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Russia Increases Gas Prices To Ukraine; A Look Into Ashraf Ghani's Presidential Campaign; Leading Women: Sarah Jessica Parker; International Search Crews Still Hopeful To Find MH370
Aired April 1, 2014 - 8:00 ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
KRISTIE LU STOUT, HOST: I'm Kristie Lu Stout in Hong Kong. And welcome to News Stream where news and technology meet.
NATO's secretary general hits out at Russia as foreign ministers discuss a response to the situation in Crimea. We'll show you why it's been so hard to spot any evidence of the missing Malaysia airlines flight on satellite images.
And we look at the best online pranks as the internet marks April Fool's Day.
Russia turns up the heat on Ukraine's new government by raising the price of natural gas. The state run Russian energy giant Gazprom has sharply increased Kiev's rate for fuel as Ukraine struggles to stave off economic collapse.
And now NATO may increase pressure on Russia. Foreign minister, they are meeting in Brussels to discuss responses to Russia's annexation of Crimea and the build-up of Russian forces on the border with eastern Ukraine.
NATO's secretary general says Moscow's moves are unacceptable.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
ANDERS FOGH RASMUSSEN, NATO SECRETARY GENERAL: Unfortunately, I cannot confirm that Russia is withdrawing its troops. This is not what we are seeing. And this massive military buildup can in no way contribute to a deescalation of the situation, a deescalation that we all want to see. So I continue to urge Russia to pull back its troops, live up to its international obligations and engage in a constructive dialogue with Ukraine.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
LU STOUT: Now, Ukraine believes 88,000 Russian troops are at the border. Moscow says the number is much smaller and insists that they are only taking part in military exercises.
Now Germany says Russian President Vladimir Putin has indicated he ordered a partial withdrawal on Monday.
And Russian state media reports that one battalion has returned to its base in the region of Samara.
Now Ukrainian government sources say Russian troops, they are not backing away, just repositioning further north.
Let's go live now to the Ukrainian-Russian border. CNN's Karl Penhaul is there. He joins me now live. And Karl, we've got to talk about these Russian troop movements. Is Russia withdrawing troops somewhat or just repositioning them?
KARL PENHAUL, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Well, it is very difficult to know exactly, Kristie. Because on the other side of the border there, the border is just a few miles that way, the Russian troops are dug in. And so it's difficult for the human eye to spot them from this side of the border. So we have to base ourselves on the intelligence from NATO, from the Pentagon and also base themselves on what the Russians are saying.
But even if Vladimir Putin has withdrawn one battalion from the eastern border of Ukraine around Rostov-on-Don, that's just across on the other side, then that only amounts to about 800 men. That in the context of a troop buildup that could be as high as 88,000 troops, according to the Ukrainian government.
This corner of the northeastern border, the Ukrainian military and the civilian population has been telling us that they don't think there is any change at all, that in fact the Russian troops there are building up, not winding down, that there are tanks there, that there are attack helicopters there as well. And so yesterday, for example, throughout the course of the day, we saw the Ukrainian army building up defensive positions there, not backing away. We saw armored units drawing alongside strategic points along the highway that leads from the border, digging in armored personnel carriers, digging in other armored vehicles and digging in tanks, getting ready for a fight in case Russian soldiers were to roll across the border.
Now one of the Ukrainian soldiers said to us, look, if the Russians do come across, this is likely to be a very uneven fight. His analysis was the Ukrainian military over the last few years has been wound down because of lack of investment, lack of training, but he said here at this border, we are the first line of defense against the Russians if they were to come in. And our order is to turn this whole area into a mass graveyard for all of us.
He says surely we will die fighting to stop the Russian advance. But, you know, we'll take some of them with us.
But it's not only the Ukrainian military on its own, because the civilian population is also responding. And we've seen in many towns and villages in this border area, civilians breaking down into self-defense militias. They say they'll join the army fighting the Russians if the Russians were to come across in guerrilla style wars. You've got barricades here made up of car tires, the militiamen say that they will set those on fire and set up smoke screens if Russian tanks were to roll down this major highway.
They've been storing up bottles and rags as well. They say that they'll turn those in to Molotov cocktails when the time comes. And all around this checkpoint, well, they've been digging trenches as well. And they say that these can be used as a fallback position by the military, or they themselves may try and take on the Russians.
Like I say, the Ukrainians know it would be a very uneven fight if the Russians were to roll in, but they say that they're not going to give up their homeland to any invader, Kristie.
LU STOUT: Karl, just looking at the trench there, looking at the barricade that's been set up, it is clear that Ukrainians are preparing for a possible Russian invasion.
Meanwhile, we know that this NATO meeting is taking place. And foreign ministers, they will pledge support for Ukraine. They will look over and review relations with Russia and issue harshly worded statements perhaps. Will that and the activity there in NATO make any difference on the ground to the people of Ukraine?
PENHAUL: I really don't think so, Kristie, because talking to both the military and the civilians here, they say that they realize that western powers, including America, have no stomach for a fight. Some of them have said that they believe that the western European nations are putting business before their principles.
And so they don't expect any outside help. That's why you see the Ukrainian military, the ones that are willing to fight, using old material, using old hardware but still saying we're going to do this if the Russians come in. That's why we see the civilians joining ranks with them as well.
But they all know that this is going to be a very uneven fight if the Russians come in. They can't depend on anybody's help. But they say that this time, this area here near the eastern border. They say this isn't going to be another Crimea. We're not simply going to surrender and hand over to the Russians. This time, the buck stops here -- Kristie.
LU STOUT: Karl Penhaul, joining me live from the Ukrainian-Russian border, thank you Karl.
Now NATO foreign ministers, they will meet the Ukrainian counterpart later Tuesday in Brussels, but Russia is warning Kiev against integration with NATO.
Russia's foreign ministry says past attempts led to tensions, including a freezing of Russians-Ukrainian political contacts.
Meanwhile, the search continued on Tuesday for Malaysia Airlines Flight 370. The man coordinating this unprecedented operation is warning that the hunt for the missing plane could drag on for a very long time. The search effort is focused on a broad area off the west coast of Australia where authorities believe the plane went down some three weeks ago.
Now international search teams, they are in a race against time hoping to find the so-called black box before batteries powering its location beacon run out.
Kyung Lah explains the challenges of the operation and the urgency of the mission.
KYUNG LAH, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): The race begins now in the electronic hunt for Flight 370. This giant Australian navy ship now heading for the Indian Ocean carrying America's towed pinger locator. It can hear the satellite pings from the black box. The batteries expected to last only about another week. Travel time to the search area, three to four days. But even if they arrive in time, the current search zone may be too big for the device to be useful.
CAPTAIN MARK MATTHEWS, U.S. NAVY: I can search approximately 50 square miles a day. So really, if we're searching for a beacon, and we're living on borrowed time, I need something that is less than 1,000 square miles.
LAH: The search zone is 100 times that. The clock winding down, the search so far has been a frustrating chase of objects spotted from the sky. But when hunted down at sea, the objects turn out to be either fishing equipment or jellyfish.
Planes touched down again with little news.
(on camera): More than 100 personnel and search planes like that one in the air, 1,000 sailors at sea. Those numbers, the prime minister says, will only increase as the search operation intensifies.
TONY ABBOTT, AUSTRALIAN PRIME MINISTER: Thank you so much. Thank you.
LAH (voice-over): Australia's prime minister thanked the search teams working around the clock, saying this is about more than just finding one jet. It's about anyone who flies on a plane.
After dramatically moving the search zone last week, the prime minister says they're now looking in the right spot.
ABBOTT: It's the best information we have. It's the best analysis that we can get. And it's the most professional search that can be mustered.
We are giving it the very best shot we can. And if anyone can find this aircraft, it's us.
LAH: In Malaysia, where families have loudly protested the government's handling of the investigation, a change in an important detail. For weeks, the government said originally this was the time and last words from the cockpit.
RAHMAN: We got the last transmission from the cockpit that says, "All right, good night."
LAH: Now in a statement it says the last spoken words from the cockpit were "Good night, Malaysian 3-7-0."
Kyung Lah, CNN, Perth, Australia.
LU STOUT: As searchers scour the seas, investigators in Malaysia have released the full transcript of what was said between the cockpit and air traffic control. And there was one major discrepancy. Let's get details now from Jim Clancy. He joins me live from Kuala Lumpur there in Malaysia. And Jim, walk us through the transcript and this new final signoff.
JIM CLANCY, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Well, you take a look at the transcripts that's been released and it's two pages long and it's just really routine. That's what jumps out at you. This is the normal dialogue between a crew inside the cockpit of an aircraft as it's getting ready, it's taxiing out on the runway, it's being told, you know, 37 right. It's being told how to get there, what routes to take. It takes off. It requests to ascend to level 350, which means 35,000 feet.
And then everything is normal right up until the last transmission, it's about to Malaysian airspace. And we have an account that comes in with the control tower telling them "good night," and telling them to contact Ho Chi Minh, that would be the Vietnamese tower taking over for them. And then you have simply as Kyung Lah noted there, instead of "all right, good night," you have either the pilot or the co-pilot -- now they say they're not sure which one it was -- it was just "good night Malaysian 370." And that ends it.
What stands out, again, it's routing right up to minutes before this plane made an abrupt course change and headed out of the South China Sea toward the Indian Ocean. And that is the mystery. Why it did that? Who caused the plane to go in that direction? What happened in the cockpit? That is the mystery of Flight 370. And it endures tonight.
Back to you, Kristie.
LU STOUT: And the agony endures for families there in Kuala Lumpur. Let's talk about them.
How are they digesting this transcript and all the latest developments here?
CLANCY: We were told that they were given copies in advance, that they knew what was there. Really, there's not much for them to see. Was it all right, good night? Was it good night Malaysia 370? It doesn't make a lot of difference when you're looking for your loved ones, because it doesn't answer any questions. They want to know where they're loved ones are, they want to know why that instead of traveling to Beijing, this plane turned around and heeled to the opposite side of the world. They're not getting an answer to that. They have not met today with the Malaysian officials. We understand there's going to be a meeting that is held tomorrow. There was no briefing for us today. But a statement was issued.
And in that statement, it said very clearly -- and I think this is what families have been told as well -- that now the investigators are convinced that the maneuvers on board that plane were made by someone -- maybe the pilots, maybe someone else aboard the aircraft -- deliberately. That this was a criminal act -- Kristie.
LU STOUT: Also I wanted to get your thoughts, Jim, on this report out from the Wall Street Journal saying that the search teams, they spend some three days looking in the wrong area, citing lapses in coordination. Your thoughts on this. Were three days wasted in the search effort?
CLANCY: Well, you know, it depends which three days you're talking about, because you know they were trying to do some calculations there in the southern part of the Indian Ocean. They were taking their best calculations, then they said, no wait a minute, we don't think that the plane really could have gone that far because of altitude and air speed. And so they adjusted the search area. You could say that those days were wasted, but I'm not sure that it's really something you can criticize someone for. They were doing their best.
But if you go all the way back, all the way back to that March 8, that Saturday, there was military radar in Malaysia that showed this plane heeling and turning and going to the Indian Ocean 90 minutes after takeoff. And Kristie, we searched the South China Sea where this plane was no where close to there. We searched that for seven days at the outset of all of this.
The Vietnamese gave in tips, the Chinese sent satellite photos, everybody was contributing something, ships were going back and forth, but we were looking in entirely the wrong place.
Now, in defense of the Malaysians, they say we couldn't be sure about that radar data. We had to give it to the NTSB and the FAA, the Americans, essentially, to analyze it. And it was only after six, almost seven full days that we turned around and said the plane is not here. Search somewhere else -- the Indian Ocean.
Back to you.
LU STOUT: Jim, thank you so much for that reminder of that search that was taking place earlier in the South China Sea. You've been on this story since the very beginning. Always, always appreciate your perspective. Thank you so much.
Jim Clancy joining us live from Kuala Lumpur.
You're watching News Stream. And horrific attacks in northeastern Nigeria. A human rights group says 700 people were killed in the first two months of this year alone. What Nigeria's government is doing to stop the violence when we come back.
And the French telecom's company is hit by a spate of employee suicides again. We take a closer look at what's happening at Orange.
LU STOUT: A humanitarian nightmare is unfolding in northeastern Nigeria. Now these three provinces have been under a state of emergency since May. Government forces are battling the militant islamist group Boko Haram. But as Vladimir Duthiers reports, the groups' attacks on civilians only becoming more brutal.
VLADIMIR DUTHIERS, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Early morning in February, sleeping students at Federal Government College in northeast Nigeria wake up to a nightmare. Armed assailants have crept onto campus at the remote school in Yobe State, locked the dormitories and set them on fire. Those trying to escape are shot, or have their throats slit.
When it's over, at least 43 boys between the ages of 15 and 20 are dead.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Four hour period of killings and massacre. There were no (inaudible) around the contain the situation.
DUTHIERS: Female students are left unharmed, told to go home, get married and abandon western education. Only the charred bodies of the young men are left behind.
Authorities say this was another brazen attack by the jihadist group Boko Haram, whose name means western education is forbidden. The group's aim, to establish Islamic law.
TISEKE KASAMBALA, HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH, SOUTHERN AFRICA: It is increasingly monstrous in the past two months or so what we've seen is increasingly vicious attacks by Boko Haram in remote villages, schools, and businesses.
DUTHIERS: Human Rights Watch says in the first two months of the year, Boko Haram has killed more than 700 people in northeastern Nigeria. Young girls abducted, entire villages razed to the ground, residents killed in firebomb attacks, shot, or hacked to death.
KASAMBALA: We have seen almost 470,000 people displaced in the northeastern part of Nigeria and another 60,000 fleeing the borders.
DUTHIERS: To fight the terror threat, President Goodluck Jonathan declared a state of emergency in three northeastern states back in May. Earlier this year, he sacked his military chiefs and appointed a new defense minister.
The military frequently sends out press statements boasting they've captured or killed dozens of terrorists, but critics say they aren't doing enough, because the carnage continues.
TOLU OGUNLESI, JOURNALIST: The army comes out to say, oh look we just smashed two camps. The next day, there's an attack not on a school, not on a village, on an army base.
DUTHIERS: The almost weekly reports of militant attacks usually occur in the northeast, one of Nigeria's poorest regions, far from the multinational businesses in Lagos and the oil fields of the delta, which provide so much wealth to so few.
The names of the victims, or their families, are ever rarely released.
OGUNLESI: No names, no faces, no lives. It gives you a sense of how -- how we value human life. Without the name, you know, we make people subhuman.
DUTHIERS: Nameless, faceless victims, their lives lost while simply going to a market, to school, or sleeping in their beds. Its' a campaign of terror that many feel the government cannot contain.
Vladimir Duthiers, CNN, Lagos.
LU STOUT: Now the city of Tamura is about 20 kilometers from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant in Japan. And for the first time in more than three years, residents of the small district of Myakogi are being allowed to go home.
They were evacuated after the March 2011 earthquake and tsunami that triggered a meltdown at three of the nuclear plant's reactors. Nearly 140,000 people were forced to leave and now about 350 residents of the district are returning. The first time a zone so close to the plant has been reopened.
But there are still concerns about radiation and the multi-billion dollar cleanup effort continues.
Coming up next right here on News Stream, a perplexing pattern of suicides among employees at the French telecom firm Orange. And it's not the first time.
LU STOUT: Coming to you live from Hong Kong, you're back watching News Steam.
Now there are growing concerns about the work environment at one leading French telecommunications company. So far this year, 10 employees have killed themselves, that's what senior international correspondent Jim Bittermann reports this isn't the first spate of employee suicides at the company.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE (through translator): My mom gave him a book entitled "The Art of Therapy" so that he could relax.
JIM BITTERMANN, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Nicolas Foucher's family says he never talked about suicide, but they say he was having trouble at work and one day last January he threw himself in front of a train.
ANNE MARIE SERVILLA, SISTER OF NICOLAS FOUCHER (through translator): I understand his gesture, even though I don't accept it, because he had reached his limit.
BITTERMANN: The 42-year-old Foucher worked here not far from Paris's Champs Elysees at the offices at Orange, the privatized version of the French telephone company, which has about 100,000 employees.
His death might not have attracted much notice if it had not been part of a pattern of suicide by Orange employees. Since the beginning of the year, Foucher is one of 10 workers at the company who have taken their own lives, a suicide rate which is far higher than the national average for France, which already has one of the highest suicide rates in the world.
What's more, this is not the first time there has been a rash of suicides at the company. At 2008 and 2009, after 35 suicides at Orange, the CEO resigned and remains under criminal investigation for what were described by investigators as his brutal management methods and harassment, something the CEO denies.
"Under government pressure, our worker management surveillance committee was created to address the problems, which the committee found relate mostly to the ongoing reorganization plans at Orange."
While experts say there may be multiple reasons that a person might take his own life, the committee found that eight of 10 of the most recent suicides directly related to work. Workers like Yves Minguy who went through the privatization of the telephone company says he very nearly committed suicide himself, he was so depressed.
YVES MINGUY, ORANGE EMPLOYEE (through translator): I found myself (inaudible), through to one side as we say in France, that is I was pushed into changing my profession. They removed all my tasks, all my work, and you find yourself during a certain period of time without work, without order, without vision. And that generates depression and illness.
BITTERMANN: Other workers have complained about the constant threat of layoffs or reassignment to jobs far different in location or function than originally assigned.
CNN has repeatedly offered Orange the chance to respond after the recent suicide, but the company have refused all comment, including by the company representative on the surveillance committee which was set up to deal with the perceived management problems.
However, Orange has been (inaudible) other media is saying that each of these acts stem from different contexts, but that Orange remains vigilant.
And the government is now also vigilant about the problems at the company. Said the French minister of health, "I know that the company is aware of the situation -- the unions, of course, are at the forefront, but also the management, because we cannot let such a situation continue."
Anne Maria Servilla, Nicolas's sister, also hopes the situation at Orange will not continue.
SERVILLA (through translator): My brother is not here to speak anymore, but I am. I want to tell his story for the sake of the Orange employees and for all the employees in France.
BITTERMANN: Jim Bittermann, CNN, Paris.
LU STOUT: Now, searchers are on the hunt for the missing Malaysian airliner from the sea and from the sky. After the break, we take a closer look at the satellite technology being used to find it.
Also ahead, he is tipped to win Afghanistan's presidential election this weekend. After the break, we take a closer look at Ashraf Ghani.
LU STOUT: I'm Kristie Lu Stout in Hong Kong. You're watching News Stream and these are your world headlines.
Now Russia is warning Ukraine against integration with NATO. NATO foreign ministers are set to meet their Ukrainian counterpart later Tuesday in Brussels. They are expected to discuss responses to Russia's annexation of Crimea and the buildup of Russian forces on the border with eastern Ukraine.
Now South Korea says it has recovered an unmanned drone that crashed on one of its islands. It says the aircraft came down near the disputed maritime border with North Korea after northern and southern forces exchanged live artillery fire on Monday. It is not clear who was operating the drone or what it was doing.
Doctors Without Borders says an outbreak of Ebola in the west African nation of Guinea is unprecedented and at least 78 people have died from the virus, most of them in Guinea, but there were also suspected cases in Liberia and Sierra Leone. There is no known cure for Ebola. And it is fatal in up to 90 percent of cases.
11 planes and nine ships were combing the search zone west of Australia today. Let's get more now from CNN's Paula Newton. She joins me from the western Australian city of Perth.
And Paula, earlier today, you heard from the head of Australia's new coordination center. And he talked about just the difficulty of the search effort.
PAULA NEWTON, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Yeah, he couldn't have been more blunt and said it was the most challenging he'd ever been involved in. Then he also entertained a question about whether or not debris would be found and what that would mean for this search effort. Take a listen.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
AIR CHIEF MARSHAL ANGUS HOUSTON, JOINT AGENCY COORDINATION CENTER: We need to pursue the search with vigor. And we should continue to do that for some time to come. But inevitably, I think if we don't find wreckage on the surface we are eventually going to have to probably, in consultation with everybody who has a stake in this, review what we do next.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
NEWTON: You know, when he says what happens next, that doesn't mean that they would ever call it of. But, Kristie, he made very clear that we're talking about at least months.
And in terms of the intensity of it now, as we said, all those assets at sea or in the skies how long can they possibly keep this up. And as I said, it was just so sobering to hear -- this it the chief, former chief of defense staff here in Australia saying it is one of the most challenging searches he has ever seen, if not the most -- Kristie.
LU STOUT: It's a challenging search, a search for debris and also the search for the black box recorder. And time is quickly running out.
NEWTON: Yeah, it is. That doesn't mean they can't find it even if the pinging stops. Now as we know that pinging sound that is -- that activates when those black boxes hit the water, that is only supposed to continue for 30 days. So we only have a few days left.
It could last longer. And then again when we think about the crash investigation into that Air France flight, the black boxes there weren't found -- in fact, only one was found and not until two year's later.
They are no by means here giving up at all or saying that it's an impossible task.
I think, Kristie, just very clearly laying out expectations in terms of time line, in terms o how quickly we'll get some answers, if ever.
LU STOUT: And tell us more about the challenges. I mean, what are they, the search vessels whether they're doing it by sea or by air, what are they up against as they try to go out and retrieve these spotted objects, especially in this new search area in that part of the ocean?
NEWTON: Well, you know, one thing we have to talk about is the garbage out there. Quite frankly, a lot of it is fishing equipment, a lot of it is plastic. It is one of the areas of the world when all this is swirling around. So imagine, Kristie, you don't know if something is a seat cushion from an airplane or if it's a seat cushion from someone's couch. It could be one or the other. And yet every single solitary thing they see that they feel could be a part of the plane has to be investigated.
The same time, you're dealing with weather, you're dealing with the currents, you're dealing with a lot of different environment out there that would tell you that it is incredibly difficult to figure out where this plane went down. And if you can still find some wreckage from it.
I mean, people are still incredibly optimistic. The crews that we talk to, and the planes are just coming in here last night. We haven't heard if they found anything yet, anything that they still want to investigate.
But morale has been high. And they say they know what's at stake here and they will continue pursuing every lead.
LU STOUT: Morale is still high, that's very good to hear. Paula Newton joining me live from Perth, thank you.
Now information provided by satellites has been absolutely crucial in this search for the missing plane. But while satellite images show extremely fine details of distant objects, it's harder to identify things that are floating in the ocean.
Gary Tuchman visited one satellite company to find out why.
GARY TUCHMAN, CNN NATIONAL CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): This is the launch of a satellite, which captures high resolution and high definition images, a satellite that has nothing to do with any government.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We need a time for the air point.
TUCHMAN: It was launched a few months ago by a Silicon Valley start- up for its private clients. It's also being used to help the wreckage of Malaysia Airlines Flight 370.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We tried to use the images we're collecting to help people around the world.
TUCHMAN: This is mission control at Skybox Images in California's Silicon Valley. Where 15 times a day...
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: OK, we have radio signal...
TUCHMAN: Employees check on the health of a satellite and download pictures and video including images from the Indian Ocean. Skybox shares its findings like this large white spot in the middle of the search area. Could this be part of the plane? Certainly not the other pictures not the least bit ambiguous, during the demonstrations in Ukraine and Kiev.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Two million feet away.
TUCHMAN: And in other countries like Saudi Arabia.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: This shows the port of Jetta in Saudi Arabia. You're able to see individual shipping containers sitting in the storage facilities of this port.
TUCHMAN: And at the airport in Sudan.
(on camera): You can see how many planes, you can see here it says Runway 12, Runway 12 goes to the southeast, can you tell even which direction this is going by looking at this picture.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Absolutely, that's what the 12 means.
TUCHMAN (voice-over): This company can't tell if this white spot is airplane wreckage in the Indian Ocean. Why such uncertainty if you can actually see numbers and words on the ground and other pictures taken from space?
DAN BERKENSTOCK, SKYBOX IMAGING: It's easier to see that something is a car in a parking lot on land and be able to determine that with high confidence and be able to determine something is a piece of an airplane or other type of debris field in the ocean.
TUCHMAN (on camera): And it's because it's water, there's nothing else there. There are clouds and waves?
TUCHMAN: This is the so called clean room here at this company where the satellites are assembled. We have to wear these clothes, no dirt or germs can come near the satellites. This is the project manager. They have to be so clean, a camera can't even come inside here. So the camera and the cameraman are outside this room right now, but this particular satellite, the company is expected to launch this June.
(voice-over): More satellites mean more business for this company. Skybox also plans to keep taking images of emergency and political hotspots on its own dime.
BERKENSTOCK: We find these imaging satellites are a tremendous source of transparency to help humanity on a daily basis.
TUCHMAN: As part of that, the company will continue looking for plane wreckage in the Indian Ocean.
Gary Tuchman, CNN, Mountain View, California.
LU STOUT: Now the search crews are also getting help from a company tracking and backtracking ocean currents. Mari Ramos has more on that. She joins me from CNN's world weather center -- Mari.
MARI RAMOS, CNN WEATHER CORRESPONDENT: Hey, Kristie, it really is all hands on deck when it comes to the search for this missing aircraft. It's really amazing the kind of technology that we're seeing across the region.
Of course we have to deal with the oceans and the waves and the currents and all of those things and of course the weather. And it can be pretty rough across the region from time to time. You can see the cloud cover in that area. And that will have an affect, also, on what -- or any kind of debris that's on the surface of the ocean, what it does and where it goes.
So let's go ahead and start a little bit from the beginning.
You remember how we've kept talking about the currents here in the Indian Ocean. Let's go ahead and move south. And that Indian Ocean gyre right in the middle. That's the old surface area down there, this is the near search area to the north, completely different situation than what they had down there in terms of weather and of course in terms of ocean currents.
So, I want to show you something a little bit different. This is the modeling that this company called Sire (ph) is using in helping the search and -- the search effort in this area, helping the Australians try to find it.
Let's go ahead and roll the video. This is a model that they use. And you see -- this is not from the plane itself, but you see those black dots all the way down at the bottom of the screen and how they're drifting farther to the north. It's going to replay, so you'll be able to see it again. This is a sample of the kind of modeling that they can do with the ocean currents. And you see the gyre there up to the north how everything begins to swirl around and then it spreads even more and more as time goes by.
How much time has gone by here, from the beginning right there one more time all the way until it drifts farther to the north following the currents, following the weather, following the wind, well, that's actually nine months. And this is a sample from back in 2009. But it gives us an example of what they do.
And this, right here, is how they do it. Part of it is from something like this, it's the Global Drifter Array. And they are actually buoys that drift along and they are located all over the world. It's basically a surface float and an anchor here to the bottom. And it observes sea surface temperature and the upper ocean current. And then that information gets sent up to a satellite.
So they're able to do all this. And this is just another piece of the puzzle that has really helped to be able to do and read and create better modeling systems for things like this. Not only do they forward track where an object might be, but also be able to back track where an object might be.
And if you want to go ahead and try to read a sea -- or an ocean current map, well the color that you see in the background, that represents the sea surface temperature. In this case, probably about -- I'm going to guess about 10 degrees just from the color that I'm seeing here.
The arrows that you see -- see that one going this way? This one heading north, that indicates the direction of the current that you might be looking at, Kristie.
And finally, the pink lines, like that one right there, that is actually one of those buoys that I just showed you, those arrays that I showed you. That one, you can see it kind of going south and then back north, and those -- all of these things come together to be able to put these modeling and these maps together so that they can maybe be able to find that needle in the haystack.
Back to you.
LU STOUT: And I had no idea that such mapping was out there. Always learn something from you. Mari Ramos, thank you so much.
Now, Afghanistan will have a new president after Saturday's election. And that's because term limits prohibit Hamid Karzai from running again.
Now the campaigning has been marred by violence, including a Taliban attack on election headquarters in Kabul on the weekend, the results from an attack last week near the home of a leading candidate in the election.
Anna Coren has this look at the man some hope will be Afghanistan's next president.
ANNA COREN, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Proudly waving the national flag as music blared from the speakers, thousands of people poured into Jalalabad stadium to see the man they hope will be Afghanistan's next president.
As Ashraf Ghani took to the stage, he wasn't just welcomed, but embraced by an adoring public desperate for change.
The 64-year-old is the frontrunner in the upcoming presidential elections, which will be the first democratic transfer of power in Afghanistan's history.
ASHRAF GHANI, AFGHAN PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: The public really is aware that we need to take our destiny into our own hands, otherwise we will be in a deeper crisis. And solutions need to emerge from us.
COREN: After 12 years in power, President Hamid Karzai is stepping down, but he leaves behind a country plagued by war, corruption and deeply strained ties with the United States having refused to sign the bilateral security agreement.
The BSA, as it's known, would allow a residual U.S. force to stay after the troops pull out at the end of the year to help ensure this country doesn't again become a safe haven for terrorists, an agreement Dr. Ghani says he would sign.
GHANI: As one of the negotiators of the bilateral security agreement, I know every word. I stand by it.
COREN: Ashraf Ghani is no stranger to the west. As a student, he left Afghanistan during the Soviet occupation and studied in the United States. He stayed abroad after civil war broke out, landing a key position at the World Bank in 1991.
But when the Taliban fell a decade later, he returned home to help rebuild his country, first as Karzai's adviser, then as finance minister.
Held in such high regard among his international peers, Ghani was nominated in 2006 to succeed Kofi Annan as secretary general of the United Nations.
Well, Ashraf Ghani may have the qualifications, the experience and the relationships with the international community, what's even more important is that his election ticket covers all the major tribes. And in a country like Afghanistan, that means everything.
"I'm giving him my vote, because he's educated and he cares about his country," says this man.
"Dr. Ghani will protect the rights of women, who are forgotten about in Afghanistan. This is the man we want as our president."
GHANI: We can't come from hell and go pave our way. Everywhere outside this country we thrive, we need to learn to thrive here. And I think we will.
COREN: A belief these people, who have enjoyed so much, are desperately holding on to.
Anna Coren, CNN, Jalalabad, Afghanistan.
LU STOUT: This is News Stream. And up next, Sarah Jessica Parker's latest role is one with soul. The Sex in the City star speaks to CNN about her new business venture.
LU STOUT: Welcome back.
Now this week's leading woman became an international superstar with her role in the hit TV series Sex in the City. Now, Sarah Jessica Parker is lending her name to a new venture as she told our Maggie Lake.
MAGGIE LAKE, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Actor, producer, style icon, Sarah Jessica Parker is one of the most recognizable faces in the world. Parker started her acting career as a child, honing her talents on the stage, television and in film.
SARAH JESSICA PARKER, ACTRESS: Big S, small A, small N, Big D, small E, big E.
STEVE MARTIN, ACTOR: What?
LAKE: In 1998, Parker became an international sensation after she landed the role of New York columnist Carrie Bradshaw in the groundbreaking television series Sex in the City.
For her, the success of the show meant more opportunity and responsibilities outside of acting.
You've talked many times in your life about your acting career. Where do you think you get the inspiration for this business side of things?
PARKER: When I first started doing the television series Sex in the City and Darren Star said to me, you know, if you'll consider this you can be a producer on the show. And I'd never produced in television, I'd never produced in cinema. And so -- although I was sort of daunted by the idea I was immediately excited about learning. And I think once that became a huge part of the time I spent on Sex in the City, I loved being part of the conversation. I loved being responsible to and for people. I loved the demand and the challenges of budget and people's job and the hours they worked.
And so what I surprised to discover is that I liked business.
LAKE: Her role as the leading lady on Sex in the City solidified her as a fashionista.
Earlier this year, she partnered with the CEO of Manolo Blahnik to launch her own shoe line.
PARKER: I have always felt that there was this group of ten million women that I found the honor bound to in some way that had committed to me for a number of years, and that I wouldn't be having this opportunity if it weren't for the dedication with which they committed to that show I was on and the character I played who loves shoes.
Manolo Blahnik, Mary Janes...
There were three really important things to me if I was able to do this. The single sole, colors as neutral, and price point.
LAKE: This Renaissance woman seems to be living the ultimate dream.
Do you feel like you have your dream job or you're living your dream, or is this the sort of dream that keeps evolving?
LAKE: I always feel as if I'm having unthinkably fortunate opportunities presented and that's why it's hard to say no to them.
Sometimes when I think about the phrase, the dream job, this is it and then once it's run its course that's it the dream is over. And I love the idea of there is a whole world out there of possibilities and interesting things.
LU STOUT: The dream evolves, apparently.
Now you are watching News Stream. And still ahead, you've seen them test theories about missing flight 370. Well, now we take you behind the scenes of the cockpit simulator.
LU STOUT: Now, for the last 25 days, people around the world have wondered what happened to Malaysia Airlines Flight 370. And while we still wait for answers, CNN has been testing theories in a Boeing 777 simulator. Jeanne Moos has more on the duo doing those demonstrations.
(BEGIN VIDEO TAPE)
JEANNE MOOS, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): He's been glued to this flight simulator, ordering sharp turns --
MARTIN SAVIDGE, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Taking off.
MOOS: ...and steep descents.
SAVIDGE: Set us down, kind of a dive.
MOOS: For so many days since someone started #freemartinsavage. The phrase was transformed into the shape of an airplane. Someone tweeted, "Blink three times if you're being held against your will."
SAVIDGE: Don't worry.
MOOS: Martin and the actual pilot sitting beside him have demonstrated alarming situations.
MITCHELL CASADO, PILOT TRAINER: The plane would be breaking apart at this point.
MOOS: But even the serious subject matter hasn't stopped a public fascination with the plaid shirts Mitchell Casado always seemed to be wearing. Mitch's plaid shirt even started its own twitter account.
CASADO: The plaid shirt thing, that's not me, man. Only by force, I was wearing them.
MOOS: Encouraged to cover up the white T-shirts he prefers. A pilot trainer with two bunnies for pets. A guy who's gun-shy about being on TV. Normally, the Canadian new-fly simulator is rented out by novices for fun.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Bask in the sensation of being in the cockpit of a Boeing 777.
MOOS: And by pilots for practice at a rate of $150 bucks an hour until CNN rented it out.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: This is our world.
MOOS: But there's one scenario CNN wouldn't show: a simulation of a plane actually hitting the water.
SAVIDGE: It was so disturbing, that we both agreed we would never show that on the air.
MOOS: There were repeated demonstrations of a plane running out of fuel.
CASADO: And it will fall tail first into the ocean.
The aircraft begins now to just plummet. The ocean is here, and I think we'll stop it right there, because the rest of it you get.
MOOS (on-camera): So what do they do between live shots? Some days they have hours of time on their hands.
SAVIDGE: Well, I always wanted to learn to fly.
MOOS: Mitchell has been teaching Martin. The machine can simulate landings at 24,000 airports. So far, Martin has landed at airports ranging from Paris to Akron, Ohio.
SAVIDGE: Climbing. Is that right? I'm descending rather -- sorry.
MOOS: Mitchell, talking him through it. Martin took off from a simulated Toronto airport and minutes later managed to return and land there without incidents.
SAVIDGE: And the thrusters.
MOOS: After 14 to 18 hour days simulating disaster, it's a nice break to simulate a happy landing.
SAVIDGE: Thank you for flying Martin and Mitchell airlines.
MOOS: Jeanne Moos, CNN, New York.
LU STOUT: OK. Well, finally it is April 1 and you know what that means. It's April Fool's Day. The Internet is full of pranks today.
Now there's this announcement from CERN, the famous European physics lab where the world wide web was born saying that they will switch their website to comic sans. Now the widely ridiculed font, used in a presentation announcing the discovery of the Higgs-Boson, if you'll recall.
Now the online store Think Geek says it is selling a version of the language software Rosetta Stone for Klingon, the fake alien language from Star Trek. But nobody seems to put as much work into April 1st as Google.
Many of Google's sites have their own jokes today. YouTube released this video looking ahead to what they think this year's biggest viral trends will be like clocking where people stand around with their arms mimicking the hands of a clock. Now it might sound ridiculous, is it any weirder than planking?
And then there's this from Google Maps.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: At Google, we seek to hire the most exceptional people. Today, we're announcing a new job role and challenge, Pokemon Master.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
LU STOUT: The production values are amazing, right.
Now Google Maps, they have hidden Pokemon all over the world in Google Maps for iOS and for Android. And here you can see one hanging out right over Monaco.
But I've saved the best for last. Google+ has rolled out a new feature, take a picture and David Hasselhoff will photo bomb you. It is one April Fool's Feature that I just couldn't resist taking advantage of.
And that is News Stream. World Business Today is next.