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WORLD RIGHT NOW WITH HALA GORANI

Tensions in Beirut; Migrants' Journeys in Western Europe; Pope Eases Rules on Abortion. Aired 3-4p ET.

Aired September 1, 2015 - 15:00:00   ET

THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.


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[15:00:25] HALA GORANI HOST: Tensions soar in Beirut after demonstrators storm a government ministry in a protest over trash.

Plus Hungary no, Germany yes, the chants of hundreds of angry migrants after their journeys to Western Europe are blocked.

Also the pope eases rules on abortion making it easier for women to seek forgiveness.

And branded like a piece of property. One victim's shocking tale of modern day slavery in America.

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GORANI: Hello everyone, I'm Hala Gorani, we're live at CNN London, thanks for being with us this hour, this is The World Right Now.

At this hour intense street battles and demonstrations are unfolding between protestors and police outside Lebanon's Environment Ministry.

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GORANI: Some tense scenes in Beirut riot police push demonstrators back a short time ago. You see the video there. Officers meanwhile have been

pelted with bottles and firecrackers. This as part of ongoing protests against government corruption in Lebanon. It began over weeks of

uncollected garbage that was the feud that is now turning into a bigger movement.

For demonstrators the debris is the tip of the iceberg and their displeasure with the government. Our Nick Paton Walsh joins us now live

from the heart of the protest.

Nick, what's going on right now where you are in Beirut?

NICK PATON WALSH, CNN SENIOR INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: A little calmer than it was about an hour ago. We are still seeing a very energetic but

comparatively small crowd here. It could go back a number of thousands behind these riot police lines. But periodically a rock, a glass bottle,

or a firecracker will be thrown over their heads and detonate near us here.

So still this tense standoff and it began hours ago when a handful 20/30 protestors marched into the Environment Ministry high up here near where I

am standing. And made a sit down protest near the Environment Ministry's office basically saying they weren't going until he resigned. Well he

hasn't done that.

The police moved in, kicked out Lebanese media first and then moved out the protestors one of whom a recognizable face to Lebanese here, Lucien Bou

Rjeilly, close to where I am standing needed quite a bit of medical treatment. He seemed to have been hit a number of times according to

witnesses inside as the police cleared them out.

Now we understand the environment minister is still in that ministry. There are a lot of people out on the streets here, as I said predominately

peaceful but that periodic moment here where the police, as you said earlier, will rush forward pushing the crowd back never hard really - never

easy to know really exactly what has instigated those clashes here.

But the major problem Hala, that Lebanon faces now is there's no mechanism right now to try and calm this down. They've asked the protestors for a

number of things they've got none of them. They've even still got the environment minister in his office here.

So many I think are wondering as these scenes continue to play out again and again in the heart of the political heart of Beirut here, quite how

does Lebanon calm this down, Hala.

GORANI: And how is the government reacting to all of this? Clearly these protestors and across sectarian lines by the way which is important to

underline in Lebanon are angry with their government, they're blaming it of being - they're accusing it of being corrupt and dysfunctional. How is the

government responding to all of this?

WALSH: So far today the government has not offered any concessions. Now they have a mechanism they've already let out before this started when it

handed the trash portfolio away to the environment minister, the agriculture minister that you have to come up with a way of fixing it but

frankly this has been ongoing for weeks. They haven't really managed to inspire confidence in bringing that small part to a head.

More broadly the other demands of the protestors about accountability for violence here. Well there's supposed to be an investigations result being

announced tomorrow by the Interior Ministry, you'll have to see if that brings people out on the streets again.

Remember they're investigating violence about three protests ago where a lot of live ammunition was fired into the air. We've seen a lot worse

comparably, frankly you've seen them, we don't really know how you could have been injured here so far.

The other demand they have is (inaudible) the protestors and that's not really being discussed by the government openly although a mediator between

the parties that deadlock politics here has called for a dialogue in the days ahead. The hope that they can find some sort of fix or fudge to kick

the can down the road so to speak and maybe get Lebanon's cabinet able to pass basic decisions like who's going to collect the trash.

[15:05:13] The problem really is all of that mechanism seems to be working autonomously and not in response to what's on the streets. And Hala I

think that ferments the feeling amongst the younger protests here that the older elite in power are doing their own thing. They're not responding to

people's demands on the streets they're just basically trying to show they're in power and that's how it's going to be.

The government would say well we're doing the very best given the principal for analysis in this country where so little can be done given everybody

seems to want to have exactly their own way. And perhaps even enjoy the limbo the country's currently in to be able to retain their own hold on

power or wealth in the country. The government would say we're doing the best we can.

But again and again we are seeing people out on the streets here clashes that are often pretty violent with the police and no sense that this matter

is calming in a country which many had looked upon as a comparative bright spot in a Middle East that's aflame right now. This kind of civil unrest

important as you point out to mention it's not sectarian, it doesn't play into Lebanon's (inaudible) divide between Sunni-Shiite Christian, even

(drews) here.

And that maybe has the old leader a bit confused because it doesn't necessarily allow them to pull the normal levers of power they have. It's

secular, it's angry and it wants broad sweeping change. It wants kind of a cultural revolution here.

They're calling for that. They don't have a clear leader. Neither really does the government. Negotiations fuzzy if they're even going to happen at

all but still these protests continuing Hala.

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GORANI: All right, and like everywhere in the Middle East if you don't have the government you have what replaces it, what comes next, where will

this anger leave the country? Nick Paton Walsh is live in Beirut we will stay in close touch of course with Nick for more developing angles out of

that story in the Lebanese capital, Beirut, as we saw there some angry scenes.

Angry scenes in Budapest as well where migrants are demanding to be allowed onboard trains bound for Germany. Right now they're not even allowed

inside the train station itself. Take a look.

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GORANI: Please open the station, there is frustration, there is disappointment, it is clear on the migrants faces. Some had been waiting

for hours, tickets in hand when Hungary abruptly reversed force after allowing thousands of migrants to travel to Austria and Germany on earlier

trains.

ZOLTAN KOVACS, HUNGARIAN GOVERNMENT SPOKESMAN: The problem is that they don't follow the rules from the very moment they end the borders and they

don't - they wouldn't try to comply with registration protests, and they wouldn't go to the places where we will be able to provide them.

They go to the railway stations and demand free leave to western Europe. Again this is impossible.

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GORANI: That is Zoltan Kovacs, he is the Hungarian Government's Spokesperson. He's saying look, we're just following the rules here. They

don't have the paperwork we can't allow them to go inside a passport free zone.

We have two senior international correspondents covering this story tonight. Arwa Damon is at the train station in Budapest. Fred Pleitgen is

in Munich, the destination so many refugees hope to reach but are not able to on this day.

Arwa, let's start with you. What is the situation where you are and do we have any idea when some of these refugees will be allowed on trains bound

for Munich?

ARWA DAMON, CNN SENIOR INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: No Hala, we have absolutely no idea whatsoever. And even though the Hungarian government

says that it is abiding by EU Law, clearly those laws were bent yesterday allowing the train loads to depart to Western Europe from this very train

station which is exactly why people don't understand why today they were not allowed to board. They have been demonstrating throughout the entire

day still going strong because they simply cannot keep living like this.

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DAMON: The (inaudible) scribbled on scraps of paper, babies are tired but there appears to be no empathy here in Hungary.

They beg Germany, a nation that said it would take them in to save them.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We have I ticket (inaudible) government and we (inaudible).

DAMON: On Monday refugees from the wars in Syria and Iraq were permitted to board trains. But on Tuesday they were not. (Inaudible) people waited

for hours to part just wait in the air, money they couldn't really afford to lose.

(Inaudible) dejected, some cradle their children listless from the day spent living in the streets. It was supposed to end, they were supposed to

get on the train to Austria and Germany, but their misery continues.

[15:10:05] They want to know if the reason why they can't get on the train is because of the German government or if it's here.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I don't know. I really don't know.

DAMON: (Arnette Groth) is with Germany's The Left Party and a Member of Parliament.

ARNETTE GROTH, GERMAN PARLIAMENT MEMBER: I hope that I can at least alert the Germany politicians and all the other government as well that this is

absolutely against all international humanitarian conventions we signed against the Geneva protocol. People who flee for terror and war have the

right to protect - to protection.

DAMON: It is a right the refugees say does not exist for them here herded like sheep they tell us from one spot to another by Hungarian police as

they cleared some areas.

They were in the middle of their meal and they say that the police just came up to them and told them immediately take your tent out or else we're

going to forcibly bring it down and remove you from the premises.

The family is from Damascus and couldn't take life on the edge of death anymore. But here they say it's hardly better.

Hala, it's been so unspeakably difficult for all of those that are still trapped here in limbo. The demonstrations so far have been peaceful but

there is a small group of far right individuals who are chanting against the migrants and the refugees and there are concerns that tensions could

possibly rise. That being said those among the refugees who are sort of leading their own (inaudible) are urging everyone to remain calm.

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GORANI: Arwa Damon is in Budapest at that train station where many refugees say just allow us onto the train. Thanks very much. Refugees

trying to reach Western Europe have come all the way from Syria of course.

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GORANI: Take a look at the map just before we get you to Munich where Fred Pleitgen is. You can see how far they've travelled, an exhausting journey

that takes them through Turkey and then across the sea to Greece. Many then go through Macedonia eventually making their way to Serbia and

Hungary. Hungary of course is a critical transit point. It is the doorway to that passport free travel zone inside of the EU.

Germany as we mentioned is the ultimate goal for many refugees seeking asylum.

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GORANI: Hundreds did make it to Munich over the past day before Hungary put the brakes on migrant trains. Fred Pleitgen is live at the Munich

train station for us.

Now Fred is it - what's the situation there now because as I understand it today there were no trains from Budapest into Munich correct, with refugees

on them, is that correct?

FRED PLEITGEN, SENIOR INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Well there were some trains that came in early in the morning hours there were actually hundreds

of refugees that made it here to the Munich train station I would say pretty much until noon maybe 2pm there were people who were actually coming

in. But it's so interesting to just oppose the situation that Arwa had just described there in Hungary with people who have virtually nothing with

the situation that we're seeing right now here at the Central station in Munich.

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PLEITGEN: Hala, I'm standing in a sea of food, water, clothing, everything is here but there aren't any more migrants that are able to come here.

We've seen in the past couple of hours trains arriving from Budapest, trains arriving from Austria which before had people on them. Also there

are dozens of volunteers who have come here from the Munich area who have brought all of these things and who are volunteering to stay here for the

better part of the night thinking that people will come but so far it's been very, very little in the evening hours.

However earlier today many trains came with many people. Let's have a look at what that was like.

With almost every new train another batch of dozens of refugees arrived in Munich immediately taken in by police and brought to the central station's

parking lot for processing. Many spoke of a harrowing journey to finally make it to Germany. Like this young woman who travelled with her family

from Afghanistan.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It was very hard for us, it takes for about more than a month. And in Hungary my mother had got very bad sick, she was in the

hospital. But we are happy because we are here right now.

PLEITGEN: Some of the refugees tired, week and hungry didn't want to talk about their journey, just their joy that they'd reached their destination.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: A bright future and some dreams and I'm really very thankful for the European Union and especially for German government.

PLEITGEN: In the sweltering heat police officers also helped handing out food and water and making sure that the refugees were swiftly moved to

temporary accommodations.

Of course the authorities here in Germany are also somewhat overwhelmed by the flood of people that's coming here but they're trying to prevent some

of the chaos that we've seen in other countries. They're trying to get these people on buses and bring them to shelter as fast as they can.

[15:15:18] As the day went on more and more volunteers showed up bringing everything from food to cosmetics, toys and medical supplies. Munich

Central Station's parking lot turned into a state of the art processing center.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: (As translated) We've been out here since 7pm last night this volunteer says. We've seen five trains with many refugees come

here and there were really some very emotional scenes that we witnessed.

PLEITGEN: But as the people in Munich continue to enhance the facility and bring in more supplies the flow of refugees became thinner. Many stuck in

Hungary unable to proceed to Germany where an army of helpers is ready to take them in.

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GORANI: All right, Fred Pleitgen is in Munich, our Arwa Damon is in Budapest. Thanks to you both we will be keeping in close touch with the

two of you with more developments there on this migrant refugee crisis in Europe. Thanks to both of you.

Let's get some perspective now on why EU nations have failed to come up with a solution to this crisis. My guest was a Foreign Minister to France,

Philippe Douste-Blazy now serves as the United Nations Under Secretary, sir thanks for joining us. And let's get the big picture.

I know you were in Lampedusa which was one of the frontlines - which is one of the frontlines of this refugee migrant crisis. We have some video in

fact that you yourself shot on your phone.

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GORANI: What did you see there and why did you go there?

PHILIPPE DOUSTE-BLAZY, UNITED NATIONS UNDER SECRETARY: I went to Lampedusa for 10 days. I am going to give you one example. Last Tuesday we went to

rescue a boat - to rescue a boat with Italian Coastguard. And there were 350 people on the boat and we opened the bottom of the boat and we

discovered 50 dead bodies.

GORANI: You witnessed this yourself with the coastguard?

DOUSTE-BLAZY: Yes myself. Asphyxiated by the gas of the engine. Two hours after another boat I saw 10 people drowned. And thanks to the

(inaudible) from Italy only four were saved.

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DOUSTE-BLAZY: So three pregnant women were in the boat. Three dead bodies were in the boat. Everybody was (inaudible) nobody spoke about that. It

is human beings. How can refuse this human beings? To me it's impossible to do that. So we have to come back to the second world war to see this

kind of atrocities.

So you know I think that we - it is our fault because the cause of that is extreme poverty. I know that we have a lot of refugees from war, but we

have a link between violence, corruption, extreme poverty and civil war.

GORANI: You say it is our fault what do you mean by that and whose fault?

DOUSTE-BLAZY: Because we cannot continue to have 2 billion people in the world who earn less than $1.5 dollar a day. We have to provide for each

human being in the world drinking water, sanitation, health, education and food.

GORANI: Let me ask you about the European Union specifically.

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GORANI: This is a huge crisis, as you mention since World War II, the type of refugee crisis that we're seeing is historic.

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GORANI: Why has this union which is designed to operate as a unit, why has it been so incapable of addressing this problem?

DOUSTE-BLAZY: Because you have two different things. Short term policy, I can understand it is very difficult for Mr. (Inaudible), Mr. Hollande, Mr.

Cameron, (inaudible) but you have the longer term policy and we have to create innovative financing for development to give personally in 2006 when

I was Minister of Foreign Affairs, I passed a law to say we are going to pay one dollar more by plane ticket. In 8 years - in 8 years we raised

$2.5 million.

GORANI: Before we go I want to mention a petition that you are - you have launched on Change.org/globalunity. Before we go, tell us about this

petition.

DOUSTE-BLAZY: Exactly. Because now it's time to act. In the U.S., in the U.K., in Australia, in all the G20 countries we have to make a difference

between global war and global unity.

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[15:20:11] DOUSTE-BLAZY: And it is this petition change.org/globalunity because we cannot save like that. We have to move because we have a wave

of 30cm, we are going to have in 10 years a wave of (30m).

GORANI: Philippe Douste-Blazy, we've got to leave it there, thanks very much for joining us. Good luck with this initiative and thanks for being

on the program.

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GORANI: A lot more to come tonight. Pope Francis makes an announcement about abortion.

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GORANI: How church policy is shifting for women who have had this particular procedure. We'll be right back.

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GORANI: Pope Francis is rocking the Roman Catholic establishment again.

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GORANI: Starting in December a long time rule automatically excommunicating women who've had abortions will be relaxed for about a

year. During that period the Pontiff says these women can instead seek forgiveness from a Priest.

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GORANI: On the heels of this announcement from Pope Francis observers wonder what could be next. Vatican correspondent, Delia Gallagher, joins

me now live from Rome.

All right, so first of all the rule is that women can seek forgiveness from a priest instead of from a bishop correct? But they are still

excommunicated if they've had an abortion.

DELIA GALLAGHER, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: That's correct the teaching still stands which is that an abortion incurs an automatic

excommunication.

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GALLAGHER: The difference is that that excommunication previously had to be lifted by special permission from the Bishop. Now the Pope is saying

that that special permission is no longer necessary. That the ban can effectively be lifted by any priest in confession who forgives the woman of

her sins. So that is the main point with regard to the rules Hala.

The larger significance of it of course is the Pope reaching out to a group of people who are probably not used to being addressed by the Pope.

Everybody knows what the Catholic teaching is on abortion, that has not changed. It is still considered a sin which carries the penalty of

excommunication. But the Pope is making it easier for these women to return to the church. Hala?

GORANI: All right, Delia Gallagher, thanks very much, a significant announcement from the Vatican.

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GORANI: Could this be the new frontier in the global oil market?

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GORANI: We speak exclusively to Iran's Petroleum Minister about tapping into the county's potential.

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[15:26:34] GORANI: Well it's a bad day for the Dow once again, we're down two and a half percent, 419 points lower at 16,105. The wider market for

you, the S&P 500 and the tech heavy NASDAQ Index are also lower. And across Europe here we go for the major European indices. And by the way

London was closed yesterday so it's playing catch up today, down 3%, two and a third percent lower for the DAX, and it's lower elsewhere across the

region as well.

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GORANI: It has been another roller coaster session for oil prices with an intraday loss of almost 8%.

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GORANI: That follows strong gains on Monday for both Brent Crude, and U.S. Crude or WTI.

Crude prices rose nearly 30% in just three days but weak factory data from China is highlighting the danger that fuel demand could be lower than

expected.

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GORANI: Another factor contributing to a fall in oil prices is the prospect of sanctions being lifted on Iran.

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GORANI: The country has the fourth largest proven reserves in the world and wants to increase exports by at least a million barrels a day. In an

exclusive interview from Tehran our emerging markets editor, John Defterios, spoke to Iran's Oil Minister. It's part of CNN's special series

looking at the global price war over the commodity.

BIJAN NAMDAR ZANGENEH, IRANIAN PETROLEUM MINISTER: Can we wait and not produce after lifting the sanction? Who can accept it in Iran?

Do you believe that the nation of our country will accept it? Not to produce for secure the market for others? The first oil producer in the

Middle East can we lose our share in the market? It's not fair.

JOHN DEFTERIOS, CNN EMERGING MARKETS EDITOR: By 2020 the combined production of Iran and Iraq will be about level with Saudi Arabia. This

will change the dynamics within OPEC and the OPEC leadership. How will it change do you think?

ZANGENEH: We with all the difficulty that we have it's the history of OPEC that we should cooperate with each other and to go ahead with each other.

It's very, very important. We should cooperate with each other. It's an organization, it's a signal to the market that we want to be with the

(inaudible).

DEFTERIOS: You're producing about 2.8 million barrels a day right now. Your pre-sanctions peak was around 4.2 million barrels a day.

Realistically how long will it take to get back up to 4.2/4.3 million barrels?

ZANGENEH: We are trying around the end of the next year we will be close to this figure.

DEFTERIOS: By the end of 2016?

ZANGENEH: Yes.

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GORANI: There you have it an exclusive interview from Tehran. Still to come.

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GORANI: As the stream of migrants into Europe continues some ordinary people are extending a warm welcome. We'll hear from an Icelandic woman

who's calling on her fellow citizens to open their homes.

And branding is a disgusting practice that some sex trafficking victims have had to endure. We'll have the latest reporting on the CNN Freedom

Project series, Branded: Sex Slavery in America.

We'll be right back.

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[15:32:16] GORANI: Welcome back a look at your top stories. There is tension in Lebanon this hour.

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GORANI: Protestors have been cleared out of a government building but street battles between demonstrators and police continue. This is part of

activists anger over weeks of uncollected garbage that they say is part of a dysfunctional and corrupt government.

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GORANI: Also among our top stories. Frustration in Budapest after Hungary stopped allowing migrants to board trains for Western Europe.

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GORANI: Some had been waiting for hours at the station, they had their tickets in their hands and they were told you cannot board these trains.

Hungary abruptly reversed course after allowing initially thousands of migrants to travel to Austria and Germany yesterday.

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GORANI: And Thai police have made a second arrest in the deadly Hindu Shrine bombing.

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GORANI: Officials described the unidentified male suspect as "very important." They say he was caught before he could cross illegally into

Cambodia.

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GORANI: There is around half an hour until trading ends on Wall Street and stocks look set to finish the day with some pretty hefty losses.

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GORANI: The Dow is down now more than 400 points. It's now 12% below the all-time high that it hit in May. And you know what that means, it's the c

word, correction. The selloff follows weak manufacturing data from China.

Let's get the latest from New York and join our Richard Quest, the host of Quest Means Business.

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GORANI: All right, we're looking at again at some pretty significant losses on Wall Street today Richard, what's going on?

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RICHARD QUEST, HOST QUEST MEANS BUSINESS: We are and if you look at the Dow, Hala - if you look at the Dow it's been consistently down throughout

the day. It's trading in very much a, I won't say a tight range, but it has been within a range. And what that tells me is that for the time being

this market is comfortable with where it is but it is looking for a direction as to which way to go next.

Now that's unique to the U.S. Market at the moment because we know Shanghai still has selling pressure down. But the U.S. market is very much saying.

Look the U.S. economy is good, yes interest rates may be going up, companies have got cash, they're seeing - there's no initial reason.

But look we are almost at the worst point, if not we are at the worst point of the day and the selling has been across the globe Hala. From Shanghai

which just fell last night, right the way through the Asia market, through Europe, and across to the United States.

And to put this (inaudible) plan into perspective for you Hala, this is the one month graph of the Dow and we can pretty much say all of this is

attributable to what happened in China and the way China has now taken the world markets. And every one of these graphs let me tell you mirrors that

exact look.

[15:35:02] GORANI: Now let me - let me ask you this. If the fundamentals of U.S. Corporations have not changed significantly and this is all due to

jitters related to China. Is our experts saying this is therefore a good buying opportunity for U.S. stocks? I mean are they essentially saying

that this is - these losses are not you know they're not a reflection of fundamental issues with U.S. - the U.S. economy?

QUEST: Yes, that's a very strong point and what people are saying is if you look at the Dow and you take a longer time look that there is actually

no - I mean the Dow hasn't had a good solid - that wasn't really a correction there. It hasn't had a full correction for about three or four

years. And this 10% correction was long overdue.

Look at how the Dow is actually performing and what you see to your very point Hala, is certain stocks bided heavily down, I'm looking for Apple at

the moment on there, it's a - well look at that - look at that, Apple down 4%. Now that's the PMI number in China that's moved Apple.

But if you are keen on Apple and you want to get Apple stock then you're looking at a situation where you may not have seen it quite so low for some

time. And the same with - I mean obviously we know why the oil companies are down with the - they're so volatile in relation to the oil prices. But

even good solid consumer durables like Proctor & Gamble, Mersk, Home Depot, they're all showing losses, serious losses today.

And to your point Hala, yes, there are many out there who are saying a chance to literally cherry pick those stocks that you've been trying to

get.

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GORANI: All right, well Richard Quest thanks very much. We'll see you with a lot more market coverage at the top of the hour on Quest Means

Business on CNN.

Returning to the migrant and refugee challenge facing the EU, the International Organization for Migration says more than 350,000 people have

actually made it to Europe's Mediterranean shores in 2015. Compare that to 2014 when just under 220,000 arrived by sea over the course of the entire

year, and we're at the very beginning of September.

Atika Shubert reports on the European Union's struggle to manage the influx.

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ATIKA SHUBERT, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: As the surge of refugees and migrants now reaches Northern Europe, Germany has offered to take

800,000 refugees, four times the amount last year.

German Chancellor, Angela Merkel, made clear on Tuesday she expects the rest of Europe to do the same.

ANGELA MERKEL, GERMAN CHANCELLOR: (As translated) Instead of accusing each other I think we should now work on a joint asylum policy in Europe,

just like we discussed with Spain. We must change something. This includes these so called hot spots, registration centers which need to be

set up quickly. They must be operated by the EU overall and this includes the safe countries of origin, and the possibility to send people back to

make clear that economic reasons do not count. And this includes the fair distribution within the European Union.

SHUBERT: So will Merkel be able to rally Europe? She began by effectively flouting EU Law last week as thousands masked in Hungary Germany announced

it would allow Syrian and Iraqi refugees to apply within Germany for asylum. It would not send them back to the first EU country they entered.

That decision has forced neighbors like Hungary to deal with a surge in arrivals rushing to get to German often illegally.

KOVACS: The problem is that they don't follow the rules from the very moment they enter the borders, and they don't - wouldn't like to comply

with registration process and they wouldn't go to the places where we'll be able to provide them. They go to the railway stations and demand free

leave to Western Europe. Again, this is impossible.

SHUBERT: According to EU law all refugees must apply in the first EU country they step foot in. For most that means the frontier states of

Greece and Italy, then crossing illegally through Austria and Hungary, to reach the most popular destinations, Germany and Sweden.

For the most part the public is behind Merkel's welcome. Local football clubs hoisted welcome banners over the weekend. Villagers held refugee

welcome parties for newcomers. A recent news poll estimated that 60% support Merkel's warm welcome for refugees.

But there have also been clashes with local residents unhappy with the new arrivals, fearful of the financial and social burden they may bring. Some

of Merkel's critics say her recent steps are simply a delayed response to the overwhelming public acceptance of refugees and rejection of violence.

[15:40:02] Still Merkel has dared to do what no other EU leader has done; bend the law to quickly give a safe haven to more of those in desperate

need in the hopes that the EU will step up to the plate.

Atika Shubert, CNN, Berlin.

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GORANI: Will the EU step up to the plate? Well there are residents of one tiny country that say they want to. Iceland is the latest European nation

to extend a warm, if not official welcome to migrants.

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GORANI: People are responding to a Facebook campaign by opening their homes to refugees or saying they are willing to open their homes to

refugees.

Earlier I spoke to the woman behind this campaign an Icelandic professor and author, Bryndis Bjorgvinsdottir. I began by asking her how she decided

to launch this particular movement. Listen.

BRYNDIS BJORGVINSDOTTIR, ICELANDIC PROFESSOR AND AUTHOR: Well my Facebook friend he wrote the status on Facebook the other day and he said that his

house is big enough for five more people. So he wrote a status on Facebook saying like the Minister of Welfare can you help me with getting five

refugees from Syria to live in my house with me? And that's how we kind of raised the number of 50 people to 55 because the government has been

talking about them accessing 50 refugees.

So I noticed that many people don't find that very much. Like high enough, and only 50 people that's not even a good welcome party. So I offered to

pay for their flight tickets and then I got this idea that maybe more people would want to join in and give food or clothes or even offering

their houses or extra bedrooms. And I did that just to see how much we could raise, that number from 50 to maybe 100 or 200.

GORANI: Iceland is a small country, a population of 300,000. Why do you think there has been such a response in Iceland to this call on social

media?

BJORGVINSDOTTIR: Yes I mean I think people were just kind of fed up. We have seen pictures of what is happening and there is - I mean this war in

Syria has been going on for like six or seven years and we are not seeing any Syrian refugees in Iceland. And people are - just they really want to

help and they really want to see actions. And actions in taken like immediately right now because time matters a lot in this situation.

So that is like the aim of the page is to push pressure to raise that number and also to get them to act quicker.

GORANI: Now you're saying that the Facebook page has 12,000 members. That's not how many spots have been offered to welcome refugees. But have

you been able to count offers of housing so far have been made through the page?

BJORGVINSDOTTIR: No, there is no way. I mean people are commenting so much and as one individual I can't go through that. I would need some days

and I would need some volunteers to help me out. And that is what we're going to do. We're going to try to like find out how many houses, where

they are and so on, and then we're going to give the information to the government. And hopefully it can be useful for them to you know maybe

there are some new ideas there or something they didn't know about.

GORANI: So the next step is contact the government of Iceland and say to them here you go, you have this many people willing to offer spots to

refugees, please change this number. Is that the next step?

BJORGVINSDOTTIR: Yes. And also there are many useful information there as well just on like you know where they could live, and who is willing to

help and translate and so on.

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GORANI: Well there you have it the author Bryndis Bjorgvinsdottir in Iceland. She launched this Facebook event, 10 - 12,000 I think people have

actually replied positively and many have offered their homes.

And don't forget you can go to my Facebook page facebook.com/halagoranicnn, let us know what you think about the show and what you think of the stories

we've covered for you this evening.

Still to come on the World Right Now.

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SARA SIDNER, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Did you ever think when you were branded that it mirrors what they used to do to slaves?

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Yes I believe this is modern day slavery.

GORANI: The powerful story of survival and the words of a sex trafficking victim, how she recovered after being treated like property.

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[15:47:21] GORANI: Some young girls are forced into the sex industry by pimps who promise them freedom and protection but they end up living a

nightmare that is anything put free and safe, they are treated like property.

The latest installment of CNN's Freedom Project shows us one of the most obvious de-humanizing practices; branding. Sara Sidner continues her

special reporting as part of our ongoing effort to shed light on modern day slavery.

Today we meet a brave young woman who recalls the trauma of being treated like someone's possession.

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SIDNER: From her childlike giggles and her sunny disposition you'd never know the fear this teenager has lived in for years.

But every time 17 year old Adrianna looks into a mirror she has a mark to remind her.

Tell me about what's tattooed across your chest.

ADRIANA, SEX TRAFFICKING SURVIVOR: This right here? I call it my war wound. It's - the name is Crane and I got it when I was about 14 years old

and he was one of my pimps.

SIDNER: Adriana says it all started when she was 13 rebelling and decided to run away from home. She says she went to a party and met a guy who

promised her a glamorous life. But she soon found out that in order to get anything she had to work for him out here selling sex.

What were you feeling at 13 years old and all of a sudden you find yourself in the life of an adult.

ADRIANA: I felt awesome, I thought I was just too cool. I knew everything, I was doing everything, no-one could tell me anything. That's

exactly what it was.

SIDNER: And what was he doing for you?

ADRIANA: Nothing, he was just selling me that dream.

SIDNER: That dream has been sold to countless girls who also end up bearing the marks of ownership. These photos from the Van Nuys Vice Unit

of a Los Angeles Police Department show just how prolific branding is.

A trafficker's initials on a girls face. A nickname on her thigh. Images of moneybags, a blatant message on her neck; F You Pay Me. Even a bar code

like an item in a grocery store.

LAPD Captain Lillian Carranza says she first noticed the trend about five years ago.

[15:50:04] LILLIAN CARANZA, LOS ANGELES POLICE DEPARTMENT: This is just another way to not only control them, to let them know you belong to me.

Also to let other pimps know, hey this individual belongs to me.

SIDNER: Like property.

CARANZA: Exactly. This is no different than when you or I would mark our shirts or lunch box or our lunch for the day with our name in order to let

everybody else know hey this is our property.

SIDNER: For Adriana as the months ticked by the work grew increasingly grueling, her trafficker demanding she make a certain amount of money. She

worked day and night sometimes in life threatening situations.

So guns pulled on you. Knives?

ADRIANA: Knives yes, I've gotten a few knives before and it's very scary.

SIDNER: How do you live with that fear?

ADRIANA: You don't you can't live with it. You kill yourself at night that's what you do to live with that fear. What no? You don't live with

that type of fear.

SIDNER: What do you do with it?

ADRIANA: You suppress it.

SIDNER: She said pimps encourage girls to take drugs and get them hooked so they can work 24 hours a day. Adriana said she refused and instead

tried to disengage mentally.

ADRIANA: You have to. I mean because I didn't do drugs I had to find a way of coping with this. I mean it's very disgusting it's nasty, you feel

- you feel so uncomfortable. Naturally you're going to be traumatized whether it's a gun to your head, a knife to your belly, whether it's you

being raped or robbed or whatever it is, naturally you're going to have some type of trauma behind it. And because you've been sold dreams and

you've fallen in love over and over again, and that's all you're looking for, you get hurt a lot because none of it is real.

SIDNER: Did you ever think when you were branded that it mirrors what they used to do to slaves?

ADRIANA: Yes, I believe this is modern day slavery. Definitely.

SIDNER: But she has so far decided to keep the brand right where it is and insisted on showing her face to let other girls see they don't have to live

in shame.

ADRIANA: How do you go forward and live a different life? I don't know.

SIDNER: You're still trying to figure it out?

ADRIANA: Yes.

SIDNER: Adriana is working towards a high school diploma but the future is fuzzy because the life as she calls it keeps pulling her back.

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GORANI: Adriana is far from the only survivor of this disgusting branding practice.

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GORANI: This time tomorrow Jennifer Kempton will tell her story of survival in her own words. Find out how she is trying to help other

victims move on after all this trauma, the trauma of being branded. So join us for that.

Coming up, a landscape altered in our lifetime. A close up look at what climate change is really doing.

We'll be right back.

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GORANI: The American President Barack Obama is pushing his climate change initiative in Alaska.

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GORANI: He's spending a day on a hike in the great outdoors as well as on a tour of the state's fjords.

[15:55:03] Mr. Obama is also looking to speed up the purchase of arctic ice breakers to ensure that the U.S. can operate year round in the region

and compete with Russia.

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GORANI: President Obama says that if nothing is done temperatures in Alaska are projected to rise between 6 and 12 degrees by the end of this

century and the landscape is already changing as CNN weather anchor, Derek Van Dam explains.

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DEREK VAN DAM, CNN WEATHER ANCHOR: As warmer temperatures become the norm in our society a unique and very important part of our ecosphere is

disappearing.

Just like this glacier in Alaska, these large casiums of ice and rock are melting at an unprecedented rate all over the planet. A team of scientists

and photographers have set up timeless cameras at the edges of the world's fastest retreating glacier. They've captured a unique way to blend art

with science in these phenomenal time lapse movies.

JAMES BALOG, These pictures are the manifestation of that. Most importantly they are the eye witness evidence of how climate change is re-

shaping our world.

VAN DAM: With 10% of the world covered by glacial ice it is imperative that humans pay close attention to the warning signs they convey. Glacial

melt is a significant contributor to sea level rise, one of the biggest threats, climate change presents to modern civilization. In fact

scientists believe we may already be locked into three feet of sea level rise enough to submerge hundreds of millions of people worldwide.

Climate change can often be an abstract concept making it tough for world leaders to justify the type of policy changes necessary to curb the

emission of greenhouse gases. But images like these make the topic of global warming incredibly hard to ignore.

Well scientists say two degrees Celsius is the tipping point for global climate change and that will be the focus of our coverage here on CNN for

our 2 Degrees initiative. We'll report on the effects of global warming and also possible solutions, this is all leading up to a big conference in

Paris in December. CNN.com/2degrees.

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GORANI: This has been The World Right Now, thanks for watching. I'm Hala Gorani, Quest Means Business is next.

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