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The Crocodile's Bite; A Grim Wait; Crippled Country; Zimbabwe's Future; Myanmar And Bangladesh To Repatriate Rohingya; CNN Rides Along In U.S. F-16 Fighter Jet; Yemen Port Opening; Argentina's Navy Sound May Be From Explosion; Trump Thanks U.S. Military Member For Service; Facebook To Show Users Russian Connections; Life In A Rebuilding Syrian Town; CNN's Gets Rare Access To Pope's Farm; Rohingya Children Healing Through Kite Flying. Aired at 10-11a ET

Aired November 23, 2017 - 10:00   ET


[10:00:15] BECKY ANDERSON, CONNECT THE WORLD, CNN: Cosmic change or a real revolution on Zimbabwe will wait for its new leader to be sworn in. An in

celebration are in and criticism we look at the man many known as the crocodile and his bite. Ahead also this hour, Argentina agony, families

of the missing submarine is wait anxiously for news, we are at the scenes for you. And locating a broken country, we are live in Yemen as millions

awaits the opening of what is a crucial sports.

A very warm welcome to you, it is just off 7:00 in Abu Dhabi, I am Beck Anderson and this is Connect the World. And we begin with news just in to

CNN. Argentina's navy said an unusual sound heard on the day that one of the submarines went missing may have been from an explosion. Now crews

from the U.K. and Russia have joined the hunt. The sub went missing of course eight days ago and experts warned the crew on board may be running

out of oxygen. Families and friends clearly desperate for news, they been gathering the base where the crew was due to arrive and a lot more on that

with our reporter in Argentina momentarily.

Before we do that, to Zimbabwe which is heralding its future while being haunted by past. On the one hand there are big promises from the incoming

that leader as he prepares to be sworn in, he is offering peace and prosperity, but what about practicality? Well that is what the opposition

wants to know they are demanding a guarantee of next year's elections are with the release of political prisoners. Then there is the man they call

Comrade Bob of course, a living ghost in his own nation.

Military says former President Robert Mugabe and his wife have been granted immunity from prosecution and that allows them to stay in the country.

Well Faria Sevenzo joining us from Harare and so a new chapter Faria for Zimbabwe begins or doesn't?

FARAI SEVENZO, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Very good point Becky, we had just been out to the town, a place I know well. It is of course where Robert Mugabe

common live for many of their struggle years. But now it's in opposition, a strongholds and here is a couple of voices, well one voice, about what

people are stating of this new man.


UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I am now 30, I have never experience another president. Our employment is 99.5.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Mnangagwa and (inaudible) they must come together, work together, bring (inaudible) to election in order for an election to be



SEVENZO: There it is, there are people are saying, I mean let's think about Becky, you saw the mood on Harare's (inaudible) in the last few days.

The euphoria, the ecstasy of just getting rid of Robert Mugabe, if Mr. Mnangagwa will go for election tomorrow. I have no doubt in my mind, he

would probably win it. But again those voices from the (inaudible). One of them told us that look it is a different pair of feet, but it is the

same shoes. And what shoes are those? They are ZANU-PF shoes. Everything about Emmerson Mnangagwa as he announce his return yesterday, was

reinforce. This is not an apparent coup done by parliamentary sitting or an impeachment done by parliament. This was ZANU-PF, cutting out his own

rot, from within the party.

ANDERSON: Cutting out its own rot and now being led by a man who has a big history in the country. Just reminders, who is Mnangagwa Faria?

SEVENZO: Emmerson Mnangagwa is the chief security, he is the man the technical brains in ZANU-PF, and he is quite an expert in terms of legal

and parliamentary affairs. And even as we dodge this, how this coup that they are calling operation restore legacy came about, there is no doubt now

that he was actually the puppeteer, the puppet master. He said that he was in charge of all the service, now he is history. Of course 40 years or more

besides Robert Mugabe accused himself of gross human rights abuses in the growing massacres of course in 2008 with the election of this country. He

is the one that she is his history.

[10:05:02] Of course 40 years or more besides Robert Mugabe accused himself of gross human rights abuses in the growing massacres of course in 2008

with the bloody election of this country. He is the one who pulled Robert Mugabe back from the brink of defeat by the chair of the joint operation,

or the others of the intelligence, army, and militias and of course people --- I say look, he is, if not as bad, but he as Christians to answer. And

now the news that you just announce to Mr. Mugabe's immunity, well that is not sitting too well with many Zimbabweans but that is how politicians

makes their deals.

ANDERSON: Yes, that is in person.

SEVENZO: Exactly Becky, the local ministers like Jonathan who you know he was the biggest, largest (inaudible) about the support for Grace Mugabe now

in hiding in South Africa. Are this people then to be thrive those who didn't get immunity? Are this equations are Zimbabweans wants to see some

kind of answer and we will find out hopefully in the next few days.

ANDERSON: Faria, very, very briefly, will he stay, I mean the offered immunity does not believe. Will he stay? I am talking about Bob Mugabe


SEVENZO: Robert Mugabe has no other life, he lives in the Zumba, and he is 93 turning 94 in February. Even though we don't want to look at but

mortality is beckoning Mr. Mugabe to try that edge, he is actually in terms of mortality in the departure lines. Watch what happens with his wife

which are so vociferous in trying to get in position after he is gone. The immunity is not forever for her.

ANDERSON: Faria is in Harare in Zimbabwe. Faria, I appreciate it thank you for while people in Zimbabwe are painting their hopes on political

change the economic picture remains dire. A senior IMF official said Zimbabwe's growth is handed by high government spending on unworkable

foreign-exchange scheme and inadequate reforms. The country's not been able to borrow from international lending for decades after defaulting on

its debt.

Richard Quest here in Abu Dhabi with me this week. The IMF warning that Zimbabwe needs immediate economic reforms, is it an obvious quick fix at

this point?

RICHARD QUEST, EDITOR AT LARGE: Absolutely not, I mean what the IMF says in a statement from the country representative is these three things deal

with the debt, deal with the currency and deal with the economic crisis. None of those can be easily dealt with. The issue is whether Mnangagwa is

prepared to put in place those policies. I spoke to lawyer Robin Renwick, he was like house agreement talks about Rhodesia through Zimbabwe and he

has known the man and he says that Mnangagwa could potentially be the right person.


ROBERT RENWICK, BRITISH HOUSE OF LORDS: He is much more pragmatic than Mugabe. Mugabe was pursuing an agenda of his own mainly to stay in power

until he dies. That was his overwriting objective which is not succeeded, but Mnangagwa will try to get investment back into the country, he will try

to reduce Zimbabwe's isolation. He lost and tried to held on to power so he has to be Judged now by what he does for instance in fact (inaudible)

was the first class finance minister back in to the government to try to help that would be a good sign, whether or not they will accept.


ANDERSON: Fascinating from Renwick.

QUEST: Yes, because he was there, he saw the talks, he had bad feelings about what was going to happen with Mugabe, but the pragmatism of Mnangagwa

he says might be able to deal with history. They are not mincing around. I mean behind that program in the 90s but was a disaster, but this time

they say it's the debt for deficit and it's the dollar, deal with these things these now before you start looking for his own investment.

ANDERSON: So when we call this a difficult situation, I mean that can be more on the statement - where did cash come from? If they wanted cash

injection and a quick one, where would it come from?

QUEST: IMF and regional lenders, African development bank, and China. China probably has a greater stomach for the long-term investment that

make, they may take to turn Zimbabwe route. Fundamentally that the government needs to slow down its spending, needs to deal with its deficit

and it needs to deal with its currency issues, the real question is all the people for bad -

[10:10:02] ANDERSON: That is exactly the last question to you, of course, how do they cope?

QUEST: Well supposed you have nothing, nothing but a bit more pain is perceive to be price worth, long-term of economic development.

ANDERSON: Long-term.

QUEST: Oh yes. Absolutely.

ANDERSON: I have heard the expert talking about how they are prepared to get back and help out now. And that is good to hear, those who do have

simply moved away from the country so they can cope anymore, Richard thank you for that.

This week now to another crisis we had been keeping an eye on. U.S. Secretary of State taking a strong family Rohingya refugee crisis in

Myanmar belatedly that for some at Rex Tillerson is labeled Myanmar military attacks on the Rohingya Muslim ethnic cleansing. He didn't use

that term while visiting the country last week saying it needed further investigation. After he did call it ethnic cleansing, Myanmar and

Bangladesh signed a deal to send those refugees possibly hundreds of thousands of them back across the border to Myanmar. CNN Ivan Watson has

the latest for you.


IVAN WATSON, SENIOR INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT, CNN: Becky after months of immense suffering allegations of appalling atrocities as well as the

exodus of more than 600,000 Rohingya Muslims across the border from Myanmar to the neighboring Bangladesh, now officials from both countries have

announced an agreement for the repatriation of these refugees. We don't have a timeframe yet. We don't have details about how this could be

implemented, but this is a sign of a step or for both governments trying to come to some resolution of this crisis.

Now is not clear also what fresh diplomatic pressure from the U.S. government what will that may have played in pushing both governments to

announcing this repatriation agreement for the first time the U.S. Secretary of State has used very tough language against the Myanmar

government over this crisis. Rex Tillerson issuing a statement that said quote these abuses by some among the Burmese military, security forces and

local vigilantes have caused tremendous suffering and forced hundreds of thousands of men women and children to flee their homes in Burma to seek

refuge in Bangladesh. He went on to say it's clear that the situation in northern Rakhine state constitutes ethnic cleansing against the Rohingya.

The Myanmar government has flatly denied accusations that it security forces have engaged in what one U.S. state department official described as

systematic planned and organized ethnic cleansing.

If there's going to be a repatriation program, implementation will be key will traumatized people, dare to go back to their home villages some of

which have been burned. Will any of them have any documentation left to prove that they once lived in Myanmar and the agreement is not clear

whether it will get the (inaudible) of the crisis which is that historically the Myanmar government refuses to recognize the citizenship,

the citizen's rights of this community of Rohingya Muslims denying them access to healthcare, education and even the rights to travel freely within

the borders of Myanmar, Becky.

ANDERSON: Ivan Watson reporting. Well another diplomatic headache for the U.S. President in the region. Tensions on the Korean peninsula American

fighter pilots training with the South Korea, in preparation for potential conflict with the North. My colleague Alexandra Field went a long for the



ALEXANDRA FIELD, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: In a few seconds it is fully vertical. U.S. air force captain Kyle call sign Diesel takes us

straight up to 13,000 feet. I am strapped in the back straining to stay conscious. Feeling the gravity and the weight of it all. That is the

commander of the eight fighter wing called David Schumacher and this happens every day. A practice face off with North Korea.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We practice some of the basic maneuvers for air to air or some of the basic bombing pattern or bombing maneuvers. We also

practice the ability to survive and operate on the ground.

FIELD: The southernmost U.S. airbase in South Korea, it is home to U.S. F- 16 fighter jets squadrons. Flying time to North Korea, 12 minutes.

[10:15:00] UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Time is measured on a clock it is measured in casualties the faster we can get on the job the less casualties will see

particularly in Seoul on the opening volley of that war.

FIELD: In war time some can experience up to four times the number of service men and women currently serving here. In the central of the U.S.

and South Korean operations and a prime target.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We expect that North Korea is going to target any of our military bases that are here on the South.

FIELD: What kind of threat that North Korea present that we face here.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: So we worry about their short range missiles here and we know that they have chemical weapons at their disposal.

FIELD: They stay ready to defend from ground invasion from North Korean Special Forces and take the fight north from the air.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Obviously have an air to surface capability, being able to take up long-range artillery that we would be bombarding Seoul.

FIELD: This is the third tour that comes on for Col. Schumacher. It's undeniably different. We know that North Korea has advanced in the nuclear

capabilities and its missile capabilities.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: here is a mindset shift of why it is so important and the seriousness with which all of the airmen and soldiers here are based

are our exercise training.

FIELD: This is Diesels third flight in two days. He puts us on the ground as the sun sets, the supersonic jet now quite, and its pilot always ready.

Alexandre Field CNN airbase South Korea.


ANDERSON: Also on this show tonight a horrifying scenario tending to nightmare reality in Yemen, but now a possible step pose to resolution.

That is up next. We are taking a very short break, back after this.


ANDERSON: A country suffering from cholera on the brink of famine historically dependent on imported food is being denied almost total access

in the past two weeks. Now the waiting game, all this food sitting around just waiting to be let in. This is Yemen, this is her data.

[10:20:00] A story you know we cover regularly on Connect the World and we will continue to do so I'm Becky Anderson, welcome back it is 20 past 7:00

in UAE. The Saudi led coalition says it's reopening the key portal for data and some airport in Yemen allowing humanitarian and relief materials

to past through. Now, last week the coalition allowed Farai in the country only through areas controlled by Yemen recognized governments the Saudi and

the United Nations said then, the ports controlled by the Houthi's including all data required topic inspections in an effort to stop the

smuggling of arms to the rebels. That came at a cost, a significant cost to civilians who lost access to food and fuel shipments this has been

described by many as the absolute catastrophe will save the children team all now on the ground in Yemen and Nadine Drummond from that brief is

joining us live from Saudi. You must be delighted to hear this news at this crucial port will open up. Are you confidence that will happen?

NADINE DRUMMOND, SAVE THE CHILDREN SPOKESPERSON: I think Becky that we are grateful that many people's needs had been listen. Because the ports are

only been open for humanitarian aid. And we actually need a commercial agent for the country that more than eight people sent of Yemen's import

come through the data, it is grateful to have humanitarian aid in the country, but it doesn't serve the needs of the people by a long shot.

ANDERSON: And talk to us about the Yemeni people if you will. It is very, very difficult for me to get into the country and very difficult for us to

report on the ground. You are inside now, just describe what he was seeing and hearing there.

DRUMMOND: Every week I travel to the fields and watch children starving to death, by the end of this year up to 50,000 would have died for

malnutrition. When you see children so weak they can't turnover, when they are crying. They can't even turnover, it is hard to put into words what I

see, actually it is heartbreaking and when you compare that to 900,000 people suffering from cholera (inaudible) remotely imagine and the blockade

is actually - (BAD AUDIO)

But it doesn't serve humanitarian - humanitarian principles, what we need is full action and that is - humanitarian imports, commercial imports and

also allow journalist to come back to the country.

ANDERSON: I am sure, perhaps I should not see many things when I am conducting interview so I wipe, how many of those that you have spoken to

on the ground as you get out in to the areas that is so stricken by poverty and how many of them are talking about politics to you, is it all?

DRUMMOND: They are not talking about politics, people are just trying to survive, some us live patriot to patriot, and this people live hour to

hour. Politics is something that they care about, they care about how they are going to feed their children, how they will pay their rent. A

catastrophic increase in water born diseases. The fewer the transportation of Germany is actually to power the generator, power the pump, that keep

water supply clean. If there is no fuel, there will be no clean water. Water has gone out probably by thousand percent in (inaudible) and 470

percent in (inaudible) there is tap on the water at the moment which is horrendous, but there is nothing we can do about it. This is what happen

when access is restricted and air, sea and land ports are clotted.

ANDERSON: With that we are going to live it there, we thank you for joining us tonight describing what you are seeing and hearing on the

grounds we talks so much about politics and why these things happen and we need to continue to expose exactly what is happening on the grounds and

thank you.

[10:25:09] All right will that save the children for you this evening, a story that we will continue to tell. Still ahead, U.S. President Donald

Trump thanks troop serving abroad and what is the U.S. thanksgiving holiday but also suggest all Americans should thank him for putting the country on

an event of past. Stay with us.


ANDERSON: It is just before half past 8:00 in the UAE. I am Becky Anderson in Abu Dhabi for you this is Connect the World and a breaking new

story coming in to us at CNN as we told you at each other they show. Argentina's navy says an unusual sound heard on the day that one of the

submarines went missing, may have been from an explosion. Searches have been scattering the ocean. The submarine was last heard from eight days

ago and it's a submarine still intact, will the crew on board will be running out of air. That was on its way to a Basin Mar del Plata in

Argentina. Stefano Pozzebon is there and I know that at this stage after so many days families are gathering at the base behind you, how did they

react to this news that we have just heard, this explosion and found it on board, Stephan?

[10:30:03] STEFANO POZZEBON, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Yes, Becky, the reality, dramatically and a very dramatic rescue, as soon as the news conference in

Buenos Aires which is about 400 kilometers north from Bahia Blanca, the Naval base where I am at the moment.

As soon as the navy confirmed that these noise could have let tension to an explosion -- it turns out significant that there was an explosion on that

pacific feasting off (Inaudible), blasted the San Juan made its home base here in Bahia Blanca.

As soon on the news came out, where this seen a constant stream of cars of the relatives the and friends of those 44 crewmembers, 43 men and one woman

who are still listening to San Juan and who have been leaving the base in here.

So you're going to see just behind us, there's been a lot of movement, a lot of drama, the police is trying to keep the situation calm but some of

the relatives came out and they confirmed they -- it seems they are starting to lose hope.

Because as you said those eight days are critical because as the explosion -- if there was an explosion and the San Juan has not been able to reemerge

from to the surface of the ocean seems it fell on the bottom.

And if you just -- it really did stayed indeed for seven days in the bottom of the southern Atlantic Ocean, the oxygen tanks maybe already have run

out. Becky.

ANDERSON: How are those families gathered at the base behind you coping?

POZZEBON: Yes, the families have started to come here since -- just before the last weekend and we spoke with many of them yesterday. And until

yesterday, and even this morning they were out and they were hopeful and actually sure that it will be able to hike their relatives here very, very


These news conferences up in Buenos Aires changed everything and now were seeing people introducing the same themes desperations, Becky.

ANDERSON: How are the international communities helping out? I know there have been quite a lot of offer of help. What is the right at this point

and how does it integrate into the effort -- this rescue or this emergency effort.

POZZEBON: Yes. Absolutely. More than seven countries at least have offer help. We have seen across vessels from -- from countries such as Brazil,

the U.K., the United States have sent two aircrafts and several vessels to lead the research -- the whole searching are is coordinated by Argentina.

Just a note, the searching hour of the operation is an area that is vastly in the country of Spain, is a massive stretch of sea in the southern

Atlantic Ocean. With its depth, it can go down as much as 2,000 meters.

That is 2 kilometers below in the sea surface. So it's really a vast amount of water that these massive sorts of operation is trying to scan,

running out of time working around the clock and working against trying to just find the submarine as quickly as possible. Becky.

ANDERSON: Stefan is at the base in Argentina as relatives continue to wait and hope, thank you. Well, it's Thanksgiving in the United States and

President Donald Trump says Americans have a lot of be thankful for he said.

Just a short time ago, he spoke via teleconference to troops serving abroad. Mr. Trump said they have the support of the entire nation and

suggested his administration is helping them succeed saying they quote, they won't letting you win before, end quote.

Well earlier he told all Americans of the country is on out swing, he took credit on Twitter for jobs on the rise of breeding stock market and a lot


Well, let's bring in Joe Johns in Palm Beach, Florida where President Trump is spending the holiday, at his Mar-a-Lago resort, and asking Americans to

be thankful for him, Joe.

JOE JOHNS, CNN CORRESPODENT: That's true, Becky. The president indicating in his view to the U.S. troops that they are now winning because his

ministrations since he came to office is allowing them to win.

Also praising the U.S. economy and telling the troops essentially that when they get back to the United States, the economy will be strong in part

because of the tax cuts of the president wants to deliver very soon.

But it started it out very traditional today and not so traditional yesterday when there were personal attacks and the president reveling some

harsh criticism against an American citizen in a long ongoing feud.


[10:35:00] DONALD TRUMP, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: It's my prayer that on this thanksgiving we begin to heal our divisions and move forward

as one country.

JOHNS: President-elect Donald Trump vowing to unify the nation before taking office. Mr. Trump spending his first Thanksgiving as commander-in-

chief in Florida, where he's airing his grievances in a series of tweets, insisting he was the one who deserved credit for the release of three UCLA

players arrested in China for shoplifting.

LAVAR BALL, FATHER OF LIANGELO BALL: If he said he helped, that's good for his mind. If you helped, you shouldn't have to say anything.

JOHNS: President Trump slamming LaVar Ball as an ungrateful fool and a poor man's version of Don King after he repeatedly refused to thank the

president for helping bring his son home.

The president also reigniting his feud with the NFL, blasting Commissioner Roger Goodell for a new idea of keeping teams in the locker room during the

national anthem.

President Trump's defense of embattled Alabama Senate nominee Roy Moore is putting him at odds with members of his own party, who've called for Moore

to drop out. Mr. Trump all but endorsing Moore.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Is an accused child molester better than a Democrat? Is an accused child molester better than a Democrat?

TRUMP: He denies it. Look, he denies it. He totally denies it. He says it didn't happen. And you know, you have to listen to him also.

JOHNS: But despite the president's comments, the Republican National Committee and the National Republican Senatorial Committee refusing to

restore funding to Moore's campaign.

Now, Moore's campaign communications director has resigned after the mounting allegations against the Senate candidate. Trump now insists he

wants Moore to win to advance his agenda. A critical vote needed to pass his tax reform bill.

TRUMP: We don't need a liberal person in there, a Democrat.


JOHNS: On top of talking to five separate branches of the service by teleconference today all over world. The president right now is at a coast

guard station not far from Mar-a-Lago meeting with individuals who represent the military there, praising not only those people who serve the

United States government but also his administration for the changes that have taken place since he took office. Becky.

ANDERSON: As people begin to gather for their Thanksgiving dinners and argue also as it were whether they support or horrified by their U.S.


I'm sure those conversations are going on around tables around the United States of America and if we would just to do a bit of liftman's test on

where he is, a year in and what he needs to achieve before Christmas in this short period of time. What is it that you would say?

JOHNS: I would say the president's big goal and the things that most people in his part, either Republican Party would like to see him

accomplish is one large signature legislative achievement before the end of the year.

Right now, the big thing that the president has done so far has got of Supreme Court Justice on the bench but that issue of a legislative

achievement such as getting the tax cuts that he is promoted on the campaign trail and once again in Washington on his desk for his signature

would be the number one priority for this president right now, Becky.

ANDERSON: Joe Johns on the story for you. Happy Thanksgiving, sir. You have probably heard by now that Russian trolls infiltrated social media

during last year's U.S. presidential election.

If you haven't, you may have been somewhere in awfully long way away because this story had donated the headlines, isn't it? For some time now

creating all kinds of fake pages and accounts that distort the truth and inflame social divisions.

But do you know if these fake sites came across your feed and you were actually duped by them. Do we know that? Well, Facebook is now rolling

out a new tool that could help you find out a bit caveat though not everyone will have access to this new tool. CNN's business and technology

correspondent Samuel Burke joining us now to explain. Sam, who will get to see this and who won't?

SAMUEL BURKE, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Becky, this has a lot of people scratching their head because on this surface, it would sound like a

positive step that Facebook is rolling out these tools, so that you can check and see what I wanted people who saw this Russia linked content.

But if you read between the lines, what Facebook saying is only the people who took the step of liking one of these accounts and of course you would

have known that it was an account based in St. Petersburg because they had these American personas, only who liked or follow these pages will know

when they access the tool that you're seeing right now on your screen.

[10:40:00] But keep in mind that is a much smaller group compared to the amount of people who were served up these ads. Keep in mind that they said

it first. It was just 10 million Americans who saw it then 126 million.

We now know 150 million people saw these ads on Facebook, Becky. That is more than the entire U.S. electric but those people, the vast majority of

them won't be informed with this stool.

ANDERSON: Because they didn't like it, right? I get that.

BURKE: Exactly.

ANDERSON: Just how important this is. I'm beginning to think perhaps not that important but what is important, there are tools in the future that my

flag state accounts to use it. Or are those in the mix at this point?

BURKE: Well, this is what is troubling here is because Facebook says that this tool will only tell you if you saw ads between July of 2015 and August

of 2017 when they took down these fake accounts because they didn't use their real personas.

And so what Facebook and the other social networks are basically signaling about is that they believe they have taken care of the problem. They're

looking to see, are these accounts coming from St. Petersburg or from Texas.

If they're coming from St. Petersburg, we're taking them down. So basically what they're trying to assure us is, don't worry. We have this

problem solved but given just how successful these Russia linked accounts were, going under the radar even having Mark Zuckerberg saying, at the end

of the election there was no way Facebook could have had an effect.

It might make you think that they might be capable of circumnavigating these systems to not be seen or right now no tool that will tell you in

real-time if these Russia linked accounts are still out there.

And of course were coming to grasp -- grasp with this in many places beside the United States. Here in the U.K. we've now seen the evidence that very

same accounts were also meddling in Brexit.

ANDERSON: Samuel Burke in the house out of London for you as he points out. Thank you, Samuel. Live from Abu Dhabi, this is our home at this

Middle Eastern programming hub for CNN. Coming up, what was once a prison in Syria is now a school. We'll show you life in town once ruled by ISIS.


ANDERSON: Welcome back. Quarter to 8:00 in the evening here and what is the last of the working week in the Middle East or certainly some parts of


Twenty-four hours ago, Russia posted a summit on the future of Syria but on the ground, towns swept clean of ISIS are already grappling with how to

face the days ahead and where to look for help. CNN's Arwa Damon visited one of those towns near the Turkish border. She filed this report.


ARWA DAMON, CNN CORRESPONDENT: And around about where ISIS used to display the heads of its victims there is brand-new Turkish post office.

[10:45:00] It's complete with an ATM. A man we meet takes us just around the corner to his cousin's home.

He was one of ISIS' first victims but the family here does not want to be relive the unspeakable pain if the past. They place her brother's head

just at the front of the door.

It was Syrian rebels backed by Turkish military that drove ISIS out of Jarablus well over a year ago. And since then, Turkey has gone all in with

reminders of that everywhere. Turkey is funding a fully functioning hospital with Turkish expertise to bolster the Syrian towns.

It's also supplying the town with electricity and water, and working out for the local police force and as they call themselves the free Syrian army

rebel units that are in the area.

Turkey has multiple recent warnings to both militarily and financially invest here. It wants to secure its own borders that wants to stop the

Syrian-Kurdish at advance and it is hoping that by creating safe zone, their relatively prosperous, Syrian refugees will perhaps begin returning

to their home land.

Jarablus' population has swell to around 70,000, about three times its original inhabitants and Turkey hopes to use Jarablus as an example to

prove others that its patronage brings progress.

Along with everything else, Turkey is also funding schools, cramped with children from all over Syria, eager to learn after having been deprived for

so long.

This school used to be an ISIS camp for the caliphate training site and a prison. Five-year-old Wahab (ph) may never understand why her parents

deserted her.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: (Speaking Foreign Language)

DAMON: She said that her father left when the ISIS fighters left along with them, abandoned her in the rest of the family.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: (Speaking Foreign Language)

DAMON: Furious scars run deep and there is no certainty that its future will be any kinder to its people from its past. Arwa Damon, CNN, Jarablus,



ANDERSON: Life coming back to that town. A long way to go there. You are watching Connect the World. I'm Becky Anderson to you live fro, Abu Dhabi

just after quarter 8:00 here. Coming up, nobody has Thanksgiving quite like New Yorkers. Well' take you there next.


ANDERSON: (TECHNICAL DIFFICULTY)... president said ever before but as New York has proved time and time again, they are a resilient bunch on a out in

force as you can see.

There it's 10 to 11:00 in the morning and what looks like a very, very cold Thursday in New York City in like this day parade, live pictures for you

out of New York. Well, he may be at the helm of one of world's mist practice religions.

But the pope still has to eat, right? Curious where he get his food from then? Well, Delia Gallagher has got rare access to a people food paradise

to sample some of its earthy offerings.


DELIA GALLAGHER, CNN CORRESPONDENT: It is harvest time at the Pope's farm. Yes, the Pope has a farm in the hills outside of Rome where a basket of

fresh produce is prepared for his kitchen every morning and sent down to the Vatican. It includes a few of Francis's favorite things.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE (through a translator): He likes Cauliflower and broccoli.

GALLAGHER: Cheese, yogurt and milk made daily from 30 cows raised the Castel Gandolfo formerly the summer residence for Popes. Alessandro Reale

is the head farmer here. He shows us the garden where vegetable seeds from the White House gifted to the pope by President Obama in 2014 are planted.

ALESSANDRO REALE, HEAD FARMER, POPE'S FARM (through a translator): The seed are under the earth now, we hope in the springtime with the help of

goats to be able to pick the cucumbers, carrots and zucchini from the Obama's.

GALLAGHER: The 62 acre property has 1,000 olive trees, more than half of them date back to the year 1200. And the farm produces small number of

bottles of olive oils each year for the pope and officials who live in the Vatican.

Rigorously cold pressed using granite stone to make sure the oil being extracted and ruined the flavor, a staple of the Italian table, the head of

the farm is proud of its high quality.

There are chickens, too, who feed on the remnants of communion wafers made by cloistered nuns, who live on the property. With only seven workers, the

farm is a family affair said Alessandro Reale, a family with the whole father at its table. Delia Gallagher CNN, Rome.


ANDERSON: Well, in parting shots tonight, we revisit the crisis involving Myanmar's Rohingya community. Ethnic cleansing as the U.S. has finally

labeled it but whatever its being cold in capitals around the world, the reality of the ground is of course was a heartbreaking one. Some are

working to bring some joy to the lives of the youngest and most vulnerable victims. Have a look at this.


ANDERSON: They have witnessed the unimaginable. It seems no child should have to endure, robbing them of their childhood. According to UNICEF, over

350,000 Rohingya children are being forced to flee their homes.

Walking for days, often without food and water. Before reaching refugee camps like this one in Bangladesh, over crowded and chaotic. Now, a space

where kids can be just that -- kids again. Remembering how to play and even laugh, building their own kites out of water bottles and pieces of

wood. Giving a sense of freedom and post at a time we need it the most.


[10:55:00] ANDERSON: If you want to help, we have links on our website organizations working on the ground. You can learn a lot more about what

these men, women and kids are all going through. That is, and it is really important.

Well, you can always follow this story -- this team, my team, team work with me, working on through out the day in crisis in Yemen, really an

incredibly important one towards particularly as we are in this region, the transition of power in Zimbabwe and of course the state of the Rohingya


All of these and more on the Facebook page,, that is I'm Becky Anderson and that was Connect the

World. From the team here in Abu Dhabi, those who work with us in Atlanta and in London, thank you for watching and for those of you who are

celebrating, a happy Thanksgiving. We'll leave you with these scenes from New York.