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Greece Agrees To Tough New Bailout Deal; Hunt for El Chapo Continues; Novak Djokovic, Serena Williams Revive Tradition at Wimbledon Ball; German's Political Cost for Greek Deal. Aired 11:00a-12:00p ET
Aired July 13, 2015 - 11:00:00 ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
[11:00:17] BECKY ANDERSON, HOST: The Greek prime minister heads home after agreeing to a harsh deal that he hopes will save his country. But he
has arrived to anger in Athens where protesters are already gathering.
A live update from there for you in just a moment. Also ahead this evening, backlash against Berlin. Well, we will look at how allies and
aggrieved Greeks are playing the blame game.
Plus, the great escape round two. A massive manhunt is underway right now to find Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman, the world's most powerful drug lord. A
live report from Al Maloya de Juarez (ph) in Mexico coming up.
ANNOUNCER: Live from CNN Abu Dhabi, this is Connect the World with Becky Anderson.
Well, a very good evening on what is a very sandy day here in the UAE. It is one minute past 7:00.
It's a deal, or a tale of two deals for numerous deadlines and many, many implications for the world.
Here in the Middle East, all eyes are on the heart of old Europe where negotiators in Vienna are trying to put the finishing touches on to an
agreement that will reshape this region. Elsewhere in Europe, there's also been reshaping and all in the name of keeping things the same.
While a deal will apparently keep Greece in the eurozone, critics say its punishing measures have changed the face of European democracy.
So, two momentous deals in the works with many ways of looking at them. We'll have lots more on this over the next hour for you.
I want to start with what the Greek prime minister says was a righteous battle to the end after 17 hours of negotiations, eurozone leaders have
clinched a deal that paves the way for a third Greek bailout. But there are tough and controversial conditions. The deal requires cuts to
pensions, boosting taxes, especially within the VAT system, and privatizing $50 billion in state assets.
The tax and pension reforms must be passed by parliament by Wednesday.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
ALEXIS TSIPRAS, PRIME MINISTER OF GREECE: Today's agreement keeps Greece in a state of financial stability. It gives the possibilities for a
recovery. It will, however, be an agreement whose implementation will be difficult. The measures include are the ones passed in parliament, they
will unavoidably cause recessionary effects.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
ANDERSON: Well, a deal could provide up to $96 billion to Greece, most of it from a eurozone bailout fund. It also eases the threat of Greece
leaving the common currency, something EU leaders did not want to happen.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
ANGELA MERKEL, GERMAN CHANCELLOR (through translator): The advantages far outweigh the disadvantages and we do find the basic principles here, which
have always guided us in saving the euro. On the one hand, we have solidarity of the member states, on the other hand the country which we
help has shown a willingness and a readiness to carry out reforms.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
ANDERSON: Well, CNN's Isa Soares is in the Grek capital for you. And news just in that Greek banks will stay closed through Wednesday, extending,
Isa, the pain for so many.
However the prime minister dresses this up, and there is an awful lot of spin out there, the Greeks have a deal which is worse than the one they
voted to reject last week. How is the prime minister going to sell this to parliament and the people.
ISA SOARES, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Very tough sell, Becky.
And I think you're quite right, he cannot spin this. He has to be very honest that he doesn't really have a mandate to get Greece out of the
single currency, but try to get the best deal possible for the Greek people.
But this goes exactly against everything he promised, everything that was up from that referendum where he got 61 percent of the vote. He believes,
though, he can get this past the tight extreme measures, actually, they're almost like a corset those that will make it so hard for Greeks to breathe
in the next couple of years, Becky. But he believes he will get the support from the majority in parliament.
Important to point out, if you remember, when -- before he went to Europe he had about 15 or so -- 17, rather, voices dissenting within the Syriza
Party. We have heard overnight that there will be another 15 voices that will be dissenting that will not be supporting these measures. So in
total, 32 Syriza MEPs will not be supporting this, Becky.
Nevertheless, opposition parties that we've spoken to -- I spoke to them earlier this morning that we've been hearing from, they say they will be
supporting Alexis Tsipras, many saying it will pass.
But it may pass in parliament, Becky, but it will be a very hard sell for the people. They are spitting feathers (ph) today. You know, they woke up
dazed and confused, but now they say they feel like they have been beaten, they've been humiliated, they'd been bullied. And this is not what they
asked for. And they're pointing the fingers, as you can imagine, and Angela Merkel, chancellor of Germany, as well as many of the Nordic
countries for not playing in the European Union spirit, Becky.
[11:05:33] ANDERSON: Yeah, I've just been reading through some of the commentaries on this. Tsipras gambled with his country's fortunes and he
lost. He's vandalized Greece. I mean, there's an awful lot of naysayers out there. And it must be incredibly difficult for him as he arrives back
in Athens this evening.
I nkow that there is a rally planned in the square behind you for those who supported no to this bailout only a week ago. What's the mood in Athens
and specifically where you are at this point?
SOARES: State of shock, I think it has to be what I've seen and hearing from people. Many people just so tired, exhausted, Becky, of these
deadlines and the fact that nothing has happened in the last couple of weeks. Many people tired, specifically, of the banks. You mentioned that
the banks will now be closed until Wednesday, what sources are telling us. And this is what their biggest concern is that, you know, produce is not
coming in. They import roughly 60 percent -- 65 percent of goods, that they can't get money out. And that is very, very frustrating.
But we know from those people I've spoken to today, even though, Becky, that voted oxi, that voted no against him, many people say that was the
best of the -- it was the best deal of really what was on the table.
So many frustrated. It will be interesting to see, Becky, how big the group will be tonight, this rally that will be taking place at 7:00 p.m.
And we're hearing they will be rallying all the way to the German embassy - - Becky.
ANDERSON: Yeah, so that just an hour or so from now.
We were talking about the kind of process at this stage. And for our viewers' sake, because this has been awfully confusing, what are we waiting
on now? We're looking at a parliament to effectively to vote on this, and legislation to be enacted ahead of other European countries ultimately
signing off on this, correct? A matter of days if not weeks going forward.
SOARES: Absolutely. They've got 48 hours. And I think Alexis Tsipras will be trying to put his house in order, looking at Syriza, looking at
those dissenting voices, should he push them -- should he push them out, should he force them out? Or should he really be looking at a broader
I'm sure that he will be analyzing this carefully today before he put these measures through. Then once those measures are pushed through, the belief
is for many people here that perhaps the European Central Bank will open the taps.
They want to see clearly that Greece is being serious about these reforms and they're serious about wanting to stay in Europe, but worth pointing out
to viewers because it gets very complex. Once this has been approved by Europe, this is no way the end game, Becky, because then we have about six
or seven European parliaments that have to vote on this, including the German Bundestag.
ANDERSON: Isa, always a pleasure. Thank you. As Isa was reporting there, a rally planned, at least, in the square behind her. For those who voted no
next week, let's see just how well supported that is. It will be interesting to see. CNN on that for you.
There are a lot of angles to the Greek debt story of course, not least anger in Germany where many say that Berlin was too tough on a fellow EU
Also ahead, a look at the toll this crisis has taken on the relationship between Paris and Berlin.
Let me get you to Mexico now where there is a massive manhunt right now for the leader of one of the world's most notorious drug cartels. Joaquin
Guzman is also known as El Chapo. And he managed to escape from a maximum security prison Saturday night through a hole in the shower area of his
cell. That hole led to this: a mile long fully lit ventilated tunnel.
Well, as you might imagine, Mexican authorities are asking a lot of questions and 18 prisoner staff members are now being questioned in Mexico
For the latest on the search, let's cross over to CNN correspondent Polo Sandoval. He's outside the prison in Almoloya de Juarez in Mexico.
Well, the question is being posed, any answers? What the response from authorities at this point?
POLO SANDOVAL, CNN CORRESPONDENT: You know, the big questions, Becky, is exactly how was he able to execute such an elaborate escape. Obviously,
the working theory here is that he had some help given the sheer sophistication of that tunnel that you mentioned. But now there are --
there's no word that he could have also had help from the inside.
We know of at least 18 guards from the prison that you see behind me that were taken to nearby Mexico City about an hour's drive east from where we
are here outside of Toluca, Mexico. Federal prosecutors speaking to them just to see if there was possibility there of an inside job. And it's very
difficult, obviously, to show you that tunnel as it is underground, but it basically is extends from the prison facility you see over my shoulder
there under the barbed-wire fence there and then towards a very simple cinder block building that was under construction. And that's where they
say this very dangerous individual emerged Saturday into Sunday.
And I have to tell you, Becky, it is a priority for local officials here in Mexico to track him down. But really also for folks in the United States.
This is a very dangerous individual that still has outstanding indictments, outstanding charges in several U.S. states. He's a man who, well, despite
his short stature is still considered a giant in the criminal underworld. Not only is he believed to have been responsible for the smuggling of just
tons of drugs, but also for thousands of deaths, including rival cartel members and potentially even innocent men, women and children.
And so as a people in this quiet part of Mexico continue living their lives and continue going about their business, it's a very real concern that El
Chapo Guzman may have already slipped through the grip, or slipped through the net, and may have even made it to his home state of Sinaloa, Mexico --
ANDERSON: Who knows where he is.
All right, Polo, thank you.
After months and months of negotiations, we could now be just hours away from a final deal on Iran's nuclear program.
Western diplomats say they are on the verge of an historic agreement. They say an announcement could come today before the latest deadline
expires. But of course we've seen deadlines come and go, sidelined by the toughest sticking points. We could soon get an update from Iran's
president Hassan Rouhani who is expected to address his nation live on state television.
It seems no side wants to leaves empty-handed after nearly two years of what have been painstaking talks. Remember, it was a huge achievement for
Iran and six world powers to even agree to sit at the table.
Nic Robertson looks back at the long road that led to this point.
NIC ROBERTSON, CNN SENIOR INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): 21 months, a roller coaster. Disagreements flared, deadlines come and gone. It
began in Geneva, late 2013, signing an agreement to reach an agreement. April this year, the Swiss Alps, first outlines appear. Iran agrees. Cut
centrifuges, reduce nuclear stockpiles and reach a full deal June 30th. But a week before, a curveball. Iran issues red lines. They're supreme leader
demands limits on inspections, full sanctions relief.
U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry flies to Vienna, June 26th. Talks begin almost immediately falter. Kerry's counterpart, Iranian foreign miister,
Mohammad Zarif, flies back to Tehran. Returns on the eve of the deadline. Clear, all is not well. Talks extended a week to July 7th.
KERRY: We believe we're making progress and we're going to continue to work because of that.
ROBERTSON: But the night before the new deadline, tempers flare.
FEDERICA MOGHERINI, E.U. HIGH REPRESENTATIVE: We touched the difficult things, which is sometimes painful.
LAURENT FABIUS, FRENCH FOREIGN MINISTER (through translation): The Iranian nuclear talks are, as we have predicted, not easy. There have been periods
of tension but the negotiations continue.
ROBERTSON: Storm clouds gathered, another deadline come and gone.
KERRY: You can't wait forever for the decision to be made. We know that. If the tough decisions don't get made, we are absolutely prepared to call an
end to this process.
ROBERTSON: Rain lashed Vienna, talks resumed slowly.
KERRY: We have a couple of very difficult issues and we'll be sitting down to discuss those in the very near term.
ROBERTSON: Saturday, the next day, Kerry, in seven meetings, two with the Iranian foreign minister. Then, Sunday, hints of success. Kerry on his way
to church. The secretary of state's 17th day at the talks, the longest he has been in one place on any foreign policy deployment. He shouts to
reporters, "We are getting to some real decisions."
Nic Robertson, CNN, Vienna, Austria.
ANDERSON: Well, Nic joins us now live from Vienna.
And as we continue to play the waiting game, Nic it does occur to me that amid all the frustration, there is at least a sense that this deal should
be win-win. And given the fallout from these Greek talks, the humiliation for Greece and its people, it would be easy to chalk the fact that these
talks are still ongoing as a success in and of itself, wouldn't it, but it's more complicated than that, isn't it?
[11:15:19] ROBERTSON; It is a lot more complicated. I mean, one of the things that the Iranian delegation here has been stressing time and time
again is that they want to be treated fairly, equally, but a deal must be balanced, and that it must represent their interests.
And certainly when we've heard the Iranian leadership back in Tehran playing for domestic audience, talking to their domestic audience, they've
talked about their negotiators doing a great job and getting a deal that represents the aspirations of their people.
So, both sides being able to walk away with their heads held high is important.
But both sides not only have to walk away with their heads held high, they have to walk away with something in their hands that they can sell to the
politicians back home, and that's particularly keenly felt by Secretary Kerry here, because he is going to have a tough sell to congress. There's
already resilience and resistance by the fact that these talks have gone on so long, the impression that's created in the United States is that
Secretary Kerry has been giving things away, has been making concessions, and that alone makes his position a tough one.
One of the key demands on the Iranian side has been a lifting of a UN security council resolution enforced arms embargo on Iran. How that gets
translated into words that can work for both sides what happened very likely in the security council resolution that would follow an agreement
But you first got to get an agreement on what the words in that new resolution could be.
These are the issues around which for a lot of this fix. They seem like small issues, but they represent exactly as you say, the importance of both
sides being able to walk away with something that they can at the end of the day sell, Becky.
ANDERSON: Nic Robertson in Vienna for you on the story. And as we get any more from there, of course, we will get it straight to you viewers. Thank
Still to come tonight, a rare execution sends a very clear message here in the UAE. We'll see how the state handle a crime that made headlines around
Up next, though, relief and anger. We see how the Greek debt drama is playing out in Berlin.
ANDERSON: Alexis Tsipras has compared the debt negotiations in Brussels to a battle. But if that is true, he may have a war on his hands back home in
parliament. When Mr. Tsipras meets with lawmakers, he'll find a growing number of Syriza MPs opposed to the tough conditions that he has agreed to.
You're watching CNN. This is Connect the World with me Becky Anderson. Welcome back.
While many in his own party are blaming Mr. Tsipras for caving, as they call it, to international creditors, many Greeks are pointing the finger
elsewhere, and that is Germany. CNN's Fred Pleitgen joining us now from Berlin.
Fred, is it safe to say Chancellor Merkel and their fellow conservatives do not see the Greek deal that way?
[11:20:25] FRED PLEITGEN, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: It certainly is. It's also safe to say, Becky, that apparently the Greeks have
unleashed the rain gods here on Berlin. It started pouring down just before we went live here.
But, yeah, absolutely. The Germans, for their part, feel that they remained very tough in these negotiations. Angela Merkel in a press
conference afterwards said that this was really very much a businesslike atmosphere. And one of the things that the Germans always kept talking
about as the negotiations were going on, but also right now after the negotiations as well, was about trust between Greece and the other euro
zone partners, because of course it wasn't only Germany that was taking a very tough stance towards Greece, but it was the Baltic states, for
instance, of eastern European states as well.
And now Angela Merkel feels that that trust needs to be rebuilt.
And when you look at the final agreement the way that it's come out, the way that it demands reforms from the Greeks, the way that it demands that
fund that the Greeks have to put in place with about 55 billion dollars worth of assets in it, it shows that there is no trust at this point in
time, that that trust needs to be rebuilt and that the Germans specifically want to see reforms before they're going to give money to
Greece for any sort of bailout.
And of course there's two reasons for that. One of them is the fact that the negotiations were so tough that so much trust was lost, but of course
also that Angela Merkel has to sell this deal here at home. She's going to have a hard time doing that, especially with her own conservative members
of parliament -- Becky.
ANDERSON: Yeah, the demands made on Greece have sparked a furious reaction on social media, on Twitter. The hashtag #thisisacoup was trending over
the weekend. Many users felt that Greece being backed into a corner. For example, David tweeted "hope the Greek parliament and people reject these
capitalist terrorists and banks the demands to rule their country for decades."
And there were many, many more angry tweets like that. And quite frankly, you know, the Greeks are in hot canal for years and years to come.
Fred, are Germans monolithic in their support for a hard line on Greece? You said this is going to be a tough sell by Merkel to some of her
conservative peers, how about sort of wider, wider German public.
PLEITGEN: Absolutely not monolithic at all. On the one hand, if you look at the makeup of German parliament, then you'll see that especially the
opposition wanted a softer stance towards Greece. If you look at the Green Party, which is a major opposition party here in Germany, the left wing
party Du Linke (ph), that also wanted a softer stance, wanted Germany to be a lot more lenient towards the Greeks. And they certainly were angry at
the way that all this conducted, especially when that plan leaked through, that proposal leaked through here from the German finance ministry that
said that possibly something like a temporary exit of Greece out of the Eurozone was something that could be on the table for the Greeks to get
their finances in order. It's not something that everybody supported.
I think a large part of the Germany population wants a tough stance towards Greece, one of the reasons being that the Germans themselves have gone
through austerity in the past, have gone through reforms. And they don't see why the Greeks shouldn't do the same thing.
But there certainly are people who feel that a bit of European integration was lost over the weekend and that Germany does have its fault in that bit
of European integration being lost with these negotiations, Becky.
ANDERSON: Let's get you out of the rain for the time being. Fred, thank you.
Live from Abu Dhabi, this is Connect the World. Coming up, Greece may have its deal, but months of negotiations have revealed some very deep divisions
in Europe, not just in Germany. We're going to do the wider Europe story this hour.
Plus, an icon of the Paris skyline is brought into the 21st Century. That is up next.
[11:25:17] NEIL CURRY, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: 100 years after the French Revolution, the Eiffel Tower provided an architectural
revolution of its own, which transformed the skyline of Paris. It rose from the banks of the River Seine in 1889 to become the world's tallest
Originally designed to stand for just 20 years, it was condemned by many as an eyesore, which should be torn down.
126 years later, the tower is affectionately known in France as La Dame de Fer, the Iron Lady. And its citizens would surely revolt once more if
anyone tried to change it.
But that's exactly what happened.
CELIA BLAUEL, DEPUTY MAYOR: The city of Paris, we are really in mind to go to shift Paris to a low carbon and more equal city so we are definitely
into transformation right now.
CURRY: The city is preparing to host a climate change conference COP21. And has set itself on a green path, encouraging the use of electronic cars,
solar panels and wind power.
As the most recognizable symbol of Paris, the Eiffel Tower is expected to play its part.
SEBASTIEN REINIER, PROJECT MANAGER OR ENVIRONMENT, SET: We decided to explore the possibilities to make this monument a greener monument, and the
wind turbine were obvious. The question is now why? But it's why not.
CURRY: The tower's operating company turned to a renewable energy firm in New York to design the turbines.
JAN GROMADZKI, SENIOR PROJECT MANAGER: Getting two wind turbines up there and installed was going to be a bit difficult. So our goal for this
project was to make sure it happened smoothly and successfully.
CURRY: The Eiffel Tower is the worlds most popular paid entry tourist attraction, around 7 million visitors a year. To avoid disruption to such
a flow of footsteps, the installation work had to be carried out overnight.
REINIER: So the challenge was to fix a rope and lift each plate one by one from the garden 100 meters downstairs. We have to do this very slowly,
because of the wind.
CURRY: The turbines produce about 10,000 kilowatt hours each year, generating enough electricity to power the tower's first floor shops.
GROMADZKI: One of our turbines could actually offset most of the energy for a small home for people in the U.S. Obviously when you're looking at a
structure that consumes as much power as 3,000 people it's kind of a small drop in the water.
CURRY: But the project's main impact was always intended to be symbolic.
BLAUEL: I think at first it was a bit of a surprise for people in the city of Paris. We all have to get involved in the new movement. So, I think
this is really the symbol of Paris getting (inaudible).
CURRY: A (inaudible) green message showcased on one of the world's most iconic buildings.
Neil Curry, CNN, Paris.
[11:30:58] ANDERSON: You're watching Connect the World with me Becky Anderson. The top stories for you this hour here on CNN.
And Greece and its fellow eurozone members have reached an agreement that avoids a so-called Grexit, for now at least. But Greek lawmakers must
agree to big cuts in pensions and tax hikes by Wednesday to unlock what is billions in aid.
Mexico carrying out a massive manhunt as it tries to find the escaped drug lord Joaquin Guzman, known as El Chapo. He escaped from a maximum security
prison on Saturday for the second time. El Chapo controls the brutal Sinaloa cartel.
Western diplomats say the marathon talks on Iran's nuclear program are on the verge of a deal. They say an announcement could come today before the
latest deadline expires. If it's an hint, the EU foreign policy chief is all smiles. This video we received moments ago shows her giving the thumbs
up from a balcony where the talks are taking place.
Well, Iran's secret trial of the Washington Post correspondent Jason Rezaian today after a month long pause. The Post executive editor is
calling for a speedy fair verdict that would lead to his release. He rejects the charges that Rezaian is facing including espionage.
Well, terror attacks have plagued some Arab nations are rare her in the Gulf. So last year's murder of an American teacher in the UAE, you may
remember it, sent shockwaves across the region.
Today, the government sent a clear message, swiftly carrying out a death sentence.
ANDERSON: Convicted terrorist Alaa al Hashemi was executed Monday in the UAE after her sentence was approved by the country's ruler Sheikh Khalifa
bin Zayed al Nahyan. The death sentence reportedly carried out by firing squad, the usual method of execution in the UAE.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The sentence was passed two weeks ago, and the execution carried out very quickly to show that UAE counterterrorism laws
are robust and are efficient.
ANDERSON: 30-year-old al Hashemi is the first person to be executed under tough new counterterrorism laws enacted last year. Dubbed the Reem Island
Ghost, she was convcted of stabbing to death 47-year-old Ibolya Ryan, an American kindergarten teacher and mother of three as she sopped in Abu
Dhabi back in December. And for planting a homemade bomb outside an American doctor's house.
She was arrested just 48 hours after the killing in what was a dramatic nighttime raid on her family home.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The fact that the Reem Island Ghost was indeed acting on her own shows how self-radicalization can occur over time. This is
important in understanding the pull of radicalization and extremism and the need for counter narratives.
ANDERSON: Alaa al Hashemi's actions shocked the normally quiet Abu Dhabi, suggesting even a safe haven like this is not immune to the terror threat
seen elsewhere in the region.
Her swift execution testament to how serious that threat is perceived here.
ANDERSON: All right.
Let's get you back to our top story this evening, the deal intended to keep Greece in the eurozone. That agreement was struck after months of
brinkmanship and tense negotiations at a times turned into what is been a war of words. And in the end, it didn't just pit Greece against the rest
of the eurozone, but rifts even revealed among the nations' creditors with Germany leading what has been a hard line approach.
Well, for a taste of how deep this has cut, have a listen to some of the views on the streets of Athens this Monday.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE (through translator): Germany is being very tough on the people, people have suffered for years. Germany is being very tough.
There is no question about that.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE (through translator): Their behavior, their imperialist tendencies, the fact that they're offending us, their degrading
us, all of this indicates a hatred on their part, that's becoming clear now. I think Germany is being hostile.
[11:35:09] UNIDENTIFIED MALE (through translator): They don't care about anyone else. They only care about money. They're right in some respects,
we are unreliable, but if a child is being naughty do you have to kill it?
(END VIDEO CLIP)
ANDERSON: Well, joining me now to talk about the differences on display throughout these talks is Eva Labipo, a journalist with the German
newspaper Der Welt. She's joining us tonight from London.
Just how damaging has this been for Greece within Europe, and Europe in and of itself, Eva?
EVA LADIPO, JOURNALIST: Well, I think the Germans are waking up after a weekend that has in particularly not gone very well for Germany who might
have been depicted as the winner of the negotiations of this weekend, but I think even German commentators are beginning to understand how big the
political costs will be in the long-term.
ANDERSON: I want to get our viewers a remark that highlights just how deeply this issue is dividing Europe. A far left French politician went so
far as to post this on Twitter, and I quote, "for the third time in history, a German government is destroying Europe."
A very inflammatory comment from a French member of the European parliament, an apparent reference to both World Wars of course.
But is -- do you think that is reflective of the mood among European socialists?
LADIPO: Well, I think what is happening partly is a big misunderstanding within Europe between the Germans and really the rest of the Europeans
whether they are social democrats or even conservatives. Because I think the Germans would not go in with such a hawkish view had they not had this
-- the past five years really of a hardening public opinion that was increasingly uncompromising towards the Greeks under a government that was
not willing to take the political risk to form public opinion and to lead it itself, but it was rather it followed public opinion.
And as a result, I like what some commentators have called the German -- the way that the German government has approached the Greek problem,
particularly in the last few months, has been that an approach that would be typical more of an accountant than of a politician.
An accountant looks more...
ANDERSON: But it were only -- sure, sorry, and I get your point. And I'm sorry to interrupt, but being accused of being an accountant is one thing,
being accused of taking Europe back to kind of the problems that it had way back at the beginning of the 20th Century and the mid-20th Century is
something more, isn't it?
France and Germany struck a markedly different tone, of course, particularly at the tail end of these negotiations. French President
Francois Hollande appeared much more sympathetic.
I want our viewers to have a listen to what he had to say about this agreement.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
FRANCOIS HOLLANDE, PRESIDENT OF FRANCE (through translator): Greece didn't want to lose its sovereignty, and it was right. And it battled. Alexis
Tsipras battled for the fund to be in Greece. It should be managed by the Greeks with the help of the European commission and the institutions, and
that these funds should be used for Greece's growth and investments.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
ANDERSON: I just wonder whether you would go so far as to say that France set itself up against Germany on this. And if so, how did it all end up
with such tough, tough new austerity measures for Greece, worse than even the austerity measures that the Greeks turned back last weekend only seven
LADIPO: Well, I mean partly I do want to come back to that point about not taking a long-term perspective, which I think Hollande may have been trying
to persuade Merkel and in particular Schauble of.
I think the problem is that the Germans were caught in being forced by public opinion and being extremely hawkish, and no one in the government
was willing to take a step back and take a more long-term view, both a historical view, going back into how Germans were relieved of their debts,
and in the future what this would cost in terms of European integration and for the German international reputation.
And what has happened is that we have ended up in the situation where almost everybody is a loser. I don't think that the Germans can pat
themselves on the back and say this is great. We've gone even further than what we wanted before the referendum was imposed. I think what we all have
to remember that these were also just people negotiating and in such negotiations, it does often get personal.
ANDERSON: Yeah. With that, we're going to leave it there, Eva. Thank you for your analysis. As I want our viewers to get one more bit of sound here
-- it's not really sound. The Financial Times wrote over the weekend, of all countries Germany itself the victim of such treatment in 1919 should
appreciate the pointless cruelty of a Carthaginian peace.
All right, live from Abu Dhabi, this is Connect the World. Coming up...
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
NOVAK DJOKOVC, 2015 WIMBLEDON CHAMPION: It was difficult to satisfy yourself with I think less than a title.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
ANDERSON: The attitude of a winner. Wimbledon champion Novak Djokovic sits down with CNN.
And as a Mexican drug breaks free from prison again, we'll take a closer look at how the drug cartels and their grip on that country. That story in
about five minutes.
ANDERSON: You're watching CNN. This is Connect the World with me Becky Anderson. Welcome back.
Get you to one of our top stories. The scramble by Mexican authorities to find the drug lord who controls one of the world's most brutal cartels.
Joaquin Guzman, known as El Chapo, escaped from a maximum security prison on Saturday through a hole in his cell and made his way to freedom through
a mile long fully lit ventilated tunnel emerging here at a construction site.
Well, as brazen as this escape was, these kinds of stories are not uncommon in Mexico. Brutal violence, rampant corruption, and a government people
claim too weak to contain it.
We've been following these stories for you at CNN for years, particularly on this show. Have a look at this.
KRISTIE LU STOUT, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Turning now to Mexico where authorities have made another gruesome discovery, dozens of mutilated
bodies were found along a road to the state of Nuevo Leon (ph).
RAFAEL ROMO, CNN CORRESPONDENT: 49 people were killed, but also that their bodies were decapitated.
ANDERSON: Award-winning journalist Anabel Hernandez has spent five years investigating the cartels and the toll they've taken on Mexico.
ANABEL HERNANDEZ, JOURNALIST: The drug cartels are really destroying our - - my country. Just this year, between January and July, 10,000 people have been murdered in Mexico by the drug cartels.
ANDERSON: Her book Narco Land alleges that the cartels have thrived with the help of corrupt politicians, judges and businessmen at the cost of
thousands of lives.
ANDERSON: Well, to help us understand the dynamics of Mexico's drug war, let's bring in Jacob Parakilas. He's the assistant project director for
what's known as the U.S. Project at Chatham House, and he joins us now live from London.
When Guzman was re-arrested last year after his first escape, the Mexican government swore that they would not permit him to embarrass the country
again. What happened?
JACOB PARAKILAS, CHATHAM HOUSE: Well, what happened is that he'd clearly been planning for another escape for a long time.
I think he probably had figured that when he was arrested if he was extradited to the U.S. there wasn't much he could do about it, but if he
was going to stay in Mexico he would be sent to the Altiplano, which is the most high security prison in the country, so I don't know for sure, but my
guess would be that he had put various contingency plans in place, including sort of a network that began to construct the sort of physical
and operational apparatus for an escape.
ANDERSON: He's said to have cultivated the image of a modern-day Robin Hood. According to Excelsior newspaper he told investigators that he works
as a farmer for a living, and that he isn't interested in drugs. Saying, and I quote, I don't belong to any cartel or have any cartel.
But in recent years, Forbes estimated his worth at a billion dollars, all from his cartel activities.
Would you go so far as to say cartel leaders are sort of heroic figures in Mexico?
PARAKILAS: It really varies. I mean, certainly when you have a cartel or a drug trafficking organization as big and as powerful as Sinaloa
Federation, especially when it's located in an area like Sinaloa State that has pretty significant sort of history of opposition to organized state
structures, there's always going to be some level of admiration for their opposition to government authority.
He wasn't -- I mean, he wasn't a sort of flamboyant a character as someone like Pablo Escobar, but certainly part of Sinaloa's organizational
strategy, the federation, the drug cartel, has always been to sort of co-op local structures. So to bribe police, to you know bring in social
services, that sort of thing for the people.
ANDERSON: Right. Well, he's on the run. 36 -- nearly 48 hours after he escaped -- on the run, or holed up somewhere. Despite highway checkpoints,
despite the enhanced border security, despite the closing down of what is an international airport at Toluca, while he's on the run, let's get a
sense of the scale of the problem here, shall we?
Firstly, the money involved. And I just want our viewers to get a sense here of what's going on. The drug trade is said by some to be worth up to
30 billion dollars a year in Mexico alone. An then the bloody price of all of that cash -- between 2006 and 2012 along some 48,000 people were killed
in the drug war.
But crimes in Mexico of course go unreported often. So that number could be much higher.
This is just some overwhelming problem for Mexico, isn't it? And the government giving the impression at least that it was sort of on top of it
over the past couple of years. It's not, is it?
PARAKILAS: Well, they've had significant successes of which the capture in 2014 of El Chapo was sort of the most outstanding or shining one. But they
made a very big deal out of -- we captured him, having killed and captured several top leaders of the Zetas, of the Michoacana family, drug cartel,
various other major cartels, they've had a lot of luck with sort of taking out their top leadership.
The problem is that the structures, not only the sort of operational structures of the cartels themselves, but just of the overwhelming profit
motive, which you've given us a very good sense of there in terms of those huge numbers of -- the huge profits that are available to drug trafficking,
meaning that you know you can cut off the head of the snake and two more will grow to replace it.
And not only that, but when you take out a top leader, frequently you see an uptick in violence as the lieutenants fight over control of the cartel
ANDERSON: How big a political embarrassment is this for the president?
PARAKILAS: It's enormous. This is Al Capone escaping from Alcatraz, this is a humongous embarrassment, particularly because they had sort of sworn
up and down that they would never release him, that he would not be extradited to the United States. The Mexican attorney general was quoted
as saying, we'll consider extraditing him in 300 or 400 years when his sentence expires.
So, to then lose him, and to lose him in a way which leaves little doubt as to some level of collusion in the prison and the judicial system. Really,
really is going to be very difficult for Pena Nieto and his cabinet to sort of explain away.
[11:51:19] ANDERSON: Fascinating. Thank you, sir.
Live from Abu Dhabi at just after 10 to 8:00 locally. This is Connect the World with me, Becky Anderson. Coming up, Novak Djokovic speaks to CNN
after slamming home what was another win at Wimbledon, and tells us about his dance routine with the women's champion.
ANDERSON: This is CNN, Connect the World with me Becky Anderson just about nearly 5 to 8:00 here.
The Wimbledon championships ended for another year on Sunday and there was some familiar names holding the trophies. Serena Williams showed why she
is world number one in the women's game by completing her Serena Slam, holding all four Grand Slam titles at the same time. And on Sunday, it was
men's number one Novak Djokovic's turn to shine. He won his third Wimbledon title, beating Roger Federer in the final for the second year in
a row. Familiar faces.
Fresh from his triumph, Novak Djokovic sat down with CNN's Christina Macfarlane to talk ab out the expectations he places on himself as a tennis
player and a celebratory dance he had with the women's female champion Serena Williams. Have a listen.
DJOKOVIC: Well, I always have very high expectations and (inaudible) of myself. I know that people around me have, too, because all the results in
the previous years and you set yourself up with high standards. It's difficult to satisfy yourself with I think less than a title. But again,
having said that I really don't take things for granted. I appreciate the fact that I reached the Roland Garros final. Unfortuantely, it wasn't able
to make that final step. But again, it has helped me to reflect on what I have achieved and what I went through, and you know what I need to do to
bounce back, reset.
And luckily for me, Wimbledon was just around the corner, and as soon as I stepped on the grass court in Centre Court, I know that's where I belonged.
And this is a very special tournament that I need to again find that necessary motivation to go all the way.
[11:55:19] CHRISTINA MACFARLANE, CNN SPORTS CORRESPONDENT: Now we know last night you were dancing with Serena Williams at the Wimbledon Ball.
There was I think quite a lot of this going on at one point.
DJOKOVIC: It's a nice tradition that has been a little bit of forgotten. '86 was the last time that champions danced with each other. So, before
that it was a very respected and nurtured tradition. And so we thought we can actually give a little rebirth to the dance and suggest that, Serena
she accepted it. I thought it was going to be a bit of a classical tune, but she chose 80s Night Fever, and I accepted that challenge. And you can
imagine how it went.
And it was great. I was a very lucky guy, because she's a very, very good dancer.
ANDERSON: Well, on tonight's Parting Shots, then, we want to take a look at some of the memorable moments from this year's tournament. And there
were some surprises along the way.
But as we said, in the end, Serena Williams pulled out yet another victory, her sixth Wimbledon title, while Djokovic got the better of Roger Federer
once again to lift what is an elegant Wimbledon trophy for the third time in his career.
Who is your favorite? Federer, Djokovic, Williams, who do you like? Let us know. You can get in touch with us. Follow the stories that the team
is working on throughout the day. And you can do that by going to our Facebook page. Facebook.com/CNNConnect. You can tweet me @BeckyCNN. Do
get in touch. @BeckyCNN.
Well, that was Connect the World. I am Becky Anderson.