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President Bush Declares Combat Phase of War in Iraq Over

Aired May 1, 2003 - 21:00   ET


AARON BROWN, CNN ANCHOR: Good evening again everyone.
The president speaks in just exactly a minute from now aboard the USS Abraham Lincoln. As you can see sailors rather have lined the decks, the flight decks of the giant aircraft carrier. Five thousands sailors on board, plus much of the president national security teams. The president landed on a plane on the aircraft carrier not by helicopter. The first sitting president to do such thing. It is in a way the ultimate photo opportunity, certainly something that will be seen again and again in political commercials next year.

But this is not simply about politics tonight. The president will declare combat has come to an end. Though, he will not say legally the war has come to an end. That it's a complicated legal question that requires much from the U.S. Government once it formally ends the war, and the president isn't prepared to do that. The president will thank the soldiers, sailors and Marines who fought in the war and talk about the war on terrorism as well. The president begins speaking shortly from the USS Abraham Lincoln.

ANNOUNCER: Ladies and Gentlemen, the president of the United States.



GEORGE W. BUSH, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: Thank you. Thank you all very much.

Admiral Kelly, Captain Card (ph), officers and sailors of the USS Abraham Lincoln, my fellow Americans, major combat operations in Iraq have ended. In the battle of Iraq, the United States and our allies have prevailed.


BUSH: And now our coalition is engaged in securing and reconstructing that country.

In this battle, we have fought for the cause of liberty and for the peace of the world. Our nation and our coalition are proud of this accomplishment, yet it is you, the members of the United States military, who achieved it. Your courage, your willingness to face danger for your country and for each other made this day possible. Because of you our nation is more secure. Because of you the tyrant has fallen and Iraq is free.


BUSH: Operation Iraqi Freedom was carried out with a combination of precision and speed and boldness the enemy did not expect and the world had not seen before.

From distant bases or ships at sea, we sent planes and missiles that could destroy an enemy division or strike a single bunker. Marines and soldiers charged to Baghdad across 350 miles of hostile ground in one of the swiftest advances of heavy arms in history.

You have shown the world the skill and the might of the American armed forces.

This nation thanks all of the members of our coalition who joined in a noble cause. We thank the armed forces of the United Kingdom, Australia and Poland who shared in the hardships of war. We thank all of the citizens of Iraq who welcomed our troops and joined in the liberation of their own country.

And tonight, I have a special word for Secretary Rumsfeld, for General Franks and for all the men and women who wear the uniform of the United States: America is grateful for a job well done.


BUSH: The character of our military through history, the daring of Normandy, the fierce courage of Iwo Jima, the decency and idealism that turned enemies into allies is fully present in this generation.

When Iraqi civilians looked into the faces of our service men and women, they saw strength and kindness and good will. When I look at the members of the United States military, I see the best of our country and I am honored to be your commander in chief.


BUSH: In the images of fallen statues we have witnessed the arrival of a new era. For a hundred of years of war, culminating in the nuclear age, military technology was designed and deployed to inflict casualties on an ever-growing scale.

In defeating Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan, Allied forces destroyed entire cities, while enemy leaders who started the conflict were safe until the final days. Military power was used to end a regime by breaking a nation.

Today we have the greater power to free a nation by breaking a dangerous and aggressive regime.

With new tactics and precision weapons, we can achieve military objectives without directing violence against civilians. No device of man can remove the tragedy from war, yet it is a great advance when the guilty have far more to fear from war than the innocent.


BUSH: In the images of celebrating Iraqis we have also seen the ageless appeal of human freedom. Decades of lies and intimidation could not make the Iraqi people love their oppressors or desire their own enslavement.

Men and women in every culture need liberty like they need food and water and air. Everywhere that freedom arrives, humanity rejoices and everywhere that freedom stirs, let tyrants fear.


BUSH: We have difficult work to do in Iraq. We're bringing order to parts of that country that remain dangerous. We're pursuing and finding leaders of the old regime who will be held to account for their crimes. We've begun the search for hidden chemical and biological weapons, and already know of hundreds of sites that will be investigated.

We are helping to rebuild Iraq where the dictator built palaces for himself instead of hospitals and schools.

And we will stand with the new leaders of Iraq as they establish a government of, by and for the Iraqi people.


BUSH: The transition from dictatorship to democracy will take time, but it is worth every effort. Our coalition will stay until our work is done and then we will leave and we will leave behind a free Iraq.


BUSH: The battle of Iraq is one victory in a war on terror that began on September the 11th, 2001 and still goes on.

That terrible morning, 19 evil men, the shock troops of a hateful ideology, gave America and the civilized world a glimpse of their ambitions. They imagined, in the words of one terrorist, that September the 11th would be the beginning of the end of America.

By seeking to turn our cities into killing fields, terrorists and their allies believed that they could destroy this nation's resolve and force our retreat from the world.

They have failed.


BUSH: In the battle of Afghanistan, we destroyed the Taliban, many terrorists and the camps where they trained. We continue to help the Afghan people lay roads, restore hospitals and educate all of their children.

Yet we also have dangerous work to complete. As I speak, a special operations task force lead by the 82nd Airborne is on the trail of the terrorists and those who seek to undermine the free government of Afghanistan.

America and our coalition will finish what we have begun.


BUSH: From Pakistan to the Philippines to the Horn of Africa, we are hunting down Al Qaida killers.

Nineteen months ago I pledged that the terrorists would not escape the patient justice of the United States. And as of tonight nearly one half of Al Qaida's senior operatives have been captured or killed.


BUSH: The liberation of Iraq is a crucial advance in the campaign against terror. We have removed an ally of Al Qaida and cut off a source of terrorist funding.

And this much is certain: No terrorist network will gain weapons of mass destruction from the Iraqi regime, because the regime is no more.


BUSH: In these 19 months that changed the world, our actions have been focused and deliberate and proportionate to the offense. We have not forgotten the victims of September the 11th, the last phone calls, the cold murder of children, the searches in the rubble. With those attacks, the terrorists and their supporters declared war on the United States, and war is what they got.


BUSH: Our war against terror is proceeding according to the principles that I have made clear to all.

Any person involved in committing or planning terrorist attacks against the American people becomes an enemy of this country and a target of American justice.


BUSH: Any person, organization or government that supports, protects or harbors terrorists is complicit in the murder of the innocent and equally guilty of terrorist crimes. Any outlaw regime that has ties to terrorist groups and seeks or possesses weapons of mass destruction is a grave danger to the civilized world and will be confronted. (APPLAUSE)

BUSH: And anyone in the world, including the Arab world, who works and sacrifices for freedom has a loyal friend in the United States of America.


BUSH: Our commitment to liberty is America's tradition, declared at our founding, affirmed in Franklin Roosevelt's Four Freedoms, asserted in the Truman Doctrine and in Ronald Reagan's challenge to an evil empire.

We are committed to freedom in Afghanistan, Iraq and in a peaceful Palestine.

The advance of freedom is the surest strategy to undermine the appeal of terror in the world. Where freedom takes hold, hatred gives way to hope.

When freedom takes hold, men and women turn to the peaceful pursuit of a better life.

American values and American interests lead in the same direction. We stand for human liberty.


BUSH: The United States upholds these principles of security and freedom in many ways: with all of the tools of diplomacy, law enforcement, intelligence and finance.

We are working with a broad coalition of nations that understand the threat and our shared responsibility to meet it.

The use of force has been and remains our last resort. Yet all can know, friend and foe alike, that our nation has a mission: We will answer threats to our security, and we will defend the peace.


BUSH: Our mission continues. Al Qaida is wounded, not destroyed. The scattered cells of the terrorist network still operate in many nations and we know from daily intelligence that they continue to plot against free people. The proliferation of deadly weapons remains a serious danger.

The enemies of freedom are not idle, and neither are we. Our government has taken unprecedented measures to defend the homeland and we will continue to hunt down the enemy before he can strike.


BUSH: The war on terror is not over, yet it is not endless. We do not know the day of final victory, but we have seen the turning of the tide. No act of the terrorists will change our purpose, or weaken our resolve, or alter their fate. Their cause is lost; free nations will press on to victory.


BUSH: Other nations in history have fought in foreign lands and remained to occupy and exploit. Americans, following a battle, want nothing more than to return home. And that is your direction tonight.


BUSH: After service in the Afghan and Iraqi theaters of war, after 100,000 miles on the longest carrier deployment in recent history, you are homeward bound.


BUSH: Some of you will see new family members for the first time; 150 babies were born while their fathers were on the Lincoln. Your families are proud of you, and your nation will welcome you.


BUSH: We are mindful as well that some good men and women are not making the journey home. One of those who fell, Corporal Jason Mileo, spoke to his parents five days before his death. Jason's father said, "He called us from the center of Baghdad, not to brag but to tell us he loved us. Our son was a soldier."

Every name, every life is a loss to our military, to our nation and to the loved ones who grieve. There is no homecoming for these families. Yet we pray in God's time their reunion will come.

Those we lost were last seen on duty.

Their final act on this Earth was to fight a great evil and bring liberty to others.

All of you, all in this generation of our military, have taken up the highest calling of history: You were defending your country and protecting the innocent from harm.

And wherever you go, you carry a message of hope, a message that is ancient and ever new. In the words of the prophet Isaiah, "To the captives, come out; and to those in darkness, be free."

Thank you for serving our country and our cause.

May God bless you all. And may God continue to bless America.


BROWN: President George W. Bush aboard the aircraft carrier USS Abraham Lincoln, about 80 miles of the coast and heading home in what was the biggest applause of the 25 minute speech. The president said he had difficult work to do in Iraq. We are bringing order to parts of that country that remain dangerous. A coalition will stay until the work is done, and then we will leave a free Iraq. The president tried to call very directly to the attacks on the country of September 11 of 2001.

Our senior White House correspondent John King, is with us at the White House. John, the president referred twice in his speech to weapons of mass destruction.

How sensitive is the White house To the fact that none has been found yet?

JOHN KING, CNN SENIOR WHITE HOUSE CORRESPONDENT: Well, quite sensitive. And you heard the president say he's confident they will be found, that hundreds of sites are being looked at. That's one reason I was surprised to see that banner, mission accomplished. The White House understands how closely from a political standpoint, one could make the case, that that mission has not been done.

The weapons of mass destruction have not been located. The central reason why the president went to war has not been proven, if you will. The Mr. Bush, though, deciding he need to give this speech. You heard the cheers when he said, you're heading home. One of the challenges for the president, to convince the American people as these thousands come home, 10s of thousands may stay behind for two, three, four years. I'll tell you, Aaron, what struck me most, though, if you think about the moment, Secretary of State Colin Powell is about to go to Damascus.

The president is saying Syria is supporting terrorism in the Palestinian territories against Israel and elsewhere. Standing on the deck of an aircraft carrier, any outlaw regime with ties to terrorist groups or seeks or possesses weapons of mass destruction is a grave danger to the civilized world and will be confronted. The president on an aircraft carrier speaking to the world just before his secretary of state goes to Syria. A powerful message from this president, the war Afghanistan and in Iraq, combat is over, the war on terrorism, still a lot to be done.

BROWN: John, thank you. We'll have more from you tonight on NEWSNIGHT, 10:00 we'll have more on the president's speech, reaction to it as well.


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