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STUDENT NEWS

Deadly explosion at Chinese Market; How Hurricanes Are Being Predicted; Why E. Coli is Dangerous; Astronaut Answering Students Questions from Space

Aired May 23, 2014 - 04:00:00   ET

THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.


CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Kicking off CNN STUDENT NEWS on this Friday, May 23, I`m Carl Azuz at the CNN Center. Welcome to the show. First up today, an attack in China. It happened in a market in Xinjiang. This is a region of Northwest China. It`s a place that`s seen the series of attacks recently.

This one involved a number of explosions, Chinese news media say two SUVs crashed into the market on Thursday morning. Explosives were thrown out of the vehicles, which eventually exploded themselves. At least 31 people were killed, more than 90 were wounded, China called this a serious act of terrorism and President Xi Jinping said the people responsible would be severely punished. It`s not clear yet who that is, but China has blamed some previous attacks in this region on Islamic separatist group that lives there.

We are less than two weeks away from the official start of the Atlantic Hurricane season. These storms can form at any time, but they are most likely to spin up between June 1 and November 30. Predicting them is like predicting the weather. It`s not an exact science.

This is what Superstorm Sandy looked like as it approached the North Eastern U.S. in 2012. It made landfall there late in that season. On October, 29. 2012 was very active for Atlantic storms. There were almost twice as many of them as experts predicted. This time around, NOAA, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration forecast things to be relatively quiet, but ..

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

CHAD MYERS, CNN METEOROLOGIST: The news is that there will be hurricanes. And I can`t tell you where it`s going to hit or how many will hit, but the number is three to six. Three to six hurricanes in the water, in the Atlantic. The average is 6.4. Last year we had two. So, major hurricanes wandered to - you should have two to seven, last year zero.

Let`s go back to 2012. This number was 19, 10 and one. That`s the real number -one, what was that number one? Sandy. So, you only technically need one storm to make a big season, and there will be at least one.

Near normal, 40 percent chance, below normal, 50 percent chance, above normal about ten percent chance of that.

So there is where the number has come from, it doesn`t matter whether we get one or a dozen, it matters which one hits land and what land it hits.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Time for the "Shoutout." Which of these is typically a foodborne illness? If you think you know it, shout it out! Is it Mersa, Ebola, E. coli or Influenza? You`ve got three seconds, go!

E. coli is a type of bacteria found in the stomach and intestines. It can be dangerous when it enters the food supply. That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.

AZUZ: That`s because certain strains of E. coli when they contaminate food can cause abdominal cramping, serious intestinal problems, fever or kidney failure. And estimated 265,000 Americans get infected from this every year. A dangerous strain of E. coli might have made its way in the beef products sold in nine states. 11 people are thought to have gotten sick from it, ten of them ate at restaurants that received contaminated meat. The U.S. Department of Agriculture says 1.8 million pounds of ground beef have been recalled. An officials says it`s currently being removed from store shelves, but some it has already sold. Dr. Sanjay Gupta tells, you what to look out for.

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DR. SANJAY GUPTA, CNN CORRESPONDEN: If you have any ground been in your freezer that says 2574B, that`s the lot number that`s of concern. You want to throw that out. Don`t take any chances.

E. coli is a particularly - the strains of it is a particularly nasty player. Just 100 cells can make somebody ill, and if left untouched it will double the number ever 15 to 20 minutes. So, you can get to billions of cells, you know, fairly quickly. And that`s why people are really, really - being very cautious about this. Don`t take any chances. Even if you don`t have this ground beef, even you`ve thrown it away, it`s Memorial Day weekend. If you are grilling, use a thermometer. That could be the best advice I give you all weekend. Use a thermometer, take a look at the numbers there. That`s what you`re going to be shooting for. I use the thermometer. It helps keep me and my family safe. You should do the same thing.

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AZUZ: While grilling out is one thing associated with Memorial Day in the U.S., it`s observed next Monday, but the holiday wasn`t always called Memorial Day. Back in the late 1860s, it was knows as Decoration Day, recalling when flowers were placed on the graves of those who died in the Civil War. Over the decades and conflicts that followed, it became Memorial Day, a time to honor and remember all U.S. service men and women who died in wartime. Church services, parades, speeches, a wreath laying at the tombs of the Unknowns, these are some of the events that take place every year on the last Monday in May. Symbolically, it`s also seen as the beginning of summer in the U.S.

From South to North, here are three of the schools watching us today. It`s time for "The Roll Call" starting in the Volunteer state. Oak Ridge High School, great to see you watching in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. It`s the home of the wild cats. In the show-me-state, show-me the warriors. We see them at Fox High School in Arnold, Missouri. And the lumberjacks are online, in the land of 10,000 lakes. At Bemidji High School in Bemidji, Minnesota, thank you for watching.

Space travel is expensive. It`s dangerous. And it`s fascinating. Fewer than 600 people have ever done it. That is nothing considering the billions who`ve inhabited Earth since Yuri Gagarin first went into orbit in 1961. So there might be some questions you have about it. That`s the thinking behind the CNN I-Report project that asks students what they`d ask an astronaut.

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UNIDENTIFIED MALE: CNN. This is mission control, Houston.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: (INAUDIBLE) CNN, how do you hear me?

STEVE SWANSON, ISS COMMANDER: I hear you lung (ph) clear. My name is Steve Swanson, I`m a NASA astronaut. Right I`m living aboard the International Space Station, which is in the orbit around the Earth, about 250 miles up. One, it`s a fun experience. It`s go like - a rollercoaster ride in the way, and that begin a rollercoaster ride over. You are going up that steep (INAUDIBLE), click, click, click, click. And it`s a little tension builds. It`s great and then boom, you go. You can feel the acceleration of the engines. Just pushing you down into the seat as you take off. And the whole thing lasts about 8.5 minutes, and after 8.5 minutes we are going 70,500 miles an hour, and we are up in the Earth orbit spinning around.

Exercise is different up here, we don`t have gravity. We have three different types of equipment. We have a treadmill, we have an exercise bike, and we have a resistive exercise device, which is like lifting weights back on earth.

We do have that planned out. We will be using commercial craft like SpaceX or possibly Boeing. Sierra Nevada also - in Sierra Nevada, there`s a reusable vehicles, so there`s one right now. It`s on the dry board. It has plans, and it`s a possibility that is reusable. The (INAUDIBLE) space craft at NASA is building, is not reusable also, it`s another capsule. Then, of course, we are relied on the Russians until we get one of ours done. But I do hope in the near future we`ll have at least U.S. vehicle and then after that, I do believe going back to some sort of reusable water will help bring the costs down and will help make it affordable for everybody else to come up here.

I`m not really scared. Most of us aren`t (ph) scared. We know there`s a danger involved, but we`ve also been trained to handle all the possible scenarios that have come up.

The number one thing, we all like to do is look out the window. It`s such a beautiful thing to do, and looking down on Earth is just a fantastic way to spend your time. Thank you.

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AZUZ: Square footage, number of bedrooms, features - things people ask about whenever they buy a home. You don`t usually hear numbers or see curb appeal like this: yep! It`s a castle. And it`s for sale in Kentucky. Square feet - 12,000. Averages around 2,000. Bedrooms, yes, double digits, features - it`s got those two. The honors putting it up for sale because the ultra-luxury market is said to be in ultra-high demand right now.

The price, $13 million, that`s not easy money, but it buys a real estate. Perspective owners would have to mind their manner, but anyone with that kind of dough can get an honorable mansion. I`m Carl Azuz. One thing we have to mention - there will be no show Monday on the Memorial Day holiday. We`ll see you next Tuesday on CNN STUDENT NEWS.

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