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Newsroom/World View

NEWSROOM for January 30, 2001

Aired January 30, 2001 - 4:30 a.m. ET

THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.

ANNOUNCER: Seen in classrooms the world over, this is CNN NEWSROOM.

TOM HAYNES, CO-HOST: Hello and welcome to CNN NEWSROOM, everyone. I'm Tom Haynes. Glad you're with us today. Let's get started with a look at the rundown.

Topping the news agenda, the continuing relief efforts in India.

Moving onto "Health Desk," we look at a little guy causing a big problem.

We're going to dine out in "Worldview." We'll visit a German eatery serving a peculiar local favorite.

"Chronicle" finds us back in the United States as we focus on the politics of faith.

But we begin in western India where rescue crews are moving forth with their desperate search for life. Thousands of people were killed in Friday's magnitude 7.9 earthquake, with the state of Gujarat being worst hit.

Hope of finding survivors is fading, but not entirely gone. Emergency crews in western India dug through mounds of debris Monday frantically searching for signs of life. Several rescues have been made, including this 4-year-old girl who was pulled from the rubble of a collapsed building Monday after rescuers heard her calling for her father.

Mostly what rescue workers are finding, however, grief. More than 100 aftershocks have hit western India since Friday's earthquake. Village after village is in ruins. More than 20,000 people are feared dead. If confirmed, that would outnumber the 17,800 people killed in a massive earthquake in Turkey in 1999.

Makeshift medical centers have been set up in western India, but many of the injured still are waiting to get care. Residents in the most devastated regions have been left with nothing. They're in dire need of shelter, food and water.

The Indian government is turning to other nations for help with rescue efforts. Indian Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee is asking for $1 1/2 billion in aid and loans to begin reconstruction. And as Kasra Naji explains, help can't come soon enough.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

KASRA NAJI, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): At the main railway station here, special trains have been laid on to take worried relatives to Gujarat. Many here have not heard from their loved ones since the quake struck on Friday. Some are fearing the worst. Communication lines have been down and just beginning to be restored to some areas.

At the New Delhi International Airport, search and rescue teams are arriving on international flights from more than a dozen countries, bringing with them sniffer dogs and special equipment. This team from Hungary, getting visas and commissioned held them up for two days.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE (through translator): The team was already ready to arrive in India on Saturday. So it took some time by -- there was a readiness to receive the issued visas in Budapest.

NAJI: The government is taking note.

BHASKAR NARUA, GOVERNMENT SPOKESMAN: The instructions have been given that Ahmedabad, on landing, shall be given visa immediately for 15 days. There shall be no problem at all.

NAJI: At the headquarters of the Indian Red Cross, these trucks loaded with blankets and other essentials have been waiting for more than 24 hours for clearance form the authorities. Shipments of supplies have been slow, too, at least from New Delhi. This transport plane is taking one of the few shipments from here to the region, the kerosene and water containers too few to make a big difference.

From the region, reports speak of many survivors not getting basic assistance, such as food, water and medicine.

ARUN JAITLEY, SENIOR FEDERAL MINISTER: Shortages would be there because modes of carrying them, whether it is road or it's air, also became nonfunctional because of the earthquake, so -- and the result of which you have to put those infrastructures back into place and then transport them.

NAJI: Relief has yet to reach a number of other towns and villages in the region which are still cut off from the rest of the country.

(on camera): The government is clearly overwhelmed by the extent of this calamity. The prime minister has called on all Indians to give generously to a special relief fund. The government clearly needs all the help it can get, both from inside India and from abroad.

Kasra Naji, CNN, New Delhi.

(END VIDEOTAPE) HAYNES: Other news today, big restructuring plans ahead for DaimlerChrysler. The company which was created in a merger between the United States' Chrysler and Germany DaimlerBenz announced Monday it will eliminate 26,000 jobs over the next three years. The bulk of those cuts will come this year.

Fred Katayama looks at the move and the reaction from the company's employees and biggest investors.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

FRED KATAYAMA, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): DaimlerChrysler is slashing one out of every five jobs, nearly 26,000 jobs at its Chrysler unit in all, over the next three years; 19,000 will come from the hourly ranks; 6,800 from salaried workers. Chrysler will reduce them through layoffs, attrition and, to a large extent, retirement.

DIETER ZETSCHE, PRESIDENT & CEO, CHRYSLER GROUP: The markets out there is deteriorating and our company's performance even more so. The markets are shrinking, competition is brutal, the North American manufacturers are under pressure from imports, and an incentive war is on.

KATAYAMA: Chrysler is cutting back output at plants in Illinois, Michigan, Ohio, Delaware, and Canada, and it's closing six plants. All but one are outside the United States.

Analysts were surprised by the size of the cuts, but they questioned the quality of the restructuring since the majority of cuts will come from outside the U.S., where labor is cheaper.

DAVID GARRITY, DRESDNER KLEINWORT WASSERSTEIN: What we've seen in Mexico strikes us as being a disproportionate reduction in the amount of manufacturing capacity coming out of that low-cost market, and that, on a relative basis, what remains is in the disproportionately higher-cost U.S. region.

KATAYAMA (on camera): Dealers are also being squeezed. A representative for 4,000 Jeep dealers said he's disappointed by Chrysler's move to cut dealer incentives on new models.

(voice-over): The United Auto Workers union, whose members will not bear the brunt of DaimlerChrysler's latest cuts, would not comment today.

Last month, CNN Financial News visited Ohio, where a Jeep plant had been shut down four months after Mike Holmzer had landed a job there.

MIKE HOLMZER, AUTO WORKER: I felt like I won the lottery. I felt like myself and my family had a good future ahead of us.

KATAYAMA: He has since been temporarily laid off. Analysts estimate that closing factories and cutting people like Mike could result in a charge of $3 billion to $8 billion.

Fred Katayama, CNN Financial News, New York.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

HAYNES: In "Health Desk" today, we tackle a major problem in schools around the United States. The problem is Pediculus humanus, A.K.A. lice. Head lice are parasites, an organism that grows, feeds and is sheltered on or in a different organism while contributing nothing to the survival of its hosts.

One problem with lice is that they're becoming resistant to chemicals, making treatment extremely difficult.

Here's pat Etheridge with more.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

PAT ETHERIDGE, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): It's a problem that had Alva Ludwig and her 7-year-old son scratching their heads, quite literally, for months.

ALVA LUDWIG, MOTHER: I went through about $300 worth of prescription and over-the-counter products. We tried several different types of combs, we picked -- spent hours picking the nits out of his hair.

ETHERIDGE: The frustration led them to Lice Source Services in Plantation, Florida. Founded by a former school nurse, they are open 14 hours a day, seven days a weeks, doing a booming business in nit- picking.

LIDIA SERRANO, LICE SOURCE SERVICES: It's very time-consuming, and some people don't know what it looks like and so we show them how and exactly how to do it. And a week later, the problem is resolved.

ETHERIDGE (on camera): Lice are becoming a major problem in schools across the country. An estimated 10 to 12 million people are infected every year, mostly kids between the ages of 3 and 12.

(voice-over): They commonly spread from head to head contact or through contaminated clothing or belongings. Rich or poor, in big cities and small, lice are equal-opportunity parasites.

DR. RANDALL BARFIELD, PEDIATRICIAN: For the parent to be told by the teacher or the school nurse that their children have bugs in their hair is a very disturbing thing. It's very important to realize that these are insects that are not dangerous for the child. They don't carry any disease. They're a bother, but they're not really dangerous.

ETHERIDGE: It used to be that a rinse with a special shampoo would eliminate the problem. But over the years, lice have become resistant to the chemicals, making the manual removal of every single egg or nit the only way to ensure the bugs are gone.

BARFIELD: The way to screen, the way to look for the head lice, is to do it in a good light, and to look at the bottom of the neck, the back of the neck, or around the ears. And you're looking for either the insect, which is a sesame seed-sized insect, or you're looking for the nits. These nits are -- look like dandruff that you can't scrape off with your fingernail.

ETHERIDGE: The Centers for Disease Control offers this advice for treating head lice. First, treat the infested person with an over-the-counter or a prescription medication. Use a nit comb to remove the nits and lice from the hair shaft. And check the hair with a nit comb every two to three days for two to three weeks until you are sure all the lice and nits are gone.

And these words of warning. The medicines used to treat lice are pesticides and should be used only according to instructions. Do not treat the infested person more than three times with the same medication if it does not seem to work. And do not mix head lice drugs.

In the near future, researchers hope to have a shampoo that makes nits glow in the dark, making them easier to spot. But for now, the best weapon in the war on lice is to keep kids from sharing hats and combs and give them regular head checks.

Pat Etheridge, CNN, Atlanta.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

HAYNES: A wide range of topics from around the globe in "Worldview" today. We'll look at the state of the world's children. Conditions may shock and surprise you. We'll journey to Germany to get a taste of a hot food trend. We'll find out why worst is actually the best. Plus, we'll go to a cold country in the grip of winter.

KATHY NELLIS, CNN CORRESPONDENT: "Worldview" heads to the world's largest country, Russia. Russia covers twice the territory of Canada, the next largest country. It has an area of over 6 1/2 million square miles, 17 million square kilometers. In fact, Russia is so big that if you were to take a care ride between Moscow in the West and Vladivostok in the East, it would take you seven days and you'd pass through eight time zones.

But when it comes to population, even though it's the biggest country, Russia ranks sixth in the world. Most of the population is concentrated in a triangular region in the western part of the country. Climate could be a factor, since snow covers more than half of Russia for six months out of the year.

Jill Dougherty has more on Russia's snowy situation.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

JILL DOUGHERTY, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Winter in Moscow. Time to knock the ice off the roof. Better cover the cars, just in case.

Russia wouldn't be Russia without snow and the cold. Weather that would shut down most cities doesn't seem to faze Russians. They put on their "shubas," fur coats, and "shapkas," fur hats, and sometimes their "valenki," traditional felt boots, and go off to face the elements.

(on camera): Russians are proud of their winters. After all, it's one of the things that helped them defeat Napoleon. But the Russian winter also takes its toll on the people who live here.

(voice-over): In Russia's far East, tens of thousands of people are living without heat. There's not enough fuel, and heating pipes have frozen. Boys are hauling firewood just like their grandparents did. But where there's heat, winter has its pleasures, like one of Moscow's outdoor swimming pools, the "Seagull" -- as long as you stay under water.

Jill Dougherty, CNN, Moscow.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

HAYNES: Our travels take us to Germany now, a country rich in history and culture. Our focus today is on German food. Germany is a country known for serving up hardy meals, traditionally sauerkraut and sausage. But walk through Germany's capital Berlin these days and you may find some traditional German restaurants getting crowded out by international cuisine.

Chris Burns reports on how one local is surviving the culinary competition.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

CHRIS BURNS, CNN BERLIN BUREAU CHIEF (voice-over): It's a sign that Germany's capital is slowly but subtly losing its cozy, Cold War provincialness.

In this neighborhood in former East Berlin, traditional German restaurants are giving way to ethnic eateries. One on street, traditional Tanduri, Turkish Kebobs, and a sushi hole in the wall. Making its last stand is the lone German Gastaette, with its traditional fare of sausage, roast pork and sauerkraut.

Around the block is another more successful survivor called Konopke, one of Berlin's most famous stands serving what's known as curryworst. They can't serve it fast enough during the lunch hour to hard-core Berliners and tourists alike.

One adopted Berliner, Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder, is a big fan of curryworst, among other sausage dishes. So much so, his wife persuaded him to cut back, aides say.

So what's the secret to its success?

(on camera): It's a simple recipe: sausage dressed up with a ketchup-based sauce and sprinkled with curry powder, a spicy combination that competes with the exotic imports.

(voice-over): During the Cold War, West Berliners like Hagen Liebing, a music critic, would make their way to the other side to the Berlin Wall to get to Konopke. Now, Liebing fears, the Berlin tradition is getting crowded out.

HAGEN LIEBING, MUSIC CRITIC: In the '60s, it was the only fast foot. But then with new people coming to Germany, like Italians, we had pizza at the end of the '60s, then we got something like shoshlig (ph) and we got hamburgers, of course. And so there's not much place anymore for the curryworst. It's kind of exotic, even for the Berliners.

BURNS: Not much here for a vegetarian, but the 70-year-old family operation says it doesn't feel the need to diversify its menu.

WALTRAUT ZIERVOGEL, OWNER, KONOPKECHIEF (through translator): Curryworst is the item in high demand. It's No. 1 and everything else is behind it.

BURNS: In a nation reputed to have 300 kinds of sausage, curryworst will likely keep its place in a rapidly evolving Berlin no matter how cosmopolitan the capital becomes.

Chris Burns, CNN, Berlin.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

NELLIS: Do you ever wonder about other kids around the world? How do they live? What do they eat? And what do they do for fun? From time to time, we bring you stories of young people from around the globe.

Today, a grim look at the state of the world's children. According to UNICEF, the United Nations Childrens Fund, the year 2000 saw the birth of some 129 million children. But it also saw the death of nearly 11 million under the age of 5. Most of these deaths, say UNICEF, were preventable. It's not a cheerful report, nor one the world's adults can be proud of.

Richard Blystone looks back at how the past year treated the world's children. Some of the images are disturbing.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

RICHARD BLYSTONE, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): The infant millennium began with fireworks and high hopes. But for tens of millions of those who lives will be linked to this new century it was not a promising start.

ANITA TIESSEN, UNICEF: It is a real shock when you see the things that happen to kids, and you realize that very, very simple things like going to school, having clean water, making sure you're not getting simple diseases and dying of them.

A lot of kids around the world don't expect that they're going to do that.

BLYSTONE: This is only a sampling from the year 2000's calendar of disasters for children. Two dozen conflicts over the past year killed, maimed and terrified children as well as combatants: in Chechnya, in Colombia, in the West Bank, where small stone throwers manned Palestinian frontlines against Israeli forces and suffered more than their share of the nearly 400 dead.

An estimated 300,000 children were combatants during the year, according to UNICEF, swept, often forcibly, into armies and militias; sometimes, as here in Sierra Leone, to commit atrocities.

Children in uniform -- in Colombia, in Kosovo -- aspiring to be like the grown-ups; in Sudan, where the civil war is older than some of the soldiers.

Around 20 million children were displaced by conflict over the past year. And as war refugees of the most vulnerable to famine, they contributed heavily to the roll call of starvation.

Land mines and dud bombs killed or maimed another 6,000 of the young, some from wars long past, like Vietnam.

Natural disasters took their customary toll, and the floods in Mozambique drew worldwide attention when British forces rescued a marooned mother and a baby born in a tree.

That highlighted a problem in a world where donors seemed to care less and less about other countries.

TIESSEN: It is a lot harder to get people's attention, and that attention tends to come in really, really dramatic moments.

BLYSTONE: This dramatic moment raised a lot of money for aid agencies. But the floods also set back ordinary less dramatic development programs by months or years.

Silently, the scourge of AIDS moved across Africa and an estimated 10 million children lost their mothers or both parents.

As 2001 begins, nearly one-third of young children in Angola won't reach the age of 5.

In Afghanistan, UNICEF says, only one boy in ten has access to primary education, and almost no girls.

Eighty thousand Kenyan children are in immediate danger of starvation. These young drought victims get one meal a day, at school.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: When I come to school, I'm so hungry, and there's -- I'm having a pain in my stomach.

BLYSTONE: Growing up is always hard, but in the year 2000 it's been harder in some places than others.

Richard Blystone, CNN, London.

(END VIDEOTAPE) HAYNES: In "Chronicle," religion and politics. President Bush signed an executive order Monday paving the way for religious groups which do charitable work to get federal funds. He rejected criticism that his efforts may blur the line separating church and state.

The president and his family, meanwhile, are searching for a church to attend in Washington. Several churches already have invited the first family to pay a visit.

Bruce Morton has some thoughts on where presidents, both past and present, worship.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

BRUCE MORTON, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Avowed atheists don't run for president. Those who run and win are, to some degree, publicly religious. The first President Bush is Episcopalian. He went often to St. John's, across Lafayette Park from the White House. Bill Clinton is a Southern Baptist, but went most often to the Foundry United Methodist Church here. He campaigned in churches across the country.

This was a Newark, New Jersey stop in 1996.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

WILLIAM J. CLINTON, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: I believe that all of us will do better when each of us has a chance to live up to our god-given capacity.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

MORTON: All Protestants: Jimmy Carter a Baptist; Lyndon Johnson, the Disciples of Christ Church; Richard Nixon brought up in a Quaker family. Later an evangelical, he held services in the White House; Ronald Reagan, an icon of the Christian right, who seldom went to church. All Protestants save John Kennedy, and his Roman Catholicism was an issue when he ran in 1960.

ROBERT DALLEK, HISTORIAN: John Kennedy was, of course, under the gun because he was the first Catholic to win the presidency. He was under tremendous pressure during the campaign to vow that he would not violate the separation of church and state.

MORTON: And George W. Bush? A Methodist. He went to this Methodist church near the U.S. Capitol this past weekend, but hasn't picked a home church here yet. A religious man? Remember this, from a primary season debate?

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

QUESTION: Governor Bush, a philosopher/thinker and why?

GOV. GEORGE W. BUSH (R-TX), PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: Christ, because he changed my heart.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

DALLEK: I think he's more identified with his religious affiliation and commitment to his faith than some other presidents have been. Certainly, I think, than Bill Clinton, certainly than Ronald Reagan.

MORTON: We can't know what's in their hearts, of course. Presidents go to church for political reasons and because they believe. A mixture, like so much else in politics.

(on camera): We can only judge their deeds. Lyndon Johnson fight poverty and discrimination. Was that because of his faith or personal glory or in reaction to the poverty and discrimination with which he grew up with? Reporters raise those questions. Years later, historians try to answer them.

Bruce Morton, CNN, Washington.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

HAYNES: Well, from faithful politicians to which politicians we put our faith in. During election season, politicians go to great lengths to get their message out. And that means a daily bombardment of those TV campaign ads -- tons of them. Some are funny. Others you could probably live without. Now the most memorable are taking the prize at the annual Pollie Awards.

Bill Schneider shares them with us.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

WILLIAM SCHNEIDER, CNN SENIOR POLITICAL ANALYST (voice-over): Actors dream of Oscars. Musicians dream of Grammys. What do political consultants fantasize about? Pollies, The awards for the most effective and creative political ads. We're here in Washington, amidst the glitz and glamour of the American Association of Political Consultants, to see who gets the big prizes. Ladies and gentlemen, the Pollies go to:

This ad, for an initiative campaign in San Francisco to put more cabs on the street. The ad features the king of San Francisco and a queen.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: You just can't get a cab in San Francisco.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

SCHNEIDER: One Pollie-winning environmental ad was musical.

Another winner had no spoken words at all.

Viewers don't like negative ads. So how do you keep their attention? Visually.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Do you recognize this man? This should put it in focus. He was sued by a contractor for nonpayment. He was sued by his landlord for nonpayment. He was sued by an employee for nonpayment. Then another. Now you have a clear picture of Ron Klink.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

SCHNEIDER: The assembled pros included a former White House counselor who came up with the Hillary for Senate idea. And a former presidential candidate. Shopping for talent, maybe? Here's some: Karl Rove.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Campaign Manager of the Year.

SCHNEIDER: Masterminded the Bush campaign, took the award for Campaign Manager of the Year. The best presidential campaign ad? Not a surprise. It went to the candidate with the best story.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: He was a young navy pilot who volunteered for duty in Vietnam and was shot down over Hanoi. Lieutenant Commander John McCain dragged off by an angry mob. When found to be a son and grandson of admirals, was offered early release. He refused. McCain's commitment to country and fellow prisoners brought him repeated beatings and 5 1/2 years in prison.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP, MCCAIN CAMPAIGN AD)

SEN. JOHN MCCAIN (R), ARIZONA: I swear to you that from my first day in office to the last breath I draw, I will do everything in my power to make you proud of your government.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

SCHNEIDER: You know what makes political advertising tough? The consumers are cynical. They're predisposed to believe the worst about the product. The best ads are the ones that break through that wall of cynicism and make voters believe this candidate is different. Figure out how to do that and you've earned yourself a Pollie.

Bill Schneider, CNN, Washington.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

HAYNES: Politics, American-style.

That's CNN NEWSROOM for Tuesday. Thanks for joining us. We'll see you back here tomorrow. Take care.

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