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CNN 10

A Missile Defense Drill in Japan; Government Reopening in the U.S.; Appeals by Russian Athletes; The Future of Retail

Aired January 23, 2018 - 04:00   ET


CARL AZUZ, CNN 10 ANCHOR: This is CNN 10, your 10-minute down the middle daily explanation of world events. And I`m your host, Carl Azuz. Great to

have you watching this Tuesday.

Jumping right in as always -- for the first time since World War II ended in 1945, the Japanese capital of Tokyo held a drill that simulated a

missile attack. Part of the drill, as you see here, was staged in an amusement park. It took about 10 minutes from start to finish,

instructions came out through text messages and a loud speaker, and people who volunteered to participate moved quickly and calmly to some designated

safe areas, most of those were underground.

Dozens of drills like this have been held across Japan in recent months. Like the U.S., Japan is a rival of North Korea, and Japanese Prime Minister

Shinzo Abe says that the missile threat from North Korea has made the security situation in Japan the toughest since World War II.

Japan has been making large purchases of military equipment recently, mostly from the U.S. And critics are concerned that Japanese leaders might

be working toward expanding the military beyond its role of self defense, and they accused the Japanese government of politicizing the threat from

North Korea.

Japanese government officials say the two intercontinental ballistic missiles that North Korea fired over Japan last year are reasons why

emergency drills are needed.


NICK PATON WALSH, CNN SENIOR INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Nuclear weapons are terrifying devices, but much less of a threat until they are carried in

a distance (ph) by a ballistic missile.

These ballistic missiles normally follow a curve. They fly into the air and follow and follow a predetermined trajectory until they hit a target.

This requires intense preparation and testing.

So, who has those and how can we defend against them?

Thirty-one countries are known to have ballistic missiles. Twenty-six have missiles that can travel at least 300 kilometers. And twelve are known to

be able to reach a thousand kilometers.

Eight countries` missiles fall into the last category, reaching at least 5,500 kilometers. These include ICBMs, intercontinental ballistic

missiles, that can fly half-way around the world.

Now, these are just the missiles that we know about. There`s an underground trade in some of this technology, traded illegally on the black

market. That`s thought to have happened after breakup of the Soviet Union. Iran has also been accused of providing missile technology to Houthi rebels

in Yemen.

So, what can nations do to defend against them? The more they spread, the greater the focus on missile defense systems. Eighteen countries already

have invested in some form of these vastly expensive systems, and five more are in the process of developing or purchasing them.

But that didn`t solve the problem and it`s unclear how effective they are. For instance, two countries that the U.S. sees as threats, North Korea and

Iran, have far more missiles than the U.S. or any other country has interceptors. So, really, the U.S. or its allies need a strategy to deal

with hostile missiles before they`re even launched.


AZUZ: With the 2018 Winter Olympics and Paralympics just weeks away, the Court of Arbitration for Sport is about to get very busy. That`s the court

of appeals and that dozens of Russian athletes who were banned from competing in the games are hoping the Court of Arbitration can clear their

names and allow them to take part in the Olympics.

After an investigation into alleged doping, illegally taking drugs to perform better, the International Olympic Committee banned 43 Russian

athletes for life. Forty-two of them are appealing. Many of them say they`re part of, quote, collective punishment against Russia, a nation

that`s historically been an Olympic powerhouse. The country has repeatedly denied that it had a doping program for its athletes, but investigators say

Russia had a system that allowed hundreds of athletes to cheat.

The entire Russian Olympic Committee has been suspended from the 2018 Winter Games so any banned athletes who are cleared will not be allowed to

compete under the Russian flag or the Russian national anthem.

After almost three days of being partially shut down, the U.S. government was expected to reopen last night. Legislation to temporarily fund the

government and keep it from shutting down had been held up in the Senate, where Democrats used a filibuster to block it. They mainly wanted an

immigration agreement to be reached before they move forward with government funding. Republicans who control the Senate with a slim

majority wanted the government to reopen before negotiations on immigration continue.

Yesterday, the two sides reached what was called an arrangement. Republican leaders promised that the Senate would consider an immigration

bill in February and most Democrats then voted to end the filibuster, leading to the reopening of the government. The tally was 81 in favor of

moving forward, to 18 against.

The shutdown was set to end after the Senate, the House of Representatives and the White House all signed off on the funding legislation.


AZUZ (voice-over): Ten-second trivia.

Which of these grocery chains was the first to open in the U.S.?

Albertsons, Winn-Dixie, Piggly Wiggly, or Publix?

1916 was the year when Piggly Wiggly open its first store and it`s created as being the first modern self-service grocery store.


AZUZ: Is this how we`ll get groceries one day? You use your smart phone to get into a store. Hundreds of cameras track where you go and what you

pick out. You load stuff into your bag and you walk out. No cashier, no check out, no cash.

After you leave, your credit card is automatically charged for what you took.

This is the idea behind Amazon Go, a convenient store in Seattle, Washington, that just opened to the public yesterday. According to the

BBC, it has had some problems in the test phase, keeping track of shoppers with the same body types or groceries that were moved to the wrong shelves.

But if it catches on, it could significantly change the shopping experience. It could also reduce the number of cashier jobs available.

But it`s one example of how technology is filling a bigger role in retail.


REPORTER (voice-over): At first glance, this looks like any other Madison Avenue Menswear Store. But take a closer look.

(on camera): The first thing you notice, well, there`s only one of every item on display. And there`s only one size as well. And what about where

you pay? Where are all the cash registers?

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: You can think almost like the physical manifestation of a Website.

REPORTER (voice-over): Andy Dunn started Bonobos online 10 years ago. Five years later, he began opening physical stores. Or are they eye?

(on camera): This is essentially not a store, is it? This is just a showroom.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I don`t know what it is. We call it the guide shop.

REPORTER (voice-over): They now have 48 of these so-called guide shops in the U.S., offering a one-on-one fitting experience. And then, you just

place an order online.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: So, we have here, you know, probably no more than 1,200, 1,400 square foot space where we`ll able to put in thousands and

thousands of styles.

REPORTER: It`s a concept so successful that last year, Walmart bought the company for $310 million.

(on camera): Is it wild to think that you`re now part of the world`s biggest retailer?

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It`s wild. We thought offline retail didn`t matter when we started the company. We thought the future was all digital. It`s

really both.

REPORTER (voice-over): That future could mean rethinking not just store size and inventory, but also the people who work there.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: What`s inside of is an unattended, fully automated store.

REPORTER: Deep Magic uses artificial intelligence which recognizes all the stock on the shelves and tracks your every move.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: So, we`re using camera technology, like you remove something from the shelf, then we basically assume you`re buying it. And

if you walk out the door, we basically bill your credit card.

REPORTER: They hope to launch in stores this year, amid formidable competition.

Amazon has been testing its own cashier-free grocery concept, Amazon Go, for the past year.

(on camera): Should everyone in retail be afraid of Amazon do you think?

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I mean, I belong to Walmart, so I`m not afraid of it. But I think that the combination of having both great physical experiences

with being digitally innovative, I think the combination is the most powerful thing.

REPORTER (voice-over): And just like with as perfect pair of stretch washed chinos --

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: That actually is going to get us the right ratio.

REPORTER: -- it`s all about getting the right balance.


AZUZ: Super blue blood moon kind of sounds like the answer to a "Jeopardy" before and after question. But if you`re able to see the satellite on

January 31st, you`d see a near super moon named for when the moon is closest in its elliptical orbit of Earth. You could see a blood moon named

for its red color during a total lunar eclipse, and you`d see a blue moon, a name for the second full moon in a month. Hence, super blue blood moon.

So, regardless of whether you`re feeling super or blue or super blue, or even if you`re seeing red, you don`t need to be a blue blood to shoot for

the moon, lasso the moon, or think someone hung the moon to go moony-eyed or over the moon, over the moon. You just have to look up to see something

super and get stars in your eyes.

I`m Carl Azuz for CNN 10.