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CONNECT THE WORLD
CNN Freedom Project: Reconnecting With Heritage To Overcome Trauma; Court of Arbitration for Sport Upholds Paralympic Ban for Russia; UN Humanitarian Chief Pleads for Security Council to Come Together; Trump Delays Immigration Speech. Aired 11:00a-12:00p ET
Aired August 23, 2016 - 11:00:00 ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
[11:00:12] ARWA DAMON, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: We are some 65 kilometers or 40 miles south of Mosul.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
BECKY ANDERSON, HOST: The Iraqi army advance on ISIS in Iraq's second largest city. Next up for you, a report from near the front line.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
JESSICA SCHNEIDER, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Donald Trump once again attempting to
capitalize on ongoing scrutiny of Hillary Clinton's emails and the Clinton Foundation.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
ANDERSON: Campaign controversy and conspiracy. Hillary Clinton laughs off her opponents attacks as whacky strategy.
Coming up, an update on the race for the White House.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
PAULA NEWTON, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Today takes me to the streets where it began.
TANAY LITTLE, SEX TRAFFICKING SURVIVOR: I always get anxiety coming back.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
ANDERSON: An indigenous Canadian targeted by sex traffickers is reconnecting with her heritage to put a painful experience in the past.
CNN's Freedom Project, our project effort to end modern day slavery brings you Tanay's story of hope later this hour.
And just after 11 a.m. in New York. Hello and welcome. This is Connect the World live from New York all this week.
It was an attack on this city some 15 years ago that forced the United States to retaliate with the war on terror, its repercussion have helped
leaders here to where we begin today, on the frontlines of the latest battlefield against terrorism, in northern Iraq.
Right now, Iraqi troops backed by an American-led coalition are fighting against ISIS street by
street in Qayyara (ph), that town close to their ultimate goal, Mosul, Iraq's second largest city.
Now, the army say they have cut off key roads and taken back a handful of oil wells. But ISIS has set some crude on fire, hoping to block the
view of circling coalition war planes.
Well, CNN's Arwa Damon has been on the ground near Qayyara (ph) for us within sight of hte raging fighting.
ARWA DAMON, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: We're just outside of the center of the town of Qayyara (ph) in a battle that has been going on
since about 5:00 in the morning local time. And as Iraqi forces have been advancing, they have not only had to cope with that thick,
black smoke that you see blanketing the sky, that is as a result of ISIS continuously burning crude oil to try to impair the visibility of coalition
airstrikes on the ground, they have also had to deal with numerous IED and booby trapped roads.
They ended up especially trapped underneath an overpass having to remotely attempt to detonate some of these explosives, some of these
vehicles that have been laden with bombs, and they've also brought in a digger.
It is very, very slow, painstaking progress at this stage. But, in the last few months, the
Iraqi security forces have made significant gains, which has allowed them to reach this far.
Under apocalyptic skies blackened by thick smoke is the next target for Iraqi forces. ISIS used to move around 100 oil tankers of crude a day
out of these fields, now set aflame by ISIS fighters to decrease visibility from above.
We are some 65 kilometers or 40 miles south of Mosul. Land Iraqi forces have not stepped in since ISIS took over more than two years ago.
Their corpses are left to rot in the sun.
And the commander tells us ISIS appears to be weakening.
GEN. NAJIM AL-JOBOURI, NINEVEH OPERATIONS COMMANDER: Before, as I told you, the majority of fighters attacking on were foreign fighters. Now they
put foreign fighters with local fighters. Now I think they have lack on the foreign fighters.
DAMON: On display, weapons, troops found in residential homes. Among them, home-made mortar tubes and mortars larger than anything the Iraqis
have at their disposal.
Another significant gain in this area, this is the third largest air base in Iraqi. Leaving, we are told, explosives under piles of dirt on the
runways that need to be cleared. This will always be a vital forward base for the Iraqis and potentially U.S. forces.
Families fleeing haul what they can, stumbling away from the fighting.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE (through translation): They took half of our men and force them to fight for them. They killed my father.
DAMON: Tears for all they lost. Loved ones gone in a war that few can comprehend. The lives they knew ask loved dissent grade years ago.
To the southeast of Mosul, the Kurdish Peshmerga have pushed their front line forward, as well. The Peshmerga makes its way along east and
north. The villages controlled by ISIS visible in the distance. Here, too, they have noticed is weakening, showing us how ISIS moved this had
nondescript buildings like this.
(on camera): The Peshmerga fighters did initially drop down and take a few steps into what appeared to be some sort of tunnel. But rather than
taking their chances, they decided to withdrawal and seal off the entrance.
(voice-over): The chokehold around Mosul is tightening and the government pledged to liberate the city by the end of the year. It's still
the goal. The battle there with over a million civilians will be different from the ones out here. The success will be defined in land gains, not
lives destroyed or lost.
This is not a battle that is happening in any sort of conventional formation. This is not two armies that are facing off against one another.
There is a civilian population inside that town right now, according to Iraqi security forces, numbering some 10,000 families and one cannot
even begin to understand how terrifying this must be for them -- the ongoing explosions, the gunfire, and then, of course, there is the reality
that ISIS tends to use the civilian population as human shields.
We do not know the degree of the agony and the fear that they are going through at this point in time. And what we're seeing right here is
really just a fraction of what potentially the battle for Mosul will end up being like.
ANDERSON: Well, Arwa is going to be on the frontlines all this week to bring us more of what is this incredible reporting.
On Wednesday, she'll show us the toll that fighting is taking on the ordinary people close to the front lines -- hungry, sick, poor, and with
nobody to help. Do keep watching, because you will only find that reporting here on CNN.
Well, the Turkish military is escalating its attacks on ISIS across its border with Syria. A senior Turkish official in state media say the
military has gone after ISIS targets in Northern Syria for two days running. The bombardment follows an attack on a Turkish just town across
the border from Syria on Saturday.
A suicide bomber targeted a wedding in Gaziantep in Turkey killing 54 people, many of them were kids. It was the worst terror attack on Turkish
soil this year.
CNN senior international correspondent Ben Wedeman joining me now live from Ankara in Turkey. We have seen the surge in activity against ISIS in
Iraq with Arwa's reporting from the front lines. Ben, what's Turkish strategy at this point in the fight against the militants?
BEN WEDEMAN, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Well, what we understand from Syrian rebel commanders on this side of the border is that
there is very badly kept secret going on at the moment that Turkey is preparing to support a Syrian rebel force to go into the town of Giroblis
(ph), which is just on the inside of the Syrian border on the Euphrates River held by ISIS.
And many people suspect that the bombing in Gaziantep over the weekend was in fact preemptive revenge, if the you can use that term, by ISIS for
this upcoming operation.
Now, we have seen more military action on the border today. Three rockets were fired from
near the Syrian town of Azez (ph), which is just south of the Syrian- Turkish border. They landed on empty land in the town of Killis (ph) just on the other side, on the Turkish side of that border.
Now, according to the Turkish news agency, nobody was injured in that incident. But Turkish force fired back. So there definitely is something
in the works. We are hearing that as early as within the next week this Turkish-supported Syrian rebel force will be
heading towards Giroblis (ph), which is really one of the last ISIS-held towns on the Turkish border.
Just a few days ago they, lost the Syrian town of (inaudible) which is on the Syrian-Turkish border and they lost the town of Manbij just the week
So, definitely ISIS is on the back foot, so to speak, and Turkey seems more and more willing to
play a more active role in the ground battle against ISIS in Syria.
ANDERSON: All right, Ben, Joe Biden due to meet with the Turkish president this week in Ankara where you are.
Now, The Washington Post newspaper this week calling on the U.S. vice president to deliver some tough advice on what they describe in their
editorial as Turkey's slide towards authoritarianism.
Given what is going on at present, is Erdogan in a mood to listen at this point?
[11:10:26] WEDEMAN: Well, it's important to keep in mind on the 15th of July, there was a serious attempt to overthrow this government,
democratically elected, whatever you say about the nature of it, by elements within the Turkish military.
More than 200 people were killed. They bombed the Turkish parliament here in Ankara. So, Mr. Erdogan, President Erdogan is not really in the
mood to hear this sort of talk from the United States. He insists that this government was under threat by a coup inspired by Fethullah Gulen, the
U.S.-based Turkish cleric who has been living in Pennsylvania since 1999.
Many Turks simply don't believe that the United States didn't know that this was happening. Many Turks in fact believe the United States was
aware and was in support, perhaps not in material terms, but wanted this coup to happen. And therefore, President Erdogan is not in a very good
mood to hear advice from the United States. He is much more likely, as I heard
myself, from the Turkish prime minister, who described U.S.-Turkish relations in his words as so-so. They say the top of the agenda is going
to be the Turkish demand that Fethullah Gulen be handed to the United States -- to Turkey immediately. They have provided evidence, they say,
documents -- dozen of boxes of documents that indicate that Gulen has been involved in anti-Turkish activities over the years.
And they say they have handed over evidence to the United States that he was involved in the coup.
Now, American officials say the evidence is not conclusive, but there has been a delegation
from the Justice Department here in Ankara over the last day talking about this issue. And when Joe Biden arrives here tomorrow in Ankara, he is
going to go to the parliament, which was bombed. He is going to be meeting with the president. And you can bet that Gulen is number one item on
President Erdogan's agenda.
ANDERSON: Thank you, Ben.
And just to update our viewers on some news that came in and out the past hour or so, it's been announced that 586 colonels from across the land
forces, navy and air force are being retired in Turkey to prevent what they describe as an amalgamation of officers. So the crackdown in Turkey
Some other stories on our radar today for you viewers. And South Korean officials confirm to CNN that three North Koreans defected earlier
this month via the yellow sea. South Korea's news agency says the three used a fishing boat to escape and were picked up by the South Korean coast
The Philippines National police chief says 300 of his officers are suspected to be involved in the
drug trade and will be swiftly brought to justice. More than 1,800 people have been killed in police related killings and unsolved murders since the
president launched his crackdown on drugs.
Fans from Scotland's Celtic Football Club have raised almost $150,000 for Palestinian charities. It's to match an expected fine from European
football's governing body for waving Palestinian flags in a match against Israeli team Hapoel Be'er Sheva last Wednesday. They play again in a few
Well, Russia will not be competing at the Paralympics in Rio. The Court for Arbitration for Sport threw out Russia's appeal against a blanket
ban of its athletes. Now, that ban was imposed following allegations of state sponsored doping.
Let's get your live to Moscow and to CNN's Matthew Chance.
This news, perhaps, no surprise to authorities. They may have expected it. What's their reaction?
MATTHEW CHANCE, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Well, there has been an angry reaction, actually, from all quarters. The Russian sports
minister Vitaly Motko has said this ban, or the upholding of this ban, is politically motivated, essentially saying it's designed by Russia's enemies
to make it look bad. That's been an opinion expressed by many in the Russian public as well. A recent opinion poll suggested that two thirds of
the Russian public believe all these attacks, as they see them, on Russian athletics, including the Paraathletes that are
currently been from Rio are politically motivated.
There has also been word from the legal team, the lawyers representing the Russian Paralympic committee saying that even though they heard this
ban is being upheld by the Court of Arbitration for Sport Lausanne in Switzerland, they intend to appeal to an even higher court, the Supreme
Court in Switzerland.
Whether they acknowledge that appeal is going to take a long time. It take between one and two years, they say. And so they are acknowledging
implicitly there that the Russian Paralympic team won't be traveling to Rio and won't be competing in those Paralympics.
Very briefly, what's been the response from the athletes themselves?
CHANCE: Well, shock, disbelief, a lot of pain expressed by the various Parathletes that we've
interviewed at CNN and have been interviewed by others as well. They've appeared on Russian state television as well of course.
You have got to remember a lot of these people have been preparing -- all of them -- have been preparing for the past four years, training very
hard and trying to hold out for these Olympics. And even though there has been apparently a state sponsored program of doping in this country in
which wide scale doping took place as was revealed by the various anti- doping agency reports, of course there will be many amongst the Parathletes here who have not been doping, and there is a great sense of injustice felt
by them that they are paying the price for the misdeeds of others.
And so that's something that's come out a lot in what these Paraathletes have been saying.
ANDERSON: Matthew Chance is in Moscow for you. Matthew, always a pleasure. Thank you.
Still to come, an update on the U.S. presidential race for you. Donald Trump supportersare trying to get out the vote in a country
thousands of kilometers away. We're going to explain why Israel could be an important battleground.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
STEVE O'BRIEN, UNITED NATIONS: This callous carnage that is Syria has long since moved from the cynical to the sinful.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
ANDERSON: I'm going to speak to the United Nations relief chief about the crisis he calls the apex of horror. Steven O'Brien joins us to talk
about Aleppo and the war he says is the international community's shame.
ANDERSON: It is 19 minutes past 11:00. Live from New York, you are watching CNN. This is Connect the World with me, Becky Anderson. A warm
Going to have to wait a little longer to see if Donald Trump is changing one of his key proposals in his presidential campaign. He has
postponed a major speech on immigration after his campaign manager said his stance on mass deportations is now to be determined.
Well, Trump has been railing against undocumented immigrants for months, even calling the United States a dumping ground for the rest of the
Asked about a possible shift in policy, yesterday Trump said he wants to follow existing laws and denied any flip-flopping. His running mate
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
GOV. MIKE PENCE, (R) INDIANA: Nothing's changed. I think what you are going to hear Donald Trump continue to do is give more and more detail
to the policies that he has been advocating from the beginning of this campaign.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
ANDERSON: Well, there may be another reason that Trump has delayed that speech, his campaign doesn't want to take attention away from Hillary
Clinton as she faces growing scrutiny on several fronts.
Let's get details now from CNN's Jessica Schneider who is here in New York -- Jessica.
JESSICA SCHNEIDER, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Well, well, Becky, you know, Donald Trump is hitting Hillary Clinton on multiple fronts and he is
escalating his attacks on her email scandal. Donald Trump is amping up the accusations that Hillary Clinton was involved in a pay for play scheme when
she was secretary of state.
And because of that, he is now calling for an expedited and independent review by a special
CROWD: Lock her up. Lock her up. Lock her up.
SCHNEIDER: Donald Trump once again attempting to capitalize an ongoing scrutiny of Hilary Clinton's e- mail and the Clinton Foundation, in his
strongest language yet, accusing his opponent of fostering a pay for play culture when she was secretary of state.
DONALD TRUMP, (R) PRESUMPTIVE PRESIDENTIAL NOMINEE: The amounts involved, the favors done and significant number of times it was done
require an expedited investigation by a special prosecutor immediately, immediately, immediately.
[08:20:12] SCHNEIDER: Trump claiming the FBI and the Justice Department whitewashed Clinton's email scandal.
TRUMP: It has proven itself to be really sadly a political arm of the White House.
SCHNEIDER: This charge coming as a judge orders the State Department to review an additional 15,000 e-mails and other documents. The former
secretary of state did not voluntarily turn over. A development Clinton brushed off, Monday night.
HILARY CLINTON, (D) PRESIDENTIAL NOMINEE: Jimmy, my e-mails are so boring.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Yeah, mine aren't.
CLINTON: I mean, I'm embarrassed about that, they're so boring. And -- So we've already released, I don't know, 30,000 plus, so what's a few more?
SCHNEIDER: Trump continuing his outreach to Black and Hispanic voters, raising eyebrows with his tone, yet again.
TRUMP: What do you have to lose? I will straighten it out. We'll get rid of the crime. You'll be able to walk down the street without getting
shot. Right now, you walk down the street and you get shot.
SCHNEIDER: Clinton's campaign blasting Trump's overcharge of the black community, accusing Trump of "Doubling down on insults, fears and
stereotypes that set our community back and further divide our country."
This appeal to Hispanics coming as Trump's campaign continues to attempt to clarify his stance on the mass deportation of undocumented
immigrants after postponing a big policy speech.
TRUMP: We'll going to get rid of all of the bad ones. We have gang members, we have killers, we have a lot of bad people that have to get out
of this country. We're going to get them out. And the police know who they are.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: He will deport those who have absolutely committed a crime, been convicted of a crime.
SCHNEIDER: This change coming after Trump advocated for mass deportation for months.
TRUMP: They're going back where they came.
SCHNEIDER: As for Hillary Clinton, the Democratic nominee forced to address unfounded conspiracy theories over her health.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Go online and put down Hillary Clinton illness, take a look for the videos for yourself.
CLINTON: I don't know why they are saying this. I think on the one hand, it's part of the whacky strategy, just say all these crazy things and
maybe you can get some people to believe you.
On the other hand, it just absolutely makes no sense.
JIMMY KIMMEL, HOST, LATE SHOW: Can you open this jar of pickles. This has not been tampered with.
SCHNEIDER: Yeah, and Hillary Clinton there laughing off the questions about her health. But you know, Becky, Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump,
two of the oldest people to ever seek the U.S. presidency. Hillary Clinton is 68, Donald Trump is 70.
ANDERSON: Jessica, let's talk immigration. Trump says he isn't, quote, flip-flopping on his policy of the forced deportation of millions of
undocumented immigrants living in this country, but his camp has postponed a major speech on the subject. I know you have suggested that they have
said it could be just to keep the heat on Hillary Clinton. Is there any more to it than that?
SCHNEIDER: Well, you know, they have repeatedly said, and Donald Trump has said, he is not flip-flopping. But it calls into question now
with the delay of this immigration speech -- it was initially scheduled for Thursday, and now his advisers are telling CNN that they are not sure when
it will be rescheduled for.
And we understand that's because his policy advisers are now looking to put a point on exactly what his immigration stance is. So it beg the
question if he is not flip-flopping, why is it so difficult to come up with a speech and come up with it in a timely manner like they had promised on
But that not happening and we are still not sure when he will be making that speech on
immigration after all, Becky.
ANDERSON: Fascinating. All right, Jessica, thank you for that.
Well, both candidates focusing on critical swing states, as they're known here, where the race is expected to be close. But another
battleground could be shaping up overseas. Ian Lee explains why Republicans believe Israel could help tip the balance in favor of Donald
TRUMP: Thank you, Scott. Thank you.
IAN LEE, CN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: By now we all know Donald Trump's slogan.
TRUMP: But 5,000 miles away, it reads a little different.
At a mall in central Israel, Republicans have volunteers, balloons and a new Trump slogan,
the Israeli interest.
MARK ZELL, CHAIRMAN, REPUBLICAN OVERSEAS ISREAL: Thank you for coming out.
TRUMP: Mark Zell is pressing the flesh to rally support for the GOP nominee.
ZELL: The whole Middle East has gone up in flames in this administration. They entered
into the worst agreement with -- that's possible with the Iranians and we are here on the front lines.
LEE: Relations cooled during President Obama's tenure, hitting a low point last year when Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu went behind Obama's
back to address congress, hoping to derail the president's nuclear deal with Iran.
Registered Florida voter Debora Grufi believes Trump will heal the rift.
DEBORA GRUFI, ISRAELI-AMERICAN AND FLORIDA VOTER: I do. I really do. I think that he has Israel's best interests in hand. I think he wants the
country to be at peace.
LEE: You may be asking yourself why does Israel matter? Well, Republicans believe if they get enough votes they can tip the scales in
tightly contested swing states. Remember, in 2000, Florida and the presidency were won by 537 votes.
Israel has 200,000 eligible American voters, according to the non- partisan organization I Vote Israel. Last election, Republican Mitt Romney won 85 percent of the vote here. A poll this summer showed Israelis nearly
split on which candidate would be better for them, though Clinton was deemed more fit to be U.S. president by a 16-point margin.
Trump's path to the presidency looks in peril. CNN's poll of polls shows Clinton leading Trump by an average of 10 points in the U.S. Zell
believes it's more imperative than ever to get Americans here casting ballots.
ZELL: We do have an influence, absolutely. Every vote that we sign up here could make a difference in the history of the world.
LEE: Still, some American voters have their reservations about Trump.
UNIDENITIFIED MALE: So it's as the saying goes, the lesser of two evils -- either not vote for vote for hillary.
LEE: Israel is a land of faith, and Zell thinks it can pull off a miracle.
Ian Lee, CNN, Modine, Israel.
ANDERSON: Well, you are watching Connect the World. We are out of New York for you this week. The latest world news headlines are just ahead
as you would expect at the bottom of the hour.
Plus, as the Iraqi army prepares to retake Mosul from ISIS, aid agencies start preparing camps to accommodate a wave of refugees. You're
going to hear from the UN emergency relief coordinator up next.
Plus, Syrian children caught in the crossfire, and victims of a growing refugee crisis. We are going to see what exile looks like through
the eyes of one child.
[11:32:34] ANDERSON: I want to get you back now to an effort to recapture one of Iraq's most important cities from ISIS. The battle for
Mosul is approaching. And with it, fresh fears of another wave of displaced people. It's a situation that we've seen before, isn't it?
You may remember these scenes from last year, people streaming across a bridge towards Baghdad trying to escape the ISIS takeover of Ramadi.
One year later, the battle to retake the ISIS-held city of Fallujah sent thousands more running for shelter. Just some of the more than 3.3
million people the United Nations says are now displaced within Iraq.
And that is a situation the UN fears could soon get much worse. It says the offensive on Mosul
alone may affect more than a million Iraqis. It's already preparing new camps to shelter people affected.
Steven O'Brien is the United Nations Undersecretary for Humanitarian Affairs and emergency
relief coordinator joining me now from Geneva. Steven, thank you.
My colleague Arwa Damon and her team this week reporting from the front lines as the Iraqi
army inches towards Mosul. And in a bleak assessment, she says success likely to be defined in land gained, not lives destroyed or lost.
How devastating do you expect the next few months to be in terms of lives lost and destroyed? And what sort of provisions can you
O'BRIEN: Well, you are absolutely right. Having seen what has already happened in the flight from Ramadi and as you have described in
your opening the (inaudible) people on the (inaudible) bridge at that time it has given us all the evidence we need to have to know we need to act
early on the clues to get prepared for what as there is an attempt to retake Mosul there will be with so many more people engaged and involved.
There is likely to be a very high number of people who will be displaced.
We already have a number displaced from the area. And it's where we would expect all four quarters to be filled with people seeking to flee
from Mosul the minute that the fighting actually starts there. And you have got remember the other big worry we have is that maybe as many as
quarter of a million people could be trapped in the center of Mosul who will be used as
potential shields by ISIL fighters in an effort to try to save themselves.
And that will itself put incredible protection and lives at risk. And that's why we are doing
everything we can to mobilize our actions.
But let's be clear, we need money to do this. And at the moment there is serious underfunding and we need the international community to step up.
That is part of the preparations.
[11:35:23] ANDERSON: That's an appeal from Steven.
A desperate situation then in Iraq. On Syria, you had harsh words for the UN Security Council this week, telling them that you were very angry
with the lack of action there. I want to play some of your briefing for our viewers.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
O'BRIEN: This callous carnage that is Syria has long since moved from the cynical to the sinful. What is happening in Aleppo today and
throughout Syria over the last five years is an outrage against every moral fiber in our being as human beings, as fellow human beings, with every
Syrian caught up in this unending cataclysm.
And it is the failure of politics, of all of us -- and you know this as members of the Security Council.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
ANDERSON: Well, you finish by urging members to put their differences aside and stop what you called this humanitarian shame for once and for
all. From what you saw in New York, how far away are we from that happening?
O'BRIEN: Well, I've called for of course a cessation of hostilities, for all the guns to fall silent, but at the very least a 48 hour a week
pause so that we can get the necessary aid in to the scale of need that is now in eastern Aleppo, 275,000 people, and also in western Aleppo. These are areas controlled by different parts of the fighting.
And that's 1.2 million people. And they need different routes and crossing different conflict lines. That's why we need the pause, because we can't
get the confidence of the very brave truck drivers to jump in their cabs, load the
trucks, take the life saving goods and the protection that's needed for the people to the places where it's needed unless we get that pause.
That's why I've been pushing it. And the reason that we don't get it is because there has to be
agreement with the parties for the guns to fall silent.
Now you all have heard that there has been a proposal for a pause, which has now been agreed that it does need to be 48 hours for us to be
able to have enough time to mobilize and to get the aid in by the Russian federation who is seeking to persuade the government of
Syria and its allied forces. And we need the same pressure to be applied to all those who have influence on the armed opposition groups and all
those who are on the other side of the fight, because unless you get all sides to agree, you cannot have a one-sided unilateral ceasefire as the
foreign minister of Germany Frank Walter-Steinmeir rather notably made his comment the other day.
ANDERSON: And as we talk about what politicians might -- and diplomats might decide. We're showing vision of exactly what is going on
minute by minute and day-by-day in Aleppo. It is disgusting.
Addressing that same UN meeting was the Syrian ambassador to the UN. He outright rejected the accusation that it was either a Russian or a
Syrian air strike that resulted in these images.
Let me bring them up, from rebel held Aleppo. A little boy -- remember, a little boy pulled alive from the rubble, a silent shock on
Omran Daqneesh's face, came to symbolize the horror of what is unfolding daily inside the city. Steven, we don't know whether that strike was
Russian, but they are responsible for many strikes on what they say are jihadi rebels, not to
mention their support of the Assad government on the international stage.
How would you categorize Russia's role in this war? And would you like to see them -- or what would you like to see them do as permanent
members of the security council?
O'BRIEN: Well, certainly we should remember that Omran, he was called lucky by the local doctor because his brother was killed, is dead. And
that's the hard and terrible truth that we are facing day in, day out in Syria on all sides. And so fighting and killing and appalling air strikes
and bombing and shelling, even turning off water supplies,these are all reprehensible and have to stop in order for there to be any kind of hope and release from
fear, displacement and the need to flee, which is characterized 13 million Syrian's lives over recent years.
So, that's why we are so focused on it.
And as for the parties -- and indeed those who have influence on them or are supporting parties in Syria, all of them, that includes members of
the security council, permanent members as well, all of them need to reassess very carefully what it is they are contributing to, because in the
end it takes everybody to stop the fighting because as we know, it only takes one sniper to take the shot and that can trigger a whole raft of
And that's why we need to have an agreement by all. So, I welcome the Russian Federation's offer of a ceasefire, but as I say we have to deliver
this from all parties, otherwise it's not a ceasefire.
[11:40:13] ANDERSON: This is five years in the making and still we see these images. It is horrendous. Can we expect to see this Syrian war
-- if people aren't heeding your advice -- this Syrian war last another decade? Lebanon's, for example, raged for 15 years.
O'BRIEN: Well, I'm the humanitarian chief of the United Nations. And I take very seriously the phrase United Nations. I know that nothing can
happen that is going of benefit to the people who need the service of the United Nations, be that in emergency response, humanitarian, in lifting
them up through their human rights or development or ensuring their security, unless nations come together as was founded by the (inaudible) 70 years ago
to come to a united view. That's why I put such a strong plea yesterday at the security council directly to them in the room.
We have to find a way together of putting aside the differences in order to reach the higher level of our moral obligations to try and stop
the threat to lives and to the terrible absence of protection that people suffer in so many parts of the world, be that Syria, Iraq, and Yemen, South
Sudan, (inaudible) -- but Syria has been, as I put it yesterday, at the apex of horror because of its relentlessness.
So, when we look out, we have to find the better way of preventing and bringing to an end war and conflict because these are man made, ultimately
they are within our control. And my department at the United Nations was originally set up to meet the natural disaster emergencies. So at least
let us try to come together to try to stop the man made causes to such terrible humanitarian need.
ANDERSON: Not mincing your words today.
Steven O'brien for you out of Geneva. Steven, thank you.
As we have just heard, millions of Syrian and Iraqi children have been forced from their
homes either either within their own country or seeking shelter abroad.
Well the documentary film This is Exile follows one Syrian family who crossed the border
into Lebanon. Have a look at this.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
UNIDENDIFIED MALE (through translator): Do you know why is there a war?
BOY (through translator): I do not know. I did not ask. This grown- ups' talk, not young kids' talk.
MANI BENCHELAH, DIRECTOR: Exile means for these children to be deprived of their home country. Many among those children have been going
through severe trauma. Many among them have witnessed atrocities, have lost family members or lost friends, have witnessed the bombing, the
BOY: (SPEAKING IN FOREIGN LANGUAGE)
BENCHELAH: The feeling of being threatened is even bigger because they have difficulty to understand the whole complexity of the situation.
I can definitely see at some point some of the children really being - - you know, having some violent reaction or were desiring to resort to violence as a result of the violence that they had witnessed.
BOY: (SPEAKING IN FOREIGN LANGUAGE)
BENCHELAH: Those children are like the future of Syria. So what's going to happen to
them is going to have an enormous impact on what Syria will be tomorrow. As long as they are refugees, I feel like that their perspective as a
whole, like, is not very optimistic.
The most important thing would be that the conflict stops. That is the most important thing
for those millions of refugees.
BOY (through translator): Exile has killed us. Returning to Syria remains my biggest hope.
[11:45:02] ANDERSON: Live from New York, this is Connect the World. I'm Becky Anderson for you. Coming up, we will continue our look at the
horrors of sex trafficking in Canada's indigenous communities.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
LITTLE: I always get anxiety coming back.
NEWTON: An older girl, someone who pretended to be her friend, was actually preying on Tanay, luring her with drugs and trafficking her for
What would happen if you refused to have sex with anybody?
LITTLE: If you're not beat up, then you would get raped by a few of them at once.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
ANDERSON: Well, Tanay eventually found hope and healed her wounds by turning to her own indigenous heritage. That story is up next. Don't go
away. You are watching CNN.
ANDERSON: If you watch Connect the World often, I hope you do. You do know that CNN is on a mission to fight modern-day slavery by giving a
voice to the victims.
This week, we are exposing sex trafficking within Canada's indigenous communities. 23-year-old Tanay Little was sexually abused as a toddler,
and then raped and trafficked for sex at the age of 11.
As my colleague Paula Newton now reports the young woman is now finding hope and healing through her own native culture. Look at this.
PAULA NEWTON, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: With every stroke of the
drum, Tanay Little finds resounding strength; flashbacks to her past, painful life, fade ever faster and
the soothing beat of the instrument reminds her she's safe.
TANAY LITTLE, SEX TRAFFICKING SURVIVOR: And while you're drumming, your spirit like feels safe, feels connected.
NEWTON: Tanay is now visiting that safe place: Little Sisters in Winnipeg, a transition home for sex trafficking victims that sheltered her
when she first came off the streets.
LITTLE: I love this place. I love being here in knowing that this place helps women change.
NEWTON: Tanay calls it change but it was nothing short of salvation.
How old were you?
NEWTON: You were 11?
NEWTON: Already introduced to drug.
NEWTON: What kind of drugs?
LITTLE: Crack cocaine.
NEWTON: At 11?
LITTLE: at 11.
NEWTON: Tanay takes me to the streets where it began.
LITTLE: I always get anxiety coming back.
NEWTON: An older girl, someone who pretended to be her friend, was actually preying on her, luring her with drugs and trafficking her for sex.
LITTLE: I remember one time that she put me in a room, and then two guys, one -- not together, but one would come in and I would have sex with
him. And then the other guy would come in and then I'd get high after that.
[11:50:11] NEWTON: What would happen if you refused to have sex with anybody?
LITTLE: If you're not beat up, then you would get raped by a few of them at once.
NEWTON: As an indigenous girl in Canada, the nightmare Tanay lived on these streets is hardly rare. anada's indigenous population is very small,
just 4 percent, yet more than 50 percent of all sex trafficking victims there are indigenous -- a huge over representation. And just like Tanay,
they are coping with a legacy of poverty, racism, and abuse.
DIANE REDSKY, MOM AWAY: There is a debt bonded that between $1,000 and $2,000 a day that these girls must bring, must hand in to their
trafficker or else.
NEWTON: Diane Redsky can't help but feel anger. She runs Ma Mawi, a center that advocates for indigenous women and children, specifically sex
trafficking victims. She says the history of racism against this population feeds into the cycle of violence and exploitation
REDSKY: It's really difficult to be able to fight those stereotypes as indigenous women when a whole society is targeting indigenous women and
girls, particularly for violence and abuse and that spills over into sex trafficking.
Thanks for coming to the circle. We're going to start with a smudge.
I'm very honored to be sitting in circle with you today, and thank you for inviting me.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I'm very honored to sit here with my survivor sisters today.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Being brought to attention, because it's been far too long.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It is an amazing, amazing thing to open your heart.
NEWTON: Elder Mae Louise Campbell leads a traditional sharing circle.
MAE LOUISE CAMPBELL, INDIGENOUS COMMUNITY ELDER: Thank you. Thank you to each and every one of you.
NEWTON: It's a spiritual connection with indigenous culture and a unique path to healing for
victims who say they have never felt worthy.
They don't feel sacred, they feel worthless.
CAMPBELL: Yeah, that's right.
The only way that they're going to feel whole again is to reconnect to their traditional ways through the ceremonies, through coming back to
listening to the elders, coming back to believe, to believe they are not all that has happened to them. They are not that. They are sacred.
LITTLE: You need to know your worth (inaudible) for sure to get through it.
NEWTON: Tanay says that connecting with her native culture has empowered her to heal, and also to understand how and why as an indigenous
child in Canada, she was both vulnerable, and exposed.
Paula Newton, CNN, Winnipeg.
ANDERSON: Tomorrow, we are going to introduce you to an indigenous community that is confronting the issue of child exploitation head on.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The first step in rebuilding our community is to say enough is enough.
NEWTON: Both community leaders, trained by the Manitoba government to create a curriculum-based program where kids hear how and why child sexual
exploitation has traumatized their community.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I don't think it's ever been talked about that way. It's more like, let's not talk about it. Let's just leave it. Let's
leave it under a rock and let it stay there.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
ANDERSON: Right. More on how one community is educating its kids to protect them on our series Canada's Stolen Daughters.
You are watching Connect the World. We'll be right back.
[11:54:58] ANDERSON: Right. Just before we leave you this hour, long before anyone thought up the Genius Bar, folks here in the Big Apple took
their Apple gear to one famous little repair shop. But now, well, it has powered down for good, and putting some of its classic hardware up for
So, for your Parting Shots today, the store's co-founder took us on a stroll down memory lane.
DICK DEMENUS, CO-FOUNDER: David and I are techies. We met at a radio station, WBII
in New York. We actually started a company called Current Designs that did electronic product design. Along the way we both saw the Macintosh and
fell in love instantly. A great machine, but occasionally it would fail. Being techies, we figured out how to fix it. And before you know it, we
had another business going -- one fixing Macintoshes, and another doing product design. The Macintosh won out.
At one point we were the Macintosh, the Apple store, in New York.
That changed. But, you know, that's life.
Once we decided to close the store, I had to figure out what am I going to do with this huge collection.
There's something special about this stuff that was at tech central all these years. And I'd like to see it go to people who appreciate it.
The best way I can see to do that would be to have an auction.
I don't see my collection as nostalgic, I see it as a collection of physical history. Every piece has a story. And that's one thing I enjoy
showing people around. I see something, oh, I'll tell you the story behind that one.
The Apple Store, everything is new and shiny and looking to the future. They don't look back.
I like to see the story of where things came from, how today evolved from all the work and genius that came before.
Well, I know we've had an impact on the New York Mac community, and it's not by design, it's by being who we are. You know, we've been on Sex
in the City.
SARAH JESSICA PARKER, ACTRESS: Two meltdowns later, we rushed by 98 laptop in my 99 the Pashmina (ph) to Tek Serve.
Can you please not do that?
UNIDENITIFIED MALE: 64.
PARKER: Oh, god, come on.
DEMENUS: We've been on Law and Order".
UNIDENITIFIED MALE: Whoa, whoa, whoa.
DEMENUS: That's part of being in New York.
I'm actually happy to see it go. It's hard to pick out a favorite. It's like children, you know, like who is favorite.
ANDERSON: Bring back some memories? I bet it did.
I'm Becky Anderson. That was Connect the World. Out of New York today and all week. Thank you for watching. See you tomorrow.