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CIA Director Resigns Over Extramarital Affair; Update on Malala; Veterans Day in the United States

Aired November 12, 2012 - 04:00:00   ET


CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Glad you`re starting your new week with CNN STUDENT NEWS. My name is Carl Azuz. We are going to start today at the top of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. That organization, the CIA, will be getting a new director, because the previous one resigned. On Friday, Director David Petraeus turned in his resignation and admitted to cheating on his wife. This all started with an FBI investigation into emails being sent by the woman who wrote Petraeus` biography. The investigation turned up other emails that revealed the CIA director`s affair.

Some congressional leaders, both Democrats and Republicans, have raised questions about why they were not told about the investigation sooner, since it could have had an impact on national security. The name David Petraeus might be familiar to you. At different times, he was the commander of U.S. forces in both Iraq and Afghanistan. He became CIA director in September of last year, after he officially left the military.


JONATHAN MANN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: I`m Jonathan Mann, with another political jargon buster. What is the fiscal cliff? It is shorthand for the potential economic disaster that`s facing Washington. In real terms, it`s the $7 trillion in spending cuts and tax increases scheduled to go into effect the beginning of January. President and members of Congress set the deadline themselves last year after they failed to agree on how to reduce the U.S. debt. Now, time is almost up, and Democrats and Republicans remain far apart on a deal that would reduce the deficit, reform the tax system and U.S. entitlement programs like Social Security, Medicare and Medicaid. Analysts warn if there is no agreement, it could cripple the U.S. economy and drive up unemployment. Will the political standoff turn into an economic disaster? U.S. politicians hope to avoid running off the fiscal cliff.


AZUZ: As they work to avoid running off that cliff, one of the other things that politicians will focus on is how much money Americans pay in taxes. For anyone making less than $250,000 a year, Republicans and Democrats want tax rates to stay the same, to stay where they are, but when it comes to those who make more than $250,000, President Obama says they should pay more in taxes. Republican leaders, like House Speaker John Boehner say they don`t want anyone`s taxes to go up.


BAN KI-MOON, U.N. SECRETARY GENERAL: Education is a fundamental human right. It is a pathway to development, tolerance and global citizenship. Join us in our campaign to put education first, for Malala and girls and boys throughout the world.


AZUZ: All right. You heard U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon mention the name Malala. He was talking about Malala Yousufzai. She is the Pakistani teenager who was shot by the Taliban because she stood up for education rights for girls. Her efforts and the attack on her gained international attention, and the United Nations declared November 10 as Malala Day. In her home country of Pakistan, people marked the day by lighting candles and holding vigils in Malala`s honor. Meanwhile, she isn`t in her home country. After the attack, Malala was transported to a hospital in England for special treatment. Dan Rivers tells us how recovery is going.


DAN RIVERS, CNN CORRESPONDENT: It is staggering to see Malala Yousufzai out of bed, with her father looking through some of the thousands of get-well cards she`s received. It`s exactly a month since she was shot at pointblank range by Taliban gunmen for her campaign for girls education in Pakistan.

Despite the bullet passing through her head and neck, she is able to talk. Doctors at Birmingham`s Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Britain are still assessing the extent of the brain damage. Her only visitors so far have been her immediate family.

ZIAUDDIN YOUSUFZAI, MALALA`S FATHER: I`m awfully thankful to all peace-loving well wishers of Malala Yousufzai, who strongly condemn the assassination attempt on Malala, who pray for her health, and who support the great cause of Malala Yousufzai, that is peace, education, freedom of thought and freedom of expression.

RIVERS: The cards have come from all over the world. This one from Myanmar or Burma. Some are signed by entire households, some by entire offices. Her story has touched people around the world. And there is now an Internet campaign for Malala to win the Nobel Peace Prize. She`s yet to undergo surgery for her skull and jaw in Britain, but judging by these pictures, she is in very good hands, surprising everyone with her determination to recover.

Dan Rivers, CNN, London.


AZUZ: Americans celebrated Veterans Day yesterday, honoring the men and women who`ve served in the U.S. armed forces. Events and parades like this on in Atlanta took place across the country. President Obama was part of the wreath laying ceremony at Arlington National Cemetery. During a speech afterward, he talked about America`s commitment to those who have served.


BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE U.S.: Each year, on the 11th day of the 11th month, we pause as a nation and as a people to pay tribute to you, to thank you, to honor you, the heroes over the generations who have served this country of ours with distinction.


AZUZ: The Purple Heart is America`s oldest military medal. It is awarded to men and women who have been killed or wounded in action against an enemy of the United States. Now, over time, some of the Purple Hearts that had been awarded had been lost, but there is one National Guardsman who is trying to get some of these medals returned back home.


BARBARA MACNEVIN, DAUGHTER OF PURPLE HEART RECEPIENT: My dad, Ralph W. Bingham (ph). He was the veteran of the first world war, the big war. He lost his right leg fighting in France, and he received a Purple Heart for that. We had it for many years in my home, where I grew up.

ROBERT MACNEVIN, GRANDSON OF PURPLE HEART RECEPIENT: Unbeknownst to us, it was lost in some manner in one his moves later in his life.

CAPT. ZACHARIAH FIKE, U.S. ARMY: I found Private Ralph W. Bingham`s medal on Craigslist. This has been the calling of mine for about the last three years. I locate lost or stolen medals. These are all the Purple Hearts that I`m currently working. Some I`ve located to families, some I haven`t.

I do these on my own time. I don`t consider it a hobby. It`s more of a calling and an honor. I myself have a Purple Heart. It hangs on the wall in my mother`s home, and I would hope that one day, if my medal was lost, someone would do the same thing for me and my family.

It is truly an honor to bring Private Bingham`s Purple Heart home to his family, and I am again truly humbled by his sacrifice.

It is a great honor to bring home his Purple Heart. Thank you very much.

B. MACNEVIN: The medal means a lot to me, especially, and to our family.

FIKE: I`m glad it is home to where it belongs, and I`ll move on to the next medal.


AZUZ: Imagine creating something that you intend to share with the world, but then it sits on the shelf for more than 60 years. As World War II was winding down, U.S. Army Colonel stationed in the States composed a symphony, but no one ever played it until now.





AZUZ: That was the symphony that Colonel Harold Van Huevelen wrote in 1945. That was the composer himself, listening to the U.S. Army Band perform his peace earlier this month. He`s 93 years old now and traveled across the country for the performance. Colonel Van Huevelen says that the symphony tells the story of the war, and it concludes with the peace that had been announced just before he wrote it. Of course, a lot of us here at CNN STUDENT NEWS offer our thanks to America`s veterans. We`re going to end today`s show with some images from Veterans Day events around the U.S. We`ll see you again tomorrow for more CNN STUDENT NEWS.