Return to Transcripts main page
CONNECT THE WORLD
Kurds Call On UN To Do More To Help Yazidis; African Start-up: Sweet Temptations; Experimental Ebola Drugs to be Sent to West Africa; US Police Shooting Outrage; Details on Robin Williams' Death; Remembering Lauren Bacall
Aired August 13, 2014 - 11:00 ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
MICHAEL HOLMES, HOST: Iraq's politicians battle for power, the U.S. sending in more advisers, civilians fleeing for their lives from Islamic
militants: we're going to take you to the heart of the conflict in the north of Iraq and in the capital, speak to those under fire.
Also ahead, a call for calm, the U.S. president joins leaders in one small community urging restraint after the police shooting of an unarmed
And remember Lauren Bacall, the smoky voiced Hollywood actress has died.
ANNOUNCER: This is the hour we connect the world.
HOLMES: Welcome everyone. I'm Michael Holmes. Thanks for your company. A political crisis compounding a brutal ethnic war compounding an
exodus of almost biblical proportions, this is life in Iraq today. Thousands of members of the Yazidi minority continue to pour across the
border into Syria itself a battle scarred country, but it's the only way they can then get back into Iraq in the relative safety of the Kurdish
region of Iraq anyway.
These days, nowhere in that country appears truly safe. A spate of deadly bombings in the capital Baghdad underscored that earlier on
Wednesday. Those tasked with controlling the crisis hamstrung by their own decisions.
The incumbent Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki still refusing to give way to a man nominated to be his replacement Haider al-Abadi. And so the
spiral of violence continues.
Now Anna Coren is live in Pesh Kabor (Ph) in northern Iraq with the latest on the mass migration that has been taking place there. And, Anna,
despite the dire conditions, at least something behind you of way of shelter, but so much more is needed. What are you hearing from the people?
ANNA COREN, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Well, Michael, we went down to that border crossing, which is just a couple of kilometers from
where we are, where we saw that stream of humanity come across the border from Syria into Kurdistan northern Iraq.
It was pretty much empty. The refugees who had crossed the border are now here, thousands of them are seeking refuge, as you say shelter, food,
water after days of a very long journey to get here. They were stuck up on Mount Sinjar after fleeing the ISIS militants. And some of the stories
that the people have been telling me is just horrific.
They've shown me pictures of their loved ones who have been murdered, who have been decapitated, it really is quite brutal what they've had to --
what they've had to endure. And now they are here. They're displaced. They have no homes. They have no livelihoods. And they are appealing to
the international community to get them out of here. That is fundamentally what they are saying. They're saying we have the Yazidis. We are a
religious and ethnic minority and we do not feel safe in Iraq any longer.
UNHCR as we have been saying has set up this makeshift camp behind us. Those tents were not here a couple of hours ago. Now there are more than
100 bulldozers an graders have been flattening the land and there's going to be space for hundreds of more tents.
So we're expecting this to be a real big center for the refugees, a real big meeting place, if you like, because there are thousands of others
that are expected to come from Sinjar in the next few days, that is according to the governor Duhuq (ph) who is really overlooking --
overseeing this entire operation.
He singled out the United Nations saying they are failing the Yazidis. He said that they are trying to save the oldest religion in the world, but
where is the international community? Why aren't they here helping? Yes, the UN is here setting up tents, but it's slow going, Michael. And we know
these things take time, but this has been a crisis in the making for days now and they are just basically appealing for help.
HOLMES: And then of course while the humanitarian situation still plays out, and I can't imagine how desperate it is back on that mountain at
the moment, so, too, does the battlefield continue to be an issue and what really is an outgunned Kurdish pesh merga force against ISIS. What are you
hearing about ISIS gains?
COREN: Look, we know that over the weekend as pesh merga forces were able to retake a couple of towns that had been seized by ISIS militants
last week using American weaponry that had been seized by the Iraqi army.
Now we went to one of those towns that have been taken back, Maqmor (ph). And we spend time with the pesh mergas who have the will, but as you
say, Michael, they don't have the weapons.
HOLMES: All right, Anna.
COREN (voice-over): Driving towards enemy territory an armored convoy of Peshmerga escort us beyond the frontline. Just days ago, ISIS militants
claimed these vast plains and nearby township of Makhmour, as part of what it calls its new Islamic state. That was until U.S. airstrikes suddenly
stopped their advance. This was one of the targets. Artillery used to attack Kurdish forces who for the first time were inspecting the results of
the power unleashed by U.S. fighter jets and predator drones.
(On camera): This is the impact of a 500-pound laser-guided bomb. As you can see, the US airstrike has completely destroyed the ISIS mobile
artillery piece. But out here in the open, the militants are easy to attack. Once they move into urban areas, they will be much harder to find.
(Voice-over): For the Peshmerga, U.S. air support is critical. Before it arrived, they were outgunned by the Sunni extremists armed with American
weapons seized from the Iraqi army, and were quickly losing ground.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I think the U.S. --
COREN (on camera): This is a U.S.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Yes, because this is the Iraqi army.
COREN (voice-over): But with Kurdish forces now receiving weapons directly from the U.S., according to local officials, they believe their
soldiers can effectively fight the enemy. "ISIS is bad. They're against humanity, democracy, everything that has to do with life. That's why we
believe in the battle and we were able to win."
But not everyone is so confident. These families who fled during the vicious fighting have returned to pack up their belongings and leave
indefinitely. Fearing ISIS just kilometers away in a nearby village will return.
"We're all afraid. The situation is bad. We think ISIS will come back and we don't feel safe."
"America has to help us," pleaded this woman.
"ISIS is evil. They behead children like my grandson."
With virtually no one left in these vulnerable border towns, the Peshmerga are desperately hoping the U.S. intensifies its campaign over the
skies to help them in their desperate battle.
COREN: Michael, those airstrikes are critical. And they are calling the Kurdish forces, the Kurdish regional government is calling on the U.S.
to extend and intensify its airstrike campaign, because without it, the ISIS militant advance will continue.
HOLMES: All right, Anna, thanks so much. Anna Coren reporting there. Some important developments going on.
And we are going to have much more on the events in Iraq coming up this hour. We're going to bring you some incredible reporting again from
Ivan Watson in the field on the plight of the Yazidi population as they seek protection from ISIS. We're also going examine the political
paralysis in Baghdad that is serving only to exacerbate the crisis and what the U.S. plans to do about it.
All right, the ceasefire in Gaza set to expire in six hours. Still holding for now, but a new explosion has left casualties. At least five
people were killed, six wounded, when an Israeli missile, we're told, unexploded one, was being disarmed and it went off, this happening in Gaza.
Among the dead, an Italian video journalist for Associated Press and his Palestinian translator.
Meanwhile, Israeli tanks and soldiers remain near the Gaza border as talks between Israeli and Palestinian delegations continue in Cairo.
Egyptian mediators pushing to extend the three day truce.
Reza Sayah is in Cairo, joins us now. Sort of talking last hour with Martin Savidge and sort of thinking that perhaps silence is golden, that
would perhaps indicate they might be getting somewhere. What's your read?
REZA SAYAH, CNN INTERANTIOANL CORRESPONDENT: Or not, Michael.
Unless something changes in the next six hours, the outcome of these talks this week in Egypt are going to look like very much what happened
Of course last week the talks fell apart and the two sides started fighting again.
Let's bring you up to speed on what we know according to a senior Egyptian government official. Egypt, the mediator in these indirect
negotiations is pushing both sides to extend this ceasefire beyond midnight tonight. That, of course, is the deadline.
Here's what the official told CNN, "we want the two sides to agree to extend the ceasefire and continue talking. This is a very sensitive time
in the negotiations and it's hard to predict the outcome at this point."
When you look at that statement, clearly it shows that they're not talking about a permanent deal. They're looking to extend this ceasefire.
If something Israel wants, but Hamas and the Palestinians have long said we want a permanent resolution.
Israeli officials have reportedly said these two sides are not making progress. The Palestinians have remained quiet. The Egyptians seem to be
remaining optimistic saying it's too early to reach a conclusion. It's about 6:10 p.m. local time. That means these two sides have less than six
hours to either reach a permanent agreement, which seems unlikely, to extend the ceasefire, which is possible, or they can start fighting again,
Michael, which is something much of the world would hate to see.
CLANCY: Yeah, indeed. Particularly in Gaza.
One imagines we're hearing figures of 60,000 people who do not have a home to go back to.
Is the thought of reconstruction still said to be tied by Israel to conditions? Are you hearing that on the sidelines? That certainly came up
in the public arena.
SAYAH: Yeah, you know, I think unfortunately based on the information we have the bar in these talks are so low that there haven't gone into any
kind of details. And the impasse and the sticking points remain the same. On one hand you have Hamas and the Palestinian delegation remarkably
staying unified. It's saying they want the blockades to be lifted. They say they want the border crossings to be opened and open access to the sea
with a seaport , an airport. They say that's the only way to live a dignified life.
And then on the other side you have Israel that says we're not going to address any of those issues until our security concerns are addressed.
They want Hamas disarmed and they want Gaza demilitarized. That's where the impasse is. And that's where they've been stuck.
Can they extend a ceasefire and talk about these issues some more? We're going to find out in less than six hours.
CLANCY: All right, Reza, good luck with that. Reza Sayah there in Cairo.
CNN has confirmed a Russian convoy said to be carrying 1,800 tons of humanitarian aid to Ukraine has taken something of a detour. Kiev warned
Moscow that 280 trucks wouldn't be allowed to enter Ukraine unless the aid is organized and handled by the Red Cross. The concern is that the trucks
might be carrying something other than aid, perhaps military equipment for pro-Russia separatists fighting government forces.
While we know the convoy has now taken a different route to the one expected, we don't know exactly where it is now headed.
Well there is no doubt that the thousands of civilians caught in the middle of this struggle in Ukraine desperately need the aid. Will Ripley
joins us now from Kiev to talk about that.
The humanitarian situation is indeed a genuine one. What are the people up against?
WILL RIPLEY, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Well, they're up against near constant barrage of explosions, artillery fire, and this is not just
targeting the pro-Russian rebels, sadly, but there has been collateral damage in the form of people's homes being destroyed.
We're just seeing some new pictures coming in now. You could see a shot out bus on the side of the road where 10 Ukrainian volunteer soldiers
were supposedly riding in this. That bus was shot up. These soldiers -- these soldiers died. And then you see -- you see video of these apartment
buildings in Donetsk that were hit by mortars. There are children who are now without a home with their parents running low on food and supplies. We
don't even have the ability to get any pictures out of Luhansk, really, because communications in that city have been cut off now for 11 days, and
not just communications the water, the power, the sewage system. Food is running out, medical supplies are gone.
And so we talk about this humanitarian convoy, this humanitarian aid that is desperately needed by the people who are living in this region,
Michael. But right now something of a political standoff that's happening.
The Ukrainian president just put out pretty detailed statement talking about the three scenarios that the Ukrainian government is looking at right
now in regards to where this convoy is going.
Number one scenario the convoy tries to enter the country illegally, perhaps not through a checkpoint, bypassing a checkpoint to get directly
into Luhansk, which the Ukrainian government would consider an invasion under the guise of humanitarian aid.
Option number two, this checkpoint shows up at a border crossing. There's some sort of provocation that occurs that could then lead to a
military action or a military situation.
And then scenario three, which sounds like the one that we can all hope would happen would be that the two countries work out some sort of an
agreement where the checkpoint -- the checkpoint -- basically the convoy unloads its contents at the checkpoint. They're thoroughly inspected,
loaded onto a different set of vehicles, so not those Russian white trucks that were military trucks repainted, but a different set of vehicles hired
by the Red Cross and then the contents driven in by the Red Cross to the areas that are in desperate need. That would obviously take a lot of time,
but that seems to be the only proposal that the Ukrainian government is willing to accept. And Michael, they say that the Russians so far have
rejected that proposal.
HOLMES: All right. Will, thanks very much. Will Ripley there in Kiev.
And coming up on Amanpour, by the way, we're going to be speaking with an official from the Russian foreign ministry about the controversy
surrounding this convoy. Also concerns of a possible Russian invasion of Ukraine. All of that starts at 7:00 p.m. London, 8:00 p.m. Berlin right
here on CNN.
And still to come here on CNN, outrage continues to spill into the streets of a U.S. city dealing with a very controversial police shooting
with racial undertones.
And we're going to consider the lengths the U.S. is prepared to go during the fight against ISIS. All that, much more, still to come.
HOLMES: Welcome back. You're watching CNN. This is Connect the World with Michael Holmes. Thanks for watching today.
Now, going on 25 years ago, Iraq has been a thorn in the side of the White House. And images coming out of the north of the country in recent
days will surely be as troubling as they are saddening to policy makers in Washington.
The Obama administration has reiterated time and again that there will be no U.S. boots on the ground, as they like to say, in the fight against
ISIS. But political infighting in Baghdad not making life any easier either.
Let's consider then what the U.S. can do to combat the crisis in Iraq and how much it is prepared to do at a time when there is very little
appetite for war. Chief U.S. security correspondent Jim Sciutto joins us now from Washington.
A lot of talk about how reluctant, Jim, the president was to get reinvolved if you like. And putting some limits, strong ones, on how far
the U.S. would go. But must be under a lot of pressure, too, these pictures -- I mean, they speak for themselves.
JIM SCIUTTO, CNN CORREPSONDNET: Well, you have two real threats on the ground which got the Obama administration to move. One, the tragic
situation, this impending massacre of the Yazidis stuck on that mountaintop now trying to flee there, and the second the danger to U.S. personnel,
hundreds of them both in Irbil in northern Iraq, but also in Baghdad and the threat to them from ISIS fighters. Those two circumstances got the
administration to act. But that action has gradually expanded, even day to day, as it's become clear that accomplishing both those mission may require
more. The latest move is discussion of an air evacuation of tens of thousands Yazidis still stranded there. And that would require if not U.S.
combat forces on the ground, U.S. troops on the ground physically at least to coordinate that air evacuation.
And here in the U.S. that has many critics saying that mission creep is setting in.
SCIUTTO (voice-over): Here, the aftermath of a devastating U.S. air strike on ISIS fighters in Northern Iraq. The Obama administration insists
attacks from the air like this one are the limit of America's combat role in Iraq. But several veteran Iraq commanders we interviewed say mission
creep is inevitable.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I think this is the first toe in the water and eventually this administration will have to confront how to destroy this
SCIUTTO (on camera): When you look at the capabilities or rather the lack of capabilities of the Iraqi military, the U.S. is going to have to be
more involved going forward. Do you think that's a reasonable assessment ?
GENERAL JAMES WILLIAMS, U.S. MARINE CORP. (RETIRED): You need an organization, whether it's United States or coalition forces have come in
and provide them with professional military advice, and eventually, if U.S. forces are not on the ground, I don't see how we're going to keep ISIS at
SCIUTTO (voice-over): For now, the administration has defined U.S. objectives very narrowly. One, protect tens of thousands of members of
Iraq's Yazidi minority from an impending massacre and two protect hundreds of American diplomats and military advisers stationed in Erbil and Baghdad.
However, even the Pentagon concedes those goals as strictly defined do not address ISIS itself.
LT. GENERAL WILLIAM MAYVILLE JR., DIRECTOR OF OPS FOR JOINT CHIEFS: These strikes are unlikely to affect ISIL's overall capabilities or its
operations in other areas of Iraq and Syria.
SCIUTTO: In fact, since the president first announced U.S. military action last Thursday, the U.S. has already expanded its military support.
Sending weaponry to Kurdish forces and now increasing the number of U.S. military advisers on the ground.
Secretary of State John Kerry categorically ruled out U.S. ground troops, though, crucially he set the stage for further military support for
Iraq's new government.
JOHN KERRY, U.S. SECRETARY OF STATE: The U.S. does stand ready to fully support a new and inclusive Iraqi government, particularly in its
fight against ISIL.
SCUITTO: The U.S. has yet to define what that additional support will be. We know that the Kurdish fighters in the north have asked for more
weaponry, including heavy weaponry, something that the U.S., are considering right now.
But the bigger question is after these two missions, presuming they are accomplished, of protecting the Yazidis and protecting American
personnel are accomplished, what about the longer-term question, Michael, of actually confronting ISIS. It's a job that the Iraqi military has not
been able to do on its own at this point. How much help is the U.S. willing to give to the Iraqi military to attack -- to accomplish that
larger, longer-term task.
HOLMES: And of course the U.S., Jim as you know, one of the things they're very worried about in the broader picture is the regional nature of
ISIS and its aspirations, the caliphate it wants to set up doesn't stop with Iraq and Syria. And you've got nervous Saudis, nervous Jordanians and
Lebanese. One imagines if it continues spreading towards, say, Saudi Arabia the U.S. is going to have to have a real good think about what they
SCIUTTO: No question. And not just the U.S. And you've begun to see some other countries participate as well. You have the UK running some
humanitarian missions to the Yazidis, you have the French now joining the U.S. in supplying some arms to the Kurds.
There is a growing realization that this is now just an Iraqi or Syrian problem, it's a regional problem. And fact is, Michael, it's an
international problem, because ISIS -- and I speak to U.S. intelligence officials all the time, ISIS has more than 1,000 European fighters in their
ranks, more than 100 Americans. The concern is what happens when they go home.
There is a belief that ISIS has the aspiration to train and encourage these fighters to carry out attacks when they return home, there have
already been one plot -- at least one plot and one attack in Europe. This is a global threat. It's not just a local or a regional threat.
HOLMES: You know, it's not too often when you see Arab, Persian, European and American all facing off against one enemy and agreeing on
that. A very unusual situation.
Jim, appreciate your reporting as always. Jim Sciutto there.
SCIUTTO: Thank you.
HOLMES: Well, one of our top articles online looks at five things you need to know about whether Mr. al-Maliki will go without a fight, what it
all means, our Tim Lister wrote it. They range from just who is the prime minister designate, Haider al-Abadi, to the views of the international
community on the change of leadership. Find that and all the latest developments at CNN.com/international.
Live from CNN Center, this is Connect the World.
Still to come here on the program, a baking boom. Meet this lawyer by day, cake maker by night, cashing in on Malawi's sweet tooth. African
Start-up is next.
LEONE LAKHANI, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORREPSONDNET: Cake shops in Blantyre, Malawi's commercial center, have over the years provided the
standard selection of vanilla and chocolate cakes. But last year, Sungeni Mtalimanja, a lawyer by day and a baker by night, began to change the
nature of this business.
SUNGANI MTALIMANJA, FOUNDER, SWEET TEMPTATIONS: When I started doing Sweet Temptations, I never really thought about how I would set it apart
from the other businesses, but I've always been an artistic person, so I draw on cakes with icing, that's what sets me apart.
The name Sweet Temptations came about in 2013 when now I decided I'm going to establish this as a business. I just thought of the name. I
mean, cakes are sweet and they're very tempting to a lot of people who have sweet teeth. So I decided I'm going to have it as sweet temptations. And
the Sungani part is just to personalize it.
LAKHANI: Mtalimanja stumbled into the cake business. She found herself helping her sister-in-law who regularly baked only to realize later
how much she enjoyed it.
MTALIMANJA: I am very passionate about what I do. I never knew I had this passion for cakes. Sometimes a passion comes from the comments that
people make. People say this is great. You're very inclined to do more. You want to explore more.
So this is where I work, this is where all the magic happens. I do everything from here.
LAKHANI: Mtalimanja runs her business out of her family home where she lives with her parents and brother.
MTALIMANJA: So I'm trying to incorporate, do other stuff as well, have cheesecakes and carrot cakes, a red velvet, that's a big thing at the
moment, red velvet cake. So I've tried to do that. And a lot of people actually like that recipe.
I've decided I needed to open a page on Facebook. So I would post the cakes on Facebook and that's how I get most of my clients.
I've already iced the cake and now starting to decorate it. I'm going to do Man United logo. And it requires a lot of patience.
LAKHANI: However, running a cake business in Malawi comes with its own set of difficulties.
MTALIMANJA: You'd get packets any time of the day, especially in the evening. The second challenge is finding the right ingredients. The cake
industry, it's only just booming. Now people want to go crazy. They want to have their cakes all out. They want different shapes, they want
different sizes, they want different types of icing, and to find that in Malawi it's quite a challenge.
LAKHANI: Her business might be modest, but Mtalimanja's sites are set on a delectable future.
MTALIMANJA: I want a nice place, a cozy place, where I can have my own coffee shop and serve the cakes that I make. That's what I want to do.
HOLMES: And this is CONNECT THE WORLD, I'm Michael Holmes, let's update you on the top stories this hour. CNN has learned that Russian
convoy said to be carrying humanitarian aid has taken a bit of a detour. Ukraine says it's not going to be allowed in unless Moscow coordinates with
the Red Cross. Fighting between the military and pro-Russia rebels has cut off supplies for many thousands of civilians who do need aid.
The temporary cease-fire in Gaza set to expire in about six hours or so from now. Talks between Israeli and Palestinian delegations still on in
Cairo. Egyptian mediators pushing both sides to extend the three-day truce.
Police in Bali, Indonesia taking in an 18-year-old American woman and her boyfriend into custody in connection with the killing of the teenager's
mother. The body of 62-year-old Sheila von Wiese-Mack was found stuffed into a suitcase at an upscale hotel on that resort island. Now, according
to a local television station, police say the couple told them they were taken captive by an armed gang who they blame for the killing.
The Iraqi prime minister Nouri al-Maliki says only a federal court ruling can force him out of office. He's calling for all efforts to
replace him, or describing them as a "conspiracy woven from inside and out." The US, Saudi Arabia, Iran, all throwing their weight behind the
prime minister designate, Haidar al-Abadi.
Well, Nick Paton Walsh has more, now, on the political standoff in Baghdad that is getting in the way of the formation of a new government.
NICK PATON WALSH, CNN SENIOR INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Well, the political deadlock has left a tense quiet over Baghdad of anticipation,
anxiety. But that is punctuated twice today by two new bombs, one hitting police building, injuring eight, according to early information. Another,
a market, killing two.
Yesterday, bombings as well in Shia areas. This is we have this continued political drama playing out. Nouri al-Maliki today speaking, a
long-awaited speech. Many hoped, perhaps, he might finally concede the writing on the wall that everyone else seems able to read.
But still, defiantly, he held out his position that he believes that a conspiracy against him, that the democratic processes of Iraq should be
upheld, and that he will abide by the decision of the federal court.
Not the most defiant stance he could have taken, but certainly not containing the magic words "I will step back from power." This in the face
of nearly every ally he could expect turning their back on him. Washington, Paris open. They consider Maliki yesterday's man, embracing
the prime minister designate, Haidar al-Abadi.
Shia politicians -- Shia religious figures, Iran, Saudi Arabia, also saying Mr. al-Abadi is the future of Iraqi government here. He's yet to
speak publicly, a suggestion that might happen in the near future.
But many, really, on edge, waiting to see if Nouri al-Maliki genuinely believes if the court backs him he can retain power here, despite there
being obviously signs the military won't use force to keep him in his job. And he himself declaring yesterday they should stay out of politics.
It's tense here in Baghdad. Most people believe Maliki is history. The fact that he hasn't actually accepted that leaves many nervous.
Nick Paton Walsh, CNN, Baghdad.
HOLMES: Meanwhile, we're getting a clearer picture of what has been happening in areas overtaken by ISIS. Thousands of civilians who have
managed to escape this threat are now telling their stories. Ivan Watson has our report, now, on their harrowing journey.
IVAN WATSON, CNN SENIOR INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): The scene is almost Biblical, a modern-day exodus. Thousands of people trudge
across a river to escape a violent enemy. Most of them move in silence. On occasion, loved ones separated by war tearfully reunite. Everyone is
fleeing ISIS militants, who many here refer to as DAESH.
JAMIL JAMIR, UNIVERSITY STUDENT: The bad thing, when DAESH and terrorists, you know DAESH?
WATSON (on camera): Yes.
JAMIR: OK. They attack us, and our neighbors, they are Arab -- they are Arab -- since terrorist came, they joined them, and actually, they kill
WATSON: People you know.
JAMIR: This family -- yes, people. Our neighbors.
WATSON (voice-over): Many refugees are members of a Kurdish religious minority known as the Yazidis. One of them, university student Jamil
Jamir, found his missing cousin here.
JAMIR: We lost each other. We lost each other. Thank God, they arrived.
WATSON: Like many of the other refugees, Jamir and his family fled to Sinjar Mountain more than a week ago after ISIS captured their town. They
spent days camping on the mountain, desperately waiting for air drops of food and water, until they escaped by foot on a marathon 15-hour journey to
Syria, a journey that claimed lives.
JAMIR: On the way, two of our brothers, small brothers, what we do? No water and dusty. Actually, I feel that I will die. We put on the way.
We did -- they died.
WATSON (on camera): Your brothers?
WATSON: Two of your brothers died.
JAMIR: Yes. Baby.
WATSON (voice-over): A senior Kurdish official here is calling on foreign governments and organizations to prevent genocide.
FAZEL MIRANY, GENERAL SECRETARY, KURDISTAN DEMOCRATIC PARTY: Use your power through the international law to save the Yazidi from the genocide.
WATSON: By the time these refugees reach Iraqi Kurdistan, some are too sick and exhausted to walk. This family won't go any further. For the
11th night in a row, they'll sleep out in the open, but this time, by the banks of the river. Their dinner, two plates of donated chicken for 12
people. Their beds, a few scraps of cardboard.
Ivan Watson, CNN, on the Iraqi Kurdistan border with Syria.
HOLMES: All right. Canada offering the World Health Organization up to 1,000 doses of an experimental vaccine in a bid to try to contain the
Ebola outbreak. As the death toll exceeds 1,000, the WHO has concluded that it is ethical to offer unproven medication to try to fight the Ebola
because of just how serious the outbreak is becoming. CNN's David McKenzie with that.
DAVID MCKENZIE, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: After criticism, the World Health Organization has said that it will allow experimental drugs
and vaccines to be sent to West Africa for those areas worst-affected by the unprecedented Ebola outbreak.
The WHO says though these drugs have not been fully tested on humans, they do represent a chance to help those most in need. The Canadian
government has said it will send between 800 and 1,000 vials of their vaccine treatment that also hasn't been approved into the region through
In the meantime, the governments in the region are heavily criticizing the international response. The president of Sierra Leone saying, "We have
not been provided with enough equipment, resources, qualified health workers, and we have lost our only expert in the Ebola virus."
But some have said those countries worst affected didn't use their resources early enough, with several months going by before the seriousness
of this outbreak was known.
David McKenzie, CNN, Johannesburg, South Africa.
HOLMES: Live from CNN Center, you're watching CONNECT THE WORLD. When we come back, racial tensions in Missouri in the United States.
Protests continue there over the killing of a black teenager by a white police officer.
Also, another Hollywood legend lost. The actress Lauren Bacall dies at the age of 89. More on her life and her legacy when we come back.
HOLMES: Welcome back. We're going to turn, now, to a very controversial police shooting in the US state of Missouri, one that has
sparked outrage on the streets. An African-American teenager shot and killed by a white policeman.
Now, police are not naming the officer, saying threats have been made. They also say the teenager attacked the policeman, trying to get his gun.
Witnesses, though, tell a very different story. Ana Cabrera is in the St. Louis suburb where it all happened. The latest, Ana?
ANA CABRERA, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Michael, we have some new information that I want to start with about the police officer involved in this
While we still do not know his identity, the police chief of Ferguson, Missouri, reportedly telling our affiliate, KMOV TV here, that the officer
involved did have signs or show signs of a physical altercation. He reportedly had been hit in the face, and that his face was swollen.
Now, this is one of the few details that are emerging in an investigation that some or many have criticized about not being
transparent enough. That in part is what's been sparking the anger, the frustration, and the protests in this town that are expected to continue.
CROWD (chanting): Shoot! Don't shoot! Don't shoot!
CABRERA (voice-over): Peaceful demonstrations erupting into violence for the fourth straight night as angry protesters take to the streets,
outraged over the death of Michael Brown, clashing with police, throwing bottles. Police in riot gear deploying teargas to disperse the rowdy
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: What do we want?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: When do want it?
CABRERA: Police still not releasing the name of the officer involved, saying they fear for his safety after threats on social media, and because
at this point, he hasn't been charged.
CROWD (chanting): Stop the killer cops!
CABRERA: Ferguson police chief saying the officer is horrified by what has happened.
THOMAS JACKSON, CHIEF, FERGUSON, MISSOURI POLICE DEPARTMENT: Nobody comes to work saying, I want to kill somebody. Nobody wants to go home
from work having taken a life.
CABRERA: According to he medical examiner's office, Brown died of multiple gunshot wounds. Brown's friend, Dorian Johnson, who was with him
in the moments leading up to the shooting, says there was a scuffle at the police car after the officer asked them to get out of the street.
DORIAN JOHNSON, MICHAEL BROWN'S FRIEND: So, then it was like officers pulling him inside the car, and he's trying to pull away. At no time the
officer said that he was going to do anything until he pulled out his weapon.
JACKSON: There was a struggle over the officer's weapon. There was at least one shot fired within the car.
CABRERA: But Johnson says his friend never reached for the officer's gun. Instead, he says Brown broke free and started running down the street
while the officer pursued him.
JOHNSON: His weapon was already drawn when he got out of the car. He shot again, and once my friend felt that shot, he turned around and he put
his hands in the air and he started to get down, but the officer still approached with his weapon drawn and he fired several more shots. And my
CABRERA: Was Brown's killing justified? Did his race have something to do with his death? In a town of 21,000 were 66 percent of the
population is black, there are only three black officers out of 53 people in the Ferguson police force. There are still more questions than answers.
The FBI is investigating. The Civil Rights division of the Justice Department has opened an inquiry as well. Even the president is monitoring
this situation, saying in a statement, "We should comfort each other and talk with one another in a way that heals, not in a way that wounds."
Brown's parents have called for peace as they continue to demand justice.
MICHAEL BROWN, SR., MICHAEL BROWN'S FATHER: I need all of us to come together and do this right, the right way.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Yes.
BROWN: The right way, so we can get something done about this. No violence.
CABRERA: Still, tensions are very high here. This community remains on edge. There is a sense that this situation isn't necessarily under
control, so much so that the FAA, in fact, has created a restricted air space, has banned certain flights over Ferguson, Missouri, over concerns of
the safety as well as potential gunfire. As we've seen protesters, or heard of protesters firing into the air over the last several days,
HOLMES: Ana Cabrera in Missouri. Thanks so much. Yes, very controversial case here in the United States.
OK, still to come here on the program after a short break, Hollywood loses another legend. We'll look at the life and legacy of Lauren Bacall.
And we've also got more details about the tragic death of Robin Williams.
HOLMES: I want to bring you up-to-date now on the latest on the investigation into the death of the actor and comedian Robin Williams.
Police believe Williams committed suicide by hanging. The 63-year-old was found dead in his California home Monday, a belt around his neck, and some
cuts on his left wrist.
Authorities say no sign of a struggle. It's going to take several weeks, though, for the results of the toxicology test to be determined
whether Williams was under the influence of drugs or alcohol when he died.
And on Tuesday, the world lost another Hollywood star, the legend screen icon Lauren Bacall dying of an apparent stroke at her home in New
York. She was 89 years old. Bacall shot to fame in the 1940s, becoming recognizable from that husky voice of hers, the sultry looks, and the well-
chronicled love life as well. Nischelle Turner with more.
LAUREN BACALL AS MARIE "SLIM" BROWNING, "TO HAVE AND TO HAVE NOT": You know how to whistle, don't you, Steve? You just put your lips together
NISCHELLE TURNER, CNN ENTERTAINMENT CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): With those word in the film "To Have and to Have Not," audience imagination
soared, and a screen icon was born. The confident, smoldering expression, the downturned face and upturned eyes, earned Lauren Bacall the nickname
"The Look." Ironically, the 19-year-old struck the pose because she felt insecure.
BACALL: I mean, that was what started "The Look," was nerves. Was trying to keep my head steady.
TURNER: Bacall was more than a movie legend. She was from Hollywood's golden era, and the wife of actor Humphrey Bogart.
BACALL (singing): And her tears flowed like wine.
TURNER: "The Big Sleep" was among a handful of films they made together, but their love affair was one of Tinsel Town's greatest romances.
Bogart died of cancer in 1957, leaving Bacall a widow at 32 with two small children.
For a time, she was engaged to family friend and singer Frank Sinatra. When the romance fizzled, Sinatra headed to Las Vegas. Soon, Bacall fell
in love again and married actor Jason Robards, with whom she had a son. She blamed his drinking for their divorce.
BACALL: I don't even know if he enjoyed it, but he was hooked on it, and he was -- it really almost destroyed him, and fortunately did not.
TURNER: Bacall was born Betty Joan Perske on September 16th, 1924. Her parents were Jewish immigrants who divorced when she was just six. As
a lanky teen, she modeled to earn extra money, taking her mother's maiden name, Bacal, adding a second "L" to make it easier to pronounce.
Film director Howard Hawks saw her photograph on a magazine cover. A screen test later, and Hawks changed her name.
BACALL: He felt that Lauren Bacall was better-sounding than Betty Bacall. He had a vision of his own. He was a Svengali. He wanted to mold
me, he wanted to control me.
TURNER: Big screen or small, even her fellow actors viewed her as a legend.
ADAM ARKIN, ACTOR: John Houston, Charlie Chaplin, and she just knows or has been around everyone that has formed what we know of this business.
TURNER: Bacall's film costars read like the who's who of Hollywood, but it was on Broadway where she achieved her most critical acclaim.
BACALL: Oh, I loved it, though. That was my original dream anyway, to be on stage.
TURNER: She spent nearly 20 years on the stage, starring in "Cactus Flower," "Applause," and "Woman of the Year," earning two Tony Awards. In
her later years, her film career saw a renaissance. She starred opposite Barbara Streisand in "The Mirror Has Two Faces," earning her only Oscar
And she was still acting in her 80s in such films as "Dogville," and "Birth," with Nicole Kidman. A diva, a film star, a Broadway jewel, and a
classic legend of an era gone by.
HOLMES: Nischelle Turner there. And the team at CONNECT THE WORLD would like to hear from you, facebook.com/CNNconnect, have your say there.
And you can always tweet me @HolmesCNN.
And a quick reminder before we go, coming up on "Amanpour," we're going to be speaking with an official from the Russian Foreign Ministry
about the controversy surrounding that convoy full of humanitarian aid, say the Russians. The Ukrainians say we're not sure.
Also, of course, there are still Russian troops on the border. Could there be military action ahead? "Amanpour" will look into all of this.
That's 7:00 PM in London, 8:00 PM in Berlin, right here on CNN.
I'm Michael Holmes, that was CONNECT THE WORLD, thanks for your company today. Isha Sesay is next.