Return to Transcripts main page

WORLD RIGHT NOW WITH HALA GORANI

Severe Flooding in Asia; Europe's Migrant Crisis Intensifies; Newborn Rescued from Toilet in China; Locusts Invade Russian Farmlands; Spain's Unemployment Numbers Improve

Aired August 4, 2015 - 15:00:00   ET

THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.


[15:00:09] HALA GORANI, HOST: Tonight devastating flooding across Asia.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

GORANI: Millions affected, hundreds are dead in India. We will have a full report.

Also this evening Europe's migrant crisis reaches a grim new milestone. I ask the Italian Foreign Minister whether countries like Britain and France

are acting responsible.

And a dramatic rescue in China as a baby is pulled out alive from a public toilet. We're live in Beijing as police search for the infant's mother.

Plus our new study is turning the debate over office air conditioning into a battle of the sexes.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

GORANI: Hello everyone, I'm Hala Gorani, we're live at CNN London, and this is The World Right Now.

We start tonight in India, a country battling to contain flooding which has devastated regions across the country, at least 178 people are dead, 10

million are affected and disaster officials told CNN that they're struggling to contain.

Our New Delhi Bureau Chief Ravi Agrawal looks at the relief efforts and how flood victims are trying to cope.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

RAVI AGRAWAL: Days of torrential rain brought on by Cyclone Komen continued to wreak havoc across much of India with West Bengal and

neighboring Odisha state among the hardest hit areas.

Flash floods have claimed dozens of lives. Rivers have run their banks, roads and bridges have been washed out, dams are over-flowing. Many

villages remain under water.

The incessant rain has forced hundreds of thousands of people to flee their homes for higher ground. Many are now seeking shelter in make-shift

government relief camps where they can get food, clean water, and first aid. But some local residents are angry saying they've received little

help from the government and have been left to fend for themselves.

MAMTA PRADHAN, FLOOD VICTIM: (As translated): We have been living in a tent for days, last night we got rice but no water, not even for the

children. They say only residents will get relief aid, people living in tents will not. They are also poor people, why will they not get aid?

AGRAWAL: Devastation like this is not unusual during India's monsoon season. The Country receives nearly 80% of its annual rainfall from June

to September, rain that's crucial to India's farmers and their crops. But also a curse when it brings flooding like the country is seeing today.

RAVI AGRAWAL, CNN, New Delhi.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

GORANI: Some dramatic images there from India, West Bengal is one of the states hit hardest by the flooding, at least 69 people have died there,

hundreds of thousands moved to relief camps.

Sumnima Udas is in Calcutta and she filed this report.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

SUMNIMA UDAS, CNN CORRESPONDENT: We're in the heart of Calcutta, the capital of West Bengal which is one of the worst affected states by this

monsoon flooding. It's pretty much dry over here right now because what they've done is open up all the drains across the city to let out that

excess water.

But until this morning the locals here say that the water was all the way up to here, waist high, and in a few hours they expect all the water to

come back again because that's when the (dams) upstream will be opened up to let out that excess water, something that happens all the time. But I

just want to talk to some of the locals here.

(Inaudible) you've seen this over and over again but just tell us how do you deal with it?

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Every day it comes for last seven or eight days, it's coming regularly, and we open the shop, clean it up and go back home, and

wait for the next month to - next day to come and clean again.

UDAS: So every day you just have to deal with it in this way?

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Yes.

UDAS: But you know is this the worst you've seen?

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Yes last after - maybe seven or eight years we haven't seen so much water.

UDAS: And that's just in Calcutta. Just a few hours from here in the low lying areas entire villages have been submerged, acres and acres of

farmland completely destroyed. There are people who are still marooned, stranded, waiting for help. Government officials say they're doing all

they can to get the necessary aid to these people but many here right now wondering whether enough was done to prepare for this kind of tragedy.

Sumnima Udas, CNN, Calcutta, India.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

GORANI: Well that's Sumnima in Calcutta, Tom Sater is at the CNN Weather Center with more.

So they get these rains every year in that part of the world but these are terrible because I mean you see the number of deaths and also internal

displacement in India.

[15:05:11] TOM SATER, METEOROLOGIST - CNN INTERNATIONAL: Yes and even before the rains got there Hala we lost 3,200 from the heat in India,

Andhra Pradesh. Pakistan and Karachi lost 1,200 due to the heat so they're all waiting for the monsoon rains.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

SATER: Unfortunately many die by them because it seems to be isolated heavy amounts. It's not just in areas of India like you see here. In fact

when you take a look of these pictures if I was to broaden this out a little bit it would be as far as the eye can see. So as we run through a

lot of these and I'm going to show you some graphics here to put these into motion, they're totally submerged. But the fatalities are not just in

areas of India, they are in Pakistan, they are in Bangladesh, they are on Myanmar, they're in Thailand. The worst flooding in northern Vietnam in

about 40 years but this is over a meters worth of rain when the storm system decided just to sit and stall for about a week.

All of the Rohingya refugees along the coastline, hundreds of thousands of them are in tent cities. That area of low pressure is going to move into

central India where actually believe it or not there are still areas of drought.

But as you look at this next storm system and the monsoon trail here fatalities in the state of Gujarat, 71 died. In Rajasthan 38, over in West

Bengal, 69. We have fatalities to the north in Jammu and Kashmir, and Uttarakhand. Down to the south in Odisha. In northern areas, in southern

areas of Bangladesh and Myanmar just as you see here, I mean there are several areas that are inundated in Myanmar.

In Northern Thailand fatalities not to mention the landslides as I said in Vietnam. So when we look at this image and you're going to see more

rainfall that is possible, it leaves the west and the east coast for India for now. Mumbai has even had fatalities and Maharastra, just a terrible

year.

You wait for these rains, it's the livelihood, they need this, they just do not need the pockets of flooding. This is where the monsoon will start to

retreat. There the last areas to hit to get up to the north with fatalities in many of them in areas of Pakistan to the north as well. So

several months' worth of the rain is going to continue. In a perfect world we would want it spread out across the entire region.

If you look at the days, and these are the days vertical, this is where you want to be, we had some dry slots with 7% below, if they get to 10% it's

considered a deficiency but I've got to bring this up. Typically this time of year in the western pacific we would have one super Typhoon, this is

number five and this is the strongest we've had so far this year. It's got its eyes on Taiwan and then in China.

If this continues to move northward, it will run into this area. Let me show you this video from Shanshi province. This happened on Sunday at five

in the morning it was a dry river bed. Two hours later, inundation, no fatalities in this, quickly trying to retrieve what they can in these

vehicles.

But again one country to another, I think I named about seven countries there that are seeing incredible amounts of flash flooding in this monsoon

season, and now we're going to toss in a super typhoon in the days ahead, probably about 72 hours toward Taiwan. Hala, back to you.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

GORANI: All right, Tom Sater, thanks very much.

Now here's a number for you 2,000 and remember that when I get to it, is the International Organization for Migration says it is unacceptable that

in the 21st Century people fleeing from conflict and persecution are dying on the doorstep of Europe.

It says the Mediterranean Sea has become the deadliest route in the world for migrants searching for a better life. Now remember that number 2,000

well the group says that more than 2,000 people have now died this year alone in attempted sea crossings in the Mediterranean.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

GORANI: The deadliest journey by far is the route through the channel of Sicily connecting Libya and Italy. This hour we'll see how the crisis is

impact countries across Europe as migrants who do make it ashore often try to cross borders.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

GORANI: The IOM says even though the number of deaths in the Mediterranean is appalling, European Nations are now doing a better job of rescuing

migrant boats in jeopardy. But the group's regional director says the EU must try harder to devise a collective approach.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

EUGENIO AMBROSI, INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR MIGRATION: The European Union and the 28 country in the region should have their resources and the

mechanism to face and handle this challenge in the appropriate way.

Having said that it's through the Mediterranean is, and has been now for some time, one of the deadliest route for migrants and one of the route

where the most migrants find their death instead of the future that they're looking for.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

GORANI: Well the facts and figures convey the scope of this crisis but we want to focus now on personal stories to understand how life can be so

unbearable that many are willing to risk death to find a better home.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

Arwa Damon tracked one Syrian man's voyage right across Europe to Germany with several stops in between. It all started on a beach in Turkey in a

flimsy rubber dingy; here's part one of Arwa's exclusive report.

YILMAZ PASHA, SYRIAN MIGRANT: The smugglers they just, see you as euro, not a human.

[15:10:07] ARWA DAMON, CNN SENIOR INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: 23 year old Yilmaz Pasha a Syrian Media activist is wanted by the Syrian Regime and

ISIS. Like tens of thousands of others his journey began on a beach in Turkey.

YILMAZ PASHA: When you cross-when you cross its sea, you know somebody's didn't even - they didn't even wear the life jackets and they didn't know -

they don't know how to swim.

DAMON: The transit from here cost $900 per person. The smugglers gave them a boat, pointed to a Greek Island and asked who wants to be captain.

PASHA: My friend was the captain.

DAMON: And had your friend driven a boat before?

PASHA: No, the smugglers say plus you know how to drive a bicycle or motorcycle, it's the same, it's so easy.

DAMON: Were you scared in the boat?

PASHA: The boat starts, I don't know goes (inaudible) by so it was so scary.

DAMON: And the relief of being back on land evident on everyone's faces.

PASHA: (Inaudible) met us there and they are lovely people. They give to us food, a sandwich, and apples, and water, and they say to us you are safe

now.

DAMON: First, they need to register with the Greek Authorities. There is a large crowd waiting. Once that is accomplished, Yilmaz receives this.

Permission to travel in specific areas in Greece for six months.

We meet up with Yilmaz in Athens where he is planning to trek across Europe on his own to save smuggling fees. Social media will be his guide.

PASHA: There is a Facebook group for the whole journey and it's like marketing. Numbers of smugglers, maps.

DAMON: Germany is his goal.

What are you taking with you?

PASHA: A bag. Some clothes, maybe two, three shirts, one pants and one - and one short. You need to buy a good boots because you will - you will

walking - you will need to walk (inaudible).

DAMON: So out of everything that you could take.

PASHA: It's a gift from my girlfriend.

DAMON: As for mementos from Syria, this scarf, and something he won't ever lose.

PASHA: Yes I have shrapnel, here, when I touch it - it remind me in Syria.

DAMON: Arwa Damon, CNN, Athens.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

GORANI: Still ahead Yilmaz continues his journey by train, bicycle and even on foot at one point spending days in a forest. Don't miss part two

of Arwa's report that's still ahead on the World Right Now, we will bring you that.

Now we've been talking about migrants and how so many of them die trying to cross the Mediterranean that stretch of water between Libya and Italy; and

Italy truly is bearing the brunt of the migrant crisis.

Earlier I spoke with the Foreign Minister Paolo Gentiloni, he's currently in Iran, we'll explain why a bit later this hour. But I did ask him to

respond to accusations from a Swedish Minister that France and Britain are not taking responsibility for accepting more asylum seekers.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

PAOLO GENTILONI, ITALIAN FOREIGN MINISTER: Yes obviously I agree and we tried to work on this. We have now decided just to give you an example

that the 28 European countries will relocate 32,000 migrants coming to Italy and Greece. But just to give you a figure in one month, in the month

of June, Italy received an amount of migrants much bigger than the number that the whole of Europe should relocate in the next two years.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

GORANI: There you have it, and we'll have more of my conversation with the Foreign Minister of Italy on his visit to Iran later.

A lot more to come tonight. A story of sadness and survival in China.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

GORANI: We'll show you the incredible moment that a newborn was rescued from a public toilet.

And a plague of biblical proportions in Russia. Why has this huge swarm of locusts invaded the country?

Stay with us.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

(BEGIN COMMERCIAL BREAK)

(END COMMERCIAL BREAK)

[15:16:53] GORANI: Now to a story from China that some may find disturbing. A new born girl was found face down in a toilet in Beijing.

She was eventually pulled out alive but Police haven't found her mother yet.

Let's go to Beijing to get more on this, Will Ripley is there. What more do we know about this sad story Will?

WILL RIPLEY, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Well we know sadly Hala that this little girl, while this is a rare and awful case in exactly how she

was abandoned there are many other abandoned children like her in China. But this particular case and the circumstances that this young girl endured

in her first minutes of life make her a true survivor.

No child should come into the world like this. Pulled from a public toilet by a Beijing police officer, neighbors called when they heard the newborn

crying. Wrapped in a blanket, she's safe; her mother gone.

I think it's brutal for a mother to do this says (Sun Wun Gwo) who cleans the toilets. He says a young woman walked out alone just minutes before

neighbors heard the crying. She was acting normally he says. Thousands of people live in this Hutong, one of countless back alleys in the Chinese capital. Nobody recognized the

woman who left before police arrived.

When the breeze blows through these narrow back alleys especially on hot summer days like this it carries with it the stench from the single public

restroom that pretty much everyone here shares. And when you step inside it really hits you, the smell, the heat it's that much more intense. And

you look at these holes in the ground and think this is where a little girl, a baby came into the world.

A migrant construction worker from Eastern China heard his neighbors calling for help. He followed police into the toilet, pulled out his

phone, and started recording. He asked us not to show his face.

I feel so torn and sad he says, words can't describe it. How could something like this happen?

Parents abandon thousands of babies each year in China, children left in trash bins or toilets are the rare, worse cases.

In 2013 rescuers saved another newborn, a boy found alive inside a toilet pipe. His 22 year old single mother told police it was an accident and she

was embarrassed; the boy survived, others have not.

The Chinese government set up what they call baby hatches for parents to leave unwanted children but they're so overwhelmed workers have to turn

many parents away. Experts say nearly all abandoned children have disabilities or medical conditions. Most end up in Orphanages, parents who

can't afford healthcare may feel they have no other choice.

Can you ever forget seeing something like that? I'll remember it for the rest of my life he says.

Police are still looking for this newborn's mother, a woman who left her baby alone, helpless, flushed down the toilet.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

[15:20:11] RIPLEY: So now this little girl who doesn't even have a name yet joins the estimated 100,000 other abandoned children here in China.

She is in the hospital right now in stable condition Hala, she is expected to recover so that is the good news for her. And one can only hope that

her life gets better from the moments when she came into the world.

GORANI: Well what happens to her after she's released from the Hospital?

RIPLEY: Well a lot of these children end up in Chinese orphanages but again the majority of the children who are dropped off by their parents

have disabilities or medical conditions. There was that one baby hatch we showed you in the first 11 days that they were open they had 106 children

dropped off.

This young girl is pretty much in good health and there's a very good chance that people might see her story and reach out and try to adopt, so

we will certainly be following up on that to see exactly what happens from here for her. But as of right now, they haven't found her mother, they

haven't found any family members, they don't know where she came from.

GORANI: Thanks very much, Will Ripley, is in Beijing.

Farmers in southern Russia are desperately trying to save their crops, there is a veracious swarm of locusts that has invaded the region, and a

heat wave may be to blame for the plague. Matthew Chance, reports from Russia.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

MATTHEW CHANCE, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Not for 30 years say officials has Russia suffered a plague like this. Vast areas of the

countries agricultural south are seeing swarms of locusts devour entire fields. Officials say at least 10% of crops have already been destroyed.

It's devastating the livelihoods of local farmers like Pyotr Stepanchenka.

"Look" he says, "there's nothing left on the corn, the locusts ate it all from the leaves to the cobs."

Officials from the Russian Ministry of Agriculture say they're stepping up efforts to save the harvest declaring a state of emergency and spraying the

crops with powerful pesticides.

But officials admit that the locusts swarm is moving too fast across Southern Russia.

TATIANA DRISHCHEVA, RUSSIAN AGRICULTURAL CENTER: In Kalmikya, Astrakhan, Volgagrad, and Dagestan, there is no more food left for locusts there so

they have flown to a new source of food. They have wingspans of nearly 12cm like small sparrows.

CHANCE: Some frustrated locals have posted videos of themselves trying to hold back the tide but it all seems futile in the face of such an

overwhelming Russian swarm.

Matthew Chance, CNN, Moscow.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

GORANI: Coming up on The World Right Now, a tale of two countries and two economic pictures.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

GORANI: We'll bring you the latest on the contrasting fortunes of Spain and Greece. Plus a Pakistani man has been executed despite global

opposition and outrage. Activists say he was tortured into a confession and now it is too late.

We'll be right back.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

(BEGIN COMMERCIAL BREAK)

(END COMMERCIAL BREAK)

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

[15:25:00] GORANI: Welcome back, here's a look at markets. The Dow Jones is down 45. The NASDAQ and the S&P are also lower. And edging slightly

lower it has to be said, nothing too dramatic. And nothing too dramatic on European markets either, a little up, a little down.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

GORANI: But it was downright negative in Greece once again. Stocks of Greek banks were hammered for a second straight day with all the major

players dropping by around the daily limit of 30%.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

GORANI: How low can you go? That's the big question for Athens. The index itself lost another 1.2% on top of the more than 16% that it shed on

Monday.

Now there's one country where austerity does appear to be working that is Spain. The latest job figures there are better than expected.

The official number of those out of work fell by more than 74,000 last month, that is the biggest drop for July since 1998. Now keep in mind the

rate is still high, it's just getting better from very bad numbers. Isa Soares, has more on this Spanish recovery.

ISA SOARES, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: These were the scenes of anger and revolt in Madrid, that was 2012, the year that Spain received a

$125 billion bailout to shore up its banks.

Fast forward to 2015 the country's economy is growing at its fastest pace in seven years. In a critical election year this is a major boost for

incumbent Prime Minister, Mariano Rajoy who in seeking a second term in office is trying to convince voters that a recovery is taking hold.

MARIANO RAJOY, SPANISH PRIME MINISTER: (As translated) Never in Spain's economic history has so much employment been created in a quarter. The

survey of the second quarter of this year shows excellent results with strong job creation and a reduction in unemployment.

SOARES: Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy there. Well it's not just Spain's unemployment that's showing signs of rivals as you can see by this

chart. Look at how much it has dropped over a period of four years. The economy too seems to be growing. According to the International Monetary

Fund the economy is expected to grow 3.1% this year and that is more than double the rate of the Euro area.

And there's more reason to celebrate for Spain because exports too have outperformed. They are up, look at this, 4.3% over the first five months

of this year.

That all looks very promising but can its effect be felt by ordinary Spaniards and just how lasting are they?

VINCENZO SCARPETTA, POLICY ANALYST, OPEN EUROPE: I think there are still open questions as to whether this recovery will be sustainable in the

longer term. And of course Spain needs to keep working and keep reforming.

SOARES: Spain's service sector is doing particularly well too thanks in part to tourism. According to Spain's Ministry of Industry the country set

a new record for tourists in the first half of this year with just over 29 million visitors with many escaping the crisis in the Middle East, and the

economic crisis in Greece.

For many the political tensions in Greece's debt crisis which nearly saw the country out of the Eurozone has given Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy

something to celebrate; notably a boost against Spain's (inaudible) party Podemos which early this year closed in on Rajoy's socialist working party.

But that has now changed. According to a recent poll in Spanish Daily El Pais, Podemos is losing ground slipping to third place on 19%.

SCARPETTA: I think Rajoy can benefit from two factors. One which is of course the Greek crisis, and the Greek negotiations and how badly Syriza

has fared in the negotiations and also of course the economic recovery.

SOARES: Isa Soares, CNN, London.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

GORANI: The latest world news headlines just ahead bringing you up to date.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

GORANI: Plus the nuclear deal with Iran has been reached but there is still a lot for all sides to do. The Italian Foreign Minister is in Tehran

and he spoke to me a little bit earlier, we'll bring you that.

Plus a Deputy Sherriff is accused of handcuffing a little boy in school, we'll have more, and there's the video, what are your thoughts on that?

We're going to have (inaudible) coming up.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

(BEGIN COMMERCIAL BREAK)

(END COMMERCIAL BREAK)

[15:31:45] GORANI: Welcome back, here's a look at your top stories. India has deployed troops and disaster relief teams to distribute aid to

flood victims.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

GORANI: 10 million people are dealing with heavy rains and flooding in Western and Eastern India. And at least 178 people have been killed.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

GORANI: The International Organization for Migration is reporting a pretty tragic and shocking milestone.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

GORANI: It's a figure it says more than 2,000 people have now died this year alone trying to cross the Mediterranean to reach Europe. About

188,000 migrants have been rescued at sea.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

GORANI: Police in Beijing are still looking for the mother of a tiny newborn baby girl who was found abandoned in a public toilet on Sunday.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

GORANI: The newborn was discovered head down in a drain after people nearby heard her cry. She was hospitalized, she's reported in stable

condition.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

GORANI: Pakistan has executed a 24 year old man despite appeals from many human rights groups around the world.

Shafqat Hussain was convicted of killing a child when he was just himself 14 years old but supporters have long argued that Hussain never committed

the murder but in fact he was tortured into confessing.

Anna Coren has the story.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

ANNA COREN, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: In this Karachi jail Pakistan has carried out what it says was justice. Wrapped in cloth the body of 24

year old Shafqat Hussain hanged a decade after being convicted of killing a child.

Hussain's execution came amid much opposition. International rights groups have been calling for a reprieve. His supporters say Hussain was just 14

when he was arrested, he did not have proper legal representation and that he was tortured into making a so called confession by police.

A social media campaign with the #saveshafqat began to trend in Pakistan and protests were held in the capital Islamabad to raise awareness about

his case.

On Monday Hussain's family was still holding out hope. His sister pleaded for his life; "my brother should not be given this punishment" she cried.

"For Allah's sake I beg with folded hands, do not punish my brother."

(END VIDEO CLIP)

COREN: Well Hussain was due to be hanged in January but due to international pressure the government ordered a stay. Well two months

later authorities ruled Hussain was an adult at the time of his conviction and the death sentence was upheld.

Rights groups have already slammed today's execution as the government attempting to show its political power.

Anna Coren, CNN, Hong Kong.

GORANI: The American President, Barak Obama is ramping up his campaign to sell the Iran nuclear deal with a major foreign policy speech on Wednesday

in an effort to gain widespread support. But one man who's made it very clear he's not convinced is Benjamin Netanyahu, Israel's Prime Minister

earlier addressed the American Jewish community and he explained why he is so strongly opposed to the agreement.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

BENJAMIN NETANYAHU, ISRAELI PRIME MINISTER: The nuclear deal with Iran doesn't block Iran's path to the bomb it actually paves Iran's path to the

bomb. Worse, it gives Iran two paths to the bomb.

[15:35:08] Iran can get to the bomb by keeping the deal, or Iran can get to the bomb by violating the deal.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

GORANI: Benjamin Netanyahu unhappy about the deal, he's made that clear. One man who thinks this is a good deal is the Italian Foreign Minister.

He's in fact in Tehran right now meeting with his counterpart. I spoke to Paolo Gentiloni earlier. I started by asking him what came out of his

conversations with Foreign Minister Zarif.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

PAOLO GENTILONI, ITALIAN FOREIGN MINISTER: Well first of that we have to work hard in these - the next weeks to implement the deal that was reached

in Vienna. And this is something that Iranian has to be - to do that is very important for Europe and for U.S. as well.

I believe that the consequences of the deal could be very positive both on the political side and also on economical relations.

GORANI: You say the consequences could be positive but of course as you know there are critics of the deal; Israel for instance. Other countries

perhaps in the region are a little more skeptical, they say this gives Iran more money, it could increase its financing of proxy battles across the

region. Do you share that concern on any level?

GENTILONI: Well I understand these concerns but frankly speaking I don't share them because I think that if we correctly implement the agreement the

opportunities are by far stronger than the risks. Just think of the risks that were there if the agreement was not reached.

So now we have an agreement and I think that we have also to try and reassure the countries especially Israel, but also Saudi Arabia that are

particularly critical.

GORANI: And you say that the benefits outweigh the risks in this case which we hear a lot of course from those who support the deal. But what

are those risks?

GENTILONI: Well from my point of view the only risk is that we lose the opportunity that the deal is giving to the International community. And so

Italian commitment in the next weeks and months is to help the implementation. This is the only real risk that I see. I understand that

Israel for example consider risks for their own security and obviously we have to respect this. But I don't share the fact that the agreement change

for worse the risk that a country like Israel could run.

GORANI: Will Italy be doing more business with Iran? Was that something that was discussed at all?

GENTILONI: Well we will for sure have more space, more room for business after the process of lifting of sanctions will be implemented. As you know

the European Union will lift some of the major sanctions, the sanction on financial and energy sectors at the end of the year or at the beginning of

2016.

And in view of this lifting those sanctions there is a large part of our business community that is interested in new forms of trade exchanges and

partnership with Iran. I think that the two aspects, the political involvement of Iran in the process, and the business opportunities should

be linked together.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

GORANI: The Italian Prime Minister, Paolo Gentolini there speaking to me earlier. He spent the day in Tehran, he met with his counterpart a strong

supporter of the deal as you can hear there.

Now to a shocking case in the U.S. State of Kentucky.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

GORANI: A Sherriff's Deputy there is facing a Federal law suit after he allegedly handcuffed some children as young as eight to chairs.

[15:40:01] The ACLU, The American Civil Liberties Union says the deputy handcuffed two different children, look at this video. Some people are

looking at this and saying this is just unbelievable, you do not do this to children. This was for misbehaving apparently.

Both children have ADHD which is Attention Deficit Disorder. Martin Savidge joins me now live from CNN Center with more details.

Tell us first of all more about what allegedly happened in this classroom because this video is rather - I mean the kid is handcuffed from above his

elbows it looks like.

MARTIN SAVIDGE, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Right, and the reason for that Hala, is that these were adult handcuffs and clearly that's not an

adult.

Now the ACLU is saying that this was an excessive use of force. They're also saying it's a violation of the children's civil rights here.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

SAVIDGE: And many people are upset in this country, divided, take a look for yourself.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

OFFICER: "Now, you can either behave the way you know you're supposed to, or you suffer the consequences. But it's your decision to behave this

way."

SAVIDGE: This controversial video is difficult to watch.

OFFICER: "You don't get to swing at me like that."

SAVIDGE: The Sherriff's Deputy now facing a Federal law suit by the ACLU restrains the third grade boy with handcuffs.

According to the complaint voiced arms pulled with excessive force behind his back. He can be heard crying out in pain. The small eight year old

child, who according to the lawsuit suffers from disabilities related to ADHD, and a history of trauma, is shown on the 15 minute video cuffed at

the biceps. His wrists apparently too small for the adult sized restraints.

OFFICER: "You can do what we've asked you to, or you can suffer the consequences."

CHILD: "Ow, that hurts."

OFFICER: "Now sit down in the chair like I've asked you."

SAVIDGE: That officer who works at Latonia Elementary identified in court documents as Deputy Kevin Sumner of the Kentucky Sherriff's Office. Also

named in the lawsuit the Sherriff of Kenton County alleging his failure to adequately train and supervise Sumner.

OFFICER: "If you want the handcuffs off, you're going to have to behave and ask me nicely. And if you're behaving I'll take them off, but as long

as you're acting up, you're not going to get them off."

"Are you done yet?"

SAVIDGE: The complaint was submitted on behalf of the young boy from the video identified only as SR as well as another special needs student, a

nine year old girl who was also handcuffed in the same manner by Officer Sumner on two separate occasions causing pain and trauma according to the

lawsuit.

RICKELL HOWARD, CHILDREN'S LAW CENTER: There was no legitimate law enforcement purpose there. Neither child committed a crime and all of

their behavior was related to their specific disabilities.

OFFICER: "Look at me for a minute. Look at me for a minute. Look at me. If you want the handcuffs off you better stop kicking, can you do that? Do

you want them off or not?"

(END VIDEO CLIP)

SAVIDGE: The ACLU says it's looking for a number of things as a result of this lawsuit. They would like to of course get money for the families of

the children. They also want to see a change of policy, and they want new training for the Sherriff's Deputies that go into these schools that handle

these special children. Hala.

GORANI: By the way just out of curiosity, who shot this video?

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

SAVIDGE: It was shot by an employee of the School District, we're trying to get exactly who that is but it's someone who was actually in the school.

But we pointed out there are two other instances. The school says that it does not normally videotape these as standard practice. So apparently

somebody was so moved in seeing it, an employee, they decided to videotape it, whether they used a camera or their phone we don't know yet and that

hasn't been revealed.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

GORANI: And what about the Sherriff's department have we heard a response from them yet?

SAVIDGE: We have. In fact the Sherriff spoke out today and said he stands behind his deputy saying that he acted responsibly, did everything as he is

supposed to do according to the constitution, and in fact that he would not have changed anything.

So what's going to happen now as the school year begins in about a couple of weeks, those same students are going to go back to their respective

schools and that same Sherriff's Deputy is going to be with them, Hala.

GORANI: Interesting, well that might be an awkward run in with the parents if it happens.

Thanks very much, Martin Savidge, for that story.

SAVIDGE: You're welcome.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

GORANI: This is the World Right Now. Coming up we'll return to a Syrian migrant's difficult flight from his homeland and the dangerous challenges

he faced crossing this time, Eastern Europe, to Germany.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

(BEGIN COMMERCIAL BREAK)

(END COMMERCIAL BREAK)

[15:46:43] GORANI: When Yilmaz Pasha was growing up in Syria, it was a peaceful country, but not anymore of course. Just like millions of other

Syrians he's fled his home hoping to find peace again.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

Earlier CNN's Arwa Damon showed you the first part of Pasha's dangerous quest to reach Germany from Syria through Turkey to Greece. Now she takes

us on the second half, perhaps the most difficult part of it all.

PASHA: I lost about 2 kilograms I think, yes. You walk a lot - you walk a lot. I forget, we're across countries.

DAMON: Yes. Yilmaz Pasha a Syrian activist looking for a future in Europe crossed seven countries in 32 days.

(Inaudible) was smuggling odyssey began in a rubber boat from Turkey to Greece. In Athens a train to a town close to the Macedonian border.

PASHA: We start working and we crossed first to Macedonia in half an hour.

DAMON: A tide of migrants making its way often on foot across Europe.

PASHA: The road is clear you just need to follow the train track, that's your road.

DAMON: In Macedonia migrants are banned from using public transport but they can bike.

PASHA: You will see people putting bicycles on the road, speaking English, Syrian, come, come.

DAMON: They crossed into Serbia on foot under cover of darkness, especially terrifying for the children among them.

PASHA: It was like a horror movie. You know you heard a scream of children, of little children, babies.

DAMON: Even worse they were caught by Serbian police.

PASHA: They (inaudible) for twice so it was you know

(CROSS-TALK)

PASHA: I don't know it was so hard, I just remember the Syrian army the same way.

DAMON: In Serbia migrants are registered and given 72 hours to leave. Next crossing, Serbia to Hungary through the forest.

PASHA: You can see the road it's like drawing, somebody is draw it for you. You can see - you can just walk through the jungle. There is a red

line between countries.

DAMON: Yilmaz navigating using a downloaded map got lost in the woods.

PASHA: For two days without water and without food.

DAMON: Walking around?

PASHA: Without anything. We slept on the green, like we don't have sleep bag, we don't have anything.

DAMON: Finally, they made it Szeged, Hungary, only to be caught a few hours later by the police.

PASHA: And they put us in a little caravan, a little room from plastic, and it was 40 person I think.

DAMON: Yilmaz was fingerprinted as required by EU law which means that if his Asylum in Germany is rejected he can be returned to Hungary where he

does not want to stay.

[15:50:00] Eventually they are released. A phone call to another smuggler leads to a car trip into Germany, he made it. And now here he waits.

Arwa Damon, CNN, (inaudible), Germany.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

GORANI: Coming up; ever wonder why your office feels like an icebox during the summer?

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

GORANI: A new study finally shows what gender bias has to do with the temperatures in your workplace.

That's next.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

(BEGIN COMMERCIAL BREAK)

(END COMMERCIAL BREAK)

GORANI: If you're always freezing at work then this may be why. There's a new study out there that found that the air conditioning in offices is

geared up for the average man, and that formula was devised back in the 60s. To find out if it is still affecting us we went to ask Londoners how

they were holding up in their workplace. Listen.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Yes, it's freezing all the time, even when it's glorious sunshine out here I'm absolutely freezing.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I have an emergency cardigan on the back of my chair at all times.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I think air conditioning would be more cooler in an office and then women would have to wear like a jumper or something like

that. But just with natural fresh air it's good.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: All women in our office find the air con too cold. People bring like scarves, extra jumpers or socks to try and keep warm.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: That's why I have this.

CNN REPORTER: Why is it too cold?

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Well I think because they think it's summer they put it a lot higher than it should be.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I find it a little bit hot actually.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: No, I don't think it's a gender thing to be honest. I think some men, some women they feel the cold more than others and yes, I

think it's really a personal touch rather than a gender thing.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

GORANI: Oh but I think it is a gender thing, I think it is. Richard Quest joins me now from New York to talk more about what testosterone has to do

with the temperature at the office.

Richard, I don't have to tell you that women are always freezing when men think that the temperature is "just fine - what are you complaining about."

But I mean a formula from the 60s, now it all makes sense.

RICHARD QUEST, HOST QUEST MEANS BUSINESS: Right, so if you take it all to do with the basic metabolic rate. The body metabolic rate which they

worked out in the 1960s and 70s and it came up with the man's metabolic rate and so air conditioning tends to be set for what was regarded as

normal back then. Which is why men like the temperature between 72 and 74 degrees. Whereas women which have a lower metabolic rate they like it

between 75 and 77 degrees according to this study.

Which all leads me to say stop complaining and get out a blanket as CNN has very kindly provided for many of the staff here. Now what are you

complaining about?

GORANI: Me? I'm not complaining about anything.

QUEST: Well that's the reason why it's all because the buildings set their temperatures according to this tradition.

But there's one other thing that you're forgetting Ms. Gorani, and that is men tend to dress sensibly in the office. We wear a jacket .

GORANI: Well I would love to wear a three piece suit to anchor this show trust me, Richard Quest. I don't seem to have that option however. But,

now I'm fine right now.

[15:55:05] QUEST: Finally got her, finally needled her, it took a while, but finally she rose to the bait.

GORANI: (LAUGHING). Listen, I absolutely I didn't need a scientist to tell me this, I've known for years that men are much more comfortable in

colder temperatures, I'm always the one with the throw, I'm always the one needs to take that extra pair of socks at the movie theatre especially in

the U.S. because air conditioning temperatures there are sometimes insanely frigid during the summer months. But now scientists are backing me up

Richard.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

QUEST: Yes they are it's true that - I'm not denying it.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

QUEST: The science shows that air conditioning has been designed for men, and it was designed in a time. But here's the real issue besides you could

dress more sensibly.

GORANI: What is the real

QUEST: Besides you should dress more sensibly, wear warmer things, put a sweater on. The real issue is you can raise the temperature.

I went to the 22nd floor of this building, the Time Warner Center, and I saw it quite clearly, you just ask that nice man or woman and say would you

please make it a bit warmer. Now what's wrong with that?

GORANI: Facilities? Well actually we've spent several months here with me complaining so much that it was cold in the studio that the staff, the

gallery staff, the producers, nicely found a way to raise it to Mick what's the temperature in here now, for me as well 23?

QUEST: 23, what's that in real money.

GORANI: 25 degrees. It's the Riviera over here Richard. Listen, we'll see at the top of the hour on Quest Means business. I'm actually really

hot with this today, I don't even know (inaudible).

QUEST: My goodness she's stripping on air.

GORANI: Woo, we'll see you at the top of the hour Richard Quest, Quest Means Business. Great talking to you and don't forget you can get all the

news, interviews and announces from this show on Facebook. That's at facebook.com/halagoranicnn.

I'm Hala Gorani, Quest Means Business is next after a break. Stay with us.

END