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Republican Intelligence Memo Expected To Be Released Soon; Civilians Forces Underground As Afrin Bombarded; London Mosque Attacker Sentenced To Life; Migrant Worker Trapped In Life Of Slavery In Jordan; Excitement In Pyeongchang Ahead Of Games; World Headlines; Kenyan Court Orders Government to Restore TV Stations; The CEO Who Saved Sony is Stepping Down; Experts Protect Elaborate Art at Sistine Chapel. Destination South Korea: Gangwon Province. Aired at 8-9a ET
Aired February 2, 2018 - 08:00 ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
[08:00:00] (COMMERCIAL BREAK)
KRISTIE LU STOUT, CNN ANCHOR: I'm Kristie Lu Stout in Hong Kong and welcome to News Stream.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
LU STOUT: President Trump lashes out at law enforcement leaders in an early morning tweet ahead of the expected release of the memo alleging FBI
Civilians underground -- an exclusive report from Syria where people are caught in the Turkey-Kurdish fighting. And final countdown -- Athletes and
delegates arrive with one week until the Winter Games in South Korea. We take in all the final preps and challenges.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
LU STOUT: And we are indeed on memo watch this hour. U.S. President Donald Trump could OK the release of a controversial intelligence memo at
any moment now.
This memo was compiled by Republican Devin Nunes who heads the House Intelligence Committee. The document is said to show the FBI abused
surveillance laws in the investigation of the Trump campaign's possible ties to Russia.
The president has a five-day window to block its release but Mr. Trump is already indicated he wants to make it public. Despite the objections at
the FBI and key Democrats who say it is misleading.
Two sources tell CNN President Trump and has told friends, he believes the memo will expose bias in the FBI and make it easier to argue the Russia
probe is prejudiced against him.
The president is already up tweeting. Our senior White House correspondent, Abby Phillip, joins us live from Washington. And, Abby, why
is it that Trump wants to release this memo? Is it all out to undermine the probe?
ABBY PHILLIP, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Hi, Kristie. Well, it seems very much that that is what t president believes. He's been telling his friends, as
you just mentioned, that he thinks that this is going to expose the FBI as a biased institution and he tweeted to that effect this morning.
He sent out this message directed at the top officials of the FBI and the Justice Department saying top leadership and investigators of the FBI and
the Justice Department have politicized the sacred investigative process in favor of Democrats and against Republicans, something which would have been
unthinkable a short time ago.
Rank and file are great people. So, there you see, Kristie, the president trying to thread this line because these criticisms of the FBI have really
kind of shaken that institution to its core. And the president has been trying to emphasize that he doesn't want this to be seen as an indictment
of rank and file law enforcement officers.
But at the same time, this allegation of bias within the FBI that taints the entire investigative process will surely touch on the rank and file
members who carried out that investigation. The president at this moment, not backing down on this criticism despite his own FBI saying, they don't
think that this memo is at all accurate.
LU STOUT: Yes, there has been so much talk and tweets about this memo. Washington is holding its breath for its release. When it goes public, is
it going to live up to the hype?
PHILLIP: Well, that's a really good question. There are people within this White House who don't think that it will, who think that this memo
might actually be a dud and that there might be a price to pay politically for this whole saga.
But the president is on a different page. He thinks it's worth it. He thinks this memo is as explosive as the Republicans on the Hill have
promise it to be.
The problem, though, is if the president is looking for a rationale to fire someone at the Justice Department, say, for example, the Deputy Attorney
General Rod Rosenstein who is in charge of the Mueller investigation, he would need cause.
Will this memo provide him with that cause? We don't yet know. But some people who have seen it say, it may not be enough. And in fact, it may
very well just be a dud.
LU STOUT: Yes, and it has -- has the damage already been done just from the feud over the memo. I mean, is this already undermining among
Americans' trust and faith in the FBI and the Department of Justice?
PHILLIP: You know, if there -- there is a question of what happens to the FBI and the Department of Justice after this. I think this is something
that people those organizations are very, very concerned about.
But at the same time, there is also a question of whether or not the conversation about whether or not this memo is political, is undermining
the very argument the president wants to make.
You know, that's something that Republicans are weighing right now, and many of them, especially on the Hill, have come down on the side of the
memo, believing that it is worth it to have this memo released, even if they are accused of attacking law enforcement, and even if they are accused
of turning the intelligence gathering apparatus of the United States Congress into a political entity.
So it's unclear where the American people will come down, but very clearly, the president believes that this is all going to be worth it for him at the
[08:05:06] LU STOUT: Abby Phillip reporting live in the White House. Thank you, Abby. Now, civilians in the northwestern enclave of Afrin have
been driven underground due to Turkey's cross border military incursion against U.S.-backed Kurdish militia.
Turkey claims that the militia has fired more than 50 rockets across the border into Turkey and return, Ankara has been shelling that are saying, it
is targeting terrorists, both Kurdish fighters and ISIS. But in this exclusive report, Hala Gorani, shows us that as in almost all military
operations, it is the civilians who are living in terror.
HALA GORANI, CNN CORRESPONDENT: For these people of Afrin, life is now underground. This cave home to 12 people, a blanket on the floor, the only
comfort in the winter darkness, as they crouch waiting for danger to pass.
CNN has obtained exclusive video from inside Afrin. It shows how the threat of Turkish air strikes has driven families from across the Kurdish
enclave into caves and basements.
Many here say they've lost family members in the last two weeks since Turkey launched its offensive. And below ground, sorrow hangs in the stale
SADIQA MOHAMED, AFRIN RESIDENT (through a translator): We are poor people. My husband was killed. We have no place to go. What are we going to do?
GORANI: Eleven-year-old Yasmin says she lost her father last week, a fighter defending their village.
YASMIN ALI, AFRIN RESIDENT (through translator): My dad was killed and me, and my mom, and my brothers are all here in the cave. It is really dark
here so we are scared because it is really noisy. They're conducting air strikes. What did we do to them? We are just kids. Why is this our
GORANI: This is what they are running from. CNN video shows how air strikes and artillery have shattered the street. Turkey sees the Kurds as
a threat. Its Kurdish leaders have long sought an independent Kurdish state in the region.
UM MUHAMMED, AFRIN RESIDENT (through a translator): Our homes are destroyed. This Erdogan is dropping bombs on us. We lost our homes our
children, nothing is left. Why would this happen to us?
GORANI: The general manager of this hospital in Afrin City says they're overwhelmed with the number of wounded. On one ward, a mother mourns her
10 year-old boy. Wailing, how will I ever live without you?
Doctors say he was fatally injured by Turkish bombing in the city of Al- Thawrah. Kurdish officials say scores of civilians have been killed and hundreds injured by the Turkish military so far though CNN can't
independently confirm the exact death toll.
In a statement to CNN, the Turkish government said they're only targeting terrorists and that sensitivity is shown to avoid damage to civilians and
innocent people and to the environment.
The U.N. estimates 16,000 people have been displaced across Afrin and says some civilians are being prevented from leaving by local authorities. With
no escape, people are left to find warmth and shelter anywhere they can. Hala Gorani, CNN.
LU STOUT: Now a man who drove a truck into a crowd outside a London mosque last June has been sentenced to life in prison. This was the scene on the
night of that attack.
You can see people had gathered at the site. It happened late at night after Ramadan prayers. Our correspondent Phil Black, joins us now. And,
Phil, today, the sentencing of Darren Osborne, how did the court reach its decision?
PHIL BLACK, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Yes, Kristie, so he wound guilty yesterday very quickly by a jury in less than an hour or so. Today we've heard from
the judge after he has received submissions on sentencing.
And as you say, his sentence is life sentence with a minimum of 43 years to be serve. That's after hearing from witnesses through witness impact
statements, those people who were either witnesses, who are injured by of family of the man who was killed in the attack, 51-year-old Makram Ali.
There were some consistent themes through those witness impact statements. They all talked about trauma, ongoing nightmares and fear. And the damage
that this man has done through this one violent act, in addition, we learned a bit more about the man himself.
Information that wasn't allowed out during the trial, that is his criminal record, one that stretches back more than 30 years to when he was a teen.
The judge today in sentencing him, talked about his malevolent hatred that had developed relatively quickly and declared that his punishment will be
as we say, a life sentence with a minimum of 43 years to serve.
[08:10:08] LU STOUT: You describe this malevolent hatred that he developed very quickly in almost rapid radicalization. How did that happened? What
were the sources of that radicalization and also, what can we do to prevent others from committing the same atrocity and becoming a danger to society?
BLACK: At all accounts, his radicalization did take place incredibly quickly. He was an angry, troubled man, some of him have been out of work
about 10 years. And had problems with alcohol and drugs, and I say, had been before the court many times before.
But his hatred of Islam and Muslims and racism Islamophobia developed literally within the space of weeks. The prosecutors believe it started
off when he watched a television drama series based on a true story about mostly Muslim men that sexually grooming mostly white English women.
That inspired him to go online and seek out, and binge on a great deal of right wing anti-Muslim material. None of it illegal, the police say, none
of it violent, none of it crossing that line into criminality.
But it was enough, they believe, to radicalize him and evolve him for being this angry, troubled man, into a committed terrorist and murderer. And all
of this within the space of about three to four weeks, which is an incredibly rapid change.
And you ask about what be done to stop it. That's really unclear when you're talking about someone who hasn't been on the police radar before,
someone who changes their thinking and their motivation, so incredibly quickly in this way.
What police do know is that far right extremism, far right sympathy for sort of violence is on the rise in this country. And it makes up a growing
part of their ongoing anti-terror efforts here in the U.K. Kristie.
LU STOUT: This man was rapidly radicalized. He used that hatred to attack Muslims. He's been sentenced to life in prison. What is the reaction in
the greater community there? Do they feel that this is justice?
BLACK: We are waiting to hear. As I said, this news dropped only in the last few moments but certainly I think there will be some degree of
satisfaction from people in this community.
What they're also worried about though is the lasting damage, the legacy of this attack because one man was killed, 12 injured but everyone here
continuous to feel the trauma, the pain that he inspired and caused that night and those few moments when that big, white van crashed into that
group of people outside the Muslim welfare center here in Finsbury Park in North London.
And there is, of course, growing concern about the potential for this to inspire other attacks, the potential that has sort of Islamophobia to grow
This was, in the words of Muslim activists here, the single most violent example of Islamophobia in British history. They're worried it won't be
the last. Kristie.
LU STOUT: Phil Black reporting from London, thank you. The CNN Freedom Project is shining a light on efforts to end modern day slavery.
And today, we focus on migrant domestic workers in Jordan. Jomana Karadsheh tells us about one woman who left her life and family behind in
the Philippines, only to end up trapped in domestic servitude in Jordan.
JOMANA KARADSHEH, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Isa Almaeda is learning about her rights -- rights taken away from her for nine long years. The 36-year old
now says, she knows she was a slave.
Almaeda left a life of poverty in farming in the Philippines she says with a promise of a $500 a month salary as a domestic worker in Jordan.
Almaeda says she was trapped in the hell of a foreign country she didn't know working 17 hours a day in a remote town near the Syrian border.
She knew that her rights were taken from her. But she was afraid of going outside, afraid no one will help her and that her life would be in danger,
she tells us.
Almaeda says she got $500 the first month, 300 each of the following two but then the money stopped. Her employer who kept her passport promised to
pay her she says but never did.
Her working residency permits were not renewed. So she became illegal facing thousands of dollars in fines that accumulated over the years.
In 2015 after establishing contact with her sister who traveled from Dubai to Jordan, Almaeda escaped and made it to Amman, where she says she worked
illegally trying to make up for the past nine years.
[08:15:00] She tells us what she's been through haunts her even in her sleep, wanting to send money to her family but having nothing. We met
Almaeda at the offices of Tamkeen, Jordan's only NGO specialized in providing legal aide for migrant workers. Tamkeen's founder Linda Al-
Kalash says the road to address is a long one.
LINDA AL-KALASH, FOUNDER, TAMKEEN: Communities said they don't know about the rights and some of them, they know but they're afraid to us, some kids
said, they stay in Jordan for a long time without wages, without connection with their families.
KARADSHEH: Not everyone is a silent victim. Hana is described as a community leader. When the single mother is not working to support her
three children back home, she tries to educate others about their rights.
HANA, DOMESTIC WORKER: Our agencies in Philippines just tell us, you are going there to be a housemaid and that's it. You have to work, you have to
learn how to clean and that's it. They never tell us, you have to rest. You have to eat good, you have to have your salary.
KARADSHEH: There are more than 50,000 migrant domestic workers operating legally in Jordan process. Another estimated 20,000 are working without
proper documentation. Most are expected to do all the housework and childcare. Some work for as little as $200 a month.
According to 2016 report by Tamkeen, more than 38 percent of the domestic workers interviewed did not receive their salaries on time. We also found
that many are deceived by employers who promise to pay them at the end of a contracted period but never do.
The Jordanian government acknowledges the problem but it says it's not widespread, it's individual cases. It also says it's working to prevent
the mistreatment of domestic workers from turning into a phenomenon of human trafficking.
In recent years, laws had been passed to protect the rights of migrant domestic workers. While not easy to enforce, these laws praise the minimum
wage limit working hours and employers face fines for withholding travel documents. But not all victims come forward.
AL-KALASH: My message to them, don't be afraid. Go to the police station, go to the Minister of Labor, file complain against this employer. You have
right. It's very important to empower yourself.
KARADSHEH: Almaeda's case may take years in Jordanian courts. She was deported back to the Philippines in November, leaving behind her long wait
for justice. Jomana Karadsheh, CNN, Amman.
LU STOUT: Victims must not and need not stay silent. Now the second annual My Freedom Day is just over a month away. On March 14th, CNN
partners with people around the world for the student-led day of action against modern day slavery.
And we are asking the question, what does freedom mean to you? Let us know by posting a photo or video to social media with hashtag, My Freedom Day.
Four people were shot, 18 injured in a violent brawl between migrants in the French port of Calais. Now police say the fight was between Afghan and
Eritrean migrants who use sticks and iron bars as weapons.
Calais remains home to hundreds of migrants despite closing its infamous migrant camp in October of 2016. The French Interior Ministry says that
the city has been hit with unbearable levels of violence. It says that the government will step in.
The stage is set for the winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, South Korea. The entire North Korean delegation is there. Just ahead, the message the North
plans to send the U.S. and South Korea.
Plus, Theresa May concludes her trip to China with a visit to a Shanghai Garden. She leaves with some trade agreements worth some billions of
[08:20:00] (COMMERCIAL BREAK)
LU STOUT: Coming to you live from Hong Kong. Welcome back. You're watching News Stream. The opening ceremony for the Winter Olympics in
Pyeongchang is now just one week away.
The village is already open. The athletes are moving in. The entire North Korean delegation is now in the country. And their flag is flying over the
athletes' village. Paula Hancocks has more on what's happening in Pyeongchang.
PAULA HANCOCKS, CNN CORRESPONDENT: There's a lot to toast to in Pyeongchang these days, this group of friends is making the most of the
local cuisine and a splash of the local liquor. Barbecue and soju, two Korean specialties that will be in abundant supply for the month of
JEAN SHIM, OWNER, WOW KOREAN BBQ: For us as a restaurant, it's a fantastic opportunity to introduce Korean barbecue to the world. So it is very
HANCOCKS: Nick Gasson traveled from New Zealand to help the Olympics preparations, his company makes artificial snow.
NICK GASSON, ARTIFICIAL SNOW MAKER: Little snow, there isn't much but what we'd be able to make has been really amazing.
HANCOCKS: Everywhere you look, snowmaking machines are working overtime. The one thing the organizer cannot control, the weather. They're hoping
the games put Pyeongchang on the map, encouraging a winter pilgrimage to South Korea in years to come.
Probably one of the biggest boosts to this region after the Olympics is over is this, the KTX, the fast train that runs from Seoul to Gangnam on
the East Coast of the country where many of the Olympic venues are in less than two hours.
It usually takes around three hours if you're driving but to be fair, the traffic means, that usually takes a lot longer. Those in the Pyeongchang
region feel much closer to the capital now.
Improvements in infrastructure many think wouldn't have happened without the games. South Korea says this will be the biggest Olympics in history
with more athletes than ever before, even some from the Northern neighbor who they're still technically at war with.
A united women's ice hockey team with players from both North and South Korea suggesting President Moon Jae-in's early claim that this would be the
Peace Olympics may not be as implausible as critics once thought.
For residents themselves, the games have been good for business before they even start. Paula Hancocks, CNN, Pyeongchang, South Korea.
LU STOUT: In a letter to the United Nations, North Korea has asked the warmer relations on the Korean Peninsula be welcomed but Pyongyang also
says that the U.S. and South Korea go ahead with the military drills after the games, the North Korea will not, quote, sit idle.
Now, the U.S. and South Korea rescheduled their drills until after the Olympics. Now let's bring in our, Paula Newton, from the site of the
Olympic Games in Pyeongchang. Paula, thank you for joining us.
One week before the games. Excitement is high but there is of course a shadow of North Korea. So how convinced are organizers that these games
will go smoothly?
PAULA NEWTON, CNN CORRESPONDENT: I mean, look, Kristie, they are feeling so much better than they were just a few weeks ago. When I was here in
December, you know, they had another ICBM launch and no indication at all that North Korea was going to send athletes to this game.
Now, a few weeks later, you've got hundreds of North Koreans here and the athletes themselves, 22 of them, including that unified North Korean-South
Korean women's hockey team. And believe me, they are breathing a side of relief.
I mean, in terms of what you just highlighted though, is everything going to go back to the tension that there was here on the Korean Peninsula after
the Olympic Games? Likely.
But for right now, officials believe that in the next few weeks, they can guarantee the participation of North Korea and mean that it can, in fact,
be a showcase for what the president here wants it to be, which is those peace games.
LU STOUT: And, Paula, there's another concern ahead of the games, this recalling it, aggressive flu outbreak that's happening in both North Korea
and South Korea.
[08:25:03] How serious is this?
NEWTON: Yes, and I think so many people relate to this from all over the world in terms of the peak flu season. And what's hit them by surprise
here though is, what was I just talking about? The fact that hundreds of North Koreans are here.
Well, flu season is very much at its peak in North Korea. And from their own statistics, there are many people there suffering from the flu, not as
many here in South Korea.
But, of course, it is worrying. I mean, Kristie, we've been talking about security for these games for years. And yet this is still real issue.
They do not want something like a flu outbreak going through, especially the athletes' village here.
I mean look, the precautions are the same as they are for everyone. There isn't much you can do about it. The flu shot wasn't that effective this
year anywhere. But it's, you know, keep clean hands, keep contact as much to a minimum.
The last thing anyone wants is to have that flu spread, especially through those athletes that really want to be at peak performance. Listen, they
don't need another thing to worry about here.
They are keeping an eye on it, trying to take all the precautions they can. But they're hoping they can stave off any kind of a flu outbreak wile they
It's another thing to add to the list, Kristie, but I have to tell you, excitement is building. And at this point in time, a week out, people just
want the games to begin because at that point, everyone can hopefully concentrate on what should be some spectacular performances.
LU STOUT: Absolutely. Precautions have been taken, the excitement is building. Paula Newton, reporting live from Pyeongchang, thank you so
much. We'll talk to you again soon.
Now authorities are investigating a fiery crash in Shanghai. The driver lost control of his van after suddenly it caught on fire. He veered onto
the sidewalk crashing into pedestrians.
The driver himself was badly injured. He is in a coma. Now, 17 other people were also hurt, though none thankfully seriously. Police say the
driver was smoking while transporting hazardous materials illegally.
Just kilometers away from that accident, the British Prime Minister Theresa May was holding meetings with Chinese officials. Shanghai was the last
stop of her three-day trip to China.
Mrs. May stopped by the city's View Garden with her husband Philip, but the purpose of this trip was strictly business. She in fact signed more than
$12 billion worth of trade deals. The agreements are set to create some 2,500 jobs in the U.K.
You're watching News Stream. Still to come in the program, a media shutdown isn't going away in Kenya, even though the court is ordering the
government to let broadcasters to get back on the air. We've got an update, next.
And maintaining Michelangelo's master piece -- we head to the Vatican to see what it takes to protect his Sistine Chapel's priceless painting.
[08:30:00] LU STOUT: I'm Kristie Lu Stout in Hong Kong. You're watching "News Stream" and these are your world headlines.
Donald Trump is accusing law enforcement leaders of politicizing the investigative process. Early morning tweet coming as we await the expected
release of Republican memo, alleging that the FBI abused its surveillance powers in the Russia probe. FBI and intelligence officials warn the memo
distorts the facts and could jeopardize intelligence gathering.
A man who drove a truck into a crowd outside a London mosque has been sentenced to life in prison with a minimum term of 43 years. Darren Osborne
had been convicted of murder and attempted murder.
More than 900 trapped miners have been rescued from a gold mine in South Africa. They got stuck after a storm knocked out power to the mine on
Wednesday. Authorities say the miners were in an area that was well ventilated and had access to food and water deliveries.
Kenya's government seems to be ignoring a court order to let the country's TV networks get back on the air. Three major stations went black on Tuesday
just as they were planning to broadcast the mock swearing in of opposition leader Raila Odinga. The government claims the shutdown was prompted by
security concerns but many are calling it censorship. Farai Sevenzo has more.
FARAI SEVENZO, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Responding to a petition by a private citizen in Kenya, the high courts ruled today that the
government must with immediate effect restore all television transmissions.
Remember when Mr. Raila Odinga staged his mock swearing in, the government reacted by switching off the feeds of three of the major networks in this
country. This has brought about new debates about press freedom, about what the constitution allows journalists to do, and indeed what is the
The government is adamant that Mr. Odinga's swearing in or mock swearing in, though it may be, was an illegal act. And they are now accusing members
of the media fraternity of trying to increase the tensions that this so- called illegal acts might have caused.
Now with the court's decision, who aim to sit on February the 14th to hear this petition in its full entirety remains to be seen, whether the
government of Kenya will now switch on those transmissions as ordered by the law, but it has left a sour taste in the mouth of journalists.
Many people, including some of the top journalists in the these stations are remaining in hiding because they fear that the government in trying to
stop them from doing their work may actually arrest them.
Farai Sevenzo, CNN, Nairobi.
LU STOUT: Now, Kazuo Hirai, the CEO who saved Sony, is stepping down. Let's get straight over to CNN Money's Sherisse Pham for more.
SHERISSE PHAM, CNN TECH AND BUSINESS REPORTER: The man who saved Sony is making way for a new leader. Sony announcing today that CEO Kazuo Hirai is
handing over the reins to Chief Financial Officer Kenichiro Yoshida. Hirai is saying he has dedicated himself to transforming the company and making
it profitable, saying it excites me to hear more and more people say that Sony is back again.
Hirai had led Sony to a stunning turnout. When he took over as CEO in 2012, he inherited a business that had not turned a profit in four years. The
Japanese company once known for innovative gadgets like the Walkman had turned into a stuffy conglomerate.
Hirai went about bringing Sony back from the brink. The company now consistently reporting huge profits. And he proved Sony could still be on
the cutting edge, introducing gadgets like the PlayStation VR and relaunching Sony's robotic dog, Aibo.
Hirai will step down as CEO in April, but he won't be leaving Sony. He will be staying on as chairman of the company he helped rescue.
Sherisse Pham, CNN, Hong Kong.
LU STOUT: This just in to us here at CNN. The United States has added 200,000 jobs in January. The unemployment rate remains at 4.1 percent.
We're going to have analysis about half an hour from now on "CNN Money" of course with Maggie Lake. She will be live from the New York stock exchange.
Now, Rome is a city packed with tourist attractions and the Vatican's Sistine Chapel may be at the top of the list. Although visitors can't
actually touch Michelangelo's masterpiece, they are damaging it. And that's where expert art restore is going to take over.
CNN's Delia Gallagher went inside the chapel to see what it takes to protect its precious frescoes.
DELIA GALLAGHER, CNN VATICAN CORRESPONDENT (voice over): The Sistine Chapel is getting a checkup. For a whole month each year from 5:30 to
midnight when all the tourists are gone, a team from the Vatican comes in to clean it, check for damage, and report on the health of some of the
world's most treasured art.
It's a painstaking process. Scaffolding must be erected and taken down each night and cannot be attached to the walls to avoid damaging the paintings.
One of the biggest problems of the Sistine Chapel is humidity, 25,000 visitors a day post a risk for the paintings.
[08:35:00] FRANCESCA PARSEGATI, CHIEF RESEARCHER, VATICAN MUSEUM: You know, our bodies are made of water, so when we visit the Sistine Chapel, we
bring in humidity, and we heat. Everybody heat the environment like a bulb we say, 80-watt bulb.
GALLAGHER (voice over): Humidity causes condensation and a veil of salt forms on the famous brass post painted in the 1400 and 1500 which damages
the color and the plaster its painted on.
A laborious technique brushing distilled water onto thin Japanese paper removes the salt layer. To combat humidity, there are 30 hidden sensors
measuring temperature, air circulation, and number of visitors in the chapel. Dr. Victoria Cimino, the Vatican's conservationist, monitors the
air quality in the chapel.
VICTORIA CIMINO, CONSERVATIONIST, VATICAN (through translator): The temperature must be between 22 to 24 degree Celsius. Humidity must be
medium-high. They are very precised markers and we have to verify that the system respects them.
GALLAGHER: The frescoes in this chapel are over 500 years old. Back then, there was no artificial lighting. The only light that came in was daylight
through these upper windows. And, of course, being the Pope's private chapel, far fewer people came through here as well, so cleaning and
restoration wasn't really a priority then.
Today, with new technology and lighting, not only is there better cleaning but it has revealed to restore the original colors used by Michelangelo.
(voice over): The world was shocked after a cleaning and restoration in the 90s to discover that Michelangelo actually used vivid greens, purples
and reds because for centuries it was assumed that he painted in dark subdued tones, but that was only the accumulation of dirt and grime.
The next time you're in the Sistine Chapel, look out for this, little blacks marks, squares and triangles on some of the paintings. They're
called witnesses deliberately left as evidence for future restores to give an idea of just how dark the paintings were before.
To make sure the color stay vibrant, a color team measures any changes to tone by taking pictures of the frescoes with a multi-wavelength camera
which is then analyzed by a computer. Dr. Fabio Morresi is in-charge of color analysis.
DR. FABIO MORRESI, VATICAN SCIENTIFIC LABORATORY (through translator): We can see the color of every single pixel and compare it throughout the
years. It's important because we can detect any changes even before they are visible to the human eye.
GALLAGHER (voice over): A behind the scenes labor of love so that the past may continue to brighten our future.
Delia Gallagher, CNN, Rome.
LU STOUT: Fascinating look there. Next, we have a spectacular sight for you ahead in the program from an icy festival in Pyeongchang where hundreds
braced the freezing temperatures for some fishing fun.
LU STOUT: That is Hong Kong on a Friday night. Welcome back. You're watching "News Stream." CNN has been reporting on Gangwon Province. Every
year, hundreds flock to this area for a special sight. You're looking at one of South Korea's most beloved winter activities. This is a Pyeongchang
[08:40:00] fishing festival. Isa Soares takes us out on to the ice.
ISA SOARES, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice over): Pyeongchang in winter is a place of snowy reverie and frigid landscapes. At an average elevation of
750 meters and 10 temperature dropping as low as negative 10 degrees, this is one of the coldest regions in all of South Korea.
But that doesn't stop people from flocking to the frozen (INAUDIBLE) and enjoying one of the country's most beloved winter time activities, ice
In preparation for the fishing bonanza, some 3,800 holes are drilled into an 80-acre stretch of the froze river. Throughout the year, the cold and
clear waters of Pyeongchang provide the ideal condition for raising trouts.
Between December and February, those farm-raised trouts are released through the holes drilled into the frozen river. This year, more than 40
centimeters thick. Then anglers of all ages drop their colorful lures into the same holes and wait.
The Pyeongchang trout festival is in its 11th year. Committee head Kim Young-Koo (ph) said that this year, he's hoping to clear a million
UNIDENTIFIED MALE (through translator): We started with almost nothing in 2007 and have always relied on volunteers from the community. Being able to
support the local trout farmers is what I am most proud of.
SOARES (voice over): Thirty-six-year-old Im Jong-sok (ph) has been going to the trout festival for just two years. He has developed a knock for
luring his prey. Less than a minute after casting his bait, Im (ph) feels the tell-tale tug on his rod. It seems he's caught a beauty.
A flurry of activity in an otherwise quiet part of South Korea. Young and old bundled up and in pursuit of some winter fun. And perhaps some lunch,
Isa Soares, CNN.
LU STOUT: You got to have a hobby, right? Do tune in tomorrow for our special program "Destination South Korea: Gangwon Province" and remember to
follow at CNNVision on Instagram for more of our coverage on the province as well as a host of other stories.
And that is "News Stream." I'm Kristie Lu Stout, but don't go anywhere, "World Sport" with Rhiannon Jones is next.
[08:45:00] (WORLD SPORT)