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HALA GORANI TONIGHT

Trump Blinks: Agrees to Wait on State of the Union Speech; Venezuelan Armed Forces Pledge Allegiance to Maduro; Russia Warns Against Military Intervention In Venezuela; Airbus Warns Of Harmful Decisions In Case Of No-Deal; Senate To Vote On Two Shutdown Proposals, Both Likely To Fail; Atlanta Expecting Mass Influx Of Visitors For Super Bowl; Voters Split On Trump Amid Shutdown; Officials End Search For Emiliano Sala Plane; Scotland's Ex-First Minister Charged; New Helmets For Pope's Swiss Guard. Aired 2-3p ET

Aired January 24, 2019 - 14:00   ET

THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.


[14:00:00] (COMMERCIAL BREAK)

HALA GORANI, CNN INTERNATIONAL HOST: Hello, everyone, live from CNN London, on this Thursday, I'm Hala Gorani, tonight, a high-stakes power

struggle between Donald Trump and Nancy Pelosi over the government shutdown. We are live in Washington, as the Senate prepares to vote, this

hour.

Also tonight, another big power struggle, in Venezuela, as countries around the world support or denounce Nicolas Maduro, also, this.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: U.K.'s aerospace (INAUDIBLE)

(END VIDEO CLIP)

GORANI: An exclusive sit-down with Russia's Deputy Foreign Minister, who amongst other things, responds to accusations that President Trump was an

agent of Russia. And as you can see from the images there, we'll also be talking about Airbus.

Airbus, by the way, has been saying that if no-deal Brexit happens, who knows what will happen with its partnership with the U.K. as you saw from

those images, we will be tackling that story.

If there is one word to describe Donald Trump, it is unpredictable. And in his latest showdown with House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, he did something no

one saw coming. He blinked. The U.S. President now agrees with the Democratic leader that he shouldn't deliver a state of the union speech,

until after the government shutdown is resolved.

Pelosi says she's glad the drama of the State of the Union squabble is done, so now they can get to work on what she says is really important.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

REP. NANCY PELOSI (D-CA), SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES: I'm glad we could get that off the table because I know it was a source of many

questions. It is so unimportant in the lives of the American people, in terms of -- especially those who are victims of the shutdown, hostages to

the President's applause line in a campaign speech.

Thank goodness, we put that matter to rest, and that we can get on to the subject at hand, open up government.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

GORANI: Well, the effort to get the government working again is focused right now on the U.S. Senate. In the next hour, senators are scheduled to

vote on two competing bills that could fund the government and therefore reopen the government, but neither has enough bipartisan support to pass.

So, what's the point? Let's bring in White House Reporter, Sara Westwood, with more. Let's talk a little bit more about Donald Trump's response to

Nancy Pelosi, essentially agreeing with her, that maybe now is not the right time to deliver that State of the Union Address. What prompted that?

SARAH WESTWOOD, CNN WHITE HOUSE REPORTER: Well, Hala, we know that the White House was caught off guard by the fact that Speaker Pelosi actually

officially post cancelled, in fact, the State of the Union until after the partial government shutdown is over.

President Trump had hoped to give the State of the Union from the House Chamber. And although there were internal discussions about alternative

venues or formats for that speech, ultimately, the President decided he wanted to give his address to Congress, in the traditional setting, of the

House Chamber, until those other avenues weren't pursued.

And so, the President, blinking, in response to Pelosi, is as much about his desire to give a formal State of the Union Address as his desire to

keep negotiating on the shutdown.

GORANI: But does this mean, perhaps, that there's room for compromise here?

WESTWOOD: Well, both sides are seemingly still as entrenched, as they were, on the day that the shutdown began. The Democratic backed bill in

the Senate, not expected to attract enough votes to pass. Neither is President Trump's proposal to trade wall funding for temporary immigration

proposals.

And so, we could see some negotiations start after these two bills expected failure. Sources say the White House is, again, considering inviting

Pelosi and Senate Minority Chuck Schumer, to the White House, for further negotiations.

So, there is a sense within the White House that once these bills fail, then, negotiations could start back up again.

GORANI: Because the President and Nancy Pelosi, a couple days ago, we were reporting, haven't spoken in two weeks. Has there been any communication

between them, face to face, since?

WESTWOOD: No. Speaker Pelosi, President Trump, they have not spoken since that January 9th meeting here, at the White House, when President Trump

walked out of the room after Pelosi said she would not be willing to entertain wall funding, even if President Trump reopens the government

temporarily, which is one thing that the Democrats had been pushing for.

Now, the most public communication we've seen between the two are the letters that they've traded over the State of the Union Address and

President Trump stripping Pelosi of her ability to use government planes for her congressional delegation trip.

[14:05:11] And so, for the two of them to sit down again, that would be a significant step, but neither side appears willing, at this moment, to give

an inch. Hala?

GORANI: All right. Sarah Westwood, thanks very much. And just as an aside here, there was a political poll that came out, and 54 percent of

Americans blame Trump and congressional Republicans for the shutdown, 34 percent, according to this political poll, blame the Democrats.

That might have something to do with, kind of, you know, a Republican effort to try to find some sort of compromise, if, indeed, that's being

discussed in Washington. And we'll have a lot more on that a little bit later in the program.

Now, we were talking about political battles in the U.S. There is political drama unfolding in Venezuela. The country's powerful military

leadership has now taken sides. It is backing President Nicolas Maduro against what it is calling a coup. Now, that public support could prove,

key, as Mr. Maduro faces a dramatic attempt by the opposition to unseat him.

Russia, Turkey, and China are now among the countries coming to Maduro's defense. But, as far as the opposition leader, he has some powerful

backing of his own, including the United States and the European Union, and he claims to be Venezuela's legitimate leader.

Let's take you now live to Caracas. We're joined by journalist Stefano Pozzebon, with more. What's the situation today? There were these big

demonstrations yesterday. What's going on today, in Caracas?

STEFANO POZZEBON, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Yes, Hala, today, the situation is of tense and calm expectation, of course, as we have seen, the

situation is escalating very, very quickly and dramatically, with a clash of words between the Minister of Defense and Secretary of State Mike

Pompeo, who pledged, once again, strong support from the United States to the opposition leader, Juan Guaido.

And genera people in Caracas, like, as international observers, are all monitoring how will this situation evolve in the next couple of days, in

the next few hours, which could prove crucial for the future of Venezuela. But, once again, let's go back to what the Minister of Defense, Vladimir

Padrino Lopez, said this morning, here.

And just to give an idea of the tone of the clash that is happening right now, in Caracas. Here is what he said.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

VLADIMIR PADRINO LOPEZ, MINISTER OF DEFENSE, VENEZUELA (through translator): We don't deserve wearing our uniforms if we were not to

defend our constitution, our independence, and our sovereignty. We have sworn to die with our homeland, our Venezuela, our people, and we are going

to do that.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

POZZEBON: And we are ready to die to defend, what he says, is the legitimate president of Venezuela, Nicolas Maduro. And as we see with

Donald Trump saying that all options are still on the table when it comes to restoring democracy here, in Venezuela, the situation can become very,

very serious, very, very quickly, Hala.

GORANI: Yes, it sure can. Thank you, Stefano Pozzebon, with that report from Caracas. And as we mentioned, countries around the world are taking

sides. The U.S. is the highest profile backer of the opposition leader, Juan Guaido. Here's what the Secretary of State had to say about him.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

MIKE POMPEO, SECRETARY OF STATE, UNITED STATES: We stand ready to support the efforts of the National Assembly, the Venezuelan people, and the

interim president, to restore democracy, and respect for the rule of law, in Venezuela.

Our support for Venezuela's Democratic hopes and dreams is in sharp contrast to the authoritarian regimes across the globe, who has lined up to

prop up former president Maduro.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

GORANI: And that was Mike Pompeo, there. Let's get more on this unfolding crisis, Eric Farnsworth joins me. He's Vice President of the Americas

Society and Council of the Americas, Eric, thanks for being with us. So, I guess the most important thing is the military is now saying they're

backing Maduro, right? And whoever has the military behind them has the upper hand.

ERIC FARNSWORTH, VICE PRESIDENT, AMERICAS SOCIETY AND COUNCIL OF THE AMERICAS: Hi, Hala, it's good to be back with you. Yes, absolutely. The

military is key in this entire political struggle, but, you know, it's not much of a surprise that the leadership would come out in support of the

Maduro regime.

The leadership has been fully invested in the success of the Maduro regime, because through that, they've had access to growth, corruption, drug

trafficking, and food and medicine that the rest of the population haven't really had access to.

I think the broader question is what happens to others, at perhaps, lower levels of the military and the paramilitary, those who don't have access to

the same levels of corruption and whose own families are suffering in this humanitarian crisis. It's a real problem.

[14:10:03] GORANI: Nicolas Maduro, speaking live. That's what we're seeing on-air right now. We'll monitor what he's saying, but -- so you're

talking about other groups that could take up arms?

FARNSWORTH: Well, sure, I mean, it depends on the commanding control of the central government, if they're controlling the military, fully, whether

it's in Caracas or outside Caracas. And then, there are any numbers of other police units or paramilitary units or others that have grown up over

the years in Venezuela.

So, it's really a question of can the central government command all of them and will they all obey? I think that's an open question. But, again,

with the military leadership on the record, that's certainly a very important point.

GORANI: but what would unseat Maduro, then? I mean, the U.S. is expressing support. Pompeo is urging the military to oust Maduro. We know

now, we've heard from them, they've said they'll stand by him. Do you think the U.S. is prepared to go further in this crisis, further than

rhetoric?

FARNSWORTH: I think it depends on what Maduro actually does. If he moves against the president recognized by the United States, Juan Guaido, I think

that the U.S. will take additional sanctions, perhaps in the energy sector. And Maduro has also now threatened U.S. diplomats, telling them to get out

of the country. And the U.S. has said that's not going to happen.

So, if the Maduro forces try to force U.S. diplomats out, that could also bring a response. But for now, I think it's tensed, but it's kind of

waiting to see whether the other shoe drops in Venezuela.

GORANI: Also, sanctions -- you know, I mean, they hurt ordinary Venezuelans, and they're desperate already. There has been a big migration

to other Latin American countries. People are having trouble just finding food to eat and heating their homes and all sorts of big humanitarian

issues there.

So, these sanctions, would they put pressure on Maduro at all, additional ones?

FARNSWORTH: Well, this is a really big question. And there is a humanitarian crisis underway. Some estimates put over 10 percent of

Venezuela's total population already outside the country. That's over 3 million people.

And one of the reasons why the United States has been reluctant, frankly, to take greater steps over the years, particularly in the energy sector, is

the idea that doing so, would unnecessarily harm the Venezuelan --

GORANI: Yes.

FARNSWORTH: -- people. But the calculation has to be shifting, if they're going to do that, to consider the crisis has escalated and they need to

take further steps. So that's something that is clearly going to be under consideration in the hours perhaps, or certainly, days ahead.

GORANI: Eric, stand by for just a few seconds.

FARNSWORTH: Sure.

GORANI: We're going to dip in to this Maduro address. Apparently, he's been talking about Trump.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

NICOLAS MADURO, PRESIDENT OF VENEZUELA (through translator): Democratic State. Let's not intervene in Venezuela (INAUDIBLE) unconstitutional

(INAUDIBLE) only justice guarantees stability and peace. Justice is the mother of all (INAUDIBLE) of the judiciary. The people's power (INAUDIBLE)

this is an issue that is beyond my --

(END VIDEO CLIP)

GORANI: All right. The translation was a little bit on the low side. I heard him speak of the -- of the Bolivar idea. That's what it sounded like

to me. He was mentioning Trump. He mentioned Juan Guaido, as well. Eric, if you're still with me, what is he -- what's he trying to achieve here,

Maduro? And also, how much popular support does he actually have?

FARNSWORTH: Well, he's very much trying to bilateralize this crisis. He's threatened. He's under pressure. And if he can throw the spotlight onto

Washington, it's a very traditional approach, frankly, of his and other countries around the world, and yet, people focused on the idea that the

United States is somehow trying to oppress him.

Then, that can help him bolster, perhaps, domestic, and certainly, international support. But this is an interesting question you raised

about, his domestic support. Sure, he does maintain some supporters, primarily those who maintain, you know, support from the state. But, that

support has been reduced -- continues to be reduced.

And one of the things we saw from the protests yesterday was that these were not upper class and middle class protests. These are protests from

the lower classes as well. The traditional Chavista masses who have now turned against the regime because they don't have food to eat and medicine.

So, this is really a broad-based time, it's probably the greatest threat to his rule that he's actually faced since he's been in office.

And lastly, Juan Guaido, is he the legitimate president of Venezuela as the U.S. intends and other Western countries?

FARNSWORTH: Well, according to the Venezuelan Constitution, if there is no president, then the head of the national assembly is the interim president

to organize new elections. And the reason why people think that there's no president is because Maduro ran an election in May, May of 2018 that he

himself basically coronated himself. It was not free, it was not fair. And then he re-inaugurated himself on January 10 of this year. So, that's

the participating date by which people said, well, he's no longer a legitimate president. And therefore, the head of the national assembly

takes over according to the Venezuelan constitution.

So, this idea that this is somehow a coup or some sort of, you know, intervention from abroad, I don't think that that dog hunts, to use as an

expression. But nonetheless, it is very complicated, and it's going to have to be sorted out by the Venezuelan people themselves.

GORANI: All right. Eric Farnsworth, thanks so much for doing this. Always appreciate your analysis.

FARNSWORTH: Thanks for having me.

GORANI: And a lot more coming up. We're going to have more on this story. We'll also have an exclusive interview with Russia's Deputy Foreign

Minister. He will be talking to CNN. He is asked if he thinks Trump is a Russian agent. We'll tell you what his reply was.

Also, a stark warning from Airbus. If the U.K. crashes out of the E.U. without a deal, Airbus says it will need to make some harmful decisions.

Harmful, not necessarily to Airbus, but perhaps to the U.K. We'll be right back.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

GORANI: Well, more on Venezuela's power struggle from another angle. Russia is a long-time backer of President Nicolas Maduro, whose legitimacy

is now being challenged. Our Fred Pleitgen spoke with Russia's Deputy Foreign Minister about Venezuela and a number of other things in an

exclusive interview. And Fred is joining me now live from Moscow. What did the Deputy Foreign Minister of Russia say about what's happening inside

Venezuela to you?

FRED PLEITGEN, CNN SENIOR INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Well, not surprisingly, he was squarely on the side of Nicolas Maduro. He said,

look, it's no secret that Russia is an ally of Nicolas Maduro. In fact, tonight, there was also a phone call between Vladimir Putin and Nicolas

Maduro. Once again, Vladimir Putin pledged his support for Nicolas Maduro and his government. So, it's no surprise that the Deputy Foreign Minister

Sergei Ryabkov criticized the United States for its posture and its position, and saying that the U.S. was, quote, pouring gas into the fire.

Let's listen in.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

PLEITGEN: Do you think that there's the danger that the U.S. could intervene in Venezuela, and what do you think that would mean?

SERGEI RYABKOV, DEPUTY FOREIGN MINISTER OF RUSSIA: Yes, I truly feel that there are dangerous signs of something going on along these lines. We warn

everyone, and not just the U.S., but some others who may entertain these ideas, from this type of action. The resort to military power would be

catastrophic. It would be a huge -- another huge blow to the international system. We face now a scenario that may lead to further bloodshed in

Venezuela.

[14:20:10] We have just called the international community to think twice or more if need be, and refrain from actions and try not to, you know, kill

the temptation to meddle. That would be a terrible thing. Parties -- a position the government in Venezuela should be given a chance to continue

dialogue. I know the situation isn't, you know, a dramatic one, but so what -- I mean, is it -- is it just because of this that others should go

there and think of using military power? I think -- I think it will only deepen the crisis.

PLEITGEN: Well, President Trump just recognized, I think, the head of the parliament as the -- as the real interim president.

RYABKOV: Yes.

PLEITGEN: Do you consider that meddling?

RYABKOV: For sure. I mean, it's just pouring, you know, gas on the fire. That it equals to this. We have said what we think on this formally

through the statement of the Russian Foreign Minister, which is out there. It is a strong statement. We, you know, do not try to sugarcoat anything.

There is a very, very dangerous moment, and everyone should show utmost responsibility.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

PLEITGEN: So, you have a pretty clear position there from the Russian side, who of course, has a lot of influence in Venezuela. They even sent

two strategic bombers over to Venezuela just a couple of months ago, Hala.

GORANI: And also, in terms of influence, they have a lot of influence in Syria as well. And you asked him about Iran and how much -- and whether or

not they consider Iran to be a Russian ally inside Syria. What did he say?

PLEITGEN: Yes, look -- yes, that was -- that was, by far, I think, the most surprising thing that I heard from the Russians today. Because one of

the things, of course, that we've been hearing over the past couple of months, really years, was that Russia, Turkey, and Iran were basically

going to be the countries that were going to decide the future of Syria, and that Iran and Russia, of course, are fighting essentially on the same

side.

But the Deputy Foreign Minister told me that when it comes to Israel's security, the Russians don't necessarily consider the Iranians their

allies. Here's what he had to say.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

PLEITGEN: You're Iran's ally on the ground, aren't you, in Syria?

RYABKOV: I wouldn't use this type of words to describe where we are with Iran. We are working together with them. And I still hope (INAUDIBLE)

they were very helpful when we convened the national congress of the people of Syria in Sochi. But we do not see at any given moment completely eye-

to-eye on what happens.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

PLEITGEN: So, there you have a very clear commitment from the Russians, also to Israel's security. The Russians also claiming that the Israelis

know exactly that the Russians stand behind them and they also say they're in communications with the Americans about that as well, Hala.

GORANI: And what I found interesting, too, is you asked him that one question that I think a lot of people would want to ask anyone at a high

level in Russia, which is, is Trump basically an agent of your country? I presume he denied it, obviously. But how did he respond to that?

PLEITGEN: Yes, I mean, he absolutely, of course he denied it. I think -- I wouldn't say he was taken aback by the question, but he did think that

the thought of that was somewhat outrageous, as he put it. Let's listen in.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

PLEITGEN: Sort of questioning whether President Trump is an agent of Russia. What do you make of that?

RYABKOV: I mean, it's completely, completely out of touch with anything that could be conceived as, you know, anywhere close to the reality. I am

amazed. I'm embarrassed, but by what I see and what I hear from the U.S.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

PLEITGEN: The other thing I asked him, Hala, by the way, is you know, with the fact that U.S.-Russian relations are still so bad, despite the fact

that President Trump obviously wants to improve them, whether the Russians are disappointed in President Trump, he said they aren't, at this point in

time, they believe that a lot of the heat that they're getting from America comes from those opposed to President Trump, Hala.

GORANI: All right. Fascinating. Thanks very much, Fred Pleitgen, with that exclusive interview, live in Moscow. We'll hear more from Fred in the

coming hour.

One of the sharpest Brexit warnings to date has now come from Airbus. The aircraft manufacture has said it may move future business out of the U.K.

if the country crashes out of the European Union. In the event of a no- deal Brexit, Airbus' CEO says, potentially harmful decisions would have to be made. It could impact business in the U.K., because, of course, it's a

cooperative -- a corporation.

[14:25:04] CNN Business Reporter Hadas Gold is in Davos at the World Economic Forum. Tell us more about what Airbus is saying. Are they

essentially saying that if there's no deal, that the part of the company that has operated with the help of the U.K., that they would not hesitate

to kind of shift some of that activity away from Britain?

HADAS GOLD, CNN INTERNATIONAL MEDIA & BUSINESS REPORTER: Yes, Hala, this is a really unusual video message that was really strong from that -- from

CEO Tom Enders. He was pretty much threatening that if there was a no-deal Brexit, then they would leave the United Kingdom. Now, this would be a

huge issue because Airbus employees, at least 14,000 people in the United Kingdom, and thousands more based off of their supply chain. This is

clearly putting pressure on Theresa May and on all of the politicians to get their acts together, and really make a plan for Brexit.

Tom Enders said that he encouraged Theresa May and the other politicians to not listen to the Brexiteers' madness, which pretty much says that they

will not move and they'll always be here. He said they are wrong and that they would potentially leave the United Kingdom if there was a no-deal

Brexit, Hala.

GORANI: And leaving as in leaving some of the manufacturing facilities, shifting them elsewhere?

GOLD: Yes.

GORANI: Yes.

GOLD: Yes, leaving their factories. And he said that there are a lot of countries are clamoring, are fighting to get their business, to have them

move into their countries. So, he's really throwing out, this is a really strong sort of threat that he is giving to the United Kingdom, telling them

get your act together on Brexit, otherwise, literally, tens of thousands of people could possibly be out of a job in the United Kingdom.

GORANI: Well, some hardcore Brexit supporters would call that project fear, but it's more and more often that we're hearing this from big

business leaders. Ford is also saying a no-deal Brexit will cost them lot of money and potentially hurt business.

GOLD: Yes, and Sony is also just announcing they're moving their headquarters to Amsterdam because of the uncertainty over Brexit. We're

seeing more and more companies -- and just today we saw from Land Rover Jaguar that they're going to extend that shutdown of their factories by

another week because of the uncertainty over what will happen with Brexit and what will happen to their supply chains with the borders, customs

checks, things that could be held up. This is the business community really gearing up for a no-deal Brexit and steeling themselves, spending

millions, billions of dollars on these preparations because they are taking it very seriously.

GORANI: But you're at Davos. So, you're around the big corporate bosses and the world's billionaires. Are they saying these things but then

privately saying, oh, but the U.K. will never allow itself to fall off a cliff without a deal, or are they genuinely concerned that even if

accidently, potentially, they could just slip into some disastrous scenario, like leaving the E.U. without any deal in place?

GOLD: Hala, I have to say they seemed genuinely concerned. This is really something that they don't like. They don't like the idea of a no-deal

Brexit. They want to avoid it. In fact, I mean, they don't like Brexit at all. The set here absolutely does not like Brexit. I haven't heard

honestly one pro-Brexit voice speak to me directly yet. In fact, actually, an audience at a panel today was asked whether they would want a second

referendum on Brexit, and the answer was pretty overwhelming. Take a listen.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

MARK CARNEY, GOVERNOR, BANK OF ENGLAND: I think the point I would make is that there is a limited amount that many businesses can do to prepare for

if there are going to be substantial delays on the logistical side. Now, obviously, this would eventually be worked out over time.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

GORANI: Yes, that was Mark Carney, the Governor of the Bank of England, who's issued many, many dire warnings before.

GOLD: Yes, and actually, there was a moment in one of the -- in that panel, where the audience was asked whether they'd like a second referendum

and, in fact, the entire audience pretty much raised their hands. Mark Carney abstained, he did not raise his hand in that scenario, but we're

hearing from a lot of world leaders today. The Prime Minister -- we've heard from Prime Minister (INAUDIBLE) leaders Angela Merkel gave a speech

where she really was saying that she was going to work until the last minute. She tried to -- she tried to keep this exit orderly. We've heard

it described potentially as a rock rolling off the Dover Cliffs.

There's a lot of dire warnings coming out of Davos, coming out of these business leaders, these politicians, these academic leaders about what a

no-deal Brexit could mean to the United Kingdom and could mean to really the economy across Europe and across the world. And it's not looking very

positive. This is all putting a lot more pressure on Theresa May and on the politicians in the United Kingdom to get everything together. And as

we know, time is ticking down closer and closer to March 29th.

GORANI: Absolutely. March 29th, and January 29th, which is next Tuesday, we will be anchoring a series of special programs. And Hadas, perhaps

you'll be back for that, where Parliament will be voting on a number of measures. One of them could force the government to go to Brussels and ask

for an extension, because the country just isn't ready. So, we'll see if that goes through. Hadas Gold in Davos, thanks very much.

[14:30:12] Still to come tonight, we're just minutes away from a Senate vote that could end the U.S. government shutdown. We'll tell you why

today's effort to get the government open again, though, might just be doomed. Plus this ...

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

TROY SEARS, TRUMP SUPPORTER: I think it's a waste of time and money, and it's causing way more problems than it's helping anything.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

GORANI: As the shutdown rolls on, are Trump supporters standing by their man? We'll be right back.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

GORANI: It is -- it is 2:32 p.m. on the east coast in the United States. Any minute, the U.S. Senate is going to vote on two bills that could, if

they pass, end the 34-day-old U.S. government shutdown. There's a Republican proposal that would reopen the government and fund Trump's

border wall. There's a Democratic measure that has already passed the House. It contains no wall funding. Here's the thing, though. Neither is

going to pass. The two votes are really just political theater. Stephen Collinson, I believe, can join me now.

Are we going to Stephen? No. We are going to Stephen in just a moment. So, we're going to cover that vote a little bit later.

However, let's talk a little bit about the impact of this government shutdown on some federal workers. Air transport workers are warning of

unprecedented problems as the shutdown drags on.

An association of air traffic controllers, pilots, and flight attendants issued a statement, citing growing safety concerns. They said there is so

much uncertainty that they cannot predict when the entire commercial aviation system might break.

The number of TSA workers calling out sick has doubled from a year ago, and some are leaving their jobs altogether, rather than continue working

unpaid.

The City of Atlanta has special concerns. It's hosting one of the biggest sporting events in the world in just 10 days, and tens of thousands of

people attending the Super Bowl will be traveling through Atlanta's airport, which is already the world's busiest, by the way.

Let's bring in John Selden. He's the general manager of Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport.

Thank you for joining us. Let's talk a little bit about the situation now at the airport as the shutdown drags on. How are waiting lines? How is

that affecting the general functioning of the airport?

JOHN SELDEN, GENERAL MANAGER, HARTSFIELD-JACKSON INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT: So, Hala, good afternoon from Atlanta. But right now, and for the past few

days, we've been operating as normal. Normal TSA wait times have been 15 minutes to 20 minutes. Passengers are moving through very smoothly. All

the normal procedures have been in place. And we are running an excellent operation these days.

[14:35:15] GORANI: And how is that? Because with the increased sick-outs or calls from TSA workers calling in sick double the number the previous

year, how are you able to maintain a smooth-running operation at this stage?

SELDEN: So at this point, the TSA has flown in some additional officers to support us here in Atlanta. And we are working with our airline partners

to supplement their staff where they can perform jobs of divestiture, which is to make the passenger before they go through the screening have their

shoes off, their belt off, their computer out. And those duties are being performed by airline employees, where normally they would be performed by

TSA employees. So those people are being used at the checkpoints now.

GORANI: OK. So you're supplementing the TSA staff with other workers. And the Super Bowl is in 10 days. You -- I read have -- you're expecting

in one day 100,000 travelers?

SELDEN: The morning -- the game will end somewhere around 11:00 p.m. on Sunday night. And we expect that following day to be around 110,000 people

will have to pass through our TSA checkpoint.

Our record here in Atlanta is at 90,000. On a given day, we usually run about 65,000 to 70,000 people through our checkpoint.

GORANI: And so, what impact could the prolonged shutdown have on that?

SELDEN: So, the TSA is also committed to bring additional resources in to support the event, but the sick-out could cause other issues that even with

the additional forces, we may not have sufficient forces to provide a level of customer service to our customers, i.e., the extended wait times. The

wait times might grow to some significant wait times here at Atlanta before you can board your flight.

GORANI: And what would you call a significant wait time?

SELDEN: At least one hour plus to get through the checkpoint.

GORANI: And obviously this is having an impact on morale, I imagine.

SELDEN: It is making life more difficult here to have a normal customer experience. It is impacting our passengers. They have to get to the

airport much earlier. So -- and then to stand in line longer is also impactful to the experience of traveling through Atlanta's airport and the

most busiest airport in the world.

GORANI: And I think I meant the morale of TSA workers. I mean, they're going to probably miss a second paycheck this Friday.

SELDEN: We anticipate at this point that they will not be paid this Saturday, which is when they would get their second paycheck. And there

are other financial institutions and institutions around the City of Atlanta that are doing everything they can to help these employees, whether

it's food, parking, transportation, gasoline.

The city is rising to the occasion and supporting our federal employees as best we can in every way we can to ensure that we mitigate the impact of

this shutdown as much as possible.

GORANI: And once the shutdown is resolved and the government reopens, how quickly would you snap back to normal staffing levels and not have to rely

on airline employees, for instance, to help with those lines of passengers?

SELDEN: And that's a very good question because we anticipate -- there is the possibility that some of these employees that have not been paid for a

month possibly have found other employment throughout the city here. And some may not come back, but we know the TSA is training people here in

Georgia, in Glynco, Georgia, their academy is there.

So we expect to wrap -- to pop back very quickly to our normal operation based on, either having 95-98 percent of the staff return or almost all of

them come back. If not, the TSA will supplement that with trainees that they have in the training pipeline.

GORANI: All right. Well, good luck to you, John Selden, the manager of Atlanta Hartsfield Airport there, with the Super Bowl, especially, and

110,000 passengers expected to pass through.

Thanks so much for joining us. Appreciate it.

Well, let's get back to Washington. White House Reporter, Stephen Collinson joins me now. We were talking about these two competing

proposals to end this shutdown. Neither of them is expected to pass. So the question is, what is the point of them at this stage?

STEPHEN COLLINSON, CNN WHITE HOUSE REPORTER: Right, Hala. As you say, there's a Republican bill that enshrines the president's offer made at the

weekend, which the Democrats have already rejected. And then there's a Democratic bill that doesn't include wall funding, which the Republicans

have rejected already.

So they both need 60 votes to pass. That's not going to happen. It's going to be a little interesting to see how many Republicans vote for the

Democratic bill as well as the Republican bill. We think there'll be a number of those more moderate Republicans who want to get the government

open. So in the short term, this is not going to bring the end of this impasse any closer.

[14:40:09] But this being the Senate, it's a strange and arcane place. There's some thinking that once you get everybody on the record with a show

vote of what they're against, that could open up some avenues for Senators to talk behind the scenes and perhaps the move to get towards some kind of

compromise, at least, in the Senate could take place. That, of course, then relies how Speaker Nancy Pelosi, the Democratic House Speaker, and

President Trump getting on board.

So it could be a case of two steps back and one step forward, but we're still a long way away from ending the shutdown.

GORANI: (AUDIO GAP) kind of staked his reputation as president, as the man who will keep his promise to fund a border wall. That, after all, was

basically, almost the leitmotif of his campaign. Where is compromise here? Because you either fund the wall or you don't.

COLLINSON: It's very difficult to see. Normally in a government shutdown situation, it's a row over a budget or a financial number or raising the

debt ceiling. That means there's a number on one side and there's a number on the other, and you can come to the middle.

The wall is existential for Donald Trump. It's why a lot of people voted for him in the first place. Many people on the right believe that his own

re-election chances would be badly hit if he has to climb down in this dispute.

And on the other side, Nancy Pelosi, the House Speaker, has said a wall would be immoral, it's offensive to Democrats who believe that this is an

un-American way to approach immigration, which in itself is fundamental to the founding values of this country. So you can see why it's very

difficult to see a compromise.

There is a few rumors going around Capitol Hill today that some Republican Senators might try to persuade the President to open up the government in

return for a guarantee to talk for a number of weeks about a wider border package. That could potentially allow him to say that he got money for his

wall and Democrats to say that he didn't get money for his wall. That's where the compromise in the end is going to be. It's going to be a classic

congressional fudge.

It's just a question of how long it takes to get to that point and how much pain there needs to be on the president and to a lesser extent on Democrats

to make them move towards that compromise.

GORANI: All right. A classic congressional fudge. It's not a chocolate bar. It's a thing.

COLLINSON: That's right.

GORANI: Stephen Collinson, thank you very much. We'll keep our eye, of course, on that and speak soon. Thank you.

The longer the shutdown drags on, the deeper the pain for hundreds of thousands of government workers. They're missing a second paycheck this

week, as we've been discussing. Many of them are turning to foodbanks as they struggle to feed families and pay bills.

Now, the prospect of better times helped propel Mr. Trump into office, so after seeing all the pain that the shutdown is causing, are his supporters

still supporting him?

CNN's Vanessa Yurkevich is in the U.S. State of Michigan in the heart of Trump country. What are Trump supporters telling you about who they blame

for this shutdown?

VANESSA YURKEVICH, CNN DIGITAL CORRESPONDENT: Hi, Hala. Yes, that's right. We're in a suburb just north of Detroit, Michigan. And this area

is interesting because they were really struggling after the recession. But in 2015, the local economy started to pick up a little bit. And

President Trump also started to pick up support at that time when he announced his candidacy.

This county that we're in, Macomb County, overwhelmingly supported the president. They helped put him in office. So we wanted to come to town

and talk to those supporters and ask them what they thought about the president right now and how the shutdown was playing into their feelings.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

YURKEVICH: There's a split of opinion on lane 10.

SEARS: She's not taking the right side about being a Trump supporter.

YURKEVICH: Troy is a Trump supporter. His bowling partner, Chelsea, is not.

SEARS: He's not scared. He'll get jobs done that we need to get done, you know, he's not afraid to stand up for our country.

CHELSEA CLARK, MACOMB COUNTY, MICHIGAN RESIDENT: I'm kind of terrified to tell people that I'm not a Trump supporter because they go crazy.

YURKEVICH: You obviously -- you don't agree?

CLARK: No, no, not at all, no. I feel like the shutdown has definitely lasted too long.

YURKEVICH: The pair are bowling with their children at the local alley in Macomb County.

Obama won here twice, but Trump flipped the county in 2016, winning by more than 11 points.

But what the president has done recently has both of them unhappy.

YURKEVICH: Do you think the shutdown is worth the wall?

SEARS: No, I do not think that. No, I think it's a waste of time and money, and it's causing way more problems than it's helping anything.

[14:45:05] CLARK: Definitely not worth a wall for the government to be completely shut down for this.

YURKEVICH: But just down the road is Robert Rasch, who works in the auto industry and also runs a family clothing business. He says both jobs are

doing well thanks to hard work and President Trump.

ROBERT RASCH, TRUMP SUPPORTER: We see growth in the United States, we see growth here in our town. This used to be the home -- the Motor City -- the

capital of tool and dye -- the tool and dye industry, the automotive industry, and it's starting to finally come back.

YURKEVICH: And he likes that the president isn't backing down on his wall, even if it means shutting down the government.

RASCH: You have to do what you have to do. It's something that is necessary. To come to the United States, you have to come the right way.

YURKEVICH: Do you think that there is anything that the president could do that would make you shy away from him at all?

RASCH: No, because you know what? I am -- I've only been around 54 years but I just think to take that position, God bless him.

YURKEVICH: Is there anything the president could do to put him in a better light in your eyes?

MARK ASTOR, MACOMB COUNTY, MICHIGAN RESIDENT: Leave, step down.

YURKEVICH: In another part of the county, over a plate of goulash, Democrat Mark Astor is eager to talk about the shutdown.

YURKEVICH: Do you see this being resolved anytime soon?

ASTOR: I don't. You know, like I say, he's that stubborn and I'm glad Schumer and Pelosi are pushing it so hard to him. I really am.

YURKEVICH: Do you think that they should give in at some point?

ASTOR: No, I wouldn't, just for what Trump has said even in his campaign. All along he was saying, you know, Mexico's going to pay for it, Mexico is

going to pay for it. Have at it, bud. Have at it.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

YURKEVICH: And one thing we've heard from people in this town, in this very bowling alley, Hala, is that they're all about Americans supporting

other Americans. Local businesses here in town, like the local yoga studio, is offering free workout classes to federal employees. And even

the county hospital, Hala, is offering to waive co-pays for federal employees here in town.

GORANI: All right. Well, people -- good people are trying to help as these government employees continue to suffer without a paycheck for this

second time. CNN's Vanessa Yurkevich in Michigan, thank you very much for joining us.

So he was Scotland's first minister until just a few years ago. Now, Alex Salmond has been charged with some serious criminal offenses, charges that

he is denying. We'll bring you that story, next.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

GORANI: Some sad news this evening, amid fading hopes the search for a missing plane carrying footballer, Emiliano Salas, has been called off.

Salas' plane went missing over the English Channel on Monday while flying from Nantes in France to join his new club Cardiff City. Officials said

the decision to end the search was difficult, saying the chances of survival are extremely remote. Sala and the pilot, David Ibbotson, were

the only two people on board.

[14:50:10] Well, for years, he was the leading face of the Scottish independence campaign. We've interviewed him many times on CNN. But

today, Alex Salmond is facing some very serious criminal charges. Nina dos Santos joins me now with this story. What are the charges?

NINA DOS SANTOS, CNN EUROPE EDITOR: Yes, they are serious criminal charges. We're talking about 14 charges in total that were unveiled in a

court hearing Edinburgh earlier on today. Two charges of attempted rape, nine charges of sexual assault, two of indecent assault, Hala, and one of

breach of the peace.

Now, Salmond did not enter a plea in court. It appears he was released on bail, but he did address the media outside the courthouse and vowed

vigorously to defend his name, quote, "To the utmost," saying that he was innocent of any criminality.

Obviously for contempt of court reasons, we have to be careful about our reporting in the United Kingdom, but really, there isn't a huge amount of

information anyway that has come out of this closed hearing. We don't know what has been alleged. We don't know how many alleged victims there are.

We don't know about the dates of these allegations either.

GORANI: But do we know about the dates of when future proceedings will take place?

DOS SANTOS: We do know that according to the Scottish legal system, there should be another hearing pretty soon, but that date hasn't yet been

determined.

Alex Salmond was arrested yesterday, interviewed by police yesterday, and, of course, appeared in court today. And that is where we learned of these

14 charges, Hala.

GORANI: And he's a huge name in the U.K. I mean, he may not be a household name.

DOS SANTOS: And in Scotland.

GORANI: And, of course, in Scotland. I mean, the face of the -- of the Scottish independence referendum. And the push for Scottish independence

from the U.K. His political career had already faded, but what does this do now?

DOS SANTOS: His political career -- his political career began to fade, obviously, very abruptly when, of course, the U.K. and Scotland voted in

favor of staying inside the United Kingdom back in 2014. You'll remember one of two difficult referendum that David Cameron, the former conservative

prime minister, decided to call during his political career.

And obviously, Alex Salmond had been leading the Scottish National Party for seven years before 2014. So, between 2007 and 2014, he really

spearheaded this movement that culminated in that referendum, although the Scottish people, during that referendum, rejected independence.

Now, obviously, since then, his protege, Nicola Sturgeon, has become the Scottish first minister. And the handling of these allegations here of

sexual misconduct that had been levied a while ago against Alex Salmond, one again, he has vigorously denied, that has caused a rift between

Sturgeon and Salmond. And also, could have major implications for when the Scottish National Party may want to revive their wish to hold another

referendum on membership of the United Kingdom.

Now, Nicola Sturgeon was -- she was asked by the media for comment on these charges levied against her predecessor, she said it would be inappropriate

for her to comment at the moment. Hala.

GORANI: All right. Nina, thanks very much.

A quick break. We'll be right back.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

GORANI: Pope Francis is marking world youth day with a -- with a visit to Panama. And he offered some thoughts about the migrant caravan traveling

from Central America to the United States. He said people are simply seeking a better future and that the church must facilitate a dialogue to

help overcome fears and suspicions.

[14:55:10] Back at the Vatican, the elite force that keeps Pope Francis safe is making a change. Here's Delia Gallagher.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

DELIA GALLAGHER, CNN VATICAN ANALYST: It's a once in a lifetime moment. After more than a century, the Vatican Swiss Guards are getting new

helmets. The Swiss Guard headquarters at the Vatican on Tuesday was abuzz, unpacking the first wave of 150 new helmets just arrived from Switzerland

as they prepare to wear them for the first time.

The distinctive head gear called a Morion has gone through various changes in the 500 years since the founding of the Swiss Guards, the elite army

that protects the pope.

NICOLAS ALBERT, SWISS GUARD: This is the back and this is the front.

GALLAGHER: The previous 19th century version was made of metal, which Swiss Guard Nicolas Albert says was uncomfortable, especially when the hot

roman sun beat down for hours, scorching guards' skin. The new model is U.V. ray resistant and made of PVC, with hidden air vents to keep the

guards cool.

ALBERT: A lot of them were quite looking forward to wear them because they didn't really like the old helmets. But yes, you wear what you get.

GALLAGHER: The 21st century design was created by Swiss engineer Peter Portman and the 3D printing company, which scans the 16th century original

to create a prototype, which is then molded in PVC and painted with a water-based U.V.-resistant paint. It takes just one day to make one

helmet, whereas the metal model took days.

The helmets cost about a thousand dollars each, paid for by private funds from donors, like American businessman Jack Boyd Smith and his wife Laura,

who say they were happy to be part of such a historic change.

JACK BOYD SMITH, DONOR: I paid for the helmets. I think it's exciting. Change is always good. And it's going to be new and modern, but it'll

still conform with the old guard, so to speak.

GALLAGHER: The Swiss Guards tell me that it's actually a myth that Michelangelo designed their uniforms. They are from the renaissance, but

it was actually the popes at that time who decided on the vibrant reds, blues, and yellows that make these uniforms such a standout today.

Pope Francis, the guards say, has not weighed in yet on their change of helmet, a small tweak in a centuries' old tradition as the Vatican steps

slowly but surely into the 21st century.

Delia Gallagher, CNN, Rome.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

GORANI: Thanks for watching. "QUEST MEANS BUSINESS" is next.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

END