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CONNECT THE WORLD
Gaps Still Between Both Sides 24 Hours From Deadline In Iran Nuclear Talks; After Six Year Wait, Lewis Hamilton Is Champion Of Formula One Again; At Least 38 Dead In ISIS Attack On Ramadi; Russian Foreign Minister Accuses West of Wanting Regime Change; Pets Abandoned in Ukraine Conflict; Ferguson Grand Jury to Reconvene Monday; #Influencer2014 Highlights Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi; Parting Shots: Tattoos of Kobani; Fast Money; Next Generation of Emirati Racers; Soaring Strategy
Aired November 23, 2014 - 11:00 ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
JOHN KERRY, U.S. SECRETARY OF STATE: A lot of serious work is going on by a lot of people.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
JIM CLANCY, HOST: But will it pay off? The deadline for an Iran nuclear deal is now just a day away.
We've got this story covered from the talks in Vienna.
Also ahead, the battle for Anbar Province. Iraqi forces and tribal fighters facing off against ISIS in the regional capital.
And on top of the world in Abu Dhabi, Lewis Hamilton racing to a memorable victory in the Middle East.
ANNOUNCER: Live from CNN Center, this is Connect the World.
CLANCY: After several rounds of talks, bilaterals, multi-laterals, the clock continues to tick towards Monday's deadline to try to reach a deal on
Iran's nuclear program. Russia's foreign minister Sergei Lavrov headed to Vienna for the final stage of these negotiations. Six world powers are
trying to get Tehran to scale down its nuclear activities. Iranian media have been reporting that it will be impossible to reach a deal by the
Our chief U.S. correspondent Jim Sciutto is in Vienna for us looking at the situation there.
Jim, both sides say they have red lines. They say they do want a deal. But neither side appears ready to cross those red lines in order to get
JIM SCIUTTO, CNN CORRESPONDENT: That's right, Jim. Both sides still describe significant gaps, but I spoke to a senior State Department
official earlier today who said that they are taking positive steps. And you know it's interesting, you had one report out of Iran quoting Iranian
officials saying impossible to reach a deal by the dealine. You had the same Iranian news agency quoting other Iranian officials saying they've got
a very positive read on these talks from Ari Larajani (ph), he's the parliamentary speaker.
So you have so much conflicting information coming out of this impenetrable building behind me where the talks have been taking place by design,
frankly. They want these to be in privacy, in silence. Really, so hard to read at this point.
And on the positive side, you have a flurry of diplomatic visits now, the foreign ministers of Britain, France, Russia, all arriving tonight,
presumably to try to narrow these gaps, these red lines you say that still exist.
CLANCY: Jim, as we look at it, you know, maybe it's too early, but what happens if there is no deal? Before these negotiations, people were
talking -- going as far as talking about military strikes.
SCIUTTO: Well, you know -- and there are still parties who talk about that. You had a report in an Israeli newspaper yesterday just saying
Israel reconsidering a military strike in light of the talks that are going on here.
Listen, you have a whole range of possibilities.
At the extreme ends, you have on the one hand the possibility of a complete collapse of the negotiations, or on the other hand some sort of celebrated
comprehensive agreement by the deadline. More likely, frankly, is either an extension to tomorrow's deadline, or the possibility of a framework
agreement which you then negotiate more of the details or any unresolved issues over the coming weeks. So that you can say you've made progress
forward from the interim agreement even if you haven't settled all of those redline issues.
Somewhere in that middle ground, Jim, and I would say is where the bedding is here. But the fact is that those of us standing outside the Palais
Kolberg (ph) behind me, don't know. And frankly it's possible that those people negotiating inside don't know the answer to that question yet. It's
going to be a busy and difficult 24 hours.
CLANCY: Jim Sciutto reporting there live for us from Vienna. Jim, as always, thank you.
Now, we have much more on those nuclear negotiations coming up a little bit later this hour. We're going to cross live for our correspondent Reza
Sayah in Tehran and get a look at how the talks are being viewed there and what a nuclear deal might mean for Iran.
We'll also have a guest analysis on why it's been so difficult to reach a deal thus far and what happens if Monday's deadline comes and goes without
Well, meantime, what could be a critical battle is playing out next door to Iran in Iraq.
These are the sounds of war from a city of Ramadi where the Sunni extremist group ISIS is fighting to take full control of Anbar Province. If Ramadi
falls, so officials fear, will the entire Anbar Province, moving ISIS yet closer to Baghdad.
Our Jomana Karadsheh is in Baghdad, joins us now live with more. Airstrikes today, but unclear which aircraft were involved?
JOMANA KARADSHEH, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Well, Jim, here is what we are getting. This is the latest coming from the deputy governor of Anbar
Province. We just spoke to him about the situation there. He said that the fighting in the center of Ramadi has pretty much stopped at this point.
He describes a relatively calm situation right now.
But he says a very critical battle is continuing, a very dangerous situation, he says, in the eastern suburb of Ramadi. This is where the
fighting has been ongoing for the past three days. That is a very strategic area, as we have mentioned. This is a long -- the only supply
line for the Iraqi military and tribal forces in Ramadi.
He says ISIS militants have cut off that supply line and the fighting is very fierce, he says, in this area.
He also says tah there have been air strikes, as you mentioned, that began today at 1:00 p.m. local time. He says they were coalition airstrikes, but
we have not yet heard from the U.S. Central Command yet -- we should be hearing from them shortly -- about these daily updates on the airstrikes.
But the deputy governor, Jim, is saying these airstrikes have helped Iraqi security forces, but it is nowhere near enough. The Iraqi security forces
and tribal forces, he says, are trying to push back the ISIS militants, trying to take back this strategic area. But ISIS is putting up a really
fierce fight. He says there seems to be a determination by ISIS to take Ramadi. And this is what they are sensing there, a real concern for the
casualty of figures, Jim, 37 people, he says, have been killed so far since the beginning on the fighting on Friday when ISIS launched this coordinated
assault on Ramadi, that includes civilians, security forces and members of tribes, Jim.
CLANCY: Jomana Karadsheh reporting to us there live from Baghdad, a very crucial battle continues in Anbar Province in and around the city of
Ramadi. Thank you.
In Afghanistan, a suicide bomber has killed at least 45 people, another 60 people have been wounded, a provincial official says the blast occurred at
a volleyball match in eastern Afghanistan, moe than 100 people had gathered there when the blast ripped through a crowd. This comes after the lower
house of the Afghan Parliament approved a mission to extend U.S. and NATO combat roles in the country.
Erin McPike joins me now live from CNN Washington with more details on that.
Some people say this is a reversal, others say it's more like an enhancement.
ERIN MCPIKE, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Well, Jim, what it is, is an extension. President Obama said in May in the Rose Garden that U.S. troops would wind
down their presence in Afghanistan, that they would simply remain there to train Afghan security forces and then conduct counterterrorism operations
against the remnants of al Qaeda. No more combat, that was the president's message in the Rose Garden.
But going forward into 2015 and possibly beyond, he has given U.S. troops the authority to carry out combat missions if needed against the Taliban
and others if U.S. troops and Afghan troops are threatened there in Afghanistan. So it could be that there is continued combat throughout
2015, but just if it is needed.
It is not a new offensive, it is just giving the military what they have requested from the Defense Department according to that New York Times
article, they really felt that they needed this authority in order to protect Americans.
What we have heard from some military analyst, though, is they're not sure if this will work with simply 9,800 U.S. troops still there. They think
maybe there should be more in order to carry out these missions if they're needed, Jim.
CLANCY: Erin McPike reporting to us there from CNN Washington. Erin, thank you.
Well, still to come right here, set adrift by war then left to roam the scarred streets of Eastern Ukraine, how an animal shelter is trying to find
homes for the four-legged residents of Donetsk.
Plus, talks in Vienna could lead to new restrictions on Iran's nuclear program. We're going to hear what Iranians have to say about any potential
deal with the west.
CLANCY: This is CNN. I'm Jim Clancy. And you are with Connect the World. Becky Anderson is off today.
We've got to focus really on what's going on in Vienna, Austria today. The deadline to reach a deal on Iran's nuclear program is within 24 hours.
Some major gaps, we're told, remain between the two sides. Six world powers trying to negotiate their way through a web of issues with Iran,
trying to get the country to limit its nuclear program. And in return, Iran wants to see sanctions against it totally lifted.
Iranian media have been reporting that it's going to be impossible to strike an agreement by the Monday deadline, at least they've been reporting
that in some outlets.
Let's get more from CNN's Reza Sayah, he joins us live from Tehran -- Reza.
REZA SAYAH, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Jim, the suspense growing here in Tehran. Many Iranians eager to see what happens in the nuclear
talks in Vienna. There's so much at stake for the Iranian population when it comes to these nuclear talks. Remember, they've endured years of
sanctions, economic and political isolation. They want all of that to end.
How badly do Iranians want a deal? And what are they willing to give up for an agreement. Here's how we found out.
SAYAH: In Tehran, anticipation grows as the deadline nears for the nuclear talks between Iran and the world powers.
Everyone here, it seems, has a take on the negotiations. So we decided to get a cross-section of opinion while traveling across the capital Tehran.
First stop, south Tehran, home of the blue collar working class.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE (through translator): As an Iranian, I always want friendly relations with the world. I hope all the western governments lift
the sanctions and bring good news on November 24.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE (through translator): It's what everyone wants, to reach an agreement that benefits Iran.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE (through translator): Why wouldn't I want a deal? I want them to reach a deal so people can live in peace.
SAYAH: Next stop central Tehran, home of the middle class and numerous business districts.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE (through translator): If there's an agreement, everything will be easier: the sanctions will be lifted, the economy will
improve and so will relations with the world.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE (through translator): I want us to have peace and better lives as long as we don't give up our rights.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE (through translator): The other side talks a lot, but we shouldn't listen. We have to stay our path. Our nuclear energy program is
SAYAH: Then it was off to our final destination, a drive up Balias Road (ph) to north Tehran, home of ritzy boutiques and Tehran's well to do.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE (through translator): If there is a positive outcome and better relations, we'll have better lives at home. It will improve
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE (through translator): I think if we get out of these sanctions, the situation will improve. There will be more jobs, a better
UNIDENTIFIED MALE (through translator): We don't want a deal at any price, only if it's fair and right, a deal where Iran's rights are addressed and
the west's rights are addressed.
SAYAH: So based on what we observed with that little mini tour of Tehran, the consensus is clear, the overwhelming majority of Iranians want a deal,
they want an agreement signed between Iran and the world powers tomorrow, but they insist that they don't want to back down from the rights to what
they call a peaceful nuclear program.
Will there be an agreement in about 24 hours? Indications are that there is a lot of obstacles, but many people here in Iran waiting for an outcome.
CLANCY: Reza, you know -- and you pointed out there, they don't want to give up their rights. There are red lines that have been drawn by the
Iranian side. There are red lines that have been drawn by the P5+1 as we look at this. And one wonders whether there is any middle ground between
those two red lines, whether there is some way of striking a bargain here that can satisfy both sides?
SAYAH: That's how you reach any agreement is to reach a middle ground, like with any agreement you have to give something substantial to get
something in return. And Iran's position is they've already given concessions. They've already compromised. If you look at the past year,
when they signed the interim deal, one year ago last year they've stopped enrichment uranium at 5 percent, they've down-blended and eliminated their
20 percent uranium -- enriched uranium stockpile. They've reconfigured the Iraq heavy water reactor. They've agreed not to make advancements. And
they've agreed to increased inspections. That's why their position is they're ready to compromise, they're ready to make concessions and they
believe it's the other side, the west, Washington that's being inflexible - - Jim.
CLANCY: You know, Reza, we heard yesterday from the talks -- one of the Iranians was quoted as saying well I have nothing new to take home and run
past any of my -- the leaders, any of the higher authority figures back in Tehran. What has the leadership been saying in the last week there in
SAYAH: Well, the Supreme Leader Ayatollah Khamenei has been very silent. And he's played the role of observer. And he's put his faith, all
indications are, in the negotiation team lead by Mohammad Javad Zarif. And these two sides, Mr. Zarif, Mr. Kerry and all the members of the world
powers have done a remarkable job in keeping secret these talks.
So there's very little indication of where things stand, other than some comments that there's gaps that are remaining.
But the leadership in Iran are backing the Iranian negotiating team. They believe that they've offered concessions and compromised. And from their
position they're waiting on the west to respond -- Jim.
CLANCY: Reza Sayah, great job, thank you for your little tour of the capital, really giving a feel for the different voices there in Iran,
voices that seem to be very, you know, similar. They're striking the same tone here, yes we want a deal, yes we want to keep our rights. Thank you
so much Reza, nice reporting.
And I want to turn now to an expert on U.S.-Iranian relations. Trita Parsi, founder and president of the National Iranian-American council, he
joins me now. He's live. He's there in Vienna where the talks are located.
And Trita, we're being told that, you know, there is nothing coming out of the talks about the substance there. Do we have any idea what the real
sticking point are?
TRITA PARSI, NATIONAL IRANIAN-AMERICAN COUNCIL: Well, we do know what the sticking points are, but when it comes to the fact that not a lot of
substance is coming out I think at the end of the day it's probably a positive sign, both sides are very tight-lipped, but they are constantly
meeting with each other. I think Kerry is now having his fifth meeting with Zarif scheduled before dinner today.
So, that's actually a positive sign.
The things that seem to be remaining, of course, is the extent of the Iranian centrifuge program on the one hand, and the sanctions and the order
and the pace of the sanctions relief that the west is willing to put on the table. That seems to be the main sticking points. And then they're
working ferociously against the clock right now.
CLANCY: You know, Trita, I may be getting ahead of myself, but at the risk of doing that, I've got to ask you, in a case there is no deal. What then?
Have we built up any trust here one side to the other? The Iranians have taken steps, diluting, if I can use that word, their nuclear program, over
the past year.
PARSI: The idea of a complete no deal is quite unlikely at this stage. They may need a little bit extra time before they hit a hard deadline,
which is when the new Republican Senate comes in to office. But if they need a couple of more weeks to hash out things, I think that is doable.
And it wouldn't necessarily be a disaster.
But the idea of a complete collapse, which we cannot rule out, would be an extremely negative scenario for both sides. I think Wendy Sherman, the
lead U.S. negotiator, put it quite well. The name of the game on both sides would be escalation. That means that the U.S. would try to escalate
things -- sanctions-wise, perhaps even militarily. And the Iranians would go back to expanding their nuclear program. There's no winners in that
CLANCY: Trita, when you look across these talks and the historical nature of them, there's been a lot of talk about breakout, about building you know
right up to the threshold of a nuclear weapon and all of these things, what do these talks really signify?
PARSI: Well, I mean, if there actually is a deal, and if it is followed by a significant reduction of U.S.-Iran tensions and perhaps also somewhat of
a reorientation of Iranian foreign policy, it can have positive repercussions throughout the region on par with the negative repercussions
that the Iranian revolution had in 1979, it's that big. It's that historic.
CLANCY: Trita Parsi, it is always great talking with you. Glad to have you with us there live from Vienna...
PARSI: Thank you for having me.
CLANCY: Looking on. You know, you're very close to the history you were just talking about there in these important negotiations. Thanks.
PARSI: Well, live from CNN Center, this is Connect the World. And coming up next, it's taken more than six year, but Lewis Hamilton back on top in
the world of Formula One racing. We'll be live at the scene of his latest victory, his season finale in Abu Dhabi straight ahead.
CLANCY: You're watching Connect the World. Welcome back everyone. Becky Anderson is off today.
Well, to the world of motorsport now -- excuse me, I say we're going to have much more on the nuclear negotiations coming up. I want to go to the
world of motorsport. Lewis Hamilton once again the Formula One champion of the world. Our Amanda Davies joins us now by phone from Abu Dhabi, that's
of course where the grand prix came roaring to a halt a short while ago. Amanda, tell us all about it.
AMANDA DAVIES, CNN SPORTS CORRESPONDENT: Absolutely, Jim.
Yeah, the party is well underway in the Lewis Hamilton (inaudilbe) Mercedes garage. His parents are here. His brother Nick is there. His girlfriend
Nicole Scherzinger has flown in. The champagne is flowing because many people were surprised at the wait that it's been since title number one
back in 2008. He's more than made up for it, though, this season, Lewis Hamilton.
Of course, it came right down to here, the final race of the season, because of that somewhat controversial double point that had been imposed
by Bernie Ecclestone for this race in Abu Dhabi. It became a straight shootout really between Hamilton and his Mercedes teammate Nico Rosberg.
The team were just hoping that it was going to be a clean race with Rosberg going into the race 17 points behind Lewis Hamilton.
But it wasn't to be. Just after the halfway stage of the race Nico Rosberg started talking about some loss of engine power and from there he was never
really able to catch up with Hamilton.
You have to say, though, that at that stage Hamilton really was out in front and heading well towards his second title.
He crossed the line to great woo hoos and cheers. The first person to speak to him was (inaudible) of the royal family. He stood in the pit
wall. He called Lewis Hamilton a legend and congratulated him for everything he was doing for Britain.
Lewis had said he had woken up at 6:00 this morning and had been counting down the minutes to the race.
But I think he will now be thinking it was absolutely worth the wait.
CLANCY: Amanda Davies there calling it for us. A thrilling conclusion to a thrilling season, certainly for Lewis Hamilton once again the Formula One
champion of the world. We'll have the latest world news headlines coming up shortly.
Plus, the U.S. is bracing for a decision in a case that has become a flashpoint for race relations. We'll bring you a live report from
Ferguson, Missouri coming up.
CLANCY: This is CONNECT THE WORLD and these are your top stories this hour. In Nigeria, dozens of fish traders have been killed in a brutal attack by
Boko Haram gunmen. The Islamic militants bound their hands and threw them in Lake Chad near Borno state, drowning them or cutting their throats. The
head of the fish traders' association says that they were intercepted on a road as they were going to buy fish, 48 people are dead.
A Jerusalem prosecutor charging an Israeli border police officer with manslaughter in the death of a Palestinian teen. This is exclusive video
CNN recorded in May during a clash in Ramallah. That highlighted circle showed you the youth that was killed by the officer. The officer claimed
he was using rubber bullets. The indictment accuses him of intentionally firing live ammunition.
Tunisia holding its first presidential election since the country ousted its dictator in the Arab Spring three years ago. Tunisia, of course, was
the birthplace, really, of the pro-democracy uprisings that swept across the Middle East and North Africa.
Russia's foreign minister going to Austria for the final stage of nuclear negotiations with Iran. The deadline for world powers to reach a deal with
Tehran coming right down. It's Monday. Officials have indicated wide gaps remain, and they are open to a possible extension.
Meantime, comments from the Russian foreign minister on another matter are revealing some of the worst relations between Russia and the West since the
Cold War ended. Sergey Lavrov accusing Europe and the US of using sanctions against Russia not just to put pressure on the government to
change course on Ukraine, but to force regime change in Moscow.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
SERGEY LAVROV, RUSSIAN FOREIGN MINISTER (through translator): As for the concept behind the use of coercive measures, the West is making it clear it
does not want to try to change the policy of the Russian Federation, which in itself is an illusion, they want to change the regime. Practically no
one denies this.
Always when sanctions were imposed in the past, while I was still working in New York, our Western partners, whether we were talking about North
Korea, Iran, or any other states, it was said that sanctions should be formulated in such a way that they remain within humanitarian limits so
that they do not harm the social sphere or economy, but so that they touch the elite in a selective, targeted way.
Now the situation is completely the opposite. The leaders of Western countries publicly say that there's a need to impose sanctions that will
destroy the economy and cause public protests.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
CLANCY: A dire assessment there from Sergey Lavrov. Current sanctions against Russia do limit access to foreign capital for some of the country's
largest banks. For his part, President Vladimir Putin has said repeatedly the sanctions will not lead to what he called "catastrophic consequences"
on Russia's economy.
Meantime, in Ukraine, the fighting between pro-Russia separatists and the Ukrainian government goes on. People who are fleeing their homes sometimes
forced to leave everything behind, including their pets. More now from CNN's Phil Black.
PHIL BLACK, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Among the gutted buildings and shell-scarred streets of Donetsk, it's impossible not to
notice the city's population of street dogs is soaring.
BLACK: The only animal shelter is struggling to keep up. Director Victoria Vasilyeva tells me they're at capacity. There are 800 dogs here.
Many were abandoned as their owners fled the fighting between separatists and Ukrainian government forces. Others, like Jennifer, were orphaned by
Victoria says Jennifer's owners were killed in an artillery strike. They found her in the ruins of their home, traumatized. In this room, they care
for those physically injured by the war. They found this puppy suffering with a broke leg and a deep, infected shrapnel wound.
It's possible a small number of these animals will be very lucky. The charity behind the facility has helped some find new homes as far away as
Germany, Finland, and the United States. But those on the outside face a far more difficult reality as this region's bitter winter approaches.
They share that struggle and the streets with many desperate residents of Donetsk who are just trying to survive the consequences of war. Here,
people lay out what little they own, possessions worth almost nothing, hoping someone will buy something.
There are few jobs in this city. Pensions are not being paid. Whole neighborhoods without power, and temperatures will soon drop well below
"I don't know how we will live," this woman says. The rebels have secured this city's independence for the foreseeable future, but many now endure a
bleak and uncertain existence.
Phil Black, CNN, Donetsk, Eastern Ukraine.
CLANCY: Meantime, in the US city of Ferguson, Missouri, a grand journey still deciding whether to indict the white police officer who shot and
killed an unarmed black teenager, still considering whether or not a verdict can be reached.
Law enforcement sources tell CNN the jurors are going to reconvene on Monday. Demonstrators are demanding that Officer Darren Wilson face
charges for killing 18-year-old Michael Brown. Authorities are preparing for any possible violence that may erupt when the decision is announced.
Let's bring in CNN's Sara Sidner. She joins us now, live from Ferguson. And I think it is safe to say everyone expects there to be widespread
protest no matter what this grand jury decides.
SARA SIDNER, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Yes, I think that's fair to say. There are a lot of folks here, not just from Ferguson and the St.
Louis area, but folks from out of town, who have come here because this has really turned more into a movement about the issues between African-
American, males in particular, and police.
And so a lot of folks are looking at this as a much bigger issue than just one, although keeping in mind their support for Michael Brown's family.
On the other side, there are folks that say why don't we just let the grand jury do its job, let the justice system work the way it normally works, and
then everyone can make the decision as to what to do.
But certainly this city is on pins and needles, and they have been for now three months, waiting for this decision. And a lot of folks just want to
hear what that decision is, and then try to move forward with whatever happens in the aftermath of that, Jim.
CLANCY: Now, we have heard that there is an incredible amount of data that has been submitted in this case. That's not usually normal. And they idea
behind that might be that the government -- the prosecutor's office, there, is going to try to make all of this public so everyone can examine the
evidence and perhaps better understand why this grand jury came to whatever decision that it comes to.
But as we try to predict things, it's almost impossible to do so, and I'm just wondering, you've got protest leaders there who have been working,
cooperating with police. They've been saying they don't want this to turn violent.
SIDNER: That's absolutely true. And over the past 100 or so days, there really hasn't been violence. People talk about violent protests, the
protesters have been loud, they have ranted and raved and chanted, but they really haven't done anything criminal, if you will.
There have been arrests, however, and the police point out that sometimes the protesters get in the road and they do stop traffic. Sometimes they
bait police, trying to get the police to come out of the building by standing in the road or sitting in the road.
But the truth of the matter is, there hasn't been anything looted, there hasn't been anybody that has gotten injured or hurt over the past 100 or so
days. And so, the protesters point out that they are simply exercising their right to protest.
On the other hand, you've got businesses here who are afraid that there may be violence, and so they've boarded up. And many of the businesses along
the strip near the police department as well as West Florissant, where the initial protesting happened back in August, have completely boarded their
buildings up in anticipation.
Jim, you mentioned also the grand jury and the information that we may see. The only way that we are going to get to see the information that the grand
jury looked it -- and it is a lot of information: witness testimony, whatever evidence -- is if there is no indictment. Then we will see that
CLANCY: All right. Sara Sidner, there, summing it up. An entire city really on knife's edge at this point, waiting to hear the decision of a
grand jury in a very racially charged case. Thank you.
Well, the team right here at CONNECT THE WORLD wants to hear from you, facebook.com/CNNconnect. Have your say. And you can always send me a
tweet, @ClancyCNN, one word, @ClancyCNN.
Why not get involved in our search for the most influential person in the Middle East this year by using the hash tag #Influencer2014? Well, here's
a controversial one, too, about the most controversial one of the year. Today's candidate, self-proclaimed caliph of the Islamic State, better
known as ISIS.
Abu Bark al-Baghdadi now oversees one of the most famous and -- infamous, I should say -- and richest terror networks anywhere on the planet. He's
drawn the West and the Middle East into a physical battle and a war of ideology.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Much about Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi is a mystery, but not his viciousness.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: His allure comes from promoting brutality.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: He didn't just come out to say hello to his followers, he came out to say, "I am the new leader of the entire Muslim world."
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Known for ferocious attacks, his mission, to fight for an Islamic fundamentalist takeover of Iraq and Syria.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
CLANCY: Well, is this self-proclaimed caliph your man? Make your selection, visit cnnarabic.com/influencer2014. You'll find summaries of
all the candidates, and you can select three finalists for a huge debate in our town hall special. That's going to be next month.
Also, remember to use the hash tag #Influencer2014 if you're joining the conversation over on Twitter. It's going to be an interesting debate.
Well, they Syrian town of Kobani has been a symbolic place for the fight against ISIS. In tonight's Parting Shots, I want to bring you a different
side of Kobani, an old tradition, a tradition of women putting tattoos on their faces. Here's that story in the words of American photojournalist
JODI HILTON, PHOTOJOURNALIST: My name is Jodi Hilton. I'm an American photographer. I did a project about the tattooed women of Kobani. I
photographed women who were living in refugee camps, and I was interested in the Kurdish traditions of what's called Deq. Deq is the traditional
tattoos that you see on older women. Younger women are no longer using the tradition.
In Islam, tattoos are haram, but amongst the Kurdish tribes people, tattoos were common, especially for women who were now in their 80s. One of the
anthropologists I spoke to who studies these tattoos told me that they are secretly keeping their traditions, although they had formerly converted to
Oftentimes, the women have tattoos from their lip to their chin, and this is the sort of secret part of the women's face. It was a sign of beauty,
and it was also a sign of tribal identification. Depending on the size and the motifs, you could differentiate if the woman was from a big and
important tribe or a smaller one.
Sometimes, the tattoos were meant to ward off evil. In the tattoos, you see different kinds of symbols. There are circles, there are stars. There
is something like a sun tattoo, which women oftentimes have between their eyes. And these are symbols from nature.
One of the images is like an animal. It's like a gazelle. This was supposed to be for beautification. A Kobani woman's tattoos can show more
beyond just the lines and dots. They tell the story of her life.
CLANCY: Fascinating. I'm Jim Clancy and that was CONNECT THE WORLD. Thank you for joining us.
JOHN DEFTERIOS, HOST: This week on MARKETPLACE MIDDLE EAST, fast cars, big money. How a half decade of Formula 1 in Abu Dhabi is fueling investment.
Plus, a soaring strategy to boost business. We speak to the chief executive of Boeing about their regional expansion plans.
Welcome to MARKETPLACE MIDDLE EAST. Now in its fifth season, the F1 circuit has helped put the UAE capital on the global map, with thousands of
fans flocking to this circuit each and every year. It has been a nail- biting season. But long-term, are the financial results as exhilarating? Amir Daftari takes a look.
AMIR DAFTARI, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): As capital cities go, Abu Dhabi can be pretty muted. But once a year, the volume gets
turned way up.
(FORMULA 1 ENGINES RACING)
DAFTARI: Concerts. Parties. Fandoms. All doing their very best to draw in as many paying customers as possible. Little wonder, then, that major
companies want to associate themselves with an international brand that's worth around $10 billion.
PETER BAUMGARTNER, CHIEF COMMERCIAL OFFICER, ETIHAD AIRWAYS: Formula 1 is certainly on the global stage. Can give you overnight fame when you
activate it correctly, as Abu Dhabi had done so brilliantly with the race, and thus being associated with that fantastic race.
DAFTARI: Etihad Airways has been the main sponsor of the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix since its first race five years ago. As well as offering companies
exposure to a global audience of millions, the Grand Prix is also a hive for networking. David Sanderson is in the business of helping companies
build relationships around the F1.
DAVID SANDERSON, REGIONAL DIRECTOR, FAST TRACK MIDDLE EAST: What these businesses are looking to do is to engage with partners, both ones that
they're currently doing business with, and ones that they are looking to do business with over a weekend where they can showcase what Abu Dhabi has to
DAFTARI: And that's what it really comes down to, positioning Abu Dhabi as the biggest brand of all, something it has struggled to do in the shadow of
its neighbor, Dubai.
AL TAREQ AL AMERI, CEO, YAS MARINA CIRCUIT: We are very pleased so far with F1 events and the value that brings to Abu Dhabi, and we hope to
continue that into the future.
DAFTARI: And bringing value to Abu Dhabi means bringing value to sports fans, concertgoers, and business leaders alike.
DEFTERIOS: As Amir explained, having the F1 racing circuit here has broadened the range of investment into Abu Dhabi, but there's a lesser-
known impact on the UAE capital, and that is breeding the next generation of Emirati racers. Let's take a look.
DEFTERIOS (voice-over): In the classroom, Rashid al Dhaheri is like any of his fellow students.
RASHID AL DHAHERI, CHILD RACE DRIVER: I -- want -- two -- GO-karts.
DEFTERIOS: But upon closer inspection, it's clear, even with his schoolwork, that he is wild about Formula 1 racing.
R. AL DHAHERI: Driving -- until -- I -- got -- tired.
(GO-KART ENGINE RACING)
R. AL DHAHERI: Hello, my name is Rashid al Dhaheri. I'm six years old, and I look forward to be an F1 driver.
DEFTERIOS: This compact UAE national spends all his waking hours on a mission to be behind the wheel.
(GO-KART ENGINE RACING)
DEFTERIOS (on camera): So, what are your three favorite things about a race car?
R. AL DHAHERI: How fast it goes, how technical is it, and how -- the sound of the gears.
DEFTERIOS (voice-over): Rashid's father, an oil and gas executive, said his son just adores engines.
ALI AL DHAHERI, RASHID'S FATHER: Sometimes when we drive our car, we are going into a tunnel, he just says, "Put, Daddy, the window, OK?" And "I
just want to hear the engine inside the tunnel."
DEFTERIOS (on camera): Rashid got the F1 bug very early in life. He saw his first race in 2011 when he was just three years old. After visiting
the pit stop, he asked his father and his mother if he could be an F1 driver.
DEFTERIOS (voice-over): It was on that day Rashid met his idol, Ferrari's Fernando Alonso. Around the Al Forsan track, the GO-kart driver is known
as Little Alonso, sporting his idol's helmet. Paul Chatenay has been coaching him since he was five.
DEFTERIOS (on camera): You see a child on the outside, but what happens to him when he goes into the car?
PAUL CHATENAY, RASHID'S MANAGER: For me, when he comes into his GO-kart, he just focuses on his line, knows exactly what he has to do, and switches
off from each and every outside element.
DEFTERIOS (voice-over): Rashid is advancing quickly, graduating to a 60 cc engine after his first year, a category where he has to stay until he's 12.
(GO-KART ENGINE RACING)
DEFTERIOS: He scored four wins during the six-month Italian karting season.
R. AL DHAHERI: I like Italy because there's more people and it's a big crowd. And it's more competitive. In Abu Dhabi, it's like nothing.
(GO-KART ENGINE RACING)
DEFTERIOS: The young talent is backed by five UAE sponsors, and his father tells me he was already approached by a racing team to sign Little Alonso.
Al Dhaheri said he and his spouse are determined to have Rashid enjoy a normal childhood. And they of course share real concerns for his safety,
but they have a lot of trust in their little racer.
A. AL DHAHERI: It's very important to strike a balance, and we as parents, we never pushed Rashid into it. I have to say, he's also not a big risk-
taker. He's a very careful, very gentle with his driving.
(GO-KART ENGINE RACING)
DEFTERIOS: It did not feel that way when he raced yours truly around the track.
(GO-KART ENGINE RACING)
DEFTERIOS: After a gingerly start, he left me in the dust.
(GO-KART ENGINE RACING)
DEFTERIOS (on camera): Nice job.
DEFTERIOS (voice-over): More than a half minute later, I roll in.
DEFTERIOS (on camera): Beaten by a six-year-old.
DEFTERIOS (voice-over): Beaten badly by this energetic but kind six-year- old.
R. AL DHAHERI: One more time?
DEFTERIOS: A look, there, at Abu Dhabi's future racer. Well, this is a region that's made its name through airport connections. When we come
back, I speak to the chairman and chief executive of Boeing on how to make money in a region that is growing but remains very volatile.
DEFTERIOS: Welcome back to MARKETPLACE MIDDLE EAST. This F1 circuit has been part of a massive five-year build-out here in Abu Dhabi, which
continues. By mid-2017, Abu Dhabi will have a new midterm terminal at a cost of nearly $3 billion, the home of Etihad Airways.
It's another reason why Boeing remains very bullish on the region. Orders of nearly 3,000 planes over the next two decades. Here's our interview
with the chairman and chief executive of the aircraft maker.
JIM MCNERNEY, CEO AND CHAIRMAN, BOEING: The Emirates growth -- Emirates broadly speaking, the geographic area -- has been an incredible driver of
growth, and the business model is all about becoming the Hong Kong of this century.
DEFTERIOS: It's interesting, if you look at the passenger growth of the airlines, it's more than double -- in some cases, much more than that, in
the Gulf states. Do you see, for example, the drop in oil prices dislocating this growth that we've seen, particularly in the last five
MCNERNEY: I don't think so. I think the band of expectation on oil prices -- it depends upon who you talk to -- could be $40 up to $120. I don't
think that dramatically changes the requirement for new, more fuel- efficient airplanes that we're seeing right now, particularly in this part of the country.
DEFTERIOS: Is it your assumption now, though, that you've been able to break this link between GDP growth and actual orders for Boeing as a result
MCNERNEY: Yes. I think if you look at our order book, close to 50 percent is riding with GDP growth, and the other 50 percent is replacement,
obsolescence, because new technology is that much better than the technology it replaces at virtually any contemplatable oil price. So, it's
-- it's a big driver of our growth.
DEFTERIOS: I looked at your recent study that was suggesting that you're looking at almost 3,000 plane orders over the next 20 years, about a half a
trillion dollars. Does that factor in the geopolitics, the dislocation we've seen as a result of the Arab Spring?
MCNERNEY: Part of the answer is, a lot of the turmoil is in the lower growth parts of this region, and therefore not really impacting the parts
around it that are the high-growth parts, like right here, and in Saudi and some other places.
DEFTERIOS: In fact, for the first time in 35 years, Boeing has sent some parts -- limited parts, with the agreement of the US government -- to Iran.
This is a huge market. Can you factor in normalization within 12 to 24 months?
MCNERNEY: Well, it's -- I realize there's a lot of forces moving in the right direction. I think we're all hopeful that it does get resolved, that
you're right, that we can have a normal economic relationship with a that country.
It would add to growth. It would add to growth. If Iran became a totally normal relationship where an otherwise very productive with a big
population, there's a lot of airplanes and aerospace services to be sold there, and could put some upward pressure on that number that we mentioned.
DEFTERIOS: You've had a reputation as an innovator, but there was an internal conversation about being a little bit more like Apple in the
approach for Boeing in terms of constant innovation and not big bang -- not a big product, a big airplane.
DEFTERIOS: What do you mean by that?
MCNERNEY: Well, it's -- what I meant by that was we have a history of sort of hoarding technologies and then every ten years or so, introducing a new
model that has all these accumulated technologies plus some new one's we're thinking of at the time into a dramatic leap.
My view is that that's a riskier approach than is spiraling into existing platforms, extending existing platforms by spiraling in new technologies as
they occur. And so, I'm trying to change the headset a little bit at Boeing.
DEFTERIOS: Boeing's chairman and chief executive during his visit here to Yas Marina in Abu Dhabi. And that's all for this edition of CNN
MARKETPLACE MIDDLE EAST. I'm John Defterios, thanks for watching. We'll see you next week.