Return to Transcripts main page
The Global Brief with Bianca Nobilo
U.N. General Assembly Meets; Zelenskyy Demands Russia Be Punished For War. Aired 5-6p ET
Aired September 21, 2022 - 17:00 ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
PAULA NEWTON, CNN HOST: Hello, everyone I'm Paula Newton, in for Bianca Nobilo. And you are watching THE GLOBAL BRIEF.
Just ahead for us: The latest reactions from the U.S. General Assembly over Russians mobilization of military reservists, something it hasn't done
since World War II.
Then, women in Iran are publicly burning their head scarves as protests are raging following the death last week of a young woman in police custody.
And U.S. Central Bank has raised interest rates for the third time since June, hoping to cool rampant inflation.
And we begin this hour at the United Nations, where Ukraine's president is set to address the General Assembly any moment now as we await his speech.
It follows a day of heavy rhetoric where leaders are condemning Russia's invasion in a powerfully stark language.
U.S. President Joe Biden said Moscow's bluntly violating the U.N. charter and the global world order.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
JOE BIDEN, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: Now, Russia's calling up more soldiers to join the fight. The Kremlin is organizing a sham referendum,
trying to annex parts of Ukraine and extremely significant violations of the U.S. charter. This world should see these outrageous acts for what they
are. Putin claims that he had to act because Russia was threatened. But no one threatened Russia. And no one, other than Russia, sought conflict.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
NEWTON: Now, earlier, France's president said Vladimir Putin is making quite a new mistake after the Russian president announced a partial
mobilization of reservists, something Russia has done since World War II.
Now, Britain's foreign secretary said it is a sign that Putin's war isn't going the way he would like. And the head of NATO said it's time Russia
owned up to its failings in Ukraine.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
JENS STOLTENBERG, NATO SECRETARY-GENERAL: As it would be best for Russia to admit the big strategic failure, to withdraw its forces and the war. But
we need to understand that this is not kind of equal responsibility. If President Putin stops fighting, there will be peace. If President Zelenskyy
stops fighting, Ukraine will cease to exist as an independent, sovereign nation. So, we need to support them to enable a political solution.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
NEWTON: A political solution.
CNN's' Richard Roth is at the United Nations.
Richard, you pointed out, look, the U.N. would love a political solution, one does not seem in the offing. You know, take us to the bird's-eye view
of everything the of seen today, especially given the fact that when they started with Putin's threat about nuclear conflict.
RICHARD ROTH, CNN SENIOR U.N. CORRESPONDENT: That's right. Ukraine was already getting to be the dominant topic in and out of the general assembly
hall on Tuesday. Now through Wednesday, New York time, anybody -- anytime a world leader with nuclear weapons issues another veiled threat about using
them, saying this is not a bluff. Plus, conscripting 300,000 more people as soldiers, it gets the attention as we just heard there from major leaders
here. And that's not expected to end.
By the way, Russia's Foreign Minister Lavrov is scheduled to speak on Saturday here at the general assembly.
Reaction? Well, Josep Borelli, the European Union foreign policy chief, he said that the Russia's threat of using nuclear weapons, he's trying to
intimidate Ukraine and other countries. The call up is a major escalation in the, quote, unprovoked war against Ukraine. We heard from the French on
the sidelines, saying this was a mistake by President Putin. Estonia's leader spoke out against it.
Anyone else, anyone who is affected by this denounced Russia for its increasing actions. Against the U.N. charter, which is the heart of the
whole global organization.
One country is not supposed to attack another country, nevertheless its neighbor.
NEWTON: Yeah, and especially as they are framing it in these stark terms, in terms of threatening the nuclear option.
We are waiting President Lewinsky's address to the U.N., it should happen just moments from now.
Given what we were just talking about, Richard, how can he use this moment, his moment now on the world stage yet again to ask for more military aid in
the renewed resolve from your numbers. You and I both know that some members right now, they fear that that resolve may be weakening.
ROTH: Yes, President Zelenskyy is again going to ask for money, weapons, all kinds of assistance. He gets a boost from President Putin's time, the
remarks from when President Biden was going to speak. And, by the way, the European Union chief says there's going to be an emergency informal meeting
of European Union foreign ministers tonight, sometime here on the sidelines of the U.N. General Assembly.
President Zelenskyy, we're told, 26 minutes of remarks in English. We are told by the U.N. And it's going to be on videotape, it took a vote by the
General Assembly last week to get his video remarks approved, overriding, once again, Russian objections -- Paula.
NEWTON: Yeah, all interesting and we wait to see it live in just a few moments from now. Richard Roth for now at the U.N., thank you so much.
And we are seeing signs of dissent meantime in Russia after President Putin announced a partial mobilization of reserves to fight Ukraine.
Meantime, an independent monitoring group says more than 1,000 protesters have now been arrested in cities across Russia. You are seeing some of the
video now and airlines sales, those websites show that there is a sharp demand for flights out of the country with bears skyrocketing.
Now, that partial mobilization comes as Russia faces a debilitating shortage of manpower on the frontlines. And that's not all. It is also
struggling to recruit new fighters just to sign up, even when they offer money. Ukrainian and Western officials meantime say Putin's announcement is
a clear sign of panic.
Matthew Chance has been following all of this for us from London.
And, Matthew, what do you make of those arrests that we were just looking at video of that now, and more broadly, Putin's aggressive moves and is
MATTHEW CHANCE, CNN SENIOR INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Well, in terms of the arrests, then yes, this was always going to be unpopular. The
announcement of a mobilization may -- even a partial one, that means that people, of course, who were not volunteering to go and fight in this
conflict already are essentially going to be forced to go and fight in it. I think it forces Russians to, you know, confront and accept what perhaps
many of them have just kept in the distance, just watched and read about, but not really engaged with.
CHANCE (voice-over): As long as it stayed on the TV screens, not affecting their daily lives, many Russians have gone along with Putin's Ukrainian
disaster, what he calls his special military operation.
But suddenly, in the wake of dramatic military setbacks, all this has become very real, with the Russian leader announcing an immediate call up
of hundreds of thousands of men to bolster his depleted forces.
VLADIMIR PUTIN, RUSSIAN PRESIDENT (through translator): To protect our homeland, it sovereignty and its territorial integrity, to provide safety
for people in liberated territories, it is necessary to partially mobilize citizens. This is a partial mobilization, only for reservists and those
with military experience.
CHANCE: But a partial mobilization that risks fully mobilizing, opposition to the war at home. Groups say more than 1,000 people have been detained
across Russia at heavily policed protests where voices of dissent are being raised.
You are still worried at moments like these says Dennis from Moscow, because you have a wife and kids. I wouldn't want to leave them, he adds,
in case something happens.
And the way Russia's war in Ukraine is currently unfolding, it is a hazardous future indeed many now face it.
It all comes as occupied areas of Ukraine announce snap referendums for joining the Russian state.
For critics, a timely big leaf to cover a blatant annexation of Ukrainian. And an opportunity to halt Ukraine's advancing army by warning its Western
backers, Russia may use nuclear weapons to defend the motherland, even its newest bits.
PUTIN: This is not a bluff. Citizens of Russia can be sure our territorial integrity, our independence and freedom will be insured with all the means
at our disposal. And those who try to blackmail us with nuclear weapons should know the prevailing winds can turn in their direction.
CHANCE: It is a threat that Ukraine, bristling with U.S. and Western arms, has already rejected out of hand. Officials are accusing the Kremlin of
throwing more men into the flames of war that it has no chance of winning. In an already dangerous conflict, Putin's latest turn dramatically raises
CHANCE (on camera): It's the stakes for Vladimir Putin inside Russia at the moment that seem to be rising the highest, with those protests breaking
out in towns and cities across the country, as we mentioned more than 1,000 people detained so far.
We have also learned from one of the independent monitoring groups that looks at these things that at some of the police stations in the Russian
capital, people who are being detained at these protests, these anti-draft protests, remember, are actually being drafted directly if they qualify
into the Russian military. And that's been taking place in several locations in Moscow according to these independent monitors. And that seems
very harsh indeed, even by the hard-line standards of the Russian authorities.
NEWTON: Yeah, extraordinary, and he could've gone for a full mobilization, perhaps realizing his own vulnerabilities. I have to ask you, Matthew, at
this point in time, he seems to be preparing the battlefield. Given what we have heard the leader of Turkey and France say, some indications that
perhaps Vladimir Putin right now wants to prepare the negotiating table instead. That he needs to hang on in Eastern Ukraine and the Donbas. He
will do anything he has to, to hang on to it before trying to bring an end to this conflict.
CHANCE: Yeah. I mean, the fact that he has essentially orchestrated these referendums that are going to be taking place later this week, which will
without doubt vote overwhelmingly in favor of these areas currently occupied by Russia joining the Russian Federation proper is an attempt,
clearly, by Vladimir Putin and his Kremlin to lock in the territorial gains that they are still hanging on to.
But, of course, it also very much raise the stakes in this conflict because Putin has made it clear that the nuclear deterrent stands at the ready if
there is an attack on any part of mother Russia, any part of the motherland, even these newly absorbed regions of Ukraine. He may be
bluffing, he says he's not bluffing, but obviously there are going to have to be new calculations, assessments made both by the Ukrainians and by
their Western backers just in case there is the slightest chance that Vladimir Putin could be for real.
NEWTON: Yeah, you and I are both on the conventional wisdom doesn't apply to Volodymyr Putin certainly in the last few months indeed. Matthew Chance,
as we continue to watch for President Zelenskyy to make his address to the U.N. I thank you and we'll leave it there for now.
Now, we're going to take a look at how this could play out on the battlefield. My colleague Clare Sebastian shows us with a military expert
and some key maps of Ukraine. Take a look.
CLARE SEBASTIAN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Well, Ukraine is making it clear that is counteroffensive will continue even as Russia doubles down.
I want to bring in Neil Melvin who is director of security studies at the royal United Services Institute, which is a think thank.
Well, Neil, as we look at this map which shows in the yellow, as the current areas of Ukrainian control, the red and stripe area, the area of
Russian control. What does this tell you about why Putin has made this announcement today?
NEIL MELVIN, DIRECTOR, INTERNATIONAL SECURITY STUDIES, RUSI: Well, I think the biggest change is that we have seen the last couple of weeks, this
dramatic breakthrough in this area in which Ukraine has pushed suddenly to the east, broken through around Izyum, and begun to challenge Russian
control of these core areas. These are central to President Putin's narrative about protecting Russians and taking control of this territory
which he claims is historic Russian territory.
So, what he wants to do now is to put in place some kind of red lines to try to stop the Ukrainians pushing for there to the east.
SEBASTIAN: We are seeing that with these mobilization announcement and the referenda as well. In terms of what we are seeing on the battlefield here,
we have circle the town of Kharkiv which has never been under Russian control since the start of the conflict, and this sort of line of defense
down here -- talk to me about this area, this yellow section is where we saw that lightning Ukrainian counter offensive.
What has been happening recently?
MELVIN: Yeah. But as you say, the beginning of the war, everyone thought Kharkiv would fall very quickly. It has ever been controlled by the
Russians, that is already a sign of how bad things have gone for the Russians. What we have seen in the last couple of weeks is this
breakthrough in this area where Ukrainians who came to in a very swift move, we saw the Russian forces collapse. There was also a route in some
areas. Ukraine swept across here and then the Russians have tried to create a new frontline. Their troops retreated, often in complete disorder from
these areas, left lots of equipment in these towns. They have tried to put a new line along this river around this bridging point.
But there is already evidence that the cranes are trying to get across the river and push in, begin to challenge this line which is the region of
Luhansk, which the Russians must control otherwise the whole operation and the political justification begins to be questioned.
SEBASTIAN: It's these gains here, you see here, they have Putin really worried. We are still seeing Ukrainian gains up here in this area here
I want to focus on these areas that have now announced that they're going to conduct referendums. Talk to me about these gaps that we are seeing
here. And some of these regions, it is not even completely occupied by Russia. What does this tell you?
MELVIN: At the beginning of the war, Russia's ambition was minimum just to take these territories completely, particularly Donetsk and Luhansk, they
managed to get Luhansk in July where they took the last few towns. Now the coding counteroffensive is threatening to push in to this area, they may
lose complete control of that.
But in Donetsk, down here in Zaporizhzhia, and also Kherson, they haven't really got full control. Ukrainians are challenge of this so the timeframe
that Putin wanted to have the referendum a little bit later, these Ukrainian advances have now forced his hand. He's had to do it much
quicker. He wants to do it also because he wants to try to show that this is now Russian territory.
So, an attack on these areas, Russia will treat them as an attack on Russia itself, not just occupied areas in the neighboring country.
SEBASTIAN: And is this part of the reason why we are seeing, we have seen it before from President Putin, this is not frankly veiled nuclear threat.
He accused the west of threatening Russia with weapons of mass destruction. He said Russia would use all the available resources to protect themselves.
Do you think that he was bluffing or not?
MELVIN: I think his options are narrowing, we can see that by the pressure that's going on him. What he is trying to do now is to look for ways to
escalate. They're losing territory.
So his options there are to try to put these new borders in and say, this is Russian territory. If you come in here, it is an attack on Russia and
Russia's nuclear doctrine says that attack on Russia can potentially be met by a new color option. He is made rather vague threats, but nonetheless he
has put the nuclear question linking it to these territories.
SEBASTIAN: Yeah. So, whatever way you look at it, this is an escalation.
MELVIN: Absolutely. So, what we now have to do is, practically what is he going to do. Is he going to begin to move his nuclear force is closer to
the border? Is his language going to become more escalatory as Ukrainians get to the territories? So, this is quite the dangerous moment we are
SEBASTIAN: Neil Melvin, thank you very much.
NEWTON: Our Clare Sebastian there with military expert Neil Melvin. Our thanks to both of them.
Now, we continue to await the address of President Zelenskyy of Ukraine at the United Nations. That is a live shot there as other leaders get through
their speeches. He will be up in moments. We will bring you that address when it happens live.
Apparently, he is just wrapping up and we are waiting for Zelenskyy to make his address. We are told that it is on videotape, so it might take some
moments of orchestration here. We have heard definitely that leaders are changing their speeches in recent hours because of that new address from
As we just saw from this maps, not only mobilizing, a partial mobilization of about 300,000 troops, but critically also talking about the new color
option and his willingness to use it if he has to.
At issue right now is the challenge for President Zelenskyy to make sure allies stay on board for what has been an. Absolutely grinding effort and a
punishing one for Europe as well as they continue to go through the pain of the energy crisis. You see the delegation right there, the Ukrainian
foreign minister who will listen, let's listen in to see what they're doing.
VOLODYMYR ZELENSKYY, UKRAINIAN PRESIDENT: Greetings to all people of the world who value peace and unity between different and equal nations! I wish
you all peace!
I thank you that we are united in our striving to restore peace and to guarantee peace for any nation that has become a victim of the armed
A crime has been committed against Ukraine, and we demand just punishment. The crime was committed against our state borders. The crime was committed
against the lives of our people. The crime was committed against the dignity of our women and men.
The crime was committed against the values that make you and me a community of the United Nations.
And Ukraine demands punishment for trying to steal our territory. Punishment for the murders of thousands of people. Punishment for tortures
and humiliations of women and men.
Punishment for the catastrophic turbulence that Russia provoked with its illegal war and not only for us, Ukrainians, but for the whole world.
For every nation that is represented in this Hall of the UN General Assembly. I am speaking on behalf of the state, which is forced to defend
itself, but has the formula for peace. I am speaking to everyone who wants to hear how to achieve peace.
I will present a formula that can work not only for us, but for anyone who may find themselves in similar circumstances as we did. It is a formula
that punishes crime, protects life, restores security and territorial integrity, guarantees security, and provides determination.
There are five preconditions for peace. Dear Mr. President of the General Assembly. Dear Secretary-General of the United Nations. Dear heads of
states and governments. Dear journalists. Nations of the world.
Ukraine wants peace. Europe wants peace. The world wants peace. And we have seen who is the only one who wants war.
There is only one entity among all UN Member States who would say now, if he could interrupt my speech, that he is happy with this war -- with his
war. But we will not let this entity prevail over us, even though it is the largest state in the world.
Ukraine showed strength on the battlefield, using its right to self-defense in accordance with Article 51 of the U.N. Charter. And no one will reproach
us now or in the future with weakness or inability to fight for ourselves, for our independence.
We are achieving a result in this fight and we see what the end of this war will be, and what will be the guarantees of a stable peace.
The UN Charter proclaims the equality of nations, and we proved that Ukraine is equal among the equals.
The UN Charter protects the inviolability of borders -- and we confirm our state borderline by expelling the occupiers outside.
The UN Charter stipulates the value of human rights, dignity and life, and we also stipulate them -- with every Ukrainian city freed from Russian
We did not provoke this war. We held 88 rounds of talks in various formats to prevent this war, just from the beginning of my presidency until
February 24 this year.
But Russia -- instead of stopping the crime of aggression, which it started back in 2014 -- turned it into a full-scale invasion. And we have no choice
but to defend ourselves. We do it. We push the aggressor beyond the internationally recognized border of the Ukrainian state.
And this is the first item of our peace formula. Comprehensive item. Punishment.
Punishment for the crime of aggression. Punishment for violation of borders and territorial integrity. Punishment that must be in place until the
internationally recognized border is restored. Until the aggression stops. And until the damages and losses for the war are fully compensated.
Therefore, sanctions against the aggressor are part of the peace formula. Blocking the trade and relations with the aggressor is part of the peace
formula. All this is a punishment.
So long as the aggressor is a party to decision-making in the international organizations, he must be isolated from them -- at least until aggression
lasts. Reject the right to vote.
Deprive delegation rights. Remove the right of veto -- if it is a member of the UN Security Council. In order to punish the aggressor within the
We should not turn a blind eye to propagandists who justify aggression, but apply a full package of personal restrictions against them. That is a
punishment for lying.
Citizens of the aggressor state should not be allowed to enjoy tourism or shopping in the territory of those who value peace, but should be
encouraged through visa restrictions to fight against the aggression of their own state. Punish for abetting the evil.
A special tribunal should be created to punish Russia for the crime of aggression against our state. This will become signal to all "would-be"
aggressors, that they must value peace or be brought to responsibility by the world.
We have prepared precise steps to establish such Tribunal. They will be presented to all states.
Ukraine will appeal to the UN General Assembly to support an international compensation mechanism. We count on your support.
Russia should pay for this war with its assets. It is also a punishment. This is one of the most terrible punishments for Russian officials, who
value money above everything else.
The second item of the peace formula is the protection of life. The most concrete item.
Now, while the sessions of the General Assembly continue, in the Ukrainian town of Izyum, Kharkiv region, the exhumation is under way -- of bodies
from a mass burial, which happened when the territory was controlled by Russian troops. The bodies of women and men, children and adults, civilians
and soldiers were found there, 445 graves.
There is a family that died under the rubble of a house after a Russian airstrike -- father, mother, 6- and 8-year-old girls, grandparents.
There is a man who was strangled with a rope. There is a woman with broken ribs and wounds on her body. There is a man who was castrated before the
murder, and this is not the first case.
Ask, please, the representatives of Russia why the Russian military are so obsessed with castration. What was done to them so that they want to do
this to others?
The only thing that differs the mass burial in Izyum from what the world saw in Bucha is, in fact, the burial. The Russian army was in Izyum for a
longer time, and therefore, the bodies of the killed people were buried, and not scattered on the streets.
So, how can we allow the Russian army somewhere on Ukrainian soil, knowing that they are committing such mass murders everywhere? We cannot.
We must protect life. The world must protect life. Every state suffering the armed aggression needs the opportunity to protect its citizens and
liberate its territory.
If it requires help with weapons or shells -- they should be provided. If you need financial help for this, it should be given. If for this, it is
necessary to help with the intelligence data -- just do it. But what is not needed is lies.
We can return the Ukrainian flag to our entire territory. We can do it with the force of arms. But we need time.
We tried to speed it up. We tried to implement the basic provisions of the UN Charter for Ukraine through negotiations.
But Russia is afraid of real negotiations and does not want to fulfill any fair international obligations. It lies to everyone. As it is typical for
aggressors, for terrorists.
Even now, when Russia talks about negotiations, it only wants to slow down its retreat.
Russia wants to spend the winter on the occupied territory of Ukraine and prepare forces to attempt a new offensive. New Buchas, new Izyums -- or at
least it wants to prepare fortifications on occupied land and carry out military mobilization at home.
We cannot agree to a delayed war, because it will be even hotter than the war now.
For us, this is a war for life. That is why we need defense support -- weapons, military equipment and shells. Offensive weapons, a long-range one
is enough to liberate our land, and defensive systems, above all, air defense. And we need financial support - to keep internal stability and
fulfill social obligations to our people.
Physical and social protection are two elements of any nation's life. So, the second item of our peace formula is the protection of life by all
available means allowed by the UN Charter.
The third item of our peace formula is restoring security and territorial integrity.
Look at how many elements of global security Russia has undermined with its war -- maritime safety, food safety, radiation safety, energy safety and
safety from weapons of mass destruction.
We are already restoring maritime safety and food security. And I thank Mr. Antonio Guterres for his personal involvement. Algeria, Ethiopia, Egypt,
Libya, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, Tunisia, Bangladesh, Israel, India, Iran, Yemen, Cyprus, China, Korea, Lebanon, Turkiye, Belgium, Bulgaria, Greece,
Ireland, Spain, Italy, Netherlands, Germany, Romania and France have already received Ukrainian agricultural products.
And we have to increase the supply by sea. Both under market conditions and within the UN Food Program, for which Ukraine is always a reliable partner.
By the way, despite all the difficulties caused by the war, we decided to provide humanitarian aid to Ethiopia and Somalia, so we will send them an
additional amount of our wheat. But it is more difficult with other security elements.
On the eve of the General Assembly meeting, Russia fired missiles at the South Ukraine Nuclear Power Plant. The explosion hit the station buildings
-- windows were broken, walls were damaged. The rockets exploded only three hundred meters from the walls of the reactors!
And this is after the IAEA's clear appeal to Russia to stop any hostile activity against any nuclear facilities of Ukraine and, in particular,
against the Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Station -- the largest one in Europe, which Russia has turned into a target.
And that makes all of you a target.
Russian radiation blackmailing is something that should concern each and every one of you, because none of you will find a vaccine against radiation
The cost of living crisis continues in dozens of countries, it roots in the destabilization of the energy market. It is necessary to remove the main
factor of global price turbulence, namely: Russian energy blackmailing.
It is necessary to cap the prices at which Russia exports its energy resources. It is necessary to make Russian oil and gas -- just ordinary
goods again. Currently, oil and gas are Russia's energy weapons. And that is why it manipulates the markets so that electricity, gas, petrol and
diesel become the privilege of few instead of being a common good available to all.
Limiting prices is safeguarding the world. This is the way to restore energy and price security.
But will the world go for it? Or will it be scared? Will it be scared of Russian threats?
It is necessary to take only one strong step, after which everything will become clear. The time has come for this.
This step will put everything in place. After the Russian missile terror, after the massacres, after Mariupol, after the burning of Ukrainian
prisoners in Olenivka by the Russian military, after blocking the ports, after the strikes of Russian tanks and missiles on nuclear power plants,
and after threats to use nuclear weapons, which have become the rule, not the exception, for Russian propagandists -- we must finally recognize
Russia as a state sponsor of terrorism, at all levels, in all countries that confess the values of peace and protection of human life. Legally.
If you don't have a legal mechanism, you can make a political decision in the parliaments. This is the foundation for restoring global security. If
this strong step is taken, doubts will disappear, whether to take other important steps.
And what is very sensitive is the border, the territorial integrity.
When one country tries to steal the territory of another state, it puts all world nations under attack.
Global security cannot be restored without restoring the territorial integrity of the nation which suffered the armed aggression.
So, the third item of the Ukrainian peace formula is the restoration of security and territorial integrity. The fourth item is security guarantees.
Every nation has the right to security guarantees. Not only the largest nations. Not only the most fortunate ones.
We have proposals to upgrade the security architecture for Ukraine, and for Europe and the world, which will not allow any more aggression against us.
We are already presenting them to partners.
Proposals for legally binding multilateral and bilateral treaties. These are the conditions for the guarantors to act, and the timeline for their
actions to bring results -- results on land, at sea and in the air; in diplomacy and politics, in economy and finance, in providing weapons and
intelligence. Each of you, who will receive the text of our peace formula will also see the details of what we offer as security guarantees.
I do not want to compare our offers with the guarantees of any alliances that exist on the planet now. I want to stress that it is always much
better to guarantee the security of a nation, preventively, rather than to stop a war after it has already begun.
And the fifth item of the Ukrainian peace formula is determination. Something without which the other four items will not work.
This is our determination to fight. This is the determination of the partners to help us, and also themselves. And this is the determination of
the world to unite around the one who fights against armed aggression and to call to order the one who threatens all.
So, all five items of our formula: punishment for aggression; protection of life; restoration of security and territorial integrity; security
guarantees; and determination to defend oneself.
This is the formula of crime and punishment, which is already well known to Russia. And this is the formula of justice and law and order that Russia
has yet to learn. As well as any other potential aggressors.
What is not in our formula? Neutrality.
Those who speak of neutrality, when human values and peace are under attack, mean something else.
They talk about indifference -- everyone for themselves. Here's what they say. They pretend to be interested in each other's problems. They take care
of each other formally. They sympathize only for protocol. And that is why they pretend to protect someone, but in reality they protect only their
vested interests. This is what creates the conditions for war. This is what needs to be corrected in order to create conditions for peace.
All you need is determination. There was a lot of talking about reforming the UN. How did it all end? No result.
If you look carefully at our peace formula, you will see that its implementation is already becoming a de-facto reform of the United Nations.
Our formula is universal, and unites the North and the South of the world. It calls for the world's majority, and encourages to expand the
representation of those who remained unheard.
This is an imbalance when Africa, Latin America, most of Asia, Central and Eastern Europe comply with the right of veto, that they themselves never
And this is what Ukraine is talking about. And have you ever heard such words from Russia? But it is a permanent member of the Security Council.
For some reason. For what reason, not Japan or Brazil, not Turkiye or India, not Germany or Ukraine. The day will come when this will be
As for the talks between Ukraine and Russia. Probably you have happened to hear different words from Russia about the talks -- as if they were ready
for them. But they talk about the talks but announce military mobilization. They talk about the talks but announce pseudo referendums in the occupied
territories of Ukraine.
What is true then? The military mobilization in Russia is true. Sham referendums are also true. Russia wants war. It's true. But Russia will not
be able to stop the course of history. Mankind and the international law are stronger than one terrorist state. Russia will be forced to end this
war. The war it has started.
I rule out that the settlement can happen on a different basis than the Ukrainian peace formula. The further the Russian terror reaches, the less
likely it is that anyone in the world will agree to sit at one table with them.
And if my words will be followed by new Russian missiles and acts of terrorism it will only prove the weakness. Russia's weakness, its inability
to prevail over us, its inability to prevail over the world. It will only prove that 5 items of the Ukrainian peace formula must be implemented as
soon as possible.
We are ready for peace. But true, honest and fair peace. That's why the world is on our side.
And finally, I want to thank the 101 countries that voted for my video address to take place. It was a vote not only about the format. It was the
vote about principles.
Only seven countries voted against: Belarus, Cuba, North Korea, Eritrea, Nicaragua, Russia and Syria.
Seven. Seven who are afraid of the video address. Seven who respond to principles with a red button. Only seven.
One hundred and one -- and seven.
Friends, if this coalition is against our determination, then I congratulate you all. Because this means that peace will prevail over any
aggression, and that there is no obstacle for us to implement the peace formula.
I thank you. I thank you for your attention.
Once again, I wish you all peace.
PAULA NEWTON, CNN ANCHOR: And that was President Volodymyr Zelenskyy giving his address to the united nation, as you notice it was on tape -- 26
minutes long. And he was ever the warrior statesman. Unlike normally, we would not leave this or thinking this address was too important to leave to
the translators. He decided to record it an English to see if it could have more of an effect.
At issue here, if he continues to say that Russia is one of the only countries that does not want peace, that wants war. He stated again,
Ukraine in fact does want peace.
He laid out as well, that Ukraine wants Russia punished. He laid out the fact that there has to be a formal mechanism by which they would compensate
the financially for what has happened, that there would be punishment. He called on the United Nations to take away that key veto that Russia has on
the UN Security Council.
And he also appealed once again as we've heard many times saying that if Ukraine is to enter into peace a powerful position of strength it would
take time. It would also take long range missiles. Something so far the United States has not agreed to send at all.
In the statement itself was controversial, he pointed out that seven countries including Russia did not want him to give that video address, but
101 countries dead.
I want to bring in now our Matthew Chance, who's been sitting with us through all. This math, you really came to get your insights here. Correct
me if I'm wrong, all that different -- he's trying to give the appeal more urgency. Honestly, given what's happened today with Vladimir Putin, again,
putting nuclear option on the table.
MATTHEW CHANCE, CNN SENIOR INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Yeah. I mean, look, this is what Volodymyr Zelenskyy has really excel that. Particularly
over the past seven months when this conflict, since this conflict began. But also, in the months and in the year or so before that, since he became
president of Ukraine. He was trying to put himself out there, underlying the fact that he has repeatedly dry, along with his administration, to
forge some kind of peace agreement with the Russians, Russian overtures that have been buffed by Moscow.
I remember, a year before the conflict started, there was talk, very much behind the scenes, very much in private, that there was room for
compromise, amongst president Zelenskyy's immediate circle. With Russia, even when it came to some territory in the east of the country. But, that
position has vanished into the distance. It's long gone. And the demand now is very much that Russia is pushed back, leaves all of the territory its
occupied since 2014 including the Crimean peninsula.
And so, you know, with each military victory and with each yard the Ukrainian military pushes the Russians back the more defied that demand
becomes. Of course, that's going to be the biggest obstacle to forging a peace agreement, but between the two sides.
NEWTON: Absolutely, as you and I have discussed, there's probably two red lines for Vladimir Putin. And that would likely be eastern Ukraine and the
Donbas, and Crimea.
Something that's become very difficult, Matthew, you've reported on this from Ukraine. President Zelenskyy went out of his way again in this address
to detail the atrocities that Ukraine alleges happened, not just in Bucha, but Izyum, and unfortunately, in lots of other towns, villages, and cities
across Ukraine. It was quite graphic and detailing those alleged atrocities.
This is another obstacle, right, Matthew, in terms of us talking about where there would be some kind of mutual ground that they could talk about
peace, some kind of ground. And instead with the atrocities it's made it much more difficult.
CHANCE: It has. It makes it it's made it virtually impossible, politically impossible, for someone like Volodymyr Zelenskyy to -- the idea of reaching
compromise, with the Kremlin, when those responsible for carrying out the appalling acts of violence -- the murders, the rapes, the destruction of
civilian areas, and the outright sort of orgy of violence, without bringing those people responsible to some kind of justice.
But, of course, there's absolutely no appetite in Russia for addressing that in any way.
In fact the Russians completely deny that these human rights abuses which have been documented by independent rights groups across the board. They
say it's fake news, they say it's been made up, as they often do to make Russia look bad. And so, you know, even if the vestiges of a well to do a
deal with Russia, it's very hard politically for any Ukrainian politician to do that, in the face of that utter denial by the Russians. They really
done anything wrong, it's astonishing.
NEWTON: Yeah. And, of course, as you reminded us before, Matthew, any peace agreement needs to be approved by the Ukrainian people themselves.
It's not like Volodymyr Zelenskyy would be making his decision on this own, as you said, right now, given everything that's gone on, it would be very
difficult and less as Vladimir Zelensky just pointed out, there was some kind of punishment and the Ukrainian borders including the east in Crimea
Matthew Chance, thank you so much. It's been great to have you, as you continue to listen to that address.
And we'll be right back with more on THE BRIEF in a moment.
NEWTON: And welcome back.
We'll take a look at the other key stories making international headlines.
Today, Germany plans to nationalize gas giant Uniper to try and prevent an energy shortage this winter. Uniper is the country's largest gas importer
providing 40 percent of Germany's glass supply. Germany along with most of Europe has of course been slammed by surging gas prices in the follow of
Russia's invasion of Ukraine.
The three-kilometer Rio-Antirrio Bridge in Athens is known for its spectacular lights on its cables. You see it there. But local officials
have turned the lights off. Greek government has called for citizens and businesses to conserve energy as a way to help fight those spiraling
Marine conservationists are working feverishly to save a huge pot of whales that beached themselves in Australia. It's so distressing to see that.
About 230 pilot whales were stranded. It is believed that at least half of the whales are still alive. It's unknown why whales beached themselves, the
continuing mystery for us.
Now, Hurricane Fiona is turning into a monster of a storm, as it rampages through the rest of the Caribbean. It's a category four hurricane, with
sustain winds of about 210 kilometers per hour. The storm is expected to pass just west of Bermuda, you see it there later this week, and then
unfortunately, toward Canada, where it could be the strongest storm ever to make landfall there.
Now, millions of people are still without power, or freshwater in Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic, and the Turks and Caicos after Fiona slammed
Now, we've got an update on Fiona from the National Hurricane Center.
CNN's Tom Sater has it for us now.
Tom, of course, I'm hoping this is better news?
TOM SATER, AMS METEOROLOGIST: I know this hits close to home for you, Paula.
NEWTON: It does, it does, Tom.
SATER: I mean, your beloved Canada. Like you mentioned, it could be the strongest ever for the region, Atlantic Canada, that's because it's
expected to have the lowest pressure ever recorded there. So, again, a very strong system.
The only update is winds are up to 210kph up to 215, so it's getting stronger. The outer edge leaving the Turks and Caicos, but the ragged eye
is now well-deformed. If you notice that bright color of purple, high conductive activity is now in circling that eye. So, it's getting stronger.
Yes, it's a category four. But the water temperatures are just outrageous - - climate change, all the way up to the north. So, it's going to keep the strength with a. Not a direct hit from Bermuda, but they have tropical
storm watches, hurricane watches, and tropical storm warning.
This is the concern, Canadian maritime and Atlantic Canada, more on that in a moment. But first, the wave heights, 15 meters, 18 meters, very close to
Bermuda. Again, and they're going to fuel feel the effects of that but not the direct hit.
As it moves northward, watch how they still have these high wind heights and high seas move up in the region. Nova Scotia could really get hit hard
with this. Notice how the isobars really start to expand outward. We could see hundreds and hundreds of kilometers where the winds will be a tropical
storm strength, hundreds of thousands can lose power. Residents are told to get there, a five-day supply of food and water and everything.
And this is not the only storm in town are watching one now, Paula, that's off the coast of South America. It could be the acorn that becomes the yoke
to mainland U.S. It's just down to the south. But, of course, we're looking at a notable storm here all since the year 2000, climate change. What an
activity that we have now, Paula, in the Atlantic.
NEWTON: Yeah, we certainly can't be surprised any longer, in Eastern Canada. Tom Sater, we'll continue to watch the storm for us. Appreciate it.
And thanks for watching this extended edition of THE GLOBAL BRIEF.
"THE SITUATION ROOM" is up next.