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YOUR WORLD TODAY
After the Attacks; Iraq Violence
Aired July 14, 2005 - 12:00 ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
PETER CLARKE, LONDON METROPOLITAN POLICE: The question I'm asking the public is, did you see this man at King's Cross? Was he alone or with others?
(END VIDEO CLIP)
JIM CLANCY, CNN INTERNATIONAL ANCHOR: Police release new details in the London bombings, including a photo of one of the men they believe is involved.
Also, London pauses. At exactly 12:00 noon, the city comes to a standstill.
Hello, and welcome. I'm Jim Clancy, alongside Christiane Amanpour. We're at Trafalgar Square in London on an extraordinary day, a day when this city came to a complete standstill as thousands of people stood in the streets paying homage out of -- in the memory of those who lost their lives in the London bombings one week ago.
Welcome to our viewers in the United States and around the world. This is YOUR WORLD TODAY.
Scotland Yard today released more details of the suspects in the London bombing case. The names of two of those suspects were released, along with a photo of one of them. They also raised the death toll to 53, and said that toll may go higher.
At the same time, in Leeds, police expanded their search area. Already they say they have interviewed 500 different witnesses, and they are looking at more than 5,000 videotapes to see what they can do to recreate the route the bombers took and try to learn clues about who else may have been involved -- Christiane.
CHRISTIANE AMANPOUR, CNN CHIEF INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Jim, I'm down here on the floor here in Trafalgar Square. A week ago, this was the scene of jubilation, when Londoners celebrated winning the Olympics for the summer of 2012. And today, it's going to be the seen of a vigil for more than 50 people who were killed exactly a week ago by bombers who went onto the tubes and into the red double-decker buses.
Beside me, perhaps, you can see a line of people who are waiting to sign a book of condolence. There are two such tents set up here in Trafalgar Square. And people are able to do that up until 9:30 p.m. tonight. In about an hour from now, a vigil will start here with speeches and poems, ordinary people and dignitaries coming. But we are also very focused on the investigation.
London, England, is shocked that the three main suspects are homegrown. Our own boys. How did that happen? How is the investigation getting under way?
Jim Boulden has that from Leeds -- Jim.
JIM BOULDEN, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Hi, Christiane.
Yes, at the moment, I am standing at the edge of a police cordon. And what happened here about the same time that there was that two- minute silence, the police moved into this area and widened the cordon. They evacuated a mosque and they evacuated a school, and they told residents that they cannot go back to their homes.
We're not sure exactly the reason for that. But, of course, the police are obviously worried about one of the locations here near where one of the bombers grew up. And there's speculation that maybe they found some bomb materials, or maybe they are just extra cautious. The concern, that maybe they are going to find some bomb-making materials or some explosives in this area. And if there's anything to go by, the residents may have to find other places to stay tonight, because another area of Leeds that was evacuated, it took three days until residents could go back.
We have some stills of three of the men who have been accused of suicide bombing. Let's show you those.
The first one is Hasib Hussain. He was 18 years old. He was the youngest of the suspected suicide bombers.
And friends say that he used to get in a lot of trouble, and his family was quite worried about him, but that he changed in the last few years and he took religion much more serious. And the police have confirmed that he was on the bus that blew up, the bus that blew up about an hour after the trains were bombed.
The second photo is of 30-year-old Mohammed Sadique Khan. Now, the police have not given us that name. That is a name that is widely known in the press and widely known in this area.
He was married quite recently. He has -- he had a small child. He was also a teacher.
He taught as a teacher's aide in one of the local elementary schools, one of the primary schools. He's one of the more chilling tales that concerns people, that a man his age, age 30, would get caught up in this activity and that he actually worked with children.
The third picture is Shehzad Tanweer. He was 22 years old, and he was on the train that blew up in Aldgate.
He was a sporty lad. He was -- said that he liked cricket, he liked soccer. And he had a lot of friends in this area. And we see a lot of people in the last few days we've been here who knew Shehzad.
His family ran a local fast food restaurant here. And his uncle even spoke to CNN and others and said the family is very saddened and very shocked and surprised by this.
But let's go back a moment to Hasib Hussain. He's the one that police said a few hours ago that they are going to release a video of him when he was at the Luzon train station.
This is a train station that the bombers are believed to have gone from here to Luton before getting on the train. They are going to release that video from the CCTV because they want to track his movements. And the deputy assistant constable -- commissioner, Peter Clarke, explained why they are releasing the still, because they want to get help from the public.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
CLARKE: The question I am asking the public is, did you see this man at King's Cross? Was he alone, or with others? Do you know the route he took from the station? Did you see him get on to a number 30 bus? And if you did, where, and when was that?
(END VIDEO CLIP)
BOULDEN: Now, the evening papers here are showing already what the residents in this immediate area called Beston (ph), south of the city center, are going through. "Get Out of Your Homes." This is because of the order.
A lot of the people surrounding us at this moment are not able to get back to their homes. It could be several days, in fact, depending on what they find in this house or this building that they are looking at. It could be several days before they are allowed to go back home -- Jim.
CLANCY: Thank you. Jim Boulden reporting there live from Leeds.
This, as we said at the outset, was an extraordinary day in London. I don't think I have ever witnessed anything like I witnessed this day in London, or any other city around the world. For two minutes, this city came to a complete standstill in memory of the victims of last Thursday's bombings.
Penny Marshall reports.
PENNY MARSHALL, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): One week on early this morning to the minute, to the moment that changed our history. One week on, and commuters with every step defy the bombers' intent to cower us and change our way of life.
London is a multi-racial vibrant capital city determined to carry on, but also unable to forget. London's mayor, Ken Livingstone, arrived early this morning at King's Cross to add his own memorial to the shrine.
This was the start of a day of remembering. Amongst those gathering, a tube driver who saw one of the bombs go off next to him.
JEFF PORTER, TRAIN DRIVER: There was nothing, you know, that I had ever experienced in my 20 years on the underground that prepared me for those events. It was only when I actually walked through my train, you know, when they were evacuating the passengers, and saw the devastation on the train next to me. I realized the full extent of the horror.
MARSHALL: At least 50 people died in last week's blast, 700 were injured, murdered by people traveling alongside them, people living alongside them. As police continue to investigate that crime, today's noon day silence was a mark of solidarity in the face of it.
Life was paused on Britain's streets, at King's Cross, at Liverpool Street, and at Tavistock Square, where 13 people were killed in the bus bomb.
The queen, so shocked by last week's events, led the nation in remembrance. The prime minister and cabinet staff stood in silence in Downing Street's garden.
In Leeds, hundreds stood in an act of solidarity with London, and in London's heart, Trafalgar Square, the crowds stood still. They knew they were joined by others in other capital cities: Madrid, Paris, Berlin.
This morning's silence wasn't just about respect for the dead, the missing and the injured. This was a dignified response to a barbaric attack on our values and our way of life. The silence was an act of defiance from a civilized and united society.
Penny Marshall, ITV News.
AMANPOUR: London is a multicultural city. We can see it right here with the people lining up to sign the book of condolence.
England is a multicultural city. And what happened here affected people all over the world. And, of course, especially in Europe, where terrorism has plagued other countries as well.
So not only did all the people in many parts of this city come out, and we saw them stand for silence for two minutes. Whether they were in offices, whether in cars, on street corners, inside, outside, they all stood in a spirit of defiance, as the mayor, Ken Livingstone, asked for, solidarity and sympathy for the victims, but defiance to those who perpetrated this crime. And they came out and they did it.
But it wasn't just here. It was 25 other countries as well.
In France, the silence and the tribute was led by the president, Jacques Chirac, who stood out a the Elysee Palace in Paris. In Rome, the Italian parliament stopped as many, many people across that city and country did as well.
People came out on the streets in many other places as well, including in Afghanistan, where flags flew at half-staff, and even British soldiers and others in the multinational force there stood for a moment in silent tribute. U.S. bases also in Kabul paid tribute to those who had lost their lives here.
And tonight we're waiting for this rally to come together in about, let's say, 45 minutes from now. And we'll be continuing our live coverage.
Back to you, Jim.
CLANCY: Thank you, Christiane.
And as Christiane noted there, London united is going to be the theme here. And it is in defiance of those who carried out the bombings. At the same time, many people in this city and elsewhere around the world want to know all they can about the four young men suspected of carrying out this horrific bombings.
Now CNN's Nic Robertson gives us the latest that we know in the investigation.
NIC ROBERTSON, CNN SR. INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): On the front page of Britain's "Daily Mirror" newspaper, pictures of the men suspected in last week's bombings. In "The Independent" newspaper, a very young Hasib Hussain, suspected of blowing up the bus in last week's attack.
Eighteen-year-old Hasib Hussain's house is being shrouded in plastic sheeting. His life, in particular, the days before the bombing, still a mystery the police are trying to uncover.
CLARKE: Some of his property was found on the route 30 bus in Tavistock Square.
ROBERTSON: At the family house of Shehzad Tanweer, another of the four bombing suspects just a few streets away. Forensic experts are sifting through his life. Neighbors saw a computer taken away. But no one, least of all his uncle, saw this day coming.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: What drove him to it, who pushed him to it, I don't know. I wish I could find out.
ROBERTSON (on camera): And that's what his neighbors are saying. How could this young man, a young man they saw on their streets every day, have been one of the bombers? Everyone in this mixed community is struggling with shock, searching for answers.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I think I've seen him in (INAUDIBLE).
ROBERTSON: Really? From when he was...
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Yes. Yes. Yes.
ROBERTSON (voice-over): Ishad Hussain (ph) knew Shehzad Tanweer's father, knew Shehzad well. Shehzad was born in Britain in 1982, had a younger brother and two sisters. Liked to play cricket and soccer. In fact, he was so good at soccer, at school he played three years above his age group. And some friends said he could have played professionally.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: His mom and dad worked very hard to bring their children up properly. And like I said, his father is a law- abiding citizen.
ROBERTSON: Shehzad worked here at his father's fast food store, and attended but dropped out of Leeds University. His father took him to Pakistan last year. Pakistani authorities are investigating what he did while there.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: That's the end of last year, beginning of this year. That's the end of his life by the look of it.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Did you see any change in him when he came back?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Nope.
ROBERTSON: The third suspect, Mohammed Sadique Khan, seen getting married in this picture in the "Mirror" newspaper. The caption reads "He was a school teacher. He was older than the other suspects, and had an 8 month-old baby."
He lived here, about 10 miles, 15 kilometers from Shehzad, in a more upscale and Muslim neighborhood. But facts remain scarce. Police are only now questioning neighbors and have yet to say how the four men first met, how well they knew each other, how they stayed in contact and built their bombs.
The fourth suspected bomber has not been named. When he is, it will likely shock his friends as much as it has Shehzad's.
(on camera): But the hunt is not stopping here. Police raided a house just outside London overnight. The target, perhaps a fifth person who many here believe was the mastermind behind the attacks.
Nic Robertson, CNN, Leeds.
CLANCY: We are just about 45 minutes away now from the vigil here that will stand to honor the victims, to mourn their loss, to grieve alongside the families. It is also giving Londoners a chance to stand up in defiance of the bombers.
We are going to take a short break here. YOUR WORLD TODAY will be back with more news right after this. (COMMERCIAL BREAK)
MICHAEL HOLMES, CNN INTERNATIONAL ANCHOR: Welcome back. You are watching CNN International. I'm Michael Holmes.
Officials say more than 60 people are dead following a raid by hundreds of Ethiopian bandits on a remote village in northern Kenya. Children apparently among the victims, many of whom were hacked to death.
The bandits also stole thousands of farm animals from the villages. The raid was followed by reprisals from tribesmen and Kenyan security forces.
The U.S. military says coalition forces in Iraq have made two key captures of suspected al Qaeda leaders. Aneesh Raman is in Baghdad, has details on that, and also Thursday's violence.
Much happening there -- Aneesh.
ANEESH RAMAN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Michael, a pushback against insurgents. That's what the U.S. military is calling it, announcing today the capture of one key aide to Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, and providing us with more information on a capture of another.
First, on Saturday, a man by the name of Abu Seba was captured in Ramadi, west of the capital city, during a raid. He is described as a senior lieutenant in al Qaeda in Iraq, a key aide to Zarqawi. But equally important, he's labeled as a man directly behind the attacks that we saw here in Baghdad last week on diplomats, specifically the murder of Egyptian envoy to Iraq, Ihab Sherif.
That incident caused quite a lot of concern here in Baghdad. This now a key arrest for the U.S. officials.
Also on Sunday, a day later, the capture of a man named Abu Aziz, another key aide to Zarqawi. He is described as in charge of al Qaeda in Iraq's operations here in Baghdad. They call him a "significant operative."
Both men now (AUDIO GAP) will provide actionable intelligence now as to the whereabouts of Zarqawi himself. That is a step forward.
Also today, though, violence continued to rage here in Baghdad. An attack on a checkpoint out (AUDIO GAP) to U.S. military, as well as to key posts in the Iraqi government.
It was a dual suicide attack. A suicide car bomb detonating, followed by suicide bomber who had an explosives vest. At least one person was killed. Five persons -- five people wounded including, Michael, a third possible suicide bomber.
HOLMES: All right, Aneesh. Thanks very much. Aneesh Raman there in Baghdad.
Let's check some stories making news in the United States now. The launch of the Space Shuttle Discovery is on hold until at least Saturday, perhaps as late as separate. A faulty fuel sensor forced NASA to postpone Wednesday's scheduled blastoff. Technicians are now deciding whether that problem can be fixed at the launch pad, or if the spaceship must be returned to its hangar.
U.S. Chief Justice William Rehnquist remains under observation in a Virginia hospital after complaing of a fever on Tuesday night. The 80-year-old had been battling thyroid cancer since October.
Rehnquist's latest health problems added to speculation that he might retire. He has said very little about his health publicly, and nothing about when, or if, he will retire.
Residents and police in Los Angeles faced off overnight after word that a police bullet killed a toddler during a standoff with police last week. Police say the 19-month-old had been used as a shield by her father. The LAPD chief says the officers appear to have acted properly, but stresses that a full investigation is ongoing.
All right. Let's take it back to London now. Jim Clancy, and our chief international correspondent, Christiane Amanpour, standing by.
Back to you.
CLANCY: Thank you for that, Michael.
You know, today, as we noted at the top, an extraordinary day. I was standing in Piccadilly Circus, one of the busiest areas in London. And well before 12:00 noon, people had poured out of their offices and they were standing on their sidewalks.
At exactly 12:00, Christiane, everyone came to a complete stop, the buses, the taxies, the trucks. There wasn't the sound of a horn. There wasn't the sound of even a voice. Everything fell completely silent.
Where were you?
AMANPOUR: In the residential neighborhood of Kensington, west London. You know, west London did take one of those bombings in Edgware Road. But quite a bit further away, and even around there, the same was true.
People came out of their houses, out of their offices. I heard people talking about it afterwards. People felt a sense of wanting to belong to this moment.
And, you know, Ken Livingstone, the mayor, had really sort of called for this. And not just in sympathy and solidarity, but in defiance, that this cannot be allowed to go unnoticed and unchallenged. And he called people to come out and stand in silence as a mark of strength and defiance against this.
And I think, you know, to me, what was so interesting was that Prime Minister Blair has also been reaching out to Muslim legislators. He's going to be talking to Muslim leaders, and he's going to ask them to root out what he called this evil ideology, to yank it out by its roots.
And today, when I was reading the newspapers, something really struck me. And I'm going to show you.
This is the front of one of the newspapers. That's not a victim in England. That's a victim in Iraq.
It's Muslims who are killing Muslims in Iraq. And now it appears that it's Muslims who are killing Muslims and Jews and Christians and fellow English people here in London.
And this is something that people are trying to get to the bottom of, people are trying to come to grips with. The prime minister is trying to figure out how to get to the bottom of this with some kind of strategy to get moderate Muslims, of which there are many hundreds of thousands in this country, who reject what happened, to get them to try to root it out. And as the police have said, it's only going to be the communities that are going to be able to do it -- Jim.
CLANCY: Well, Christiane -- Christiane, it was truly a day for people in London to look back on. And they are going to remember this day.
As we have said over and over again, we've been waiting here for a vigil to get under way. We'll be back with more on that right after this.
AMANPOUR: Again, here we are in Trafalgar Square, standing next to a line of people who waiting to sign the book of condolence.
Joining me now is Harriet Matthews, who has also come to sign this book.
Where were you last week? You apparently had a pretty lucky escape, nearly being on the Piccadilly line there.
HARRIET MATTHEWS, LONDONER: That's right. I was just coming into the station a stop behind, one station away from King's Cross. And I was caught up in the lift. And I was running late that day, as well, so...
AMANPOUR: And why are you here today?
MATTHEWS: I'm here for two reasons. I think the first one is because I want to sort of show defiance and to show that I'm going to carry on with my life, and that we as Londoners are going to carry on with our lives, meet together, and carry on using the tube.
But I'm also here because, although I want to show that we are getting back to normal life, I don't want to forget what happened. And I think it's really important to remember and pause for a few minutes, just to sort of pay my respects to the victims and to their families.
AMANPOUR: For people who are really reeling in this city and in this country, you know, I think people hoped against hope that it would be foreigners. And it's turned out that these are London-born young men, the chief suspects.
How do you react to that? Rather, British-born young men.
MATTHEWS: I was really saddened, I think, because I think we have so many opportunities here, and hopefully other ways of life, you know, to choose. And it's a good place to live. And it's terrible when people choose terrorism. I was also very angry and really sad for those communities and the families who have these people there and who are going to be blamed for harboring them as well.
AMANPOUR: And how will you get on with your life?
MATTHEWS: I'll get on with it. I've gone on the double-decker bus. I've gone on the top floor. I get on the tube every day.
I'm going to go on with it and show that, you know, our ways of life and our values will carry on.
AMANPOUR: Harriet, thank you very much indeed.
And we'll be back after a short break -- Jim.
CLANCY: Thank you, Christiane. That's right.
Police and terrorism experts, as well as politicians here in Britain, are united in their message that the citizens of Britain, and elsewhere, must not allow the terrorists to divide them, to divide one community against the other. Muslims, frankly, are afraid of reprisal attacks, and there have been some shameful incidents. But that is part of what this vigil is all about as well, to try to bring Londoners together to reaffirm their unity in the face of terror.
We'll be back with more of YOUR WORLD TODAY right after this.
CLANCY: Welcome back to YOUR WORLD TODAY. I'm Jim Clancy, alongside Christiane Amanpour here in Trafalgar Square in the heart of London, where hundreds of people are continuing to stream in, and crowds are gathering around the square. A vigil set for about 30 minutes from now. We'll be bringing that to you live.
But for now, let's go back to the CNN Center Michael Holmes and the headlines -- Michael.
MICHAEL HOLMES, CNN ANCHOR: All right, Jim, thanks very much. Back to you in a moment.
Scotland Yard has confirmed the identities of two of the four suspected bombers in last week's terror attacks in London. They released footage of one man believed to be responsible for the bus bombing, and asked for information about his movements. Police also returned to the city of Leeds north of London and evacuated a large number of people near the home of one of the suspects.
Well, a week after the attacks, victims were honored in Britain and right across Europe with two minutes of silence. Buses stopped, London stopped, airports fell silent; people came out on the streets to remember those who died. A vigil in Trafalgar Square is scheduled to start about half an hour from now.
The French President Jacques Chirac says no country in the world is safe from terrorism, including France. In a Bastille Day interview, Mr. Chirac says everything has been done to fight terrorism, but the mentality of terrorists is different. He says he was a profound feeling of respect for the victims of London's attacks.
Well, for the latest on the investigation into the London bombings, let's go back now to Jim Clancy, Christiane Amanpour also. Both of them live in London.
CLANCY: All right, Michael, thank you for that.
The investigation, is, of course going forward. One police official put it this way. We are getting leads, it would appear minute by minute. That investigation up in Leeds is expanding. Even as we speak, police expanding their search area there.
Meantime, here in London, at Trafalgar Square, Christiane, what a mix of people that have arrived here. I see some Muslims, but not a lot.
CHRISTIANE AMANPOUR, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Yes, a mix of people. I some as well certainly lining up in the condolence line, and also some carrying placards, saying against terrorism, against racism, against war. They are basically -- some of them are here waiting, and we're hoping to see more of what the speeches are going to say in about half on hour from now.
Behind me, I am standing basically at the part of Trafalgar Square, where the National Gallery. And you can see perhaps behind me, "London United." It's the rallying cry for this rally, and it certainly is reflected in the people who have turned up so far. We expect more to come around 5:00 or so when the actually rally gets under way and speakers start.
This was Britain's first suicide-bombing attack. And the shock of the fact that the main suspects were born and bred in this country, from parents of middle class, who have businesses, has just really taken a long time to sink in, and to be digested. It's really something that's shocked people here. They just can't believe it. People expected it to be, for instance, like many other terrorist attacks, including 9/11, where the terrorist were foreign-born and came over to wreak their havoc,and their crime and their murder. Here, it's come from within, and people are having to get to grown-up grips with that, and to deal with it.
The police are asking people to be vigilant, to help with patrol and to do a little bit of security work themselves, keep their eyes open, have conversations with people, report anything suspicious, as Alessio Vinci has found out.
ALESSIO VINCI, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): What a difference a week can make. More security officers at London's Underground stations with bomb-sniffing dogs, posting notices, asking people for help. Were you there? Did you see anything suspicious? Call us. The bombers may be dead. but who was the mastermind? The investigation continues.
There are still more than two dozen missing, and after a week, the makeshift memorial at King's Cross Station still draws hundreds, a few in tears.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It's terribly sad. One of my friends, one of my school friends was in the disaster, so I was just passing by now to pay my respects.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE It's a very different atmosphere in London this week. Everyone's a bit twitchy, a little bit nervous, perhaps a little bit philosophical as well. It's very different.
VINCI (on camera): Not everyone realized immediately there had been a terrorist attack. Some people perhaps felt they were experiencing one of the Underground's notorious delays, so as they left the station, some people caught a bus.
(voice-over): The buses are still filling up, including number 30. The one that was bombed at 9:47 a week ago. A week later, number 30 is packed.
The headlines are chilling, reports about the teenager who carried the bomb onboard last Thursday. Behind me, Johnny, a regular on this route, may have escaped death, as he was on a trip abroad.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: When I was watching the news, when I was abroad, and I saw the bus number 30, I was in shock because that's the bus I use most regularly, and at that time I was away, so it was hard to get on the bus this morning, but obviously, I have to get to work today.
VINCI: Abigail Milner (ph) was just across the street when the bomb on the bus exploded. She returned near the site for the first time today.
Like the queen, the prime minister, and millions in London, she, too, paused for two minutes of silence at midday. Abigail is still traumatized.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I managed to get back on the bus, and -- the other day, so slowly, but surely. I don't know how long it'll take.
VINCI: By early afternoon, Trafalgar Square filled with mourners, there to sign books of condolence and share their sense of loss.
Alessio Vinci, CNN, London.
CLANCY: One question keeps ringing out in the minds of many here in London, and across Britain. What motivated them? What motivated these four young men who were born in this country to commit such savagery against their own citizens, their fellow citizens, against their own country?
Matthew Chance reports.
MATTHEW CHANCE, CNN SENIOR INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT (voice- over): What the U.S. feels about terror came largely from 9/11: Islamic fundamentalists from other countries sacrificing themselves to kill as many civilians as possible. That seemed to be the lesson with the London bombings, as well, but now we know in London, there's a difference. The suspects are British, educated there, with families, allegedly killing not a foreign enemy but their own countrymen.
PETER NEWMAN, INSTITUTE OF WAR STUDIES: I think this certainly is a new dimension to it because usually, what we're seeing is people attacking the other community, Catholics attacking Protestants and vice versa, people from one country attacking people from another country. These were people that grew up in Britain that are now attacking their own community and also taking other Muslim people into this mission and killing them. So this is rightly -- you rightly say that this is a novelty that you haven't seen in this country so far.
CHANCE: There is a history of British suicide bombers. Richard Reid, the shoe bomber from south London, shortly after 9/11 arrested trying to blow up a transatlantic airliner in mid-air. He had explosives in his shoes. In 2003, two British suicide bombers targeted Israelis after joining the Palestinian military group Hamas. One of their bombs was detonated in an Israeli bar, killing three.
British authorities, shocked by the London attacks, are now vowing to root out radical Islam, Prime Minister Blair calling on the Muslim community in Britain to be vigilant.
TONY BLAIR, BRITISH PRIME MINISTER: We will seek to debate the right way forward in combating this evil within the Muslim community with Muslim leaders, and it's our intention to begin this process immediately. In the end, this can only be taken on and defeated by the community itself, but we all can help and facilitate, and we will do so.
CHANCE: But the problem of Britain's nearly two million Muslims has been growing. These riots swept some immigrant areas of Britain's north in 2001. An official report spoke of unemployment and a lack of opportunity as a cause, factors moderate Muslim organizations say are still making their youth vulnerable to extremism. DR. DAUD ABDULLAH, MUSLIM COUNCIL OF BRITAIN: We have social exclusion. We have a sense of not feeling -- of not belonging, you see, a sense of alienation. We have alien ideas, and frustration, general frustration, humiliation. When you add the international, you know, dimension to all of this, all of these factors feed into the mindset of our youth, and we have it, you see, demonstrating itself in this outrageous behavior.
CHANCE: But it's the U.S. and British invasion of Iraq that's outraged many British Muslims, the Afghan war and the Israeli- Palestinian conflicts also high on their list of foreign policy grievances.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The upcoming election is, in fact, an act of apostasy!
CHANCE: Radical groups say analysts, appear to offer a simple solution, channeling the anger and frustration of some British Muslims into terrorism.
NEWMAN: What can be done about it? It's very difficult. I think it needs to start with us and the way we approach these communities. We have to make more of an effort in order to integrate themselves, in order to make them part of our societies. But it goes further than that, there's also an obligation, I believe, on the part of the Muslim community to stamp out these. And to make it very clear to everyone in this community, that these radical extremists are not to be tolerated.
CHANCE: It may be a problem on the national British scale now, but after the carnage of London, it's concerned that the same type of terror attacks could take place on the wider international stage as well.
Matthew Chance, CNN, London.
CLANCY: Christiane, we had a chance to talk with Lord Stratford, a member of parliament here who says he's trying to find some answers as TO why these young men would have carried this out. Of course, you can talk about the Israeli/Palestinian conflict, the frustrations over the war in Iraq. But he thinks it's more dangerous in the throes that are behind the attacks, really masterminding these attacks, really intent to divide to people of his country.
AMANPOUR: It is something that's really profoundly shocked this country, and everyone, really, who's been analyzing it, even from afar. Because it's changed the dynamic. This is now homegrown suicide bombers. If the police leads turn out to be correct and all the investigation ends up where it's definitely pointing to, this has taken it to a new level, a new reality. And people here are beginning to digest what this means. And it's incredibly, frankly, scary for a lot of people.
You know, Britain has had a long, long history, more than 150 years of accepting political refugees, of accepting revolutionaries right back to the Bolsheviks. Karl Marx, Islamic dissidents from places as far as afield as Algeria and Saudi Arabia and elsewhere. But there was always an unspoken deal, it seemed, that there would be no agitation in this country in return for protection. No crimes committed in this country. No activism in this country. And people certainly were wondering whether it was foreign asylum seekers, or foreign-born terrorists, who had come here. But, again, it seems to be homegrown, and that's, as I say, causing profound shock here.
We'll be back with more after a break.
HOLMES: All right. We are going to take you back to Trafalgar Square very soon. Meanwhile, we're going to update you on things. Trafalgar Square there, live pictures coming to you now. And there is going to be a ceremony there very shortly now. Our Christiane Amanpour and Jim Clancy are both there. They'll be reporting in just a moment.
Meanwhile, let's check some of the stories making news in the United States now.
The husband of a CIA agent whose identity was revealed says President Bush should fire his top White House aide, Karl Rove. Former ambassador Joseph Wilson says Rove was engaged in a, quote, "abuse of power," and accused the White House of a cover-up. The chairman of the Democratic National Committee says Mr. Bush should honor his promise to fire any staffer involved in the leak.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
HOWARD DEAN, CHMN, DEMOCRATIC NATL. CMTE.: Now we're going to find out, Mr. President, if you'll keep your word. Who do you value more, Mr. President? Do you value intelligence operatives defending the United States of America, or do you value political operatives in Texas? We're going to find out. Who do you value more, Mr. President, the security of the American people, or your political cronies? Will you keep your word, Mr. President? We're going to find out if the president of the United States will keep his word.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
HOLMES: Rove's attorney maintains that his client has done nothing wrong.
The Homeland Security secretary, Michael Chertoff, appeared before House and Senate committees a day after he announced sweeping changes at his 2-year-old department. He says new technology will help protect U.S. transit systems from attack. In the works for months, the overhaul will centralize terrorism analysis, focus on bioterrorism and tighten America's borders.
Five people were injured in New York City when scaffolding and part of a building collapsed. A fire department spokesman said at least one of the five is a baby. All, however, reported in stable condition in hospital. Everyone has been accounted for, apparently. The building was sold in April. It's to be replaced by a high-rise condominium.
All right. Now let's go back to London. That's where we'll find Jim Clancy and Christiane Amanpour, both of them in Trafalgar Square. Over to you guys.
AMANPOUR: Michael, I just checked my watch. This should start in about ten minutes. People are increasing here. They're gathering. There's more crowds than there were about an hour ago. And there's going to be a roster of speakers here. The mayor, religious leaders, the head of the British Muslim Council. And also, Lord Sebastian Coe, a former British Olympic medal winner and the chairman of Britain's successful bid to win the Olympics in 2015. And, as we know, is where they celebrated that win just a week ago -- Jim?
CLANCY: And as we see the crowd gathering here, a very mixed group of people, as you noted a little bit earlier. Some of them obviously activists, opposed to any kind of racism or Islam-a-phobia that's already been the source of some accidents. Gathering here in Trafalgar Square, where Britons have gathered since the mid-1800s. This square really a focal point of the entire city. In fact, it was barely a week ago that Londoners were gathered in this square to celebrate something much happier.
Monita Rajpal gives us a look back at a tumultuous week for this city.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: London.
MONITA RAJPAL, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): In under 24 hours, life as Londoners knew it, changed. Basking in the glow of winning the bid to host the 2012 Olympic Games, turned into shock. Thursday, July 7th, four bombs explode simultaneously, leaving more than 52 people dead, hundreds injured, dozens missing.
As each day passes, families feel the agony of not knowing what happened to loved ones, and the grief of fearing the possibility their loved ones may not come home.
KEN LIVINGSTONE, MAYOR OF LONDON: It's just an indiscriminate attempt of mass murder.
RAJPAL: For forensic experts, the task of finding remains and identifying bodies is grim, not only because of the nature of their jobs, but the nature of the deaths. Conditions within the tunnels means investigators are battling not just time, but also soaring temperatures, and an insecure structure caused by the explosion.
Tuesday, July 12th. Five days after the explosions, detectives release information on an intelligence-led operation, a raid conducted in the north England city of Leeds, an operation that came after a break in the case, thanks, in part, to the footage from closed-circuit security cameras around the city. The footage showed four men together, laughing, at King's Cross station, carrying rucksacks.
PETER CLARKE, LONDON METROPOLITAN POLICE: We have since found personal documents bearing the names of three of those four men close to the seats of three of the explosives.
RAJPAL: Three of whom are identified as young Muslims. Wednesday, July 13th, shockwaves rock the country as the knowledge of the suspects being British nationals spreads. And for the Muslim community, the day spelled despair.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I've got no word to describe these individuals. I've got no words at all, absolutely (INAUDIBLE), nothing to do (INAUDIBLE).
RAJPAL: Many Muslims here reject and try to dispel the perception of extremism. They find themselves constantly trying to defend their religion, a religion they say is one of peace.
Security analysts say the possibility of the attacks being a suicide mission means a change in how to try and counter terror. But today, and the days to come, from Leeds in the north of England, where the investigation is focused, to London, where mourners gather and remember, the question being asked, is why?
Monita Rajpal, CNN, London.
CLANCY: London united, united in grief for the victims and their families, united in their defiance of those who carried out the bombing. More of our special report here from Trafalgar Square right after this.
You're watching YOUR WORLD TODAY.
AMANPOUR: A week ago today, it was raining, bombs blew up on three tube stations and on a double-decker bus. People were afraid. There was some chaos, confusion and profound shock. In the intervening week, Britain has picked itself up, still shocked and angry, but continuing to do what they always do, shocked that the bombers, the perpetrators are home-grown, some of their own, and wondering where this will lead to next.
In five minutes, a rally will start here in solidarity and defiance. And we'll hear speeches and poems -- Jim.
CLANCY: We're going to be bringing that, Christiane, to everyone live. They have a list of more than two dozen guests, from the media, the clergy, and so many others are going to be here, including Mayor Ken Livingstone. He's going to be talking here, delivering his own message. He, of course, one of the driving forces behind London united.
We'll be back after this. You're watching YOUR WORLD TODAY.
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