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Officials Investigate Plane Crash in Tehran; Exploring the Troubled History of U.S.-Iran Relations; European Cities Take Steps to Curb Overtourism
Aired January 10, 2020 - 04:00:00 ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
CARL AZUZ, CNN 10 ANCHOR: Hi, I`m Carl Azuz and Friday`s are awesome. First time I`ve said that on air this decade and though I`d think I`d be
hilarious to just, like, end the show there, we`ve got a lot to tell you about this Friday on CNN 10. Not to mention a school to shout out later
and it all starts with events taking place in the Middle East. Between Iran and the United States military attacks and revenge attacks have
dominated the headlines over the past couple weeks but there`s another event under investigation in Iran and abroad. A plane crashed in the
Iranian capital of Tehran on Wednesday. It was a Ukrainian passenger jet headed from Iran to Ukraine and it went down shortly after take off.
All 176 people on board were killed. At first, Iranian and Ukrainian officials suggested that technical problems caused the crash but yesterday
Ukrainian authorities said they were also considering terrorism and a missile strike as possible causes. And U.S. officials said it appeared
Iran shot down the plane with two surface to air missiles. Why? Several sources including U.S. President Donald Trump and Canadian Prime Minister
Justin Trudeau say Iran could have done this by mistake. The plane crash happened within hours of Iran`s missile attack against two military bases
where U.S. troops were staying.
If Iran thought a revenge attack was coming, it might have mistaken the Ukrainian passenger jet as a threat and shot it down. To be clear, that`s
just one theory that observers have. Formal investigations are taking place and Iran denies shooting down the plane. It says the accusations are
part of physiological warfare against Iran. Meanwhile, tensions remain high in the Middle East between that country and America but historically
speaking that`s nothing new.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: There`s little love lost between Iran and the United States.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Well it is now Washington`s move on if Iran - -
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Relations between the two countries have been troubled for more than half a century but where did the conflict start. To
understand that we need to go back to the 1950s` and this man, Mohammad Mosaddegh. Mosaddegh became prime minister in 1951 was key in
nationalizing the country`s British controlled oil fields.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The British experts were granted a concession - -
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: As a result, the British enlisted the U.S. to get rid of him. In 1953 the CIA and MI6 backed a coup ousting Mosaddegh restoring
instead Iran`s monarch the Shah. But the Shah became unpopular at home for his lavish spending, ostentatious lifestyle and the torture of dissidents.
That all changed in 1979. The Islamic revolution ushered in change forcing the Shah to flee the country. The high ranking Shia (ph) religious leader
Ayatollah Khomeini returned from exile in February to become Iran`s supreme leader.
Later that year amid death to America chants, Iranian students stormed the U.S. embassy in Tehran taking 90 people hostage including 66 Americans.
Ultimately all the hostages were released in a siege lasting 444 days but the damage was done. The U.S. designated Iran a state sponsor of terrorism
three years later. In the 1980s`, Iran and Iraq became embroiled in a war. The U.S. was officially neutral but in a bid to contain Iran started
backing Iraq and its leader Saddam Hussein. The move put the U.S. and Iran even further at odds.
The tension ratched up toward the end of the Iran-Iraq war. In 1988, the U.S. shot down an Iranian passenger plane over Iranian territorial waters
when it mistakenly identified it as a fighter jet. It killed all 290 people on board. When Iraq invaded Kuwait in 1990, the U.S. and Iran
suddenly shared Saddam Hussein as a common enemy although it did little to improve relations. U.S. sanctions against Iran accelerated under the
Clinton Administration. In 2002 a year before the start of the Iraq War, President Bush included Iran in what he called the axis of evil.
PRESIDENT GEORGE W. BUSH: States like these and their terrorist allies constitute an axis of evil.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Due to concerns Iran was trying to develop nuclear weapons to threaten the U.S.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: 10 Second Trivia. What alpine nation would you find the village of Hallstatt which is said to resemble Arendelle from Frozen? Italy, Austria,
Norway or Belgium. Only two of these countries are alpine and only Austria is home to Hallstatt.
It started with the work of writers and artists in the 1800s`. They were struck by the snow capped mountains and crystal waters that frame
Hallstatt. It was added to UNESCO`s World Heritage List in 1997. Instagram came along later and people started sharing scenes of the village
on social media and then after Frozen, well let`s put it this way. Hallstatt has a population of 780 people. In a given day, it`s reportedly
visited as many as 10,000 people. This has created a blessing and a problem for the Austrian village. On one hand tourism dollars have become
a crucial part of Hallstatt`s economy. On the other, it`s been struggling with over tourism which has brought challenges for the small population and
Officials there are trying to implement a new bus system that will limit the number of busses and guests allowed in Hallstatt at any particular
time. Other places in Europe are also trying to limit overcrowding caused by over tourism. In Venice, Italy new hotels are banned and day trippers
are being charged to get inside the city. In Amsterdam, Netherlands there will be higher taxes for people who stay overnight and new limits on tours.
Taxes are also going up for visitors to Barcelona, Spain and efforts are underway there to encourage people to visit places outside of the city.
And there`s a new limit on the number of cruise ships allowed to dock in Dubrovnik, Croatia as well as a limit on new restaurants. While all this
is going on, part of the U.S. state of California is grappling with the question of whether the private ownership of a particular beach means the
public is not allowed.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
(END VIDEO CLIP)
AZUZ: If you`ve ever thought what would a cuddle fish do if you glued 3D glasses on it and then played 3D movies of its favorite prey, you were
thinking like researchers at the University of Minnesota. They used temporary glue and Velcro to study cuddle fish vision and the animals went
after the screen like critics go after popcorn. Researchers say cuddle fish have better depth perception than people do. The work was published
in the journal Science Advances. Now you might be asking "aquat" were they thinking.
Of course fish have better depth perception. You don`t need to dive deep into research to see that fish in water see better than fish out of water.
And some might say it`s a new dimension of science that`s making waves but to others and the cuddle fish themselves, it`s just "seafood". I`m Carl
Azuz. This show goes out to Gull Lake High School in Richland, Michigan. Great hearing from you guys yesterday on our You Tube site. If you`re
watching from a school and you`re jealous of Gull Lake, click this link to get to our official You Tube page. Subscribe and comment on the latest
show and your school, city and state could be announced Monday on CNN 10. Have a great weekend ya`ll.