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CNN NEWSROOM

Fauci: We Need To Hit The Reset Button; Southern U.S. States Account For 25 Percent Of The World's COVID Cases; US And China's Diplomatic And Economic Storm; Mexico's Women Face Onslaught Of Domestic Violence; Trump Replaces Campaign Manager amid Low Poll Numbers; OPEC and Allies Begin Easing Oil Cuts; Twitter Blames Coordinated Attack for Hack of Biden, Obama, Gates, Musk, Bezos; Vaccine Trial Expanding after Promising Results; Baby Infected with Coronavirus in Womb; The Mask Economy. Aired 1-2a ET

Aired July 16, 2020 - 01:00   ET

THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.


[01:00:00]

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

JOHN VAUSE, CNN ANCHOR: Hello, welcome to our viewers joining us from around the world. Good to have you with us.

I'm John Vause. And coming up this hour on CNN NEWSROOM.

As cases surge Dr. Anthony Fauci warns the U.S. needs to hit the reset button. This comes as the top health expert fights back against the White House.

Plus fall out over President Trump's hard line on China. Officials in the region calling his threat pathetic.

And I'll speak with a volunteer of the promising Moderna vaccine trial who signed up despite not knowing the risks or possible long-term side effects.

The coronavirus pandemic now appears to be a public health crisis spinning out of control across the United States.

New infections are rising in at least 38 states. The death toll is closing in on 140,000.

Texas has set new records for the daily death toll as well as new infections.

And even though Florida has recorded more than 300,000 cases, more than most other countries, Disney still plans to reopen two more theme parks.

And after refusing for months to make face masks mandatory in public, 36 state governors have now done just that.

And noteworthy, the world's biggest retailer, Walmart, has done the same. Meanwhile, a study from the U.K. finds fewer people treated in ICUs

are dying from the coronavirus. Researchers say that number has fallen from 60 percent a the start of the pandemic to 42 percent at the end of May.

Now hospitals in a number of U.S. states are reaching capacity with COVID-19 patients.

And the Trump Administration at the same time continues to push for schools to reopen.

We have more now on all of this from CNN's Nick Watt.

NICK WATT, CNN CORRESPONDENT: More theme parks opened up today in Florida just as the state passed 300,000 cases, and ICUs are already full in 54 Florida hospitals.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

CARLOS MIGOYA, PRESIDENT & CEO, JACKSON HEALTH SYSTEM: The biggest issue is that we have a lot of aggressive non-compliant people.

A lot of the young people are saying, "So what if I get it? If I get it, it doesn't mean anything."

(END VIDEO CLIP)

WATT: More Americans are being infected with this virus now, six months in, than ever before. Why?

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

DR. ANTHONY FAUCI, DIRECTOR, NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ALLERGY AND INFECTIOUS DISEASES: As we try to open up, pictures and photos and films of people at bars with no masks, congregating in crowds, the inevitable happened.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

DR. PETER HOTEZ, BAYLOR COLLEGE OF MEDICINE: Right now the southern U.S. accounts for about a quarter of the world's cases of COVID-19.

Think about that. Just the southern half of the U.S.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

WATT: Nineteen states are now, now, seeing their highest average daily case counts ever.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

FAUCI: We've got to almost reset this and say OK, let's stop this nonsense and figure out how we can get our control over this now.

And by pushing the reset button I don't mean everybody locking down again.

Maybe we need to walk back a bit, and say, if you're going to open, we've got to get everybody on the same team.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

WATT: According to one well watched model, nearly another 90,000 Americans could die before November 1st.

But if there was a nation wide mask mandate?

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

DR. CHRIS MURRAY, CHAIR & PROFESSOR, INSTITUTE FOR HEALTH METRICS & EVALUATION, UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON: It can save more than 40,000 lives in the U.S. between now and November 1st.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

WATT: Today, deep red Alabama will make masks mandatory.

GOV. KAY IVEY (R-ALA): I always prefer personal responsibility over a government mandate. And yet I also know with all my heart that the numbers are definitely trending in the wrong direction.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

WATT: Oklahoma's governor also just made a surprising announcement.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

GOV. KEVIN STITT, (R-OKLA): I got tested yesterday for COVID-19 and the results came back positive. So I feel fine.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

WATT: So now will he mandate masks?

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

STITT: Not thinking about a mask mandate at all. We've got different -- across the state of Oklahoma you've got different communities with different needs.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

DONALD TRUMP, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: We're glad to be joined as well by Governor Kevin Stitt.

(Applause)

(END VIDEO CLIP)

WATT: In Tulsa, where the president held that masks-optional rally, where case counts have way more than doubled ever since, they're still figuring out what to do with schools.

But:

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I can tell you for sure there will be masks in our schools.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

[01:05:00]

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

DR. COLLEEN KRAFT, ASSOCIATE CHIEF MEDICAL OFFICER, EMORY UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL: Schools are going to be hotspots. Kids are a vector for viruses.

If you remember pandemic H1N1 in 2009, as soon as schools reopened, there was a huge spike.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

WATT: D.C. and Philly both announcing today hybrid school years. Some in-person, some online.

In Arizona, NFL-style misters are now deployed in one district to disinfect. Kids will be back in these classrooms in a little over two weeks.

Now this is a testing site at Dodgers Stadium booked solid all day.

And in California now if you are asymptomatic but really feel that you might be currently infected, you can't get a test right now.

They are trying to dampen the demand for tests so they can get the turnaround time between test and result to within 48 hours.

And until they do, if you're asymptomatic but think you might have it, you cannot get a test in the state of California.

Nick Watt. CNN, Los Angeles.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

VAUSE: Dr. Annie Compton-Phillips is the chief clinical officer at Providence Health System and a senior medical analyst. And she is with us from Seattle in the State of Washington.

Dr. Compton-Phillips, thank you for being with us.

DR. ANNIE COMPTON-PHILLIPS, CHIEF CLINICAL OFFICER, PROVIDENCE HEALTH SYSTEMS, CNN MEDICAL ANALYST: Thank you so much for having me.

VAUSE: I want to go through some of the latest numbers of COVID-19 and younger patients. And as of last month, 19 to 49-year-olds made up 40 percent of

patients in hospital compared to 26 percent in March.

In Harris County in Texas, that's where the city of Houston is located, 20 to 39-year olds account for 43 percent of recent cases.

And then in Florida, the median age of new cases is in the mid to late 30s. Back in March, it was 65 years old.

Now most survived. But that means that they're staying in the ICU and on ventilators longer. And in all likelihood, they're spreading the virus to their older relatives and friends.

So if hospitals are struggling right now, what happens when the numbers surge again among those older patients?

COMPTON-PHILLIPS: Well, obviously the death rate is much higher if somebody gets it when they're older. And so the death rate could easily go back up again.

So it's positive that people are living more right now but it really might be a simple reflection of the fact that younger people are getting it rather than older people getting like we initially saw with the infections getting loose into nursing homes.

VAUSE: It seems like that early guidance that came of the China or the early assessment that young people weren't affected, that was -- it was true at the time, it seems it was an anomaly now.

But that seems to have done a lot to give this impression to young people who already think they are indestructible, that they're indestructible to this virus.

COMPTON-PHILLIPS: You're 100 percent right. They think they're invincible. As well, as there's also this theory going around that -- "let's get it and get it over with."

And so kids in college, for example, are having COVID parties where they intentionally try to get infected. Thinking that they can put it behind them. And when they go back and visit their parents and grandparents, they won't be infectious.

But right now, we don't even know if that's true.

If you get it, we don't even -- aren't positive that you won't be able to get it again.

And, if you get it, you might not have any symptoms and so you might not realize you have it and then transmit it unwittingly to others.

And so it's just a bad plan to go out and intentionally get it.

VAUSE: Yes. Very bad plan.

COMPTON-PHILLIPS: Don't do that. VAUSE: Good advice there. Also good advice, wear a mask.

Finally, conservative state governors are seeing the advantages of face masks.

Listen to the governor of Alabama. Here she is.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

IVEY: Now I always prefer personal responsibility over a government mandate.

And yet I also know, with all my heart, that the numbers and the data over the past few weeks are definitely trending in the wrong direction.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

VAUSE: Better late than ever, I guess, but we've squandered all the benefits from the lockdowns and the shelter in place orders.

And so, again, with that in mind, quickly.

Here's Dr. Anthony Fauci.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

FAUCI: I believe we almost need to push the reset button.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

VAUSE: In other words, what he's saying is go back to where we were back in -- what, in April.

I'm just wondering. If everyone went out and wore a face mask tomorrow, could we avoid a lockdown, could we avoid a do-over?

COMPTON-PHILLIPS: I think there's real hope about avoiding a do-over. But it really does take everybody wearing that mask.

Because it so dramatically decreases the risk of transmission, the R- naught -- or the number of people that any single infected person can pass the germ onto -- would go below one.

And that's what it takes to stamp out the epidemic. It takes that reproduction number getting to significantly less than one.

So that we can stop the chain, we can stop the person to person to person spread. And right now, we're not stopping it.

In fact, it's over one, which is why this is growing.

VAUSE: And obviously there's still this issue with the vaccine. It's still a long way off.

We have phase one of the human trials, of the Moderna vaccine. That's done. It looks safe, it looks promising.

[01:10:00]

I just want to know though. These are human trials and not human challenge trials?

Volunteers right now are being injected with the vaccine candidate, not the coronavirus. That would be a human challenge trial.

Now the group "1Day Sooner" claims to have signed up more than 30,000 volunteers to be injected with the coronavirus as part of this.

And if that happened, a lot of people say the development of the vaccine will take a lot less time than it already is.

And that's what this country needs right now because of the dire predicament.

COMPTON-PHILLIPS: Right now we have so many people being exposed to coronavirus, we might not have to resort to something that is a little more ethnically challenging, like a human challenge trial.

Since we don't know the long-term repercussions of COVID, it's really hard to give somebody effective informed consent to say these are all the potential things that could go wrong if we inject you with coronavirus. Right

So we might have people willing to do it but are we, as clinicians, willing to inject somebody with something that we don't know 100 percent the effects of? Right.

So when we have a very high rate of spread it's bad for everybody, except it's good for a vaccine developer. Because you can rapidly see whether or not the spread can be interrupted by the vaccine itself.

And so it is the one bright side, I would say, of the fact that we have an uncontrolled pandemic in the States.

VAUSE: You've got look for the positive, I guess. Here's some -- we'll finish up on some positive news as well.

This came from the file of "Why Did It Take A Global Health Crisis Of Biblical Proportions For This To Happen?"

But we have news that one million people in the U.K. have quit smoking during this pandemic.

Now in the past many who have quit smoking have started again.

But would you expect maybe there would be a better rate of success this time because of the fears of COVID-19?

COMPTON-PHILLIPS: Well, I'll take any good news I can get these days. So.

VAUSE: Yes. COMPTON-PHILLIPS: That people are worried about their lungs and that smokers may have a higher risk of having a worse infection in the lungs or worse pneumonia from COVID.

That, if that gets people to stop smoking, let's take it and put that in the "Win" column.

VAUSE: Absolutely. Take it, put it in the middle seat that's no longer being occupied on an airline and fewer people are smoking.

There's a couple of positive things we're looking at.

Dr. Amy Compton-Phillips, thanks so much.

COMPTON-PHILLIPS: Thank you so much.

VAUSE:. The U.S. state department is stepping up pressure on Chinese tech companies, especially Huawei.

Now according to the senior top diplomat for the United States the tide is turning against the tech company and that telecom companies around the world should consider themselves on notice.

If they're doing business with Huawei, Mike Pompeo says they're human rights abuses.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

MIKE POMPEO, U.S. SECRETARY OF STATE: The state department will impose visa restrictions on certain employees of the Chinese -- of Chinese technology companies like Huawei that provide material support to regimes engaging in human rights violations and abuses globally.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

VAUSE: It's not exactly clear how many employees would be affected by this, how it would all work.

But it all comes a day after the U.K. announced it's banning Huawei from its 5G networks.

Earlier, the chief security officer for Huawei USA told CNN's Richard Quest he wants the U.S. and China to fix the tensions behind the crackdown against the company.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

ANDY PURDY, CHIEF SECURITY OFFICER, HUAWEI USA: I certainly don't think there should be any escalation, I don't think there be any retaliation by the China government.

I think escalation in these situations is a huge mistake.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

VAUSE: And after the Trump Administration scrapped a trade deal which gave special status to Hong Kong, Beijing summoned the U.S. ambassador -- the diplomatic equivalent of being sent to the headmaster's office.

And Communist Government officials in Hong Kong now accusing the U.S. of gangster logic and bullying behavior.

Let's go to Hong Kong now. CNN's Kristie Lu Stout standing by.

So we're back to the gangster logic and bullying behavior. They're ramping up the rhetoric these days.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

KRISTIE LU STOUT, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Yes. The war of words is flaring up yet again between the U.S. and China after U.S. President Donald Trump signed that executive order ending Hong Kong's special trading status.

As well as signing Hong Kong's Autonomy Act into law which slaps on corporations or individuals deemed responsible for eroding Hong Kong's autonomy.

We know that China's foreign ministry has summoned the U.S. ambassador over the matter. We've heard and read a strong statement from the Hong Kong government expressing its strong opposition to Trump's moves.

Also, we heard from that statement from -- as you mentioned -- China's top office here in Hong Kong, the liaison office, accusing the United States of gangster logic and bullying.

And on top of all that, listen to this.

Additional, almost poetic pushback from the spokeswoman of China's ministry of foreign affairs, Hua Chunying.

Listen to this.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

HUA CHUNYING, SPOKESWOMAN, CHINESE MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS (through translator): The United States should think carefully about its policies. When speaking about sanctions, China is not afraid.

If the United States wants to stir up trouble, then let the storm rage with greater force.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

STOUT: The diplomatic storm is raging, the economic storm as well.

[01:15:00]

Trump's actions by ending Hong Kong's special trade status will hurt Hong Kong, China, and even the U.S. itself.

By ending the special trade status, it allows the U.S. to treat Hong Kong the same as Mainland China in regards to commerce and trade. It jeopardizes tens of billions of dollars of trade between Hong Kong and the United States.

Last year, the U.S. posted a trade surplus with Hong Kong worth some $26.1 billion. It stands to lose that.

Also it causes so much uncertainty for the 1,300 American companies who are operating here out of the territory and it tarnishes Hong Kong's image and standing as an international financial hub. John.

VAUSE: Well, it may help China moving forward. But right now, China says they're doing pretty good with the economy.

Their latest GDP numbers are out, and it shows a rebound.

Look, tell us what the numbers are -- but first, can they believed? Because China, they've got a bit of a reputation goosing the numbers?

STOUT: This is according to Chinese government statistics, yes.

So according to the latest Chinese government statistics GDP data for the second quarter is out.

And it says China's economy has grown an impressive 3.2 percent in the second quarter. That's April to June.

It follows that really brutal contraction that it posted earlier this year in the first quarter where the economy contracted for the first time since 1976 of 6.8 percent.

But that was also when China was going through its peak COVID-19 crisis.

Economists say that this turnaround is due to multiple reasons. An uptick in domestic spending, strong industrial production. Chinese government stimulus programs as well.

But there are many headwinds, a lot of challenges ahead.

You've got the ongoing coronavirus pandemic, there could be more flare-ups across Mainland China. You have the global economic slowdown so China's export sector could be hit.

And of course, tensions between U.S. and China. The trade war, the tech war. That is going to hurt China's access to investment, as well as its high-tech sector. John.

VAUSE: Yes. Just wonder who is going to buy those exports from China with everyone else in recession and still struggling with this pandemic.

But Kristie, good point. Thank you. Kristie Lu Stout there, in Hong Kong.

Still to come on CNN NEWSROOM. Brazil's president testing positive for the coronavirus -- yes, for a second time. As his country scrambles to get this pandemic under control.

Also Hong Kong facing a resurgence of coronavirus cases -- well, sort of. Nineteen.

Health experts say easing restrictions could be to blame.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

VAUSE: Brazil's president, Jair Bolsonaro, has again tested positive for COVID-19.

Telling reporters he's actually doing well and has been taking the anti-malaria drug hydroxychloroquine. Even though a number of studies have warned of adverse side effects.

President Bolsonaro has downplayed this virus for months yet Brazil's death rate now tops 75,000 as the number of infections (inaudible) on two million.

Here's more now from CNN's Bill Weir.

[01:20:00]

BILL WEIR, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Here in Brazil, the most famous COVID- 19 patient in all of the land, President Jair Bolsonaro confirmed that he tested positive for COVID-19 for a second time in as many weeks.

He remains in semi-isolation here at the presidential palace where he says quarantine is no horrible and he has no symptoms. He was itching to get back out and back to work.

But meanwhile, the numbers in his country are now hovering around two million confirmed cases, 75,000 lives lost.

Now this is a man who said famously that he'd rather his sons die in a car crash than come out as gay. He said the former military dictators of this country did not go far enough in murdering their dissidents.

So he already has a pretty fierce opposition.

The question is where his pandemic management will erode his base. About 30, 35 percent of the country.

There have been 51 separate requests, formal requests, to Brazil's congress for his impeachment. But the politicians there say the last thing they need in the middle of a pandemic is more divisive politics.

Bill Weir. CNN, Brasilia.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

VAUSE: It's been almost four months since Mexico imposed stay-at-home measures to contain the coronavirus.

And during that time, the country has seen a disturbing rise in domestic violence, hundreds of women facing abuse.

And despite their call for help, the government has mostly ignored this crisis.

CNN's Matt Rivers has our report.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

MATT RIVERS, CNN CORRESPONDENT: On March 8th, Mexico's women showed up, hundreds of thousands. And Mexico City said enough of the discrimination, enough of the violence against women.

In a country where the government says two-thirds of women have experienced violence, changing that is a uphill climb. And that was before the pandemic.

Mexico shut down most of its economy on March 23rd and urged people to stay indoors. Activists say that spurred an onslaught of domestic violence.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

"The lockdown triggered violence in so many ways," she says. "People can't work, there's alcoholism, overcrowding. It's a lot."

(END VIDEO CLIP)

RIVERS: And it's not hard to find individual stories.

This woman, who spoke to us anonymously for safety reasons, said that her daughter is living with her partner who is abusing her.

She tells me she feels trapped, she feels like a puppet. The quarantine has only made it worse.

Another woman who we're not identifying for her own protection but we'll call Anna (ph) tells us her husband strangled her, just before authorities asked people to stay home.

So she joined a chat room with other survivors. And when the economy shut down she said messages asking for help spiked.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

"He threated to beat me," this message reads. He stood in front of me and pretended to punch me."

She went on to say she'd leave him but -- "the pandemic has killed work. The lack of income prevents me from doing things."

(END VIDEO CLIP)

We live in a tragic moment, Anna says, when we have with the enemy and so many women don't even dare to ask for help.

In part, because the government doesn't usually help. Ninety-three percent of all crimes in 2018 went unsolved, according to government data.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

"When I reported my assault, police said are you sure you want to do this? He's your husband. They try and stop you from filing."

(END VIDEO CLIP)

There's skepticism at the top too. Mexico's security ministry says from March through May of this year 911 calls for domestic violence went up more than 44 percent compared to the same period last year.

But in this May news conference, Mexico's president said this.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

"Ninety percent of those calls that you're referring to are fake," he said, when asked about them. Comparing them to prank calls.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

While the president has said domestic violence here is a problem, government campaigns like this one to try and fix it have been ridiculed online.

This awareness advertisement basically says if you're angry, just count to 10.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

Ten was also the average number of women killed each day in Mexico from March through May of this year.

Mexico is beginning to reopen and maybe that eases some of the burden on women trapped at home with their abusers.

But domestic violence didn't start during the shutdown, and it'll still be here now that it's ending.

Matt Rivers. CNN, Mexico City.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

VAUSE: Health experts in Hong Kong say easing social distancing guidelines is one of the main reasons for new confirmed cases.

Nineteen new cases on Wednesday. Same day Hong Kong rolled its most severe restrictions since the pandemic began.

CNN's Will Ripley live again this hour. From Hong Kong.

So we're looking at very, very small numbers but I think you made the point last hour.

It's a small place, densely populated, it could quickly take off.

WILL RIPLEY, CNN CORRESPONDENT: And there are only so many hospital beds available for COVID-19 patients, John.

So yes. There are a lot of people who look at the numbers here in Hong Kong, more than 1,500 cases now, just 10 deaths -- two of them within the last 24 hours, by the way.

[01:25:00]

And they think, OK, why is this such a big deal, why can't we go on with our normal lives?

But public health experts, and I spoke with three of them just yesterday, said as soon as Hong Kong started to ease the social distancing restrictions, like clockwork, the community spread started to begin.

Because two weeks ago, there were zero cases coming from within Hong Kong, and now the majority of them are.

And that is scary for health officials because if people are walking around asymptomatic they're spreading it.

And a lot of these people, the people who died yesterday, were senior citizens. You have elderly people here who are particularly at risk.

And given that you can't bring people in, really, to Hong Kong because the borders are essentially shut down, there's only so much healthcare to go around.

And government officials feel if they don't get a handle on this thing now and cases really explode, Hong Kong could find itself in a situation where it's truly overwhelmed. So that's why they're taking this very -- pretty severe action.

These are the harshest restrictions that we've had so far.

They've closed Disneyland again. They've closed schools, bars, gyms. Restaurants can't serve dinner.

But these are all attempts to try to stave off what could be -- and what public health experts are warning could be really catastrophic if this thing takes off. Like it has in other place.

VAUSE: Yes. I'm looking at some of the measures. What, it's like a $600 fine or something if you're not wearing a face mask in public. How does this actually get implemented?

And what's been the reaction --

RIPLEY: It's a fine if you --

VAUSE:. -- there amongst (inaudible) --

RIPLEY: -- don't wear your face mask on public transportation. So if you're on the train and you're not wearing a face mask and you're caught, they'll fine you.

Just to clarify that.

But everybody's wearing them out on the streets pretty much. You are socially shamed if you're not wearing a mask.

VAUSE: I guess my question is do they need the enforcement or are people just doing this regardless? There's no anti-maskers or something?

RIPLEY: Well, there's no anti-mask movement here because Hong Kong survived the SARS epidemic and hundreds of people died here. Which was traumatizing for the city for just a period of a few, short months.

This pandemic is lasting much longer. And Hong Kong has been very proud of its success so far in keeping the number of cases and the number of deaths low.

That's why this resurgence of community spread is really troubling, particularly the cases that they can't contact trace.

VAUSE: Will, thank you. We appreciate that.

RIPLEY: Thanks.

VAUSE:. Will Ripley there, live in Hong Kong.

Well, he's been undermined by the president, his credibility questioned by unnamed White House aides. And he's finally been publicly humiliated.

America's expert on infectious diseases has had enough. Calling for an end to the nonsense.

Also, head oil producers are poised to boost production next month. But what happens if demand does not meet supply?

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

TONY BLAIR, FMR. PRIME MINISTER OF BRITAIN: f you look at the countries that have done well through this crisis and -- Germany for example, South Korea, for example. You can look at Israel, other countries in Europe like Greece, actually, have done well.

The key to the success has been to understand that this disease is bad enough for people really not to want to get it.

And therefore, unless you're taking really tough action at the beginning and locking down, as I say, hard and fast and then combining this with testing on a mass scale, it's very hard to get people the confidence to come back out of it again.

I can't see any way out of this other than to get behind the innovations that are now happening. So that you can get an on-the-spot test, antigen and antibody, that

allows you to decide very quickly what the disease status of an individual is.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

[01:30:00]

JOHN VAUSE, CNN ANCHOR: Welcome back to our viewers around the world.

I'm John Vause. You're watching CNN NEWSROOM.

At least -- at least 14 U.S. states, I should say, are reporting a record number of people have moved to hospitals for treatment for COVID-19. Texas just reported a daily record of deaths as well as new infections.

And Disney World reopened two more theme parks in Florida despite surging cases there. 36 states and the world's biggest retailer Walmart are now requiring face masks.

The nation's top infectious disease expert Dr. Anthony Fauci says the spike in new cases was inevitable as states tried to reopen too quickly.

Well, he's way behind in the polls including swing states and unable to land a blow on his Democrat rival. And the U.S. president has now sacked his campaign manager. Technically he was actually demoted but long time associate Brad Parscale was in charge of the digital and data team during Trump's successful 2016 campaign. But he fell out of favor after a campaign rally in Oklahoma saw a much lower than expected crowd.

More details now from the White House from CNN's Jim Acosta.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

JIM ACOSTA, CNN CHIEF WHITE HOUSE CORRESPONDENT: After waging a campaign to discredit one of the nation's most trusted experts on the coronavirus Dr. Anthony Fauci, the White House appears to be waving the white flag at least for now.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Are you ok with the op-ed Peter Navarro wrote?

DONALD TRUMP, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: -- Dr. Fauci. I have a very good relationship. Well that's Peter Navarro. But I have a very good relationship with Dr. Fauci.

ACOSTA: President Trump and his top aides are now backing off of their attacks on Fauci, but only after White House trade adviser Peter Navarro blasted Fauci in a "USA Today" op-ed writing "Dr. Anthony Fauci has a good bedside manner with the public, but he has been wrong about by everything I've interacted with him on."

Asked about that the President all but accused Navarro of going rogue.

TRUMP: Well, he made a statement representing himself. He shouldn't be doing that. No. I have a very good relationship with Anthony.

ACOSTA: After biting his tongue for weeks, Fauci is now defending himself.

DR. ANTHONY FAUCI, DIRECTOR, NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ALLERGY AND INFECTIOUS DISEASES: I cannot figure out in my wildest dreams why they would want to do that. But I mean I think they realize now that that was not a prudent thing to do because it's only reflecting negatively on them.

I can't explain Peter Navarro. He's in a world by himself so I don't even want to go there.

ACOSTA: Navarro's op-ed came after an anonymous White House official sent unflattering talking points about Fauci to reporters. Fauci said that was unwise, too.

DR. FAUCI: If you talk to reasonable people in the White House, they realize that was a major mistake on their part because it doesn't do anything but reflect poorly on them.

ACOSTA: Now, White House officials are trying to distance themselves from Navarro with one top aide saying in a tweet, "The Peter Navarro op-ed didn't go through normal White House clearance processes and is the opinion of Peter alone. The President values the expertise of the medical professionals advising his administration."

One White House official went further saying Navarro had been told by chief of staff Mark Meadows to deescalate the situation with Fauci. But that he violated those instructions by writing the op-ed anyway.

Top Republican lawmakers appear to be on Team Fauci from Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell --

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: What's your level of confidence in Dr. Fauci at this point?

SENATOR MITCH MCCONNEL (R-KY), SENATE MAJORITY LEADER: Total.

ACOSTA: -- to Senator Lindsey Graham, both are battling for reelection.

SENATOR LINDSEY GRAHAM (R), SOUTH CAROLINA: We don't have a Dr. Fauci problem. We need to be focusing on doing things that get us to where we need to go. So I have all the respect in the world for Dr. Fauci. I think any effort to undermine him is not going to be productive, quite frankly.

ACOSTA: But the White House is still showing some hostility to public health officials calling on hospitals around the U.S. to send their data on the virus directly to the administration in Washington bypassing the Centers for Disease Control. One top administration official said the CDC will simply no longer control the data. On the issue of using you see masks, former White House doctor, Ronny Jackson who's running for Congress with the President's support downplayed the importance of wearing them.

RONNY JACKSON, FORMER WHITE HOUSE DOCTOR: Well, I think that wearing a mask is a personal choice. And I don't particularly want my government telling me that I have to wear a mask. I think that's a choice that I can make. I don't wear masks all that often, to be honest with you.

ACOSTA: As for Dr. Fauci, the nation's top infectious diseases expert says he does not want to step down, telling "The Atlantic" earlier in the day that he just wants to do his job.

Jim Acosta, CNN -- the White House.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

VAUSE: Well, some parts of the global economy recovering from the coronavirus, OPEC and its allies say they will soon scale back their record supply cuts. Starting in August those output curbs will be reduced by 2 million barrels a day to 7.7 million barrels a day.

So oil prices have been gradually climbing from their low point in mid-April. They're now at almost 43 billions barrels, still way short where they were, and there are fears of a second wave of the virus which will (INAUDIBLE) which could have this whole rest (ph) for the moment.

Now, CNN Business anchor John Defterios live in Abu Dhabi. So what we are talking here, essentially about easing off on these cuts with an increase in supply. So the question is, is there enough demand there and does this indicate that at least OPEC and the oil producers believe that maybe the worst is over?

JOHN DEFTERIOS, CNN EMERGING MARKETS EDITOR: That's a fantastic summary, John.

VAUSE: Thank you.

[01:34:59]

DEFTERIOS: In fact, we've talked about industries on the front line, right -- the airline industry, for example. Well, the oil industry is directly linked to demand for airlines and for cars. It's pretty obvious.

So this is a sign that they believe that the worst is over, but they are not leaping out of this pact to cut production. Let's put it that way.

As your graphic indicated, it's been a tumultuous, John, four months, right. We had a price war between Saudi Arabia and Russia in March that carried into April. And then prices went negative in the United States and down to $16 for North Sea Brent which is terrible.

Now, the other indicator that was positive today, for example, that China's growth came in at 3.2 percent, but also their refineries are picking up steam here, and the demand is rising. Same thing in the United States. We saw excess supplies drop significantly overnight which helped prices.

But the head of this committee, or the co-chair, the OPEC Plus, the minister of Saudi Arabia, the minister of energy was suggesting it is no time to lower the guard, but this collaboration, this emergency collaboration they put into place is paying off.

Let's take a listen to him.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

ABDULAZIZ BIN SALMAN, SAUDI ARABIA MINISTER OF ENERGY: There are still risks ahead on this so-called crisis like no other as the IMF described it. The world economy is still learning how to live with the virus, but we have shown the value of collaboration, commitment and especially discipline in facing this extraordinary challenge.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

DEFTERIOS: So, the cuts were 9.7 million barrels a day, they go down to 7.7 million barrels a day. Saudi Arabia and Russia are leaning on, for example, Nigeria and Iraq to say you didn't cut back in May and June. Now is your time to make up for lost ground.

So this would be about 8 million barrels a day. And John, in the context of history, this is an extraordinary cut still that will carry on to the end of the year.

And prices responded well. I mean this is not fantastic price for oil vis-a-vis $16 a barrel that we saw on April, John. It's not bad. They're breathing easier here as the economy starts to recover. Not full scale recovery but not bad.

VAUSE: It seems two steps forward, one step back is sort of -- an upward spiking graph is always a good thing, I guess.

We are also looking at another story here with the biggest hack on Twitter. And by some accounts, it seems that it was pretty successful, very sophisticated.

DEFTERIOS: Yes. The scale of the attack is extraordinary. It's the biggest in Twitter's history going back what, to 2006 and its founding.

There's a (INAUDIBLE) kind of themes that stand out for me on this one. The targets seemed to be very progressive players, right? Like Joe Biden, Barack Obama, Michael Bloomberg, Jeff Bezos, and others. Elon Musk, for example. And the company was suggesting overnight that it was sophisticated because it targeted key employees within Twitter. And this almost kind of gave them the combination to open up the safe into the internal tools of Twitter, and gave them incredible access to that information.

We've had two intelligence sources in Washington tell CNN that it could've been the action of a nation state or one, perhaps, acting on behalf of a nation state, if that makes sense. Nothing is being ruled out at this stage.

The other thing that stood out for me, John, is that these tweets that were hacked and sent out into the system and then brought down quickly by Twitter all seem to be related to cryptocurrencies.

And you know the background on this, they don't like regulation, they like independents, they like to skirt around the laws. So there is another subliminal message here by the hackers, and Twitter basically admitting that it needs to fortify its fortress here as a result of the hack going forward.

But those are kind of interesting sub themes to the story, clearly on this latest move.

VAUSE: Yes. We'll leave it there, but it seems why go through all the trouble of hacking Barack Obama or Jeff Bezos if (INAUDIBLE) walked around with a couple of hundred grand? So we'll see what happens with that.

John, thank you. John Defterios there in Abu Dhabi.

DEFTERIOS: Yes, exactly.

VAUSE: Cheers.

Well, police body cam footage seen by CNN but not publicly released has revealed a lot more about George Floyd's final moments. He died in the U.S. city of Minneapolis after being pinned down with a police officer's knee on his neck for more than eight minutes.

Floyd's family filed a civil lawsuit against the city of Minneapolis and the officers involved in his death.

We have more details now from CNN's Omar Jimenez.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

OMAR JIMENEZ, CNN CORRESPONDENT: New body camera video shown to CNN but not shared with the general public is providing critical new context into the moments leading up to George Floyd's death.

The call for officers began over a fake bill being used at a store in Minneapolis. Less than 40 seconds after finishing conversation with the store employee, the officers are the door of this car Floyd was in.

Officer Thomas Lane with his gun drawn yelling to "Put your f-ing hands up." Following an initial knock on the window with a flash light.

BENJAMIN CRUMP, FLOYD FAMILY ATTORNEY: This is a crisis in black America, a public health crisis.

[01:40:01] JIMENEZ: After repeated asks to get out of the car, Floyd is seen on

Lane's body camera sobbing with his head on the steering wheel at one point saying he's sorry, according to video reviewed by CNN.

"Please don't shoot me, Mr. Officer. Please don't shoot me, man. Please. Can you not shoot me, man?"

Lane: "Stepped out and face away. I'm not shooting. Step out and face away."

It's at that point, Floyd is forcefully pulled from the car as both Officer Lane and officer Jay Alexander King (ph) struggled to handcuff him. Shortly after, a big struggle to get Floyd into the squad car parked across the street as Floyd says he's claustrophobic and refuses to get in.

At this point, according to video viewed by CNN, Floyd is being pushed into the police vehicle from one by King and pulled in from the other by Lane.

"I can't breathe. I can't breathe," Floyd says. All the while flailing in cuffs as both officers are on top him.

"Get him on the ground," Lane says. "Let go of me, man. I can't breathe. I can't breathe".

At one point Floyd just letting out a desperate scream for at least three seconds straight, according to video reviewed by CNN.

About 30 seconds later, the other officers, Tou Thao and Derek Chauvin are on the side of Lane's body camera and everybody falls to the infamously familiar position scene in this cell phone video with Chauvin's knee on Floyd's neck.

An already restrained Floyd calls out for his mom.

GEORGE FLOYD, SHOOTING VICTIM: Mama.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Get up. And get in the car - -

FLOYD: Mama.

JIMENEZ: As Chauvin appears to increase pressure on Floyd's neck, curling down from his initial upright position, according to body camera vide viewed by CNN.

About four minutes later, still cuffed an under the knee of Chauvin, Floyd says, "Please, please, please" each please seemingly weaker than the one before, according to video reviewed.

Lane says, "Should we roll him on his side?" Chauvin: "No, he's staying put where we got him." Those are the last words listed in the transcript, but audio heard by CNN shows that seconds later, Floyd says --

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: You're stopping his breathing right there, bro. FLOYD: I can't breathe.

JIMENEZ: Those would his final words.

Omar Jimenez, CNN -- Minneapolis.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

VAUSE: Well, still to come here. There are those who take personal risks for the greater good, especially those who volunteer as human guinea pigs for a vaccine trial. And after the break, we will talk to said guinea pig who took part in Moderna's vaccine trial which is showing real promise.

Also a baby infected with the coronavirus while still in the womb. What this almost unprecedented infection says about this virus and what questions are raised.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

VAUSE: Dr. Anthony Fauci says a vaccine for the coronavirus could be ready within a year to a year and a half with as many as a billion doses. From the United States to Australia, researchers are racing to produce an effective treatment for this disease.

[01:44:45]

VAUSE: On Tuesday, the biotech company Moderna says there were promising results from its vaccine candidate. Phase one data shows the vaccine led to immune responses in all volunteers, with only mild side effects. The company is now set to begin the third and final phase of the study, which begins later this month with 30,000 volunteers.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

DR. TAL ZAKS, CHIEF MEDICAL OFFICER, MODERNA: We believe that the chances of this working are pretty good, and the reasons are that the ability of neutralizing antibodies to mediate (ph) the right immune response I think has been demonstrated for other similar viruses and in pre-clinical models.

We have shown now that this vaccine can induce levels of those antibodies, indeed levels that can even exceed what you see with natural infection. And so on balance, we are both cautiously optimistic but fully dedicated to seeing this through.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

VAUSE: Shelly Groves is one of the 45 volunteers who took part in phase one of the Moderna Emory vaccine trial. And she is with us just down the road in Decatur, Georgia. Shelly, good to see you. Thanks for being with us.

SHELLY GROVES, VOLUNTEER, PHASE ONE MODERNA-EMORY VACCINE TRIAL: Thank you. VAUSE: I'm not really going to go out on a limb with this first

question, but I'm guessing that right now you're pretty happy, maybe fairly relieved, that we know this vaccine is safe, and has some promising potential.

GROVES: Absolutely.

VAUSE: Can you describe what that feeling was like when you found out though?

GROVES: Well, when I had gotten the shots everything was pretty normal for me. So I felt like it was safe for me personally. But to hear that most everyone else had the same results was very, very gratifying and encouraging.

VAUSE: Did you have any moments of thinking like, hang on, I'm not too sure what's going to happen here? Any anxiety?

GROVES: Not really.

VAUSE: Good stuff. But why be a guinea pig in the first place? Because, you know, we now know that the side effects from this potential vaccine -- the fatigue, chill, headache, there's muscle pain, and pain at the point of injection. But before the trial began, no one knew what the side effects were and they could have been a whole lot worse.

So there was an element of risk here. There's even the potential that it could have been fatal.

GROVES: I guess I didn't really think about it that way, I had had a physical in January, and I knew that my blood work was perfect. And I felt like, you know, if not now, when?

And they needed someone in my age group. So -- and I know that Emory does -- this is what they do. So I felt very confident that they wouldn't kill me.

VAUSE: That's a good thing to be.

So we're now at a point where phase one is over and we're heading into phase two. Is your part done or do you take part in phase 2? How does that work?

GROVES: I do not take part in phase 2. What happens now with me is that the -- the visits that I go to are less often and the visits in what they entail is they draw blood. And they ask if I've had any, you know, side effects or anything like that.

But my last visit was in June and I don't go again until August and then after that I don't think I go back until November. So, the heavy lifting for me is over with.

VAUSE: Yes. I guess the family must be pretty happy with everything.

GROVES: Well, you know, most people are -- you know, they think, they look at me and they're like why would you do that? And you know, but like I said my next door neighbor works at the Hope Clinic so I know what great work they do. So I just felt like, you know, it is my time to step up.

VAUSE: I don't want to still go into the politics of it all, but you know, we hear a lot about people wanting to wear masks and (INAUDIBLE) masks, you know, you are somebody who has, you know, put your health, possibly your life at risk for the greater good.

What are your thoughts for the people who seem to be at the other extreme? You know, they don't want to wear a mask because they think it's inconvenient or it's uncomfortable, and they won't do it for the good of everyone else?

GROVES: Well, I think it's very unwise and very selfish because you wear a mask for someone else, you know? And if we could all just wear masks for a few weeks, as Dr. Fauci said now, you know, maybe we could make a huge impact on the coronavirus because obviously it's not going away, and not to politicize it, but it's gotten to be it's one side or the other and it's very unfortunate, in my opinion.

VAUSE: I'm just wondering, are you one of those people that, you know, when the word went out for volunteers, it was like, if I don't do it, you know, no one's going to do it, so I might as well get in? Give it a shot?

GROVES: To be honest with you, I had done another trial with Emory- Hope clinic. It was actually with my dogs and it was such a great experience that I kind of half knew what I was going into. So I really had no hesitation whatsoever.

VAUSE: I can see the dogs behind you.

Shelly, thank you.

GROVES: Yes. Thank you.

(CROSSTALK)

VAUSE: And thank you for taking part in the study. I mean -- and this trial because I think, you know, everyone is grateful for that. Appreciate it.

GROVES: Well, I appreciate that. Thank you.

[01:49:52]

VAUSE: Ok. Cheers.

Researchers in France a pregnant woman passed the coronavirus on to her unborn child. The woman was infected during her last trimester. Usually, it's extremely rare to see viral transmission during pregnancy. It raises yet more questions about the coronavirus.

CNN's Cyril Vanier reports from Paris.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

CYRIL VANIER, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Dr. Daniele De Luca specializes in critical care for newborns at this hospital outside Paris. At the height of the pandemic in France late March, dozens of pregnant mothers presenting severe coronavirus symptoms were admitted here.

In a research paper recently published in the medical journal, "Nature" the doctor says it's now confirmed that one of the mothers transmitted the virus to her unborn child.

DR. DANIELE DE LUCA, HEAD OF NEONATAL CRITICAL CARE, HOPITAL ANTOINE- BECLERE: This is the reality. The virus can pass through the placenta to the baby.

In the beginning, we told, while this is never going to happen, this is not true. That's the reality. And that's bad news.

VANIER: The doctor says the virus was present in the mother's blood which is rare, and was then transmitted through the placenta and when the baby boy was delivered, he tested positive for the virus.

There were already strong suspicions of what is called neonatal transmission, but Dr. De Luca says his study confirms it. The hospital carried out half a dozen tests on the baby boy -- swabs, blood tests, tests of the placenta, the core, the amniotic fluid -- all within an hour of the birth. All confirming that the baby was, indeed, infected before he even came into this world.

Within 24 hours, the newborn presented severe and neurological complications. Cerebral inflammation and irregular muscle movements.

DE LUCA: I cannot deny that. In the beginning we were very worried. These were (INAUDIBLE) symptoms so we were worried and then as I told you, they improved pretty steadily. We're very happy.

VANIER: The virus left no lasting damage and the baby was discharged from the hospital less than three weeks later.

DE LUCA: When it happens, well, as you see the baby is most likely going to recover pretty soon alone.

VANIER: According to the doctor, there is now growing evidence that newborns are resistant to COVID-19. And the best news of all he says, neonatal transmission of the virus remains extremely rare.

Cyril Vanier, CNN -- Paris.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

VAUSE: With that we'll take a short break. You're watching CNN.

We'll be back in a moment.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

VAUSE: Face masks may be making the transition from controversial political statement to flashy fashion statement. And for the struggling retailers in the U.S. they are making the most of it.

CNN's Clare Sebastian explains.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

CLARE SEBASTIAN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: It took just a few days for Meghan Navoy (ph) to pivot her small textiles business to making face masks.

MEGHAN NAVOY, FOUNDER, ROSEMARINE TEXTILES: I at first was just giving them all away for free. They have been on my front porch. Then there was a huge surge in demand. And I listed them on my FB shop (ph). I have had my shop for two years. I've never had anything that have the sort of demand.

SEBASTIAN: She says more than 12 million masks were sold in April alone. Meghan Navoy had to pause sales of all her (INAUDIBLE) for a month just to clear her backlog of mask orders. Three months on the masks are still in her top three bestsellers and she's hired an extra person to help her.

NAVOY: I think people had no mask at all in the beginning. And now I think most people have at least one to wear. And now it's more people are looking for a cute mask, that sort of goes with their style.

[01:55:00]

SEBASTIAN: And that shift has brought much larger businesses into the face mask market from luxury brands like Mark Jacobs, these hundred dollar masks currently all sold out, to GAP which sold over three million masks in May across its the different brands.

We are seeing some companies showcasing their signature designs like these bandana print masks from Levi's. The company says these have been the most viewed item on their Website for the past six weeks.

And it's not just the world of fashion, this is from Dunkin' Donuts. Clearly, masks also present a marketing opportunity.

MARK COHEN, DIRECTOR OF RETAIL STUDIES, COLUMBIA BUSINESS SCHOOL: I think it's become -- becoming a ubiquitous staple. And there is no good reason why us retailers wouldn't provide it either as a customer service feature or as a branding opportunity or as a fashion accessory. This is an opportunity to create a brand-new genre of accessories.

SEBASTIAN: In early April, Vistaprint, the company best known for business cards and custom signage, realized their customers' needs had changed.

RICKY ENGELBERG, CMO VISTAPRINT: For us, getting face mask was a pretty easy decision. We work to serve small businesses every single day and one of the biggest things we saw was going to happen was small businesses had to be able to reopen safely.

SEBASTIAN: Vistaprint says it now can produce a couple of hundred thousand a month with the ability to scale. ENGELBERG: Will it be a category that is as urgent as it is right now

a year from now? Probably not. Will it be something that is way more part of our everyday lives going forward than it was six months ago? Definitely.

SEBASTIAN: A simple safety product during a global pandemic, now giving the business of accessories a whole new face.

Clare Sebastian, CNN -- New York.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

VAUSE: So if a bunch of people scream in an isolated Nordic nation but no one hears, do they really scream at all? Well, apparently, yes.

Iceland's tourism board has a Web site where you can record your screams and frustrations and everything else and listen to others as well.

Here's the ad.

VAUSE: It's all about a little pandemic stress release. Iceland will broadcast your screams to speakers set up in remote parts of the country.

I'm going to do that right now, as soon as I get off air.

I'm John Vause. Another CNN NEWSROOM right after this.

Thanks for watching.

[01:57:37]

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

END