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Hong Kong Protests; Iran Denies Violation of Nuclear Deal; U.S. May Settle for Nuclear Freeze by North Korea; OPEC Extends Oil Supply Cuts to March 2020. Aired 2-3a ET
Aired July 2, 2019 - 02:00 ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
ROSEMARY CHURCH, CNN ANCHOR (voice-over): Hello and welcome to our viewers joining us from all around the world, I'm Rosemary Church with the next two hours of CNN NEWSROOM. Let's get started.
We are live in Hong Kong, where officials are coping with the aftermath of a violent protest.
Iran raises the stakes by boosting uranium enrichment and threatening to take even more steps.
Plus U.S. lawmakers make an appeal after an up-close look at the conditions at a detention center for migrants.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: We need a system that works, is humane and that is compassionate and that keeps families together.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
CHURCH: And thanks for joining us.
Hong Kong's police commissioner says that his officers were under siege when protesters stormed the legislative council building, ransacking it; 13 police officers have been hospitalized. The protesters smashed through glass doors outside the building and then flooded into the main chamber. Riot police arrived, firing tear gas to disperse the protesters. Here's how Hong Kong's chief executive reacted.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
CARRIE LAM, HONG KONG CHIEF EXECUTIVE: Nothing is more important than the rule of law in Hong Kong. So I hope community at large will agree with us that, with these violent acts that we have seen, it is right for us to condemn it and hope society will return to normal as soon as possible.
(END VIDEO CLIP) CHURCH: And our Nic Robertson was in the middle of all of this. He shares with us the chaos that unfolded inside and outside the building.
NIC ROBERTSON, CNN INTERNATIONAL DIPLOMATIC EDITOR (voice-over): The moment of confrontation: Hong Kong police lobbing tear gas into the umbrella wielding crowd. The last stand from protesters, who spent the day storming the legislative council.
Riot police herding crowds through the streets, finally moving in to quash the demonstration, after hours where the protesters seemed in control. Earlier, these astonishing scenes inside the Hong Kong legislative council chamber.
Protesters seizing the very room where lawmakers usually sit. Their message, "Release the righteous. Hold police responsible. Take back universal suffrage."
They left a path of destruction, sprayed slogans on the walls and defaced the city's coat of arms.
This was the moment when they smashed through the glass of the council building after hours of using trolleys, barricades and metal poles, shielded by umbrellas, the infamous symbol of resistance to Chinese domination.
ROBERTSON: Just over my shoulder here you can probably hear what sounds like a battering ram. It is a battering ram of sorts. It is one of those barricades you just saw being used to batter into this government building.
ROBERTSON (voice-over): Once through the first layer of the building, protesters tore down metal fencing. With the building's security fully breached the, floodgates were opened. The protesters looked well prepared, with gloves, masks and helmets.
But one told CNN, "We don't have a plan. We just want to say something."
July 1st is often a day for protests in Hong Kong, marking the anniversary of its handover to China in 1997.
While official celebrations were held, complete with the Chinese national anthem, protesters raised their own black flag of rebellion outside the government building. The embattled Hong Kong chief executive responded during the ceremony, promising to change her style of governance.
CARRIE LAM, HONG KONG CHIEF EXECUTIVE (through translator): I will learn the lesson and ensure that the government's future work will be closer and more responsive to the aspirations, sentiments and opinions of the community.
ROBERTSON (voice-over): But so far that has not quelled calls for her resignation. While the breakaway group was violently smashing into government headquarters, another, much larger and more peaceful march through the city. These latest demonstrations come after weeks of unrest, triggered by a proposed new bill that would allow extradition --
ROBERTSON (voice-over): -- to China. Although the government has suspended the bill for now, many in Hong Kong say they will continue to protest until the creep of Chinese influence into their lives is altered -- Nic Robertson, CNN, Hong Kong.
CHURCH: Let's bring in Anna Coren also in Hong Kong.
Anna, you were there as well watching this unfold. But no sign of any protesters today.
What are their plans going forward, given Hong Kong's chief executive is now saying the extradition bill that triggered this protest is effectively dead?
ANNA COREN, CNN ANCHOR: Rosemary, a really good question. I'm not sure the protesters themselves exactly know what the next step is. We have to remember that this is a very illegalist (ph) movement would lead to the problems we saw yesterday because there is no specific leader.
The chaos that ensued here at the legislative council behind me last night, it just goes to show that this is a group of people extremely divided as to how to fight the Hong Kong government, fight them over this controversial extradition bill, which, as you say, has been indefinitely shelved.
But they want it completely withdrawn. They feel that they are not being listened to, Rosemary. Speaking to many of these protesters last night, they say they took the action, the violent actions at the legislative council building, trashing a public building.
This sort of behavior would not be tolerated anywhere else certainly in the developed world, let alone in an international financial hub like Hong Kong. But these people say they are desperate. They feel that there is no future, that China is tightening its grip on Hong Kong and that, despite the fact that 1 million people turned out the first Sunday, 2 million the following Sunday, that is not enough.
They needed to take action, they needed to break into the legislative council building for the government to take notice.
The problem is that this really plays into the government's hand. It plays into the Communist Party's hands. This assists their narrative that they need to control Hong Kong, that they need to tighten its grip.
Let's have a listen to Claudia Mo. She's a pro democracy lawmaker. (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
CLAUDIA MO, PRO-DEMOCRACY LEGISLATOR: The government has not made concessions. They suspended the bill and the suspension is essentially temporary. It boils down to trust among the people. And Carrie Lam has completely lost any trust among Hong Kong people.
And I hope that this is not going to make Beijing to tighten even further its grip on Hong Kong. But then --
ANDREW STEVENS, CNN ASIA PACIFIC EDITOR: Is that a fear of yours?
MO: Very much.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
COREN: That was Claudia Mo speaking to our Andrew Stevens earlier today. She obviously does not condone the violence but she sympathizes with the protesters. Rosemary, I spoke to Martin Li, an 81-year-old man who was the face, he's the founder of the pro- democracy movement here in Hong Kong.
He said I have failed these people, these young people, and this is why they are taking the action they are because they feel there is no hope. They feel absolutely desperate that Hong Kong is slowly becoming part of mainland China, despite the one country, two systems policy they have enjoyed for the last 22 years since the handover from Britons to Mainland China.
They feel that Hong Kong is being absorbed into the mainland. By 2047, which is the deadline for Hong Kong to become part of mainland China, by then, it will have definitely happened.
So these protesters are fighting for their future -- Rosemary.
CHURCH: Meantime, Beijing blames these protests on hostile Western forces.
What does that mean exactly and what role might Beijing play in trying to settle this problem?
COREN: Rosemary, we just heard from the Beijing governor, a spokesperson for the central government. They say that what happened here as severe illegal action. They said the storming of LegCo is undisguised, an undisguised challenge to the one country, two systems and they should condemn --
COREN: -- what happened here in Hong Kong, that Beijing fully supports the Hong Kong government as well as the police.
As I was saying, Rosemary, Beijing must be looking at what has transpired here in the last 24 hours and think they have played right into our hands. Speaking to democracy leaders yesterday, they feel that this was a trap. You have to remember that for 9-10, almost 11 hours -- it was 10 hours before we saw police. When protesters decided at 2 o'clock yesterday afternoon they were going to storm LegCo, there was a discussion, a debate. We were here witnessing it. When they decided a 2 o'clock to storm LegCo using a battering arm that they had produced, steel bars, battering ram, I should say, steel bars, whatever they could, police were nowhere to be seen.
That was the case for more than 10 hours. There was no police present. So police if anything, they just allowed the protesters to run amok. That plays to the narrative for the Hong Kong government; it certainly plays to Beijing's central government as well, that these are youths, rioters, they are hooligans.
And that is the real concern that what has happened here in the last 24 hours will now work against the protest movement and those young protesters -- Rosemary.
CHURCH: Thank you, Anna Coren, at the front of that legislative council building that was stormed about 24 hours ago.
Iran is denying it has violated 2015 nuclear agreement, even though its stockpiles of enriched low-grade uranium exceed the limit set by the deal. Iran's foreign minister argued his nation has the right to go over the 300-kilogram limit since Washington withdrew from that pact last year. He also warns that Iran could cross another threshold.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
MOHAMMAD JAVAD ZARIF, IRANIAN FOREIGN MINISTER (through translator): Our next step will be enriching uranium beyond the 3.67 percent allowed under the deal. The Europeans have failed to fulfill their promises of protecting Iran's interests under the deal.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
CHURCH: So far, the international community has expressed concern over Tehran's move. A U.N. spokesman urged the Islamic Republic to stick to its commitments.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
STEPHANE DUJARRIC, U.N. SPOKESPERSON: If verified, such action by the Islamic Republic of Iran would not help preserve the plan nor secure the tangible economic benefits for the Iranian people.
It is essential that this issue, like other issues related to the implementation of the plan, be addressed through the mechanism established by the JCPOA.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
CHURCH: After an historic meeting with the leader of North Korea, U.S. president Trump is considering a possible deal with Kim Jong-un. "The New York Times" reports that under the deal the U.S. would accept the Hermit Kingdom as a nuclear power if the country freezes its weapons program. CNN's Pamela Brown has more.
PAMELA BROWN, CNN SENIOR WHITE HOUSE CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): President Donald Trump back at the White House, tweeting, "There wasn't a thing missing or a mistake that was made. Perfect," on the heels of the G20 and his monumental surprise visit to North Korea, where he had an impromptu meeting with North Korean leader Kim Jong- un.
KIM JONG-UN, NORTH KOREAN LEADER (through translator): I never expected to meet you at this place. If you take a step forward, you will be the first U.S. president to cross this line.
BROWN (voice-over): Trump taking 20 steps into North Korea, making him the first sitting American president to set foot in the Hermit Kingdom. He was greeted by the smiling Kim Jong-un.
TRUMP: This is my honor. I didn't really expect it. Stepping across that line was a great honor.
BROWN (voice-over): The two leaders met for almost an hour, agreeing to restart negotiations on the long-elusive nuclear agreement. The president even suggested Kim Jong-un should visit the White House.
All of this as "The New York Times" is reporting the U.S. may be willing to agree to a nuclear freeze, which would pause further weapons development in North Korea but allow it to keep existing weapons.
This would be a reversal for the Trump administration's previous goal of complete denuclearization by North Korea.
White House national security adviser John Bolton slammed the report, tweeting, "I read this "New York Times" story with curiosity. Neither the NSC staff nor I have discussed or heard of any desire to settle for a nuclear freeze by North Korea. This was a reprehensible attempt by someone to box in the president. There should be consequences."
Bolton, who has been a strong advocate for full denuclearization of North Korea, was in Mongolia and not present --
BROWN (voice-over): -- for Trump's meeting with Kim. After the Kim meeting, the president took aim at the Obama administration and its inability to get a meeting with Kim, according to Trump.
TRUMP: President Obama wanted to meet and Chairman Kim would not meet him. The Obama administration was begging for a meeting. They were begging for meetings constantly. And Chairman Kim would not meet with him.
BROWN (voice-over): That prompted a sharp rebuttal from former Obama national security advisor Susan Rice, with this tweet, this happening the same day that Iran has exceeded its uranium stockpile limit set in the 2015 Obama administration nuclear deal with Iran.
The move is Tehran's first major breach of the accord since Trump withdrew from the agreement last year. The deal limited Iran's uranium enrichment in exchange for an easing of international sanctions. Trump's meeting with Kim came after several days of cozying up to other dictators and strongmen at the G20, including Saudi crown prince MBS...
TRUMP: You've done really a spectacular job.
BROWN (voice-over): -- China's President Xi...
TRUMP: And we've become friends.
BROWN (voice-over): -- Turkish President Erdogan...
TRUMP: My honor to be with a friend of mine.
BROWN (voice-over): -- and Russian president Vladimir Putin, whom he joked with about election interference.
TRUMP: Don't meddle in the election, please.
BROWN: President Trump spoke to reporters in the Oval Office following his trip overseas. He spoke about a range of issues on Iran. He said the regime is, quote, "playing with fire."
And on China he said any trade deal would be tilted in America's favor -- Pamela Brown, CNN, the White House.
CHURCH: Joining me now is David Rohde, a CNN global affairs analyst and the executive editor of "The New Yorker" website.
Always great to have you on the show.
DAVID ROHDE, CNN GLOBAL AFFAIRS ANALYST: Thank you.
CHURCH: Let's start with your impression of what was achieved by President Trump at his historic meeting at the demilitarized zone with North Korea's Kim Jong-un. Nothing more than a photo opportunity or was it a meeting that could possibly result in some level of denuclearization, do you think?
ROHDE: I think it maintains the status quo. North Korea is not engaging in intercontinental ballistic missile tests. It has not had another nuclear test. So that's a positive thing. But I don't see what the United States and the international community got out of the meeting.
There's really still no progress on this core issue of North Korea denuclearizing.
CHURCH: What did you make of "The New York Times" report that suggested President Trump may go for a nuclear freeze as a next step with North Korea rather than complete denuclearization as he has called for in the past?
His national security adviser dismisses the notion but he was in Mongolia.
ROHDE: If that does happen, if there is an agreement where the freeze is put into permanent place, that's a tremendous victory for Kim Jong-un and a recognition that North Korea has nuclear weapons and will keep nuclear weapons. And it's a step backward from the last several American administrations.
President Trump is taking many risks here; he should be credited for that but he has not yet outperformed any former American president in terms of North Korea.
He promised to outdo them; he promised to force North Korea to give up its nuclear weapons. That's not happening and I think there's a chance he will agree to this, that they will essentially -- there will be a freeze and again that will essentially be a huge victory for North Korea.
CHURCH: Why do you think they would be looking at that as a possible option?
ROHDE: There's an election coming up in the United States and the president wants credit for a foreign policy success. He does not really have one. This Middle East peace plan has not gone anywhere. Tensions are rising with Iran.
As you saw at the G20 summit, he continues to attack longstanding American allies. So this will give him the chance to claim success. Again, this is a step backwards from where the last several American presidents have been.
CHURCH: You mentioned Iran.
Where does all these efforts to negotiate with Iran now that we learn Tehran's uranium stockpiles have exceeded the limit allowed under the 2015 nuclear deal?
The core Trump abandoned last year?
ROHDE: It's the latest very provocative move by Iran, by hardliners there. It's a negative step. They are now in violation of the 2015 agreement. Yes, President Trump pulled out but there's an effort to provoke Trump, from mining the tankers in the Gulf --
ROHDE: -- to shooting down the American drone to now beginning uranium enrichment again. I think this is an effort by Iran to pressure Europe to aid them more, to help them deal with new American sanctions.
But broadly speaking, again, whether it's great photo ops on the DMZ and between North and South Korea or tough talk against Iran, a lot of saber rattling, none of these strategies -- and I hope President Trump succeeds -- but none of these diplomatic strategies have produced any kind of diplomatic breakthrough anywhere.
CHURCH: It's worth mentioning, we all watched the U.S. president meet Kim Jong-un at the DMZ and other dictators at the G20, Vladimir Putin and the Saudi crown prince, China and Turkey's presidents.
What are the optics of those sorts of meetings with a U.S. president?
ROHDE: I think they're a sign -- and I'm biased as a journalist -- but they're a sign you can repress the free press; if you are MBS, you can kill a "Washington Post" columnist. If you're President Erdogan of Turkey, you can jail dozens of journalists.
We've seen this over and over, where the president seems more comfortable with autocrats and jokes about interference in the U.S. election and jokes about the press with Vladimir Putin.
So it's a reversal in the traditional American role and it's very troubling. As a journalist, it's really disturbing. These are values I think he should be defending, not mocking.
CHURCH: David Rohde, always good to have you on the show. Thank you.
ROHDE: Thank you.
CHURCH: They are not the front-runners in the race to unseat Donald Trump just yet but a new CNN poll holds good news for Senators Kamala Harris and Elizabeth Warren. Have the details just ahead.
Plus new developments from the Middle East that could push prices at the pump even higher. We will explain.
CHURCH: Welcome back.
The U.S. is condemning a Taliban attack in the Afghan capital that killed at least six people and wounded more than 100. Afghan officials say a ministry of defense compound was the target of a car bomb. It was followed by an eight-hour gun battle; five nearby schools were damaged in the blast, wounding dozens of children.
CHURCH: OPEC is extending oil supply cuts until March of 2020 after five hours of negotiations the group agreed on the continued restrictions. The move is expected to anger Donald Trump, who wants to keep gas prices in check.
OPEC has been reducing oil production since 2017 to prop up crude prices in the face of soaring U.S. production and a weakening global economy. On Monday OPEC members agreed to formalize the charter with non-OPEC
members despite Iran's objection that the agreement should be ratified by national governments. John Defterios spoke with Iran's energy minister as he left the OPEC meeting.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
JOHN DEFTERIOS, CNN EMERGING MARKETS EDITOR: So I know you had reservations, Minister, about signing a new charter.
Did you get the guarantees you are looking for at the end of the day?
BIJAN ZANGANEH, IRANIAN ENERGY MINISTER: Yes. I have some concern about these regulations. Firstly, I agreed this charter is non binding for the participants and, secondly, a very important thing is it has no impact we -- Iran signed it as a resolution and OPEC, inside OPEC, there has no impact on OPEC, the existence of OPEC.
DEFTERIOS: So what is your biggest concern then?
Why were you fighting for five hours that night to try to get an agreement?
What was the holdup?
ZANGANEH: Yes, sometimes we make a difficulty and it needs some time to change the views and finally, after many difficulty to reject.
DEFTERIOS: You are suffering a lot right now. You are losing up to $50 billion in export revenues today.
Can the Iranian people really stand by you as you've seen that lost revenue and with the United States perhaps pushing for regime change?
What is going on?
ZANGANEH: They cannot change the regime. If they could, now they I am not here (ph). They cannot. Forty years they are trying to change the regime but they cannot. And this situation they cannot do. I'm sure I recommend them not to go ahead in this way.
DEFTERIOS: How do you get the sanctions lifted against you, then, to take the pressure off?
Do you see the sanctions getting lifted at all?
ZANGANEH: This is pressure on us but it does not mean that we will accept the pressure -- under pressure we start to negotiate with the United States. If the United States was change the situation, I believe they should lift the sanctions and then, as I told today several times, they will witness many changes in the environment.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
CHURCH: The energy minister refused to comment on Iranian oil exports or support from Russia and China because he said it would signal the U.S. to add more pressure.
Authorities in California are investigating a suspicious package sent to a Facebook mailing facility that tested positive for the nerve agent sarin. The fire marshal says the facility was evacuated and two people who came into contact with the package did not show any symptoms of exposure.
A Facebook spokesman says the company is cooperating with police. The fire marshal says Facebook tests all packages coming in to its facility and it's possible this was a false positive.
A new CNN poll shows Joe Biden's lead shrinking among Democratic voters. Up next, who is closing the gap in the race to take on Donald Trump?
And U.S. Border Patrol agents under investigation. Their secret Facebook group is revealed and the posts are raising concerns. We're back in a moment.
[02:31:33] CHURCH: Welcome back everyone. I'm Rosemary Church. I want to update you now on the top stories we've been following this hour.
Hong Kong chief executive Carrie Lam is strongly condemning the protests at the city's legislative building. This after hundreds of demonstrators smashed their way inside and vandalized the main chamber. The protests have been sparked by a controversial extradition bill that Lam now says she now will let expire.
Iran, says it has not breached the 2015 nuclear agreement, even though its stockpiles of enrich low grade Uranium now exceed the deals limits. Tehran, says it is responding to Washington's withdraw from the pact. The U.S. president says, Iran is playing with fire.
Mr. Trump is also discussing those fresh trade talks with China, announced at the G20 summit. On Monday, he said negotiations are underway, and that a deal has to be, "Better for us than for them." Mr. Trump, said China had taken unfair advantage of the U.S., and any new agreement could not be 50/50.
Well, a new CNN poll shows the race for the democratic presidential nomination is getting tighter. Former Vice President Joe Biden is still ahead of the pack, but his lead is down 10 points since May. CNN political director David Chalian, has the details.
DAVID CHALIAN, CNN POLITICAL DIRECTOR: This poll was taken entirely after both of those nights of debating took place in Miami last week. And we've got a top tier here. You see Biden's need -- lead has significantly narrowed 22 percent. Harris at 17 percent, Warren at 15 percent, Sanders at 14 percent, nobody else cracks five percent in this poll.
I want you to take a look at the change over time. You noted Joe Biden down 10 percentage points since May. Kamala Harris, Elizabeth Warren, doubling their support since May. Harris up nine, Warren up eight. Sanders is down four, Buttigieg about even down one point since May.
What's behind some of Biden's support why he still holds that narrow lead? The African American vote is still critical to him. 36 percent among African Americans to this poll are with Biden, 24 percent for Harris, 12 percent for Warren, nine percent for Sanders. You see here the battle among the white vote a lot closer. It is this advantage among African American voters that is keeping Joe Biden at the lead in the moment. And I want you to see this. I think this is really interesting.
We see Kamala Harris shooting up to that second place up. But look at this on the issues. Whether it's the economy, health care, or climate, we asked Democrats, who do you think is best equipped to handle it? And she is well below on those issues, her top tier competitors here. Except for one issue that we tested, race relations. She is well ahead here. 29 percent say she is best equipped to deal with race relations compared to Joe Biden at 16 percent, Sanders at 13, Booker at nine, and Warren at six.
[02:34:39] CHURCH: David Chalian with that report. Well, South Bend Indiana mayor, Pete Buttigieg, didn't get a bump in the polls. But he did have a huge second quarter in the fundraising department. His campaign says he pulled in nearly $25 million from more than 230,000 new unique donors. That works out to an average contribution of about $47. His press secretary says Buttigieg now has more than $22 million in cash on hand.
Well, U.S. lawmakers are calling conditions at border detention facilities a human rights crisis. A delegation from the U.S. Congressional Hispanic Caucus toured centers in Texas on Monday. Their tour comes after an internal watchdog warned of dangerous overcrowding in El Paso. And immigration lawyers described insanitary conditions for hundreds of children in Clint.
REP. JOAQUIN CASTRO (D-TX): One of the women said that she was told by an agent to drink water out of the toilet.
REP. JUDY CHU (D-CA): I will never forget the image being in a cell and seeing 15 women, tears coming down their faces.
REP. LORI TRAHAN (D-MA): And there were times when I walk through these facilities and I was in rage, and there were times that I walk through this facility, and I was brought to my knees in tears.
REP. ALEXANDRIA OCASIO-CORTEZ (D-NY): What we saw today was unconscionable. No child should ever be separated from their parents. No child should ever be taken from their family. No woman should ever be locked up in a pen when they have done no harm to another human being. They should be given water, they should be given basic access to human rights.
(END VIDEOTAPE) CHURCH: Joaquin Castro posted a photo of some of the women who are in the El Paso Center. He said some had been separated from their children held for 50 days and denied showers and medicine.
Nick Valencia is in Clint Texas and has more on the lawmaker's visit.
NICK VALENCIA, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Members of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus toured three Border Patrol facilities along the southern border today, but it was at this station here in Clint, Texas where on a recent trip independent monitors called conditions unconscionable that the Congressional delegation spent about an hour. And when they emerged, some of the members were clearly emotional.
It was Chairman Joaquin Castro, who says that migrants are being held in dehumanizing conditions. Another member went on to say that the country is in a very dark place. But it was Representative Ayanna Pressley that perhaps gave the most impassioned statement.
REP. AYANNA PRESSLEY (D-MA): This is bigger than a funding debate.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: That's right.
PRESSLEY: Our bad it is speeches that we give here o the floor of the House of Representatives. This is about the preservation of our humanity. And this is about seeing every single parts in there as a member of your own family.
VALENCIA: The visit comes on the same day that an investigative team with ProPublica reported on a closed Facebook group said to comprise of nearly 9,500 current and former Border Patrol agents.
Now, the Facebook group features jokes about migrant deaths, racially derogatory comments. And responding to those allegations, the National Border Patrol Council tweeted this. "National Border Patrol Council condemns the inappropriate and unprofessional social media posts related to members of Congress and those encountered by Borde Patrol agents."
Nick Valencia, CNN, Clint, Texas.
CHURCH: And the chief of operations for the U.S. Border Patrol claims the offensive Facebook posts were limited to a small number of people. He told CNN's Brooke Baldwin, investigations are underway.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
BRIAN HASTINGS, CHIEF, LAW ENFORCEMENT OPERATIONS, UNITED STATES BORDER PATROL: We take all the posts that were put out today very seriously. These do not represent the thoughts of the men and women of the U.S. Border Patrol. Each one of these allegations will be thoroughly investigated. They're already -- we have already turned this into the Office of the Inspector General and our own internal CBP Office of Internal Affairs to begin the investigations.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
CHURCH: The Salvadoran father and daughter who died trying to cross into the United States were buried Monday in San Salvador. The photo of the bodies of Oscar Alberto Martinez and his 23 month-old daughter underscored the dangers of illegal immigration, and ignited intensified criticism of the Trump administration's policies.
Private funeral came a day after El Salvador's president took the blame for their deaths. Saying the country failed to provide decent jobs, schools, or a health care system.
Well, a cartoon depicting President Trump playing golf over the bodies of the two migrants went viral last week, and the cartoonist believes a customer job. Michael de Adder posted the cartoon online showing Mr. Trump asking the migrants if they mind if he plays through. Days later, Canada's Brunswick News Incorporated canceled de Adder's freelance contract.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
MICHAEL DE ADDER, CARTOONIST: I spent 17 years of -- you know, filling spots and do my job. There wasn't a day that I wasn't working that a cartoon of mine didn't appear. And I seem to have a good relationship on a Monday when I was talking to my editor. And then, you know, I had posted that cartoon online. And on Thursday, I was dismissed. And without cause, like without a reason.
You know, I asked, you know, what's the reason for this? And you know, I went through the list of items. I mean, was it cost? And they said, "No." Was it gross incompetence? And then, they said, "No." And or was it my online presence? And again, no. And that's -- that was the end of the conversation. And it leaves you to wonder. It leaves you to wonder. Right?
(END VIDEO CLIP)
[02:40:39] CHURCH: Brunswick News confirms it canceled de Adder's contract. But insist it was not because of the cartoon. De Adder, says he never submitted the cartoon to Brunswick news, he just posted it on social media.
When you concerns about the security detail for U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo. Just ahead, why a whistleblower says the team is like Uber eats with guns. Back in a moment.
CHURCH: In just a few hours from now, a total solar eclipse will be visible in South America. Ivan Cabrera has all the details for us. So, Ivan, where is the best place to be for the best view?
IVAN CABRERA, CNN METEOROLOGIST: Yes. Well, you have to be in South America if you're not, then, you know, you're not be able to see it. Good to see you, Rosemary. I'm going to take you into my astronomy lab, but first of all, and then, we'll get into the path of totality.
What the weather conditions are going to be like because that's going to be important too. So, what are we talking about, this only happens about twice a year. It's a total solar eclipse, right. If you've never been in one, it is quite spectacular. You need a new moon that is the moon needs to be between the Sun and the earth, and what happens is it's doesn't happen often, but the moon will cast its shadow on the earth. And when that happens, depending on what part of the shadow you're in there's two. There's the outer shadow. We don't like that. Well, that's a partial
eclipse. But if you happen to be in the inner shadow, that is what we have the path of totality and that is where the Sun disappears for a few minutes.
You start hearing a birds chirping and all sorts of things very unusual. You get that dusk look to the sky. So, here is what's going to happen as far as a path of totality. Again, only about one percent of the Earth's surface is covered by these when they happen. And this happens to be the path of totality for today's solar eclipse.
We're talking about Chile, we're talking about Argentina. And that's it, right? So, this is the path La Serena, San Juan, Rio Cuarto and Dolores, south of Buenos Aires. You have to be in the 100 percent. 99 percent is not going to cut it.
[02:45:10] That's like being in a hotel room and drawing the shades, but then just leaving a little -- and you know that light comes in, that's a problem and you're not going to get the full effect.
This is when it's going to happen, 4:39 as it rolls through to Rio Cuarto at 5:42 and then 5:44 local time in Buenos Aires. How is the weather going to be fairer because if we have a cloudy sky, well, there is no eclipse, right? Well, it's happening, you just won't be able to see it.
I think, we're going to be good we're starting off with some cloud cover, but the feature coming in from south to north, but that by the afternoon, when that we have the path of totality, I think the skies will be mostly clear. So, we're going to be an excellent shape.
If you are watching us from this area, you happen to be, yes, don't look directly at the Sun you want to use those approved not use a regular sunglasses, they have to be an approved solar filters. You can protect your eyes to watch a spectacular astronomical event.
Again, only twice a year. So, if you're lucky enough to be in this area, take a gander up at the sky. Rosemary.
CHURCH: Very exciting. Good tips there as well. Thanks, Ivan. I appreciate it.
CABRERA: You bet.
CHURCH: Well, another potential scandal is brewing inside the Trump administration. This one involves America's top diplomat Secretary of State Mike Pompeo. CNN's Michelle Kosinski has the details. (BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)
MICHELLE KOSINSKI, CNN SENIOR DIPLOMATIC CORRESPONDENT: Democrats are looking into whistleblower allegations that the State Department's Diplomatic Security Service is at times running errands for the secretary of state.
In one instance, picking up Chinese food for Mike Pompeo when he was not in the car, according to congressional investigators. The whistleblower said it led to complaints the security team was treated like "Uber eats with guns."
Another time, picking up the Pompeo dog from the groomer. The Secretary has discussed his fondness for the pets during congressional testimony.
MIKE POMPEO, UNITED STATES SECRETARY OF STATE: I have a soft spot for my golden retrievers.
KOSINSKI: And according to a document provided to the committee and shown to CNN, agents were told to pick up Pompeo's adult son at Washington's Union Station. According to D.S. protocol, the secretary should be in the car during these kinds of trips. And D.S. should be doing them only if there's some threat that would necessitate it.
The State Department did not deny that these trips took place but a D.S. special agent in charge insisted that "At no point during my service did he or any member of his family ask me or any member of my team to act in a way that would be inconsistent with our professional obligation to protect the Secretary."
It's not clear whether these alleged tasks were initiated by Pompeo himself or someone on his staff without his knowledge, but the whistleblower told congressional investigators that there's a culture right now at D.S. to try to please Pompeo and not make him angry.
REAR ADM. JOHN KIRBY (RET.), CNN MILITARY AND DIPLOMATIC ANALYST: These are not the kinds of people that go around complaining. They do their jobs and they do them proudly, and they do them quietly. And so that you have somebody who felt so strongly about this, that they decided to go to Congress, I think that has to be taken seriously.
KOSINSKI: Congressional investigators are also seeking to understand why Pompeo's wife, Susan, has her own security detail. This is unusual according to a former senior D.S. official, who said that if security was granted to his secretary spouse in the past, it was just for short periods of time, and only after a threat assessment for that person was done within an intelligence division of Diplomatic Security.
The whistleblower told congressional investigators that multiple agents understood that the normal procedure was not followed. And that they were warned not to use her call sign which is "Shocker" over the radios because they "know it's not kosher."
Something a State Department spokesperson calls absolutely and definitively not true. The spokesperson tells CNN only that an initial threat assessment was done for Susan Pompeo in July 2018. A special agent in charge defended the assignment. "Today, the security threats against Secretary Pompeo and his family are unfortunately very real. The Diplomatic Security Service is proud to protect the Pompeo family from those who had harmed the secretary of state and the United States.
Michelle Kosinski, CNN, New York.
CHURCH: It was a high-profile G20 for more than one Trump. Just ahead, how first daughter Ivanka managed to step into the spotlight, and why some critics of panning of performance.
Plus, a 15-year-old phenom faces one of her idols on the biggest stage in tennis. What happened when Coco met Venus? Next on CNN NEWSROOM.
[02:50:55] CHURCH: Well, opening day at Wimbledon was filled with upsets but none more surprising than 15-year-old Cori Coco Gauff. Making her grand slam debut with the win over five-time Wimbledon champ Venus Williams.
Gauff did not seem star struck, saying after the match she likes to shoot really high and her goal is to win the tournament. Here's a closer look.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
CORI GAUFF, AMERICAN TENNIS PLAYER: Last year, I did not think I would be here. So, it means a lot. It just means that if you keep working hard, then your dreams will come true.
They're just really great role models for me. My whole life looked up to them. Even now I still look up -- look up to them and my game is kind of modeled a little bit after them.
At the end of Grand Slams, I just think about that feeling of maybe one day I can be where they are. At the end of victory seeing how happy they are when they win, and sometimes I just hope that one day I can have that moment too, a feeling of winning a Grand Slam.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
CHURCH: Very impressive. Well, the White House is pushing back against criticism of first daughter and presidential adviser Ivanka Trump. She seemed to be front and center during some key moments of the G20 summit, and her father's visit to North Korea. CNN's Sara Murray has our report.
SARA MURRAY, CNN POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT: As Ivanka Trump tried to jump into conversation with world leaders including the Canadian prime minister, the French president, and the British prime minister, she created a viral moment.
IVANKA TRUMP, DAUGHTER AND ADVISER TO PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP: And the same with the defense line, in terms of the whole sort of, it's been very male-dominated.
MURRAY: Critics say, International Monetary Fund managing director Christine Lagarde's look said it all. On the president's swing through Asia for the G20, the first daughter assumed an unusually prominent role on the world stage.
I. TRUMP: Thank you, Prime Minister Abe for hosting the G20 summit in the vibrant city of Osaka. And thank you for your steadfast commitment to women's economic empowerment. The 37-year-old whose official title is advisor to the president left some national security officials bristling, suggesting she was stepping into a role more commonly occupied by diplomats.
DONALD TRUMP, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: A lot of really positive things are happening --
MURRAY: As the president held an impromptu meeting at the Korean border with Kim Jong-un, Ivanka stood nearby. She shook the North Korean dictator's hand and later, told a reporter, the whole thing was surreal.
In a photo op with the U.S. delegation and their South Korean counterparts, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo shuffled behind the group looking for an opening, as Ivanka and her husband Jared Kushner beamed in the foreground. When she spotted Pompeo, Ivanka stepped to the side.
Tonight, Democrats are sounding the alarm about a foreign policy neophyte taking center stage. Congresswoman Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, tweeting, "It may be shocking to some but being someone's daughter actually isn't a career qualification. It hurts our diplomatic standing when the president phones it in and the world moves on."
But the president seemed thrilled to have Ivanka take top billing alongside Pompeo.
D.TRUMP: Has anyone ever heard of Ivanka?
All right, come up, Ivanka. Come on, she's going to steal the show. She sure. What a beautiful couple. Mike, Beauty and the Beast, Mike.
MURRAY: Ivanka also took to the spotlight in a video published by the White House, offering a readout of the president's trilateral meetings with India and Japan.
[02:54:59] I. TRUMP: We are here at the G20 in Osaka and the Prime Minister Modi, and Prime Minister Abe just concluded a meeting with the president, talking about 5G technology.
MURRAY: That responsibility is usually left to a national security staffer via a written statement.
I. TRUMP: It's been a productive morning, to say the least.
MURRAY: While Ivanka has little formal diplomatic experience, she does have experience doing business abroad. Including in India, one of the Trump organizations top markets.
Now, Ivanka Trump is formally on leave from the Trump Organization while she works in her father's White House. The White House put out a statement that says in part, it is sad but not shocking that the haters chose to attack Ivanka Trump.
Sara Murray, CNN, Washington.
CHURCH: This week kicks off our special month of coverage on CNN space 50 as we lead up to the 50th anniversary of the moon landing. And we begin with a special animated series. CNN business anchor Julia Chatterley explores the origin stories of five everyday items inspired by innovations from space technology.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
JULIA CHATTERLEY, CNN INTERNATIONAL ANCHOR: For many people, sneakers are inseparable from a life on the go. In 2017, just in the U.S. alone, athletic footwear generated nearly $20 billion in sales. And you can thank the Apollo air spacesuit for some of that inspiration.
Known as blow up a molding, a process used to create the astronaut's helmets also became a way to hollow out the soles of athletic shoes. Making way for shock absorbing materials like air cells. Not long afterwards, former NASA engineer Frank Rudi took this idea to a shoe company you might have heard of, and the Nike Air was born.
Turns out we've been walking in the footsteps or, at least, the shoes of astronauts after all.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
CHURCH: How about that? And make sure you stay with us all month for more space coverage including an exploration of the economy of space, personal accounts of the moon landing and a forward look at our mission to Mars. And thank you so much for joining us this hour.
I'm Rosemary Church. I'll be back with another hour of news in just a moment. You're watching CNN, do stick around.