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Trump Aides in Search of Strategy for Second Debate; Blackberry to Stop Making Phones; A Tribute to Shimon Peres; New Bollywood Movie Tackles Sexual Assault. Aired. 8:00a-9:00A ET

Aired September 29, 2016 - 08:00:00   ET


[08:00:19] KRISTIE LU STOUT, HOST: I'm Kristie Lu Stout in Hong Kong. And welcome to News Stream.

Israel prepares to say good-bye to Shimon Peres and launches the largest Israeli police operation in years.

Donald Trump tries to keep up attacks against Hillary Clinton but struggles to shake off the fallout from Monday's presidential debate.

And the end of an era. Blackberry will no longer make Blackberries.

Under very tight security, Israelis are paying tribute to a man who worked hard for peace

and dedicated his life to public service. Former president and Prime Minister Shimon Peres is lying

in state at the Knesset where he served for decades. And his casket will remain there until his funeral on Friday.

Now Peres, one of Israel's founding fathers, died on Wednesday at the age of 93, two weeks after he suffered a stroke. And a short time ago,

former U.S. president Bill Clinton paid tribute to the man he has called a brilliant and eloquent friend.

And with more on the funeral preparations, let's go straight to Oren Liebermann who joins us from the Knesset. And Oren, Israeli authorities

there, they are on alert for a terror threat at Friday's funeral. What kind of security preparations are in place?

OREN LIEBERMANN, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Well, there are 8,000 police officers in and around Jerusalem and Tel Aviv, not just to

guard the Knesset, where we are now, but also Mount Herzl where the burial will be, where the funeral will

be, and the airport, where a number of world leaders will arrive, starting already today into tomorrow.

Police say there's no specific security threat, but they're on alert, mostly for lone wolf attacks, because those not organized by a larger group

might not be picked up by larger intelligence, so they're monitoring social media for any specific threats.

But again, at this time, police say there are no specific threats.

The focus today is on where we are right now. This is the plaza right outside of the Knesset where Shimon Peres lies in state here behind me.

Hundreds, if not thousands, of members of the public have already come by, walked by, taken their time to pause and reflect on what Shimon Peres meant

to the country, as well as dignitaries.

It was President Bill Clinton was here not all that long ago. First, he walked out on his own

with the president of Israel and the speaker of the Knesset behind him. He stepped up to the casket on his own, paused for a moment, and then invited

the president and speaker with him to stand there.

I thought I saw a bit of a smile in there, almost as if he was remembering fond memories with Shimon Peres. These two have a very long

history together.

Earlier in the morning, it was Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu here to pay his respects, and that started a long day of memorials for Peres.


LIEBERMANN: The final journey of Israeli President Shimon Peres reached the gates of the Knesset early Thursday morning his casket wrapped

in an Israeli flag, placed on display for a country to say farewell.

Israeli leaders -- Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, President Reuven Rivlin and others laying wreaths by his side, a silent tribute to a man who

spent his entire life dedicated to public service to the state of Israel.

Military rabbis chanted prayers of mourning near the casket. Thousands of people filed in to

say their own farewells.


UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It's the duty of almost every Israeli to pay respect to one of our greatest leaders, the man who took part in everything

that happened in this country since it was founded.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: He was the last of the greats who created the state of Israel, and he was an international peacemaker.

LIEBERMANN: Shimon Peres was one of Israel's founding fathers, the last connection to the beginning of the state. With the Jewish new year

only days away, this will be the first year the country faces without Peres.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Shimon Peres was a light for us. And his legacy will still be here, even next year, even without him.

LIEBERMANN: Dignitaries as well saying their final farewells. President Bill Clinton considered Peres a dear friend.

Many here see it as their duty to pay their respects to Peres since it was his duty to serve them for so long. Flags at the Knesset lowered to

half staff to honor Shimon Peres, flags he has done so much to raise.


LIEBERMANN: We just learned moments ago that a Palestinian delegation will attend the funeral of Shimon Peres tomorrow, that news coming from

Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas' office. Although, we're still unsure if Abbas himself will attend.

But that's a big statement, a statement not about current politics, but a statement about Shimon Peres and how much they appreciate his efforts

towards peace, his efforts on the Oslo Accords, even if they aren't held in nearly as high regard today.

But in and of itself, significant, as well as all of the other world leaders who will attend tomorrow to say their final farewell to Shimon

Peres -- Krsitie.

[08:05:25] LU STOUT: Oren Lieberman reporting live for us from the Knesset where Shimon Peres lies in state. Thank you, Oren.

Now, Hillary Clinton is bringing out the heavy hitters as the race enters the home stretch. On Wednesday, she tapped into the star power of

some high-powered surrogates, including her former Democratic rival, the Senator Bernie Sanders, who appealed heavily to millennial voters in the

primaries as well as First Lady Michelle Obama, two took a not-so-veiled jab at Donald Trump on Wednesday, saying, quote, we need an adult in the

White House.

Now, Donald Trump is also, of course, hitting the campaign trail. And he is reportedly not too happy with any aides who have publicly

acknowledged he struggled at Monday's debate. CNN's Phil Mattingly has more.


DONALD TRUMP, REPUBLICAN PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: I don't think she did well in the debate at all. I don't think she did well at all

PHIL MATTINGLY, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Despite pundit after pundit calling Donald

Trump a debate loser, the candidate himself remains convinced otherwise.

TRUMP: We had the debate the other night, and every single online poll had us winning by sometimes a landslide.

MATTINGLY: Trump citing unscientific online surveys, surveys that allow anyone to vote multiple times. But as Trump remains defiant, his

advisers are moving to sharpen his debate skills and attacks on Hillary Clinton before the next face-off, hitting Clinton in releases, online and

in back-to-back speeches on her connections to Wall Street and corporate interests.

TRUMP: Hillary clinton is an insider fighting for her donors, I am an outsider fighting for you. We're fighting together.

MATTINGLY: The Democratic nominee deploying her party's biggest guns to undercut Trump's efforts.

MICHELLE OBAMA, FIRST LADY: When making life or death, war or peace decisions, a president just can't pop off or lash out irrationally. No.

We need an adult in the White House.

MATTINGLY: All while Trump takes his most explicit shots at Clinton's health yet.

TRUMP: You see all the days off that Hillary takes? Day off, day off, day off. All those day offs and then she can't even make it to her

car. Isn't it tough?

MATTINGLY: Giving his biggest supporters in Iowa exactly what they want -- Trump, unscripted and off the cuff, touting his support among

evangelical voters. Trump jokingly singled out non-Christian conservative supporters in the crowd.

TRUMP: Raise your hand if you're not a Christian conservative. I want want to see this, right. there's a couple people. That's all right.

I think we'll keep them, right? Should we keep them in the room, yes? I think so.


LU STOUT: And that was CNN's Phil Mattingly. He joins me now live from Iowa, where early voting is getting under way. And Phil, Trump will

eventually have to face Hillary Clinton for debate number two. He is in full-on attack mode now, you know, there on the campaign trail, but is it

going to hit harder on the debate stage 10 days from now?

MATTINGLY: Well, look, Kristie, if his advisers have their way, absolutely. I think there is a recognition inside his team, maybe not with

the candidate himself, but inside his team that there were opportunities in that first debate that Donald Trump simply didn't take

advantage of. There are issues that they feel like resonate not just with their supporters but with independents and folks that haven't come off the

sidelines yet. Those are attacks that his advisers are stressing to Donald Trump behind the scenes, I'm told, have to be made, not just in the next

debate, but every day leading up to that.

It's something we saw yesterday here in Iowa. And, Kristie, I think it's something you're going to see repeatedly in the days ahead. But the

big question, though, during that debate which will be a town hall format, can Donald Trump actually put those words into action? He certainly didn't

on Monday night.

LU STOUT: And also, how effective are these debates in the grand scheme of things? I mean, Donald Trump may have had a not so ideal first

debate performance, but really what impact is that going to have on the overall race?

MATTINGLY: It depends. And, Kristie, you talk to people who have been involved in past campaigns. And they say there's a lot of buildup for

these debates and they don't actually have big impact on the numbers.

Look, in 2012, by every account, Mitt Romney whipped President Obama in that first debate. And he got a bounce afterwards in the numbers. But

President Obama still had a very large election night victory in November of that year.

I think for the Trump campaign, the problem that they're facing right now and issues they're dealing with is Donald Trump clearly had momentum

going into that debate. The polls were tightening both nationally and in battleground states. Monday night halted that. And we're going to see a

little bit more on the details as new polling comes out, but everything we've seen

behind the scenes so far shows that Hillary Clinton had a very good night.

The concern with the Trump campaign, they already had an uphill battle in some of these battleground states. But they were making up ground. The

concern now is that that progress halts and maybe even recedes a little bit.

[08:10:18] LU STOUT: All right. Phil Mattingly reporting live for us from Iowa. Thank you, Phil.

Now, U.S. President Barack Obama took questions at a town hall hosted by CNN. And one of the issues brought up was the civil war in Syria. Jake

Tapper asked Mr. Obama if he regretted not doing more to stop the atrocities there.



some bad things that happen around the world, and we have to be judicious in thinking about, is this a situation in which inserting large numbers of

U.S. troops will get us a better outcome, knowing the incredible sacrifices that will be involved? And in syria, there is not a scenario in which

absent us deploying large numbers of troops we can stop a civil war in which both sides are deeply dug in.


LU STOUT: Now, Russia says it is ready to restart peace talks on Syria but is outraged that the U.S. is trying to set ultimatums.

Washington has said it won't return to the negotiating table unless Moscow takes steps to stop the assault on Aleppo. Now, Russia says it has

repeatedly suggested a 48-hour pause in the fighting, but refuses to accept a week-long truce that it says would benefit terrorists.

Meanwhile, the violence continues in Eastern Aleppo. Constant bombardment has torn buildings apart, including this hospital.

Now, UNICEF says in less than a week,at least 96 children have been killed, hundreds have been injured.

Now, tensions have spiked between India and Pakistan after India launched military strikes along the border with Pakistan-administered


India says it targeted militants to prevent a terror attack, but Islamabad calls the strikes an act of aggression, and if India does it

again, it will react forcefully. Pakistan says two of its soldiers were killed in an exchange of fire with Indian troops.

Now, Alexandra Field has been following the story for us. She joins us now. And Alex, what more have you learn about this surgical attack and

the diplomatic fallout from it?

ALEXANDRA FIELD, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Well, there are of course two sides to this story when you talk about India and Pakistan.

So, from India's perspective, they are coming out, they are claiming very quickly that they carried out these very specific surgical strikes.

They say they were acting on specific and credible information that they were targeting a terrorist launch pad with the targeted objective of taking

out militants who are planning an attack on Indian cities.

From Pakistan, you have a very different narrative emerging. They are characterizing this as

a fire fight in which two Pakistani soldiers were killed. You've got officials from Pakistan coming out saying that the Pakistani army responded

in a befitting manner, but you do have some very strong words from the prime minister who has called this an unprovoked act of aggression, a naked

act of aggression, and he has vowed that Pakistan would respond should there be

further action.

But they are calling this an exchange of fire triggered by the Indian army's actions, Kristie.

LU STOUT: Leading up to this exchange of fire, there was that separate deadly incident a few

weeks ago in Indian administered Kashmir. And there's been growing tension in the area. What's been happening there?

FIELD: Right. This is of course a long disputed region between India and Pakistan. You've got part of it which is controlled by India. You've

got part of it, which is administered by Pakistan. And in recent years, there has been relative quiet.

But we have seen this ratcheting up of tensions, very specifically as you point out an attack earlier this month on an army base in the Indian-

administered portion of Kashmir. That resulted in the death of 18 Indian soldiers, Indian army officials in the aftermath of the attack said that

the militants who carried out the attack had Pakistani gear on them.

And this really unleashed a torrent, an outcry from people across India. They were really pressuring public officials to respond to Pakistan

in a serious and a significant way following those findings. There was a hashtag that was trending on Twitter saying #makePakpay. You had calls

from certain government officials, from the media, and from public sort of coalescing, putting pressure on

Modi to respond to Pakistan.

Today, you have India quickly taking credit for what they call this surgical strike targeting militants.

LU STOUT: All right, Alexandra Field reporting for us. Thank you, Alex.

Now, still ahead right here on News Stream, tackling a taboo in the most public way. We speak to a Bollywood legend about the idea of bringing

the issue of sexual abuse to the big screen.

And is China's real estate market spiraling out of control? We spoke exclusively to the Chinese billionaire Wang Jianlin to get his thoughts on



[08:17:07] LU STOUT: Coming to you live from Hong Kong, you're back watching News

Stream. And for decades, Indian actor Amitabh Bachchan has helped define his country's image on the big screen. And now he is tackling an issue

rarely mentioned in Bollywood: sexual abuse. In his new film, it's called Pink, he plays a lawyer representing three young women who were the victims

of unwanted sexual advances.

And as he told our Mallika Kapur, he hopes the film's message will resonate far beyond the movie theater.


AMITABH BACHCHAN, ACTOR: See, no is an entire sentence by itself, it doesn't require any explanation. No means no, and when somebody says it,

you need to stop. And the woman could be your friend, your partner, your girlfriend, your sex worker, even if it's your own wife. When a woman says

no, you stop. Because no means no.

MALLIKA KAPUR, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: You know, like you said, the movie just raises a mirror to our society. It does raise some

uncomfortable truths about Indian society, especially when it comes to the place a woman has in Indian society. How would you describe the role an

Indian woman has in our society?

BACHCHAN: I think this is not just an Indian phenomenon, I think it's the world over. Women the world over face these issues and problems.

And the west has perhaps argued, you know, fought against it with a lot of maturity and they've not had these culture barriers, and therefore,

perhaps it's said -- it's seen kind of reduction in the western countries. And we're all modernizing. We're all living with the

times. We get to see and hear and listen to what happens in the rest of the world almost immediately now, it wasn't so earlier on.

And I think that there is a great -- I think a kind of a thinking, a thought process amongst all of us of wanting equality, wanting to give

women the respect and the dignity that they deserve, women are 50 percent of the strength of any nation. That's something that I've always believed


And I films like this, or thoughts like this, do propagate the idea that, you know, women need to be standing side by side. The age old

customs of the wife walking 10 steps behind the husband has to go, and a lot of it has changed.


LU STOUT: And Pink is now in general release in India. Initial response has been positive. The cricketer, Sachin Tendulkar, tweeted to

those behind the film congratulations on creating such powerful cinema.

Now, yesterday we brought to you the first part of CNN's exclusive interview with Wang Jianlin, China's richest man. Now, the billionaire

told us how he plans to conquer the world of entertainment by taking on Disney and buying a top Hollywood studio, but he seems to be a lot less

optimistic about another area in his business, the one that in fact made his fortune: real estate.

Let's find out why from CNN Money Asia-Pacific editor Andrew Stevens. He joins su now.

And, Andrew, I mean what did Wang Jianlin tell you about the state of the world's second largest economy?

ANDREW STEVENS, CNN ASIA-PACIFIC EDITOR: Well, that's right, Kristie. Wang Jianlin's company, Dalian Wanda, is so closely linked to the Chinese

economy. It is the bigest property developer in the country, in fact in the world.

So, he has got very, very close connections to what's actually happening on the ground.

And I asked, given the fact that we have seen the Chinese economy sort of flattening out. It hasn't been falling in the last couple of quarters,

or certainly not falling dramatically. I asked him whether he's actually seen any signs of a rebound. This is what he said.


WANG JIANLIN, DALIAN WANDA (through translator): I haven't seen a rebound. I think the economy is still at the bottom for another two or

three years. The signs of a rebound in August was mainly due to the property sector, and that's not going to last. Only when we see continued

growth of industrial profits and big jumps in consumer spending can we call it a rebound. I haven't seen any such signs, but I'm still bullish on the

Chinese economy long-term.

STEVENS: What about China's rising level of debt? The growth in debt is strong, a lot of international institutions say there is a possibility

still of a hard landing for China, because of the debt situation. Do you have concerns about that too?

JIANLIN (through translator): China's debts are rising -- government, corporate, or individual debts are all increasing. So are leverages. But

I don't see the risk of a hard landing. The Chinese economy has one characteristic -- the government has strong control over it. They still

have a lot of policy tools. They can take measures to gradually reduce leverages. They can't do it too fast, as we have seen in a stock market


The problem is, the economy hasn't bottomed out. If we remove leverages too fast, the economy may suffer further.

STEVENS: Is there a bubble in the property market, a new bubble? Because prices now have been rising for over a year.

JIANLIN (through translator): The biggest bubble in history.

STEVENS: How do you see that bubble deflating? Is it going to be a crash? Is it going to be a slowdown? How do you get back to real,

sustainable property prices?

JIANLIN (through translator): It's going to be very difficult. The problem now is prices keep rising in top cities and falling in the several

thousand other cities, so the glut in medium and small-size cities is not going away. Instead, prices in top cities are pushed up. I don't see a

good solution to this problem. The government has come up with all sorts of measures,

limiting purchase or credit but none have worked.

STEVENS: Wanda has evolved so quickly from a residential real estate developer to commercial to now in the entertainment industry, the sports

industry, tourism. What is your vision of wonder in 10 years' time? What would you like it to be described as?

JIANLIN (through translator): In 10 years, I hope Wanda will become a renowned, multinational company, a juggernaut. Considering my personality

and how the company has been executing my plans, I think we will be number one in the world in real estate, entertainment, tourism, and sports.

That's our goal. And we're determined to achieve it.


STEVENS: Well, certainly no shortage of ambition with Wang Jianlin. And that has been a trademark really of his rapid rise to the very top of

the corporate ladder in China, Krsitie. But that property bubble does remain a problem, not just for him, but for the entire country. It's

difficult to see the government letting this bubble burst in the spectacular fashion that we've seen in economies like the

U.S., but certainly it is going to be something they have to wrestle with for what sounds like years to come.

[08:25:06] LU STOUT: Yeah, and as Wag Jianlin told you that interview, it's difficult for even him to see a solution from this mess.

Andrew Stevens reporting for us. Thank you.

And as Wang Jianlin, China's richest man, expands his empire overseas, he is in a position to advance Beijing's interests on the world's stage.

And that is precisely the goal of China's military under President Xi Jinping.

Now, recently named commander-in-chief, he is out to reform China's fighting force. And Mr. Xi's effort to modernize and reorganize the

military is the topic of the latest CNN On China. In this virtual explainer, we show you how and why Beijing is protecting its growing

interests in the South China Sea.


LU STOUT: This is the South China Sea, and these may not look like much, but these small, sparsely populated islands and reefs are at the

center of a heated international dispute over land and water rights involving China, the United States, and much of Southeast Asia. Nearly a

third of the world's trade passes through here on ships and valuable gas and oil deposits are believed to lie below these waters.

Vietnam, the Philippines, Malaysia, Brunei and Taiwan, all have competing claims to territory, but China is the most ambitious and the most


As you can see, China claims almost all of the sea, citing an historic boundary it calls the nine-dash line. And over here in a chain of islands

called the Spratlys, China and to some extent Vietnam, are rapidly building artificial islands, installing infrastructure all to justify their

territory claims.

Now, let's zoom in, all the way in, on a reef here known as Fiery Cross. Now, satellite photos from the Asia Maritime Transparency Institute

reveal just how much China has transformed this reef into a fully fledged island, reclaiming over 2 million square meters,

adding lighthouses, even an airstrip.

And just a few stems away, zoom into a different story -- Sand Cay Island, controlled by

Vietnam. The AMTI says Vietnam expanded the island here by more than 50 percent, adding defensive positions,gun emplacements, and trenches.

And less than 12 kilometers from here, Taiwan controls Taiping Island. It little more than a runway with a medical clinic, but it helps justify

Taiwan's claim to the region.

The dispute also spills out into the seas themselves. Anyone crossing these waters might run into Chinese military ships on drills, U.S. navy

boats conducting freedom of navigation operations, or fishermen from Vietnam, China, or the Philippines. A lot of traffic and tension that has

raised fears that this contested body of water could become a flash point between competing nations.


LU STOUT: And don't miss the latest CNN On China as we explore China's military ambitions. The program airs again on Friday, 11:30 in the

morning Hong Kong time.

You're watching News Stream. And still ahead, how education is becoming a weapon in the war against modern day slavery. Our latest

Freedom Project report when we come back.



[08:31:40] LU STOUT: The CNN Freedom Project is dedicated to shining a light on human trafficking and putting an end to modern day slavery. And

it is a cause some high school students in the U.S. are also taking up. Boris Sanchez has more on a young generation of activists fighting sex




BORIS SANCHEZ, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Audrey Daugherty is a 16-year-old senior at Coral Reef High School in Miami. She's a good student. She

wants to be a doctor when she grows up.

DAUGHERTY: So just the 10 jobs. That should be good.

SANCHEZ: She's a typical American teenager in so many ways, but one of her biggest passions sets her apart. Audrey hopes to be part of a new

generation of activists in the fight against modern day slavery.

DAUGHERTY: I think it's important to engage students because a lot of the people that are in sex trafficking are our age, girls 14 to 16,

children. And it's people that we could be going to school with.

SANCHEZ: Engaging students in the anti-slavery movement is a big goal for the National Center for Civil and Human Rights.

UNIDENITIFIED FEMALE: We welcome you today.

SANCHEZ: That's why they're hosting this workshop for college students and high school seniors, teaching them how to plan, strategize,

and ignite an activism movement against human trafficking.

DEBORAH RICHARDSON, NATIONAL CENTER FOR CIVIL AND HUMAN RIGHTS; Young people now have the intelligence, they have the tools. We're helping them

with the commitment and the strategies, and I believe that we'll get there.

SANCHEZ: Richardson is quick to draw parallels to the American civil rights movement of the 1960s when a majority of activists were students.

RICHARDSON: Those young people brought about a seminal social change in America 60 years ago. So what are the lessons, then, and how can we

apply them to modern day human rights?

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I was forced work like almost every day, all day.

RICHARDSON: The first step is awareness. Audrey says she first learned about the issue when she read a book about child sex trafficking in

India. She was moved, but she assumed it was just a third-world issue. Then she found out that sex trafficking is also happening to children her

age right here in Miami. And she knew she had to get involved.

DAUGHERTY: It was like, wow, you know, I'm stressed about school, and they're stressed about where they're going to sleep tonight or if they're

going to be abused tonight. And realizing that it could be anyone I know or anyone around me, someone I see on the streets, it was very eye opening

because I didn't think -- I had never thought about it like that before.

SANCHEZ: Daniel Alvarez had a similar experience. He's a graduate student at Florida International University working on his masters in

social work. He recently attended a course at the Center for Civil and Human Rights where he heard a quote, and it stuck with him.

DANIEL ALVAREZ, GRADUATE STUDENT: There are bad people out there working hard to exploit human beings. The good people need to try twice as

hard, need to work twice as hard to do something about it. That resonated with me and made me ask myself, what am I doing? What am I doing to help

address this issue, to help bring an end to this issue?

RICHARDSON: I feel that the human trafficking awareness campaign has done an amazing job in building awareness, but we have not done as much due

diligence in giving people tools that they can interrupt it.

SANCHEZ: Tools like boycotting businesses that haven't taken steps to ensure their supply chain is free of slave labor. Audrey says she's

learning as much as she can. And she's determined to make a difference.

DAUGHERTY: You just have to be passionate. And if you're passionate, I think people really see that, and they're like, wow, they're working with

that issue, maybe I should work with that. And I think that if I try to talk more about it and get out there, people will see what I'm doing, and

then it will inspire them to make a difference too.

SANCHEZ: Boris Sanchez, CNN, Miami.


LU STOUT: Now, at least 33 people are missing after Typhoon Megi triggered two landslides in eastern China. Several homes were just buried

in mud. And you can see here on your screen just how devastating the storm is as the high water tears down a four-story building.

The typhoon already killed at least four people in Taiwan, more than 500 were injured before the storm reached the mainland.

Now, severe flooding in South Australia left parts of that state without electricity still. And police say three transmission lines and

nine towers are down. Thousands of residents hunkered down to wait out the storm in the dark. It brought strong winds and hail,

rain down on the state. And police warned people to stay off the roads as the outage could be extended.

But some found, yes, humor in the blackout, tweeting out, quote, "anyone got a 500-kilometer

extension cord?"

South Australia is in a blackout.

You're watching News Stream. Still to come, Blackberry says good-bye to its most iconic product. And we'll look back at the era of the

Blackberry made smartphones. Stay with us.



WILL RIPLEY, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: The signs of devastation still remain as a community tries to move on. In April this

year, two earthquakes -- a 6.2 and then a 7.0, hit Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan, within just a few days.

RYOTA KIOKORO: You have to have a lot of other experts involved to really plan for disasters. So, post-disaster. OK, we survived it. Most

people survived. What happens when your whole infrastructure is devastated? How do we get people home?

RIPLEY: Home, it's what so many people here lost and what 2014 Pitzker prize-winning architect Shigeru Ban (ph) is trying to rebuild.

SHIGERU BAN, ARCHITECT: I think the victim has had terrible experiences, mentally and physically. They must move into somewhere


RIPLEY: With the warmth of natural wood and a flood of sunlight, Ban's temporary houses are able to bring dignity to disaster.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE (through translator): I was expecting metal doors and cold material when we moved into the temporaryhousing, but it was all

built by wood. It was beyond my expectation. I was crying when I got in here. I was happy to be able to live in a place like this.

RIPLEY: His approach with each project is to utilize readily available materials while creating designs that volunteers can easily

build. Using prefabricated wooden panels, Ban and his volunteers have been able to construct ten new homes.

BAN (through translator): Humans need to eat, but we also need a place to stay to make a step forward. Because we have a place to live, we

can make a step forward to the future.

RIPLEY: For Ban, he will leave the future of his temporary buildings up to the people who use them.

BAN: Many of the commercial buildings made by developers to make money in concrete, very temporary because some other developer buys the

land and destroy the building with a new one. So, even the concrete building can be very temporary as long as the buildings are made to make


But even the building as long as people love it, it becomes permanent.


LU STOUT: Now, it is the end of an era for Blackberry. The company will no longer make its own phones. Instead, it says in future, partners

in Asia, including a new Indonesian joint venture, will make smartphones with the Blackberry name.

Now, the company insists that there will continue to be Blackberry branded devices and Blackberry will continue to design, develop, and manage

the software running on those devices.

Now, this was once a common site: a business executive glued to his Blackberry. The devices were, of course, nicknamed Crackberries. They

were among the first smartphones to catch on with regular users thanks to that iconic design that included a physical QWERTY keyboard.

In a time before touch screens, this was an easy way to type out detailed messages on the go and

it enjoyed a high profile, thanks to famous fans like President Obama. For a time, it was the go-to handset for executives, politicians, celebrities.

And it wasn't just about email. Blackberry Messenger, or BBM, attracted a huge fan base of younger users. It was WhatsApp before WhatsApp.

Now, the phones are undoubtedly Blackberry's most iconic products. So what's next for the company?

Now, as we said earlier, it will still provide software for phones made by other partners, but we haven't seen those devices yet. There's

also security. Blackberry security is well regarded. Blackberry said in a statement, this move will let it focus all efforts on providing state of

the art security software for devices and the enterprise of things.

And that covers a range of services from setting up secure communication systems for the

U.S. government to developing security systems in cars.

And that is News Stream. I'm Kristie Lu Stout. But don't go anywhere. World Sport with Alex Thomas is next.