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Myanmar and Bangladesh Clash over Dealing with Rohingya; Hawaii Volcanoes National Park Reopens Since Eruptions; Burj Khalifa is Tallest Building in the World in Dubai, United Arab Emirates; Moose Sticks Tongue Out for U.S. National Park Service Photographer

Aired September 26, 2018 - 04:00:00   ET

THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.


CARL AZUZ, CNN 10 ANCHOR: Great to have you watching CNN 10 today. I`m your host Carl Azuz. I`m happy to see you. First story we`re explaining

concerns a group of people who are said to be without a country. In the southwest Asian nation of Myanmar also known as Burma, there`s a Muslim

group called the Rohingya. They are a minority. Most of Myanmar is Buddhist. The nation`s government does not allow Rohingya`s to become

citizens. It considers them to be Bangladeshi and wants them to live in neighboring Bangladesh. Bangladesh considers Rohingya`s to be Burmese and

wants them to live in Myanmar.

So the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency classifies Rohingyas as stateless. It says in 2017 members of a Rohingya militant group attacked Burmese

government security forces. The international community says that in response, Myanmar`s military launched a violent campaign to rid the country

of the Rohingya. The Burmese government says it`s only targeted terrorists not civilians. But hundreds of thousands of Rohingyas fled across the

border to Bangladesh and there in refugee camps the U.S. government worked with human rights investigators to interview Rohingyas.

The results of those surveys were discussed this week in a report by the U.S. State Department. It says, Myanmar`s troops conducted a well planned

campaign of violence against Rohingyas including murders, destruction of homes and other violent acts. The U.S. labeled these as atrocities and

repeated it`s call for the Burmese government to stop the violence, bring justice and allow aid workers to get to the area. America also pledged

more than $185 million in humanitarian aid to Muslims in the effected part of Myanmar and it thanked Bangladesh for it`s help in caring for the

refugees.

Hawaii Volcanoes National Park is open once again, at least parts of it. It had been closed for 135 days following the latest eruption of the

Kilauea volcano in early May. Dozens of fissures appeared in the Earth`s surface. Lava shot up and flowed out over an eastern area of the Big

Island. People were forced to evacuate and hundreds of homes were destroyed. The state`s economy was also effected. It`s largely dependent

on tourism and the eruption kept many visitors away. Hawaii`s Department of Agriculture says farmers endured millions of losses to their land and

crops and one interesting side effect of the eruption, lava flowing into the sea added new land, almost 700 acres to the Big Island. And Hawaii`s

largest freshwater lake which once had a water depth of 200 feet, is now filled with lava. Visitors are streaming back into Volcanoes National Park

to see how it has changed.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Excited visitors lined up to learn more about Hawaii`s Volcanoes National Park. Many had been here before but heard

about the changes since May. Rock falls and powerful earthquakes closed the park for 134 days.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I can`t even describe how excited we all are and how emotional this is right now.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It was a soft opening because so much remains closed for safety reasons, including Thurston Lava Tube and the most popular place

to see Halema`uma`u Crater and the Lava Lake Jaggar Museum.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Jaggar Museum was the closest you could legally get to Halema`uma`u and to see the Lava Lake but of course that is now very

unsafe to be there.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: But that didn`t stop hundreds of visitors who wanted to see the park as soon as possible.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: To see how it`s changed since last time I was here about a year and a half ago.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: This man was visiting Oahu from Brazil. He booked a flight when he heard about the reopening.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I going to begin to visit to the National Park for me to see volcanoes. My first time there I will see volcanoes.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Wow. It - - it has grown so immensely. It`s just gigantic.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Gwendolyn Hill (ph) has a tour company, bike volcano.com. Since the eruption began business has taken a huge hit.

She`s excited to show tourists the changes Monday when the bike tours start up again.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

CARL AZUZ: 10 Second Trivia. Where would you find the tallest building in the world? Shanghai, China; Seoul, South Korea; Dubai, United Arab

Emirates; or Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. The current record holder for world`s tallest building towers over Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

Dubai`s Burj Khalifa stands more than 27,016 feet tall. It took one Empire State Building and stacked it on top of another. It would still be shorter

than the Burj Khalifa. Several buildings that are among the world`s tallest skyscrapers are located in Dubai. You`d think it`s skyline would

have looked like this long before 1979. But in that year, only a single 39 story building stood in Dubai and some people wondered why it was there.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: There are over 900 towers in Dubai and every single one of them has been built in the last 40 years. Before that, Dubai looked

like this. Then in 1979 this, a 39 story building in the middle of the Arabian Desert. This is the Dubai World Trade Center.

(GUY GILMAR): It was the tallest building between Mumbai and Athens including the whole of the Arab world. So that made an impact.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: That`s Guy Gilmar (ph) the Trade Center`s first employee, general manager and director.

(GILMAR): The Trade Center stood alone in the desert and people were extremely puzzled why a high rise building would be put up in open land. I

think it`s probably a world first.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It even got a visit from Queen Elizabeth on opening day.

(GORDON HEILD): She arrived by car, was introduced to everybody before going on into the building including me of course. And of course, we flew

the Royal Standard which I think is quite unusual.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: That`s Gordon Heild (ph). He designed and supervised the Trade Center and here he is with the Queen at the Inauguration along

with lead architect John Harris.

(GORDON HEILD): It made Dubai didn`t it. What you see now is this enormous metropolis of tall buildings and it was the Trade Center that set

it all going.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It may seem obvious now. Build a business center in one of the wealthiest nations on the planet and you`ll attract global

companies. But in 1970`s Dubai, this was something new. Next to Gordon in this picture is Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum, ruler of Dubai and the Prime

Minister of the newly formed United Arab Emirates. It was his idea to build the skyscraper trade center in the first place. For centuries,

Dubai`s main industry was pearl harvesting but in the 1930`s the pearl industry collapsed due to the Great Depression and the invention of the

synthetic pearl.

But a few decades later Dubai had another largely, untapped resources waiting to flow into the market. In 1966, Dubai found oil and estimates

show that the population grew by 1000 percent over the next 40 years. By 1991, black gold accounted for around 50 percent of Dubai`s GDP creating a

rich environment for new business. Sheikh Rashid used the proceeds of Dubai`s oil to develop the city`s infrastructure including the trade

center.

(GORDON HEILD): What he - - he really wanted to do is to make a statement that the Dubai side was in business and also a signal to Abu Dhabi that - -

we are your rivals and we are - - we are really coming after you.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Building the first skyscraper in a nation isn`t all straight forward though. For one, the sand in the desert wasn`t right for

the cement.

(GORDON HEILD): We actually had to use sand from the beach in it`s - - in it`s place which is a rather strange thing to have to do in the desert.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: As nobody had seen such a tall building before, rumors were quick to spread.

(GORDON HEILD): They would learn to (inaudible) not far away which - - which are not quite vertical. And I think that`s what started the rumor

that the tower was actually leaning.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: And if that wasn`t enough, when they reached the 10th floor of the trade center, Sheikh Rashid decided he wanted it taller so

demanded extra floors to be put on. Originally it was designed with 33 then they increased it to 39. Today the 1.3 million square foot tower is

home to 500 events a year. Attracting 3 million people from 160 countries.

(GUY GILMAR): I think that the element of skepticism about why there`s so much money being spent on this immense tower and these surrounding

buildings quickly evaporated. Because the niche that we were able to exploit was to establish it and establish Dubai as the premier business

address in the Middle East.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

CARL AZUZ: Wildlife photographers often capture images that we`d rate 10 out of 10 and this is no exception. It`s a moose appearing to stick out

it`s tongue at the camera. Now maybe you just think this was a coincidence, a candid shot of an "amoosed" moose until you see the other

one. Yeah, he`s laughing it off. Same moose. Same spot. Same photographer from the U.S. National Park Service. Is this irrefutable

proof that moose have a sense of humor. It`s certainly something to "muoose" over. We don`t know what made him so "anthmoosiastic". Maybe

he`s perpetually "amoosed". Maybe that`s the "moosed" he`s smiled in days. We may never know the "antler" but it sure is fun making the "moosed" of it

on CNN 10. I`m Carl "Amoose".

END