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Trump White House; Koreas Tensions; Mueller investigation; Trade wars with China; Hungary elections; Facebook; Trump Says U.S. Cannot Allow Syrian Chemical Weapons Attacks; Patrick Reed Claims First Major Title; Japan Dismiss Coach Vahid Halilhodzic; Man City Face Uphill Battle Against Liverpool. Aired 2-3a ET
Aired April 10, 2018 - 02:00 ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
[02:00:04] ISHA SESAY, CNN, ANCHOR: This is CNN Newsroom live from Los Angeles. Ahead this hour, tough talk from the U.S. President and it promises to forcefully respond after an alleged chemical attack in Syria. That's why he was lashing out at the FBI after investigators rages the office of his personal attorney. And Facebook is taking the blame as he gets ready to face questions in front of Congress.
Hello and welcome to our viewers around the world. I am Isha Sesay. This is Newsroom L.A. Well, U.S. President Donald Trump is bound to respond forcefully to the suspected chemical attack in Syria at a cabinet meeting with military leaders Monday. He warned nothing is off the table and he said he will make a decision on what the U.S. will do within the coming hours.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
DONALD TRUMP, UNITED STATES, PRESIDENT: The greatest fighting force anywhere in the world. These gentlemen and ladies are incredible people, incredible talent, and we're making the decision as to what we do with respect to the horrible attack that was made near Damascus. And it will be met and it will be met forcefully, and when I will not say because I don't like talking about timing. But we are developing the greatest force that we have ever had.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
SESAY: Well, (Inaudible) say chemical attack in Dumas Saturday killed dozens of people, including women and children. Syrian activists say helicopters dropped toxic gas inside barrel (Inaudible). CNN has not been able to independently confirm that. The U.N. Council met in an emergency session Monday. U.S. Ambassador to the U.N. Nikki Haley said Russia's hand is covered in the blood of Syrian children.
Russia says there is no evidence a chemical attack happened. CNN's Ben Wedeman joins me now from Beirut, Lebanon. And Ben, you know, the U.S. has made it very clear. We've heard from the President and from Nikki Haley there is going to be a forceful response. There is going to be a price paid for what happened in Duma. But the question is what is the U.S.' end goal with any kind of strike in Syria.
BEN WEDEMAN, CNN, CORRESPONDENT: That's a very good question. And I honestly, Isha, have no idea. The United States really since very early on in the Syrian uprising really hasn't had a strategy. It's occasionally acted occasionally supported rebel factions. It once last year just about exactly a year ago, did strike Syria with 59 cruise missiles after an alleged chemical attack in Honshu, which is a town south of Aleppo.
But beyond that, it doesn't really have a plan. And it's important to keep in mind that Russia and before that, the Soviet Union has a relationship with Syria that goes back decades. It is a strategic commitment. The United States has traditionally had very little in the way to do with Syria officially, that is. And it's also important to keep in mind that yes, in this attack on Saturday evening 49 people, it's believed were children, alleged a chemical attack.
And the United States President Trump, Nikki Haley and others are signaling that the United States will act. But it is likely to be one to three perhaps strikes on targets in Syria. There's no long-term strategy. Also important to keep in mind that yes, 49 people died, but since the outbreak of the Syrian uprising, probably more than half a million people have died, not by chemical weapons.
And that the United States and international community, by and large, has sat by and watched. And I don't think I that pattern is about to change, Isha.
SESAY: If they do intervene, as they've signaled they will, I mean you did mention Russia there was obviously are aware of Iran's role in this conflict. What happens in this geopolitical conflict? What happens if the U.S. takes the stand, which even in the short term would be an escalation?
WEDEMAN: Well, certainly it would raise tensions. But look what happened after the airstrike last year on the Shayrat base in Syria after the Hana Shehu chemical attack. Nothing happened. The situation carried on as usual. And the United States isn't talking about an intervention. An intervention would suggest some sort of on the ground involvement. Yes, there are 2000 U.S. troops in northeastern Syria.
[02:04:57] But their role is to fight ISIS, not to fight the Russians or the Iranians or the Syrian government. And I just don't see how this will go beyond some sort of symbolic move to satisfy a President Trump and his critics in the United States oceans or the Iranians or the Syrian government. And I just don't see how this will go beyond some sort of symbolic move to satisfy President Trump and his critics and the United States.
But the situation on the ground, the fact that since September 2015, the Russians intervene in a very critical way to shore up the government of Bashar Al-Assad, and I don't think a few airstrikes on Syrian positions is going to change that strategic commitment.
SESAY: Ben Wedeman has laid the fact for us, from Beirut, Lebanon. Ben, appreciate it. Thank you. Joining us now, our CNN U.S. Security Analyst and Senior Fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations Gayle Tzemach Lemmon, and former U.S. Marine Captain, Michael Krause, welcome to you both. Gayle, to you first, we heard a little bit on what the President said regarding U.S. response to what we saw over the weekend in Syria.
What were your takeaways from his comments, specifically that line that Assad will pay a price?
GAYLE TZEMACH LEMMON, CNN, NATIONAL SECURITY ANALYST: Right. I mean this is an overnight crisis seven years in the making. We have followed this trajectory since 2011, and it really is the inevitable result of an absolutely paved path of impunity, right. You have had the acts of impunity with the Assad regime and its Russian backers who have really been all in, as have the Iranians throughout this conflict, right.
And they have been all in, leaving it only one path, which is more or less that Assad, is going to stay for now. So the question now for the United States is if you're going to say that there are international norms that cannot be trampled, then how do you find this sort of Goldilocks moment because there is no question. There still remains no appetite for regime change because the end what question has yet to be answered, what would come after Assad.
So how do you send a message without where they were moving the regime, which is really something that no American administration has shown an appetite for?
SESAY: Yeah. Michael, to you, the President's forceful words here are in contrast with what he said just days ago about wanting to put U.S. troops out of Syria. He wanted it quickly. He said it loudly. He said it repeatedly. He wanted them to come home. John McCain, Senator John McCain is tying those words of wanting to pull U.S. troops out with what happened in Duma over the weekend.
Let me read you part of the statement put out by Senator McCain. He said President Trump last week signaled to the world that the United States would prematurely withdraw from Syria. Bashar Al-Assad and his Russian and Iranian backers have heard him and emboldened by American inaction. Assad has reportedly launched another chemical attack against innocent men, women, and children, this time in Duma.
Do you see a connection between the President's words in saying he wanted to pull U.S. troops with what happened on the weekend. You agree with Senator McCain.
MICHAEL KRAUSE, U.S. STATE DEPARTMENT, CONTRACTOR: -- the Iranians and the Syrian's, Assad's forces are trying to test our resolve. As Gayle said, this is something that's been going on since 2011. We haven't had the resolve to do what is necessary. When it comes to using the chemical weapons, like Assad did, 48 hours after Trump said he was going to leave, of course, it's testing the President.
But now we've gotten to a point where the President does not want to be seen weak like Obama did with the red line in 2013. He is going to hit Assad whether it's an airstrike like last year, where you lost 59 tomahawk cruise missiles and you hit the air base, or something along those lines. It is not a matter of when we hit Assad now. It's a matter of what time. Is it going to happen tonight?
Or is it already you know, the afternoon there, but is it going to happen tomorrow night. Is it going to happen some time this week?
SESAY: Gayle, to what Michael is saying. He referenced the strike from last after what happened in Kenshekun (ph). What changed?
TZEMACH-LEMMON: I think this is the question, right. It so important to remember that both Obama and Trump have wanted a one-way ticket out of the Syrian conflict for very understandable reasons, but this is a war that has a way finding the United States. The truth is that international norms long ago cease to mean anything when it to comes to this conflict.
I mean really, the international community has all the teeth of an inflatable guard dog when it comes to looking at Syria truly, right. Every norm has been trampled. Adjectives have given.
TZEMACH-LEMMON: -- trying to describe it. So the question is now what is left for the international community to do, and it's not necessarily the Americans by themselves.
SESAY: Who are they doing it for? I mean because the Syrian people have been crying out for help for a long time. Is this just about the optics? What is this about? You have to ask that.
TZEMACH-LEMMON: I wouldn't say that it's about the optics. I think there really are certain norms that the United States has tried to stand for, including the use of chemical weapons. I'm not saying it's perfect. But I do think that is one that you saw from the Obama administration carry over into this one. And it's not just the United States. It's also the U.K. and France.
[02:10:07] SESAY: Michael, the President is preparing, you know, a menu of options for the President. Are there any good options? I mean as you as look -- because you're not going to strike the depots holding those chemical weapons with the fear of spreading them. So talk to me militarily in terms of the options.
KRAUSE: Obviously, the President has a lot of options. One, you do what we did last year. (Inaudible), tomahawk cruise missile launch take out the air field. What happened last year though was within 24 hours, 48 hours, the air field was back up and running. Yes, Assad lost some aircraft, but the air field was still up and running.
The other option is to ratchet it up and take on more of his military machine. Destroy Assad's ability to wage war on his own people. The problem with that option is you're going to deal with more sustained airstrikes. You're putting American airmen and most likely Special Forces in the danger zone, in conflict with the Russians.
Tonight, apparently Syrian aircraft and Russian aircraft are flying all evening because they thought that we were going to strike tonight. So they got their aircraft off the air bases and in the sky. So if we are going to do a sustained air campaign, we're going to have conflict with the Russians in the air.
SESAY: Well, let me play what the President said about Russia. He was obviously you know, hearing President use the strongest language (Inaudible) and was really since he took office about Vladimir Putin take a listen.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
TRUMP: You may. Yeah, you may. And if he does, it's going to be very tough, very tough. Everybody is going to pay a price. He will. Everybody will.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
SESAY: Gayle, Russia, the U.S. saying that they will pay a price if it's found that Putin had a direct hand in all of this. The risks involved in this, most definitely -- not mention the 2000 U.S. troops are then you know, in on the Syria -- how do you see this playing out. Should the U.S. target Russia?
TZEMACH-LEMMON: I think it so important to remember that if you think back, the place where the U.S. and Russia actually had the best relationship was in Syria, were military to military. There was a de- confliction line that was really working for the past several years, and I say really working because neither side wanted direct engagement and then they worked very hard even for a small neighborhood in very difficult circumstances to keep from directly engaging one another.
And the question is will we now see a shift from de-confliction to direct engagement, and is the United States prepared for that.
SESAY: Michael, how do you see that?
KRAUSE: The question is what kind of superpower do we want to be. Are we going to be the type of superpower that allows this type of thing to take place? What -- I think the people around the world, especially the American to understand as we are right in the middle of Cold War 2.0., between us and the Russians, us and the Chinese, us and the Iranians.
SESAY: So them on militarily or do this in the political...
KRAUSE: Just like the Cold War, it may come down to that. I think if we're going to resolve this conflict, you're going to have to hit Assad. You're going to hit him hard.
SESAY: Gayle and Michael, we thank you. Some intense hours ahead, we'll just see what happens, what decisions the President makes. We appreciate it. Thank you.
Well, a quick break here. And still to come on CNN Newsroom, an FBI raid hits very close to home for Donald Trump. The U.S. President's personal lawyer is in the hot seat, an update coming up.
[02:15:00] SESAY: CIA agents have raided the office of President Trump's personal lawyer Michael Cohen. Agents had multiple search warrants to cease emails, tax documents, and business records, according to the New York Times, including communications between the President and Cohen. An angry Donald Trump lashed out at the FBI and special counsel, both on his team.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
TRUMP: So I just heard that they broke into the office of one of my personal attorneys, good man. And it is a disgraceful situation. It's a total witch hunt. I've been saying it for a long time. I've wanted to keep it down. We've given I believe over a million pages worth of documents to the special counsel. And it's a disgrace. It is frankly a real disgrace. It is an attack on a country in its truest sense.
It is an attack on what we all stand for. So I saw this and when I heard it, I heard it like you did. I said that is really now an all new level of unfairness. They found no collusion whatsoever with Russia. The reason they found it is there was no collusion at all, no collusion. This is the most biased group of people. These people have the biggest conflicts of interest I've ever seen.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
SESAY: Well, a source tells CNN some of the document ceased relate to porn star Stormy Daniels. She alleges she had an affair with Donald Trump in 2006 and was paid by Cohen to keep her quiet. Let's bring in Jessica Levinson, happy to see you. She is a professor of law and governance at Loyola Law School. Jessica, there is a lot to get through here.
All right, so to be clear, the President, as you heard in that clip, railing against Mueller, saying this is a team of people with you know, conflicts of interest and bias and unfair. But this isn't the doing the Mueller per se, right. This is down to him handing it over to New York, correct?
JESSICA LEVINSON, LOYOLA LAW SCHOOL, PROFESSOR OF LAW AND GOVERNANCE: To a lawyer who I believe President Trump personally interviewed for his job.
SESAY: Explain this to us.
LEVINSON: So I think it's important to say that while President Trump has said that this is a breakdown of the system. This is actually the judicial system at work. And it's at work in a very methodical way. And so what happened is Special Counsel Robert Mueller apparently handed off information to the New York attorney, to the federal attorney in New York and said I think that there are some issues here.
And then what happens is a magistrate judge looks at the issues, decides whether or not there's enough evidence for a warrant. But when it comes to a situation like this, where it's an attorney who is the subject and there are potentially documents their attorney-client privileged that might be seized under the search warrant.
There's a very high threshold that you need to satisfy in order to get that search warrant. And then a magistrate judge signed off on it and then the New York federal attorney said yes.
SESAY: So this is not a case. Again, just for our viewers who haven't been following this every breathless minute. This is not a situation where Mueller just decided, that Mueller and the FBI just decided to just, you know, stop by three locations involving Michael Cohen, his home, you know the office and the hotel and execute a warrant.
This, as you said, met a very high legal threshold.
LEVINSON: Well, not only that but we're conflating a number of issues. You're not complaining of a President Trump as complaining that when he says and there's no collusion with Russia. This investigation into Michael Cohen may be entirely separate, and in fact, it's almost exceedingly likely that there would be a special grant, a separate grand jury dealing only with Michael Cohen.
And that again, Robert Mueller said we are referring this to you, federal attorneys in the (Inaudible).
SESAY: So to be fair or to be clear rather, Michael Cohen is the President's personal attorney. Some of the paperwork swept up in this would be communications between Michael Cohen and his client, the President Donald Trump. What is the process -- I mean, what about this whole attorney-client privilege. What is covered? What is protected?
[02:19:50] LEVINSON: Well, I mean the umbrella is that communications between an attorney and a client for the purpose of giving and receiving legal advice are covered under a very broad and very important attorney-client privilege. Then there's a but, but there's a lot of exceptions to that privilege. And the exception of people who have been talking about the most today is something called the crime fraud exception.
And the idea is that if you, as an attorney and a client are having a conversation that amounts to a crime or a fraud, then you essentially lose your protection of the attorney-client privilege, and you can no longer claim, oh, I won't get over this documents. Nowhere guessing as to whether or not that's what occurred here, but I will say that there could be two different teams that look over this information.
A so-called clean team and a dirty team, and what that means is that you go through all the documents that are seized by the warrant and you look to see which ones might be protected by attorney-client privilege, which is another way of saying that the U.S. attorneys are being very careful with this investigation, and it is highly unlikely that they would want to violate the attorney-client privilege.
And again, because the house that was at issue, there's in fact a higher threshold that they have to satisfy in order to get that warrant.
SESAY: I mean the President's supporters have said that Mueller is on a fishing expedition, that this is what happens when you get a special counsel. But doesn't this actually prove -- well, you tell me some have argued it proves that he's actually trying to stay within his mandate and that's why he handed it off to the New York federal attorney.
LEVINSON: Right. And Robert Mueller's mandate actually is quite broad. So if you look at the memo that Rod Rosenstein, who is in the Department of Justice and who is overseeing the special counsel actually wrote when he said we need a special counsel, is very broad and arguably it could even cover certain situations where you sweep and you're looking at something unrelated, and then you are looking at Michael Cohen and then you find other potential criminal activity.
But I think Robert Mueller is doing something very careful where he said we're referring this out. So the U.S. attorney is the Southern District of New York is going to separately look at this.
SESAY: Having said that, you generally gave some (Inaudible) points. The President is conflating lots of different things and he is angry with a lot of people, clearly. He named checked you know, Robert Mueller. He named checked Rod Rosenstein. Do you think the Mueller inquiry is in peril as we talk right now? Do you think he's moved a step closer to being fired?
LEVINSON: Well, I guess I would say two things. The Mueller inquiry is actually not a Mueller inquiry. It's a special counsel inquiry, and the Department of Justice has said we need a special counsel to do this. So even if Robert Mueller's fired, it's a separate question as to whether the inquiry will continue and whether the investigation will continue. And I think that it will.
Whether Robert Mueller will be fired, yes, I think we are actually a step closer to that. I have a feeling every lawyer in the White House is saying to the President don't do this. Don't fire Robert Mueller, because frankly, it is just such an important piece of evidence in the case of obstruction of justice if you fire the person who's investigating you for all of these issues.
Or I should say investigating the Trump campaign, and we do know that the President is a subject of that investigation, not the target, but a subject. That difference could merely be because it's not entirely clear as to whether you can indict a sitting President, in which case he would always be a subject, he would never be the target.
SESAY: But if you fire the special counsel, do you automatically become a target.
LEVINSON: Not if you can't indict a sitting President.
LEVINSON: You can never push you into the target category. But if you fire the special counsel, I would say at that point, you have so forced the hands of those in the political leadership. Because that, and you -- I know that we may have thought that would have happened you know, time and time again. But at that point, it's so screams of obstruction of justice that I think there might be enough political pressure on the leadership to say we really have to look at what's happening here.
SESAY: Fascinating. Jessica, I'm so pleased you're here with us, to help us understand all of these issues. Thank you.
LEVINSON: Thank you.
SESAY: Thank you for the insight. Appreciate it. Well, for the first time North Korean state media have reported on the country's upcoming talks with the United States and South Korea. State media reported North Korean leader Kim Jong-Un chaired the meeting with the members of the workers party. Reports say Kim presented the north's strategic and tactical goals for the talks to the party. There were no specifics of what was said at the meeting. Kim's meeting with U.S. President Donald Trump is expected in late May or early June.
Well, now to the election, resulted in Hungary delighting nationalists, ringing alarm bells in some European capitals. Viktor Orban's huge victory will likely give the newest skeptic Prime Minister's sweeping powers. But one of his observers had some harsh words for the campaign, saying there was "intimidating and xenophobic rhetoric. Phil Black has more.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
[02:24:57] PHIL BLACK, CNN CORRESPONDENT: A crushing electoral victory for a man many consider an enemy of European democracy. Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban's supporters cheered loudly as he thanked them for a third consecutive term. He told them there is a big battle behind them. We have won a crucial victory created for ourselves a chance to defend Hungary, but defend from whom.
Long before this election campaign, Orban declared immigrants to be Hungary's enemy, especially Muslim immigrants. In 2015, as huge numbers of people fled the Syrian war, seeking refuge in Europe, Orban declared they would not be welcome in Hungary, and built a razor wire fence along the border to make sure there could be no doubt.
It's proved to be a politically powerful message that Hungary has the third lowest levels of immigration in the European Union. And even before that, Orban was considered the awkward guest at E.U. gatherings. E.U. officials in Brussels have accused Hungarian government policies of undermining democracy, human right, rule of law, independent media, and nongovernment organizations.
Orban's politically successful response is to dismiss such criticisms as attacks on Hungary's sovereignty.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We are members of the U.N. We are loyal members of (Inaudible) -- of our country because we love our country and we are fighting for the future of our country.
BLACK: Orban's other key message, Hungary's economy is performing strongly. The lines were long for this vote and high turnout is often a good sign for opposition parties but not here. The vote against Orban's Fidesz Party was split among various divided opposition groups that failed to rally around one idea or leader.
European electoral observer's say opponents had another disadvantage. This wasn't an equal contest because state resources were used to Orban's advantage. Hungary's Prime Minister has spoken in his belief in what he calls illiberal democracy, which critics say is a small step from autocracy. He hasn't been shy in courting a close relationship with a powerful strongman to the east Russia's Vladimir Putin.
Now, Viktor Orban has a large parliamentary majority to continue shaping his country in ways that are increasingly uncomfortable for his allies in the west, Phil Black, CNN.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
SESAY: Well, Facebook CEO relayed some ground work on Capitol Hill. Mark Zuckerberg meets with lawmakers ahead of this high stakes testimony Tuesday and Wednesday. Plus, Chinese President Xi Jin-Ping is promising to lower some import tariffs but will that be enough to ease trade tensions with the U.S. We'll discuss next.
SESAY: You're watching CNN Newsroom live from Los Angeles. I'm Isha Sesay with the headlines this hour. President Donald Trump says the U.S. will respond forcefully to the suspected chemical attack on a rebel enclave in Syria. They says it will make a decision on what their response will be in the next 24 to 48 hours adding that nothing is off the table. FBI agents raided the office and hotel room of Michael Cohen, President Donald Trump's personal lawyer. Sources tell CNN some of the documents seized relate to Stormy Daniels. She's the porn star who alleges she had an affair with Donald Trump in 2006 and says she was paid by Cohen to keep it quiet. The popular video sharing website YouTube has come under fire from numerous advocacy groups in a complaint filed Monday with the U.S. Federal Trade Commission.
They say YouTube illegally collects data but under age viewers and profits from it. Mark Zuckerberg will testify before Congress for the first time on Tuesday. The Facebook CEO meets with some lawmakers Monday. His appearance comes after reports a data firm with ties to Donald Trump's presidential campaign improperly accessed millions of users' personal information. Zuckerberg has been under growing pressure to explain how it happed and what Facebook is doing to protect users' privacy now. Well, for more on what we can expect in these hearings, CNN Money, Technology, and Business Correspondent Samuel Burke joins us from Jerusalem. Samuel, good to see you. What are the expectations for this appearance by Zuckerberg? Do we expect fireworks?
SAMUEL BURKE, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: It's my fault, Isha. That is all we're expected to hear from Mark Zuckerberg over and over again that he takes responsibility for this, that he is sorry, that he's the head of Facebook. He is responsible for everything at Facebook. But this really isn't just about Cambridge Analytica. There have been politicians who been wanting to question Mark Zuckerberg for everything from Cambridge Analytica to fake news, to Russia propaganda on his platform. And we know from his prepared remarks that he is going to address all of this. But this is also about the bigger business model for Facebook. This is about big data, our relationship with tech companies.
I'm in Israel right now which is known as the start-up nation and then all of these tech CEOs that I'm speaking to here are saying that they realize that if the biggest tech company in the world, the one that sets the bar for how things are dealt within the tech world is having to change, they realized that all of these companies are going to have to change. And of course, this is a question of Mark Zuckerberg's leadership. He told us just a few weeks ago that he wouldn't be the person to do this, that he's not comfortable in front of the camera. But of course the pressure, the tens of billions of dollars lost in market value from the pressure on the stock price and the global spotlight being on him means that this is the biggest moment in his entire career and will be a test of how he can handle a situation like this.
SESAY: Yes. And let's be clear, Samuel. Mark Zuckerberg doesn't -- like you said, he said, you know, he wasn't looking forward to this. He didn't rush towards going to this hearing or this hearing. He doesn't like being in the spotlight and he doesn't really do well when Facebook is criticized. I mean this is going to be a real test of him as the CEO and his maturity really as a leader.
BURKE: A lot of people say that he's live in filtered bubble. We hear so much about the filter bubbles that we live in on Facebook. But because he's in this tech world that really sees him as the giant of technology. He may not have realized exactly how powerful his company had grown. So we've seen reports that say he's practicing with P.R. firms right now, people experienced in previous White House administrations from Republicans to Democrats helping him prep. But there could be even more new questions. Today, a CNN report has just come out. You'll only see this on CNN. We discovered that the biggest Black Lives Matter Facebook page out there was actually run by a middle age white guy in Australia and that lots of the money that had been raised to supposedly help Black Lives Matter was actually going to accounts in Australia and seemingly not helping any type of the advocacy groups behind Black Lives Matter.
So these are the type of questions that are fundamental to what Facebook represents. If you think that you're supporting a page like this one, a community and then all of a sudden you find out that it's going to someone in Australia really makes you question exactly what the social network is all about and every day we learn a new story like this one that makes not just the politicians but people like you and me, Isha, think about what our role is, how we interact these other people in the world through all these types of social networks, not just Facebook. So it's really the whole tech world that's up against the politicians today in the United States.
SESAY: Yes. And every single one of those tech CEOs hoping that they can -- they could do their best to stop the rising tidal, the growing interest in regulation. We'll see what happens. Samuel Burke joining us there from Jerusalem. Samuel, appreciate it. Thank you.
[02:35:04] Well, Chinese President Xi Jinping is promising to open up his country's market further as an economic forum. In China, President Xi pledge to low import tariffs of vehicle than other products to welcome foreign investment and to protect international property rights. That addresses at least some of the criticisms the Trump Administration cited for threatening China with tariffs. President Xi did not mention President Trump directly but he urged global leaders to resolve disputes through dialogue and not through confrontation.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
XI JINPING, PRESIDENT OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA (via translator): China will continue to adhere to its fundamental national policy of opening up and pursue development with its doors wide open. I wish to make it clear to you all that China's door of opening up will not be closed and would only open even wider. We must refrain from bigger thy neighbor and reject power politics or hegemony while the strong bullies the weak. Instead, we must properly manage differences and work together for enduring peace.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
SESAY: Well, our Matt Rivers is following in the world forum from Beijing and joins us now. Matt, President Trump talking tariffs in the U.S., but President Xi seems to be taking a different approach. Give us some perspective on what he said.
MATT RIVERS, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: You know, there's kind of two things going on I think in this speech, Isha. You have President Xi laying out the kinds of economic reforms there that not only the United States, but countries across the world would like to see China engage in and it's the kind of rhetoric that people like to hear. So he's talking about strengthening intellectual property rights. That's been a sticking point with the Trump Administration for a while now and the Obama Administration and the Bush Administration before that. You had him talking about improving market access for foreign companies. You had him talking about increasing imports from foreign countries here. All of that is exactly what the Trump Administration wants to hear. And specifically, Xi Jinping bringing up cars, you know, that's not by accident. You saw the president tweet on Monday about the unfair trading practice about how China has a 25 percent tariff on automobile imports here while the U.S. only has a 2.5 percent. He called that very unfair. And so the fact that President Xi Jinping brought that up today specifically probably is not a coincidence saying that those tariffs will be lowered significantly by the end of 2018. That said it's important to know the context to all of these. These are promises that China has made for years and years, and year now. And most experts will tell you that they are promises of reforms that have largely gone unfulfilled, that this remains a protectionist country, that this remains a very difficult place to do business. And so if you're a skeptic looking at this speech, looking for some sort of substantive economic reforms that will change the way China does business with the rest of $the world, you're hearing the same familiar promises from the President of China that you've heard for years now.
SESAY: So with that being said and the fact that we've heard these promises before and they've yielded little change, how do we expect President Trump to respond?
RIVERS: Yes. And that's going to be the big question. Is this lowering of automobile tariffs enough of a win for the Trump Administration that President Trump looks at that? And says look, I did that. I'm the reason behind China doing that or does he look at the broader context and say, well, in this speech, we didn't really see anything new. The kind of really deep reforms that would actually have an impact on lowering the trade deficit something the Trump Administration has wanted to do for a while now. We're now exactly sure how he's going to respond. We're certainly going to be looking at the Twitter feed in a couple of hours from now, four hours, or so from now.
But one more thing before I let you go, Isha, we've been seeing a lot in Chinese media about this People's Daily commentary to state-run newspaper here and in this commentary they're saying that these new opening up measures won't apply the opening up measures that Xi Jinping talked about won't apply to countries that violate World Trade Organization norms. And what we've seen from China recently is that they have accused the United States of violating the WTO agreements with these proposed tariffs. So what' you're seeing in Chinese media is pushback here saying, well, President Xi didn't make this speech in response to Donald Trump. You're seeing a stick and a carrot approach perhaps here with China saying you can have access to these reforms but only if you back-off these tariffs.
SESAY: That's quite the strategy. Matt Rivers joining us from Beijing. Appreciate it. Thank you. Well, next on Newsroom L.A., the ultimate sound of silence, a room so quiet you can hear your own heartbeat.
[02:41:46] SESAY: If you're looking for some peace and quiet, you want to check out the world's quietest room. The chamber is at Microsoft's headquarters in Washington State. All sound from the outside is blocked out and all sound inside is stopped cold. There's no echo in the room, so noise reaches the lowest threshold, the absolute zero of sound. The room is so quiet you can hear your heartbeat. The ringing in your ear sounds deafening and when you move, you can hear your bones grind. Yes, it is that quiet. Take a listen if you can.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: What I'm going to do is open the door and let you hear what our engineers are doing on the outside. They're listening loud music while working. And I'm going to close the door.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
SESAY: (INAUDIBLE) surprise. Microsoft's room is registered in the Guinness World Record as the world's quietest place. And take a look at this video from Denmark. This silo was supposed to fall over, but the plan demo went array when it fell in the wrong, yes, that's one direction. The 53-meter silo in Southern Denmark damaged a small section of a library. The demolition had been planned for six months. No one was injured. But an investigation has been launched to figure out how that went so wrong. Thank you for watching CNN Newsroom live from Los Angeles. I'm Isha Sesay. World Sport is up next. You're watching CNN.
[02:45:13] KATE RILEY, CNN INTERNATIONAL SPORTS ANCHOR: Hello and welcome along to CNN WORLD SPORT. I'm Kate Riley at CNN Center. For the 4th year running, and the 7th time in eight seasons. The new Masters' golf champion is a first-time major winner. Patrick Reed claimed the famous green jacket after finishing on 15 under par on Sunday evening.
In Augusta, a stroke ahead of the rest of the field. Playing in the final pairing with Rory McIlroy, Reed's overnight lead was down to one shot until he runs by a birdie part on the third hole. Lately, he joked, he would still be rolling if that haven't gone in. For the first time all week, he's been birdie any of the par five. So, birdie at the 12th, calls at the difficult aiming corner was crucial. And then, he reached the last hole.
Reed, only needed a par four to secure his sixth PGA Tour victory as his first major title. Remarkable really, when you consider in four previous Masters appearances, Reed missed the cut twice and never had around in the 60's.
But this year, he was too good for the rest of the field, Rickie Fowler, but did sixth of his last 11 holes. But he finished a stroke behind in second place, and his wait for a first major title continues. Jordan Spieth was third and would have tied the course record if he hadn't bogeyed the last. CNN's Don Riddell is there for us and sat down with Reed and his green jacket.
DON RIDDELL, CNN SPORTS ANCHOR: Kate, Patrick Reed is the new Masters champion, and he certainly deserves it from the way he's played here over the last week. This is a young man who burst on to the scene, he was cocky and brush, proclaiming himself to be a top-five player.
And I tell you what, he has always backed it up with his performances, and while he still isn't ranked in the top five, I can tell you there are many other players in those positions who have not become Masters champion and who never will be. It is no secret that this man is hard to like. If you go online, you can read all about it.
One of the most unusual aspects, though, is that he's estranged from his family. His mom and dad lived, actually, right here in Augusta, just a few miles from the course. And yet they played no part in his victory or the celebrations. That some would say is too unusual to ignore. Here is our interview.
RIDDELL: Patrick, may, many congratulations. What an absolutely wonderful achievement. I know this is something you've wanted for a long time. And here you are, the Masters champion receiving messages of congratulations from the president of the United States. Can you describe your journey to this point and how it feels to be wearing the green jacket?
PATRICK REED, CHAMPION, 2018 MASTERS TOURNAMENT: Well, its dream come true and -- you know, I really haven't come off -- come off cloud nine yet. You know, I just -- it's something that as a kid you always dream about as -- you know, you're always on the putting green, be on a guy with this pass into a green jacket -- this pants -- you know. I have to make -- I have to get this up and down to win the green jacket. And to actually finally -- you know, be sitting down have my first major be the green jacket, and to be able to sit here wearing it, it's a -- it's a surreal moment for me.
And it's something that I'll never forget. And it kind of makes me hungry to get back out there and try to win some more, and just go out, and you know, just enjoy the ride, and enjoy the moment.
RIDDELL: Speaking of being hungry, we've known for some time what a ferocious competitive you are, especially in a team events that (INAUDIBLE). It's as if there's a volcano inside of you, you're so passionate, you're so hungry. Perhaps, the times like you got a point to prove, do you have any idea where this drive comes from?
REED: I think, biggest thing was when I was younger, I always played an age group up. So, it usually doesn't seem like it's that big of a deal but when you're 10 and playing as 12 year old or you're 15, playing as 18 year olds, just the growth that happens on how much far are those guys at the ball, how much more experience they have. And you know, I always believe that I can beat them. And you know, I learned how to take defeat early on. And you know, it made me hungry to win and want to win.
And you know, once I won my first time, I really believed in myself at that point. Because of that, just kind of boy is always kind of been inside me that no matter where I play, or what I'm doing, you know, we're going to try to go out and win. And you know, and really, this just the kind of minds that a boys had.
RIDDELL: With this success comes a whole new level of exposure. More opportunities, celebrity, fame, and fortune. But, equally, some are going to want to tell the Patrick Reed story, the personal story, the back story. How much is that concerned you?
[02:49:50] REED: Honestly, it doesn't really concern me. You know, I am who I am. You know, that first when I was when I was born, you know, I evolved into -- you know, childhood.
Childhood into high school, high school into college, college into professional golf. And you know, dirtiest chapters in my life that -- you know, and it's just something that I have always -- you know, once you're successful, there's going to be good things and bad things that people say. And honestly, to me, it doesn't really matter. As long as I'm happy with who I and how I am to other people, honestly, you know, to me that's all I can control.
RIDDELL: It's interesting, at the start of the round, Patrick Reed was playing in the final group with the Northern Irishman Rory McIlroy, and it really photos of the patrons were rooting for McIlroy, more than this young American. There could be a number of reasons for that won, perhaps, simply that the patrons here wanted to see a piece of history because McIlroy was trying to become only the sixth player to complete the career slam. Obviously, that didn't work out.
But it's not just go offense is the media too. In the press conference afterwards, it felt like a cold experience, Reed, came in and he wasn't gushing in the way I've seen on other Masters champions do. If there is other questions from the journalists were polite rather that warm, but the end it was a round of applause. But it was really very, very half-hearted and a bit muted.
You know, you don't have to be popular to win major titles and it really is none of our business what is going on with Patrick Reed, in his teammates, in his friends in the past, and his family more recently. It really shouldn't matter, but the level of exposure that is going to come with this success. The spotlight will be brighter. I suspect the people are going to want to know what Patrick Reed's true story really is. Kate, back to you.
RILEY: All right, then, surprising news from the world of football. Japan have sacked their coach just 70 days before their first World Cup match. We'll tell you who's in and who's out when CNN WORLD SPORT return.
RILEY: Japanese from Japan where would just over two months until kick off of the Russia 2018 World Cup. Football coach is being sacked and replaced. But -- Vahid Halilhodzic had been Japan's coach since March 2015, and led the Blue Samurai to their 6th straight World Cup. But pressure been building on the 65 year old (INAUDIBLE) after two lot cluster friendly last month.
On Monday, the head of Japan's football association announced the dismissal and immediate replacement. Akira Nishino, the technical director of the Japanese F.A. Well, after the first round of the Champions League quarter-finals, we have a pretty clear picture of he is going through to the semis.
Real Madrid and Bayern Munich have both got crucial away wins to their names and let's be realistic. You would have to heavily fave a Barcelona to advance after their 4-1 win at home to Roma.
However, if one team can turn their quarterfinal around, it's Manchester City. The runaway Premier League leaders lost the first leg away to Liverpool 3-0. But now, will return home where event he lost once whole season. And that was this weekend to local rivals Manchester United. And where there also be Liverpool, 5-0 back at the start of the season.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
[02:54:52] PEP GUARDIOLA, MANAGER, MANCHESTER UNITED: Of course, to go through, we have to make almost a perfect game. So, create out of chances, be clinical, when you create the chances, concede few chances. And the chances we are going to receive -- you know, different well, and that we'll keep or save it, all the condition. And so, you have to make almost perfect game to go through because the result is tough.
If we date about to have 90 minutes and football, an oldest sports, basketball, oldest sport, everything can happen. So, only we can do and always we are going to do is right. And we'll see --
(END VIDEO CLIP)
RILEY: In Tuesday, on the second leg quarter-final, Roma faces similar uphill battled training by three goals to Barca. The Italian side currently sitting force in Syria have only made it this far three times before. And the last time they're after by Man United at this date, a decade ago, but there's hope for Roma once-mighty Barcelona have been eliminated at this stage, the past two seasons and three of the last four still score in three goals and conceding none even atone to a Barca side that hasn't lost the Champions League or La Liga match, or season will be no easy task though.
All right, that is it for this edition of WORLD SPORT. We'll see you at the same time tomorrow. Before we go, let's remind you of Patrick Reed, a major breakthrough at Augusta National on Sunday night. It's all in our "ROLEX MINUTE".
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The Augusta National Golf Club has a new champion. They arrived from 23 different countries. Somewhere on their first visit, some came with the experience of previous victories here. But none could overcome the (INAUDIBLE) of Patrick Reed, who held firm on the pressure to win the 82nd Masters Tournament.
It look though like Jordan Spieth would be winning a second green jacket. A 2015 champion carded nine birdies on Sunday and pulled level with Reed on the 16th. But the bogey on the last stop him at 13 under and the third place overall. Second, went to Rickie Fowler, only one shorted drift. It's the American's eighth top-five finish in a major since 2011.
But Reed showed nerves of steel down the stretch, closing with 100 par 71, to win his first major championship.
ROSEMARY CHURCH, CNN INTERNATIONAL ANCHOR: The war in Syria, U.S. President Donald Trump is vowing to respond --