Return to Transcripts main page
FAREED ZAKARIA GPS
Interview with Narendra Modi; Interview with Bill Clinton
Aired September 21, 2014 - 10:00 ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
FAREED ZAKARIA, HOST: This is GPS, the GLOBAL PUBLIC SQUARE. Welcome to all of you in the United States and around the world. I'm Fareed Zakaria.
Today a special edition of GPS with two of the world's most powerful men. First up, a GLOBAL exclusive. India's new Prime Minister Narendra Modi in his first interview anywhere since taking office. He leads 1.25 billion people, almost a fifth of humanity, and has a mandate for change. The real question is, can India become the next China? I'll ask him.
Then the 42nd president of the United States of America, Bill Clinton. Despite almost 14 years out of office, he still wields enormous influence in the United States and around the world. I will ask him about ISIS, Russia, and I'll ask him whether he's looking forward to another stint at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue.
We're trimming back everything else on the show to give the stage to these two leaders, so let's get started.
When I think about what trends could reshape the world in the next decade or two, one stands out. If India were to industrialize at the pace that China did over the last few decades, it would be seismic. China has gone from roughly 2 percent of global GDP to 16 percent in three decades according to the IMF.
If India performed the same feat, global economics, politics, and culture would be transformed, but can it? There's huge potential. India is poor and thus has a long way to climb. Its populace with a young, vibrant population and its private sector is extraordinary, but because of its overregulated state that strangles growth, India's promise has faltered in recent years.
India and China were roughly similar sized economies in the 1980s again by IMF estimates. As late as 1990 and '91, India is shown to have had a slightly higher per capita income in purchasing power parity than China. Today China is 2.5 times the size of India on that measure and it is still growing faster than India.
India does poorly on most measures of global competitiveness. It is 71st in the World Economic Forum's report compared with China's 28th. It is 134th in the World Bank's doing business report compared with China's 96th. Of course, that means there's room to improve and now the whole country has placed its faith in one man hoping that he can change things. Narendra Modi, India's new prime minister, radiates confidence. He
has the first majority government in parliament in 30 years. The Indian public lauds him, world leaders court him, and the Bombay Stock Exchange continues to soar. It is one of the world's top performers this year. But will this moment of euphoria translate into lasting gains? Will Modi be able to make India the next China?
I had a chance to put these questions to Modi when I met with him last weekend at his official residence in New Delhi, his first interview since becoming prime minister.
ZAKARIA: Prime Minister, thank you so much for doing this.
NARENDRA MODI, PRIME MINISTER, INDIA: Thank you.
ZAKARIA: After your election, people have begun asking again a question that has been asked many times for the last two decades, which is, will India be the next China? Will India be able to grow at 8 percent, 9 percent a year consistently and transform itself and thus transform the year?
MODI (Through Translator): See, India does not need to become anything else. India must become only India. This is a country that once upon a time was called the golden bird. We have fallen from where we were before, but now we have the chance to rise again. If you see the details of the last five or 10 centuries, you will see that India and China have grown at similar paces.
Their contributions to global GDP have risen in parallel and fallen in parallel. Today's era once again belongs to Asia. India and China are both growing rapidly together.
ZAKARIA: But people would still, I think, wonder, can India achieve the kind of 8 percent and 9 percent growth rates that China has done consistently for 30 years and India has only done for a short period.
MODI (Through Translator): It is my absolute belief that Indians have unlimited talent. I have no doubt about our capabilities. I have a lot of faith in the entrepreneurial nature of our 1.25 billion people. There is a lot of capability and I have a clear roadmap to channel it.
ZAKARIA: China's behavior in the East China Seas and the South China Seas over the last two years has worried many of its neighbors. The head of the government of the Philippines and Vietnam have made very sharp statements worrying about it. Do you worry about it?
MODI (Through Translator): India is different. It is a country of 1.25 billion people. We can't run our country if we get worried about every small thing. At the same time we can't close our eyes to problems. We're not living in the 18th century. This is an era of partnership. Everyone will have to seek and extend help mutually. China is also a country with an ancient cultural heritage.
Look at how it has focused on economic development. It's hardly the sign of a country that wants to be isolated. We should have trust in China's understanding and have faith that it will accept global laws and will play its role in cooperating and moving forward.
ZAKARIA: Do you look at China and feel that it has been able to develop as fast as it has, really the fastest development in human history, because it is an authoritarian government, because the government has the power to build great infrastructure, to create incentives for investment? Do you look at that and think to yourself that that would be that there is a price to democracy, that you have to do things a little bit more slowly?
MODI (Through Translator): If China is one example, then democratic countries provide another example. They've also grown fast. You can't say that growth is not possible because of democracy. Democracy is our commitment. It is our great legacy, a legacy we simply cannot compromise. Democracy is in our DNA.
ZAKARIA: So you don't look at the power of the Chinese government and wish you had some of that authority?
MODI (Through Translator): See, I have seen the strength of democracy. If there was no democracy then someone like me, Modi, a child born in a poor family, how would he sit here? This is the strength of democracy.
ZAKARIA: From the strength of democracy to the strength or weakness of the crucial relationship between the United States and India. Mr. Modi goes to the White House next week. This after he was actually banned from even stepping on U.S. soil for many years. How does he see relations between the two nations?
Also, I'll ask him about India's recent record of terrible crimes against women. The prime minister will tell me what his government intends to do about it.
ZAKARIA: And we are back with more of my exclusive interview with India's Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
Next week he will make his first trip to the White House warmly welcomed by the Obama administration. That is quite a turnaround for a man who was placed on a black list by the George W. Bush administration in 2005, and for many years denied a visa to enter the United States.
The ban stemmed from an incident in 2002 when he was chief minister of India's state of Gujarat. Modi was criticized for failing to quell riots there. Riots that, according to a U.S. government report, killed more than 1200 people. The majority of the dead were Muslim. Modi is Hindu.
Modi has been exonerated three times by India's Supreme Court, notes "The New York Times." The Obama administration reversed the ban and has been courting Modi actively.
Has Modi any qualms about warmer ties with the United States? I asked him.
ZAKARIA: There are many people in the United States and some in India who wish that the United States and India were much closer allies. The world's oldest democracy, the world's biggest democracy, but somehow that has never happened and there have always been these frictions and difficulties.
Do you think it is possible for the United States and India to develop a genuinely strategic alliance?
MODI (Through Translator): I have a one-word answer -- yes. And with great confidence I say yes. Let me explain. There are many similarities between India and America. If you look at the last few centuries, two things come to light. America has absorbed people from around the world, and there is an Indian in every part of the world. This characterizes both the societies. Indians and Americans have co- existed in their natural temperament.
Now, yes, for sure there have been ups and downs in our relationship in the last century, but from the end of the 20th century to the first decade of the 21st century, we have witnessed a big change. Our ties have deepened. India and the United States of America are bound together by history and by culture. These ties will deepen further.
ZAKARIA: So far in your contacts with the Obama administration, you've had several cabinet members come here, do you feel that there is a genuine desire from Washington to try to upgrade the relationship with India substantially?
MODI (Through Translator): Relations between India and America should not be seen within the limits of just Delhi and Washington. It's a much larger sphere. The good thing is that the mood of both Delhi and Washington is in harmony with this understanding. Both sides have played a role in this.
ZAKARIA: With regard to Russia's actions in Ukraine, India has not been particularly active. Do you -- how do you view Russia's annexation of the Crimea?
MODI (Through Translator): Firstly, whatever happened there, innocent people died in a plane accident. That's very saddening. These are not good things for humanity in this age. There's a saying in India that the person who should throw a stone first is the person who has not committed any sins. In the world right now, a lot of people want to give advice, but look within them, and they, too, have sinned in some way.
Ultimately India's viewpoint is that efforts need to be made to sit together and talk and to resolve problems in an ongoing process.
ZAKARIA: One of the areas that India has come onto the world scene or people have read about and heard about it which has been unfortunate has been violence against women, this issue of rape.
Why is it you think that there is this problem of it seems persistent discrimination and violence against women in India and what do you think can be done about it?
MODI (Through Translator): Look, us political pundits shouldn't tangle ourselves up in knots by searching for the root cause of this problem. More damage is done by statements from political pundits.
Dignity of women is our collective responsibility. There should be no compromise in this matter. There should be no erosion in the law and order situation. We have to revive the family culture in which a woman is respected and considered equal.
Her dignity encouraged. The main thing here is girl/child education. By doing so the possibility of empowerment will increase. On August 15th my government pushed ahead a movement called Educate the Girl, Save the Girl.
ZAKARIA: Next on GPS, the head of al Qaeda says he's opening a franchise in India. What does Prime Minister Modi have to say about that? I will ask him.
Also, when you lead 1.25 billion people, the pressures mount. How does Narendra Modi relax? You'll find out when we come back.
ZAKARIA: Earlier this month Osama bin Laden's successor as the head of al Qaeda, Ayman al-Zawahiri, announced in an almost hour-long video that the terror organization was going to open a new branch in India.
India's Muslims are a minority, just over 13 percent of the population, versus more than 80 percent of the population that is Hindu. And thus far the cause of jihad amongst that Muslim minority in India hasn't taken off at all. Certainly not as it has across the border in Pakistan.
At a time when terror is atop the headlines, I wanted to get Mr. Modi's thoughts on al Qaeda's plans for his country.
ZAKARIA: Ayman Zawahiri, the head of al Qaeda, has issued a video and an appeal trying to create an al Qaeda, really, in India, South Asia he says, but the message was really directed towards India and he says that he wants to free Muslims from the oppression they face in Gujarat, in Kashmir.
Do you think -- do you worry that something like this could succeed?
MODI (Through Translator): My understanding is that they are doing injustice towards the Muslims of our country. If anyone thinks Indian Muslims will dance to their tune, they are delusional. Indian Muslims will live for India, they will die for India. They will not want anything bad for India.
ZAKARIA: Why do you think it is that there is this remarkable phenomenon that you have 170 million Muslims and they seem to be almost no or very few members of al Qaeda even though al Qaeda is in Afghanistan and, of course, there are many in Pakistan.
What is it that has made this community not as susceptible?
MODI (Through Translator): Firstly, I am not the authority for doing a psychological and religious analysis on this. But the question is whether or not humanity should be defended in the world, whether or not believers in humanity should unite.
This is a crisis against humanity, not a crisis against one country or one race. So we have to frame this as a fight between humanity and inhumanity. Nothing else.
ZAKARIA: A year or two from now, what would you like people to say that these are the things Narendra Modi has managed to accomplish in terms of actions in office?
MODI (Through Translator): See, the biggest thing is that the people of the country have faith. That trust should never break. If I can win the confidence of the people of India not from my speeches but by actions, then the power of 1.25 billion Indians will come together to take the country forward.
ZAKARIA: One final question. How do you relax? What do you enjoy doing when you're not working?
MODI (Through Translator): Look, I'm not the not working type. I derive pleasure from my work. Work gives me relaxation, too. Every moment I am thinking of something new, making a new plan, new ways to work. In the same way that a scientist draws pleasure from long hours in the laboratory, I drew pleasure in governance, in doing new things and bringing people together. That pleasure is sufficient for me.
ZAKARIA: Do you meditate? Do you do yoga?
MODI (Through Translator): I'm fortunate that I was introduced to the world of yoga. That has been very useful to me. I always advise everyone to make this a part of their lives.
ZAKARIA: You gave a long speech about the benefits of yoga. Explain what you see them as.
MODI (Through Translator): See, sometimes we notice the mind works on one thing, the body on another. And time brings us in conflict. Yoga synchronizes the heart, the mind, and the body. That is yoga.
ZAKARIA: And that was Narendra Modi, the new prime minister of India in his first interview in office.
Coming up next, a wide ranging interview with the former president of the United States, Bill Clinton, on the president's plan to defeat ISIS, Russia's relations with the West, and much more when we come back.
ZAKARIA: On Friday I sat down with Bill Clinton at his offices in Harlem. He's in an interesting place in life. Almost 14 years after leaving the White House, he has settled into a new way of affecting change around the world. His Clinton Global Initiative will hold its tenth annual meeting next week. The organization claims that in those ten years they have improved the lives of 430 million people in 180 countries. He's also set to soon become a grandfather. We'll get to all of those matters later in the show, but first I wanted to ask him about the stories that are atop the news.
President Clinton, thank you so much for joining us.
BILL CLINTON: Glad to do it.
ZAKARIA: So I have got to ask you about ISIS. I saw you on "The Daily Show" say that you thought we have to respond to this brutal executions of Americans. But I want to press you. Isn't that what ISIS wants? Isn't - wasn't the purpose of the executions to bait us?
CLINTON: No. But there's a difference in, for example, using targeted drones and airstrikes as we did against al Qaeda effectively for years to try to take down their leadership and infrastructure and let them know they can't just decapitate people for the cheap thrill of the global media response and horrify people and get away with it and getting bogged down in the kind of war they would like us to get bogged down in that would cost us a lot of lives and a lot of treasure and inevitably lead to greater civilian casualties, which is why I think the president's strategy has a chance of succeeding because the Iraqi government is now more inclusive than it has been since the fall of Saddam Hussein. And that seems to be awakening, if you will, the willingness of the Sunni tribal leaders to participate in fighting. We know the Kurds and the Peshmerga are willing to fight. If we can help them and support them, I think the larger fight against ISIS can continue as it should as a local struggle for the freedom and liberty of the people.
ZAKARIA: You talked about the Iraq part of the strategy which strikes me as, you're right, it's viable. There's an Iraqi army. It could be better - made more effective if there were fewer loyalists and more professional officers and more inclusive, there's the Kurdish forces. The Syria part is the real puzzle --
CLINTON: Much harder.
ZAKARIA: Because, you know, this is fierce civil war in which the stakes are very high. Generally moderates don't do well in those circumstances. The Turks have been trying to stand up moderate Syrians for a long time. How do you think we should handle it?
CLINTON: Well, I support giving the forces that we most closely identify with greater capacity to fight ISIS. The whole question about the Syrian government is really academic. Between the Iranians and the Russians and others, they will give them enough money and military capacity to do what they have to do.
ZAKARIA: So do you think Assad is going to stay?
CLINTON: I don't know, but I think that the worst enemy right now is ISIS, and I don't think we should be in a position of directly coordinating with or cooperating with Assad, but I think we all recognize what would happen if ISIS had like a monster-like state that included most of Syria and Iraq, and -- but I don't -- I think, therefore, that when the president said we'd cooperate with a moderate Syrian forces, they're the only people we have to try to empower there to do their part in this struggle.
ZAKARIA: Do you agree with the former secretary of state who said that perhaps if we had helped them three years earlier it might have been - it might have helped or would those funds and arms have ended up with ISIS?
CLINTON: I agree with her, and I would have taken the chance. I also agree with her when she said we can't know whether it would have worked or not, and that's when you have to be careful when you make these commitments because you can't know. But since ISIS has plenty of money, it's one of the great bank robbers in human history among other things, they were going to get their weapons one way or the other so I would have risked it. And besides, when we were talking about doing it, there was no ISIS. However, it was an argument she lost within the administration and she admitted then and acknowledged in her book that she can't know that if her recommendation had been followed it would have worked. That's one of those things you can't know. That's why all these decisions are hard.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
ZAKARIA: Next on "GPS," much more with Bill Clinton. Russia, Ukraine, and the West, and much more.
ZAKARIA: Back now on this special edition of "GPS," more of my interview with Bill Clinton.
Ukrainian officials, high Ukrainian officials, have said that Russia in effect invaded Ukraine over the last month. That somewhere between 3,000 and 10,000 Russian soldiers crossed the border. Do you think we should call this an invasion and act in a way in a sense appropriately?
CLINTON: Well, there's no question they invaded Ukraine, and there's no question what Mr. Putin is trying to do. They've also armed these Ukrainians, they've done all those things. But I think Ukraine elected a very prudent and strong president. He's trying to negotiate an end to this that enables them to have a relationship with Russia without paralyzing their turn to Europe and their attempt to leap the economic and political benefits that would entail. I think the United States should support building Ukraine's capacity to defend itself, but even more importantly we should be doing what we can, including groups like our global initiative, to help them succeed economically, to reward their choice to be free and independent. I think it's very important that the world not buy the propaganda that is going over the Russian media that Ukrainians wanted to have an adversarial relationship with Russia. That's simply not true. All they wanted to do was to have a good relationship with Russia and a good relationship with Europe and the West and be a bridge between the two. Why he doesn't want that remains something of a mystery to me. I mean, I think he's got an outdated view of how they get more influence and accumulate more wealth. But he's in these negotiations now, and I think those of us who are outside it should not complicate his job by saying too much until we see what he can negotiate.
ZAKARIA: You know, a lot of Russians, including Mr. Putin blame you in a sense. They say NATO expanded. We were told NATO wouldn't expand. They expanded very close to our borders. Then the Clinton administration intervened in Kosovo over our objections. So they argue you pushed us and now don't be surprised that you get a backlash.
CLINTON: If you can find one Polish citizen who agrees, I will be glad to take that seriously. I mean, look, first of all, I never told them NATO wouldn't expand. I ran for president advocating the expansion of NATO in 1992, and I had a conversation with Boris Yeltsin whom I respected very much and who was a much better president than he got credit for as we all now see, and I said, look, I don't think you're going to invade Eastern Europe, but you're not going to be there forever. President Yeltsin in return for Ukraine getting rid of all of its nuclear weapons and sending them to Russia signed an agreement with me and the then president of Ukraine saying that Russia would always respect Ukraine's territorial integrity. President Putin said, it was an agreement, not a treaty, therefore, I'm not bound by it. I just think it's a bum rap that expanding NATO caused all this. You know, that you made me invade Georgia and you made me invade Ukraine because they were the only two countries on my border that weren't part of NATO? Come on. It's just - it's not a credible thing.
ZAKARIA: Coming up in a moment, more Bill Clinton. If Hillary Clinton were to run and win, what would life be like as the first man? I'll ask him to consider.
ZAKARIA: Welcome back to "GPS." Here is more of my interview with Bill Clinton, 42nd president of the United States and founder of the Clinton Foundation. One of the foundation's main projects is the Clinton Global Initiative, which brings together world leaders, business leaders, philanthropists, and nonprofits to work on solving what it calls the world's most pressing challenges. Next week the power-packed group will hold its tenth annual meeting. Let me start with something that really affects the Clinton Foundation and the Clinton Global Initiative. You have worked a lot on issues like disease and disease prevention. What lesson do you think we should draw from this outbreak of Ebola and the speed and kind of pace with which it's spread? When you look at it, what is it that you think it tells us about maybe the potential for pandemics or anything?
CLINTON: Well, first, like everybody else who is involved, we have a big presence in Liberia and three of our people, our top people, have stayed in Liberia to help organize the response. So we all have got to figure out, you know, how to coordinate it better. We're going to have a special session on it at CGI. But the lessons we should draw, the lessons are twofold. One is we have to do a much better job in building the health care infrastructure in these countries. We have to increase their capacity, including the capacity to have community health workers go out in these villages and have credibility with people. You know, this tragic story of the health workers being killed in Guinea is just terrible, but if we have more capacity, we can deal with it quicker. So that's the first thing. The second thing is we're going to have to get quicker and nimbler at developing biomedical responses. You know, the vaccines or whatever or cures. And the third thing is the wealthy countries have got to re-examine how we fund the World Health Organization because I think they do a marvelous job, but increasingly as development ministries get more expertise in given areas they want to fund specific projects in specific countries, and it's clear that the World Health Organization needs a pot of money that can be mobilized in a hurry for emergencies while we wait for the inevitable time delay when America and the U.K. and France and Scandinavia, we all kick in money.
ZAKARIA: I got to ask you about some politics. Are the Democrats going to hold the Senate?
CLINTON: I think so, but it's going to be close, and it depends, frankly, on whether we can continue to match the money provided by all these outside groups. I think the Koch brothers are going to spend about $300 million in the last couple of months, and it depends on who turns out. We have got so somehow sooner or later to convince the people that vote on presidential elections for our side they have to vote in the congressional elections, and if they don't, they can't complain when they lose governorships, state legislators, and members of Congress from the Senate who happen to be up in that year. We have got a lot more senators up this year than the Republicans do and we have them up in states that President Obama did not carry in 2012. But they're running great campaigns, and we seem to be doing reasonably well, but if you look at all these polls, which are all over the place, they're all accurate. That is, the real question in polling today is the sample you pick based on who you think will vote, and the answer to that is no one knows. So if we can get our turnout up, we'll be fine and they'll hold the Senate.
ZAKARIA: Along those lines, when I talk to Democratic grassroots activists, the one person who energizes them is Elizabeth Warren. Do you think she's the future of the Democratic Party?
CLINTON: I think she's an important part of it. I think the American people are -- the Democrats at least are worried about people having an equal shot at prosperity, and, you know, when I was president, I have told you this before, the thing I was most proud of was we moved 100 times as many people from poverty into the middle class as moved under President Reagan. The bottom 20 percent's income increased 23.6 percent. The top 20 percent increased 20.5 percent. And everybody else in the middle did better than they did in the Reagan years. You have to have more broad based prosperity. So I think anybody who is arguing for that is going to find a receptive ear in the American electorate and not just among Democrats. We're going to have a vote in my native state of Arkansas on raising the minimum wage, and I'll be surprised if we don't get a majority of Republicans to vote for it even though their politicians are by and large against it.
ZAKARIA: There are certain circumstances in the next presidential election that might produce a very unusual outcome, and I'm wondering have you given any thought to what it would be like to be back in the White House in a different role?
CLINTON: No. No, I haven't. I think that in general if you're a spouse, you ought to support. If you're a former president, you ought to do whatever the current president asks you to do if you can do it in good conscience, but I have given no thought beyond that. This is my life now, this foundation, and I have poured my heart into it for 14 years and this is our tenth annual Clinton Global Initiative. We've raised, you know, $80 billion and helped 400 million people plus in 180 countries. It's my life now, and I do politics at election time if they want me for people I believe in, I think I can help. But otherwise I'm happy doing what I'm doing and if that's what I'm asked to do, I'd be happy as a clam if that were the case, too. I'll do whatever I'm asked to do.
ZAKARIA: And do you have any specific thoughts about being a grandfather?
CLINTON: Yeah, I can't wait. And we're on watch now. I hope by the 1st of October I'll be a grandfather.
ZAKARIA: Do you care if it's a boy or a girl?
CLINTON: No. And I don't know.
ZAKARIA: Do you really not know?
CLINTON: Don't know. And my daughter and son-in-law decided not to know. They want to be surprised, so we're all just sitting around waiting.
ZAKARIA: Mr. President, we usually have an end segment where I recommend a book of the week. We're blowing it out all for you. So I'm giving you the last word which is what book would you recommend. You're a voracious reader. You've read stuff, if you were to tell our readers, what should they read?
CLINTON: If you give me two?
ZAKARIA: Sure. CLINTON: First I'd like readers to read "Abundance," the Peter
Diamandis book and with his co-author (ph). Because if they did that, they would see that while the headlines are really bad in the world today, the trend lines are pretty good. Extreme poverty is down. The health care is improving dramatically around the world. There are developments now which make me believe we might be able to do what we did in the '90s, which is to use technological developments to create more jobs than we lose. For the last few months, for the first time in literally more than a decade, 40 percent of the new jobs have been in higher wage categories. I think people should read this and get some good ideas. The other book is "The Social Conquest of Earth" by E.O. Wilson. Who is a Nobel Prize winning microbiologist. But he writes as best he can from all the known evidence about the history of life on Earth from single cell organisms to the present day. The reason I would like them to read that is that he said if you look at all the species that have ever lived on Planet Earth, the most successful are ants, termites, bees, and people.
CLINTON: Why? Because they're the greatest cooperators. And he even -- and I saw the other day a story about how there are 25,000 species of spiders on earth and for reasons nobody understands a couple of dozen of them have started cooperating and they build stronger, better webs. Cooperation will save the future, and Americans should lead it. Every time humanity has been in danger of extinguishing itself, our consciousness and our conscience have led us to come together. That's the big issue of the 21st century. That's the great fight of the next 25 years.
ZAKARIA: So Congress should learn from spiders. That's the ...
CLINTON: I spent a lot of time with spiders in my early life. I just think, you know, the Constitution could be subtitled, let's make a deal. The founders understood it. We need to remember it.
ZAKARIA: Bill Clinton, pleasure to have you on, Mr. President.
CLINTON: Thank you.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
ZAKARIA: That's all we have time for on this special edition of "GPS." Thanks to my guest Bill Clinton and India's Prime Minister Narendra Modi and thanks to all of you for being part of my program this week. I will see you next week.
ERIN MCPIKE, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Good morning. I'm Erin McPike. And here are the big stories we are following this hour.
New details are emerging about two security incidents at the White House. The Secret Service says a man who jumped a fence Friday and made it inside through the North Portico doors was carrying a 3 1/2 inch folding knife in his pocket. He's identified as 42-year-old Omar Gonzalez. An Iraq war veteran from Texas. And another man who failed to stop his car at the White House entrance on Saturday had tried to gain entrance once before on foot. Now, the first family was not at home during the incidents and both men face charges.
In the mountains of Pennsylvania, no credible new sightings of suspected cop killer Eric Frein. And authorities have lifted a lockdown on local residents, but hundreds of law enforcement personnel continue what's called a very active search for the man they say killed one state trooper and wounded another nine days ago. Earlier this weekend shots were heard and officers appeared to be closing in on Frein, but the trail went cold.
Hundreds of thousands of climate change activists are taking to the streets around the world today demanding action from their governments to reduce carbon emissions. You're looking there at live pictures of people in New York getting ready to take part in the people's climate march in New York which kicks off in about a half hour. 150,000 people are expected to be there, including "a" list celebrities like Leonardo DiCaprio and Brad Pitt and the marches come two days before a climate summit at the United Nations, which will be attended by President Obama.