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WORLD RIGHT NOW WITH HALA GORANI
Iraqi Offensive To Retake Falluja Intensifies; No Holiday For U.S. Democratic Candidates; Trump Rallies Veterans Amid Campaign Challenges; Kidnapped Footballer Rescued In Mexico; Zoo Director: Barrier Met All Safety Protocols; European Union Working To Boost Its Public Image; Fight for Fallujah; Hundred of Migrants Dead; Gorilla Death Backlash; Clinton On Memorial Day; Threat Looms Over Libyan Refineries; Libertarian Nominee Takes on Donald Trump; Victim in Shocking Alleged Gang Rape Speaks; Tracking and Cracking Smartphone Hacks. Aired 3-4p ET
Aired May 30, 2016 - 15:00 ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
HALA GORANI, CNN INTERNATIONAL ANCHOR: Hello, everyone. I'm Hala Gorani. We're live at CNN London, and this is THE WORLD RIGHT NOW.
Well, it is a battle that the Iraqi army must win, but at what human cost? Concerns are growing that the city of Falluja could become a death trap for
civilians, 50,000 of them, the U.N. says, as the fight against ISIS intensifies.
Take a look at some of this latest video.
GORANI: Well, you can hear the music and you can see some of the images. This released by the Iraq Defense Ministry. They want it to look as though
the Iraqi Security Forces are making gains, but are they and can they?
Soldiers and allied militiamen are now on the southern edge of Falluja advancing with the help of American air power. You are looking, as I
mentioned, at that newly released video by the government.
Only a few hundred families managed to escape ahead of the offensive to recapture Falluja and there are real fears that ISIS could use the
remaining civilian population as human shields once street-to-street combat begins.
We're covering this critical battle for you in depth tonight. We're joined by Peter Mansour, a retired colonel in the U.S. Army. He served as General
David Petraeus's executive officer in Iraq.
And also joining us is CNN senior international correspondent, Fred Pleitgen. Colonel Mansour, let's start with you. Can the Iraqi Security
Forces do it this time?
COLONEL PETER MANSOUR, U.S. ARMY (RETIRED): I think they can, given enough air support by the United States. They have plenty of troops surrounding
Fallujah and maybe up to 1,000 fighters inside the city.
But it's going to be a bloody battle and it's going to cause a lot of damage. And there will be plenty of civilian casualties given that ISIS
won't let them leave the city.
GORANI: All right, sorry, I couldn't hear you there for the first few seconds. I can now. Fred Pleitgen, let's talk a little bit about this
now. Shia militia are talking about this. Let's talk about this sectarian implications of this because this is just not the Iraqi government. They
are assisted by Iran-backed Shia militia in the Sunni heartland of Iraq.
FREDERIK PLEITGEN, CNN SENIOR INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: That's going to be a real problem. Right now the people of Falluja, who are very
distrustful of the Iraqi central government anyway, and obviously suffered also a great deal under Nuri Al Maliki and thought they were marginalize
inside Iraq are now seeing Iranian-backed Shiite militias at their doorstep trying to enter the city.
So certainly these people are suffering under ISIS, but at the same time they are not really sure the liberating force will be better.
GORANI: You have Major Quds force commanders visiting --
PLEITGEN: (Inaudible) apparently seen at the gates of Falluja. That's certainly something that is going to put a lot of into these people and
it's absolutely true. I mean, there's around about 50,000 civilians trapped inside Falluja, being used as human shields on one hand by ISIS.
But at the same time afraid of their liberators and that raises the question is once the Iraqi army and possibly also the Shia militias get in
there, are they essentially going to be on hostile ground or are they going to have the backing of the population?
GORANI: I think it's undeniable that you'll have a big issue, Peter Mansour, aren't you, in the Sunni heartland of Iraq. You have the Iraqi
Security Forces backed by the Shia militias. Do you think the Sunnis there are going to welcome them with open arms?
MANSOUR: Oh, no and this will be a huge issue. That's why the head Shiite cleric in Iraq made the unprecedented step the other day of calling on
Iraqi forces to abide by the standards of Jihad by which he meant not killing innocent women and children and old people and so forth.
So I know the Iraqis are worried what could happen once the Shiite militias get into Falluja and the civilians are in the crossfire.
[15:05:07]ISIS won't let them leave. They have nowhere to go and they will be on the front lines of the combat zone.
GORANI: They are between a rock and a hard place, to say the least, these poor civilians in Falluja that have suffered so much, but this must tell
you as you know in your extensive experience in Iraq, Colonel Mansour, that the only solution is a long-term political one so long as this has seen
through a sectarian prism, it can only be a temporary solution for Falluja.
MANSOUR: That's absolutely correct. You can take back Iraq city by city, but you'll lose it again city by city eventually unless there's some sort
of overarching political deal that brings the Sunnis back into the system.
As happened after the surge, but, unfortunately, it was only a temporary period and then Nuri al-Maliki's re-election brought that to a close.
GORANI: Fred Pleitgen, these are American air strikes as well. They are being used to support the operation. How crucial are they?
PLEITGEN: Well, I think they are absolutely crucial. I don't think that the Iraqi army or its allied forces would have been able to even advance
this far if they wouldn't have had considerable American air support and very probably also some American ground support in the form of spotters and
advisers as well.
That obviously make these air strikes all the more lethal when they do happen, but I think American air power has been absolutely crucial, not
just there, but also in other battlefields against ISIS as well. So that's absolutely crucial.
GORANI: All right, our senior international correspondent, Fred Pleitgen and Colonel Mansour as well in Columbus, Ohio, thanks to both of you for
Staying in the Middle East and that part of the world, there is a new photo of a Japanese journalist, who went missing in Syria along with some
troubling new messages.
CNN can't confirm when the picture was taken or where, but it does appear to show (inaudible) Yasuda (ph) holding a sign, which reads please help me,
and this is the last chance in Japanese.
The government of Japan believes the photo is indeed authentic. He was last seen in a hostage-style video released in March. Al Nusra Front is
active in the area where he went missing, although, ISIS is the dominant force so it's unclear exactly what group is holding him.
Well, it's a holiday in the United States, but the Democratic presidential candidates are not taking this day off. Hillary Clinton and her husband,
Bill, marched in a Memorial Day parade in their hometown in New York.
Clinton's rival Bernie Sanders is keeping up the heat. He has two events in California later today. Democrats in America's most populace state vote
in their primary a week from Tuesday.
One California poll indicates the race is very close. Now, this is why this is a giant prize, a whopping 475 Democratic delegates are up for grabs
in the California primary.
Let's cross to CNN's Sunlen Serfaty live in Washington. I was telling our viewers there how close it is. This race in California, and obviously
Hillary Clinton, mathematically is the presumptive nominee in terms of how many delegates she already has, but it still must be uncomfortable for her
to be so close in the polls with Bernie Sanders in California?
SUNLEN SERFATY, CNN CORRESPONENT: You're absolutely right, Hala, and I think that these latest polls coming out of California were probably a
surprise to the Clinton team as well. There hadn't been some polling in quite a time.
But the latest polls out just in the last week show that Bernie Sanders is within two percentage points of Hillary Clinton. That's within the margin
of error of one of these polls.
So I think a little indication that this might be too close for comfort, the Clinton campaign announcing today that Hillary Clinton will now spend a
significant portion of this upcoming week campaigning in California.
They have just announced today a multi-stop tour from Thursday to Monday leading into Tuesday -- next Tuesday's primary there, and I think that
indicates two factors.
One is that they know they will have to invest more time and effort into California and, two, you know, compared to what Bernie Sanders is doing
he's been spending nearly the last two weeks in California.
He's called the state his whole enchilada. He has putting all he has nearly camping out into the state so I think this is certainly in response
to his larger than expected challenge in California in these final days.
Of course, that's so important for momentum going forward. Bernie Sanders looking to pick up a win there to really validate his argument that he can
keep going past the last primary -- Hala.
GORANI: And what does -- what is Bernie Sanders trying to achieve here longer term?
SERFATY: Well, he has made no bones of his intention to take this fight all the way to the convention. What will be interesting to see is, one,
how he does in California and then, two, what he does going forward, because are you going to be shifting away from him going out and calling on
voters for their vote.
And he's made -- he's already said his intention is to push forward? He called it a three-point path to victory, about flipping super delegates.
He wants to get as close as he can with pledged delegates.
[15:10:03]So he's going to enter the coercion phase pretty soon where he is trying to convince super delegates to switch their vote from Hillary
Clinton to Bernie Sanders. That's, of course, a very tall order.
He has called a very uphill climb, but he has made it his intention to go forward. We'll see if he sticks to that after June 7th -- Hala.
GORANI: All right. Sunlen Serfaty, thanks very much.
Now on the Republican side, the nominee, Donald Trump, was hard at work this holiday weekend. He addressed a major veterans rally in Washington.
Now, he's still fending off challengers though from both inside and outside his own party. Here's CNN's Sara Murray with that.
DONALD TRUMP (R), PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: We're going to rebuild our military, and we're going to take care of our veterans!
SARA MURRAY, CNN POLITICAL REPORTER (voice-over): Donald Trump making the case to veterans at the annual Rolling Thunder Motorcycle rally, a tribute
to the Armed Forces.
TRUMP: Illegal immigrants are taken much care, really much better care by this country than our veterans, and that's not going to happen.
MURRAY: Trump insisting the undocumented immigrants he plans to deport are treated better than veterans and after months of scrutiny also promising to
explain where the $6 million he says he raised for veterans charities went.
TRUMP: We're announcing on Tuesday all of the groups that we put up this money and we raised this tremendous amount of money because we love the
MURRAY: This as the presumptive nominee is battling new efforts to derail his presidential campaign. "Weekly Standard" editor, Bill Kristol, teasing
a possible independent opponent in a continued effort to stop Trump.
Tweeting, "There will be an independent candidate, an impressive one with a strong team and a real chance." Trump unleashing his anger in a series of
tweets calling Kristol a dummy and an embarrassed loser warning the Republican Party to unify behind him if it wants to win in November.
COREY LEWANDOWSKI, TRUMP CAMPAIGN MANAGER: A third-party run by any candidate is a complete disaster and you're handing over the White House to
MURRAY: The Libertarian Party also locking down their ticket, selecting two former Republican governors, New Mexico's Gary Johnson and
Massachusetts Bill Weld, to challenge both party's candidates especially Trump.
GARY JOHNSON, LIBERTARIAN PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: Taking him on when he says that Mexican are murderers and rapists. I mean, it's incendiary, and
call him out on what is really racist. It's just racist!
MURRAY: But for now the Trump campaign is staying laser focused on the Clintons.
PAUL MANAFORT, TRUMP CAMPAIGN CHAIRMAN AND CHIEF STRATEGIST: Trouble follows the Clintons everywhere and people are frustrated with all of the
drama around the Clinton family if they are going to be back in the political milieu, then their history is relevant to what the American
people can expect.
MURRAY: Now that Rolling Thunder event was an interesting venue for Donald Trump, it's really an event that designed to honor military members who
were taken as prisoners of war or who are missing in action, and this is really an area where Donald Trump has stirred up controversy.
Last year, he questioned whether John McCain is actually a war hero. Of course, McCain was a POW and Trump said he prefers people who weren't
captured. In spite of all that, he still got a very warm reception over the weekend here in Washington. Sara Murray, CNN, Washington.
GORANI: A lot more after the break. The latest on the rescue of a football player kidnapped in his hometown in Mexico. A live report on this
dramatic story coming up.
And in Japan, a small boy is missing in woods populated by bears. Why? His parents left him there.
GORANI: This is the video that has gone viral. A terrifying situation involving a gorilla and a little boy. The gorilla was shot dead and now
people are blaming the parents of the boy and saying why did you do it to the zoo in Cincinnati? We'll have that as well coming up.
GORANI: Of course, it's one of the most dangerous journeys you can take. However, despite that desperation leads thousands of migrants to try it.
Many do not make it.
These latest numbers are staggering even by the standards of the migrant crisis that we've gotten so used to. As many as 700 may have died in just
the past week trying to cross the Mediterranean Sea.
Many of them came from three boats that capsized. It could have even been worse, believe it or not. Last week, we showed you these dramatic
pictures. Now, many of these migrants were saved. The Italian Navy says about 14,000 people in the past week have been rescued from the sea.
Now, meanwhile, further north in the English Channel two Britons have been arrested and charged with people smuggling after an inflatable boat
carrying 18 Albanians started to sink off the coast of (inaudible). Two children were among those rescued and the two men who were operating this
boat are now in custody.
To Mexico now and that dramatic, it sounds like a made-for-movie script. A star football player kidnapped in Mexico during the weekend has been
rescued. Officials say Alan Pulido and his girlfriend were abducted Saturday night after they left a party in northern Mexico.
Pulido is a Mexican national, but he plays for the Greek football club, Olympiakos. Local and federal law enforcement officers rescued the couple.
Pulido is currently getting a medical evaluation.
Let's get to a CNN En Espanol correspondent, Maria Santana. She joins me from New York. First, talk to me about the abduction and the rescue. What
are we hearing from police about how this all went down?
MARIA SANTANA, CNN EN ESPANOL CORRESPONDENT: Police say that they are continuing to investigate this incident, but they do say that the
international soccer star is lucky to be alive and well today.
Alan Pulido was taken as he was leaving a party with his girlfriend, this on Saturday night in his hometown of Ciudad Victoria in the state of
Tamaulipas, when according to Mexican authorities he was approached.
Their car was approached by about six trucks and he was taken forcibly from the car by six masks armed men while his girlfriend was also taken and she
was largely unharmed.
Now, incredibly enough, Hala, it does sound like a TV movie script, because according to the attorney general in a news conference today he said Pulido
he was found basically because he himself was able to make a phone call to authorities and tell them exactly where he was being held.
This according to the attorney general while his abductors were distracted during a slipup by his takers, and one of them was arrested during a rescue
operation which included state and federal officials.
It was carried out in the state of Tamaulipas all around Mexico and even extended into some U.S. territories, the search for Alan Pulido.
Now moments after his release he appeared visibly shaken on a video taken by Twitter. He had a bandage around his right arm, and he was standing
next to the governor of Tamaulipas, Egidio Torre Cantu, who said that the most important thing is that he was found. Take a listen.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
EGIDIO TORRE CANTU, GOVERNOR OF TAMAULIPAS (through translator): Right now, we're going through the paperwork and procedures and later on we'll
let you know the details. The most important thing is that he is here and he is with us, and this is what we want to let you know.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
SANTANA: And Hala, Pulido who was a member of the Mexican national team in the 2014 Olympics, and he has played for the Mexican national team on
several occasions is not believed to have suffered any major injuries.
We talked about his arm being bandaged. We don't know the extent of his injuries at this point, but he has been offered a medical evaluation.
He's also spoken to policemen and interrogated police and have identified several of his kidnappers, this according to the attorney general. They
are searching for them at this point -- Hala.
GORANI: Well, doesn't sound like the most professional operation if Pulido, first of all, they allowed him to keep his phone presumably.
[15:20:10]He made the phone call it appears and got law enforcement to free him. I mean, do we know what the motive was? It sounds really like some
sort of amateurish group of criminals here?
SANTANA: Well, at this point there's no clear motive. We've not gotten that from police or whether there was a ransom that was given or asked for
in this case, but it does continue to shine a light on the increasing violence in Mexico and especially in Tamaulipas.
The state of Tamaulipas is considered one of the most places in Mexico. Hundreds of kidnappings are reported every year there. Last year, Mexican
authorities were prompted to deploy more security forces to Tamaulipas to tackle rival drug gangs, which were operating in the area.
But thousands of abductions are reported in Mexico, although some activists say that some of them are underreported and that the number could be much,
much higher than what the government officials report -- Hala.
GORANI: All right. Maria Santana, thanks very much in New York.
In Japan, there are major concerns for a young boy who is alone on a mountain. He hasn't been found since his parents actually left him there
alone intentionally, apparently to punish him. Kristie Lu Stout has that story.
KRISTIE LU STOUT, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): On the ground, in the air, more than 150 people are searching for Yamato Tanooka,
the 7-year-old boy when went missing on Saturday afternoon. His parents called the police after according to authorities an attempt to discipline
their son went horribly wrong.
Police say the family had gone on a day trip to pick wild vegetables, but Yamato's parents said he misbehaved by throwing stones at passing cars and
On the way home, police say Yamato's parents decided to leave him alone for a short time in the mountains as a way to punish him for being unruly. But
when they went back to get him he was nowhere in sight.
Two hours later, the parents called police. His father suggesting an interview with local TV that they hesitated to report the boy missing
because of the circumstances surrounding his disappearance.
More than two days later the search is still on and concern increases. Temperatures in this part of Japan dip into the single digits at night and
the area is known to be home to wild bears. Kristie Lu Stout, CNN.
GORANI: You may have seen this video. There's escalating anger, by the way, over it and the killing of a gorilla at the Cincinnati Zoo. It
happened after a 3-year-old boy somehow managed to get into the animal's enclosure.
Here's what happened next, but let me first mention, in case you're wondering or seeing this for the first time the child in the video was not
seriously hurt, but take a look at what happened with the gorilla.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Mommy's right here.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: My gosh, oh, my gosh.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Just pulled him down.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: OK. Everybody back up. Quiet.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Mommy loves you. I'm right here.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
GORANI: You can imagine being the parents of this 3-year-old and how frightened the mom and the dad would have been. This happened at the
Cincinnati Zoo. Here's why people are angry because that gorilla you are seeing there was shot and killed with a rifle.
The zookeepers and zoo officials decided not to tranquilize this gorilla with a tranquilizer dart or what's used to neutralize these animals,
presumably because it takes up to 10 minutes for it to take effect and maybe at some point they felt like this is too dangerous for the child.
At a news conference just a few moments ago, the zoo's director says that the zoo was not negligent and that in fact the safety barriers met all
current protocols and said the zoo had to shoot the gorilla because they believed at that point the boy was in imminent danger.
The zoo says it's heartbroken about the death of the gorilla, Harambe. Listen to what they said just minutes ago.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
THANE MAYNARD, DIRECTOR, CINCINNATI ZOO: Obviously this is a very emotional time at the Cincinnati Zoo. It's unprecedented. We've never had
to kill a dangerous animal in the middle of an emergency situation. The zoo has been here for 143 years so that's saying a lot.
It is a big loss to the Cincinnati Zoo. Harambe was one of our most favorite animals and he's an endangered species. We are one of the key
players in gorilla captive breeding and conservation and so it's a big loss.
We had an all-employee meeting this morning, early in the morning, I've never seen more people here at 7:45 in the morning for a holiday, but it
showed that whether people were off today or not they came today because they really cared.
The purpose of that meeting was different than this. It was for people to have a chance to share their feelings. There were tears and hugs and the
people that knew Harambe the best, his keepers, shared a lot of stories about him.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
[15:25:12]GORANI: Well, there you have it. Those are zoo officials saying, look, the barriers were fine. They met the protocols. We had no
choice is what they are saying. They are saying that they believe that this 3-year-old boy was in imminent danger.
And, of course, they recognize as they probably know more than anyone just what a beautiful animal and endangered species this gorilla, this -- that
this gorilla represented at the Cincinnati Zoo.
Now our reporter is there at the zoo monitoring the rest of the official press conference, and we'll get in touch with her in just a bit.
A few weeks ago David Cameron, the prime minister here, was criticizing Labour's Sadiq Kahn in the midst of a brutal London mayoral campaign.
A few hours ago, they were sharing the stage together because they are both on the same side when it comes to the referendum. They want to urge
British voters to remain inside the European Union. Here's what Sadiq Kahn have to say.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
SADIQ KHAN, MAYOR OF LONDON: But, you know, the economic case is crystal clear. The evidence is compelling from the Treasury, IMF, Bank of England,
and from many others. Here in London, I see more than half a million jobs directly dependent on the European Union.
Some of the world's leading companies have their European headquarters here in London, and half of our exports go to the European Union. So the
positive case is huge. A vote for remain means jobs and opportunities.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
GORANI: Sadiq Kahn, the London mayor. Now Britain's decision on whether to stay in the European Union is less than a month away. June 23rd is that
big day. As that date approaches, the E.U. is working to address its image problem. Our Erin McLaughlin tells us how from the heart of Europe,
ERIN MCLAUGHLIN, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): This is Europe, the European parliament, that is, a performance meant to entertain and to
educate, one of many activities across the European capital.
(on camera): E.U. leaders say they realize they have an image problem. Many of their citizens simply don't know how the politics work so once a
year they open it up to the general public.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Now I think there is a huge distance between citizens and the various institutions.
MCLAUGHLIN: Do you understand how European politics works?
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Not really well.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: When people don't know how it works, they don't understand why it's important.
MCLAUGHLIN (voice-over): Officials say lack of understanding is a threat to the union's very existence. They are worried about the rise of euro
skeptic far right parties across the continent and, of course, the looming British referendum on E.U. membership.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Does Europe deserve its own superhero? I think so.
MCLAUGHLIN (on camera): Do you think that a lack of understanding of E.U. institutions is sort of that fuelling that debate in the U.K.?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Yes, absolutely. I think that there's a huge amount of ignorance about the European institutions, about what they do.
MCLAUGHLIN (on camera): This is the room where 28 heads of states or government meet to decide on critical issues from the economy and with a
U.K. referendum the question now will the U.K. give up its seat at this table. Erin McLaughlin, CNN, Brussels.
GORANI: And that is the question. We will know very, very soon and we'll be covering it.
Still to come, they have spent decades on the margins of politics in the U.S., but this year they believe conditions could be just right for a
third-party option. The Libertarians now have a nominee to take on the Democratic and Republican candidates for the White House.
Also ahead, protests have erupted in Rio over the alleged gang rape of a 16-year-old girl. Now she is speaking out about her horrifying ordeal.
We'll be right back.
[15:31:35]: GORANI: Welcome back. A look at our top stories. Heavy gunfire is reported on the outskirts of Fallujah as the Iraqi army is
closing in. Soldiers and allied militiamen are fighting to recapture the city from ISIS. Tens of thousands of civilians remain trapped in Fallujah.
And fears are growing that ISIS could use them as human shields.
Also among our top stories, at least 65 migrants are confirmed dead in just the past week alone after attempting to cross the Mediterranean. But
officials fear the death toll could rise to more than 700 because those are the deaths that are confirmed. 700 remain missing. The migrants were in
three boats that capsized as they headed from North Africa to Europe.
And a zoo in the United States is denying that it was negligence in its safety precautions after it had to kill a gorilla to protect the life of a
young boy. The child had somehow entered the gorilla's enclosure, was not seriously hurt in the encounter, but zookeepers say they needed to make a
quick decision to save the boy on imminent danger. That is some of the very dramatic video that has been circulating online. That has many people
talking as well. We'll look at that a bit later.
Now, despite the National Holiday in the United States, Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders are both very much working, very much out in force today.
Clinton and her husband, Bill, marched in a Memorial Day parade in their hometown in New York State. Bernie Sanders attended a similar event in
The driving force of Libya's economy is now in the crosshairs of ISIS. CNN witnessed firsthand how ISIS militants are threatening the country's
lucrative oil industry. They are fighting to take over key refineries. And that, of course, is to fund their operations. And as Nick Paton Walsh
reports, ISIS now has the Melita refinery in its sights. Take a look.
NICK PATON WALSH, CNN CORRESPONDENT: A distant spec from up here, but this is Libya's shimmering prize, oil worth billions. But part paralyzed by
government in fighting, and now most troublingly in ISIS crosshairs. This is the Melita refinery which pumps gas direct along the Mediterranean
seabed to Italy. It's upped its defenses but one
plant worker points out what he says is a militant stronghold in a hotel just down the coast.
The sea is pretty much open here. On this jetty, the graffiti says that God is great. But you don't want to just rely on Him.
NATO have expressed concerns that ISIS is trying to get its hands on boats to perhaps fashion some sort of crude pirate navy. And in a place like
this, so vital to Europe's energy, you can see how worrying that must be when you have this much shoreline to try to defend.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: But (INAUDIBLE) we have too many faces here, you know. Sometimes it comes from the sea. Otherwise maybe it comes from the land.
You don't know how is it -- how is it.
WALSH: ISIS have already hit some facilities in the East. The damage and oil fires caused visible from space in these NASA images. Their own
propaganda shows a wider scope of ambition. This attack on an installation in the eastern town of Ra's Lanuf. They want to control the industry and
its potential billions, yet have so far mostly disrupted production with some little panic in the US Presidential race.
DONALD TRUMP (R), PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: ISIS is making millions and millions of dollars a week. Selling Libya oil. And you know what? We
don't blockade, we don't bomb, we don't do anything about it.
WALSH: Trump is wrong. ISIS haven't made much money yet and don't control any oil fields. But their attacks are costly to what's left of the
crumbling Libyan State bringing close to the day ISIS could seize control of refineries and sell fuel on the black market.
What already is a thriving black market trade in Libya's oil, this boat's evidence of that. Tankers used to try and ship Libya's black gold. An
infrastructure here that ISIS could so easily used where they could get their hands on key refineries. Europe watching this slow collapse just
across the water. Nick Paton Walsh, CNN, Melita, Libya.
GORANI: Back now to the race for the White House. It's no secret that both Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton have high unfavorability ratings.
Some Americans say they would never vote for them, no matter what. For either of them. That dissatisfaction is exactly what the libertarian party
is hoping to capitalize on this year. It chose a presidential nominee to take on both parties at its national convention.
Over the weekend, former New Mexico governor Gary Johnson, says he's ready for the challenge, directing much of his fire at Donald Trump.
GARY JOHNSON, GOVERNOR: Taking him on on the fact that he wants to deport 11 million illegal immigrants, taking him on on wanting to build a fence
across the border, that's nuts. Taking him on when he says that Mexicans are murderers and rapists when in -- and it's in incendiary as a border
state governor. It's incendiary to 50% of the
population of New Mexico that he's talking about Hispanics-Mexicans, in this way when the absolute opposite is true. We call him out on what is
really racist. It's just racist!
GORANI: All right. Let's bring in CNN political analyst Josh Rogin. So, many of our international viewers perhaps, are not even familiar with the
Libertarian Party or were not aware that such a party existed and would contest presidential elections in the United States. Could this year,
because this is the year of surprises, could this year be the year where that party scores bigger than usual?
JOSH ROGIN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Oh, there -- as you mentioned, there sure is an opportunity for Gary Johnson and his running mate, former
Massachusetts Governor, William Weld to bring the Libertarian Party from the fringes of American politics and develop it in its goal of becoming a
major political party. But they have some major challenges ahead of them on the way to that goal.
Number one, there's -- they have a problem with getting fund-raising. And one of the
major efforts, Gary Johnson and William Weld will engage in in the coming weeks, is to convince dissatisfied republican donors, that they can be
competitive enough to warrant the investment. It would take amount of serious effort and a serious challenge to the major parties.
The second problem is that the more that -- and we saw this in the convention, the more that these nominees move towards the political
mainstream, the farther they go away from some in base who see any move to, sort of, mainstream the Libertarian Party as a dilution purity of their
Libertarian values. The main goal here, not to win the presidency but to simply get to the debated which will require Gary Johnson to get 15
GORANI: Well, yes. And also, I mean, just the fact that the two candidates, the Republican nominee, Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton who
mathematically we believe will become the nominee for the Democratic Party, have such high unfavorability ratings, would lead any challengers to
believe that this is the election they could make a dent.
Let me tell our viewers about this latest "Washington Post" ABC News poll - - ABC News poll. May 16th to 19th. Overall impression of Clinton and Trump among registered voters.
look at this, Josh, Clinton 57 percent unfavorable. Trump, 57 percent unfavorable. This is the battle of the unfavorables.
ROGIN: Well, that's right. And that's where the opening lies for somebody like Gary Johnson. The problem, of course, is that Gary Johnson hasn't
demonstrated a real ability to be competitive on the national stage. He ran in 2012, he got less than one percent of the vote. But there is also
an opening for what he's putting forth which is a socially liberal and fiscally conservative anti-war pro drug legalization agenda.
There are a lot of Americans who are sympathetic to that and we'll see if they get the money and support to really be a factor here as we get closer
GORANI: But, like, in past elections, have there been in recent memory two candidates who are so unpopular --
ROGIN: No, the --
GORANI: Because the number is unfavorable -- by the way, just so our viewers know, it's not just this one poll. There was another one that was
conducted between May 13th and 17th. Trump 55 percent unfavorable, Hillary Clinton, 52 percent unfavorable. Honest and
trustworthy, are Trump and Clinton honest and trustworthy in "New York Times" CBS News poll asked. No, 64 percent. Putting both of them in the
same bag. So, what does that tell us about the race this time?
ROGIN: It just tells us that each of these major candidates, Trump and Clinton, have a big challenge. For Clinton, it is honesty and
trustworthiness that is holding her back. That represents a problem for her. In building the enthusiasm, she's going to needs to get people out to
vote. For Donald Trump, the problem is that he's really alienating huge demographics that would need in key states especially in the southwest that
includes Latinos, that includes women, that includes some other groups that would be crucial in these battleground states.
So for Hillary Clinton the effort is to prove to voters that she can get past that narrative that she's dishonest and untrustworthy. For Donald
Trump, the effort is to broaden his base, to build infrastructure in these states and to capitalize on the huge
popularity that he has amongst his base and turn that into an actual voting public that will
come out and vote for him in November.\
GORANI: All right. Josh Rogin. It's always great having you on the program. Thanks very much.
GORANI: Have a great Memorial Day Holiday, although I can see you're working. So, good to see you. Still ahead, an alleged brutal gang rape in
Brazil involving a 16-year-old girl. Dozens of perpetrators and is posted on social media. Coming up, the victim speaks to CNN.
[15:44:01]GORANI: Well, back to the anger which is worldwide over the killing of a gorilla at a zoo in Cincinnati. It happened after a 3-year-
old boy somehow managed to get into the enclosure of the animal. And here's what happened next. But first, you must know that child was OK.
Not at all seriously hurt. But take a look at the video.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Mommy's right here.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Oh, my God. Oh, my Gosh.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Everybody just calm down. Calm down.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: OK. Everybody --OK. Everybody back up. (INAUDIBLE)
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: OK.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Mommy loves you. I'm right here.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
GORANI: Well, some are questioning the method used in killing the gorilla. A number of people turned up outside the zoo in the past few hours to hold
a memorial for Harambe. Jessica Schneider is at the zoo and she joins us now live. So, people are unhappy that the
gorilla was killed and not simply neutralized with a stun gun or one of those tranquilizer darts. What is the zoo saying about why they didn't use
another method here?
JESSICA SCHNEIDER, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Well, Hala, the zoo just held a press conference and they said that they made the right decision and they
would make the same decision today. So, they are standing by what they did. They stood by their decision on Saturday when this happened. And
today, Monday, they're still saying it was the right and the prudent thing to do. It was such an urgent situation.
Now, the zoo director, Thane Maynard, he just spoke and he described the gorilla, it's a
450-pound 17-year-old gorilla, named Harambe. He said that this is a dangerous animal. He said silver-backed gorillas can be dangerous. In
fact, he gave an anecdote saying how he had seen Harambe crush a coconut with his hands.
And at the time of the incident on Saturday when the 3-year-old boy got into the moat about 15 feet below the level where visitors were watching,
he said that the gorilla had gotten agitated and was disoriented. So, there was definitely a dangerous situation that the dangerous animal
response team had to move in quickly to correct.
Now there were ten tensed minutes where that 3-year-old was down in the moat where the gorilla was dragging him and throwing him around and at
times standing over him, watching him. The team moved in, they had to shoot and kill the gorilla after their attempts to lure him out of the
exhibit were unsuccessful. Because of that, there has been a lot of backlash. But the Zoo Director is, kind of, shunning those Monday morning
quarterbacks saying the zoo made the right decision.
A lot of people out here, they actually do say they understand the zoo's decision. They are saddened by it and right now, the focus is shifting to
the parents. There's an online petition calling for criminal charges against the parents. People, more than 100,000 people, have signed it --
signed it. And they say that they do want to see those parents in a sense, punished. Hala?
GORANI: Interesting. And we see that there's also a memorial, as we were mentioning to our viewers held outside the zoo. But why not use a
tranquilizer dart? Why was that not an option that the Cincinnati decided to use?
SCHNIEDER: So, they talked about it. And they thought about doing that. But there were two reasons why they didn't. They said that the
tranquilizer drugs just take too long and they didn't have that kind of time. And there's also the danger that if you shoot the gorilla with the
tranquilizer gun, that the gorilla will get even more agitated and aggressive so there were risks. That child had already been in there ten
minutes and they didn't have any more time to spare.
GORANI: All right. Jessica Schneider at the Cincinnati zoo. Thanks very much. As I was mentioning to our viewers, truly a story that's gone viral
all around the world. And everybody has an opinion about whether or not they did the right thing, whether they should have shot to kill the gorilla
or that they should have, in fact, tranquilized the gorilla and let it go on longer. Everyone has an opinion. But this animal, an endangered
species was killed. The child thankfully safe and reunited with his parents.
Now to something entirely different. We're taking you to Brazil. A victim is finding the courage to speak out after a shocking alleged gang rape in
that country which is actually posted online. She's only 16 years old. The perpetrators, and this is difficult to stomach, as many as 30 men and
boys. Thirty. We're hearing her describe the horror of what happened for the first time. Listen.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
TRANSLATOR: I fell asleep and woke up in a completely different place with a man under me, one on top of me and two holding me down on my hands. Many
people laughing at me and I was drugged out of it. Many people with guns, boys laughing and talking.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
GORANI: Well, the attack shocked Brazil so much that nationwide protests took place. Police have identified six suspects involved in the incident,
and the girl's boyfriend is believed to be among them.
New raids were launched today in the Rio Favela where the alleged attack took place. But police have yet to arrest a single person.
Let's bring in CNN's Shasta Darlington live in Rio for us at this hour. All right. So, talk to us a little bit about the investigation. Have they
identified suspects? Where are the arrests?
SHASTA DARLINGTON, CNN CORRESPONDENT: That's right, Hala. You know, they're coming slowly. They're really only letting the information trickle
out slowly on the one hand to make sure they've got it right. And so that they can try and locate these people. This all took place in a Favela in
Western Rio. And they're still trying to locate a lot of these guys. And they've often -- and many of these cases, only have their IP address or
their voice that they heard on the video and this is a crime that has really shocked the country used to a pretty high level of violence. And as
you mentioned it's prompted outlash on social media, street protest. Now, even the victim herself is speaking out and she says she has very little
hope that justice will be done.
TRANSLATOR: If I have to wait for the justice system, they have already shown me that nothing is going to happen. I am waiting for the justice of
God. It might be late but it never fails.
DARLINGTON: Now, this all started last week when the 38-second video surfaced. It shows, unfortunately, the victim naked, unconscious and you
can hear these voices bragging about how more than 30 men had sexual intercourse with her. There were protests in numerous cities in Brazil
over the weekend right here in Rio de Janiero. A city that's going to be receiving hundreds of thousands of visitors for the Olympic Games in just
two months time.
Protesters took to the beach, they hung up laundry lines with bread, painted clothes and undergarments. In Brasilia, there were hundreds of
women carrying flowers who are actually held back with pepper spray when they tried to storm part of the Supreme Court. And we've heard from
politicians from the Interim President on down urging police to locate the suspects and do something about this. Obviously also, to try and quell
those protests while the whole world is watching. Hala?
GORANI: All right. So there's this story which is shocking and I understand, even when that video was posted, there were misogynistic and
sexist comments essentially in favor of the perpetrators. The alleged perpetrators more than the victim. But then, there are other issues with
overall violence in parts of Brazil. I mean, this again, a few months, a few weeks, we should before the Olympic Games, other big international
events. How much of an issue is this going to be on top of everything else?
DARLINGTON: Hala, I think at this point, it's really getting a lot of response from women's groups and from human rights groups. They aren't
tying it to the Olympics. This is being viewed as a global problem, a Brazilian problem. Unfortunately, violence against women, gang rapes,
these are not isolated to Brazil.
The problem is, of course, that with this big sporting event coming up, people really are looking at how these different social problems are
affecting a city that will be receiving so many visitors.
Authorities insist, you know, this city is going to be fully secure. They're going to have 85,000 police and troops on hand to make sure that
athletes, visitors, their families, officials, everyone is safe. And we do expect that to happen. This city will be on lockdown. The problem, of
course, what's going on when the games are over. Things will go back to normal and a lot needs to be done to make it a safer country. And I think
this is true around the world for women where they can comfortably speak out about these kinds of crimes. Hala?
GORANI: Well, that poor victim, the victim of that alleged rape, says she doesn't think anything will come of it. We hope that there is justice
served in this case. Shasta Darlington, thanks very much. We really appreciate it. Quick break. We'll be right back.
GORANI: Well, when it comes to computers, the threat from hackers is nothing new. But just how vulnerable is your smartphone? And is really
fiber security company works with tech giants to spot weaknesses in the defenses? And if you are curious how easy it is for someone to hack your
phone, take a look at this package by Oren Liebermann
OREN LIEBERMANN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: I've come to the headquarters of checkpoint, one of the world's leading cyber security firms to learn about
mobile security. And if my cell phone hasn't been hacked already, it's about to be.
So, you just send me this text message, "New carrier settings. Update is available. Click to install." That's it. You only click on this link?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Yes.
LIEBERMANN: Cyber expert, (Michael CHERLOFF) leads me through a series of mobile hacks. The first is a common phishing attack. I get a number with
a text from a number with my area code, I click the link. And that's it. It's installed. Now they see everything on my phone.
MICHAEL CHERLOFF, CYBER EXPERT: I'm seeing the CNN's website. I see the "Just typed in CNN."
LIEBERMAN: They see access to what I'm typing, my emails, my Cloud storage. And that's it. It immediately picks up that I've typed in my e-
mail address and the fake password that I've typed in.
But who's careless enough to click on a link in a random message? The next tack is one checkpoint discovered and report it to Apple. It targets work
networks on Apple's operating systems. The message looks professional and it looks like it's coming from the employer.
CHERLOFF: So on the device, from this point on, you don't see anything. But from this point on, we have a pretty much full control of the device.
LIEBERMAN: Cherloff pulls the contact list and calendar from the phone. He gets an e-mail with all the information. Hackers can use this
vulnerability for corporate espionage. The final hack we'd go through is called "Stage Fright."
CHERLOFF: It's a vulnerability that defects nearly 90 percent of the android device.
LIEBERMAN: 90 percent of android devices?
CHERLOFF: 90 percent of the android devices.
LIEBERMAN: I get a message with a link to a Prince video. One click and that's it. My phone is infected. And now they have even more access than
CHERLOFF: We can actually take a photo of you.
LIEBERMAN: So he can take a picture of me right now? You just did take a piucture of me right now? It's not the most flattering angle.
CHERLOFF: (INAUDIBLE) right?
LIEBERMAN: And it blocked. Yes.
This is a different phone infected with the same malware. And can you see the phone isn't doing, anything. I'm not doing anything with it. But they
are recording me right now on this phone. They can do it using the front camera or the back camera. Complete control over this phone.
Most cyber attacks still target desktops. But Cherloff says there is a dramatic shift happening as hackers figure out how to monetize attacks on
mobile. Oren Lieberman, CNN Tel Aviv.
GORANI: That is scary. I'm Hala Gorani. This has been THE WORLD RIGHT NOW. Thanks for watching "QUEST MEANS BUSINESS" is next from London.
(END VIDEO CLIP)