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CONNECT THE WORLD

Attacks Persist In Eastern Ghouta; Missing Nigerian Students; Florida School Shootings; One Of Christianity's Holiest Sites Closed. Aired 10-11a ET

Aired February 26, 2018 - 10:00   ET

THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.


(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

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[10:00:15] UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: There is no drinking water, we try our best to give children a little bit to drink, we eat once a day or we don't

eat at all.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

BECKY ANDERSON, CONNECT THE WORLD, CNN: Conditions worsen in Eastern Ghouta despite the U.N. resolution calling for a cease-fire what can stop

the violence is an enormous question after seven years of war is Syria.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We cannot run around in tents.

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ANDERSON: Nigerian school become truce calling the military to search for the students and...

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I just can't believe something like this happen.

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ANDERSON: Shootings in Florida sending shocks after school shooting, all eyes now on the White House and President Trump. What do we do to make

sure it never happen again? All that and much more on this edition of "Connect the World."

All right a warm welcome this is connect the world, I am Becky Anderson in Abu Dhabi at just after 7:00 in the evening and we begin with a number

tonight is being grinding seven years of war the Syrian population which has left an estimated 460,000 dead, 11 million displaced inside and outside

of Syria as being so many words spent on this conflicts since the start of the war more than 20 United Nations Security Council resolution on Syria.

Have been past and as of November last year, Russia has vetoed 10 U.N. resolutions on the country. Well Syria is a civil war that long ago

morphed into a poisonous global fight for influence and resources, one that is sucking world regional powers alike. The area of Eastern Ghouta has

reportedly been facing continued airstrikes despite a U.N. resolution of the weekend calling for a cease-fire. The Syrian government says it is

attacking terrorist, but as Jomanah Karadsheh reports civilians paying a heavy price. We warn you her report has graphic images.

(BEGIN VIDEO)

JOMANAH KARADSHEH, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Images that the world has seen time and time again out of Syria. Another strike another rescue as a bloody

child whose name we may never know. Eastern Ghouta has become a kill box, people here say they've never seen a week like this before. Activist had

been trying to document what life if we can call it that is like for civilians here. In underground shelters the hope they will survive, it's

the miserable existence.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE (TRANSLATOR): There is no drinking water we try our best to give children a little bit to drink we eat once a day or we don't

eat at all.

KARADSHEH: When the airstrikes stop the brave and desperate venture out. We have come up pleading here for the delivery we have no food left this

boy says, we are waiting if it hits us, it is OK we will die. Aid groups say hundreds have lost their lives this past week thousands more wounded, a

U.N. resolution calling for a 30 day cease-fire is nothing more than ink on paper activists say. People fear of the worst is yet to come with reports

of the regime and its allies launching a ground offensive.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE (TRANSLATOR): We want cease-fire so that people can get out and breathe, so that they can treat their children. No matter what we

say, one can imagine what it's like being in this situation and no one it seems so far can stop the horror for this population trapped in a living

nightmare. Jomanah Karadsheh CNN, Amman.

(END VIDEO)

ANDERSON: CNN international correspondent Sam Kiley also covering this from Istanbul as this evening. As this fears warranted, Sam, that despite

a cease-fire resolution many in Eastern Ghouta fear the worst is yet to come.

SAM KILEY, CNN SENIOR INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Well in a sense things from depending on which perspective you look at it are about to get a

little better or just a much more unpredictable.

[10:05:00] Just in the last hour or so the Kremlin namely of Vladimir Putin and so he could his defense minister said that they will order the

humanitarian pause, daily pause form all 900 to 1400 to just after lunch time if you like local time to allow some kind of humanitarian relief for

the citizens of eastern Ghouta, but that means that the rest of the day, it is open season in terms of the bombing that is being conducted not only by

Syrian aircraft, but the monitors and also accused the Russians of participating in this carnage. Now at the same time the Russians are

saying that over the next few days they will be releasing coordinates for humanitarian corridor to allow civilians to escape, again on the surface of

it looking like a somewhat of a concession towards the United Nations Security Council which of course Russia actually did not veto the weekends,

but actually at least tacitly agreed to now that corridor can not only lead really into areas held by the governments.

So there is no free passage that's a place that the people of Eastern Ghouta who are suffering from bombardment and siege now for many years

could go outside of the clutches of the Syrian government. Nonetheless those on the grounds may well welcome even the pause in what has been an

absolutely devastating series of bombardments. According to statistics I was looking at yesterday from some monitors involved directly in this.

There was 800 percent increase in airstrikes over the last six days compared to what is going on over the previous six months. A devastating

increase in attacks, they have also been today Becky, reports from people on the ground of the use of chlorine against civilians with the reportedly

16 of people injured possibly one's child asphyxiated in this gas attack, gaslight chlorine in and of itself not as horrible as sarin which was used

in that same part or suburban part of eastern Ghouta effectively a suburb of Damascus several years ago with 1400 people were dead, but nonetheless

chlorine is heavy against down into the basement where people are hiding. So again sinister all part of the psychological warfare that is in parallel

with the actual warfare being visited upon the citizens there.

ANDERSON: Yes and reports that civilians are being prevented from leaving those who can go say they may be unwilling to do so for fear of being in

lifted by the regime which says effectively is intent on reading the place of terrorist. All they talking about how many people are we talking about

on the ground?

KILEY: We have seen also in Isola but the numbers of people that could be associated and this is part of the U.N. agreement or the U.N. security

council, the agreement that led to the endorsement altered by all parties that they associate with terrorist really does associated with Al Qaeda in

this context possibly with the so-called Islamic state tends possibly in the low hundreds of operational (inaudible) as the call it in military

terms of militants themselves is also the accusation of those self-centered militants of preventing civilians from leaving. We heard that in the past

in Aleppo for example was a smidgen of truth about in Aleppo were not hearing the same thing from independent bodies in East Ghouta, but as ever

in any of these environments whether -- when somebody or group is defined as a terrorist group and the countries associated with the combat against

them give themselves the right to go get themselves a free pass around the U.N. resolution it means that they can define the people and attack them in

civilians and civilians is going to get caught in the ground.

ANDERSON: Sam Kiley's covering the story out of Istanbul for you with that analysis this evening, Sam thank you. Nigeria is readying it's military

hardware, the search for more than 100 girls who had been abducted the country around the of the effort find them with the helicopter and

surveillance planes and the girls are taken by suspected Boko Haram fighters in the country's northeast. The president calls the situation a

national disaster. If you remember back in 2014 militants catch nearly 300 girls from the school in Chibok, sparking global outrage. Our Faria

Sevenzo is tracking developments that from Nairobi, what do you got?

FARAI SEVENZO, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Becky, global outrage is likely to continue and what we know for certain is that a 110 school girls from a

school in (inaudible) were taken by Boko Haram.

[10:10:09] This is four years after that tragedy of April 2014 and this is how it look at the moment on the ground.

(BEGIN VIDEO)

SEVENZO: Just four years after the abduction of nearly 300 schoolgirls Chibok North Eastern of Nigeria, but Islamist insurgents Boko Haram. The

terror group struck again last Monday attacking a science and technology school for girls in Dapchi in Yobe state. At first Nigerian officials

gets mixed messages claiming at one stage that the students had been rescued by the Nigerian forces only to change their tune.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: (Inaudible) soldiers who are (inaudible) on Monday and as of today we cannot console one to this, because the total register of

the students that came to school on that Monday was 906.

SEVENZO: But this conflicting information on the exact number missing and parents who could not find their children are already grieving another days

of subduction by Boko Haram. For months now president (inaudible) government claim to be taking the fight to Boko Haram. And it seems an end

to this insurgency (inaudible). But despite the purchase of new military hardware, the Nigerian forces had been unable to struck further attack on

civilians in the trouble north east. This new abduction has survive memories of the missing Chibok girls. They are famous on bring back our

goals campaign about 100 of those are still missing. And it is to be a season of complainers, the parents of the missing (inaudible).

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: He took (inaudible) -- our government of Nigeria did not let anything from the charge child abuse of Chibok girls. They refuse

to led rather they were so more interested in propaganda, they said they had defeated the terrorist.

SEVENZO: The president has called this latest abduction a national disaster. We are sorry that this happen, we share your pain, you wrote on

twitter and he has deployed more troops and surveillance aircraft but he must find the missing girls and restore confidence in troop's ability to

end Boko Haram terror.

(END VIDEO)

SEVENZO: As you can bear Becky, that is going to be a lot of soul searching and anger in Nigeria over this. And of course this bard words,

when (inaudible) come they don't come in single, but as a battalions, remember back in January 2017, not only other people of north eastern

Nigeria suffering from Boko Haram, they were bomb by their own side and 50 people died in January, so it is a problem of the president of Nigeria has

to fix and fix quickly and we don't know or this girls, this new batch of girls will be found on time to alleviate much of the grief that is going on

there.

ANDERSON: Faria story for you out of Nairobi in Kenya today, Farai thank you.

Pyeongchang Olympics have come to a close despite North Korea taking any medals it was the North Koreans who stole the spotlight in the winter

games, especially Kim Jong-un, the sister of the North Korean leader was follow around like a superstar in South Korea. She met with the South

Korean president and even extended an invitation to meet her brother in Pyongyang. The diplomacy continues and North Korean officials says the

doors are open to dialogue with United States now the South Korean president is calling on the U.S. to lower the threshold for talks for the

North and even showing a willingness to denuclearized. CNN Ivan Watson joins us now from Seoul. When this South Korean president says he wants to

see the U.S. lower the threshold for talks, what does he mean by that?

IVAN WATSON, SENIOR INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT, CNN: Well in the past the U.S. position has been the talks have to be about denuclearization about

North Korea giving up its arsenal of nuclear weapons though we heard some mixed messages from the Trump administration about this possible

precondition, so here you have the South Korean leader saying if the U.S. lowers the threshold in the same breath if North Korea is going to show

some willingness to talk about its nuclear arsenal that would be good for both sides and we need to do this quickly and perhaps is feeling the

urgency Becky that the Olympics are over the Paralympics games will begin and then be over in a few weeks and then U.S. decision to postpone joint

U.S. South Korean military exercises that excuse will basically end and probably the concern is that once those military exercises begin again you

could slip back into a cycle of threats and insults and go back to where we were before the beginning of these winter Olympics Becky.

[10:15:14] ANDERSON: Briefly, Ivan, they haven't won any medals but regionally does this games feel like a win effectively for the North

Koreans?

WATSON: Well certainly they have gone from firing missiles just last November to and not talking to the South Koreans to now practically having

lunch it seems like every couple of days and then sitting in a VIP box with the South Korean president so the door has opened between North and South

Korea and it has felt like it is Pyongyang that has been setting the tempo of this diplomacy rather than certainly the U.S.

ANDERSON: Ivan Watson is in South Korea for you and still to come folks, yet another arrest in a corruption probe involving some of Benjamin

Netanyahu inner circle. We will give you a live report on the latest legal troubles surrounding the Israeli Prime Minister after this short break also

ahead one of the holiest site in Christianity has closed its door after Church leader accused Israeli authorities of unprecedented attack against

Christian in the holy land.

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ANDERSON: Well it is 19 minutes pass 7:00 in the UAE, I am Becky Anderson this is connect the world you are very welcome if you are just joining us,

the net is widening in an Israeli ground investigation that could be arrested some of Benjamin Netanyahu's closest conjugal. We are now

learning that eight suspects had been detained and questioned authority says that there is enough evidence to indict the Prime Minister himself

into separate cases. Mr. Netanyahu is expected to be questioned by police this week he strongly reject the allegations maintaining his innocence.

Let us get more from Oren Liebermann, he is live for you in Jerusalem tonight. Explain just how significant his latest news is the big scheme of

these graft allegations.

[10:20:00] OREN LEIBERMANN, CNN CORESPONDENT: It is an indication that investigation itself is growing and the case we are talking about here was

known as Case 4000, investigating the relationship between ministry communications here and the Israeli telecommunications firm Bezek. What is

crucial here is that it was Netanyahu who was the communications minister at this time, so his name is right in the center of this even if it hasn't

been named as a suspect in this case, but many close to him have and now have eight suspect amended, (inaudible) Kamir, a media adviser has been

arrested as a suspect in this case.

Again it is an indication that investigators are still looking, still searching and expanding who they are looking for. The biggest blow on

Netanyahu specifically in this case is the one of the members of his inner circle turned to state witness, agreeing to work with prosecutors on this

investigation so we'll see where it goes from here as you pointed out Netanyahu has insisted he is innocent and in the two cases in which his

name has been a suspect and he has decried this is a politically fueled witch hunt all along, Becky.

ANDERSON: So we are all seeing here, the presiding judge and the Israel security authority had been removed from what's known as Case 4000 as you

likely pointed out. The case that is link to Mr. Netanyahu inner circle, so again, can you explain what you know about that and the lightly

consequences of this latest info.

LEIBERMANN: This is a pretty dramatic development especially here in Israel, because what happened was the judge presiding in this case as well

as a lawyer for the Israel securities authority which relates to taxes in the stock exchange not anything defense-related, but they were texting back

and forth about detention and (inaudible) for suspects before the actual hearing on this casually sending what's up messages saying over request

three days, just given two extra days in a way that the court authority Israel securities authority and the Attorney General have said were

incredibly inappropriate. The judge was immediately removed from the case and has been removed pending internal investigation as well as the lawyer

for securities authority.

The big picture here is that Netanyahu's allies and loyalists have pointed this, look this is proof that this is all politically fueled witch-hunt

from the very beginning. In fact one of the members are present but is one of those closest allies went on Israel's Army radio instead essentially

this is proof of his two-year campaign by the police to topple Netanyahu. It adds political fuel to the fire related to these investigations Becky.

The Attorney General and the justice ministry had try to keep the investigations in their own bubbles, but more and more are spilling over

into the political realm and that makes it essentially more polarizing the voters in every watching what's going on here.

ANDERSON: Yes, absolutely. All right, well Oren is in Jerusalem for you at the Euro it's a trip of a lifetime for many of the worlds Christians going

to or coming to Jerusalem to totally go to holy site, all the doors are now shut, at least temporarily the judge of the holy (inaudible) a church

leader took that very rare and dramatic step to protest new Israeli tax policy proposed property law calling it unprecedented attack against

Christians in the holy land. Ian Lee is outside that church, as we speak. Ian?

IAN LEE, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Becky let me just show you or something is a rare sight here you will find the view on the wooden doors of the church of

the holy sepulcher and this is the second day that they had been closed. You can see below people have been coming throughout the day and praying in

front of these doors, because they can get inside and really there's two issues that are happening at the same time Becky that church leaders object

to, first there is the church land bill that's going through the Knesset and this is a bill that would make it more difficult for church leaders to

sell the property that they own in Jerusalem, now the property that their own a lot of as residential buildings on it and these are leased out on a

99 year lease and residences expect -- with you speak what they expect at least to be renewed very 99 years, but the church says it has sold some of

this land and now new investors all are going to these residents and they say that they want them to charge want to chart some more to have their

homes on this land. The other issue deals with the taxation of church property in Jerusalem, now the mirror through some once the tax land that

the church owns is not used for house of worship, this is another issue that church leaders subject to and we heard from them yesterday. Take a

listen.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

[10:25:00] THEOPHILOS II, PATRIARCH OF THE ORTHODOX CHURCH OF JERUSALEM: (Inaudible) and international of (BAD AUDIO). The privileges of the

churches in what seems as an attack to weaken the (inaudible) in Jerusalem.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The bill has nothing to do with the church, it is all about land that was sold by the church, we are very happy when the church

owns the land that was (inaudible) with us. We get along with them very, very well. It is only about taking care of this thousands of families that

we don't want them to lose their homes.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

LEE: Becky that second person you heard from is Rachel Azaria, she is a member of Knesset who is moving this bill forward, when we are talking to

her, she said they postponed this bill and they wanted to talk to church leaders to come up with a mutually agreed solution to this crisis. She

says that they don't want the churches to feel alienated, that they are part of the fabric of Jerusalem, but when you look at the other issue, the

taxation of church land that is not used for houses of worship, even the member of Knesset Azaria said she is against, she said that also break the

status quo and that's really coming from the mayor of Jerusalem that push for the taxation of churches, but a member of Knesset Azaria says that she

is also looking to push forward the bill through the Knesset that would not make it impossible really for the mayor to make unilateral decision like

that, Becky.

ANDERSON: Ian Lee outside what is a very rare sites, the church of the holy. You are watching connect the world, with an awful ahead of you.

Next stop take a look at this picture, what do you see? People needing help. Some charity workers, well they saw an opportunity, an opportunity

to use a good faith in them to exploit those in need. We will interrogate the aid industry up next.

[10:30:00] (COMMERCIAL BREAK)

BECKY ANDERSON, CNN ANCHOR: It is half past 7:00, I'm Becky Anderson. Welcome back to Connect the World. We were connecting an ideal world, a

meeting of large and powerful charities will only be about, what else, how to best look after the unlucky who needs their help most, but we don't

listen an ideal world far from it, in fact.

So for weeks now, they have been entangled in one thing, a major and growing scandal over sexual abuse and exploitation by some like those here

in their ranks.

It is bringing so far and so wide, and so quickly that it seems to be an almost endemic part of the culture of people who parachute into already

poor places like this to somebody held, (Inaudible), with money that ultimately all comes from my people.

Well, right now, CNN's Arwa Damon is at one such meeting, the Bond Conference that market itself as Europe's biggest international development

conference, all a lot happening, both inside that conference and of course away from it. What are the key take out points at this point?

ARWA DAMON, CNN CORRESPONDENT: You know, Becky, this conference happened every single year and as you were mentioning, there are -- yes, normally,

they are focusing on issues such as how to raise more funds, how to better serve the beneficiaries.

But of course, this year, one of the key issues is safeguarding and there are number of sessions going on circling around that because of all of

these allegations of sexual misconduct that have come forward and that many concerned that perhaps this is just the beginning.

But there is also recognition among leaders within the sector that it is perhaps a positive thing that the silence around this has been broken

because it most certainly needs to be addressed. In a short while ago, we spoke to Tamsyn Barton, the CEO of the Bond Conference. Look at what she

had to say.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

TAMSYN BARTON, CEO, BOND CONFERENCE: It's really important for us that we earn the trust that the public put in us. And I have been talking to some

of the colleagues who are there at the conference.

And I'm hearing that people are really full of regrets about what they are hearing has happened, we are stopping at regret. We are going to take

action right away.

We have already started talking about how we can make a difference to our culture and that's why it is important that we got all the delegates there

today. Those are was really practical actions to ensure that we can accredit humanitarian and development workers.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

DAMON: And, Becky, of course the need for action -- the need for the complete and total eradication of these kinds of practices, and everyone is

very adamant that there is a zero tolerance policy that is already in place.

It's not just vital because it's fundamentally important to protect the most vulnerable and to protect the workplace where these sexual allegations

do take place but it also especially important because when it comes the humanitarian sector, the sector cannot afford to be tarnished in this way.

You have that key issue of trust. You have trust between donors in a various different humanitarian organizations. Then of course, you have the

vital trust between the humanitarian organization and the beneficiaries.

ANDERSON: Sure.

DAMON: And especial when we look at the needs that is out there today with the vital assistance that is being carried out within the war zones or

within famine zones, or the aftermath of natural disasters. There is a sense that whatever sexual misconduct has been going. It has to end now.

ANDERSON: Yes, and zero tolerance policy quite frankly as anywhere the paper that it is written on if it isn't at need to, of course.

[10:35:00] Arwa, a charity that works to clear landmines once supported by Princess Diana has now being dragged into all of this. Mines Advisory

Group apologizing for not fully looking into claims its staff paid prostitutes, to remind our viewers even if -- even if that is legal where

they are.

Remember, people have often lost everything, not home but families. It is this lost of faith, the lost of the halo effect that worries these charity

the most, and the impact that that might likely have in their work in the future.

DAMON: I think there really is this fundamentals sense, Becky, that they need to address this now. They need to acknowledge which they are that it

is taking place and they need to bring about concrete solutions, the meeting professions that are taking place at this particular conference are

really just the beginning of something of a brain forming effort.

They do plan on actually having strict guidelines policies trying to set up the sort of environment where people won't be afraid to come forward. But

then of course you have the broader issues that are at stake here.

And that's who is actually going to end up losing. It is those very beneficiaries. It is those who are most vulnerable, who needs this

humanitarian assistance so desperately that are the ones that are ultimately going to be losing out if this and up resulting in a loss of

faith or a significant loss of funding.

ANDERSON: Arwa Damon is in London for you today. As we heard from, Arwa - - thank you, Arwa. Charities, well, they are wondering how this may hurt them in the long run as well. So, Oxfam (ph) seem to have at least been

trying to get ahead of the curve here.

This weekend, 22 of them coming together in an open letter writing, quote, we are truly sorry that at times, our sector has failed. We must and will

do better. Words exactly -- what exactly do words like do better actually look like in the real world.

Well, let's find out, among those signed it, the man who runs practical international organization promoting kids and girls write, before that in

the industry for decades with Oxfam.

Paul Smith Lomas, joining us now into the absolutely clear, do organization has not been accused of any wrongdoing whatsoever. The industry though

definitely has. How much have you worried about the impact that this -- what is going on at present and at stories that are now coming on these

allegations may have on your work in the future?

PAUL SMITH LOMAS, CHIEF EXECUTIVE, PRACTICAL ACTION: Yes, Practical Action. (Inaudible) signed up with Bond, the group that you were talking

with earlier, but statements -- collective statements if you like, a recognition that we fund together for the work that we do and true belief

in our mission.

And the recognition that that work is truly in whole sense, and if anything that we do or anything that happens that undermines people, think of

competence in the effectiveness that work, or anything that happens to undermine the impact that we have on other people's lives, we must act.

And we know that we must act together because we are strongly together.

ANDERSON: You and a number of other people in the industry have taken an opportunity to wonder whether this might be a watershed and a moment to

focus more on capacity building long-term, rather than just parachuting in two situations whether this is sort of braking events and in need of aid.

Actually, I have spoken to a number of people who agree with you. The point is, I also have people talk about this over the years and nothing's

ever been done about it. Do you think this might change things, and if so, how?

LOMAS: I think maybe this is a moment, yes. And I think we need to differentiate between the most acute surprise situation that we might be

seeing in Syria, for example, the moment where people really truly need things.

They need materials, they need something to get themselves back up again, getting their lives started again. But I think, we are also a very aware

in lots of longer-term development situations.

That (Inaudible) of age, that grunting of assistant and that physical transfer of resources is possibly not appropriate of passing techniques,

vantage, building skills, building relationships which is the kind of thing that Practical Action does and is been doing for many years because that...

[10:40:03] ANDERSON: Let me ask you, were you -- yes, go on.

LOMAS: Handing over goods, I think already when you are in possession of goods and you are giving them to somebody else, then the relationship

between yourself and the community change, when you are sharing to others.

ANDERSON: Briefly before I move on to my next point. I just want to ask you, how surprise were you about these allegations. These allegations are

coming fast from numerous agencies now.

LOMAS: Shocking, saddened -- very deeply saddened.

ANDERSON: Surprised, sir?

(CROSSTALK)

LOMAS: There is factor of society that is immune from this kind of behavior. We have seen it in the media, we have seen it in the church, we

have seen it in film industries. It is everywhere.

And I think it would have been naive. (Inaudible) the international aide sector would be immune. I think it think the thing is, how do we deal with

these situations when we found them, rather than pretending that they may never exist.

ANDERSON: Well, let me put this to you. The revenues for some NGOs reads more like the balance sheet of a super large international company, take

the ICRC for example. It was looking for revenue of almost $2 billion last year.

That is two, followed by nine zeros. So naturally, of course, there are a lot of projects and there are that a lot of managers eyeing out that kind

of cash in an organization of that size.

Do you think it is possible for a charity to simply become a victim of its own success, to big to effectively work efficiently and effectively, and

inside the boundaries of ethics, and the law?

LOMAS: I think many organizations are looking and asking themselves how do they ensure that they are looking in accountable to the people they speak.

How do they ensure that their mechanisms abide the laws.

But also provide with the culture, and many organizations are breaking down those individual large entities into smaller, more locally accountable

relevant entities.

I can't really speak so much for the international (Inaudible), very, very particular mandate. But many of the larger international agencies are now

seeing that simple, global moments are no longer for today's international (Inaudible).

ANDERSON: Fascinating. Paul Smith Lomas is the chief executive of Practical Action in the aid industry for almost 30 years, you know, inside

expertise is important. Please joins us again, sir. Thank you.

LOMAS: Thank you.

ANDERSON: Imagine signing up for a journey in which you are warned up front that you might be raped. That's what our, Nima Elbagir, face up to

in a follow-up to her undercover report on slave auctions in Libya. She went undercover to Nigeria to learn how people have smuggled through Libya,

trying to get to Europe.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

NIMA ELBAGIR, CNN CORRESPONDENT: To prove just how brazen these criminals are, we are trying to see if someone will agree to traffic us here.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: (Speaking Foreign Language)

ELBAGIR: He calls himself (Inaudible), one of an army of (Inaudible) -- the brokers who work alongside smugglers on the Nigerian end of the Africa

to Europe migrant.

Taking aside (Inaudible) repeats again, don't struggle if you are raped and ultimately, trust in God. From here, begins the journey to Europe, the

journey is the unknown. May who undertake this journey is still unaccounted for.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

ANDERSON: Chilling Tuesday for Nima's exclusive report, business smuggling people through Africa. I am from Abu Dhabi, you are watching Connect the

World.

I am Becky Anderson. Coming up, after the latest school shooting in the state has been a big push to toughen up America's gun laws. Well, the

question is, will lawmakers act, up next.

[10:45:00] (COMMERCIAL BREAK)

ANDERSON: It is just after quarter to 8:00 in the UAE. This is Connect the World from out Middle East broadcasting hub here in Abu Dhabi. Well,

this could be a critical week in the debate over guns in America.

As the U.S. Congress returns from a break, students in Parkland, Florida are getting ready to go back to school after that shooting that killed 17

classmates and adults.

The students are calling for action on guns. More Americans overall want action, even the U.S. president says he wants action but lawmakers, well,

will they do anything? CNN's Kaylee Hartung, tell us there are new questions about the massacre.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

GOV. RICK SCOTT (R), FLORIDA: We have to do it, all investigation and who ever didn't do their job has to be held accountable.

KAYLEE HARTUNG, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Florida's governor ordering an investigation into law enforcement's response to last week's deadly school

shooting, amid criticism that Broward County sheriff's deputies waited too long to enter Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School as the killer opened

fire inside. Sheriff Scott Israel coming under scrutiny as he welcomes the investigation into his department.

SCOTT ISRAEL, BROWARD COUNTY, FLORIDA, SHERIFF: I've given amazing leadership to this agency.

JAKE TAPPER, CNN ANCHOR: Amazing leadership?

ISRAEL: I've worked -- yes, Jake. You don't measure a person's leadership by a deputy not going into -- these deputies received the training they

needed.

TAPPER: Maybe you measure somebody's leadership by whether or not they protect the community.

HARTUNG: Florida Republican, lawmaker Richard Corcoran and 73 others sending a letter to the governor Sunday, demanding Sheriff Israel be

suspended for incompetence and dereliction of duty. This after Florida State Representative Bill Hager wrote a similar letter to Governor Scott

just a day before.

ISRAEL: Of course I won't resign. It was a shameful letter. It was politically motivated. I never met that man. He doesn't know anything

about me, and the letter was full of misinformation.

HARTUNG: Sources telling CNN that when Coral Springs police officers arrived on the scene they were shocked to find three other Broward County

sheriff's deputies who had not yet entered the building. Broward County disputes this, saying it was only the school resource officer, and he has

resigned.

Meanwhile, lawmakers returning to work this morning under national pressure to act on gun reform, as a new CNN poll shows 70 percent of people say they

favor stricter gun laws.

With Congress already looking at a list of options on the table, including banning bump stocks, improving the federal background check system,

changing the legal age to purchase a rifle from 18 to 21, restricting the size of gun magazines, or an all-out ban on the purchase of AR-15 style

weapons. Ivanka Trump, weighing in on a father's proposal to arm teachers.

IVANKA TRUMP, DAUGHTER OF DONALD TRUMP: I think that having a teacher who is armed, who cares deeply about her students or his students and who is

capable, and qualified to bear arms is not a bad idea, but it's an idea that needs to be discussed.

Amid all the political fall-out, a somber first day back on campus, as students returned for orientation Sunday, their first time on school

grounds since surviving the massacre.

TANZIL PHILIP, STUDENT, MARJORY STONEMAN DOUGLAS HIGH SCHOOL: It was really scary. I didn't know how I was going to feel. When I went in and I

saw the fence around the freshman building and I just -- and all the windows were covered. I was just like -- I just can't believe something

like this happened.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

[10:50:00] ANDERSON: Kaylee Hartung reporting for your live from Abu Dhabi. You are watching Connect the World. Coming up, here is something

we don't see very often, the coliseum in Rome, again, the backdrop of snow. We are going to tell you about wintry weather sweeping across parts of

Europe. We're going to take you there. Stay with us.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

ANDERSON: You are watching CNN. This is Connect the World. I am Becky Anderson. Just before we go tonight, I want to get you this. This is

being called a best of a storm, a blast of wintry weather sweeping into parts of Western Europe.

Rome seeing its first snowfall in years, and while it's pretty to look at, the snow and cols, well, they are creating a mess on the roads and causing

many schools to close.

The weather couldn't reach south to Spain and then up into the U.K. after that. For more, let's get you to out meteorologist Chad Myers in out

Weather Center in Atlanta. Look, I mean you know, it gets cold Europe at this time of the year. But just unusually is this now?

CHAD MYERS, CNN METEOROLOGIST: Well, they were throwing snowballs in the Vatican. I mean, that is pretty good usually, I would think. And there is

going to be ocean or sea affects snow that's going to come across. Air is going to be so cold that it's going to pick up moisture from the sea and

drive it right into London, like it's actually doing right now.

But there's the snow from Rome. It was a brief snow but it was pretty to look at. I love how towns just turned quiet and silent when it's snowing,

and there are snows on the ground, and there's no sloshing going on.

The cars are quieter, that's what they had in Rome. Now, it is still going to be a couple of cold days here. we are not going to warm-up in Europe

until at least Thursday and possibly some spots evening to Saturday.

The Pyrenees will pick up quite a bit of snow. The Apennine will pick up quite a bit of snow. From Sarajevo, all the way back over to almost

Turkey, will pick-up big time snow, 30 to 50 centimeters of snow at times because of this frigid air that's been over Moscow.

It's just 17 degrees below zero for high in Moscow but now sliding off from the east to the west, the wrong direction, really and here is the forecast

snow. This is what the radar should look like over the next couple of days with bands and bands of snow coming into all of the U.K., from north to

south.

Now it won't be piling up like it was in some spots. If you look at this there are sort of pink zone, if you are going to see -- at some point you

could, some people could see 40 centimeters of snow.

And it's a heavy wet snow, Becky, it isn't that light snow, that we call the heart attack snow. Every scoop weighs 50 pounds if you are trying to

throw it over, and if you are an old guy like me, you don't want to be doing that, for too long without taking too many breaks, because that's the

kind of snow we are going to have here.

ANDERSON: An old guy, cold mark who make bishops stop in the U.K. and said the beast just arrived there.

[10:55:00] So you bang on, Chad, thank you for that. Whether you are in the snowy parts of the world or over here where the weather, I have to say

is quite lovely today, you are sure to find the hottest of news on this, our Facebook page, that is Facebook.com/CNNconnect.

You know how you can find us. I am at Twitter. I am at Becky, CNN on Twitter. I am Becky Anderson, that was Connect the World. From the team

working with me here, and those working with us around the world, it's a very good evening. Thank you for watching. CNN, of course, continues

after this short break.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

END