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U.S. Supreme Court Takes Travel Ban Case; A Speech By France`s President to the U.S. Congress; Facebook Faces Controversies

Aired April 26, 2018 - 04:00   ET


CARL AZUZ, CNN 10 ANCHOR: Thanks for watching CNN 10. We are your down- the-middle explanation of world events and I`m your anchor, Carl Azuz. Great to see you this April 26th.

The U.S. Supreme Court heard arguments yesterday on what could be the most significant case of its current term. It concerns the restrictions that

the Trump administration put in place last year on people coming to the U.S. from seven countries.

There have been three versions of what`s been called the travel ban. They`ve been changed as conditions have changed, and as legal challenges to

the bans have played out.

Most of the countries in the ban have Muslim majority populations and while he was on the campaign trail, then-presidential candidate Donald Trump had

called for a shutdown of Muslims entering the United States. So, critics have argued the ban is discriminatory and unconstitutional.

Most of the Muslim world is not restricted in the travel ban and the Trump administration says the restrictions that are in place are necessary for

national security. So, supporters have argued that the president has the constitutional authority to keep certain non-citizens out of the country.

The Supreme Court`s decision on this is being closely watched across the country. It could be looked at future presidents when they shape their

immigration policies, as well as lower courts if a case involves what a candidate says on the campaign trail.

Experts say a president does have power over immigration and national security. This case could more clearly define that. The high court`s

decision is expected this June.


AZUZ (voice-over): Ten-second trivia:

What country has more time zones than any other nation?

Russia, China, Brazil, or France?

France is the smallest country here in terms of land area, but its overseas territories help stretch across 12 time zones, the most in the world.


AZUZ: Yesterday, France`s leader addressed a joint session of U.S. Congress, 58 years to the day after one of his predecessors, former French

President Charles de Gaulle, did the same thing.

Current French President Emmanuel Macron was wrapping a three-day state visit to the U.S. Capitol. He was the formal guest of President Trump.

The two leaders have a close relationship, but that doesn`t mean they always see eye to eye on world issues.


EMMANUEL MACRON, PRESIDENT OF FRANCE: By polluting the oceans, not mitigating CO2 emissions, and destroying our biodiversity, we are killing

our planet. Let us face it. There is no planet B.

As for Iran, our objective is clear. Iran shall never possess any nuclear weapons.

Closing the door to the world will not stop the evolution of the world. It will not douse but enflame the fears of our citizens. We have to keep our

eyes wide open to the new risks right in front of us.


AZUZ: Next, has the recent data scandal had a financial impact on Facebook? Its stock`s been on a rollercoaster ride since last month when

news came out that the company named Cambridge Analytica might have inappropriately gotten the information of 87 million Facebook users without

them knowing about it.


SAMUEL BURKE, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Facebook`s January earnings push its stock price to record highs.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It really is an absolutely bumpful week for Facebook.

BURKE: But it`s been a flood of bad news ever since.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Facebook under mounting pressure to answer questions about how a data firm with ties to President Trump`s 2016 campaign

collected private information from more than 50 million Facebook users without their permission.

BURKE: It was revelation that rocked the social media giant.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Over the last five days, Facebook stocks fell over 3 percent.

BURKE: And shook public trust.

The backlash forced founder Mark Zuckerberg on an apology tour. First in the media --

MARK ZUCKERBERG, FOUNDER AND CEO, FACEBOOK: This was a major breach of trust and I`m really sorry that this happened.

BURKE: And then in front of a Congress now seeking to regulate Facebook.

ZUCKERBERG: I started Facebook, I run it, and I`m responsible for what happens here.

BURKE: But that wasn`t the end of Facebook`s troubles this quarter.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Facebook`s CEO was supposed to publicly defend his platform for the second time in as many weeks.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg has been forced to disavow an internal memo that called for growth at any costs.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Facebook is having to deal with yet another controversy.

MATT LEWIS, FOUNDER, MONEYSAVINGEXPERT.COM: What I want is for Facebook to stop being complicit in scamming vulnerable people. Facebook needs to

police itself. Not asking me to police it.

BURKE: The company was called out for collecting the call logs and text messages of its Android users, scanning the photos and links users sent

over messenger and even accused in spreading hate speech on the platform that sparked violence in Sri Lanka.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Every time Facebook comes forward to try to put out one fire, another fire pops up.

BURKE: Amid the firestorm, Facebook has hired more staff to police it s platform. It`s promised to make easier for users to retain control over

their data and it said it would adhere globally to tough new European Union data protections coming into effect next month.

CHRIS HUGHES, CO-FOUNDER, FACEBOOK: Facebook is at a turning point. The question is how much -- how many resources can they invest to solve these



AZUZ: The company issued a report yesterday that indicated it is weathering the storm. Despite the backlash from the scandal, which

included a "delete Facebook" campaign, the number of people using Facebook actually grew. It now has 2.2 billion monthly users. At the end of last

year, it had 2.13 billion.

As far as revenue goes, Facebook hauled in almost $12 billion for the first three months of this year. That`s close to 50 percent more money than it

got the first three months of last year. But some analysts say it`s early yet, that the scandal could still impact the company`s earnings in the

months ahead.

You probably know someone who fits the description of a positive athlete. It could be because he keeps fighting through struggles. Maybe she helps

others when she`s not I the game. You can nominate that person for our new series at

Today`s report is on Trevor Melehan who set up a toy drive for the hospital where he was once a patient.


UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Trevor was a very active toddler. In 2003, Trevor was climbing up into his car seat in our van and he was complaining of a

pain in his back. As soon as (INAUDIBLE) MRI could be done was the next day here at Egleston. The MRI showed that there is a mass along his spine,

between his fourth and fifth lumbar. Their first concern was that it was cancer.

TREVOR MELEHAN, POSITIVE ATHLETE: I realized how lucky I was. I think it was a serious deal and I didn`t know anything about it.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The mass that was found was pressing along the nerves that are responsible for your lower body. Trevor was on the brink of being

a paraplegic.

MELEHAN: They took part of my spine out and moved the mass. I`ve recovered since then.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: So, once Trevor was on the move again, basically, there was no stopping him.

And ultimately ended up being a runner.

MELEHAN: I decided that I wanted to give back to Children`s Healthcare of Atlanta. I wasn`t sure how I do it, so I contacted the volunteer

coordinator, Catherine (ph).

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: He knew me after I talked to Lauren, letting me know that he was a past patient here and the impact that this hospital had on

his life and they went to give back for his senior project here.

MELEHAN: We`re hoping we could make kind of like an Easter arrangement for the kids.

We decided that a toy job would be the best option.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Donations are huge part of the hospital. They are used in many capacities and our nurses and child specialist here use them

for incentives, help kids get out of their rooms and out of their beds in the hospital. They`re used for birthdays or different celebrations.

MELEHAN: It was slightly surprising because I wasn`t sure like how many toys I get. I didn`t think it could be the 300-plus that I ended up

bringing in. I was really excited though because it was, it exceeded my expectations and I know that these toys would go to the children and cheer

them up.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It`s amazing how the community comes together. It really was this rally of wanting to support Trevor and support the

hospital. It`s just that many more smiles that are being delivered to these kids.

MELEHAN: It makes me feel great. (INAUDIBLE) one of those kids at some point. I knew that I would love to see all these toys are out of my room.

I know that 16 boxes of toys aren`t going to one kid`s room, but still, they`ve got to be so happy.


AZUZ: If you visit a Smithsonian Museum this summer, the person who greets you may not be a person at all. This is Pepper and it attempts to answer

visitors` frequently asked questions like, where`s the bathroom, Pepper? At least it does when it`s not dancing, telling stories or posing for


A robotics company donated 25 Peppers to the Smithsonian. Each one is valued at $25,000. Museum officials say Peppers won`t replace human

volunteers, but we don`t know how it will handle stress.

If it`s peppered with a battery of questions for instance, will that short- circuit the robot? Oh, sure, people get a charged out of it now, but will the novelty power down because its answers are all robotic? Whether

artificial intelligence eventually replaces actual intelligence, it`s tough to replace the human touch with plastic.

I`m Carl Azuz for CNN 10.