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CONNECT THE WORLD
Tenth Anniversary of Yasser Arafat's Death; NYC Doctor Ebola-Free; Ebola's Deadly Impact on Sierra Leone; Band Aid Charity Single Benefits Ebola Fight; Businesses Rethink Name "Isis"
Aired November 11, 2014 - 11:00 ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
BECKY ANDERSON, HOST: Remembering a figurehead and reigniting an old dispute on the 10th anniversary of Yasser Arafat's death, Palestinian
Authority president Mahmoud Abbas reportedly accuses Hamas of destroying attempts at unity.
Well, this hour we'll explore Arafat's legacy and the rifts that remain in what has been a deadly time in the Holy Land.
Also ahead, balancing divisions with diplomatic niceties in Beijing. The world's most powerful get together in the hope of finding some rare
And some have power, others have pure numbers, but all have something in common: deep significance here in the Middle East. We're on the hunt
for your influencer of 2014.
ANNOUNCER: Live from CNN Abu Dhabi, this is Connect the World with Becky Anderson.
ANDERSON: A very good evening.
It is 8:00 in the evening here in the UAE. And I want to get you to Arlington in the States, because around the world tributes taking place for
members of the armed services.
You're looking at live pictures of a Veteran's Day ceremony at Arlington National Cemetery in the United States, the site home to many of
the nations war dead.
With U.S. President Barack Obama at the annual APEC summit, Vice President Joe Biden leading the wreath laying ceremony at the tomb of the
(U.S. WREATH LAYING CEREMONY)
ANDERSON: Wreaths were placed at the Tower of London.
Well, in London, more than 800,000 ceramic poppies were placed at the Tower of London to mark remembrance day, each flower representing a British
or colonial soldier killed in World War I. The final poppy was placed this morning at the same time that the Armistice was signed ending the war.
And some news just in, the New York city doctor treated for Ebola is heading home today. Doctors declared Craig Spencer cured and are
Now, health officials say he doesn't pose any threat to the public.
Spencer contracted Ebola working with Doctors Without Borders in Guinea. He's the first person to be diagnosed with the deadly disease in
New York. And he spoke before the cameras just moments ago.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
CRAIG SPENCER, DOCTOR, EBOLA SURVIVOR: Today I am healthy and no longer infectious. My early detection, reporting and now recovery from
Ebola speaks to the effectiveness of the protocols that are in place for health staff returning from West Africa. I am a living example of how
those protocols work and of how early detection is critical to both surviving Ebola and ensuring that it is not transmitted to others.
While my case has garnered international attention, it is important to remember that my infection represents but a fraction of the more than
13,000 reported cases to date in West Africa, the center of the outbreak where families are being torn apart in communities are destroyed.
It is for this reason that I volunteered to work in Guinea with Doctors Without Borders.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
ANDERSON: And we're going to get to West Africa later in the show.
Well, as Palestinians mark the 10th anniversary of Yasser Arafat's death, a wave of violence in the Middle East is raising concerns it could
all escalate into another uprising or intifada. An Israeli troop shot and killed a Palestinian man on a rooftop during their clashes at a refugee
camp in the West Bank. Today, there are conflicting reports about what the man was doing at the time that he was shot.
And funeral services were held for an Israeli woman that was stabbed to death by a Palestinian man in the West Bank on Monday.
Well, just the latest violence following a spate of attacks. Nic Robertson has the details.
NIC ROBERTSON, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): A young Israeli soldier is lifted aboard a stretcher. It is noon in downtown Tel
Aviv. He was waiting for a bus when he was stabbed. This paramedic, one of the first responders.
(on camera): One stab wound or multiple stab wounds?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: He had few in the legs and in the upper part of the body.
ROBERTSON (voice-over): Not long after, this video appears on YouTube. The attacker, an Arab, still holding a knife, appears to cut his own wrist.
The security services move to arrest him.
(On camera): What has security services here concerned is the question, is this stabbing an isolated incident or is it part of a growing
trend of attacks that transport hubs over the past few weeks?
(Voice-over): Within hours, this in the West Bank at sunset, a van driver deliberately drives into someone at a bus stop, knocks them down,
all caught on security camera video. Seconds later, the van driver comes back, finds the person he knocked down, starts stabbing them. Then he
crosses the road, chases then attacks another victim before he is interrupted. A third man appears to spray something on the attacker. He
crosses the road again and returns to his first victim.
Police say three people were injured in this stabbing attack. One of them a 24-year-old woman, dying at the scene. The attacker, whom police
describe as a terrorist, shot at the scene by a guard. Hours later, the radical Islamist group, Islamic Jihad, praises both the West Bank and Tel
Tensions and concerns here are rising.
ANDERSON: Nic is joining us now from Jerusalem with more.
And Nic, add in to this mix some pretty fiery rhetoric from the Palestinian president calling out not just his nemesis Israel, but Hamas as
well, accusing them of trying to destroy the unity government.
Is talk of a third intifada at this point going too far?
ROBERTSON: I think that the analysts here would say yes it is going too far. And the reason for that is they don't see a particular center of
organizational or someone who is organizing these attacks, rather that they're sort of self-initiated attacks. And there is -- there's certainly
evidence that supports that theory.
What we saw today from the Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas speaking at a tense anniversary ceremony marking the death of the
Palestinian Leader Yasser Arafat, he was very, very direct in his criticism of Hamas. He said that Hamas was responsible for blowing up houses and
cars belonging to politicians from his Fatah Party in Gaza at the weekend.
The language that he's using here is the strongest -- is an indication of the deepest division between these two political groups since about
And remember, at the beginning of this summer, they were signing an agreement that they would work together.
So at the moment -- in essence, you -- what you have is Hamas and Islamic Jihad supporting the actions of these attackers, but the analysis
is not yet a third intifada -- Becky.
ANDERSON: What is it at this point? I mean -- we can see the accusations flying from Abbas's side. Why do you think it is that if Hamas
were associated with those who have been involved in these attacks, for example, why that's happening now. What is it?
I mean, Abbas says that Hamas are determined to destroy unity efforts. If that were the case, why would that be?
ROBERTSON: One analysis is -- and it's very difficult to know for sure precisely what's happening deep behind the sort of political rhetoric
and the actions that we're seeing, one analysis is that following the conflict in Gaza this summer, there's a huge amount of sort of political
ground to be made by either Fatah or Hamas.
Hamas thinks it's trying to prove, if you will, that it's succeeded in the summer. That it's still strong. That it can still project power by
supporting these attacks on the West Bank and inside Jerusalem, that there is a lot of rebuilding money at stake here between Hamas and Fatah. So
there's a division, if you will, for political power, for economic gain if you will from this current situation.
There's a view that probably Fatah at the moment wants to sort of keep the violence down in the West Bank, whereas Hamas would like to see it
increase. So you've got sort of a divergent political view there as well
So these are some of the issues that are percolating behind the scenes. But it comes down to fundamentally power, who is the strongest,
and who is going to get the money between these two main Palestinian political organizations, Becky?
ANDERSON: Yeah, we're talking a lot of money there, more than $4 billion or $5 billion coming out of that Gaza conference.
All right, Nic, thank you.
On the 10th anniversary of his death, we'll have more on the legacy of Yasser Arafat and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict for you later on
Connect the World with me Becky Anderson. We'll take a closer look at the thorny relations between Fatah and Hamas and how that relates to the future
of a Palestinian State.
Also, the threat of more violence sparked by the standoff of what Jews call the Temple Mount and Palestinians call the Noble Sanctuary.
And we'll go back 10 years to see how CNN covered the death of Arafat.
That's all coming up this hour. Stay with us for that.
Well, the leaders of the world's two largest economies met one-on-one in Beijing today. The talks between U.S. President Barack Obama and the
Chinese President Xi Jinping, follow an economic summit of the Asia-Pacific nations.
Another major player, Russian President Vladimir Putin also crossed paths with President Obama during that summit at the larger gathering.
Free trade was a big topic of discussion. The U.S. and China, between them reached a reciprocal deal to extend visas, for example, for tourists and
businessmen and women to 10 years.
The two nations also made progress towards and agreement on eliminating tariffs on certain high tech goods.
Well, it's not clear if more controversial issues came up during talks between the two presidents. For more on that, my colleague David McKenzie.
DAVID MCKENZIE, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: U.S. President Barack Obama has begun his substantial facetime with the Chinese President
Xi Jinping in Beijing. On the agenda most likely will be trade between the world's two biggest economies, but other issues like human rights and
press freedom could come up. Issues that the Chinese might not want to hear about.
It comes on the back of the APEC leader summit here in Beijing. No major trade deals were announced amongst the 21 countries, but President Xi
Jinping on China did say that the Asia-Pacific is crucial to help the world economy continue to recover.
XI JINPING, PRESIDENT OF CHINA (through translator): We realize that with the global economy entering a period of profound post-crisis
readjustment, the Asia-Pacific region must seize the opportunity, meet challenges head on and speed up innovation and reform.
MCKENZIE: The U.S. (inaudible) said it was expanding the scope of an information technology deal that could bring down tariffs of important high
tech products. But this meeting was as much about political brinkmanship as it was about substantive progress.
President Obama, according to a U.S. official, held several brief meetings with Russian President Vladimir Putin on the sidelines of the
summit where they discussed Iran, Syria and the Ukraine.
David McKenzie, CNN, Beijing, China.
ANDERSON: Well, a drive to curb population growth in India has resulted in a deadly outcome. At least 11 women have died and 62 are in
hospital after undergoing sterilization surgery.
Now they were paid to have the procedures at a government-run mobile sterilization camp, but developed complications following the operations.
Now four local health department officials have been suspended no the back of what happened. Sumnima Udas now with us from New Delhi with more
on this story.
And I think Sumnima what will be so shocking for many of our viewers is not only the tragic death of these women, but the fact that
sterilization is so commonplace in India. What more do we know about what the minister of this state described as, and I paraphrase in here, an
unfortunate incident in a scheme of such national importance?
SUMNIMA UDAS, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: That's right, Becky.
India actually accounts for 37 percent of the world's female sterilization surgeries. So in 2012, for instance, some 4.1 million Indian
women underwent these surgeries. And it's something obviously very commonplace, but also something the government is very, very proud of. And
they point to figures, according to government data, a total of 442 million births were prevented because of these sterilization drives and also other
birth control initiatives.
The way it works is local health workers go from village to village. They set up these camps. They convince villagers, women, to come and
participate and those who do they even provide a reward, the equivalent of about $20.
Now for the most part, no one is actually forced. This is not compulsory. But health activists say because of that financial incentive,
there is some indirect pressure. Have a listen.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
KERRY MCBROOM, HUMAN RIGHTS LAW NETWORK: What happens is, women largely do not have access to any other form of contraceptives. So already
their choices are extremely limited.
At the same time, you have an incentive policy that's implemented where the woman is given a cash incentive. The field level health worker
who works very closely with the woman is given a cash incentive. Usually the doctor is given a cash incentive per surgery and then the facility and
the health workers there on up will be praised and lauded for having very high sterilization numbers.
So the entire system is geared towards funneling women toward sterilization.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
UDAS: Just to give you a sense in one state health workers were actually even offered cars if they were able to bring some 500 women to
undergo these surgeries -- Becky.
ANDERSON: Sumnima, thank you.
Still to come tonight, the U.S. no longer has any known cases of Ebola, but in Sierra Leone, the number of infections is rising. Later this
hour, I'm going to show you the deadly toll that Ebola is taking on the village of Devil Hole (ph).
First, though, we are asking who had the most influence on the Middle East in 2014 as we move toward the end of the year. Stay tuned to find out
how you can get involved.
This is CNN and Connect the World with me Becky Anderson. Welcome back.
Now, we moved this show to the region a little over eight months ago and in that time we not only covered what's been an amazingly busy news
cycle, we've also traveled to a lot of the cities that many of you will call home in the Middle East.
And as we prepare to wrap up this year, the team on Connect the World has teamed up with our colleagues in CNN Arabic to bring you an opportunity
to help us identify who had the most influence on the Middle East in 2014 to remind you these days we broadcast from the UAE.
Take a look at our ten figures.
BENJAMIN NETANYAHU, PRIME MINISTER OF ISRAEL: ISIS and Hamas are branches of the same poisonous tree.
ANDERSON: Well, as you can see from that, this year has been what has been as fascinating as it has been troubling with so many huge stories
emanating from the Middle East. Politicians, inspirational individuals, members of mass movements have all helped alter this region's landscape,
characters and groups that you will have seen on this show and read about online.
Well, my colleague Caroline Faraj is the editor of CNN Arabic. And she joins me now from up the road in Dubai.
Caroline, on the site our audience today from today went live today will find a group of regional characters that we've identified as having
had the most influence on the Middle East.
Now how did you come up with that list?
CAROLINE FARAJ, EDITOR, CNN ARABIC: Well, Becky, you know that one of our main pillars is to listen and to interact with our audience and our
readers and actually analyzing the data based on their interaction and also their interests and the traffic coming from our audience through the year
showed that these 10 characters and -- including two groups -- are the most influential in the whole Middle East. And they affected the news happening
and they influenced the news in the region as well through 2014.
ANDERSON: So, you analyzed the data across the year's worth of stories that resonated across Arabic.com.
As you rightly pointed out, the list includes both individuals and groups. For example, the Middle Eastern refugee and the extremist foreign
fighter as a group.
What was the thinking behind drawing up the list like that?
FARAJ: We have the website and also we have a very active social media pages as well. So, through these active pages and the interaction
with the readers, they read and they considered that these are taken really the lead and trending in the region in terms of activities or events and
So they really influence the interests of people on the site and the news and the stories that they are interested in. And they became very
And this is still up to now. It's debatable and people are interacting with each other right now while I'm talking to you on the
social media and also on CNN Arabic talking about who is the most influential -- Becky.
ANDERSON: Yeah, we only started this survey today. I know there's an opportunity to really chat amongst yourselves on that. And as Caroline
rightly points out, I mean it's on fire so do get involved.
Thank you, Caroline.
You can find out a lot more about our influencer vote online. We're doing all of this in conjunction, of course, with our friends at CNN
Arabic. So log on, it's CNNArabic.com, read about each of the candidates and do place your vote. The results will be used as a townhall debate here
in the UAE and a special program on CNN next month.
The survey as you see it here, will run until the 25th of November. So get in, get on and get involved. You can join the conversation, of
course there. You can debate there. You can also get on, on Twitter. Don't forget the hashtag, your tweets about the vote with #influencer2014,
that's hashtag #influencer2014.
Live from Abu Dhabi this evening, this is Connect the World with me Becky Anderson. We'll have your global news headlines in just a few
Plus an in depth look at how the Israeli-Palestinian divide stands 10 years to the day after the death of the Palestinian figurehead Yasser
First, though, there's no place like Dome. We're going to take you to Singapore where a new sport complex has sprung to life in the largest
building of its type on Earth. One Square Meter up next.
JOHN DEFTERIOS, EMERGING MARKETS EDITOR: It's the latest landmark on the Singapore skyline, the World Architecture Award-winning new National
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: This is not a venue, but is a brand new city.
DEFTERIOS: Welcome to Singapore Sporta, which opened in June at a cost of more than $1 billion. This 350,000 square meter site in one of the
most landscarce countries in the world is a result of a government driven initiative to firmly place Singapore on the global events calendar and get
JONATHAN ROSE, PRINCIPAL: Sporta really is setting a completely new standard for how these major sports (inaudible) can be integrated into the
community and the city -- the life of the city.
DEFTERIOS: Inside the main 55,000 seat venue, a feast for the eyes in the national colors red and white.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Singapore is a country that embraces different activities. We are not a one sport nation.
DEFTERIOS: Ung Jin Tek (ph), chief operating officer, says the building was designed to be versatile with football, athletics, rugby,
cricket, even concerts all possible under one roof. That roof, the largest free spanning dome in the world.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It takes away the heat, the direct sunlight, it takes away the heavy rain.
DEFTERIOS: But it does more than that, a 200 by 100 meter section of super lightweight steel can be moved on demand.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It takes about 22 minutes to open, 22 minutes to close.
DEFTERIOS: And traditional air conditioning has been replaced by an innovative bowl cooling system.
CLIVE LEWIS: You can sell tickets for banks of seats, and then you can switch on the cooling for different banks of seats and that way we
reduce the energy by about sixth of what you -- you know, of sixth of the energy you would use to cool a conventionally enclosed stadium.
DEFTERIOS: While the design may lean towards green, it also creates unique challenges, including grass that is not quite the right shade, at
least not yet.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: You find temperature on the pitch all different at different parts of the pitch. The humidity is different, the wind is
different and therefore soil conditions are different.
DEFTERIOS: And while the sports hub has suffered its share of embarrassment over its sandy pitch, there are signs of improvement.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We found that we needed a more even plan of regular sunlight all the time. We wanted to get it right more badly than
our harshest critics.
DEFTERIOS: And that's required its operators to adapt their plans for the building, engineered for flexibility, in order to aim for long-term
John Defterios, CNN.
ANDERSON: This is CONNECT THE WORLD with me, Becky Anderson. Welcome back. The top stories for you this hour on CNN.
An economic summit of the Asia-Pacific nations is wrapped up in Beijing. The US, China, and Russia all jockeyed for trade jails and
influence at the summit. Afterwards, US president Barack Obama held additional talks one-on-one with Chinese president Xi Jinping.
In southeastern Pakistan, at least 57 people have been killed in a road collision between a bus and a truck. It happened in Sindh province,
20 people were injured. Authorities say the bus was carrying passengers from the Swat District to Karachi.
Around the world, people are observing Armistice Day marking the end of World War I. In the United States, it's Veteran's Day, to honor those
who have served in the military. The tributes include this one, honoring men and women at Arlington National Cemetery just outside Washington.
In China Tuesday, shoppers indulged in the world's biggest online bonanza, Singles Day. That is when people buy things for themselves,
perhaps in rebellion of Valentine's Day. Last year, online sales exceeded $8 billion. This year, that number is predicted to hit more than $10
billion. That's over three times US black Friday and Cyber Monday sales combined.
A Palestinian man standing on a rooftop in a West Bank refugee camp was shot and killed by Israeli troops. His family says he was watching the
clashes in the streets. Israeli forces say he aimed a homemade weapon at them.
The latest unrest comes as Palestinians mark the tenth anniversary of the death of Yasser Arafat, the most prominent face of Palestinian rights.
We talked earlier in the show about our quest to find the person who's had the most influence on the Middle East this year in 2014, and Yasser Arafat
would certainly have been a contender for that title during his lifetime.
In 1969, he became leader of the PLO, the group, of course, known for terror until 1988, when Arafat renounced it. Arafat signed the Oslo
Accords with Israel in 1993, which helped pave the way for the creation of the Palestinian Authority.
And in 1994, he won the Nobel Peace Prize, along with Israel's Shimon Peres and Yitzhak Rabin for his work towards peace. Two years later, he
was elected president of the Palestinian National Authority, a position he held until his controversial death ten years ago this day.
I want to take you back now to 2004, when he died. CNN's Michael Holmes was in Ramallah for us and he filed this report the day after Yasser
Arafat's funeral. Have a look at this.
MICHAEL HOLMES, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): A dignified and somber start to the day after Yasser Arafat's burial.
Palestinian officials, including the new number-one man at the PLO, Mahmoud Abbas, praying at dawn near the tomb of the former leader.
The prayers marked the start of Eid al-Fitr, the feast that marks the beginning of the end of the month-long observance of Ramadan. Stark
contrast to the chaos of Arafat's burial Friday. A compound that was meant to be off limits to the public the scene of an emotional melee as the
former president was brought back to Ramallah to be interred.
HOLMES: Saturday, visitors -- ordinary Palestinians -- visiting the tomb throughout the day. Eid is also a time to remember the dead. "I came
here today to show my children that we had a leader," this man says. "One who sacrificed his life for our cause."
Elections in two months, concerns about who's next, the question, what will happen now, all put aside this day for remembrance.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE (through translator): Yasser Arafat, I don't think of anyone but Yasser Arafat, because he was a great man.
HOLMES: Despite his failures -- and there were many -- Arafat was always forgiven by his people. Even his closest aides say he was in many
ways one of a kind.
ANDERSON: A series of events to commemorate the anniversary of his death has been scrapped as tensions between Fatah and Hamas rise despite
their agreement to form a unity government earlier in the year. Now, a series of bombings at the home of Fatah leaders has been pinned on Hamas,
although the group has denounced the attack.
So, a decade on, and violence still rules the region Yasser Arafat sought to bring peace to. Two guests joining me now to reflect on his
legacy. Mark Perry is a contributor to "Foreign Policy" magazine and knew Yasser Arafat and author of the book "Talking to Terrorists."
Aaron David Miller, vice president for new initiatives at Woodrow Wilson International Center and a former advisor to six secretaries of
state on Arab-Israeli negotiations.
And you have said, Aaron, in the past of Arafat that you couldn't do the deal with him, but you couldn't do it without him. The paradox, you
say, of him, the key paradox. Take us back to the days when you were involved in negotiations with him, if you will.
AARON DAVID MILLER, WOODROW WILSON INTERNATIONAL CENTER: We spent hundreds of hours with Arafat, and particularly in the final most
determined period of Camp David, and I think what you saw is a leader with tremendous authority and legitimacy and the capacity to actually make
I think that was the good news, and I think you see it reflected since 2004, what's happened to the Palestinian national movement. Right now,
frankly, it still looks like Noah's Ark, there are two of everything. Two constitutions, two sets of security services, two visions of what
constitutes where Palestine is and what it is.
Arafat never would have allowed, frankly, the kind of disillusion and decentralization and the lack of monopoly over the forces of violence.
That, I think, is the good news.
MILLER: The bad news is that I'm not entirely persuaded, and we'll never know, whether or not the transition from the armed struggle to the
statesman who could clearly rule, the question is whether he could govern effectively and make the kinds of decisions that would have been required
to get us to a two-state solution.
And by the way, that by no means frees the Americans and the Israelis for their share of the responsibility in the last, best effort to come to
an agreement on a two-state solution at Camp David.
ANDERSON: All right. Let me, Aaron, bring Mark in at this stage. I know you've said, Mark, that Arafat is controversial amongst Hamas. That
is well-known. But you've said that they across the board still recognize him as the leader of the Palestinian revolution. What would he think of
what was going on today, do you think?
MARK PERRY, AUTHOR, "TALKING TO TERRORISTS": I agree with Aaron. I think that he would have been very disappointed. He was the symbol, the
face of the Palestinian national movement. He controlled the Palestinian National Movement. He put it on the map, he put it on the international
The fact that it slipped off a bit, I think, would be disillusioning to him. He would try desperately to bring it forward. Some of his methods
weren't always what we would approve. He used violence for political ends. But after all, so do many other countries, including the United States.
So, while we look at him askance, I think that his influence and his impact on his time is undeniable.
ANDERSON: Aaron, is this the end of the unity government as we know it? And if so, what are the consequences of that?
MILLER: Becky, is that for me?
MILLER: Yes, I mean, look. I think unity is a kind of faux unity. Unity of the gun, unity of resources, unity of negotiating positions. You
don't have any kind of unity like that. What you have is a tactical unity, which serves to some degree. It's popular in the Palestinian street, at
least when it's functional.
It serves to some degree the interests of Hamas and Fatah. But real unity -- that is to say, consolidation over security services, negotiating
position, governance so you actually could have the West Bank and Gaza somehow reunited under a single political authority? No. That unity was
never available to Hamas and Fatah. And frankly, right now, it's not available still.
ANDERSON: We're seeing, Mark, the further radicalization, it seems, of the Palestinian population. Is there another Arafat-type character who,
as we've said, was very controversial amongst many Palestinians, but is there another character that you see emerging from the ashes of all of
PERRY: It's strange that you would ask because when Aaron was talking I thought, yes, this really comes down to leadership. Can the Palestinians
find someone like Arafat who would bring these warring factions together?
I think that there is a possibility that Khaled Meshal could be that leader. Certainly in Fatah right now, there isn't an emerging leader or a
person of the stature of Arafat, and the Palestinians keep searching for one. Certainly, it's not Abu Mazen.
When I visited Arafat's grave about five years ago, and there were petitions on his grave from Palestinians, political petitions. In many
ways, he's still the address, and no one has emerged to take his place.
ANDERSON: Aaron, the problem for many Palestinians who may support Hamas, who were disillusioned with Yasser Arafat is that a two-state
solution simply isn't good enough for them going forward. Where do things go from here? Are we looking at a third intifada?
MILLER: It's really tough, Becky, to judge. You could only look at the past six months, and you look at violence in Jerusalem on one hand and
you look at the Israeli-Palestinian -- at least the Israeli-Hamas war in Gaza on the other, and yet, the West Bank, home to the largest number of
Palestinians within historic Palestine, is preternaturally quiet.
While the Arab world melts down in a sense, paradoxically, the Israeli-Palestinian space, at least until now, has remained remarkably and
stunningly quiet. I'm not sure we can count on that in the future.
But I will say this: we really are stuck between a two-state solution that right now is impossible to implement and yet a two-state solution
that's impossible for many people to abandon. And it is in that kind of Bermuda Triangle that well-meaning Americans, Israelis, and Palestinians
wander about trying to figure out what it is to do.
ANDERSON: Mark, your thoughts?
PERRY: Well, I agree. I think we're kind of slogging along, marking time. But I think it's very disturbing that the violence has reached such
proportions in Jerusalem and it could get a lot worse. A third intifada is not out of the question.
I've always believed that Israel's real goal here is to destroy the Palestinian national movement. Since the death of Rabin, that's been their
goal. And they're simply going to have to be dissuaded that that's not the way forward. And until that happens, I think that this struggle is going
to continue, sadly, and tragically.
ANDERSON: And lastly, Aaron, 1994, 20 years ago it was that the Nobel Peace Prize was won by Arafat, along with Israel's Shimon Peres and Rabin.
That was for their work towards peace. You see at this stage, that seeming an awfully long, long time ago.
MILLER: It is, and I think it reflects -- Mark is right -- the absence of leadership, not just in the Israeli-Palestinian arena, but in
the region at large. That's why Nelson Mandela's passing was so stunningly important.
Because you really got the sense that the transformative leaders of the past, the greats who were, perhaps, not always entirely likable, but
had the capacity literally to take decisions and become the masters of their political houses, not prisoners of their political constituencies,
that era is gone. It's gone in the Middle East for now, it's gone in the world at large.
And having just finished a new book on the presidency, "The End of Greatness: Why America Can't Have and Doesn't Want Another Great
President," I think it may well be gone in America, too. And it's a seriously worrying trend.
ANDERSON: With that, we'll leave it there. Gentlemen, it's a pleasure to talk to you on what is the tenth anniversary of the death of Yasser
Arafat. Your thoughts enlightening.
Live from Abu Dhabi, this is CONNECT THE WORLD with me, Becky Anderson. Coming up, a New York City doctor has won his battle with Ebola,
but those living in a small village in Sierra Leone are losing theirs. That up next.
ANDERSON: All right, welcome back, CONNECT THE WORLD with me, Becky Anderson, out of the UAE at 8:47 for you.
As we told you at the top of the hour, the New York City doctor treated for Ebola is now heading home. Doctors declared Craig Spencer
cured and are discharging him. Now, New York health officials say he doesn't pose any threat to the public.
Of course, the Ebola outbreak remains highly concentrated in West Africa. According to the World Health Organization, the virus has killed
nearly 5,000 people. More than 20 percent of all fatalities have been in Sierra Leone. ITN's Alex Thompson traveled to one part of that country to
see how entire villages are suffering.
ALEX THOMPSON, ITN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): We're heading out from Freetown towards Kwama, where a contact has said four people died just
yesterday. Before we could even get there, we'd have to stop at Devil Hole.
THOMPSON (on camera): So, we've got one person dead there.
THOMPSON: One person is ill here?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Yes, one (inaudible).
THOMPSON (voice-over): One person dead, several apparently dying. You dial 117 for emergency services here and they're supposed to come for
the sick and the dead. It's after 11:00. They've been calling 117 since 7:00 this morning.
PASTOR ALBERT, CALLED EMERGENCY WORKERS: So, I called at 7:00 this morning, at least to tell them what happened. They responded to my
conversation. But they told me that they would be here very soon.
THOMPSON: So they wait with no protective equipment here, angry, frustrated, frightened.
THOMPSON (on camera): The house you're seeing 50 meters away is, the villagers tell me, the house where this man lived. Now, that's not where
his body is. His body has been moved some -- I don't know -- 80, 100 meters down to the other side of the road here. He's lying under that tree
The problem is, how did he get there? The villagers say that he was moved there, that happened with at least two or three people without an
adequate protection at all. That is a near-certain way of catching and therefore spreading Ebola.
THOMPSON (voice-over): Worse, the villagers tell us the men who carried Osmond Gamundo (ph) to his last resting place have fled into the
jungle. Not far off, we're taken to see where Amanarta Gamundo (ph), one of Osmond's three wives, lies desperately ill with Ebola. People here
don't understand why nobody's come to help.
A policeman arrives, very close and without protection. But what can he do? When you're in Devil Hole, the international aid limit for Sierra
Leone looks to be too little and too late.
We finally make it to Kwama, a ghost village, self-imposed 21-day quarantine after four people died here late yesterday.
ALPHONSUS KANGBO, HEAD TEACHER: In case there is anyone died, no one should wash the body, no one should change the body, unless the burial
team. So for now, to prevent further cases, what we are planning to do is to quarantine the whole village.
THOMPSON: An aid team gets to work to cordon off the area.
FRANCIS PATRICKSON, SOCIETY OF MISSIONARIES FOR AFRICA: Now, sometimes I use my own car to pick up. And of course, I don't touch them
and I use my gloves and a helmet, they are always in the car. I put the -- I load them in the car, I take them to the police.
THOMPSON (on camera): Are you concerned for your own safety?
PATRICKSON: Yes. I don't touch them. When the people speak about my own safety, I used to tell them that I have my sprayer and my prayers.
THOMPSON: OK. Good luck with that, Father, good luck with that.
THOMPSON (voice-over): This afternoon, Amanarta still lay in Devil Hole, her breathing now rapid and shallow. The body of her husband,
Osmond, is in the white Red Cross vehicle next to her. But they only do body collection. They say it'll get worse before it gets better here. The
first part of that certainly true.
ANDERSON: ITN's Alex Thompson reporting from Sierra Leone for you. Well, as you saw, Ebola is simply overwhelming some of the countries
hardest hit right now. Some of the biggest names in music teaming up to raise money to fight it. Bob Geldof for one says more can and should be
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
BOB GELDOF, BAND AID ORGANIZER: Mothers can't cradle their children. Lovers can't comfort each other. Wives can't hold their husbands' hands
while they die. That's not right. It can be stopped.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
ANDERSON: This weekend, Geldof and other musicians will re-record a song used to raise money for Africa nearly 30 years ago. Proceeds from the
new version of "Do They Know It's Christmas?" will be used to fight Ebola.
(MUSIC - "DO THEY KNOW IT'S CHRISTMAS" BY BAND AID)
ANDERSON: You're watching CONNECT THE WORLD with me, Becky Anderson, live from Abu Dhabi. Coming up, what's in a name? Well, a lot if your
business shares its name with a group raining terror on one part of the world. The rebranding dilemma of ISIS, or that ISIS is creating, when we
ANDERSON: CONNECT THE WORLD with me, Becky Anderson, at 8:54 here. It is said that there is no such thing as bad publicity, but if your
business carries the name Isis, then you might just feel a little differently about that. Isa Soares takes a look at the challenges that
some businesses are facing as they see their brand name tainted by what is a militant terrorist group.
ISA SOARES, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Despite horror it now provokes, "Isis" is quite a common name and remains a common
sight on Britain's High Streets. Many of these businesses have chosen the name because of its association with the ancient Egyptian goddess renowned
for her beauty, love, and integrity.
But now, its unwanted association with a militant group is causing companies who bear the same name to think twice. British retailer Ann
Summers, who recently launched a line of Isis plunge bras and thongs, has recently had to apologize for the misunderstanding in the name.
American spy comedy "Archer," whose agency goes by the name the International Secret Intelligence Service, has been forced to write ISIS
out of the show.
Even Downton Abbey has faced criticism after its poor old Labrador Isis was written out of the script.
HUGH BONNEVILLE AS ROBERT CRAWLEY, "DOWNTON ABBEY": She's got cancer, poor old thing.
SOARES: In real life, the damage to a brand can cause plenty of real drama. Take Isis Wallet, the mobile payment technology set up by AT&T, T-
Mobile, and Verizon, changed its name to Softcard back in September. Its CEO tells me he had no other choice.
MICHAEL ABBOTT, CEO, SOFTCARD: I received personally over 1,000 e- mails from people thanking us for taking a stance and deciding to make the change, and we did it in a matter of about eight weeks. Everybody was
vocal about the situation, whether it would be our customers or our clients.
In fact, there was no way forward with our clients. I could not see a Coca-Cola or McDonald's or an AT&T or an American Express staying behind a
name like Isis.
SOARES: Here in the UK, some businesses are also following suit. Isis Equity Partners, who has had that brand name since 1998, tells CNN,
"Given the ongoing events in Syria and Iraq, it will come as no surprise to you to learn that we have decided to change our name. We are no longer
prepared to share it with a terrorist organization." But rebranding can be a challenge.
STEPHEN CHELIOTIS, CEO, TIME CENTRE FOR BRAND ANALYSIS: The rebranding exercise can be massively expensive, not just to consultancy in
terms of creating the name and the kind of vision around that, but actually getting it out there to your customers, explaining to your customers that
you've changed name.
If you're one shop, obviously the cost is pretty small. But if you're a bigger brand, it can escalate into millions if not tens or hundreds of
SOARES (on camera): There are some hundred smaller businesses here in the UK with the name Isis, but there could be many more, as many are not
registered. And for these smaller companies, changing a name can be costly, leaving some to take a much simpler approach to rebranding.
Isa Soares, CNN, London.
ANDERSON: From the team here in the UAE, it is a very good evening.