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Boeing`s CEO Testifies on Capitol Hill; Great White Shark Sightings Disappear in A Place That`s Famous For Them; A Giant Ball of Lint Makes History

Aired October 30, 2019 - 04:00:00   ET


CARL AZUZ, CNN 10 ANCHOR: From the CNN Center to viewers around the world, this is CNN 10 and I`m Carl Azuz. It`s great to have you watching this

Wednesday. It`s been a year and a day since a passenger jet crashed shortly after take-off in the island nation of Indonesia. The flight was

operated by Lion Air, a low cost airline, and the plane was built by Boeing, an American company. That`s part of the reason why Boeing`s CEO

Dennis Muilenburg appeared before the U.S. Congress on Tuesday on the anniversary of the Lion Air crash and it wasn`t the only one linked to

Boeing`s 737 Max plane. In March of this year, an Ethiopian Airlines flight crashed shortly after take-off in Ethiopia. It was the same model



DENNIS MUILENBURG: We can and must do better. We`ve been challenged and changed by these accidents. We`ve made mistakes and we got some things

wrong. We`re improving and we`re learning and we`re continuing to learn.


AZUZ: Both crashes killed everyone on board, 346 people in all and both crashes have been linked to a flawed computer system that repeatedly pushed

the planes noses down despite the pilots efforts to correct it. After the Lion Air crash last year, some pilots said they didn`t know the faulty

computer system existed on the plane and Boeing had apparently gotten permission from U.S. regulators to remove information about the system from

the 737 Max manual. That led some lawmakers to question the relationship between Boeing and the Federal Aviation Administration which oversees air

transportation in the United States. The 737 Max has been grounded around the world. It`s not allowed to fly. Boeing says it`s taking steps to fix

the model. That it hopes it will be allowed to fly again before the end of the year and that the crashes have taken a toll on its business.


IVAN WATSON, CNN SENIOR INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Investigators say they identified nine areas of flaws and mistakes that combined contributed

to the disaster of Lion Air Flight 610 which resulted in the deaths of 189 people off the coast of Indonesia. And that if any one of these factors

had not taken place, that perhaps this disaster could have been averted. The blame they say lies with everything from the manufacturer of the 737

Max 8 plane, that is Boeing with a design flaw and certification flaws in an autopilot feature with the Florida based manufacturer of one of the

sensors on the plane that was malfunctioning and then with the low budget Indonesian airline itself.

The crew on board before the final flight that they failed to communicate among each other about the malfunctions and in the final 11 minutes of the

plane as it flew when the captain was wrestling with his autopilot feature that was sending the plane into a dive and he was forced to manually

override it, dozens of times. When he handed off control of the plane to his first officer that that officer was not properly informed and quickly

lost control of the aircraft and it went into its final fatal dive. The head of the investigation spoke to CNN and described this as a new kind of

air disaster.

The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration has responded to the investigation saying quote, "we welcome the recommendations from this report and will

carefully consider these and all other recommendations as we continue our review of the proposed changes to the Boeing 737 Max." Now this new

classification of Boeing aircraft has been completely grounded because five months after the Lion Air disaster, an Ethiopian Airlines flight crashed as

well involving a Boeing 737 Max and also the same flawed, autopilot feature. Boeing has come out with a statement saying that it has corrected

the autopilot feature.

That it has created new fail safes to prevent it from going automatically into effect if it gets faulty information relayed to the airplanes computer

and that it has improved training manuals to ensure that pilots will know what to do in the future if this autopilot feature kicks in. Boeing says

it has faced losses of up to $5 billion U.S. dollars in relation to these two air disasters and it will be paying compensation of some $100 million

U.S. dollars to the families of the many victims. Ivan Watson, CNN, Hong Kong.


AZUZ: 10 Second Trivia. What do golden eagles, polar bears, great white sharks and killer whales have in common? Are they all mammals, endangered

species, apex predators or omnivores. All of these animals are apex predators meaning they`re at the top of the food chain.

And though great whites are considered a vulnerable but now endangered species, they appear to be vanishing from the areas around a popular

surfing beach in South Africa and in this case that`s not a good thing. There`s a lot of mystery surrounding great whites. They`re the world`s

largest predatory fish but scientists don`t know how many of them exist. They`re known to migrate long distances but scientists don`t know exactly

where they go. Researchers are concerned though by what they`re not seeing near Cape Town.


UNIDENTIFIED MALE: (Inaudible) the back of the boat.

DAVID MCKENZIE, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: We`ve come to dive with an apex predator.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Dyer (ph) Island is probably the world`s most famous location for seeing great white sharks.

MCKENZIE: And we see plenty of sharks.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It was (ph) incredible. Came right up to us and checked us out.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Oh, right there. Right there.

MCKENZIE: But no great whites. These sharks are scavengers not the iconic hunter that made this bay famous. After millions of years in 2019, the

great whites of Cape Town have vanished.

(CHRIS FELLOWS): For me, the loss of the great white sharks is losing part of my soul. You know, this is an animal that - - it shaped my life. It`s

given me some of the greatest highest of my life.

MCKENZIE: Chris Fellows (ph), the photographer who put these sharks on the map is forcing himself to speak in the past tense. The first time you saw

this, what was it like?

(CHRIS FELLOWS): It was unbelievable. I mean, everybody`s fascinated by great white sharks but flying great white sharks, to see this incredible

super predator taking to the air showing off its athletic prowess. It was fantastic.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: This past season we`ve haven`t seen a single shark.

MCKENZIE: On the cliffs above shark spotters used to take these sightings for granted. This year they`re recorded zero great whites, not a single

one. What if they don`t come back?

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Yes, we`re just going to have to wait.

MCKENZIE: Fishermen like Solomon Solomon (ph) say there are more seals now too competing for their catch. It seems the ecosystem is already feeling

the effects.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The impact of losing the (inaudible) for the marine environment is going to be huge.

MCKENZIE: Biologist Sara Angrioti (ph) says the zero sightings is alarming but not surprising. She predicted the collapse years ago. In 2012 by

studying genetics, she found that the population was smaller and more vulnerable than anyone imagined. What were your reaction to the population

of great whites in South Africa?

(SARA ANGRIOTI): Concern, mostly but also shock. We were expecting to find 1,000 or more individuals around here.

MCKENZIE: Over fishing, shark poaching and the weak gene pool have all contributed.

(ANGRIOTI): People don`t like to listen to sad story and it is difficult to realize that human could have such an impact on such a prehistorically,

iconic predators.

(FELLOWS): Unless we really pick up our efforts to conserve what we have left, South Africa`s once bountiful shores are becoming more and more empty

by the day.

MCKENZIE: If there`s any hope for the great whites to return, he says the focus should now be on what needs to be done not about what once was.

David McKenzie, CNN, False Bay, South Africa.


AZUZ: Friend of mine from college had this theory that the world was turning to lint starting with what`s in our dryers. I`m not saying this is

proof but it was collected from dryers across the country to form a 690 pound ball of lint. Why? Great question. A dryer repair company wanted

to set a new world record and to raise awareness about the importance of cleaning lint from our dryers because it`s flammable as setting it on fire

clearly showed.

You could say it sparked up like "flint". A fire from a "fiber", a flashing "glint of lint". What started a threads unraveled into shreds,

what started as a "yarn" was "wick quick to burn". Does it seem off kilter to take a dryer filter and then clean it just to "gleam" it for a

demonstration. It`s a strange "confligration" that "lights conversation" and concludes today`s "displays" on CNN 10. I`m Carl Azuz.