CNN LIVE EVENT/SPECIAL
Aired May 9, 2003 - 10:32 ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
DARYN KAGAN, CNN ANCHOR: And we go live now to the Rose Garden of the White House.
Here's President Bush.
GEORGE W. BUSH, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: Thank you all very much.
Please be seated. Thanks.
Thanks a lot for coming. Thanks for the warm welcome.
Welcome to the White House and the Rose Garden.
I'm pleased all of you could be here to stand for a truly independent federal judiciary.
The framers of the Constitution knew that freedom and justice depend on fair and impartial judges. To ensure judges of the highest quality and integrity, they designed a system in which the president would nominate judges and the Senate would vote up-or-down on the nominees.
Today, we are facing a crisis in the Senate, and therefore a crisis in our judiciary. Highly qualified judicial nominees are waiting years to get an up-or-down from the Untied States Senate.
They wait for years while partisans search in vain for reasons to reject them. The obstructionist tactics of a small group of senators are setting a pattern that threatens judicial independence. Meanwhile, vacancies on the bench and overcrowded court dockets are causing delays for citizens seeking justice.
The judicial confirmation process is broken, and it must be fixed for the good of the country.
Every person nominated to the federal bench deserves a timely vote.
I want to appreciate Al Gonzalez's (ph) introduction. I appreciate his good, sound legal advice. He's been my friend for a long time. I'm really pleased he left Austin, Texas to come up here and serve our country.
I also want to thank the attorney general for serving our country as well. He is doing a fabulous job for our nation.
And we wish him a happy 60th birthday today.
I feel pleased the leaders of the United States Senate are here. Bill Frist is ably leading the United States Senate.
Thank you for coming, Senator.
I want to thank Senator Orrin Hatch for being here as well.
BUSH: The chairman is going to lead the efforts to reform our process.
And Mr. Chairman, I support your work to make sure we increase judicial pay across the United States. Thank you for your leadership.
I'm also grateful that Senators Cornyn, from Texas, Dole, and Graham of South Carolina, Mitch McConnell, Zell Miller, and Arlen Specter, are with us. These folks represent the best in the United States Senate. And thank you for coming.
I appreciate the fact that members of John Ashcroft's staff from the Justice Department are here. And, in particular, Larry Thompson and Bobby McCallum, and Ted Olson. Thank you all for your good work and service.
I know we got a lot of distinguished lawyers who are here. A.P. Carlton is the President of the American Bar Association. A.P., I appreciate you coming, and lending your efforts to make sure that the system works on behalf of the American people. Duard Bradshaw is the President of the Hispanic National Bar Association, is here as well. Welcome to you both. Thank you for your concern.
And welcome to all.
BUSH: Exactly two years ago I announced my first 11 nominees to the Federal Appeals Court. I chose men and women of talent and integrity, highly qualified nominees who represent the mainstream of American law and American values. Eight of them waited more than a year without an up or down vote in the United States Senate.
As of today, three of that original group have waited two years. Their treatment by a group of senators is a disgrace.
Overall, I have sent to the Senate 42 suburb nominees for Federal Courts of Appeal. Eighteen of them are still waiting for a vote in the Senate and eight of those 18 have been waiting more than a year. More appeals court nominees have had to wait over a year for a hearing in my presidency than in the last 50 years combined. This is not just business as usual, this is an abdication of constitutional responsibility, and it is hurting our country.
BUSH: As president, I have the constitutional responsibility to nominate excellent judges, and I take that responsibility seriously. The men and women I have nominated are an historically diverse group whose character and credentials are impeccable.
This group includes Miguel Estrada, my selection for the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals. Miguel Estrada has served in the Justice Department under presidents from both political parties. He has argued 15 cases before the U.S. Supreme Court. He has earned the American Bar Association's highest mark, a unanimous rating of well- qualified.
If confirmed, Miguel would be the first Hispanic-American ever to serve on the court that is often considered the second highest in the land.
Miguel Estrada's nomination had strong support from citizens and leaders in both political parties, and he has support from a majority in the United States Senate, yet after two years he still cannot get an up-or-down vote on the floor of the Senate.
A group of Democratic senators has insisted that Mr. Estrada answer questions that other nominees were not required to answer. The senators have sought confidential Justice Department memos not sought for other appeal court nominees -- request opposed by all living former solicitor generals because of the damage it would do to our legal system.
BUSH: These senators have also filibustered for three months to prevent a vote on Miguel Estrada's nomination.
Never before has there been a successful filibuster to prevent an up-or-down vote on an appeal's court nominee. This is an unprecedented tactic that threatens judicial independence and adds to the vacancy crisis in our courts, and it is wrong.
Justice Priscilla Owen, whom I have nominated to the 5th Circuit Court of Appeals, also has the support of the majority of United States senators, and she, too, has become the target of a filibuster. BUSH: Justice Owen is an extraordinarily well-qualified nominee, who has served with distinction on the Texas Supreme Court since 1995. Like Miguel Estrada, she has earned the American Bar Association's unanimous rating of "well qualified." She has strong bipartisan support, including endorsements from three Democrats who served with her on the Texas Supreme Court, and endorsements from 15 past presidents of the Texas bar.
Yet Justice Owen has been waiting two years -- two years -- for an up-or-down vote on the Senate floor.
The list goes on, and the trend is clear. Of the 18 appeals court nominees awaiting a vote, all who have been rated by the American Bar Association have received "well qualified" or "qualified" ratings.
Some Democratic senators have referred to those ratings as the gold standard. Yet those same senators have ignored those high marks, and instead of applying the gold standard have applied a double standard to some of my nominees.
The Senate has a constitutional responsibility to hold an up-or- down vote.
BUSH: Throughout most of our history, the Senate has exercised this responsibility and voted promptly on judicial nominees. During the administration of former Presidents Bush and Clinton, however, too many appeals court nominees never received votes. And today the situation is worse than ever, making the need for reform greater than ever.
While senators stall and hold on to old grudges, American justice is suffering: Dockets are overcrowded, judges are overworked and citizens are waiting too long for their cases to be heard.
The regional appeal's courts have a 12 percent vacancy rate, and filings in those courts have reached an all-time high again last year.
The 6th Circuit, which covers Ohio and Michigan and Kentucky and Tennessee has four vacancies on a 16-judge court. The D.C. circuit has three vacancies on a 12-judge court. Of the 18 open seats that could be filled by the nominees waiting for Senate confirmation, 15 have been classified as judicial emergencies by the Judicial Conference of the United States.
The American Bar Association has called this an emergency situation, and the chief justice recently said that these vacancies and rising caseloads threaten the proper functioning of federal courts and asked the Senate to give every nominee a prompt up-or-down vote.
BUSH: The bitterness and partisanship that have taken over the judicial confirmations process also threaten judicial independence. Some senators have tried to force nominees to take positions on controversial issues before they even take the bench. This is contrary to the constitutional design of a separate and independent judicial branch.
Six months ago I proposed a plan to end the vacancy crisis and make the process work again. This plan would apply no matter who lives in the White House or no matter which party controls the United States Senate.
Here's how it works: Judges on the federal appellate and district courts would notify the president of their intentions to retire at least a year in advance whenever that is possible. The president would then submit a nomination to the U.S. Senate within 180 days of receiving notice of a vacancy or intended retirement. The Senate Judiciary Committee would hold a hearing within 90 days of receiving a nomination and the full Senate would vote on a nominee no longer than 180 days after the nomination is submitted.
BUSH: The goal is to have a new judge ready to take the bench on the say day the sitting judge retires. Since I announced this plan, the judicial conference has done its part by strongly urging judges to give a one-year advance notice of retirement. I've done my part, with an executive order issued today formalizing my commitment to submit nominations within 180 days after notification of a vacancy. And now we're waiting for the Senate to do its duty, an ensure timely up or down votes for every single nominee.
Majority Leader Frist and Judiciary Chairman Hatch are pushing hard for progress on this issue. They are reformers. And I thank you for your hard work.
U.S. Senator Arlen Specter, and U.S. Senator Zell Miller have proposed reforms to fix the problem. And I thank you for your leadership.
I am very pleased that 10 freshmen senators of both parties have come together to demand the return of dignity and civility to the process. As newcomers, they see the futility of endless bickering that block good judges from the bench. Under the leadership of John Cornyn, and Democrat Mark Pryor, the Senator sent a letter to the Senate leadership last week. And this is what it said: "None of us were parties to any of the reported past offenses, whether real or perceived. None of us believed that the ill-will of the past should dictate the terms and direction of the future. Each of firmly believes the United States Senate needs a fresh start."
I completely agree, and so do the American people.
BUSH: I believe a fresh start is possible, and we will stand with these senators to bring needed reform on behalf of the American people. And I ask for your help. I ask for your help to make sure our judiciary functions in a way that will make the people proud. I ask for your help in talking to senators as we convince them that obstructionist policies harm the American people, it hurts the justice system that makes us the envy of the world.
I know we can move forward. I look forward to the day when a good nominee gets a vote, up or down, in timely fashion, on the floor of the United States Senate.
Thank you all for coming, and God bless.
KAGAN: We've been listening in to President Bush in a ceremony in the Rose Garden of the White House expressing his frustration at trying to get some of his judicial nominees through Congress. Two in particular that have been held up, Miguel Estrada. He's nominated to go to the U.S. Court of Appeals in Washington D.C., six attempts trying to get him through. And then Priscilla Owens, trying to get her through the U.S. court of appeals in New Orleans. They've tried twice to get her through, the Republicans have, to no avail.
Let us bring in our Bill Schneider, standing by in Washington D.C. to give us some perspective on where this stands and all the politics of it.
Bill, good morning.
Where does it stand? This sounds like such a familiar complaint, except a few years ago, it was the Democrats who complained the Republicans were holding up their nominees.
WILLIAM SCHNEIDER, CNN SR. ANALYST: As the president just indicated, his father had this problem when he was president, so did Bill Clinton, so did this president. They nominate people to the federal bench.
Remember, that is a lifetime appointment. It's very difficult to get rid of a federal judge short of some malfeasance of duties, so that's why these appointments are taken very, very seriously. They decide extraordinarily controversial involving abortion rights, racial issues, civil rights, affirmative action, very divisive, controversial issues, gun control.
So therefore, these are looked at with great care. And over the past, I would say, 20 years, there has been a mobilization on both sides to block nominees whose views one side considers too extreme, and that is true really of both sides. There's been kind of a social issue war over every nominee. There is an old tradition that says if a president nominates someone to a federal judgeship who is well qualified, it doesn't matter what that person's views are, as long as they're qualified, but that really has not been the rule for about 20 years.
KAGAN: Yes, and as we said, and as you were pointed out, there has been frustration own both sides. In this particular instance, the Democrats are kind of not in the mood to hear it from the Republicans. Senator Patrick Leahy of Vermont had this to say yesterday about the current situation.
Let's listen in to this:
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
SEN. PATRICK LEAHY (D), VERMONT: I think it is crocodile tears at best when the president, who sends up nominations designed to divide us and not unite us, says that we're obstructing. When we stop two out of 123. They stopped 60 or more of President Clinton's nominees.
And, you know, no matter what numbers you use, the U.S. Senate should never allow court packing, court packing, for -- to create an ideologically attuned court.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
KAGAN: And so court packing, definitely, that's something a lot people don't want, but the other side of it is, there are a lot vacancies and some court business that's not getting done.
SCHNEIDER: Well, the Democrats claim there is only a six percent vacancy in the federal courts, but the president just said there is a 12 percent vacancy on the appeals court. The president described this as a crisis. I think the Democrats would quarrel with that.
What's really happening here is a challenge between two branches of government. What the president is saying to the Senate, is change your rules. What they're talking about is getting rid of the filibuster, at least modifying the filibuster that allows minorities to block appointees. As he said, Judge Estrada, Judge Owen both have majority support in the Senate, but they don't have the 60 votes needed to cut off a filibuster.
So what the Republicans and the White House are backing are changes in the Senate rules. It may be news to a lot of our viewers, that the filibuster is nowhere in the Constitution. It's a Senate rule that the Senate itself adopted. It could be tough. It could require a two-thirds vote to change that rule. The Democrats are dead set against it, and they have 48 senators, but the Republicans are going to try to modify it.
SCHNEIDER: We've heard from President Bush. We hear that Senate minority leader Tom Daschle will have some comments from the floor of the Senate. When that happens, we'll share those with our viewers as well.
Bill, always good to have you with us.
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