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YOUR WORLD TODAY
Face Transplant Patient Appears Before Media; More Protests Over Controversial Cartoons; Domestic Spying Hearing
Aired February 6, 2006 - 12:00 ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
ANNOUNCER: Live from CNN Center, this is YOUR WORLD TODAY.
JIM CLANCY, CNN INTERNATIONAL ANCHOR: The face of a medical miracle. A woman who received the first partial face transplant shows her new features to the world.
HALA GORANI, CNN INTERNATIONAL ANCHOR: Anger over controversial cartoons boils over in more Muslim communities despite worldwide calls for calm.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
SEN. PATRICK LEAHY (D), VERMONT: Mr. Attorney General, in America, our America, nobody is above the law.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
CLANCY: And getting a grilling on a controversial spying program. The top U.S. attorney taking the Bush administration's case straight to Congress.
It is 6:00 p.m. in Amiens, France; 9:30 p.m. in Kabul, Afghanistan, noon in Washington.
I'm Jim Clancy.
GORANI: I'm Hala Gorani.
Welcome to our viewers throughout the world. This is CNN International and this is YOUR WORLD TODAY.
Well, the woman once known only as the first recipient of a partial face transplant is stepping on to the world stage.
CLANCY: It was interesting, Isabelle Dinoire saying she now has a face like everyone else and hopes she's going to lead a normal life.
GORANI: And as Jim Bittermann reports from Amiens in France, Dinoire's life is anything but normal.
JIM BITTERMANN, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Hundreds of journalists had gathered to see exactly this, the first appearance of face transplant patient Isabelle Dinoire after her surgery 10 weeks ago. And while it was apparent that she had surgery on her face, in fact she looked remarkably well. She was able to speak, even took a drink of water in public before the cameras, and she told journalists that for her things had improved remarkably.
ISABELLE DINOIRE, TRANSPLANT PATIENT (through translator): I can open my mouth and I can eat. And I can feel my lips and my nose. And, of course, I have to do a lot more exercises and work every week in order to reactivate all the muscles. And I, of course, have to continue to take the immunosuppressant treatment.
BITTERMANN: While the 38-year-old mother of two had some problems speaking, doctors believe that they will go away with physical therapy. She will also be seeing a psychiatrist twice a week over the next few weeks just to make sure that psychologically she is handling her post-operative period just the way doctors want to.
They say they're also going to be watching for a period of rejection coming up, they think, in a couple of days. So they'll be monitoring her carefully as she goes on with her life.
And the doctors themselves say that they hope she represents something in the way of future for other people who might need face transplants. They have already applied for permission to do five more such operations with the French Ministry of Health.
Jim Bittermann, CNN, Amiens, France.
GORANI: Now, there was a chilling moment during the news conference when Isabelle Dinoire described the dog attack that left her without the lower part of her face. She said she was going through some personal problems at the time and had taken some medication which had knocked her out.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
DINOIRE (through translator): When I arrived at the teaching hospital after (INAUDIBLE), I was disfigured, indeed, on the 27th. After a lot of personal worries, I fainted. And when I woke up, I tried to light a cigarette, and I couldn't understand why it didn't fit in my lips.
So that's when I saw the dog beside me. I went to look in the mirror, and horrified, I couldn't believe what I was seeing.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
CLANCY: Now, the doctor who performed the first of its kind surgery says he wants to offer this procedure to many other people, not only in France, but around the world.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
DR. JEAN-MICHEL DUBERNARD, SURGEON (through translator): There's research, research for the future, research for other patients. We did this for Isabelle, but what we want to do is to start a mechanism which after the additional clinical research phase make it possible -- we'll, carried out by our two teams, cooperating in the framework of what we call a clinical hospital search program. It's to ensure that other patients in the world and in France should be able to draw advantage from such progress.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
GORANI: Now, it's a pretty extraordinary sight, really, to see a woman that half of her face is someone else's.
This is our question of the day: Has seeing Isabelle Dinoire changed your view of face transplants?
CLANCY: That's right. E-mail us your comments to YWT@CNN.com. That's YWT@CNN.com. Keep it short, include at least your first name, and tell us where you're writing from.
GORANI: Let's switch gears now.
And fresh protests have erupted from Iraq to Indonesia over those published cartoons of the Prophet Mohammed despite calls by world leaders and moderate Muslim groups for calm. In Kabul, Afghanistan, hundreds used sticks and stones to try to break down the Danish Embassy there. At least one person was killed in a nearby city.
In Indonesia, the world's largest Muslim nation, protesters rampaged the Danish Embassy in Jakarta.
Denmark is the focus of much of the anger. The images first appeared in a Danish newspaper and were then reprinted. Islamic tradition bars depiction of the prophet.
And in largely Buddhist Thailand, protesters held up banners and placards and angrily denounced the cartoons.
CLANCY: In Tehran, dozens pelted the Austrian Embassy which holds the European Presidency right now with stones and firecrackers while Lebanon apologized to Denmark just a day after thousands of protesters ransacked and torched the building that houses the Danish mission in Beirut.
Beirut Bureau Chief Brent Sadler following developments. He joins us now from the Lebanese capital with more on this -- Brent.
BRENT SADLER, CNN BEIRUT BUREAU CHIEF: Jim, at the outset, it was thought that the Danish Consulate in the Lebanese capital here had been damaged, if not destroyed, by those fires that swept through the multi-story building Sunday, paralyzing downtown Beirut with a total breakdown of law and order.
I managed to get up the fire escape at the side of that building obviously once the flames had been put out by the fire brigade and discovered that as a result of reinforced steel doors, it seems the protesters were unable to get anywhere near the offices that housed that diplomatic mission here. And what the protesters did was to ransack every other floor they could reach in the time that they were able to ransack that entire office complex.
Now, what this is telling many religious leaders here and politicians is that this wasn't simply a protest about those cartoons that were published in Danish newspaper and then reprinted elsewhere in the world. This is an attempt, or was a successful action whereby Islamic extremism, they say, was able to hijack what religious leaders -- and we saw them trying to dampen down the crowds, trying stop the violence, some of the Muslim clerics in the heat of that protest -- really the original intentions of that protest were hijacked by Islamic extremists.
And that's a great concern here now that the protests that we're seeing worldwide in the Islamic and Arab world is being taken over on those that would wish to serve a wider agenda, a different agenda other than the battle over the principle of press freedom and now infiltrating, inciting wider violence. That's one of the big concerns now that we're seeing after those two big violent demonstrations in Beirut Sunday, the previous day in neighboring Syria, and elsewhere now, particularly in Afghanistan. And these events now turning deadly -- Jim.
CLANCY: As we look at all of this, you know, it's amazing to somebody brought a sledgehammer to the demonstration. They must have anticipated something.
Who organized this demonstration? Is that being investigated right now?
SADLER: Well, certainly the authorities here have already taken action. The resignation of the interior minister is the first political casualty of that breakdown in law and order.
There were many complaining, particularly Christians in their districts of the Lebanese capital, complaining that security forces simply fled when they saw the way that the protesters were armed. They had molotov cocktails, they had, as you say, pickaxes, sledgehammers, also firecrackers.
There was a deliberate attempt by some within that large crowd, plus-2,000 people, who had gone prepared for a battle and were well equipped. But it wasn't just against the building, nor against a church that was also stoned. The security forces themselves lost vehicles. Such was the intensity of this riot -- Jim.
CLANCY: Brent Sadler reporting to us there live from Beirut -- Hala.
GORANI: In Egypt, much frustration, little information. families are anxiously waiting in Safaga for word on what happened to loved ones still missing after a ferry accident. Some 1,400 people were on board traveling from Saudi Arabia to Egypt when the boat sank Friday. Some 800 are still missing.
Rioters trashed the office of the ferry's owners and clashed with riot police. Many grieving relatives blame the boat's captain for not returning the vessel to Saudi Arabia after a fire broke out on board. CLANCY: Well, now to Washington, where the top U.S. attorney, the attorney general, defending a controversial surveillance program before the U.S. Congress, specifically before a Senate Judiciary Subcommittee. Attorney General Alberto Gonzales is explaining why the White House believes it's necessary and legal to spy on American citizens without even seeking court approval.
He told a Senate subcommittee that the program is both reasonable and essential in the post-September 11 world. But some senators contend trampling on civil liberties is not acceptable.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
LEAHY: Mr. Attorney General, in America, our America, nobody is above the law, not even the president of the United States. There is much that we do not know about the president's secret spying program, and I hope we're going to get some more answers, some real answers, not self-serving characterizations.
ALBERTO GONZALES, U.S. ATTORNEY GENERAL: To fight this unconventional war while remaining open and vibrantly engaged with the world, we must search out the terrorists abroad and pinpoint their cells here at home. To succeed, we must deploy not just soldiers and sailors and airmen Marines, we must also depend on intelligence analysts, surveillance experts and the nimble use of our technological strength.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
GORANI: U.S. Attorney General Alberto Gonzales there.
Now, President George W. Bush says Americans understand and accept the need for the spying. But what do people whose phones may be tapped have to say for themselves?
Richard Roth listened in.
RICHARD ROTH, CNN SR. U.N. CORRESPONDENT (voice over): America loves a good spy story.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE, "ENEMY OF THE STATE": He is talking about ending personal privacy. Do you want your phone tapped?
WILL SMITH, ACTOR, "ENEMY OF THE STATE": I'm not planning on blowing up the country.
ROTH: But these days, eavesdropping to catch terrorists is not just a Hollywood caper.
GEORGE W. BUSH, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: And I think the American people understand that. Why tell the enemy what we're doing if the program is necessary to protect us from the enemy? And it is.
ROTH: After 9/11, President Bush okayed select eavesdropping on Americans' foreign communications without court approval. The work by the National Security Agency was meant to be kept secret.
GEN. MICHAEL HAYDEN, DEPUTY DIRECTOR, NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE: We are going after very specific communications that our professional judgment tells us we have reason to believe are those associated with people who want to kill Americans.
ROTH: So how do Americans feel about this type of spying?
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I think it's a good idea. Anything to catch the terrorists.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: My privacy is definitely more important than going after the terrorists.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: If it's to protect us, if you have nothing to hide, you really shouldn't mind.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I have been worried about my privacy for quite some time. This just reinforces my concern.
SCOTT KEETER, PEW RESEARCH CENTER: There's a virtual even split in the public between those who think that what the president is doing is acceptable or right and those who think that it's wrong.
ROTH: Americans may be willing to give up a little privacy if they think it will stop a terrorist attack. But they also worry about a president's power.
JAMES BAMFORD, INVESTIGATIVE JOURNALIST: The NSA is the most powerful and most dangerous in the country when it comes to privacy.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: In a post-9/11 world, which is what people are always throwing out as an excuse for, you know, imposing on our civil liberties -- and I do believe that we should be more aware after that, but I also don't believe that, you know, so much of our privacy should be invaded. I don't believe it's right.
ROTH: And Americans prize their privacy.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I think Americans feel kind of entitled to something like privacy.
KEETER: And that ethic has been passed down through the generations. And so the public, you know, whether they're Democratic or Republican, tend to have a sort of gut reaction against the government doing the kinds of things that are involved here.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Unfortunately, you know, you have to live with -- if you want your freedom, which I like, I'll live with a little bit of a threat of something happening. So...
ROTH: The heated debate on the homefront has made Americans reflect on what kind of country they want. The U.S. Supreme Court may have to be the final arbiter of what they get.
Richard Roth, CNN, New York. (END VIDEOTAPE)
CLANCY: Still ahead right here on YOUR WORLD TODAY, we're going to have more on the story of the face transplant patient.
GORANI: Now that the world has seen her, has the initial ethical dilemma subsided? And what are the psychological effects of this type of procedure? We'll be speaking with a plastic surgeon coming up.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
DINOIRE (through translator): There is no comparison between the face I have today and the one I had seven months ago. Quite different.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
GORANI: Dramatic changes, as you can see there, in the appearance of the woman who received the first partial face transplant.
Welcome back to YOUR WORLD TODAY here on CNN International.
I'm Hala Gorani.
Isabelle Dinoire's face was seriously disfigured after a dog attack she barely remembers today. And now she faces the world with a whole new look, but what is the psychological impact on the patient?
Joining us now is Dr. Jack Culbertson, plastic surgeon at Emory Long Hospital.
Thanks so much, doctor, for being with us.
Now, you saw this picture there of Isabelle Dinoire, and the skin coloration, it almost seems like it's part of her face. That's pretty remarkable.
DR. JACK CULBERTSON, PLASTIC SURGEON: It's an excellent job. It's an excellent surgical result at this point. I'm really impressed.
There's no movement, and there's scars, certainly, but it's a nice result. However, there's a lot more involved than just that one surgical procedure.
GORANI: Now, what happens now for Isabelle Dinoire? What does she need to do?
CULBERTSON: Well, she certainly has to have a good deal of psychological counseling and rehabilitation as far as trying to get the muscles to move and to heal in an appropriate fashion. Smoking certainly wouldn't be part of that.
GORANI: And she's taken up smoking again.
CULBERTSON: But she needs to be in a program where that is addressed on a daily basis.
GORANI: Now, you mentioned muscles. And that's interesting, because the lower lip is still sort of hanging there.
CULBERTSON: That's correct.
GORANI: Now, can you work on that?
CULBERTSON: It's relatively inanimate right now. And over a period of months or a year, or even longer, the nerves will have to re-grow and re-innervate those muscles.
GORANI: She's drinking water there. That's...
CULBERTSON: Yes, I -- it seems that way. It's hard for me to evaluate that. I haven't seen her. And this is the first time I've seen her try to do that. So I really can't tell you any more than that.
GORANI: Now, what about psychologically? You've done some reconstructive surgery, facial reconstructive surgery. How do patients recovering from this type of drastic alteration to the way they look recover psychologically?
CULBERTSON: Well, that's difficult to say, because this is experimental surgery. And we really don't know.
Obviously, this is a dramatic change in self-image, so dramatic that it is considered experimental. A comprehensive evaluation of these patients are necessary beforehand, and certainly counseling thereafter.
GORANI: And I was going to ask you that. How do you make the determination that someone is eligible? In other words, that someone can handle waking up one morning with half of their face having belonged to a dead person?
CULBERTSON: Right. Well, this is -- this is why you set up experimental protocols in this sort of situation where you determine appropriate candidates, appropriate psychological profile, and reasonable people to undergo such an expansive kind of procedure that involves expansive surgery and psychological problems.
GORANI: Now, in your experience -- just last question -- and we wish her the best, of course, at this stage -- what could go wrong?
CULBERTSON: Well, at any point this tissue could reject. She has had some problems with rejection that I think occurred about a month after her initial surgery, but there can be rejection issues at any point.
She could lose it. It could die.
CULBERTSON: And several other things.
GORANI: This is a life-long effort to really...
CULBERTSON: Life-long effort. She's at an increased risk for cancer and various other problems. But it's exciting seeing some kind of innovation like this, but with some reservation.
GORANI: All right. Dr. Jack Culbertson of Emory Long Hospital, a plastic surgeon here in Atlanta.
Thanks so much for joining us here on CNN.
CLANCY: We're going to take a short break. We'll be right back.
Up next, some courtroom drama. The only person charged in connection with the September 11 attacks had some choice words for the judge. You'll hear them, too, when we come back.
DARYN KAGAN, CNN ANCHOR: I'm Daryn Kagan at CNN Center in Atlanta. More of YOUR WORLD TODAY in just a few minutes. First, though, a check on stories making headlines in the U.S.
Some dramatic moments this morning as jury selection gets under way for Zacarias Moussaoui. The 37-year-old Frenchman has already admitted to being part of al Qaeda's plans to plow airliners into U.S. landmarks, but he says he did not know about the specific 9/11 plans and therefore he shouldn't be executed.
CNN's Jeanne Meserve was the television pool reporter inside the courtroom when Moussaoui had an outburst.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
JEANNE MESERVE, CNN HOMELAND SECURITY CORRESPONDENT: He said, "I do not want to be represented by these people. These people do not represent me."
The judge sent the marshals over to take him out of the courtroom. He was already standing at this point in time. He has been standing while he made his remarks.
He put his hands on top of his head as he was escorted out of the courtroom and he made it clear he was not resisting. And he said, "They are not my lawyers. I am al Qaeda. They do not represent me. They are Americans."
And as he exited the courtroom, he said, "This trial is a circus." (END VIDEO CLIP)
KAGAN: Jury selection alone is expected to take about a month.
Get ready for the debate about your tax dollars and how they should be spent. It's budget time in Washington.
President Bush sent Congress his $2.7 trillion spending plan this morning. And you are looking at the handoff. The budget blueprint includes some big increases for the military and homeland security, but it puts a squeeze on some other government programs, including Medicare.
The president attended the ceremonial swearing in of new Federal Reserve chief Ben Bernanke this morning. Bernanke is vowing to do his best at fighting inflation and helping the economy grow. He says he looks forward to a strong relationship with Congress.
Bernanke goes to Capitol Hill next week to deliver the Fed's first report on the economy for this year.
Hundreds of mourners are braving the freezing rain in Atlanta to pay their respects to Coretta Scott King. The civil rights matriarch is lying in honor at the church where her husband, Martin Luther King Jr., preached for years in Atlanta.
And we're looking at live pictures from there as people have come from around the country to view Mrs. King's body at the church. Many mourners are gathered across the street to hear a musical tribute.
Her close friend, Oprah Winfrey, visited the casket earlier today. Tomorrow is Mrs. King's funeral. President Bush and former President Clinton plan to attend.
Coal mine operators across the country are being urged to taken a hour-long break today to talk about safe mining practices. A hundred federal officials are in West Virginia to promote mine safety. Sixteen West Virginia miners have died in accidents since the first of the year.
Firefighters in southern California are responding to a fast- moving fine in the Cleveland National Forest. Let's take a look at the latest images we have from the scene in Orange County. That's where local reports say hundreds of acres may have already burned. What sparked the fire is unknown as of now, but winds up to 29 miles an hour are making it harder for firefighters.
We will keep monitoring the situation there near San Diego.
Will those winds let up anytime soon? Let's check in on today's forecast with meteorologist Jacqui Jeras -- Jacqui.
KAGAN: Pittsburgh fans will tell you they bleed black and gold. So it was a super night in Steel Town after the Steelers finally won one for the fans (ph).
The team picked up its fifth Super Bowl win, defeating Seattle 21-10. Steelers receiver Hines Ward was voted the most valuable player. And Ben Roethlisberger, at age 23, is the youngest quarterback to win a Super Bowl.
They players get a towel-twirling welcome home at a parade tomorrow in Pittsburgh. That is going to be a good time.
I'm Daryn Kagan. YOUR WORLD TODAY continues after a quick break.
CLANCY: To our viewers in the United States and around the world, welcome back to YOUR WORLD TODAY on CNN International. I'm Jim Clancy.
GORANI: I'm Hala Gorani. Here are some of the top stories we're following for you this hour.
The recipient of the first partial face transplant, there she is, said she wants to lead a normal life and hopes this procedure will help other people. Isabelle Dinoire revealed herself during a news conference in France. She said she remembered very little of the dog attack that disfigured her in the first place. Dinoire still needs physical and psychological therapy.
CLANCY: The top U.S. attorney is defending a controversial surveillance program before the U.S. Senate. Alberto Gonzales says it's both necessary and legal to spy on American citizens without court approval. He says the program is a vital tool in the war on terror. Critics say it violates the Constitution and tramples on civil liberties.
GORANI: Protests over editorial cartoons of the Prophet Mohammad, first published in Denmark, continue in cities around the world. Among the latest in Tehran, Iran, about 200 people pelted the Austrian Embassy with stones and firecrackers. Austria currently holds the presidency of the European Union.
And Lebanon apologizing to Denmark today after thousands of protesters ransacked and then torched the Danish mission in Beirut.
Also a target, the Danish embassy in Kabul. Clashes between demonstrators and Afghan police in a nearby city left at least one person dead. There were protests in India, as well.
Senior international correspondent Satinder Bindra has our story.
SATINDER BINDRA, CNN SR. INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT (voice- over): The violence and controversy over a cartoon of the Prophet Mohammad is spreading to South Asia.
Police in India's capital, New Dehli, fired tear gas and water cannons to try to stop dozens of student protesters, but the demonstrators continued shouting slogans, their anger stoked by the decision of several newspapers to rerun cartoons depicting caricatures of the Prophet Mohammad, first printed last September in Denmark.
"We'll not turn back," he says. "The Danish embassy will have to be closed down."
These protesters, like many other Muslims, consider any image of Prophet Mohammad to be offensive. Muslims across the world are brothers, he says, and all of us are against the publication of cartoons in Denmark.
In Indian-controlled Kashmir, few, it seems, are buying the argument of newspaper editors who cite freedom of the press as a justification to reprint the cartoons. Stores were shut down and streets in parts of Indian -controlled Kashmir were deserted, all part of a silent protest Monday.
The mood was different in neighboring Afghanistan, where police chased hundreds of protesters on the streets of the country's capital, Kabul. Despite the heavy police presence, though, the protesters threw stones and banged on the doors of the Danish embassy. Others indulged in random violence.
From Afghanistan to other parts of Asia, like Thailand and New Zealand, many Muslims are complaining their religious sensitivities have been hurt. In Auckland, 700 protesters marched through the streets after two local newspapers reprinted the cartoons.
The world's leading Islamic body, the Organization of the Islamic Conference, warned such protests are getting out of control. Other Muslim leaders say such actions convey a distorted image of Islam and it's time for European Union members and the Arab world to unite to preach peace.
Satinder Bindra, CNN, New Dehli.
CLANCY: It's 12:35 in Washington right now, and the U.S. Senate committee that has been hearing and questioning the U.S. Attorney General Alberto Gonzales has taken a recess for lunch. But it got pretty heated in there. You see Patrick Leahy, the Democrat senator that serves on the committee there, the attorney general.
The whole issue here -- and the committee members have been saying, that they, too, want the U.S. to have good surveillance of any al Qaeda suspects in the United States. But the whole question is why the Bush administration did not ask for the kind of help that it would need in order to do that legally in order to obtain warrants, if necessary, from special courts that were set up.
And that's where the debate has really been. Some of the senators expressing dissatisfaction with the way the White House has gone forward on this and with the answers of the attorney general this day. We'll bring you more on that when it comes in. But one of the big questions people looking on on all of this have been asking is, so once any phones have been tapped and all the e-mails have been intercepted, what is it exactly that the government is really looking for?
Kelly Wallace does some digging to find out how terrorists try to communicate under the radar.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: They intercepted a call to DEMA (ph) from an American.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Get out of town!
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The problem is, we can't listen to it.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Says who?
KELLY WALLACE, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Hollywood's take on supersensitive spying by the National Security Agency on American citizens, a program so secret no one in the know will talk about it, so we had to rely on experts like Ira Winkler, a former NSA analyst turned computer security guru who wrote the book "Spies Among Us: How to Stop Spies, Terrorists, Hackers and Criminals You Don't Even Know You Encounter Every Day."
Winkler says to avoid detection, bad guys might scramble data before it's transmitted.
IRA WINKLER, AUTHOR, "SPIES AMONG US": A nice simple file like this looks like that.
WALLACE: Other ways would-be terrorist try to fly below the radar online? Hiding data inside a picture, setting up free e-mail accounts -- numerous providers offer these -- and using codes to communicate.
WINKLER: There's just so much data out there, that it's almost impossible to find the right people that you're looking for just randomly.
WALLACE: Like Winkler, Rebecca Givner-Forbes spends her days monitoring the Internet. She's an analyst with the Terrorism Research Center. Her specialty, jihadist Web sites and chat rooms.
REBECCA GIVNER-FORBES, TERRORISM RESEARCH CENTER: This particular discussion thread has an amateur aspiring jihadist asking for help with his explosives recipe.
WALLACE: She says it's hard to know if a posting is coming from inside or outside the United States.
GIVNER-FORBES: The software that they use, these message forums, allows for private messaging between members through the Web site. So they never even have to do so much as give out an e-mail address. UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I'm going to bounce this call through nine different relay stations throughout the world and off two satellites.
WALLACE: Hackers, in the movie "Sneakers," show just what the NSA may be up against when it comes to monitoring phone calls. Adding to the challenge, Winkler says, terrorists taking advantage of disposable cell phones and specialized telephone cards that can't be easily traced.
WINKLER: I can walk into any store and buy a card like this and then I can plug it into this phone that I bring with me all over the place and that card is basically good anywhere in the world.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Find out where the phone was when it received the signal.
WALLACE: But as we see in "E-Ring," NBC's drama set inside the Pentagon, surveillance is just one part of the mission. Figuring out what it all means may be even more difficult.
(on camera): And that's a real life challenge for the NSA, no matter how the debate ends over the legality of its eavesdropping on American citizens.
Kelly Wallace, CNN, New York.
GORANI: An international manhunt is under way after the escape Friday of 23 prisoners from a Yemeni prison. At least 13 of the escapees are convicted al Qaeda terrorists involved in attacks on U.S. on French ships.
Tim Lister has this report on the escape and why international authorities are now so worried.
TIM LISTER, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): The man convicted of masterminding the bombing of the USS Cole, Jamal Ahmed Badawi, was sentenced to death in September 2004. A Yemeni court subsequently commuted that sentence to 15 years in prison. Now he's on the run after a dramatic escape through a 150-yard tunnel out of prison in the Yemeni capital, Sanaa.
The suicide attack against the USS Cole, in the port of Aden in 2000, killed 17 U.S. sailors.
Also among the 23 who escaped, Fawaz Yakya (ph) Al-Rabeei, who had been sentenced to death. He was convicted of involvement in the attack four years ago on the French tanker Lindbergh as it traveled through the Red Sea. The attack killed one crew member, and the gash in the ship leaked 90,000 barrels of oil.
Interpol says 13 of the escapes are members of al Qaeda. In a statement from his headquarters in France, the agency warns, "Unless the world community commits itself to tracking them down, they will be able to travel internationally, to elude detection and to engage in future terrorist activity."
On CNN's "LATE EDITION," U.S. Senator Barbara Boxer said Yemen had questions to answer.
SEN. BARBARA BOXER (D), CALIFORNIA: I feel that it really does underscore the fact that we're in a global war against terrorism. And if we have so-called allies is in the world that are saying they want to help us, and yet how does 23 people, you know, quote-unquote escape? It raises some terribly difficult questions.
LISTER: Yemen has had mixed results in tackling al Qaeda. Much of the country is inaccessible, and clan loyalties often stronger than the authority of the central government. Four years ago, a wanted al Qaeda operative blew himself up as security forces tried to arrest him in Sanaa.
And in November of 2002, a U.S. missile attack in a remote part of Yemen killed six suspected terrorists, including one allegedly involved in the Cole attack. But one man thought to have survived that attack was subsequently released, along with several other al Qaeda defendants, when an appeal court threw out their convictions.
Tim Lister, CNN, Atlanta.
GORANI: Now here in Atlanta, there's a second chance to pay final respects to Coretta Scott King.
Coming up, we're going to have more on the multi-day memorial to really a civil rights icon in this country. Plus, we'll have a look at Mexico's holistic clinics, like the one where she died. Her family says they were surprised.
Stay with us.
CLANCY: Thousands of people have lined up here in the U.S. city of Atlanta. They are paying final respects to the woman known as the first lady of the civil rights movement, Coretta Scott King. Lying in honor there inside that church, and people lining up for days to see her. This has been going on just almost 18 hours a day for the last several days. Family and friends are gathered together in the Ebenezer Baptist Church, where she is laying in honor, hearing prayers and songs. Ebenezer Church is, of course, where her husband, Martin Luther king, called home.
On Saturday, Mrs. King became the first African-American and first woman to lay in state in Georgia's capitol building. That by an order from the governor.
Notable figures, a black female television star in the United States, has her own show, has been there alongside the family, very visible shows of support coming in from around the country, with many people that look back at Coretta Scott King. At one period in time, they empathize with her sorrow, the tragedy of the assassination of Martin Luther King.
But over the years, they came to recognize this as a woman of strength, a woman that they leaned on and were inspired by her own courage in picking up the cause of the civil rights movement, and standing as a figurehead so many times when that was exactly what was needed. There's also a musical tribute to Coretta Scott King that is going to be taking place as well.
GORANI: All right. And from those live pictures, we take you to this. Mrs. King's death at a Mexican clinic has turned the spotlight on so-called alternative facilities there. She was to begin treatment the day she died. Many Americans who face difficult medical choices have been heading south for treatments they can't find in the United States.
Dan Lothian takes a closer look at that.
DAN LOTHIAN, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Across the border, 16 miles south of San Diego, Michigan army veteran Dick Doletzky put his life in the hands of a small alternative medicine clinic after he was diagnosed with cancer. He was referred by a relative who had been treated there.
DICK DOLETZKY, PATIENT: I've just been in great shape ever since, and I said, if I ever get cancer, that's where I'm going.
LOTHIAN: Santa Monica Health Institute in Rosarito Beach has claimed its holistic approach of magnets, diets and oxygen therapies can heal chronically and terminally ill patients, like those battling cancer. What some call quackery was just the right prescription for Doletzky, who says he's suspicious of traditional treatment and the U.S. health care system.
DOLETZKY: They don't want to cure cancer, it's all money.
LOTHIAN: But here, patients said they were offered hope.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I would have died if they had not taken me.
LOTHIAN: The families of other patients have been less impressed and blame the clinic's unorthodox treatments for hastening deaths of relatives being treated there.
And just days after 78-year-old Coretta Scott King checked in for treatment of advanced ovarian cancer and then died, the Mexican government ordered the facility closed, citing unproven treatments and unauthorized surgeries. The clinic claims the government's action is unrelated to King's death. The founder and director says they are working with the health department to correct any alleged infractions, and he expects the clinic to re-open soon. (on camera): This case puts the spotlight on alternative clinics growing in popularity south of the border. They are often uncontroversial, operating outside of U.S. regulations and oversight, and experts say the claims they make and treatments they offer are sometimes dangerous.
(voice-over): But patients who say they've exhausted all traditional treatment like chemotherapy and radiation or have lost faith in those therapies say they're willing to take the risk.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: They know what they're doing. They're saving lives.
LOTHIAN: And in this case, they seem unaware of or unfazed by the criminal record of the clinic's founder, 72-year-old Kurt Donsbach. Among the list of charges and accusations, court records show he pleaded guilty to federal charges a decade ago, of smuggling illegal medications into the U.S. from Mexico. And Donsbach, who has no medical degree, was charged by authorities in California during the '70s for practicing medicine without a license.
For now, his Mexico operation is closed, patients told to find other facilities. But it's clear more and more Americans will keep traveling south of the border, hoping to find the miracle cure.
Dan Lothian, CNN, Boston.
GORANI: They're trained for many things.
CLANCY: From war to search and rescue, now they're turning their attention to the Olympics. We'll have a look at Italy's Alpini when we return.
CLANCY: They were the men with all of the moves on the field at halftime and a lot of respect. They brought the first life to that game, The Super Bowl, The Rolling Stones scoring some big points with the audience, performing three really big hits including "Satisfaction" to close it all out. This was all at the American football extravaganza known as The Super Bowl.
GORANI: Now, as for the actual game, the Pittsburgh Steelers got their long awaited one for the thumb, winning their fifth NFL Championship title. The last one was in 1980. Pittsburgh defeated the Seattle Seahawks 21-10 in Super Bowl XL.
CLANCY: It got a little bit dull at times. Some people thought they should put Keith Richards down in there as quarterback on one of the teams. The big game, most watched even on U.S. television. An estimated 140 million Americans tuned in. European football fans notably did not.
It also had some of the world's most expensive commercials. Consider this, Hala, 30 seconds, what do you think it cost for a 30 second commercial.
GORANI: I have it right in front of me. I will say $2.5 million.
CLANCY: That's five million dollars a minute. Let's move on
Another sports story, The Olympics. Can you have a Winter Olympics without the snow.
GORANI: You'll have a hard time. The problem is, there hasn't been much of it in the Torino area.
CLANCY: That's right. Making sure the skiers can go down the slopes and enjoy it and have a good competition is one of the jobs now for an Italian Army unit called The Alpini.
GORANI: Alessio Vinci is there, and he sent us this report.
ALESSIO VINCI, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): They're trained for war. Although here they're practicing for their own shooting competition. And they're trained for search and rescue operations in case of avalanches or worse. But this time, The Alpini have a different mission, preparing the terrain for alpine skiing competition, securing safety nets all along the slopes and removing obstacles that at high speeds could prove fatal.
(on camera): During the down hill race, skiers fly down this slope at over 100 kilometers per hour. At such break neck speeds, the preparation of slope is as important as the athletes' training. A bump or an icy patch in the wrong place could have dire consequences.
(voice-over): Bode Miller knows it well, although, on this occasion, he managed to walk away on his own, it is not always that way.
COL. GIOVANNI MANIONE, 3RD ALPINE REGIMENT: There might be huge risks. From the safety point of view, if the nets are not well laid down and they left some holes on the bottom, that might cause serious danger and injuries to the athletes.
VINCI: Should that happen, The Alpini are just as ready to help. Colonel Manione led his men in several war zone, Kosovo, and more recently, Afghanistan.
MANIONE: In fact, in Afghanistan, we're doing the same job we are doing here. We are working for the spirit of peace. Although technically it's different. Spiritually, it's exactly the same thing.
VINCI: A spirit world athletes will surely appreciate. Alessio Vinci, CNN, Suissere (ph), Italy.
CLANCY: Turning back to a serious note, our top story, that face transplant, from our in-box, we've been asking you this.
GORANI: Seeing Isabelle Dinoire and her face, has that made you change your view of facial transplants. Here are some of your replies.
CLANCY: Paul from Pennsylvania says, "The medical advances are impressive, but we don't yet know the psychological impact. A face transplant is a constant reminder of someone who has passed."
GORANI: Heather from Alabama wrote this. "A face transplant is an opportunity to restore a Vital part of one's identity. Let's hope any future operations like this are equally successful."
CLANCY: Daniel writes from Romania, "A universal human right refers to the right to live in physical and psychological integrity. This right fully covers the face transplant issue, legally and ethically."
That has to be it for our report this day. Thanks everybody. I'm Jim Clancy.
I'm Hala Gorani. Stay with CNN.
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