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Primary Results from New Hampshire; The Fight Against Rhino Poachers; Growing Popularity of Mushrooms; Strange Radio Signals

Aired February 13, 2020 - 04:00:00   ET

THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.


CARL AZUZ, CNN 10 ANCHOR: The results from New Hampshire are in and they`re our first topic today on CNN 10. I`m Carl Azuz wherever in the

world you`re watching, thank you. Here`s what happened on Tuesday night in the Granite State. Senator Bernie Sanders came out on top in the Democratic

primary. The lawmaker from Vermont received 25.8 percent of the vote followed by Pete Buttigieg, a former mayor of South Bend, Indiana who got

24.5 percent. Senator Amy Klobuchar who represents Minnesota came in third with 19.8 percent. Senator Elizabeth Warren of Massachusetts and former

Vice-President Joe Biden rounded out the top five though they didn`t win any pledged delegates.

And that`s really the name of the game here. Whoever wins a majority of delegates through these state primaries and caucuses is likely to become a

party`s nominee for president. So far Senator Sanders and former Mayor Buttigieg lead in the Democratic delegate count but the Iowa caucuses and

New Hampshire primaries are only the first two contests. There`s still a long way to go. After the results from New Hampshire came in, a few

Democrats left the race. Senator Michael Bennet of Colorado, businessman Andrew Yang and former Massachusetts Governor Duval Patrick all suspended

their campaigns. They just weren`t getting the votes they needed to stay in.

So now there are eight Democrats still in the race and the next contest for them will be a caucus on February 22nd in Nevada. On the other side of the

political aisle, there`s one candidate former Massachusetts Governor Bill Weld who`s challenging incumbent President Donald Trump for the Republican

nomination. Former U.S. Representative Joe Walsh of Illinois suspended his campaign after the Iowa caucuses last week. But in New Hampshire like in

Iowa, President Trump easily won getting around 85.8 percent of the vote there. The next contest for Republicans take place in several states on

Super Tuesday, March 3rd.

10 Second Trivia. Which of these African countries has the most official languages? South Africa, Egypt, Libya or Nigeria. With 11 official

languages including Zulu, Afrikaans and English, South Africa has the most on this list.

According to the World Wildlife Fund, the conservation group, South Africa is one of the four main countries in Africa where you can still find

rhinoceros. All but one species of these animals are endangered. Thousands of them have been poached, illegally hunted because their horns

are used in traditional Asian medicine. Even the sanctuaries that are designed to protect and preserve rhinos are under threat but they have a

new weapon in the fight against poaching and believe it or not it`s a type of market.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I first saw a rhino when I was probably six-seven year olds in the Kruger National Park and then I knew I wanted to protect

rhinos. To be leading the project that protects so many rhinos and you`re so successful in doing that. You know it`s an absolute privilege

(inaudible).

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We are building a smart park based on technology that enables our rhinos (ph) to be able to secure the area. We saw (inaudible)

tourists even realizing what is happening. The post code (ph) meerkat was a (inaudible). If it is a specific time, there are people in the park who

have not used the gate our system will be able to pick those up.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It`s difficult to find a person after (inaudible). It`s like finding a needle in a stack of needles and then getting to him

and fetching him and people think well that`s easy. It`s not easy. What the meerkat has effectively done since its - - its first deployment into

these parts of Kruger has - - has decreased poaching by 95 percent. Everyday that meerkat is working we are saving rhinos.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Technology makes things possible but people makes things happen. It replace people but it can make it much easier for the

people to do their job. It`s also exciting to start using technology in a useful way because often we feel that we do technology for the sake of

technology but now we actually doing technology for the sake of saving a - - a species.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: You need to be able to sense and you need to make sense of what you`re sensing and the third thing is you need to be able to

respond to that. There systems all need to talk to each other. The boundary detection system alerts the meerkat. The meerkat alerts the

rangers and alerts the helicopter, the reaction crew. It`s the (inaudible) able to transfer the acquisition of the poachers over to the aircraft.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: People come from all over the world to come and see the wildlife in Africa. If we`re not able to conserve that, than that means

people will not come here. The keystone species such as the rhino will be (inaudible) for (inaudible) appreciate as well. Maybe the next generation

that follows them.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We enter a new era of conservation with various forms of technology enable us to secure big areas and are (inaudible) better to

what we need to do.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

AZUZ: Avocados, kale and now mushrooms, the fungi are increasing in demand, price and production. In fact, the American Mushroom Institute

says the U.S. is producing more mushrooms per month than it ever has before. The industry trade group credit`s the increasing popularity of

plant based diets for the "mushrooming" changes but they`re not just for salads. Mushrooms can be used to make everything from furniture to

clothing to shipping materials. Mycelium foam like what`s made by a company called Ecovative isn`t always the most cost effective option for

shipping. But it is changing the way some people think about mushrooms.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Since the 1950s, humans have produced over 9 billions tons of plastic. Most of that is ending up in landfills and could take

centuries to decompose. A miracle material found in nature could be the key to reducing plastic waste. It`s called mycelium and it comes from

mushrooms.

EBEN BAYER, CEO OF ECOVATIVE: Mycelium is like the root structure of a mushroom. You`re used to seeing a mushroom above ground, mycelium is like

the roots beneath it. But no one that ever tried to use them to make materials.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Eben Bayer is the CEO of Ecovative. A company that has developed a way to grow mycelium into specific shapes and sizes. They

start by taking organic plant waste and mixing it with mycelium cells which act as a sort of natural glue.

BAYER: The mycelium grows through and around those particles and it binds them together and you`ve got a grown product.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Ecovative mycelium products provide a natural alternative to packaging materials made out of plastic and Styrofoam.

BAYER: At the end of its useful life you can actually break it up and you can put it in your own garden. So it`s - - it`s a nutrient not a

pollutant.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Ecovative wants to take mycelium to the next level.

BAYER: Our current technical focus is evolving the next generation of mycelium materials from self-scaffolding, to leather like materials, even

knee replacements.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: AKA, mycelium bacon which is still in its testing phases. The company thinks mycelium can also play a major role in

construction and even in regenative medicine.

BAYER: It really has boundless possibilities and it comes from its ability to move from the micro scale to the macro scale.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

AZUZ: Time to turn up the radio to CNN 10 because scientists say they`ve detected some mysterious radio signals from outer space. Radio signals are

nothing new but what was picked up by a radio telescope in western Canada is a pattern of these signals that repeats every 16 days. Scientists don`t

know why. They think it`s coming from a galaxy that`s about 500 million light years away. So like outside our neighborhood and it could be coming

from a star.

Well of course, all radio hits come from stars. It`s really not transforming information. You just need to have the capacitor to keep your

antennas out and tune into whatever`s dialed up and amplified across the universe and you`ll "knobt" be disappointed in what`s "speak ring" to your

earphones. Radio puns. They`re "eartransistable" ya`ll. I`m Carl Azuz. Timberland High School is listening today. Shout out to our viewers in St.

Stephen, South Carolina. Though I don`t personally pick the schools we mention. On Friday, I`ll be giving a tip on how they`re chosen to

subscribers of our official You Tube channel. That`s all for CNN.

END