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Hundreds of Thousands of International Aid is Sent to Indonesia After Natural Disaster; Macedonia and Greece May be a Step Closer to Resolving a Dispute They`ve Had Since 1991.

Aired October 3, 2018 - 04:00:00   ET

THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.


CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: From Indonesia to Macedonia and beyond, this is your 10-minute trip to global headlines, and I`m your host, Carl Azuz.

Good to see you this Wednesday. International aid worth hundreds of thousands of dollars is making its way to Indonesia in places like Palu, a

city struck by last Friday`s earthquake and tsunami, the situation is desperate.

Though the official numbers of those killed on the island country (ph) is more than 1,200, officials say many are still missing. And the search for

survivors is complicated by blocked roads, piles of rubble and mudslides.

There`s reportedly been widespread looting in disaster-stricken areas, some by people looking for groceries, some by people looking to rob houses.

Indonesia`s government estimates that 2.4 million people have been impacted by the quake and tsunami. Sixty-six thousand homes have been destroyed.

The Indonesian Military and international aid groups are trying to get those in need, but food and water, in some areas, are scare, and shipments

from other countries could take days to arrive. Still, the need for help remains. There are a number of churches, charities and aid groups

collecting donations for relief in Indonesia. CNN has a list of some of them and a way you can donate at cnn.com/impact.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Ten second trivia. What do Croatia, Macedonia and Slovenia have in common? Are they all Croatian-speaking nations, former

Yugoslav republics, Adriatic border countries or landlocked?

All three of these countries gained their independence from Yugoslavia in 1991.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

AZUZ: The bordering countries of Macedonia and Greece may be a step closer to resolving a dispute they`ve had since 1991. Macedonia isn`t just the

name of a country, it`s the name of an ancient kingdom, the birthplace of Alexander the Great.

When the Republic of Macedonia was established in 1991, it`s name angered Greece, because Greece has a province named Macedonia. And Greece wants

only its province to have that name.

This has been such a stumbling block in their relations, that Greece has blocked the country of Macedonia from joining international alliances of

the European Union and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

But this year, the prime ministers of Greece and Macedonia made an agreement. If the nation of Macedonia vote to change its name to Republic

of North Macedonia, it can move toward membership in the E.U. and NATO.

But not everyone in Macedonia wants that. And in the vote held Sunday, there was a complication. More than 91 percent of the Macedonians who

voted said they supported the name change as well as E.U. and NATO membership.

But turnout was low, below 37 percent of eligible voters, and the government had set the threshold at 50 percent. Experts say the Macedonian

Government can still move forward with the changes, there`ll just be some controversy to doing that.

And this is significant around the world because what happens with the vote could signal whether Macedonia comes under greater European influence or

greater Russian influence.

Next, science and fashion. The artificial dyes used to make clothing are efficient and cheap. They`re commonly seen in fast fashion, in expensive

and trendy clothes worn for a season or two.

But it takes a lot of water to process these dyes. It greats a lot of waste and it can lead to chemicals seeping into the environment. Are

bacteria colored clothes a viable alternative?

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NATSAI AUDREY CHIEZA, DESIGN RESEARCHER: What happens when you take a designer and place them in a biological scientific environment, that`s when

you get a new way of thinking that can catalyze innovation.

Bacteria produced pigment. I became very interested with microbes that seep out because that seemed like a very low tech way of actually accessing

that color. Streptomyces coelicolor`s an organism that`s normally found in the soil.

It gives beet root its flavor. It`s the smell of rain just before a thunderstorm and produces this beautiful sky blue pigment. We`ve quickly

discovered that it could dye textiles with about 500 times less water than what ordinarily happens in industry.

We`re at the Department of Biochemical Engineering University College London. So researchers here are looking at how synthetic biology, the

design of liberal systems can offer us major different ways of doing the sorts of things that chemicals normally do.

Streptomyces coelicolor produces color within seven days. It can ferment in a liquid broth of nutrients and that`s when the cells start to divide.

After certain points, if something is triggered, it starts to produce that pigment.

You can grow the organism directly onto the textile and if you start to direct where those organisms are, you can start to design patterns and

prints to start to design with biology in quite a compelling way.

If we can create a range of different colors by tweaking the PH; low PH results in more blue colors towards the purple spectrum and something

that`s a slightly higher PH is going to deliver bright vibrant pinks and even reds.

I think what`s so fascinating about textiles is that they have always been artifacts that are sort of beyond this material that might look nice. They

tell us about where we are with our technology.

If we look at what knitting was in the 1900s compared to what you can do now with 3D forms, massive leaps have happened. There are new spaces

opening up for designers to invite this inter-disciplinary sharing of ideas. I think that`s where creativity has an amazing space to expand.

(AUDIO CLIP ENDS)

AZUZ: Rough four hours. That`s an average time it takes many golfers to play a round of 18 holes. Ashley Store (ph) recently took on 100. And the

reason why she did that is what makes her more than an athlete; it`s what makes her a positive athlete.

Part of our ongoing series on high school students overcoming the odds or in this case taking a swing and helping others.

(AUDIO CLIP BEGINS)

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I`ve been playing golf sense I was really little but competitively for like three years.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Golf is a part of her life. It`s not her whole life. Even though there`s a competiveness inside of her that she`s really wanting

to play well and wanting to beat other people, she`s the first one to volunteer to help someone if they need some type of help.

UNIDENTIFED FEMALE: It is a storm for the record books. Harvey living up to all the fears and the predictions by bring catastrophic flooding to

parts of Texas including the nation`s fourth largest city of Huston.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Shortly after the hurricane passed through, our neighborhood actually started taking on water, and a lot of our neighbors

ended up losing a lot of their - their homes and their possessions.

When we saw that, we thought, "Man, if the water keeps coming, that could be us next." So we made the decision to evacuate and move to San Antonio.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It was so hectic. Like we left to get away from all the flood waters. It was crazy just to see the damage that like was caused

by it.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We were sitting in the parking lot of a grocery store, over in San Antonio, picking up some supplies. And we got an e-mail from

the AJGA, talking about one of their organizations that they`ve established called Leadership Links. The first idea Ashley had was, "Hey, maybe I can

use this as a way to raise some money and do something while were stuck over here in San Antonio."

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I knew I couldn`t anything physically to help. Like I felt so good knowing that was my fundraiser was going to help the people

that got affected by the hurricane.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Knowing that she was being able to put something together that was going to help a number of people along the Houston area,

the greater Houston area, through that project, was really satisfying.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: When I started my fundraising event, I wanted to try to play as many holes of golf as I could in one day. Basically, I was

asking people for pledges for every hole I played, or a one-time donation.

I played 100 holes of golf, and it took me around 13 hours. And I had around 200 people donate into my charity, and I ended up raising a little

over $15,000.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: That`s awesome.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It was eye-opening for, not only Ashley, but everybody in our family, to see what, you know, one little simple idea and how much

support you can get from people all over the country.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: She`s a shining light. She`s going to be around helping people for the rest of her life.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I can just see the growth in the community from something so negative because everyone`s come together. It`s just so cool.

(END AUDIO CLIP)

AZUZ: It`s one thing for me to say underwater maritime heritage cultural trail, it`s easier to understand when you see it. In California`s Lake

Tahoe, a whole bunch of boats, launches and barges used in the early 1990s were intentionally sunk in the mid-1990s when they were no longer useful.

Now, a dive site`s been opened, so people can explore them underwater and read about them on markers provided in the trail.

So if you`re bubbling with curiosity and you like diving in the history, it`ll probably float your boat to launch your knowledge by taking the

plunge and going beneath the surface to barge in on some sunken relics. They`ll show you what Tahoe`s past is all about.

I`m Carl Azuz, and that`s "CNN 10."

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