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Role of the U.S. Chief Justice; A Treaty Concerning an Historic Shipwreck; Potential of a New Protein Powder As a Food Source

Aired January 22, 2020 - 04:00:00   ET

THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.


CARL AZUZ, CNN 10 ANCHOR: A treaty, a trial and a treat made from thin air are today`s topics on CNN 10. So glad you could join us this Wednesday.

My name is Carl Azuz. With the impeachment trial of U.S. President Donald Trump going on right now in the Senate, we`re taking a look at the role of

the person who`s presiding over that trial Chief Justice John Roberts. His official title is Chief Justice of the United States. He`s the highest

ranking judge in America and though his main job is leading the Supreme Court, he`s got a new responsibility in the Senate`s impeachment trial of

presiding over that as well. It`s required by the U.S. Constitution.

In fact, the only time the phrase Chief Justice appears in America`s governing document is when it describes his role in the Senate`s

impeachment trials of presidents. Chief Justice Roberts power in that trial is limited. Any rulings he makes could be voted down and overwritten

by Senators and while it`s unknown exactly how much of a role he`ll play in the trial something he said during his confirmation hearing in 2005 could

give us a clue. He compared judges to umpires saying they don`t make the rules, they apply them.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

CHIEF JUSTICE JOHN ROBERTS: You will remember that it`s my job to call balls and strikes and not to pitch or bat.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

AZUZ: Yesterday he walked across the street from the U.S. Supreme Court to the U.S. Senate to take on his new and somewhat different responsibility.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: In this class photo of the men and women in black, one justice sits smiling front and center. But Chief Justice John Roberts

will soon leave his natural habitat at the sedate Supreme Court and move to the political minefield of the Senate as he presides over the trial of the

president.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: When he`s over at the Supreme Court overseeing that body, he`s actually a judge. He is - - he`s casting votes. He`s deciding

cases. When he is at the Senate, he`s not casting a vote for or against Donald Trump. He`s presiding over a trial.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The Constitution itself is vague on his job description saying only this. The Chief Justice shall preside.

CHIEF JUSTICE JOHN ROBERTS: I am now ready to take the oath.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: His one time mentor Chief Justice William Rehnquist took a hands off approach to the job when he sat on the days throughout

Bill Clinton`s impeachment.

CHIEF JUSTICE WILLIAM REHNQUIST: The Senate will convene as a court of impeachment.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Two decades later, Mitch McConnell makes it clear he`d like Roberts to stick to the same script.

MITCH MCCONNELL, SENATE MAJORITY LEADER: I would anticipate the Chief Justice would not actually make any rulings. He would simply submit

motions to the body and we would vote.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: That`s probably just fine with Roberts.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: John Roberts is naturally reserved. John Roberts is very much concerned about appearances and the judiciary looking impartial.

I cannot imagine John Roberts having any incentive to intervene in the business of the Senate in a way that would look like he was actually

controlling the fate of Donald Trump.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

AZUZ: 10 Second Trivia. Which of these ships sank in April of 1912? RMS Titanic, SS Eastland, RMS Lusitania, or Endurance. All of these ships sank

in 1915 except the Titanic which was lost on April 15th, 1912.

A British government minister says the wreck of the Titanic is the most documented maritime tragedy in history. On the night of April 14th when

the so called unsinkable ship hit the iceberg that caused it to sink, Titanic was on its maiden voyage from the United Kingdom to the United

States. Now those two countries have ratified a treaty that`s intended to protect the ship`s remains. The law gives Britain and America the power to

grant or deny licenses for explorers to send submersibles inside the wreckage and to remove any artifacts they find outside of it. British

officials say this will ensure the Titanic is treated with the sensitivity and the respect it deserves but that wreck as it sits now won`t stay that

way forever. Images from a recent dive there show the ship is sinking deeper into the ocean floor and being corroded by bacteria there.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Our first impression is it`s big. It is a big wreck. I wasn`t fully ready for just how large it was.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The future of the wreck is going to continue to deteriorate over time. It`s a natural process. The - - these are natural

types of bacteria.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

AZUZ: A type of protein powder being produced by a company in Finland is making headlines. It`s said to save space, save the environment and

potentially feed masses of people but there are a number of concerns about it. For one thing, it`s grown in a laboratory. It takes heavy machinery

to produce it and building those machines with concrete and steel can have a negative environmental impact. The protein powder hasn`t been approved

yet for human consumption and critics say it can`t produce enough food to feed enough people at a good enough price. But that`s not stopping Solar

Foods from moving forward.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It`s not often that scientists gather around multi- million dollar machinery to eat pancakes but today is that day.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We`re doing that just for fun every now and then.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The team however isn`t just in it for the fun. They say they`re making an entirely new ingredient out of thin air using this

and it could revolutionize how food is made. Whether it`s the crops (ph) that grow from it or the cattle that live on it, the ground is crucial

creating what we eat but agriculture is one of the world`s largest sources of green house gases. That`s why in Helsinki, the company is trying to

remove land from the equation.

Pasi Vainikka is the CEO of Solar Foods. A start up that says it`s developing a new natural source of protein called solein. Like other

protein supplements it has no discernible taste and can be added to almost any snack or meal. But unlike competitors, Vainikka says solein`s

production process has almost no carbon footprint.

PASI VAINIKKA, CEO OF SOLAR FOODS: We don`t use plants and animals so we are brining a new kind of harvest that is produced through fermentation.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The process starts here with a direct air capture system that`s designed to harness carbon dioxide. Regular air is pulled

from this vent into one of eight drums which are then heated to release water and CO2. Simultaneously this electrolyzer produces hydrogen by using

electricity to split water but Solar Foods says this is where the magic happens.

VAINIKKA: It`s just the main step. Technically (inaudible) and fermentation tank.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Here gases are mixed with microbes along with a few other elements continuously.

VAINIKKA: So it`s a bit like a tread mill (ph) basically it (inaudible) running but they are not actually getting anywhere.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Even though this 200 liter tank looks complicated, most of these valves and pipes are just there to measure and monitor the

machine.

VAINIKKA: Quite a lot of complexity (inaudible) civilization. So we have to be sure that what we are growing is just the organism but we want to

grow.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: This drum dryer is the last piece of the puzzle. Liquid gets heated to about 140 degrees Celsius leaving just this powder

behind.

VAINIKKA: When we disconnect the food production from agriculture which means land use and - - and the climate and weather, it means that we can go

to produce food everywhere. We can go to the desert or to the arctic or even into space.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Solar Food is currently working with the European Space Agency on a way from astronauts to use solein while in orbit but

before leaving this planet the team plans on making 50 million meals by 2021. But until then, you might just occasionally find them perfecting

their pancakes.

VAINIKKA: At least we like them and let`s see if - - if the first product on the shelf will be pancake.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

AZUZ: Last weekend, Newfoundland, Canada got more snowfall than at any other time in its recorded history. It was over people`s heads in some

places. That`s why Lola Parsons (ph) was confused at first about why her car wasn`t buried then she looked inside it. Parsons (ph) had left a

window open and the snow blew into her car instead of around it. There was so much she couldn`t get inside. The good natured Canadian just laughed it

off and while we don`t know the car brand. We`re guessing it was a Ford "Feiceta", a "ChillLincoln", a Lotus "Elice", a "GetOutA Dodge", a

"McFrozen P1", a Nissan "Maximice", an Oldsmobile "Aurora Borealis", a Toyota "Priice", A Bugotti "Gellato", a Porshe "Iceboxter", a Hugo

"Somewhere Warmer" anything by Polaris or an Alpine. All right, today`s show started in Washington, D.C., we`re ending in Washington State with a

royal recognition of Linwood High School. Thank you guys for watching from Linwood and for commenting on our You Tube channel at YouTube.com/CNN10.

I`m Carl Azuz.

END