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Peyton Manning Squares off with Cam Newton in Super Bowl 50; Gulf Nations Push Back Against Criticism They Aren't Doing Enough for Syrian Refugess; World Leaders Condemn North Koreans for Rocket Launch. Aired 11a- 12p ET
Aired February 7, 2016 - 11:00 ET
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[11:00:09] BECKY ANDERSON, HOST: Destabilizing and provocative: world leaders condemn North Korea and the Hermit Kingdom's latest satellite
launch from emergency United Nations security council meeting as we speak.
We're live in Seoul and at the UN for you up next.
Also ahead this evening, the battle for Aleppo forces thousands of Syrians to flee adding pressure for country's hosting refugees. The view from
Turkey, from Jordan and from the Gulf coming up.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Good to see you.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Yeah! That's a bonus.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
ANDERSON: Showdown in Dubai: we send our very own cameraman to face one of the best bowlers in cricket history. Some amusing results a little later.
ANNOUNCER: Live from CNN Abu Dhabi, this is Connect the World with Becky Anderson.
ANDERSON: And a very good evening. It's just after 8:00 here. We begin with North Korea. The reclusive nation has created an international uproar
over its launch of a long-range rocket. Now, at this hour, the UN security council begins what is an emergency meeting on how to respond to
Pyongyang's latest move.
North Korea say it launched a rocket to carry a satellite into orbit, but the U.S., South Korea and Japan says it was actually a front for a
ballistic missile test.
Now, UN secretary-general Ban Ki-moon called the launch, and I quote, deeply deplorable and a violation of security council resolutions.
Well, we're covering the story from all angles for you this evening. Our senior international correspondent Ivan Watson standing by in Seoul.
First, let's go to our senior UN correspondent Richard Roth.
And Richard, what is the collective response likely to be? Remind us what options the UN has at its disposal at this point?
RICHARD ROTH, CNN CORRESPONDENT: They can't even agree on more sanctions after that nuclear test of some sort in early January. I just watched
security council ambassadors file in on a Sunday morning here in New York. The president of the security council, the ambassador from Venezuela said
it's likely there will be a statement which would condemn the action.
But this has been seen quite often before. The problem, China, the U.S., have not really been able to agree on deeper sanctions against the
Other options, of course, would be some type of proposal for diplomacy, which many here feel that's not the time. It's the time to get tougher
with the North Koreans who don't really pay attention, or obey multiple security council resolutions which have banned missile launches -- Becky.
ANDERSON: Ivan, Pyongyang insists it fired the rocket toput a satellite in orbit. Is there any concrete evidence to suggest that it was anything but
that at this point?
IVAN WATSON, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Well, that's certainly what everybody is studying right now. And it's very important to note that you
had the U.S., South Korea, Japan, Taiwan, all their militaries were on alert trying to track this rocket which is believed to have reached orbit
within just about ten minutes after its launch.
But a map of where the debris is believed to have fallen, according to the Japanese, government it went down the length of the Korean peninsula and
kind of arced in the direction of Okinawa.
The South Koreans say that they recovered a piece of debris that they believe may have been part of the rocket. And you've got the U.S.
government confirming that there are two new objects in space in orbit within a short while after this launch took place.
Now, the North Koreans, again, they insist that this is an Earth observation satellite, that it's up there for scientific reasons, that it's
up there for telecommunications reasons as well. And as we've seen on North Korean state television, there are already celebrations from some
residents who have spoken to the TV cameras up there. Take a listen.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
UNIDENTIFIED MALE (through translator): To think that Kwang Mung-sung IV (ph) is flying in that sky it really gets me excited. As part of the
teacher of the next generation, I'll do my best to shoot up endless satellites into the sky by bringing up more talented scientists.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE (through translator): So, we feel it, the great strength of our nation being able to do anything with our great leader Kim Jong-un.
So I from now on as a university student that is part of the next generation
will dedicate my whole youth for the country.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
WATSON: I think here's the problem, Becky, the experts say this is dual- use technology. You fire a rocket like this up into space. It could carry a satellite but it also could conceivably carry a warhead, a nuclear
warhead. Nobody has proof yet that the North Koreans have developed that technology yet, even though just a month ago they claim to have detonated a
hydrogen bomb -- Becky.
ANDERSON: Yeah, and as far as I understand it the payload on that rocket would be significantly more if indeed it were a satellite.
Look, this rocket launch, according to North Korea, they say part of the country's peaceful space program, does it have one?
WATSON: Well, you know, our correspondent Will Ripley, who was in Pyongyang last month, he was actually the first foreign journalist to be
taken to the space agency of North Korea and got a tour of that location.
So, yes, the North Koreans are talking about their space aspirations. But at the same time, they're clearly developing their nuclear weapons program.
All of these are subject to United Nations sanctions. So they're all breaking, effectively, international law. And again, even their trading
partner, they're longtime ally, China, concedes that United Nations resolutions are being broken here. China has expressed regret about this.
And the big question is what can you do about it? South Korea, the U.S., basically they've called this United Nations security council emergency
session that Richard oth is covering. And they're also now talking about talks of possible
deployment of a weapons system in South Korea. It's known as the THAAD system, The Terminal High Altitude Area Defense system, basically, that's
designed to shoot down international -- ICBMs, basically. That you could fire nuclear warheads on.
That is a weapons system that China does not want on the divided and increasingly tense Korean peninsula, Becky.
ANDERSON: Thank you, Ivan.
Richard, so, we've been talking about North Korea breaking resolutions, not adhering to resolutions and having sanctions slapped against them in the
past. To my mind it seems, at least when you speak to experts, these sanctions don't seem to have had any obvious impact. So what's the point
at this point?
ROTH: Look, North Korea may be as rogue of these last few decades complying with, or not complying with the UN. This is the place, the UN,
much as there's a lot of criticism of the security council is supposed to protect international peace
and security. You never know what can happen. I'm not trying to be a UN cheerleader here, but look at what happened with Iran. Years of sanctions,
resolutions. Now, you have a different situation. No one knows what's going to happen in the future. Those sanctions did eventually bite.
They're not biting necessarily on North Korea.
But there is a framework here, this is where all countries feel they have a forum or a place they can broker something. You never know what the outcome is, but it's going to start somewhere. It'll be here.
A lot of other countries really think the UN is where the message comes from, despite some criticism from many others.
Yes, it can be very ineffective so far.
ANDERSON: Richard Roth is at the United Nations monitoring those talks, that emergency meeting as it goes on. Ivan for you tonight in South Korea.
Gentlemen, thank you.
Well, Turkey's president says his country is ready, if necessary, to accept Syrian refugees fleeing a new wave of violence. Now, the UN estimates
40,000 people have been displaced by recent fighting around the city of Aleppo.
Well, CNN's Arwa Damon joining us now from the Turkish-Syria border. Turkey says it is willing to accept more refugees if necessary. Is there
any evidence at this point that they are doing so?
ARWA DAMON, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Well, Becky, you can see the border behind me does remain closed. And tens of thousands on the other
side, some waiting right at the border crossing, others disbursed along the border and in the various villages hoping that Turkey will open its doors.
But at this stage, it has not. Authorities are saying that the logic behind that is that they are providing the Syrians on the other side,
inside Syria, with the necessary tents and food and water and therefore, do not deem it to be
urgent at this point to allow them through.
But Syrians we've been talking to say whatever they've been provided with quite simply is not enough.
Remember, these are people that have fled the most recent bombardment. The most of it Russian bombardment described by many as being the most intense
bombing that they have seen since the year's long war began. And they say that sure there's some tentsk, there's more tents that are being built.
But it is bitterly cold out. They don't have blankets. They don't have a means to be able to keep warm. And whatever food and water is getting to
them quite simply is...
[11:10:06] ANDERSON: All right. Struggling slightly with our link with Arwa there, but you get the impression, a border that looks very, very
clear at present, on one side, clearly behind the barriers, though, tens of thousands trying to escape what is a bloody situation.
till to come tonight, more on the human toll of Syria's devastating conflict. And we're going to have a look at how it's being felt across the
region. Special report from Jordan and here in the UAE and the Gulf.
Plus, the Republican U.S. presidential candidates speak in their final debate before Tuesday's primary. What they are saying about that North
Korean rocket launch and why New Hampshire is so difficult to predict. Taking a short break. Back after this.
ANDERSON: Hello. You're watching Connect the World from Abu Dhabi. Welcome back.
I'm Becky Anderson. To the top Republicans hoping to be the next U.S. president who met last night for the final debate ahead of Tuesday's New
Now, in addition to attacks against each other, they all had something to say about North Korea's rocket launch. Ted Cruz used the event to attack
the Democrats. Here's a portion of their remarks for you.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
SEN. TED CRUZ, (R) TEXAS: The fact we're seeing the launch and we're seeing the launch from a nuclear North Korea is the direct result of the
failures of the first Clinton administration. The Clinton administration led the world in relaxing sanctions against North Korea, billions of
dollars flowed in to North Korea in exchange for promises not to build nuclear weapons.
They took those billions and built nuclear weapons.
DONALD TRUMP, 2016 REPUBLICAN PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: China says they don't have that good a control over North Korea. They have tremendous
control. I deal with the Chinese all of the time. The largest bank of the world is one of my buildings in Manhattan. I deal with them. They tell
me, they have total, absolute control, practically, of North Korea.
They are sucking trillions of dollars out of our country. They're rebuilding China with the money they take out of our country. I would get
on with China, let China solve that problem. They can do it quickly and surgically, that's
what we should do with North Korea.
SEN. MARCO RUBIO, (R) FLORIDA: Barack Obama views America as this arrogant global power that needed to be cut down to size. North Koreans should be
back on the list of terrorist nations as an example. And Donald is absolutely right, China does have a lot of influence over North Korea. And
he should be leveraging our relationship with the Chinese to ensure that North Korea no longer has
access to the resources that have allowed them to -- a country that has no economy to develop long range missiles already capable of reaching the west
coast of the United States potentially.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
ANDERSON: We are getting bummed out there.
When the candidates on both sides counted down to Tuesday's New Hampshire primary, then, and the state may be relatively small, but there is a lot at
stake. And as my colleague Federicka Whitfield reports, when it comes to voting, just about anything goes.
DONALD TRUMP, (R) PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: Goodbye, everybody. See you.
FREDERICKA WHITFIELD, CNN CORRESPONDENT: In the final push across the granite state, candidates are energizing big crowds and getting personal.
New Hampshire voters are tough, traditionally setting the bar high, expecting face time and demanding candidates understand what they need.
JENNIFER HORN, CHAIRMAN OF THE NEW HAMPSHIRE REPUBLICAN PARTY: I don't think they want to hear a different message. They want sincerity and
consistency. But they do also expect these candidates who are running for the highest office in the land to understand their concerns locally as
WHITFIELD: Do you think the candidates are put to a test in a different way here?
RAY BUCKLEY, CHAIRMAN OF THE NEW HAMPSHIRE DEMOCRATIC PARTY: Oh, absolutely, and really significantly, because as president of the state
chair association I get to go to all the state party events where oftentimes presidential candidates come, and it's like Madonna is showing
up or Lady Gaga or some rock star that they are just so amazed that this person's in the same room with them. And the people in New Hampshire are
like, yes, whatever. So what is your position on nuclear disarmament? What is your position on health care?
WHITFIELD: The leaders of the state's Democratic and Republican parties agree on something else -- voters don't toe the party line.
This is a red state, though?
BUCKLEY: Purple state, Fredricka, purple state.
WHITFIELD: So anyone goes? Is that your feeling?
BUCKLEY: We have 43 percent of the electorate of independents. Plus those unregistered can register that morning and vote. HORN: New Hampshire is
notoriously independent in their decision making thinking. And I say all the time, whether they're a registered Republican or Democrat or an
independent, they consider themselves to be independent.
WHITFIELD: And any candidate wanting to be chosen must first register at the state capital.
All right, Mr. House Speaker, Shawn Jasper. Any presidential candidate has to begin right here at the state house before they are name ends up on a
ballot for primary.
SHAWN JASPER, NEW HAMPSHIRE HOUSE SPEAKER: Absolutely. Yes. And only $1,000 to get on the ballot.
WHITFIELD: What makes New Hampshire in your view unique in the presidential race?
JASPER: I think we're unique because we are a small state geographically. We have a great diversity of ideas and thoughts within our population.
WHITFIELD: After filing here, candidates are steps away from another Concord tradition -- the Barley House.
So Brian, this is your spot at the Barley House, and it's become a fixture on the campaign trail?
BRIAN SHEA, OWNER, THE BARLEY HOUSE: Yes, it has. We've pretty much had most candidates come in here. Not everyone.
WHITFIELD: Restaurant owner Brian Shea says there's still plenty of time before the general election.
You've got pictures of everyone who has been through here, especially within the past 15 years.
WHITFIELD: Michele Bachmann, you've got Barack Obama, Hillary Clinton.
SHEA: There's Newt Gingrich. And funny story with Newt Gingrich. He was in here, and a reporter asked him, you know, are you seriously running for
president? And he said, of course I am. I'm at the Barley House. So that kind of confirmed it for us. And so it was kind of cool.
WHITFIELD: Many here agree it's pretty cool, rolling out the welcome mat for all the candidates and anyone else excited about the first primary
state and the race to the White House.
SHEA: When people say, oh, New Hampshire. Why New Hampshire? It's like, there's no walls. Come on in. You know? You get to do everything. We don't
check I.D.s when you go into a town hall meeting. You can be a Democrat, be a Republican, be from California, you can be from Florida.
WHITFIELD: Every candidate maximizing every minute in the final hours to win New Hampshire.
ANDERSON: Well, on the Democratic side, Hillary Clinton is expected to make an unscheduled campaign stop in New Hampshire today before leaving
this state. Now, she will attend a community meeting in Flint, Michigan where contaminated water has become a crisis.
CNN will host an internationally televised Democratic debate from there next month.
Bernie Sanders, meantime, took a break from the campaign trail to appear on the sketch comedy show Saturday Night Live. He was joined in a Titanic
themed skit by actor Larry David.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
SANDERS: I'm so sick of the 1 percent getting this preferential treatment. Enough is enough.
LARRY DAVID, ACTOR: Sounds like socialism to me.
SANDERS: Democratic socialism.
DAVID: Eh, what's the difference?
SANDERS: Huge difference.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
ANDERSON: Sanders would make history with a win in New Hampshire on Tuesday. He'd become the first Jewish candidate ever to win a presidential
And, if he wins the presidency, he'd become the first Jewish president in U.S. history.
But his religion largely absent from the campaign trail, until CNN's Anderson Cooper brought it up this week. You can read more about it,
including what he says about his Jewish faith at CNN.com.
You're watching Connect the World with me Becky Anderson. Live from Abu Dhabi. It is, what, 20 minutes past the hour here. Coming up, millions of
Syrians have fled the violence in their homeland, mainly to countries here in the Middle East. We'll have a special look at how it's impacting both
Jordan and the UAE.
Plus, North Korea's latest rocket launch is being widely condemned. What can the international community do about it? We'll talk with an analyst
about the world's response after this.
Taking a break.
[11:22:36] ANDERSON: At 22 minutes past 8:00 in the UAE, welcome back. I'm Becky Anderson.
All right, to one of our top stories this evening. And as the fighting around Aleppo is pushing thousands more Syrians to flee their homes,
countries in the region are feeling the effects.
Now Syria's brutal war has resulted in more than 4 million refugees over the past five years. Many have gone to neighboring Jordan, but the tiny
nation struggling to cope as Jomana Karadsheh now reports.
JOMANA KARADSHEH, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: (inaudible) family survive on UN handouts, food rations and the charity of others, but they
can barely cover their $300 a month rent. Cousins Abu Hamad (ph) and Abu Naim (ph) say life is tough, but at least they escaped the bloodshed in
If they could find jobs in Jordan, Abu Naim (ph) says, their life could change. The majority of the 1.2 million Syrians in Jordan are like al-
Taqis (ph), urban refugees in cities and in towns across the country. And according to UNHCR, nearly nine out of ten of these refugees live under the
But it's not just the refugees who are suffering. Jordan, a country that's worked to build its economy is now also struggling to cope.
MOHAMMED AL-MOMANI, MINISTER OF STATE FOR MEDIA AFFAIRS: This is a huge burden that puts pressure on all of our socioeconomic indicators and have
put tremendous pressure on our economy that is already suffering from level of poverty and level of unemployment and
KARADSHEH: While many Jordanians are welcoming of refugees, they're finding the impact. "Young people are not finding jobs because there are
Syrians who would work for lower salaries," this man says.
"The cost of living has gone up," this man tells us, "there's a competition over job and everything like rent is increasing."
"The Syrians are our brothers but everything is more expensive and the city is more congested now," this woman tells us.
After years of dealing with the influx of Syrian refugees, Jordan says it wants to see a shift in the international approach to the crisis, expanding
beyond the emergency response of providing things like blankets and shelters, to more sustainable, longer-term economic solutions.
Jordan is taking a wishlist to Europe. It includes requests like focused funding, as well as
access to a wider range of financial support to stimulate Jordan's economy. In addition to easing some of the restrictions on Jordanian exports into
the EU, hoping this would create more jobs for Syrians and Jordanians.
[11:25:08] AL-MOMANI: It is important for the world to help host countries in order for these countries to help refugees, otherwise, if we don't deal
with refugees in the Middle East, in host countries, we will have to deal with them in every other part of the world as we have seen this crisis
hitting the heart of Europe.
KARADSHEH: Jordan's message coming at a time when the world's worst refugee crisis in decades seems far from over.
Jomana Karadsheh, CNN, Amman.
ANDERSON: Well, unlike Jordan, Gulf countries face a lot of criticism over their response to Syria's refugee crisis.
Now, at Thursday's donor conference in London, the UAE, United Arab Emirates, for example, pledged more than $130 million to help. But despite
its generosity, there are those who think it should be doing more.
Jon Jensen explains.
JON JENSEN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: By land or by sea, a perilous journey, but still perhaps safer than staying at home.
More than 4 million Syrians have fled the war taking refuge in places like Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan even Europe.
Bashar Bahra chose the UAE. He left not because of violence -- he didn't see much in Damascus where he's from, but he says because Dubai offers more
opportunity for a 27-year-old with an MBA.
BASHAR BAHRA, SYRIAN EXPAT IN DUBAI: Our choices were very limited. So, only few countries are welcoming us anyway. So, you can't get a visa
anywhere you want.
JENSEN: Bahra, though, is one of the lucky few. He isn't actually a refugee. In fact there are no Syrian refugees in the Gulf, according to
human rights groups, that's because none of the Gulf states are signatories to the UN refugee agency's 1951 convention.
Syrians can and do come, but first need visit or work visas. That's drawn criticism here, nations keeping their doors closed during the worst refugee
crisis since World War II.
We asked the government here about the criticism repeatedly, in fact. And they defended their policies, pointing to the fact that over 100,000
Syrians have come here since 2011.
And they also said you can't ignore the UAE's generous financial aid.
The Gulf states are among the biggest donors to Syrian refugees, giving millions since 2011, along with aid. Much of it comes from here, the UN
refugee agency's largest stockpile of relief supplies in the world just outside Dubai.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The GCC countries have provided $1.2 billion to the Syria humanitarian situation since 2011. And is this a generous donation.
JENSEN: Local observers say that money has been vital and that singling out the Gulf states is just unfair.
ABDULKHALEQ ABDULLA, CHAIRMAN, ARAB COUNCIL FOR SOCIAL SCIENCE: Without the help that the Arab Gulf states have given, probably Europe and America
and the rest of the world would have ended up with a much more catastrophic situation than we're already in.
JENSEN: Many here argue that the entire world could be doing more.
Bahra is doing his part in his spare time, teaching other Syrians who came here how to find better jobs. So, they, too, can stay in a city where he
feels welcome at for now at least home Jon Jensen, CNN, Dubai.
ANDERSON: The latest world news headlines are just ahead here on CNN.
Plus, more on the refugee crisis and the growing divide in Europe on how to respond.
[11:32:53] ANDERSON: Well, this hour we've been talking about the thousands of civilians who have been forced to flee Syria.
As we've reported, they join an exodus that stretches across the region and increasingly into Europe.
But their presence hasn't been welcome in places. Anti-migrant protesters vented their anger in city's across Europe on Saturday from the Czech
Republic to the United Kingdom.
These pictures are from a rally in Desden in Germany, planned by a far right group pushing for tougher immigration laws.
In Calais in France, people clashed with police and several were arrested. They were protesting what is this migrant camp at the port city called The
Jungle which houses an estimated 6,000 people.
Well, CNN's Diana Mangay was at that protest in Calais and filed this report.
DIANA MAGNAY, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Striking up The Marseillaise, these chords of fervent nationalism to protest the thousands
of migrants camped on Calais's outskirts.
"They should go back to where they came from," this man says, "before we rip their heads off."
Not much love for journalists here either.
"You don't understand the problems we have here in Calais," this man shouts at the press corps.
The police are out in large numbers, and they don't mess around.
But his last warning, he says that the police will use force if the protesters don't go. That this meeting is banned.
What they've been doing is moving in and arresting the key trouble makers who are presumably known to police. But at this gathering there do seem to
be more police than there are protesters.
It doesn't take long to break this up, around 20 are arrested of the 200 or so who showed up.
France has been in a state of emergency since the Paris attacks last November, that gives police special powers, which human rights groups have
criticized for unfairly targeting immigrant communities.
But it's clear that heavy-handed policing isn't confined just to them in a country where the authorities have had more than their share of problems
this past year.
Calais's new residents kept their distance. Down at the so-called Jungle, the infamous shantytown near the entrance to the Channel Tunnel, they dream
of crossing to the UK even as new container units go up to afford them better housing. Their temporary home becoming each day more permanent.
Diana Magnay, CNN, Calais.
[11:35:31] ANDERSON: Well, let's return to our top story for you tonight. North Korea's controversial rocket launch. Just over three years ago.
Pyongyang celebrated the launch of a satellite into orbit marking a coming of age for new leader Kim Jong-un that caused outrage at the time with the
United States calling it provocative and China expressing deep concern.
Well, they say history has a way of repeating itself. And there has been similar uproar on Sunday after Pyongyang's latest launch.
North Korea called the move a success saying it was carrying a satellite. But this latest defiance of United Nations sanctions triggered an emergency
security council meeting which is going on at this hour on a response.
Well, for more, we're joined by Charles Armstrong, professor of Korean studies at Columbia
University joining us tonight from New York. And, sir, we thank you for that.
Now, CNN working to confirm reports that the United States has identified two objects in
space since this rocket launch. What chance that North Korea's detractor are wrong and that this is simply a satellite that they are putting into
CHARLES ARMSTRONG, COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY; Well, this has not been the case in the past. North Korea has claimed to have launched a satellite but they
have yet to actually successfully do so if that in fact has been their intention.
But the point is that the sanctions against North Korea specifically forbid the launching of rockets of this type, whether it's in fact a peaceful
satellite or not.
So, this is clearly a defiance of international sanctions and something that the U.S. and much of the rest of the world see as a very dangerous
ANDERSON: All right. Well, we're awaiting for a response from this emergency security council meeting.
The UN recently passed sanctions on North Korea, of course, after last month's nuclear test. Prior to that, journalist Lidia Tomque (ph) wrote in
the International Business Times, and I quote, "that the U.S., UK, France, Russia and China have themselves gone against resolutions in the past,
calling into question their effectiveness in deterring nations from pursuing weapons and security aims.
That's the problem, isn't it, sir? Is Pyongyang going to care about about any United Nations response at this piont?
ARMSTRONG: Well clearly, there are sanctions have not worked so far. There have been sanctions in place against North Korea for ten years or
more. And North Korea has continued to have, in that time, three nuclear tests. They've had two rocket launches of this nature.
And not only is it the case that sanctions in general are very rarely effective, but in this particular case, whether China will actually
seriously enforce these questions, these sanctions is very much in question. So, it doesn't seem that sanctions really are the answer,
despite the call, which may be understandable on the part of U.S. for stricter and more directly enforced sanctions.
ANDERSON: So, what would the answer be, sir?
ARMSTRONG: Well, what seems to have worked, for example in the case of Iran is a combination of sanctions with some sort of negotiated solution as
an end game.
So, sanctions by themselves, may have some limited effect, at least symbolically. But I think what may be possibly effective is some kind of a
call to diplomacy to see if there is a way in which North Korea can be convinced to curtail this program, for certain incentives down the road.
This is China's position. China has been clearly very frustrated. But they have consistently
called for talks between North Korea and the U.S. and other parties involved to see what they want.
ANDERSON: Charles, what do you then make of China's response, their statement overnight, quote, regret. We often describe China and North
Korea as key allies. Is that still the case?
ARMSTRONG: Well, allies may be too strong a word. China has certainly been North Korea's supporter and has been the most reluctant to really push
hard on North Korea for these sorts of actions.
But China does want to maintain North Korea's ties. And to maintain a viable regime on its border and sees this as a real problem, not just
because of what North Korea's done, but because of the potential effect for increasing the U.S. military presence in South Korea,
for example, setting up new and ballistic missile defenses, which -- in South Korea, which China can see as provocation.
So, this could have all sorts of ramifications for U.S.-China relations, which China wants to avoid having any problems with.
[11:30:08] ANDERSON: How would the launch of a ballistic missile alter the strategic balance of power in the region?
ARMSTRONG: Well, there are a number of things we don't know yet. Launching of this ballistic missile, if we want to call it that, by itself
may not change the equation very much. But we don't know very much if North Korea has the capacity to put a miniaturized nuclear weapon on a
rocket. That would certainly change the equation.
And if they were able to successfully launch an intercontinental ballistic missile that would
make the security situation very different.
ANDERSON: We're looking at pictures of the leader. And I just wonder what your response will be to the following question. Just how desperate is Kim
domestically? Are we in any way looking at this stage at the beginning of the end of this regime? And if we were, where would China stand to that
ARMSTRONG: Well, we can look at it as desperation. We can also look at another step of Kim Jong-un consolidating his power and demonstrating his
strength leading up to the seventh party congress scheduled in May.
So, I think this is actually not a sign of desperation, but a sign of Kim Jong-un continuing to amass power and demonstrate what a tough leader he is
to his own people.
But even if this were a sign that North Korea is going to be unstable, it seems to me that that's something that China really wants to avoid, that
China wants to maintain the regime. It wants to push Kim Jong-un to be less provocative. But it does not want instability. And it certainly
doesn't want a violent collapse of the regime on its border.
ANDERSON: Charles Armstrong out of New York for you this evening. Sir, we very much appreciate your analysis. Thank you very much indeed for joining
us here on Connect the World with me, Becky Anderson live out of Abu Dhabi for you this evening.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The most important part the kit, the box guard.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
ANDERSON: Find out why one of our cameramen was thankful for that box guard as he faced one of cricket's greatest ever bowlers.
Plus, Hong Kong's digitized immigration process has received praise from around the world. But it wasn't working for one small segment of the
population, that is until now. Find out why after this.
ANDERSON: You're watching CNN. This is Connect the World. I'm Becky Anderson. Welcome back.
Quarter to 9:00 in the evening on a relatively balmy evening here in the UAE.
In this week's Digital State, Hong Kong is setting an example for the world again after being the first to digitize and streamline its immigration
process in 2004, a new innovation has the potential to make life easier for people who are blind. Andrew Stevens has more.
ANDREW STEVENS, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: 12 seconds: that's the amount of time it takes for Hong Kong's citizens to clear immigration at
many border checkpionts.
And it's a feat they accomplished more than a decade ago.
PHILIP LEUNG, PRINCIPAL IMMIGRATION OFFICER: The first e-channel introduced in Hong Kong is in 2004. At that period of time only the Hong
Kong is the first region in the world to introduce an e-channel surface.
STEVENS: Yet, despite being a pioneer in the field, Hong Kong's e-channels have so far been inaccessible to one segment of the population: the
Around 2.4 percent of the population of Hong Kong is visually impaired, feeling their way around an explosion of narrow streets, crowds, sounds and
smells and marginalized from opportunities to work, learn and travel.
CHONG CHAN YAU, PRESIDENT, HON KONG BLIND UNION: Blind people who want to be traveling as independently as other people.
STEVENS: Previously, the blind had to either cross the immigration e- channel with assistance over via the traditional counters, which heightened the sense of alienation.
YAU: The Blind Union made a suggestion to the immigration department in 2011 to make all audible signals available for blind travelers. It hoped
another year or so for the device to be installed and operational.
STEVENS: The design of the new channel was in fact spearheaded by the Blind Union, complete with tactile guided paths.
YAU: It guides a person through the process of where to put in the identity card. The opening of the door. Where to put the finger for
fingerprint checking. And then the final opening of the door.
So, every spot in the way is guided by a voice signal.
STEVENS: So far, there's only been three such channels installed at borders with China and Macao Plans to roll out the scheme at other ports,
including the airport, are currently being reviewed.
But the innovative scheme has already been embraced by visually impaired travelers and has inspired other governments, too.
YAU: Apparently this is a world example. We have received an inquiry from the European Union to study the practice here in Hong Kong.
STEVENS: Andrew Stevens, CNN, Hong Kong.
ANDERSON: All right, Live from Abu Dhabi, this isConnect the World. Coming up, one of the cameramen got a chance of a lifetime to go head-to-
head with the master of spin bowling. Stay tuned for what are some very interesting results.
[11:50:06] ANDERSON: You're with CNN. This is Connect the World with me Becky
Anderson. Welcome back.
Just before 10 to 9:00.
It is Super Bowl Sunday in the United States. We're in the UAE, of course.
The annual championship game for the National Football League, that has taken on holiday status. Here is a look at the numbers for you. 114
million, that is how many people in the U.S. watched the game on TV last year, making it the most watched telecast of all-time.
$5 million, that's the cost of a 30-second TV commercial for this year's game, if you've got it. It's a record,
$4.2 billion is how much money is expected to bet on the game, most of it illegally, according
to the American Gambling Association.
$102,000 will be paid to players on the winning team. Losers get 51 grand each.
And nearly $5,000 that is the average cost of a ticket to see Super Bowl 50 in person, making
it the most expensive sporting event in U.S. history.
Well, big brands clearly looking to capitalize on all that money that they are spending on Super Bowl commercials. Part of the excitement over the
event isn't just the game itself, but what happens during the break.
CNN's Brian Stelter takes a look at the business behind those ads.
BRIAN STELTER, CNN SENIOR MEDIA CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Super Bowl ads cost a record-breaking $5 million this year. And for the first time ever,
the same ads will be streamed online.
So, is it really worth the price?
Food and beverage giant PepsiCo says it`s a no-brainer.
SETH KAUFMAN, CMO, PEPSI: The investment around this platform of Super Bowl is a big platform that for fans of the NFL is not just about that
Sunday. All the analyses that we do, it`s worth the money that we`re putting against it because we`re getting great payback across our business.
RAM KRISHNAN, CMO, FRITO-LAY: We`ll have 75,000 displays in every one of our retailers across the country. Two weeks leading up to the Super Bowl is
the biggest purchase on stock and beverages. So, for sure, if you look at the entirety of it, it definitely pays off.
STELTER (on camera): How safety you have to play it for these ads? Did you worry about offending one of the 100 million people that are watching?
KRISHNAN: Well, especially in a brand like Doritos, which is targeted to 19-year-old consumer, we`re also going to get creative. Is it going to
STELTER (voice-over): A common theme in Doritos Super Bowl ads -- animals and babies.
KRISHNAN: I think five years, we finished as the number one top. It`s sense of humor. You know, you got to entertain. I think as a brand, you got to
entertain the consumers and obviously kids and animals tend to do that.
STELTER: Pepsi on other hand has focused on celebrities in the past, from Michael J. Fox and Cindy Crawford in the `80s and `90s, to Britney Spears
and even Elton John in more recent years.
ELTON JOHN: Pepsi for you.
STELTER (on camera): How do you all decide it`s worth having a celebrity in ads? Some years, there are celebrities front and center in a lot of Super
Bowl ads. Other years, maybe not so much. What`s the calculation about that?
KRISHNAN: We used to hire celebrities as spokesperson. No longer the case. Now, we want to understand what`s their narrative and what`s the value
they`re adding to the brand story. So, it`s very different from how we traditionally used celebrities in the past.
STELTER (voice-over): As for what you can expect this year, you`ll have to wait until Super Bowl Sunday.
ANDERSON: Well, let's get to Santa Clara, California, where the big game will go down just hours from now. CNN's Andy Scholes is there.
And for those not watching in the United States, what's the big deal? And what's the atmosphere there like for the 50th anniversary event, sir?
ANDY SCHOLES, CNN SPORTS CORRESPONDENT: You know what, Becky, this is the biggest sporting event in the United States every year. As you said
earlier, 114 million people tuned into this last year. It was the most watched program on TV in the history of the United States, 160 million
people watched it worldwide. They're expecting that to be an even bigger number this year with it being Super Bowl 50.
You know, the game is broadcast in180 different countries in 25 different languages.
And there's a great story line for this year's game. For the Denver Broncos you've got their legendary quarterback, Pyton Manning. He's 39 years old,
the oldest quarterback to ever play in a game. And speculation is, that hey, this is going to be his final game and what a great way it would be to
end a legendary career like his to go out on top.
Then for the other team, you've got -- on the Carolina Panthers, their quarterback, Cam Newton, 26 years old, rising star. He was the most
valuable player in the league this year.
So, the quarterback matchup, the big story line. And hey, it's a beautiful day here, Becky. The sun is shining. It's expected to be 70 degrees there
at kickoff. It's just going to be an awesome day hopefully for Super Bowl 50.
ANDERSON: Amazing. You talked about the international viewership is huge as well, some 150 million people.
For those who might be watching for the first time, what should they watch out for, sir?
SCHOLES: Well, as I said, those two quarterbacks is going to be a great story line.
And you know if you're not really into American football, there's so many other things you can watch for. The halftime show is going to be great.
British rock band Coldplay is the head liner and then you've got pop star Beyonce also going to sing a song or two. So, you've got the halftime
show, a football great game, and there's so many other things to watch in the Super Bowl, including those great commercials.
[11:55:15] ANDERSON: Good stuff. All right. Thank you, sir.
Andy Scholes for you ahead of the game.
Well, some special Parting Shots for you this Sunday. Have a look at this.
This is a live shot of the Connect the World control room here in the UAE. Our cameraman Jude (ph) there, he's waving. Usually busy working on the
show as he is tonight. But he recently got the chance of a lifetime to play cricket with one of his idols. Have a look at this.
JUDE OOMMEN, CNN CAMERAMAN: there's no grass in the pick at all.
For a fan like me, cricket is more than just a game.
I could say it's a religion, but that would be a cliche. I'm a CNN cameraman, and when I
heard there's a chance to play the greatest bowler ever, I had to grab it.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Good to see you.
OOMMEN: Yeah, that's a bonus.
Sri Lanka's Muktiya Muriadaran (ph) has amassed 800 test wickets 534 in the one day game in a career that's spanned 18 years.
Padding up to face-off.
And then there was me. Love for the game is all I can boast of.
The most important part of kit, it's the box guard, because it protects the box.
Now, it wasn't just the numbers that troubled me. It was this -- just take a look at those eyes.
Very nervous, very nervous. The heart's beating really fast. Ooh. Okay. Ooh. Box guard really helped.
Bat the ball -- that was great.
Now, that the hard part's over, time for a check.
We used to watch -- this ball he's going to get a wicket. What is it that you do with your eyes that becomes so large?
MUTTIAH MURALITHARAN, FRM. SRI LANKAN CRICKETER: Just concentration on the batsman what to do, so you concentrate a lot on the batsman when you're
bowling. So that means many expressions comes out of that.
OOMMANN: Thanks very much.
Can I get you quickly to sign the bat. And then we can close out this.
Well, the good news is I survived my moment of glory. But one thing's for sure, for me, life lies behind the camera.
Jude Oommann, CNN.
I'm Becky Anderson. That was Connect the World from the team here, including Jude, it is a very good evening. Thanks for watching for the
headlines for you after this short break.