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South Korean President Promises to Resign if Parliament Asks; Plane Carrying Brazilian Football Team Crashes in Colombia; CNN Freedom Project: Tackling Demand; Israel Introduces Legislation That Might End Morning Call to Prayer for Muslims. Aired 10-11a ET

Aired November 29, 2016 - 10:00:00   ET



[10:00:16] UNIDENTIFIED MALE: There are no more survivors.


HANNAH VAUGHAN JONES, HOST: At least 75 people are dead after a plane crashed in Colombia, but miraculously some made it out alive. We'll bring

you the latest on everything we know just ahead.

Plus, Donald Trump makes a big claim on Twitter without any evidence to back it up. We'll show you his reaction when CNN and others called him out

on it.

Then, an icon of revolution and an enigma: Fidel Castro wanted to keep his private life just that private. We'll give you a rare look, though, behind

the scenes. That's coming up ahead.

Hello and -- hello and welcome to Connect the World. I'm Hannah Vaughan Jones here in London for you sitting in for Becky Anderson.

And we begin this hour with a tragedy in Colombia where at least 75 people have been killed in a plane crash. The aircraft was on its way to Medellin

in the northeast of the country. More than 80 people were on board and incredibly, officials say six people survived.

Rescuers are continuing to work at the site of the crash. It is not yet known exactly what

went wrong. And there is deep shock in Brazil as well, which is just declared three days of mourning.

Why? Well, the plane was carrying members of the country's Chapecoense football team.

CNN's Rafael Romo joins us now with the very latest from Cnn Center.

Rafael, we know that the authorities are still trolling through the wreckage trying to recover whatever they can and the cause is not yet

known, but I'm hearing some report that this flight should never have been in the air.

RAFAEL ROMO, CNN CORRESPONDENT: That's correct and that's because the they didn't have permission, the charter company, from Brazilian authorities to

have the flight from Sao Paulo to Medellin and that's why they flew out of Bolivia instead and Colombian aviation officials say the

aircraft declared an emergency at 10:00 p.m. local time, just minutes before it was to land at the Medellin Internaitonal Airport.

The pilot reported that the airplane was having some sort of electrical failure on board. Air traffic controllers gave the flight the status of

priority landing, but it never made it safely to the airport.

CNN has confirm led that 75 people have died as a result of the crash. There are six survivors,

like you mentioned. We have learned that among the survivors, there are two players of Chapecoense, a soccer team from southern Brazil, another

survivor is a member of the crew. The plane carrying 72 passengers and nine crew members, 81 people total, before it crashed southeast of the city

in Medellin in Colombia.

The flight originated, as I said before, in Bolivia. Search and rescue efforts had to be stopped at first because of poor visibility.

Access to the site of the accident, Hannah, is not easy. We're talking about rugged mountains and high altitude. Chapecoense was the team was on

its way the play game one of two in the South American Cup finals. The match was to be held on Wednesday in Medellin,

and then the second one would have been played December 7th in Brazil. Hannah, back to you.

JONES: Rafael, the 75 people who have lost their lives in this horrific crash, have they been

identified yet? Do we know any more about their loved ones who are obviously suffering now?

ROMO: Yes, about two hours ago, the official list of passengers was published. And a short time after that, the names of the six survivors

were made public. So at this point, it is expected that all of the families should know the fate of their relatives and next of kin and what

happened to them, Hannah.

JONES: Rafael Romo, we appreciate it. Thanks very much for your continued reporting on this devastating story. Thank you.

We turn to Cuba now. The country is getting ready for a large rally in Havana's Revolution Square to honor the life and of course mourn the death

of its long time former leader, Fidel Castro. Some world leaders are beginning to arrive to pay their respects to Castro. Among the first is

the Venezuelan president, Nicolas Maduro. He's a close friend and an ally of

the Castro regime.

Well, there are long lines at Castro's memorial site. Cuba is in the midst of nine days of official mourning ending with Castro's funeral service,

which will take place on Sunday at the Russian and American presidents will not be there.

Our Nic Robertson is live for us in Havana now. And, Nic, as Cubans reflect on the significance of Fidel Castro for them, what could we read

into the international dignitaries who are there in Havana and of course those who have stayed away?

[10:05:15] NIC ROBERTSON, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Well, we can certainly read into the fact that President Obama isn't going. Certainly,

we can read into the fact that the relationship with Fidel Castro with the United States was an absolutely

antagonistic one, and despite the fact that over recent years, there's been some rapprochement.

But you don't find these sort of sentiments reflected by people lining up here. They have been stream in this morning into Revolution Square here.

They have been coming in a steady, steady stream. They were lining up from 6:00 a.m. this morning about two-and-a-half hours before the doors opened.

And they're passing up behind me there up to Jose Marti Memorial, another martyr of Cuba -- up to his memorial and in there they'll file past a huge

picture of Fidel Castro.

But we've learned in the last hour or so that the doors to the memorial will close today in just two hours time. And after that, this huge

Revolution Square, as we take a look now, at the chairs that are being set up here. We're told by officials that the square here will be reconfigured

for a mass gathering later on. You're we're seeing the chairs laid out here.

This is a huge, huge square, capable of holding up to a million people. This is the square that in 1959 when Fidel Castro first came to power, this

is where he came to give his first speech and pretty much every time he's given a major speech, this has been where it's been from. So, there will

be this mass gathering. However, officials at this stage, not saying who will be in attendance, who, if anyone, will be giving speeches. There does

seem to be a sort of an upper tier chairs there as if that's for dignitaries, not clear if the Venezuelan president or any of the others,

the Cubans say, will be coming, will up there at this mass gathering.

But expect we're told a lot of people here tonight, Hannah.

JONES: Yeah, Nic, there has been a very mixed international response to Fidel Castro's death. Is there concern, though, amongst ordinary Cubans of

U.S.-Cuba relations going forward, given the fact that, of course, diplomatic relations were restored under President Obama and Donald Trump

has been pretty critical of Fidel Castro and his legacy in the aftermath of his death.

ROBERTSON: Yeah, and Donald Trump has called him a dictator and has said that really, the United States didn't get enough in return -- the release

of political prisoners, for example, is an issue that's been talked about. And certainly many, you know, Cubans who were forced to leave and fled Cuba

over the years live in the United States, feel passionately along with people here, whose family member are in jail, that those people should be


Part of the sort of diplomatic trade economic travel ties with the United States have been eased, but a full easing would require, would require

changes, significant changes here in Cuba.

The 1996 Helms-Burton Congressional Act says that there must be free and fair elections. Will Fidel -- rather Raul Castro has said he'll step down

in 2018. It's not clear what kind of transition is going to leave in his wake.

So, people here that we've talked to are not expecting a great deal of change. And they're saying that they really have to rely on themselves

rather than the outside world, the United States in particular, nice to have better ties and connections. But I don't think anyone fools

themselves at the moment that this is a country on the verge of a transition, which is going to bring about you know, a huge economic change


Certainly, I think not many of the world leaders and certainly not many people here either, Hannah.

JONES: Nic Robertson live for us there in Havana, the Cuban capital. Thanks very much indeed, Nic.

Now, some other stories on our radar today. Thailand's parliament is expected to ask the crown prince to become king. The prince will likely

accept the invitation later this week. He will then be crowned next year after the cremation of his father, King Bhumibol Adulyadej.

After taking over the Yemeni capital nearly two years ago, the Iranian- backed Houthi movement says it has formed a new government. It's a surprise move that is expected to hinder international efforts to end the

ongoing civil war there. At least, 10,000 people have died from fighting and from famine as well.

There are fresh protests in South Korea following a declaration by the president, Park Geun-hye, that the parliament should decide her fate.

She's been battling a corruption scandal for weeks now and as CNN's Paula Hancocks tells us, the president's announcement was indeed a surprise.

The options that opposition leaders had given her was effectively stepped down or we will impeach you. And what President Park Geun-hye has done has

gone for the third option, which has not really to do either, which was to say well I will resign if Parliament says that I should, so it is confusing

a fair few people, because of course the legalities of it, what exactly is the process going forward, is something that is unprecedented. People

aren't quite sure how this will affect the future dealings in the national assembly.

Some experts are saying it appears as though she's buying herself some time knowing probably that she does need to step down, but not wanting to resign


Now, what she has said is that she wants a smooth transition. This is why she's handing over the reigns of power effectively to parliament and

allowing them to make the decision.

JONES: Paula Hancocks there for us in Seoul.

Donald Trump has just named another big addition to his cabinet, appointing a fierce critic of Obamacare to what he calls his dream team that will

overhaul the U.S. health care system.

But, even as the president-elect is busy building his new administration. He's taking time to fire off tweets that are raising quite a few eyebrows

as well as concerns, of course, about constitutional liberties.

This morning, the President-elect wrote, "nobody should be allowed to burn the American flag. If they do, there must be consequences, perhaps loss of

citizenship or year in jail."

U.S. law protects that form of protest. And we will have plenty more on this tweet storm in just a moment.

But first, Sara Murray updates us on the transition process that's underway.


SARA MURRAY, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Donald Trump is barreling ahead with another round of cabinet picks today. Sources say he's slated to

name Georgia Congressman Tom Price, a fierce critic of Obamacare, to lead the Department of Health and Human Services.

REP. TOM PRICE (R), GEORGIA: The most important thing that the American people understand and appreciate is that it's destructive to their health


MURRAY: And after this teaser from Vice-President-elect Mike Pence Monday evening...

GOV. MIKE PENCE (R-IL), VICE-PRESIDENT-ELECT OF THE UNITED STATES: A number of very important announcements tomorrow.

MURRAY: More announcements could be in the pipeline today. But on one of the thorniest issues, who will fill the coveted position of secretary of

state, it appears Trump is still pondering his options. The president-elect is slated to dine with Mitt Romney tonight, a sign that the 2012 Republican

nominee is still in the running for the job, in spite of the protests of some of Trump's top aides.

KELLYANNE CONWAY, TRUMP SENIOR ADVISOR: The number of people who feel betrayed to think that a Governor Romney would get the most prominent

cabinet post after he went so far out of his way to hurt Donald Trump.

MURRAY: Adding to the intrigue, Trump plans to sit down with another candidate for the role of the nation's top diplomat today, Senate Foreign

Relations Committee chairman Bob Corker. After meeting with David Petraeus on Monday, Trump tweeted that he was very impressed.

PETRAEUS: Very good conversation, and we'll see where it goes from here.

MURRAY: But Petraeus, who's in the running for a variety of national security and defense slots, could be a problematic pick. While Trump

continually attacked Hillary Clinton on the campaign trail for her handling of classified information...

DONALD TRUMP (R), PRESIDENT-ELECT OF THE UNITED STATES: She deleted the e- mails. She has to go to jail.

MURRAY: Petraeus comes with his own baggage. He stepped down in 2012 as CIA director amid fallout from an extramarital affair and was convicted of a

misdemeanor for sharing classified information with his mistress. He's currently on probation in that case.


JONES: Now, Sara Murray joins us now live from Washington with more on this. Let's start by talking about the cabinet picks and the drip drip

announcements that we're getting.

Tom Price to the health job. It's going to astound some people, especially given the fact that

Donald Trump had has seemed to go back a bit on his pledge to overhaul Obamacare. Now, he's appointing someone who's ardently against it.

MURRAY: Well, I actually don't think it will be that big of a surprise. And it's already sort of being cheered along by conservatives in congress.

Look, Donald Trump's calling card throughout his campaign was that he was going to repeal and replace Obamacare. Now, since then, he has backed off

in some ways, suggesting that there are parts of the president's health care law that he would be willing to keep,but, again, if you look at some

of the alternatives Republicans have put out there on The Hill, some of these plans do include keeping components of the president's health care

law even if they repeal the whole thing, instilling those components in whatever they replace it with.

But you know, it certainly is the kind of pick that would have come with any sort of traditional

Republican. This is not necessarily an outside the box pick that's unique to Donald Trump, as far as

Republican picks for jobs like this go. I think a lot of people on The Hill are going to be very happy with with it, at least on the Republican

side of the aisle.

JONES: And what do you make of Mitt Romney? He's having dinner with him, I think, today. Expected to get the job?

MURRAY: Well, you know, that seems like it might be an awkward dinner, right, because he's

having this dinner with Donald Trump. They've met once before. But in the interim, in between these

two conversations, that's when we've seen Donald Trump's allies and even some of his top advisers

like Kellyanne Conway, coming out publicly and really bashing Mitt Romney.

So, I think from the Romney side of things, people are just sort of waiting to see what happens. They feel like, you know, the reason Romney got

dragged into this in the first place was Donald Trump wanted to meet him and wanted to talk to him about the Secretary of State job and then they

went through this backlash.

We do know that there are now other candidates in the mix. Obviously, Rudy Giuliani is still in

the mix, but Donald Trump is also meeting today with Senator Bob Corker, who is a potential candidate for secretary of state. So it will be very

interesting to see how this dinner goes. I think it's hard to tell at this point whether it's an indication that Trump is still taking Mitt Romney

seriously and maybe on the cusp of offering him this position, or if this is more of a condolences and thanks for being game enough to talk to me

about this position, but we're going to go another direction dinner.

JONES: Sara, stand by for a second, because though in the introduction to you, we were talking about some provocative tweets that Donald Trump have

fired off on Twitter this morning. We've got another one to share with our viewers as well. He's very cross with the media, particularly CNN, it

seems, for calling out his false claims that millions of people voted illegally, allegedly, in the presidential election.

Well, this tweet maintains there's no question that voter fraud took place in favor, he says, of Hillary Clinton. And, Sara, why is he continues to

lash out on Twitter? Why the determination to antagonize the press?

MURRAY: Well, this has been a favorite talking point of his since he got in the race. I think it's an indication that if you expected to wake up

and see President-elect Donald Trump that's different from the candidate Donald Trump, you're going to be disappointed. This is a man who has spent

a lot of time attacking the press. He's attacked specific news outlets.

He's attacked specific journalists. And I think he feels the license to continue to do so.

But the reality is he's lashing out at CNN for pointing out that there is no evidence to support his claim that millions of people voted illegally.

And we actually asked staffers on his transition effort yesterday morning on their morning call if they could provide any evidence to back up their

boss's claim on Twitter and they were unable to do so.

So, it's not just, you know, CNN and all these other news outlets and secretaries of state in these battleground states who said, look, there's

no evidence of this, it's Donald Trump's own staffers who are unable to provide the documentation to back that up.

But Donald Trump's view of what's fair and unfair is not the same as our view of what's factual and not factual. He can sort of take the opinion

that you're being unfair to him if you point out that the things he says are not rooted in fact whatsoever.

JONES: Lashing out on a freedom of expression as well with that flag burning punishment

tweet as well.

Sara Murray for now. Thanks very much, indeed. Live for us there in Washington. Appreciate it.

Still to come tonight, thousands flee eastern Aleppo as government forces continue their push to

take the area back from the rebels. Up next, you'll hear the plea from the United Nations.

And in an instant, the inspiring story of this football team turned into one of horrific tragedy.

More on some of the victims after the Colombia plane crash. That's coming up after this short break.


[10:20:40] JONES: Welcome back. You're watching CNN. And this is Connect the World with me, Hannah Vaughan Jones.

Syrian government forces are moving closer to retaking eastern Aleppo from the rebels. On Monday, the army and its allies broke through rebel lines

and now control a large part of the area. And you can see on the map, the governor gained the dark red areas just this weekend.

Caught in the crossfire, more than 200,000 people trapped there since July. The UN says about 16,000 civilians have been displaced.

CNN's Mohammad Lila joins us now from Istanbul with a closer look at these gains. Mohammad, if all Aleppo falls to the regime, what does it mean for

the remaining civilians who are trapped there?

MOHAMMAD LILA, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Well, Hannah, there is a tremendous of fear and anxiety right now among some civilians who are in

eastern Aleppo of reprisal attacks, detentions or possibly even worse.

This regime assault on eastern Aleppo was like death by asphyxiation. It's a very slow process. It's very calculated and it's very deliberate. The

regime has gone neighborhood to neighborhood, restricting, food, restricting medicine, restricting fuel and restricting movement.

Now, as part of that restriction, the regime says that they have opened up humanitarian corridors for those civilians that want to flee, but for those

civilians who have stayed, whether by choice or because they've been forced to stay by the rebels, they run the very real risk of being seen by the

regime as sympathizer with the rebels.

You have to remember that for the Assad regime, this is black and white. They see it as a struggle between their forces of the government and the

terrorist forces. They call them techfearies (ph), or terrorist elements that are trying to tear the country apart.

So, when they re-enter these neighborhoods in eastern Aleppo, for those civilians that are there, the regime might see those civilians as

sympathizing with the people that they consider terrorists. And of course that could lead to very serious consequences fort he families that are

still trapped in the eastern part of Aleppo.

JONES: Well, what kind of international reaction has there been to the speed of the events? We've had sort of almost six years of conflict now in

Syria. And the rebels now in eastern Aleppo being crushed in the space of just a few weeks.

LILA: Well, it's really quite startling when you look at how this conflict played out. At the height of this conflict, the rebels had a major

presence in nearly every major Syrian city.

Now, Damascus for the most part seems to be safe, Aleppo looks like it might be on the verge of being retaken. So the Syrian regime at this point

is probably stronger than it ever has been in the last four years.

And of course this is met with international condemnation and outrage. The UN has spoken out calling for assistance -- calling for relief, and calling

for civilians to be given a way to escape this conflict.

And as you mentioned earlier, there are now thousands and thousand of people who have just been displaced in just these last two weeks, and the

indications are that we're looking at even more civilians that could be displaced in the coming days.

JONES: Mohammad, we appreciate it. Mohammad Lila live for us there in Istanbul in Turkey. Thank you.

Well, we can see what the war in Syria looks like through the eyes of 7- year-old girl. Bana Alabed tweets about the daily horror in Aleppo with the help of her mother. Her latest tweet says, quote, "this is our house,

my beloved dolls died in the bombing of our house. I am very sad, but happy to be alive."

CNN's Jomana Karadsheh has more now on how this little girl has inspired others to post online and try to gain the world's attention.


JOMANA KARADSHEH, CNN CORRSPONDENT (voice-over): 7-year-old Bana Alabed became the face and voice of eastern Aleppo's children. Her mother, Fatima

(ph), tweeted daily, desperate for the world to see her children and hear their voices, giving the outside world a glimpse of one family's life under

siege surrounded by death and destruction as the regime's offensive to recapture eastern Aleppo intensified.



KARADSHEH: Over the past two weeks the bombs fell closer and closer. And on Sunday, this chilling tweet: "Last message, under heavy bombardment now.

Can't be alive anymore. When we die, keep talking for 200,000 still inside. Bye," Fatimah (ph) tweeted.

An air strike destroyed their home. Bana's (ph) familiar face covered in dust, clearly shell-shocked, now homeless.

"There's nothing left to be said, Fatimah (ph) told us afterwards. The whole world watched and was silent."

Others like this 31-year-old English teacher were inspired by this family.

[10:25:27] UNIDENTIFIED MALE: This is Bana and I am from inside Aleppo.

KARADSHEH: El Hamdid (ph) tweeted, he, too, "hoped the world would save eastern Aleppo and his 9-month-old baby girl, Lamar (ph)."

Two weeks ago, el Hamdid (ph) told us everyone around him was terrified. By Sunday evening, like many other civilians, he prepared for the worst.

Tweeting this, "If I die, I hope my daughter will live longer. Don't let her down to live as a free girl away of Assad's control."

Desperate call after desperate call from this living hell as the world watched. Activists and one of east Aleppo's last remaining doctors on

Wednesday sent out this plea:

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We wonder why we have United Nations. Why do we have human rights laws? This has been a slow-motion train wreck and this message

is from the people from Aleppo to the world.

KARADSHEH: Often the loudest cries for help were the silent ones.

Jomana Karadsheh, CNN, Amman.


JONES: The world news headlines are just ahead including the latest, of course, on the plane crash in Colombia,

Then, the call that could soon fall silent in Israel. We'll explain why.



[10:30:42] JONES: Let's get more on our top story now and the plane crash in Colombia. Rescue workers are still at the site of the disaster. The

latest we can bring you is that 48 bodies have now been recovered as that rescue effort continues to get underway.

75 people have lost their lives, though, 81 people were on board. Six survivor, but the latest

is that 48 bodies were recovered. And to get an idea of the terrain that the rescuers were having to deal

with. And of course what the weather was like when the aircraft crashed.

And let's get to Chad Myers who is at the CNN weather center for us -- Chad.

CHAD MYERS, CNN METEOROLOGIST: Hannah, we've always had and will have thunderstorms at this time of year in the area of the plane crash. And

even one of those thunderstorms delayed recovering and rescue as it rolled right over the crash site, but that was after the crash happened.

During the crash investigation, they will find out what really happened.

Right now, everything is still on the table. It could have been a lightning strike. There are thousands of lightning strikes in the area

every year. It could have been something else. The first tweet I think that I saw this morning about the flight was that they declared a fuel

emergency and were cleared for priority landing.

Does that mean anything? We're not sure yet. We just have to understand, very early in the investigation, and great news is there are survives to

talk about what they experienced.

This should be not an MH370 long investigation unable to find the answer. We should be able to find the answer, especially with survivors.

This is what the plane did. Came up toward Medellin, a normal approach. It makes a circle before you get to Medellin, lowering elevation as you

come down, because of the elevation, topography of the area. They make a big circle, and they get lower and lower and lower as they get closer and

closer to Medellin.

Here is the airport, here the airport coming up into Colombia. We'll take a little zoom in for you. You can see the city itself. You can see right

in here where the airport is and almost north, south, airport. But if you look at where the plane came down, it is rugged, it is

rough out there. They're going to have to go up and down these mountain sides, up and down these hillsides almost take the plane completely apart,

put it in trucks and then take it back somewhere and try to figure out what happened to this.

Everything right now, Hannah, is still on the table, including weather, including icing, including electrical failure, but also of course because

of that first tweet that we saw this morning possibility of a lack of fuel on this very last approach, less than 30 kilometers from the airport.

JONES: Chad, we appreciate Chad Myers tehre.

Well, as we mentioned earlier, among those on board, a Brazilian football team. Christina Macfarlane is here in the studio with me now for more on


How's the football world responding to this tragedy?

CHRISTINA MACFARLANE, CNN WORLD SPORT: Well, there really has been a flood of

reaction in the past few hours, Hannah. I think the strongest and perhaps the most emotional of what we've seen so far has come from the president of

the Brazilian Football Confederation.

I just want to tell you what he said a short while ago. He said we are living one of the most tragic pages in the history of Brazilian sport and I

regret deeply the loss of players, coaching staff, media professionals, managers and crew. The Brazilian confederation is taking all measures in

order to provide support for the survivors, the families of the club and may we have a lot of strength and a lot

of light to overcome this moment.

But I think what's been striking, really, is just the breadth of the reaction. We saw Barcelona Football Club, for instance, they tweeted a

picture of a minute silence they ahead of their training session earlier today and in the past half an hour, Pele, the Brazilian football legend has

also tweeteded his condolences, saying Brazilian football is in mourning. It's such a tragic loss. My sincere condolences to the families of the

deceased. May they rest in peace.

And rather symbolically and poignantly earlier today, Chapecoense changed the color of their

club emblem from green to black in mourning. And we did hear from them in the last few minutes to say that they are planning a gathering at the

stadium tomorrow where everyone they are planning a gathering at the stadium tomorrow where everyone will be dressed in white and with the white

candle, a symbol of solidarity. Everyone I think at this moment looking for a focal point for this tragedy that no one saw coming.

JONES: Kristie, sstand by for us if you will, though, because as we know, this tragedy that's affected the Brazilian football team happened in

Colombia as well. This is just one of the number of instants that have happened in the sporting world particularly.

Sports teams have been involved in many fatal crashes. Five years ago, 37 players and officials from one of Russia's top hockey teams, Lokomotiv,

were killed when their flight crashed on take off.

In 1993, most of the Zambian national football team were killed when the plane that they were traveling in crashed. 1987, 16 player from Peru's top

division club Allianz Lima (ph) were killed.

And in1958, eight Manchester United footballers and three member of the club's staff were killed when their plane crashed while trying to take off

at an airport in Munich.

So the footballing world in particular, no stranger to this sort of tragedy. Do you think, though, that it could have happened to anyone, of

course, but might it change their tactics in terms of the scheduling of games worldwide?

MACFARLANE: Well, I suppose the reality of this, Hannah, is that it's yes, it has happened and it's happened quite a lot in the past, but it's not

that regular an occurrence. It's, in fact, so irregular that it does give people pause for thought when this kind of thing comes around, in football,

there have been nine instances of football teams involved in air crashes since 1949.

I think this one, though, perhaps, one of the comments we've seen today, perhaps the most poignant came from Terino Football Club. They were

involved in a crash in 1949 and have tweeted their condolences to Chapecoense today and saying that they stand in solidarity. the it's

destiny that binds us inextricably, they said. We are with you I think we are giving many people in the football world, as you say, pause for thought

today. It's something all professional footballers do on day-to-day basis and it really could open anyone.

JONES: Thanks very much. Appreciate it.

As the former U.S. president who brokered peace between Israel and Egypt is making an

extraordinary appeal to Barack Obama. Jimmy Carter wants him to recognize Palestine as a state before Donald Trump takes office.

Carter wrote in The New York Times that the prospect of a two-state solution is now in, quote, grave doubt. He says Israel's continued

settlement building is entrenching its occupation of Palestinian lands, hastening what he calls a one-state reality that could destroy Israeli


Carter says U.S. recognition of a Palestinian state could help it achieve full United Nations membership.

Well, Israeli lawmakers, meantime, are set to vote on a controversial bill as early as tomorrow that supporters say it would cut down on late night

noise. But critics say the it's a thinly veil attempt to restrict the religious practices of Muslims.

Oren Liebermann explains how this bill could silence the loud speakers broadcasting the call to prayer.


OREN LIEBERMANN, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): A familiar sound across the Middle East. The Adhan calls the Muslim faithful to prayer

five times a day, sunrise to sunset.

This man, known as the muezzin, citing the chant, calling out from the minaret loudspeakers. Now proposed Israeli law could muffle the call to

prayer, known as the Muezzin Bill.

It says religious announcements are forbidden between 11:00 at night and 7:00 in the morning. It doesn't mention a specific religion, but its impact

overwhelmingly would be on Muslims' morning call to prayer.

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu says he has received complaints from all religions, including Muslims about the call.

BENJAMIN NETANYAHU, ISRAELI PRIME MINISTER (through translator): Israel is a country that respects freedom of religion for all faiths. Israel is also

committed to defending those who suffer from the loudness of the excessive noise of the announcements.

LIEBERMANN: Some cities around the world impose limits on religious loud speakers. But if they get too loud, Israel has a way to deal with them.

(on-camera): Critics of this bill, and they come from the left and the right say there are already noise ordinances in place to quiet the call to

prayer if it gets too loud. Some of those critics say this bill, then, is a populist attack on Muslims.

(voice-over): Lawmaker Ahmad Tibi chanted the Adhan in Israel's parliament to protest the bill. His anger he says is a reflection of the Arab

community's anger.

AHMAD TIBI, LAWMAKER: We are against it. We will continue to be against it. And I am calling my people not to respect such a law.

LIEBERMANN: Support has come from Christian churches whose leaders say this is turning peaceful religion into dangerous politics.

FATHER MICHEL SABAH, LATIN PATRIARCH OF JERUSALEM: They are using and misusing religion to incite each people to kill the other. That's problem.

Do not use religion for your politics, especially not use religion as an incitement.

LIEBERMANN: The Muezzin Bill is latest iteration of the Israeli- Palestinian conflict. But when the conflict touches faith, it could become

something else entirely, a religious struggle as the sound of the Muezzin becomes the noise of the conflict.

Oren Liebermann, CNN, Jerusalem.


[10:40:02] JONES: And Oren Liebermann joins us now live from Jerusalem. So, this bill is not intended reportedly to discriminate against any one

religion, but it's certainly not likely to be perceived that way.

LIEBERMANN: Right. And that's because the specific limiting hours on noise would, again, overwhelmingly affect only the morning Muslim call to

prayer. That's why this bill has critics on both the left and the right who also say it's a completely unneccessary bill. Israel, like many other

countries I would say perhaps every other country has noise ordinances in place. If you get too loud, if you violate those ordinances, police can

enforce that law.

It's rarely ever enforced here. And critics of the bill say just enforce that law instead of trying to pass this new one.

Both the Muslim leaders and Christian leaders have come out against this bill urging a civil

disobedience of it, urging louder calls to prayer and in some cases, even ringing of church bells. We'll see, this bill could come to a vote as

early as tomorrow. We'll see where it goes from there if this law is enforced, if it actually passes.

JONES: There's obviously a lot of criticism about the bill, but is it likely to pass in the knesset?

LIEBERMANN: If it comes out of committee where it is now and is introduced into the knesset floor, this is a right wing government that is likely to

pass the bill. It will have to go through a bit of a process. It has to go through three readings and three separate votes, but that can be fast-

tracked and it can be moved through the knesset and become law fairly quickly.

JONES: Oren, I want to ask you, as well, about another story we just brought up before coming to you. Jimmy Carter, the former U.S. president

urging Barack Obama to recognize Palestine as a state. How's that being received in Israel?

LIEBERMANN: Well, haven't seen any response to these most recent comments, but President Carter has been criticized from many aspects of the political

community here. He's viewed as a critic of Israel, specifically on how Israel treats Palestinians. He's a very vocal supporter of a two-state

solution of America, recognizing a state of Palestine. And for that reason when he was here, many politicians refused to meet with him. So I'd expect

with these latest comments, the latest op-ed he has written, it would be more of the same. Criticism from many in the Israeli government, yet he is

unfailiningly in support of a two-state solution and wants President Obama to do more on that in his last month and a half or so.

JONES: We'll see what happens, if Barack Obama responds in any way to that request from his predecessor, Jimmy Carter.

Oren Liebermann live for us there in Jerusalem. Thanks very much indeed.

And live from London, you are watching Connect the World. Still to come on the program, fighting human trafficking with hip hop. We'll take you to

Oakland, California. That's coming up next.


[10:45:54] JONES: You're watching CNN. This is Connect the World with me Hannah Vaughan Jones. Welcome back.

And to the U.S. state of California now. The city of Oakland recently shut down its streets for an unusual reason. A hip hop concert designed to

raise awareness about human trafficking. The CNN Freedom Project is bringing you a whole week of special coverage looking at the trade of human


Our Sara Sidner has more now.



SARA SIDNER, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): A hip hop concert with a noble purpose. The city of Oakland closing down a busy section of downtown to

send a strong message, human trafficking has no part in this city.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: We exciting to be announcing the launch of

SIDNER: The site cracks down on demand for the sexually exploited by encouraging people to photograph the license plates numbers of vehicles of

suspected sex minors. Once uploaded to, police send a warning letter to the address where the vehicle is registered.

The concern is whether the site itself could be exploited with license plate numbers being sent in anonymously by people looking to cause problems

for the owner of that vehicle.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: This is an innovative approach. Every innovation has risks but we have already sent out 200 letters and not got a complaint.

SIDNER: The city like many others around the country is hoping to fight back against the commercial sexual exploitation of children. It's an issue

front and center in Oakland and the San Francisco Bay area.

In September, four officers were fired as a part of a department-wide sex scandal that began last fall. One has pled not guilty. An 18-year-old

former prostitute alleged she had sex with police officers when she was 17 in exchange for money or tips of upcoming raids.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The city of Oakland is one of the hot spots for human trafficking but it is more shameful to be silent about it.

SIDNER: While the scandal rages, the city's concert festival organizers and performers are resolute, saying this is a chance to write a new chapter for

the future for the city.


SIDNER: Sara Sidner, CNN, Oakland.


JONES: Well, on Wednesday, a teenaged refugee in Athens tells us how he and other young refugees like him end up tangled in the sex trade just to



UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It's shocking. It's shocking, really, it's shocking. You know, they are desperate. There's no way out, unless we find money.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE (through translator): I am not doing this because I like it. If I wanted to do something nice, I would date a girl. I was forced

to do it because I had no money. Otherwise, I would stay with a girl instead of going with an old man.


JONES: Well, it's all part of the CNN Freedom Project special series, Tackling Demand.

Live from London, this is Connect the World. Coming up on the program, he was larger than life but very little was known about his private life. A

look at Fidel, the man, through his family.

And a street artist with a difference. Meet one young man who is blurring the lines between art and every day objects.


[10:51:18] JONES: 21-gun salute were fired at the same time in Havana in Santiago de Cuba on Monday as Cuba continues to mourn the death of Fidel


His political activity was so influential that he became known across the world by his first name. However, very little was known about Fidel

Castro's private life, especially in the later stages of his life.

Patrick Oppmann has this side of the story.


PATRICK OPPMANN, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: For over five decades, Fidel Castro basked in the spotlight. World famous for his fatigues,

cigar, and defiance of 10 U.S. administrations. But one thing he refused to share with the public, his family life.

In his final years, Castro lived on the outskirts of Havana with his wife, sons, and grandchildren in a heavily guarded compound.

The few images taken inside his house were the work of son and personal photographer Alex

Castro, who granted CNN a rare interview just a few weeks before Castro's death.


OPPMANN: Fidel Castro's personal life is so private, most Cubans know next to nothing about his family. Insiders say Castro wanted to portray himself

as totally devoted to his revolution. One rare exception came early in 1959 when Castro and his eldest son, Fidelito (ph) spoke CBS's Edward R.


EDWARD R. MURROW, CBS NEWS: Wasn't Fidelito (ph) supposed to be with us tonight?


MURROW: Hello, Fidel Jr.


MURROW: That's a very good looking puppy you have there. Is he yours?

CASTRO JR.: No, somebody gave it to my father for a present.

OPPMANN: Fidelito (ph) later grew a Castro-esque beard and became head of Cuba's nuclear program. He appeared destined for a prominent role until a

falling out with his father, who stripped him of his official duties. Only after his ailing father stepped down and Uncle Raul took power did Fidelito

(ph) make public appearances again, including this 2015 cigar dinner with models Naomi Campbell and Paris Hilton.

Another son, Tony Castro, is known for winning fishing and golf tournaments in Cuba.

A senior official in the Cuban baseball league, Tony has welcomed back to Cuba the same

baseball defectors his father once banned.

As they are virtually unknown in Cuba, it is not Fidel's children, but brother Raul Castro's, who

seemed poised to carry on the family name.

UNIDENITIFED FEMALE: Oddly enough, Fidel's children are not very politically ambitious. Most of them have inherited their father's

intellectual bent and are involved in the sciences and medicine. He has -- Fidel has one son, Antonio, who is the head of the Cuban baseball league,

but baseball is hardly national politics.

Raul's children, on the other hand, are very engaged.

OPPMANN: Engaged and in public Raul Castro's daughter, Mariella (ph) is a member of parliament and runs a center to promote gay and transgender

rights. Her brother, Alejandro (ph), who came Monday to pay respects to Fidel Castro in Revolution Square is a colonel in Cuba's feared

counterintelligence services.

Alejandro (ph) led the secret talks with the U.S. that resulted in normalizing ties.

A former professor of his says Alejandro Castro will continue to protect the Castro family's interests.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I have a lot of respect for him. I think he has the material to become a leader. And he's doing his job very well, from what I

know. It is a national security job, but he it very well. And he has charisma.

OPPMANN: Raul Castro has said he will step down in 2018 and it could be his side of the

family that is better positioned to play a key role in Cuba's future.

While Fidel and Raul Castro said they didn't want the revolution to become a family dynasty, but with the passing of Fidel Castro and the eyes of the

world on Cuba, it soon may be the time for the next generation of Castros to take center stage.

Patrick Oppmann, CNN, Havana.


[10:55:28] JONES: Well, Cuba is no strange to street art. Havana is filled with incredible

murals decorating its reach -- rich colonial architecture. From the late Fidel Castro, of course, to the revolutionary leader Che Guevera.

Meanwhile, half a world away, we meet one street artist who is bringing Paris to life with works of art sometimes lasting just a few days, rather,

and today, they are your Parting Shots.


UNIDENTIFIED MALE: My artist name is (inaudible). I come from Faris, France and I'm an artist.

Most of my street works are in Paris because I live there. My artworks are not permanent because of my technique. Most of the time, I use felt tips

(ph). I prepare my drawings in my studio with ink and acrylic and paper. And when I'm ready, I simply glue them to the wall.

I don't hide my identity because I don't consider my artistic approach as form of respect.

I can spend a few weeks to work on a very complex work. Just pure words and a simple work.

A work stay intact just for a few days, or for a few years.

I paint about everything. I take my inspiration from everyday life, but I never give a clear political message. I prefer to let people think about

what I show and make their own opinion.


JONES: And do remember that you can get in touch with the Connect the World team day and night. Just head on over to

And you can get in touch with me directly on Twitter as well. I'm at @HVaughanJones.

I am Hannah Vaughan Jones, thanks so much for joining us here on Connect the World today.