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G7 Summit Ends in Chaos; U.S.-North Korea Summit; Tributes Pour in for Anthony Bourdain; Royal Family Celebrates Queen's Birthday. Aired 12m-12:30a ET
Aired June 10, 2018 - 00:00 ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
CYRIL VANIER, CNN ANCHOR (voice-over): Donald Trump accuses Canada's prime minister of being weak and dishonest. The G7 ends much as it began, in total disagreement.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
DONALD TRUMP (R), PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: I think within the first minute I'll know.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
VANIER (voice-over): Mr. Trump is en route to Singapore for his meeting with Kim Jong-un. He says he expects to size up the North Korean leader almost instantly when they meet.
Plus, remembering Anthony Bourdain. Around the world, fans pay tribute to a master chef, traveler, storyteller.
From the CNN Center here in Atlanta, I'm Cyril Vanier. It's great to have you with us.
VANIER: So six of the seven G7 members were stunned on Saturday after U.S. president Donald Trump's brief but contentious visit. For a time, it had appeared that acrimony over U.S. trade tariffs had been papered over. All seven nations had agreed to a joint statement.
Just hours later, though, Mr. Trump angrily rejected it, singling out Canadian prime minister Justin Trudeau. Here's the tweet.
"Based on Justin's false statements at his news conference, and the fact that Canada is charging massive Tariffs to our U.S. farmers, workers and companies, I have instructed our U.S. Reps not to endorse the Communique as we look at Tariffs on automobiles flooding the U.S. Market!"
What did Mr. Trudeau say that was so offensive?
here it is. (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
JUSTIN TRUDEAU, CANADIAN PRIME MINISTER: I highlighted directly to the president that Canadians did not take it lightly that the United States has moved forward with significant tariffs on our steel and aluminum industry, particularly did not take lightly the fact that it's based on a national security reason that, for Canadians, who either themselves or whose parents or community members have stood shoulder to shoulder with American soldiers in far-off lands and conflicts from the First World War onwards, that it's kind of insulting.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
VANIER: And now to Donald Trump's tweets.
Mr. Trudeau's office responded, "The Prime Minister said nothing he hasn't said before, both in public and in private conversations with the president."
Just before leaving the summit early, President Trump took aim at the entire group of allies, accusing them of taking advantage of the U.S.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
TRUMP: It's going to change. It's going to change. It's not a question of I hope it changes. It's going to change 100 percent. And tariffs are going to come way down because we -- people cannot continue to do that. We're like the piggy bank that everybody's robbing. And that ends.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
VANIER: U.K. prime minister Theresa May claims to have a very good relationship with the U.S. president, for her part. She remains conciliatory to the end. Here's what she said. But bear in mind, this was before Mr. Trump rejected the communique.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
THERESA MAY, BRITISH PRIME MINISTER: As I've said we have had some difficult discussions, some open and frank conversations around the table at this G7. But the point of being here at the G7 is we are able to do that.
We are able, we know each other, we are able to have those full and frank discussions. And by working together, we come to resolution. And that's exactly what we've done. And what you will see in the communique is agreed language in relation to trade. What you will see in the communique is agreed language in relation to Russia.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
VANIER: Political analyst Peter Matthews joins us from Los Angeles. He teaches political science at Cypress College. He is a friend of the show, of course. Peter, I just wonder, when you hear those words, false statements,
weak, meek and all the other words that the U.S. president used to describe the Canadian prime minister, is there a point, you think, when the damage done to the relationships becomes irreparable?
PETER MATTHEWS, CYPRESS COLLEGE: I'm really concerned about it, Cyril, because it's very demeaning and insulting for the president to use those kinds of words when the prime minister was basically only telling the truth.
And it's very dangerous. Our closest ally, the closest physically and, in many ways, politically is Canada. And yet we have this kind relationship now and also with the other G7 members.
It was a really horrible meeting, I believe, from Trump's perspective, from our perspective what Trump did. He basically set the whole post- World War alliances back by quite a bit. We don't know where it's going in terms of the danger of this action of his and the --
VANIER: Consider the flip side of the argument, which would be that the U.S. president -- perhaps no one else -- but the U.S. president perhaps can get away with this because he is so powerful, he plays such a central role in world order and world trade, everything, that different rules apply to him?
MATTHEWS: That certainly may be true. But other presidents didn't behave this way. It is not good for the United States or for the --
MATTHEWS: -- Western allies to be treated that way. Let me make this point. The trade deficit in the world with the U.S. is only about $552 billion. That's $552 billion and the E.U. deficit is about $92 billion. It's not that much, really, when you consider it, in goods and services.
And the fact is, you have to be able to find a way to sell those products around the world and to the people who want to buy those products. And that's the problem. I believe that there is a different way to go about this than insulting our neighbors and our allies.
And Canada was in several wars with us, as Prime Minister Trudeau pointed out. That's a very wrong way to go about it. And just because the president can -- thinks he can do it because we are a powerful country, economically and militarily, it doesn't mean he should do it (INAUDIBLE) United States security or our friendship with other countries (INAUDIBLE).
VANIER: On the substance of Mr. Trump's argument, and you started addressing this, which is that allies are robbing the United States, does he have a point there?
MATTHEWS: No, he does not, really, because there's a problem here with American behavior toward its own industries. We don't subsidize our industries nearly enough in the right way.
America gives out money to big agricultural farmers to export our products and subsidize them, buying them crop insurance and giving them tax deductions. But we don't really promote the industrial policy like Japan and Germany do.
Those are examples where other European countries are also doing the same thing and that is what the government provides, research and development, to feed to the corporations. In turn, they compete. They put it together with their own research and development. And they come up with the best products in the world, modern products and they export all over the world.
That's why they have the balance of trade surplus in Germany and Japan because the government's been involved in that. In the U.S., we backed away from that policy, from industrial policy, when many Republicans came into office recently, it took us away from that government support for our businesses and for our workers.
That's the problem. Even American workers are paid a lot less than European workers in terms of how much they can buy with the product they're paid. That's the real problem. That's what Trump should be looking at, not this artificial way of putting tariffs and starting a trade war like was done in the 1930s, with the Smoot-Hawley Tariff.
VANIER: Donald Trump also said that G7 countries would have to agree to new trade rules. Listen to this.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
TRUMP: It's going to change. It's going to change. They have no choice. If it is not going to change, we are not going to trade with them.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
VANIER: Look, can the United States force new trade rules onto its allies?
MATTHEWS: Very dangerous to attempt to do that because it is very demeaning, first of all, to talk down to the allies who are our equals in many ways, economically especially. Then on top of that, it could backfire into allies retaliating as they already have, proposed a $700 billion tariff system on U.S. products.
And then Trump is saying, don't retaliate to our retaliation?
He is the one who started the trade war. I don't think I see it that way at all from Trump's point of view. It's going to backfire on the United States and on our American people and the people of Europe as well and the world eventually. And this is a real problem for our economic situation, as for working Americans and working middle class people around the world. And the working poor as well.
VANIER: All right, Peter Matthews, always a pleasure to see you. Thank you. MATTHEWS: Thank you very much.
VANIER: President Trump left Canada and then headed straight for Singapore for his summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un. Mr. Trump is on his way there right now. The face-to-face meeting is set for Tuesday. The president calls the trip "a mission of peace and a rare opportunity for Kim."
He tweeted from Air Force One. And he said he has a feeling that, quote, "This one-time opportunity will not be wasted."
However, before leaving Canada, Mr. Trump also seemed to lower expectations.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
TRUMP: I think the minimum would be a relationship. You would start at least a dialogue because, you know, as a deal person, I have done very well with deals, what you want to do is start that.
Now I'd like to accomplish more than that. But at a minimum, I do believe at least we will have met each other. We will have seen each other. Hopefully, we will have liked each other. And we will start that process.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
VANIER: Our Paula Hancocks is in Singapore.
Paula, let's start walking us and our viewers through everything that's going to happen starting right now.
First of all, where are Trump and Kim as we speak?
Then what happens once they touch down?
PAULA HANCOCKS, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Cyril, we know that the U.S. president, Donald Trump, is in the air right now. He is on his way. He had a refueling stop in Crete. We know he is heading to Singapore right now.
It's more tricky when it comes to the North Korean leader, Kim Jong- un. As you can imagine, there are a lot of reports about which plane he might be on. But we do understand from the Singaporean side that he will be here at some point today, that's Sunday local time, because he will be meeting with the prime minister of Singapore, Lee Hsien Loong, just a little later on. We don't have a timing of that.
But we know he will be meeting with the Singapore prime minister. Mr. Trump will be meeting the Singaporean prime minister on Monday, on the 11th, just one day before that summit happens on Tuesday, on the 12th.
When it comes to that meeting itself, we have very few details, it is --
[00:10:00] HANCOCKS: -- extremely unusual to have these few details ahead of such an important summit. We do have a start time, 9:00 am local time on Tuesday, which is 9:00 pm Eastern on Monday night.
We know the venue as well, which is the Capella hotel on Sentosa Island, this is off the south coast of the city-state of Singapore. It's about 10 kilometers away from here. Obviously the reason for picking that venue was security. It is a little out of the way. It's easier to cordon off, given that it is off the main coast.
And really beyond that, Cyril, there is very little that we know about the context, about the substance, about what kind of photo opportunities we are going to see.
We can guess there will be some fairly nice optics, as the U.S. president will clearly want that. Kim Jong-un also wanting something that he can show his people back home to show it was a success. But I can't stress enough how unusual it is, how little we know ahead of this summit -- Cyril.
VANIER: One more thing.
Do we know who else is going to be in the room, if anybody else is going to be in the room?
I mean, there has to be at least one or more interpreters. I wonder if there are going to be any aides, perhaps the secretary of state.
Do we know?
HANCOCKS: We don't at this point. You would assume there is going to be interpreters. We are not going to see what we saw at the North- South Korean summit, President Moon Jae-in of South Korea and Kim Jong-un of North Korea, walking alone, with no interpreters with them.
That simply can't happen for technical reasons here. From the U.S. side, we know that Mike Pompeo, the U.S. secretary of state, is within the people -- the Trump administration people on their way here.
We know John Bolton, the national security adviser, is coming as well. Whether he will be within the inner circle of these meetings, we simply don't know. North Korea does not like John Bolton. This goes back about 15 years. They have also called him human scum in the past when he was working with the Bush administration.
We don't know how involved visibly he will be with all of this. But we know he will certainly be part of the group.
From the North Korean side, we would assume that Kim Yong-chol, the right-hand man, who went to see the U.S. president, will be part of it. Potentially Kim Jong-un's sister, Kim Yo-jong, but we haven't gotten an absolute confirmation from that side yet -- Cyril.
VANIER: Our Paula Hancocks, our South Korea correspondent, currently in Singapore at the summit. Thank you very much.
Adam Mount joins us now, senior fellow at the Federation of American Scientists. He joins us from Washington.
Adam, the last few times we spoke, you were not optimistic about this meeting. Give us just an update on your thoughts, first.
ADAM MOUNT, FEDERATION OF AMERICAN SCIENTISTS: Well, denuclearization remains a distant possibility. It relies on the assumption that North Koreans want to denuclearize. There is quite a lot of optimistic theorizing going on about that.
But even if they did, you have to recognize that we still don't know how much fissile material they have. It's almost impossible to imagine American and international inspectors crawling over the North Korean countryside.
So even under the best of circumstances, it would take years to have reasonable confidence that North Korea would denuclearize. And these will not be the best of circumstances. So it's really vitally important that Donald Trump and the U.S. administration have a fallback position and pursue more limited objectives also at this Singapore summit.
VANIER: Trump was asked how long it would take to figure out where things are headed with Kim Jong-un. This is what he said. Listen to this.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
TRUMP: I think within the first minute I'll know.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: How?
TRUMP: Just my touch, my feel. That's what I do.
How long will it take to figure out whether or not they are serious?
I said maybe in the first minute. You know, the way they say that you know if you are going to like somebody in the first five seconds.
You ever hear that one?
Well, I think that very quickly I will know whether or not something good is going to happen.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
VANIER: Did you ever hear that one, Adam?
So how does this sit with you as a North Korea analyst?
MOUNT: To my ears it's wildly unrealistic. Kim Jong-un and the North Koreans have been preparing for this meeting for years, if not -- if not decades. They have studied the American political system. They have -- you know, they had a series of proposals that they are ready to -- ready to propose. They've studied Donald Trump closely.
And from the American side, this summit came together very quickly. Now you hear the president saying that any agreement would be a spur- of-the-moment agreement, which effectively means that he surrendered his top priority on denuclearization.
Some things can be improvised; many things can't. The North Koreans are not going to improvise verified limits on their nuclear and missile systems. You know, many Americans concessions could be improvised. You could have improvised language on --
MOUNT: -- a peace declaration. You could have an improvised statement on the need to normalize relations, to place American diplomats in North Korea for ongoing negotiations. Those, under some conditions, would be steps worth exploring.
But, you know, you don't want to improvise the language. You want to make sure it's vetted through the State Department, that there is no ambiguities left over, that it's firmly in our interests --
VANIER: Mr. Trump's basic point is that he wants to get in the room with Kim Jong-un, then see what he is about and then let diplomacy play out.
Is there anything wrong with that?
MOUNT: Well, there is very good reasons to talk to the North Koreans. But the North Koreans have kept American negotiators off balance for the entire run-up to this summit.
They succeeded in getting a U.S. president into the room without having agreed on an agenda or a series of steps that they are going to take. So that's a disadvantageous position.
You know, the American president cannot hope to agree or sort of fully press American interests, bring American leverage to bear under those circumstances.
VANIER: Adam Mount, thank you for joining us today. Thanks.
MOUNT: Thank you.
VANIER: Coming up, his fellow chefs remember the late, great Anthony Bourdain. We will hear from one French chef, who recently hosted him. Stay with us.
VANIER: Tropical storm Maliksi is pulling away from the Philippines. But its flooding rains continue.
VANIER: Fans are paying tribute to beloved chef, storyteller and CNN host, Anthony Bourdain. Memorials are springing up, like this one in New York. Fans are leaving notes, flowers, pictures at a building that used to house Brasserie Les Halles. That's the restaurant where Bourdain rose to fame as executive chef. He took his own life on Friday at the age of 61.
And at the time of his death, Bourdain was working in France on an episode of his CNN series, "PARTS UNKNOWN." One of his final meals was in the town of Colmar. As CNN's Jim Bittermann reports, Bourdain left quite an impression on the local chef there.
JIM BITTERMANN, CNN SR. INTL. CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Chef Julien Schroeder never met Anthony Bourdain until just four days before he died. Bourdain visited Schroeder's restaurant on a side street in the Alsatian town of Colmar.
It was where Bourdain had been told he could find a nice choucroute, sauerkraut, an Alsatian specialty. Schroeder now proudly, sadly displays what he think was one of Bourdain's last postings on Instagram, a shot of the choucroute he served the TV personality he instantly liked.
JULIEN SCHROEDER, CHEF, LA PETITE VENISE (through translator): He was always very cool and very agreeable. You wouldn't have seen a problem. We had a chance to do a photo with them. There was no problem. They were very down to earth, no fuss. We were very surprised when we heard the news.
BITTERMANN: Schroeder runs the kind of place Bourdain loved to find, a small, out-of-the-way restaurant with simple but memorable food. And while Schroeder may not have known much about Bourdain beforehand, he realized the day Bourdain came to his restaurant that he was in the presence of a culinary superstar.
SCHROEDER (through translator): For example, when they were shooting their segment, there was a table with two Americans. They didn't even look at their menu. They said, "We are going to eat the same thing as Mr. Bourdain."
BITTERMANN: Schroeder has since found out a great deal about the American chef who came to lunch and how much he did to awaken tastes and encourage culinary exploration around the world. Said Schroder, "He was a defender of everyone in the kitchen" -- Jim Bittermann, CNN, Colmar, France.
VANIER: Bourdain was not just a great chef, great TV host. He was also an accomplished author. He is perhaps best known for this, "Kitchen Confidential." It was released 18 years ago. But after news of his death, it has taken the number one spot on the Amazon best seller list. We will be back after this.
VANIER: This was the festive scene on the balcony of Buckingham Palace Saturday morning. Nearly the whole royal family joined the official birthday celebration for Queen Elizabeth. That includes, of course, its newest member. CNN's Nina dos Santos was there for the big day.
NINA DOS SANTOS, CNNMONEY EUROPE EDITOR: Meghan Markle took part in her first major royal engagement just three weeks after tying the knot with her new husband, Prince Harry. This ceremony was the Trooping of the Colour.
Since 1748, U.K. monarchs have had two birthday celebrations, one unofficial and one official. The queen turned 92 in April but this was the official ceremony to mark her birthday, the so-called Trooping of the Colour is actually an opportunity for the sovereign to inspect her troops.
More than 1,000 soldiers took part in this event, 200 expert cavalry men and about 400 soldiers as part of the marching band as well.
One of the highlights of the day was when the royal family gathered upon the balance of Buckingham Palace to wave to the crowds but also to inspect the fly-by of Lancaster bombers, helicopters, fighter jets and also those famous RAF Red Arrows as they flew by with their characteristic trails of red, white and blue smoke.
Just as there was one new member of the royal family present at the celebrations in the form of the new Duchess of Sussex, there was also somebody who was noticeably absent. The queen traveled back and forth from the palace to Horse Guards parade on her own because the Duke of Edinburgh, who will turn 97 on Sunday, has retired from royal duties -- Nina dos Santos, CNN, outside Buckingham Palace in London.
VANIER: Just one more thing for you. Horse racing fans witnessed history on Saturday. Justified dominated the Belmont Stakes to become the 13th Triple Crown winner. And 52-year-old Mike Smith is now the oldest jockey to achieve that feat.
Justify's trainer, Bob Baffert, is no stranger to the Triple Crown because he also trained the 2015 winner, American Pharoah.
Thanks for watching. I'm Cyril Vanier. I'm back with the headlines in just moment.
VANIER: OK. Let's look at your headlines.