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Presidential Election One Day Away; Daylight Saving Time Explained

Aired November 5, 2012 - 04:00:00   ET


CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: You`ve got one day before the U.S. chooses its leader for the next four years. You`ve got one hour of extra sleep thanks to a time switch, and we`ve got one show that will bring you coverage of both events in the next ten minutes. Welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS.


BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: After four years as president, you know me.


OBAMA: You may not agree with every decision I`ve made, you may at times have been frustrated by the pace of change, but you know what I believe. You know where I stand. You know I tell the truth. And you know I`ll fight for you and your families every single day.

MITT ROMNEY, REPUBLICAN PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: The same path we`re on means $20 trillion in debt in four years. It means crippling unemployment continues. It means stagnant take home pay, depressed home values. And a devastated military.

OBAMA: Our fight goes on, Virginia, because -- because we know this nation can`t succeed without a growing, thriving middle class.

Our fight goes on because America`s always done best when everybody has a fair shot. And everybody is doing their fair share, and everybody is playing by the same rules.

ROMNEY: If you believe we can do better ...


ROMNEY: If you believe America should be on a better course ...


ROMNEY: If you are tired of being tired ...


ROMNEY: Then I ask you to vote and work for real change, because Paul Ryan and I are going to bring real change to America from the day one.


AZUZ: If you think there were a lot of stops on that map, it`s not even the half of it. Ohio, Wisconsin, Virginia, Colorado, Iowa, New Hampshire, Florida, Pennsylvania -- the candidates are campaigning hard in states that could go either way tomorrow. One of the things that we are talking about this weekend was a report that came out on Friday. It said the U.S. economy added 171,000 jobs in October. But that the nation`s unemployment rate went up slightly, to 7.9 percent. The candidates focused on different parts of that report. President Obama referred to the added jobs and said it shows that the economy is improving. Governor Romney looked at the unemployment rate and said it shows the economy is at a standstill. The CNN election center is packed with interactive resources that can help you get geared up for election day. Check this out.


MANAV TANNEERU, SENIOR PRODUCER, CNN.COM: This is Manav Tanneeru, I`m a senior producer at CNN.COM. And I`m here to tell you about a couple of features we have at out Web site, that might help you get a better idea about the election that`s coming around. One of them is what we call the CNN electoral map. It allows you to game out the presidential race by assigning different states to different candidates. The point of it is, to see who gets the 270 electoral votes first. Now, after you make your selection and you come with a prediction, you can share with the family and friends, the social media, email, different methods.

Another feature we have is called the CNN Campaign Explorer. We work with Google on this feature. And it shows you different types of data. It allows you to take a glance at fundraising data, ad spending data, candidate travel, and also polling. The last feature we have is our polling interactive. It shows you CNN poll of polls for the national race and different battleground states like Ohio, and Florida and Colorado and Nevada. States you have heard a lot about in this presidential election.


AZUZ: It`s been one week since the storm Sandy hit land. You`ve seen pictures of the devastation, but what`s incredible, is to compare it to what these areas looked like before the storm. Like this New Jersey Pier, before totally intact, after parts of it just ripped away. We are seeing these kinds of before and after images from up and down the coast. Originally, analysts were predicting that Sandy might cause $10 billion to $20 billion in damages. Now, they are estimating between 30 and 50 billion. The victims of these storm are dealing with all kinds of challenges, some things are starting to get back to normal. For example, New York City`s public schools are opening back up today. But millions of people still didn`t have power yesterday. No power means no heat, and with the temperature dropping New York officials say tens of thousands of people will have to find other housing options. Gasoline has also been in short supply. The U.S. Defense Department is planning to bring more in, but some residents have stood in line for hours waiting to fill up.


UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We saw the truck pulling here, we are like, get the cans out, because it`s better than waiting in the car.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I ran out of gas, looking for gas. So I walked here.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Right now, I`m just kind of waiting it out. I think in a few more days, hopefully, there will be fuel and all the stuff will ease up.


AZUZ: New York City`s subway tunnels were flooded during the storm. System is coming back online, but when Jason Carroll went to look at the damage with the subway official, he found out some sections still need a lot of work.


JASON CARROLL, CNN CORRESPONDENT: What is it exactly that you`ll be doing down here, because this is in the area clearly were you are working now. I mean it`s ...

FRANK JEZYCKI, CHIEF INFRASTRUCTURE OFFICER, MTA: Well, the station complex itself will require a significant rehabilitation due to the damage from the storm. The infrastructure -- the electrical systems, the fare collection systems. The lighting systems. The stairways, the ventilation systems, the elevators, the escalators, they are all pretty much ruined from the water damage, from the surge damage.


UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Today`s "Shoutout" goes out to Ms. Holt`s classes at Westbrook Walnut Grove High School in Westbrook, Minnesota. During which war did the U.S. first practice daylight-saving time? Here we go, was it the Civil War, World War One, Spanish-American War or World War II? You`ve got three seconds, go!

The U.S. first observed daylight saving time during World War I. That`s your answer and that`s your "Shoutout."


AZUZ: But the idea of daylight saving goes back further than that. Back in the 1700s, Ben Franklin suggested getting up earlier in order to use fewer candles. So that covers the who and the when. As for why and where this happens around the world, here is Reynolds Wolf.


REYNOLDS WOLF, CNN CORRESPONDENT: This is not a complex issue. Daylight saving is basically self-explanatory, it`s saving daylight.

Originally, daylight saving was one of those things where it was -- originally for agrarian societies, it was to use the -- get the most use out of as much daylight as you possibly could. It was certainly helpful with farmers, certainly helpful with fisherman. But then later, in later years it actually began -- daylight saving was actually practiced for the sole purpose of really saving energy.

We`ve been following daylight saving time in the United States for quite a while. It really first became official back during World War I for the sake of growing extra food for troops overseas. It was brought back for World War II. But recently, it was the Energy Policy Act of 2005 that was the real difference maker that made it more of a formal type of exercise that has been basically followed by every state in the United States with a few exceptions that, being, of course, Arizona, Hawaii, U.S. Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico and the American Samoa.

Internationally, it`s kind of a hodgepodge around the globe. If you took a look at the planet, and you were to light up places that were experiencing daylight saving, you`d see really just a hop, skip and a jump from one continent to the other. It`s kind of varied where you happen to go.

There are some places, I can tell you in Africa where there are many spots they don`t practice it. There are many places, obviously, in parts of Asia. Europe, though, practices it for the most part.

OK, now we are getting to the nitty-gritty stuff. This is the stuff that drives people crazy. To me, it`s daylight saving. It`s a verb, it`s something we are doing. We are saving daylight. Savings is a noun, that`s something that you have in the bank. Obviously, we are using the verb.

It`s very possible that at some point we may indeed get rid of daylight saving time, but for the time being, it is certainly here, and something we got to deal with, for better or for worse.


AZUZ: On Halloween, a 14-year old in Oregon elected to fight the bitterness of politics with a sweet political costume. He went out as a ballot box, the left side was for Obama, the right side for Romney. His neighbors voted by putting candy in the side they like more. And they could vote multiple times. So, no matter who got the most votes, this kid won. He said there was a five percent margin of error for any candy he ate while trick-or-treating, not to mention the fact that he wanted people to vote early and vote often, to totally stuff the ballot box. To sweeten the pot for their favorite candy dip.

There is no real harm in it, though, when you think about it. The only potential corruption could have been to his teeth.

We hope you answer the door when CNN STUDENT NEWS knocks again tomorrow. See you then.