignty" over this noble sanctuary of the Muslim people.

KOPPEL: The Palestinians say they tried to stop the visit, but Barak let it go forward and remains unapologetic.

EHUD BARAK, ISRAELI PRIME MINISTER: I don't think that Ariel Sharon is the reason. He's the excuse -- and a very comfortable one.

KOPPEL: Still others say the genesis of the renewed hostilities can be traced back to the Camp David summit, which while well- intentioned, they say, was premature and too ambitious.

ROBERT PELLATREAU, FMR. U.S. ASST. SECRETARY OF STATE: It got ahead of public opinion in the communities that would have to live with the results of the agreement. And that created a fertile ground, or maybe I should say an open pan of oil into which Mr. Sharon could throw the match.

KOPPEL (on camera): Now the challenge at this next summit in Egypt: to put out the fire.

Andrea Koppel, CNN, the State Department.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

HAYNES: With Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat and Israeli President Ehud Barak coming together in Egypt, questions linger over whether the gulf between the two sides is too wide to overcome.

Bruce Morton now gives us his perspective on the cycle of violence that consumes the Middle East.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

BRUCE MORTON, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): In some ways, all terrorism is alike: bombs, bullets, bodies. The aim of terrorism, Franz Fanon wrote, is to terrify. And events in Israel remind us of that daily.

Irish author Roddy Doyle's latest novel, "A Star Called Henry," follows its hero, Henry Smart, through the Irish troubles of the last century. It tells how the IRA made the British, police, black and tans, whoever it was that year, do their work for them. The IRA, using terrorism, plants a bomb, kills a policeman. And the British response, dead Irishmen, dead children sometimes, in the streets, creates recruits for the IRA, outrages Irish people and brings more of them into the fight for independence. We program them, Henry thinks.

Palestinians could think the same thing these days. Each Arab dead of an Israeli bullet brings more Arabs to the cause, but there is a difference. The British ruled Ireland, but didn't need it. And when the cost of keeping it grew high enough, they left. And the Irish got their country back, except for the Protestant counties in the North.

That won't work for the Arabs. The Israelis do need Israel, can't leave it. It is their home too. Years ago, people could argue for a secular Palestine, not Muslim or Jewish, but open to all, but not now. Israel is a Jewish state, has been for more than half a century. It has Arab citizens, they vote, but it is a Jewish state, religion intertwined with government.

The Arabs want a state, too, and it too would presumably be religious. That is possible only if Israel gives up land in exchange for simply a promise of peace. Many Israelis oppose that, including Ariel Sharon, though it is unfair to blame him for the killing which followed his visit to an historic place. And many Palestinians oppose it because they don't want just Gaza or the West Bank, they want the whole patch, gained by a war which drives the Jews into the sea. And the whole patch, to make things worse, isn't very big, never mind dividing it into two countries.

What does Arafat want? How much control has he, as opposed to the leaders of Hamas or Hezbollah or other groups? Hard to know from here.

But this is a situation with no easy answers, and there are real limits on what even a country as powerful as the United States can do about it.

I'm Bruce Morton.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

HAYNES: In today's "Environment Desk," we take on arthropods. Arthropods are a group of invertebrates with a segmented and body and jointed limbs, such as insects spiders and crustaceans.

Here's some cool facts about arthropods: 75 percent of them are animals species. Biologists estimate the world population of arthropods to be about a billion.

Now, lobsters are arthropods. Although their double antenna sets them apart from other arthropod, they have an exoskeleton like their relatives, insects.

But as Deborah Feyerick tells us, this relation is proving fatal to the lobsters.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

DEBORAH FEYERICK, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Nick Crismale used to lay his lobster traps near the shoreline. Now he says he must travel four to five miles out on the Long Island Sound to catch anything alive.

NICK CRISMALE, LOBSTERMAN: When you're pulling up traps and all the lobsters are dead, I mean, that's a -- something's going on here.

FEYERICK: Crismale and other lobstermen are convinced mosquito pesticides are to blame. They say that massive spraying to wipe out West Nile virus in the region last year coincided with the largest lobster die-off in memory.

BART MANSI, LOBSTERMAN: Not only did they wipe out an industry, they wiped out a way of life.

FEYERICK: Now 1,100 New York and Connecticut lobsterman are suing five major pesticide makers, claiming the companies knew about the potential risks to lobsters and other shellfish and did nothing to warn city and town officials before the spraying.

GLADSTONE JONES, ATTORNEY FOR LOBSTERMAN: Not that it comes as a surprise to the manufactures, the literature is six-feet tall that discusses that lobsters are essentially big bugs that die in the same exact manner and method that the mosquitoes that the pesticides are intended to kill.

FEYERICK: The lobsterman recruited an expert at the Lobster Institute in Maine.

DR. ROBERT BAYER, LOBSTER INSTITUTE: It looks very probable that insecticide, or insecticides, since there were many different ones used, were a part of this -- and a major part of this lobster mortality.

FEYERICK: But linking evidence may prove hard. Other biologists point to last year's lobster autopsies.

GORDON TAYLOR, LIVING MARINE, RESOURCES INSTITUTE: There were not any detectable pesticides in the tissues of those lobsters that had died last year.

FEYERICK: What tissue experts did find was a parasite. Biologists say the paramoeba, combined with unusually warm water, could be factors.

BILL WISE, LIVING MARINE RESOURCES INST.: The presence of this paramoeba in a temperature-stressed lobster population is at least as likely a candidate to have caused these mortalities as the spraying.

FEYERICK: Crabs have also been affected.

The chemical companies contacted by CNN reserved comment, saying they had not received copies of the lawsuit.

Meantime, the lobstermen are still hanging on, trying to make a living.

Deborah Feyerick, CNN, New York.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

ANNOUNCER: Teachers, make the most of CNN NEWSROOM with our free daily classroom guide to the program. There you'll find a rundown of each day's show so you choose just the program segments that fit your lesson plan. Plus, there are discussion questions and activities, and the guide highlights key people, places, and news terms. Each day, find hot links to other online resources and previews of upcoming desk segments. It's all at this Web address, where you can also sign up to have the guide automatically e-mailed directly to you each day. It's easy, it's free, it's your curriculum connection to the news. After all, the news never stops, and neither does learning.

HAYNES: We're going to get more on the Mideast in "Worldview" today, but we're also going to focus on Asia, find out why folks are chuckling in India, and meet the stars of a smuggling attempt. We'll also wax poetic about a new museum in China and meet an artist who does "egg-zactly" what he wants, with the emphasis on egg there. But first, we make a brief stop in the U.S. state of California, where violence in the Middle East has a close-knit group of Jews and Palestinians working together to promote the fact that the two can live in peace.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

DON KNAPP, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): It would seem an unlikely group of friends, these folks who meet to discuss not their differences, but what they as Jews and Palestinians have in common.

HILDE GATTMAN, JEWISH AMERICAN: We know what it's like to be persecuted. I don't want to see other people persecuted.

KNAPP: Hilde Gattman and her husband Eric are German Jews who escaped the Holocaust. Adam Salem and his wife Nahida are Palestinians from Ramallah. The group's dialogues don't always end in agreement. Elias Botto says Israel made him a refugee in his own land.

ELIAS BOTTO, PALESTINIAN AMERICAN: And I say, that house, before 1948, used to be mine in Jerusalem. And I still have the deed for it. An Israeli from Iraq is living in it now. And for the sake of peace I say, why not help me to move and live in the other half.

KNAPP: The Gattmans have children and grandchildren living in Israel but don't always agree with the Israeli government.

ERIC GATTMAN, JEWISH AMERICAN: I believe Israel has made some mistakes and I think Arafat has made some grievous mistakes. I wish he had signed that agreement at Camp David. I also wish that Sharon had stayed off the mountain, where he had no business.

KNAPP: The Jewish-Palestinian living room dialogue group has met in one another's homes about 100 times over the past eight years. They met this time on our behalf.

LEN TRAUBMAN, PALESTINIAN AMERICAN: We hear each other's stories, we begin to see each other as equal and human and we start to want the best for each other. And this seems to be the missing part of the peace process.

KNAPP: They've raised money for schools and hospitals in the Middle East, always with the provision that both Jews and Palestinians contribute to projects that benefit both Middle Eastern Jews and Palestinians. They've even met socially for dinner dancing.

NAHIDA SALEM, PALESTINIAN AMERICAN: I have been told we're spoiled Americans, you know, we shouldn't be doing things like that with the Jews and, you're not getting anything out of it, like I told you.

KNAPP (on camera): Are you?

SALEM: But I keep saying there is hope. There is always hope.

KNAPP (voice-over): And for eight years, the Jewish-Palestinian dialogue group has been keeping hope alive.

Don Knapp, CNN, San Mateo, California.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

HAYNES: When you think of eggs, scrambled, sunny-side-up or over-easy may be the first thing you think of. But in today's report, it's the egg shell we're thinking about. Now, obviously the primary role of the egg is to reproduce. But most eggs laid by domestic fowl are sold for eating. The kind you scramble up for breakfast probably comes from a chicken. But breakfast is the last thing on the mind of an artist in China. He uses his eggs not for eating, but as a means of expression, as we learn in our next report.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

TUNG SUNG, TV CHINA REPORTER (voice-over): Chen Gho-Hue (ph) loved painting when he was very young, but he didn't formally learn painting until he was in his 30s. He went for Chinese painting and most of the subjects are landscape and figures.

Chen began his eggshell painting in coincidence. He noticed an empty eggshell on his desk one night when he was about to finish his painting work. He drew a picture on it and it went red. The next day, he found the eggshell painting small and exquisite and liked it very much. From then on, he came to concentrate on eggshell paintings.

In his five years of eggshell painting life, Chen has a achieved more than 500 works. The types of the shells have changed from chicken eggshells to many others, such as duck eggshells and (UNINTELLIGIBLE) eggshells. He paints on the egg landscapes, figures and all kinds of birds and beasts which look so vivid and lively.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE (through translator): Eggshell painting has two special aspects. One is that you should make eggshell painting according to their own colors and shapes. The other is that many Chinese painting skills are added. For example, I put points, paragraph, painting and the imprint together onto the eggshell.

Chen works in Wohan (ph) No. 2 Hospital. In his spare time, he often makes sketches of himself in front of a mirror. He says this is a way of making improvements.

Chen has travelled to Peking, Shanghai and many other places to extend the idea of painting topics. He says making eggshell painting can entertain himself as well as make new friends.

Chen loves classic culture and he sometimes writes short articles. He hopes that his eggshell painting will add color to the development of traditional culture of China.

Talking about his future plan, Chen says that he's going to make paintings in groups with famous mountains and historical persons in them.

This is Tung Sung (ph) of TV China for CNN "WORLD REPORT."

(END VIDEOTAPE)

RUDI BAKHTIAR, CO-HOST: From eggshells to shelled creatures, we look next at tortoises. A tortoise is a turtle that lives on land. Tortoises generally live in warm regions. They can live a long time, some as long as 150 years.

Our tortoise trek today takes us to India, one of the most populated countries in the world. About 42,000 babies are born each day in India and there are more than 1 billion people there. Because it is so crowded, environmental issues are extremely important, and those concerns spread to the animal population as well.

India's supreme court recently called for strict government measures to protect the country's dwindling population of tigers. The government estimates that there are only about 3,750 tigers remaining in India, although environmentalists say there were probably 40,000 at the start of the last century.

For more on tigers in India, check your NEWSROOM archives for August 7.

Meantime, tortoises are also in trouble. Authorities in India recently intercepted more than 1,400 tortoises during a smuggling attempt. The animals belong to an endangered species.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

UNIDENTIFIED REPORTER (voice-over): When authorities seized these rare tortoises in Berdoin (ph), they knew this was one of many such illegal shipments. The animals had come from Bangalore where the poaching of star tortoises is a growing problem.

In December of last year, police seized about 3,000 of them before they could be taken out of the country. This time, the smugglers where caught only because railway police became suspicious.

A.N. BHATTACHARYA, DIVISIONAL FOREST OFFICER (through translator): The consignment was booked from Bangalore up to Berdoin. Fortunately, one or two tortoises came out of gunny bags. Police then stopped the consignment and informed us.

UNIDENTIFIED REPORTER: From Bangalore, the animals are usually transported to Calcutta before being shipped abroad. There's a big demand for this kind of tortoise with its distinctive star markings. They're desired in the West both as pets and as a food delicacy.

BHATTACHARYA (through translator): It is a rare species and endangered, too. It is listed in Schedule 4 of the Wildlife Act.

UNIDENTIFIED REPORTER: And what that means is that the species is protected under Indian law and trading in them is a criminal offense. But that hasn't discouraged the poachers. And as long as there's a lucrative market abroad for the tortoises, the smuggling is likely to continue. (END VIDEOTAPE)

HAYNES: More from India now as we turn from serious issues to laughing matters. The country was the site of an unusual convention recently. The focus -- yes, you guessed it -- laughter. Participants say laughter exercises based on Yoga have health benefits. They also claim the therapy helps reduce blood pressure. Laughter clubs are forming all over India now. Their message: laugh away your troubles.

BAKHTIAR: Our next story begins with a trip around the world, as we explore the history of a famous and unusual museum: Madame Tussaud's Wax Museum. The original Madame Tussaud's museum was founded in London, England by French-born Maria Grosholtz Tussaud. Tussaud spent her early life first in Berne, Switzerland, then in Paris, France, where she picked up the art of wax modeling from her uncle.

From 1780 to 1789 when the French Revolution broke out, she served as art tutor to the royal family. She was then imprisoned as a royalist. After a failed marriage, she took her two sons and her collection of wax models to England in 1802. There, she travelled through the British Isles for 33 years before finally settling in London where her wax museum was established. And that was just the beginning.

Now, Mike Chinoy takes us to Hong Kong where the legacy of Madame Tussaud lives on.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

MIKE CHINOY, CNN HONG KONG BUREAU CHIEF (voice-over): It's the closest many people here will come to the rich, the powerful and the famous. The first Madame Tussaud's Wax Museum in Asia just opened in Hong Kong, already attracting big crowds.

"I feel like I'm having my picture taken with a real star," she says. "I'll definitely come back."

MICHAEL JOLLY, MADAME TUSSAUD'S: When you look at the population of not only residents, but also the number of tourists that come to Hong Kong, Hong Kong is a real gateway to Asia.

CHINOY: Most of the familiar features from the original Madame Tussaud's in London are here: historic and current British royal families, with a separate spot for Princess Diana. There's a chamber of horrors. There are rock stars: Madonna, Elvis; movie stars from Pierce Brosnan from James Bond to Hong Kong's own kung fu legend, Bruce Lee; and a host of present and past political figures, Bill Clinton, Saddam Hussein, Mikhail Gorbachev, Benazir Bhutto; Britain's Queen Victoria, India's Mahatma Gandhi.

(on camera): Of course, there are inevitably some omissions. And in this part of the world, they have to do mainly with politics.

(voice-over): While China's late leader Deng Xiaoping occupies a prominent spot, as does current president Jiang Zemin, there's no sign of Britain's last colonial governor here, Chris Patten. And the biography of Hollywood heart-throb Brad Pitt makes no mention of his film "Seven Years in Tibet," which Beijing denounced.

JOLLY: We have to be sensitive, of course. We are not in the business of trying to offend or upset anybody.

CHINOY: And there's one other notable absence: Hong Kong's current chief executive, Tung Chee Hwa. He was asked, but unlike his boss, President Jiang Zemin, Tung said he was simply too busy to pose.

Mike Chinoy, CNN, Hong Kong.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Coming up tomorrow, we'll bring a series titled, "Still Coming to America," a look at what's being called the largest sustained wave of immigration into the U.S. in history. For more than a decade now, about 1 million people have been entering the country each year, forever changing its look and culture. For some, this demographic shift is a cause for concern; for others, a cause for celebration.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We're a nation of immigrants. We've always been reconstructing ourself, and we have been refashioning ourselves, and that's our strength.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Yes, immigration has played an important and historic role in our country's history. But has immigration been at today's level for 400 years since the founding of Jamestown? Of course not.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

HAYNES: To serve a nation: Sometimes it calls for laying everything on the line. Unfortunately, news the last few days has been about some people who made the ultimate sacrifice while aboard the USS Cole while docked in Yemen refueling. Seventeen sailors died and many others were injured after a blast thought but not confirmed to be the work of terrorists.

Jim Hill has the story of one of the victims.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

JIM HILL, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): The explosion which left a jagged wound in the side of the USS Cole echoed sadly throughout San Diego, California. One of the city's own, seaman recruit Lakiba Nicole Palmer, was among the U.S. sailors killed in the blast. Only four years ago, Palmer had been a popular track star at San Diego High School.

PAUL LOCHER, TRACK COACH: She was always a very upbeat person, willing to work hard, very coachable, very pleasant to be around, and was a hard worker. HILL: The determined young sprinter reached the state track and field finals before graduating in 1996, setting her sights on a career in the armed forces.

(on camera): San Diego is a military town, headquarters to the U.S. Navy's 3rd Fleet and boasting the largest fleet concentration of U.S. Navy and Marine personnel in the world.

(voice-over): Palmer's teachers and coaches say it was no surprise that she chose the U.S. Navy.

SHIRLEY DAVIS, FMR. ASSISTANT TRACK COACH: She was where she wanted to be in life, which a lot of us can't say. And she could say that she accomplished what she wanted to in her short time.

HILL: San Diego High is the oldest school in this city. Two memorials list the names of graduates killed serving their country. No one dreamed their young track star would one day be among them.

ANNIE KING, COACH: Just a shame, very sad; very sad because she worked so hard to get where she was and now she's gone.

HILL: Palmer, who was 22, had joined the Navy three years ago this month.

Jim Hill, CNN, San Diego, California.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

HAYNES: And that is CNN NEWSROOM for Monday. Thanks for joining us. We'll see you back here tomorrow.

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