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Barack Obama Speaks from Prince George's Community College
Aired September 26, 2013 - 11:00 ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: Some have threatened a government shutdown if they can't shut down this law. Others have actually threatened an economic shutdown by refusing to pay America's bills if they can't delay the law. That's not going to happen as long as I'm president.
The Affordable Care Act is here to stay.
And so today, I want to speak plainly, clearly, honestly about what it means for you and for the people you care about. Now, let's start with the fact that even before the Affordable Care Act fully takes effect, about 85 percent of Americans already have health insurance, either through their job or through Medicare or through the individual market. So if you're one of these folks, it's reasonable that you might worry whether health care reform is going to create changes that are a problem for you, especially when you're bombarded with all sorts of fearmongering.
So the first thing you need to know is this: If you already have health care, you don't have to do anything. In fact, for the past few years, since I signed the Affordable Care Act, a lot of you have been enjoying new benefits and protections that you didn't have before, even if you didn't know they were coming from Obamacare.
Let me just give you a few examples. Because of the Affordable Care Act, more than 100 million Americans have gotten free preventive care, like mammograms and contraceptive care, with no co-pays. Because of the Affordable Care Act, 3 million young adults under age 26 have gained coverage by staying on their parents' plan.
Because of the Affordable Care Act, millions of seniors on Medicare have saved hundreds of dollars on their prescription medicine. They've been getting their prescription drugs cheaper.
Because of the Affordable Care Act, just this year, 8.5 million families actually got an average of $100 back from their insurance companies because the insurance companies spent too much on things like overhead and not enough on actual Medicare -- medical care.
Because of the Affordable Care Act, insurance companies can no longer put lifetime limits on the care your family needs or discriminate against children with pre-existing conditions. And starting on January 1st, they won't be able to charge women more for their insurance just because they're women.
That's a good thing.
So, tens of millions of Americans are already better off because of the benefits and protections provided by the Affordable Care Act. Like I said, they may not know why that rebate check came in the mail. They may not notice that they're not having to co-pay for some preventive care that they received. But they're getting those benefits. That's already happening; that's already in place today. It's been going on for several years. Those are the benefits of Obamacare, the law that Republicans want to repeal.
Although, it's interesting. When you ask Republicans whether they'd repeal the benefits I just mentioned, when you say to them, "Well, do you think it's the right thing to do to let young people stay on their parents' plans so they can keep insurance? Or do you want to prevent seniors from getting more discounts on their prescription drugs?" Then they'll say, "No, no, no, we like those. Those things are OK."
So they don't like Obamacare in theory, but some of the component parts, at least those that poll well, they don't mind. But that's already in place.
Now, here's the second thing you need to know. If you're one of over 40 million Americans who don't have health insurance, including hundreds of thousands of folks right here in Maryland, starting on Tuesday, five days from now, you'll finally have the same chance to buy quality, affordable health care as everybody else. And...
And I want to -- I want to break this down for you. I want you to know exactly how it works. The major reason why people don't have health insurance is either they don't have a job, or they do have a job but their employer doesn't offer health insurance, or they're self-employed. If you've ever tried to buy health insurance on your own, you know it is really, really expensive. It's even worse if you have a pre-existing condition, and up to half of all Americans have a pre-existing condition.
See, the reason it's really expensive if you're buying it on your own is because you're not part of a big group. You're not part of a group plan. And what groups do is they spread risk between sick and healthy people, between older and younger people. And groups, because insurance companies want the business of groups -- that's a lot of customers -- they'll negotiate a better deal with a group than they will with an individual.
So if you're on your own, you're out there trying to negotiate with an insurance company, they're looking and they're saying, well, you know, you take it or leave it, I'm going to charge you a whole lot of money. And if you've got a pre-existing condition, they'll say, we don't even want to insure you, because we think you might get sick later on, and we don't really want to pay. We just want to take in premiums.
So -- so if you're not part of a group, you're either uninsurable or you need to spend a small fortune on insurance that oftentimes is not very good. That's what's happening right now.
The Affordable Care Act was designed to solve that problem. And here's how we do it. Starting on Tuesday, every American can visit healthcare.gov to find out what's called the insurance marketplace for your state. Here in Maryland, I actually think it's called marylandhealthconnection.gov, marylandhealthconnection.gov.
But if you go to healthcare.gov, you can look and they'll tell you where to go. They'll link to your state.
Now, this is real simple. It's a website where you can compare and purchase affordable health insurance plans side by side the same way you shop for a plane ticket on Kayak, same way you shop for a TV on Amazon. You just go on, and you start looking, and here are all the options. It's buying insurance on the private market, but because now you're part of a big group plan -- right, everybody in Maryland's all logging in and taking a look at the prices -- you've got new choices. Now you've got new competition, because insurers want your business. And that means you will have cheaper prices.
So you enter in -- you enter in some basic information about yourself, what level of coverage you're looking for. After that, you'll be presented with a list of quality affordable plans that are available in your area. It will say clearly what each plan covers, what each plan costs. The price will be right there. It will be fully transparent.
You know, before this law, only a handful of states required insurance companies to offer you instant price quotes, but because of this law, insurers in all 50 states will have to offer you instant price quotes. And so if you've ever tried to buy insurance on your own, I promise you, this is a lot easier. It's -- it's like booking a hotel or a plane ticket.
And here's another thing about these new plans. If you're one of those folks who have a pre-existing condition, these plans have to offer you coverage. They can't use your medical history to charge you more than anybody else. If you couldn't afford coverage for your child because he had asthma, he's covered. If you couldn't afford coverage because you were told heartburn was a pre-existing condition, you're covered. If you're one of the 45 million Americans with a mental illness, you are covered. If you're a young adult or entrepreneur striking out on your own, you're covered.
If -- if you're a young couple who previously had insurance that didn't include maternity benefits, and now suddenly you need some maternity benefits, you're covered.
If you lose your job and your health care with it, you're covered.
So -- so all those things that were denying you coverage in the past, that were the cruelties of a broken health care system, on January 1st, when these plans take effect -- no, no, no, no, hold on. Hold on.
I know what I'm talking about.
You sign up starting on Tuesday. The plan will take effect on January 1st. And when these plans take effect, all those things change forever.
Now, what about choice and cost? In states where the federal government helps run these marketplaces, the average American will have more than 50 different plans to choose from, with different levels of coverage. And because insurance companies are competing against one another for your business, a lot of Americans will pay significantly less for their insurance than they do now. You know, premiums are going to be different in different parts of the country depending on how much coverage you buy, but 95 percent of uninsured Americans will see their premiums cost less than was expected. And many families, including more than two-thirds of all young adults who buy health care through these online marketplaces, are also going to be eligible for tax credits that bring the cost down even further.
(APPLAUSE) So -- so let me be specific. Right here in Maryland, average 25- year-old, have we got any 25-year-olds here? All right, so we've got a few. Some of you raised your hand, I'm not sure you...
All right. Here in Maryland, average 25-year-old making $25,000 a year could end up getting covered for as little as $80 a month, $80 a month.
OBAMA: Here in Maryland, a family of four making $60,000 a year could get covered for as little as $164 a month.
It's the same story across the country. In Texas, average 27- year-old making $25,000 could get covered for as little as $83 a month. In Florida, a family of four making $50,000 could get covered for as little as $104 a month.
And keep in mind, the government didn't set these prices. The insurance companies, they proposed these prices because they wanted to get in with these big groups, with all these new customers. The insurance companies are saying these marketplaces, this law will work. They're putting money on the line because they think it will work.
Competition, choice, transparency, all these things are keeping costs down. You know, knowing you can offer your family the security of health care, that's priceless. Now you can do it for the cost of your cable bill, probably less than your cellphone bill.
Think about that. Good health insurance for the price of your cellphone bill or less. And let's say -- let's say you're a young woman, you know, you just turned -- I'm interested in this, because I got two daughters, right? Let's say you just -- you just turned 26. Let's say you can't stay on your parents' plan anymore. If you buy health care through the marketplace, your plan has to cover free checkups, flu shots, contraceptive care, so you might end up getting more health care each month than you're paying for the premiums.
All told, nearly 6 in 10 Americans without health insurance today will be able to get covered for $100 or less. It would actually be 8 in 10 if every governor were working as hard as Governor O'Malley to make the Affordable Care Act work for their state (ph).
Unfortunately, we've still got a few Republican governors who are so opposed to the very idea of the law -- or at least they're doing it for politics -- that they haven't lifted a finger to help cover more people. Some of them have actually tried to harm the law before it takes effect.
But a lot of Republican governors are putting politics aside and doing the right thing. You've got -- you've got -- and they deserve congratulations for that. It wasn't easy for them. But, you know, you've got conservative governors in Ohio and Michigan and Pennsylvania and Arizona, you know, about eight Republican governors in all, they've decided to expand Medicaid through the Affordable Care Act to cover more people in their states. And millions of Americans without insurance will get coverage through these programs.
So that's what -- that's what the Affordable Care Act is. That's what all the fuss is about. We're giving more benefits and protections for folks who already have health insurance, and we created a new market -- basically, a big group plan -- for folks without health insurance so that they get a better deal, and then we're providing tax credits to help folks afford it.
You would think that would not be so controversial. You would think people would say, OK, let's go ahead, let's do this so everybody has health insurance coverage. The result is more choice, more competition, real health care security.
And -- and one question people ask, how's it possible to do all this and keep costs down? Well, part of what we did was build into the law all sorts of measures to -- to assure that the growth of health care costs would start slowing down, and it has. See, under the old system, doctors and hospitals, they were rewarded not for the quality of care, but for the quantity of care. They'd get paid for the number of procedures they did instead of whether they were working or not. Now there are penalties for hospitals with high readmission rates.
And last year, surprisingly enough, for the first time ever, hospital readmission rates for Medicare patients actually fell.
Right? That means fewer taxpayer dollars go to providers that don't serve their patients well.
Over the past five years, we've more than doubled the adoption of electronic health records for physicians, so that means they can track what's going on better and make fewer mistakes. New technology startup companies are coming up with new inventions to monitor patient health, prevent infections. There's innovation going on all across the country.
As a consequence, today, Medicare costs per enrollee are rising at the slowest rate in years. Employer-based health care costs are growing at about one-third the rate of a decade ago. All told, since I signed the Affordable Care Act into law, we have seen the slowest growth in health care costs on record.
All right. So let's think about this. If you've got health insurance, you're getting better protections, better benefits. If you don't have health insurance, you're now going to be part of a group plan. And health care costs overall are rising much more slowly than they did before we signed the law. So far, so good.
So what's all the fuss about? What -- what is it that everybody -- what is it that these Republicans are just so mad about?
Now, now, now, look, I -- I want to be honest. There are parts of the bill that some folks don't like. To help pay for the program, the wealthiest Americans, families who make more than $250,000 a year, will have to pay a little bit more. Extremely costly health insurance plans will no longer qualify for unlimited tax breaks. You know, and most people who can afford health insurance now have to take responsibility to buy health insurance or pay a penalty.
All right? Now, the reason we do that is, when uninsured people who can afford to get health insurance don't, and then they get sick or they get hit by a car, and they show up at the emergency room, who do you think pays for that? You do, in the form of higher premiums, because the hospitals, they've got to get their money back somehow, so if they're treating somebody who doesn't have health insurance, they jack up premiums for everybody who does have health insurance. It's like a hidden tax of $1,000 per family every year who's got health insurance.
So we're saying, well, that's not fair. If you can afford to get health insurance, don't dump the costs on us.
The law also requires employers with more than 50 employees to either provide health insurance for your workers or pay a penalty. Now, some folks say, well, that's not fair. But if you are an employer, you can afford to provide health insurance, you don't, your employees get sick, they go to the emergency room, or they end up on Medicaid because you're not doing what you're doing -- you should be doing, why is it everybody else should be bearing those costs?
Now, there are some folks who disagree with me on this. They say that violates people's liberty, telling them they've got to get health insurance. Well, I disagree. So did Congress when it passed this bill into law. It is unfair for folks to game the system and make the rest of us pay for it. It's unfair...
It's unfair for responsible employers, who are doing the right thing, giving their employees health insurance, to get undercut by some operator that's not providing health insurance for their employees. That puts the employer who's doing the right thing at a disadvantage, right?
So this idea that you've got responsibilities, everybody, that's what Massachusetts did when they passed their health care plan a few years ago. And, by the way, today in Massachusetts, almost everybody's covered and the system works pretty well. So...
(APPLAUSE) All right. Let me just wrap up by saying this. Like any law, like any big product launch, there are going to be some glitches as this thing unfolds. Folks in different parts of the country will have different experiences. It's going to be smoother in places like Maryland, where governors are working to implement it rather than fight it...
... but -- but somewhere around the country, there's going to be a computer glitch and the website's not working quite the way it's supposed to or something happens where there's some error made somewhere. That will happen. That -- that happens whenever you roll out a new program. And I guarantee you, the opponents of the law, they'll have their cameras ready to document anything that doesn't go completely right, and they'll send it to the news folks, and they'll say, "Look at this, this thing's not working."
But most of the stories you'll hear about how Obamacare just can't work is just not based on facts. Every time they have predicted something not working, it's worked.
I mean, they said that these rates would come in real high and everybody's premiums would be sky high. And it turns out, lo and behold, actually the prices came in lower than we expected, lower than I predicted. That's how well competition and choice work.
They said this would be a disaster in terms of jobs. There's no widespread evidence that the Affordable Care Act is hurting jobs. One of John McCain's former economic advisers admitted just this week -- and I'm quoting here -- "I was expecting to see it, I was looking for it, but it's not there. It's not there."
So the reason is, reforming health care's going to help the economy over the long term. Not only will it help lower costs for businesses, not only will it help families, it will free up entrepreneurship in this country, because if you've got a great idea for your own business, but you've never tried it because your spouse had a pre-existing condition and you didn't want to lose your employer-based coverage, you've got the ability now to get your own coverage. That's security. That's freedom.
So we're now only five days away from finishing the job.
(UNKNOWN): Five days!
OBAMA: Five days.
Starting on Tuesday, you can sign up. But you don't have to sign up on Tuesday. You've got six months to enroll in these new plans. You can go to the website, you can check it out, you can see if what I'm saying is true. You can sign up next week, you can sign up next month, you can sign up two months from now, three months from now, but you -- you can sign up. Tell your friends, tell your classmates, tell your family members about the new health care choices. Talk to folks at your church, in your classroom. You go into a football game, basketball game, talk to them. Tell them what the law means.
You know, over the next few months, state and local leaders from across the country are going to hold events to help get the word out. Go out there and join them. Secretary of Health and Human Services Kathleen Sebelius is in Texas right now working with folks on the ground to make sure this law works for Texas families. All across the country, people are getting ready. All kinds of people are working hand-in-hand, because we're all in this together. That's when America's at its best. That's what this country's all about. But we need you to spread the word.
But you don't have to take my word for it. If you talked to somebody who said, "Well, I don't know, I was watching Fox News and they said this is horrible."
And you -- and you can say, "You know what, don't take my word for it. Go on the website. See for yourself what the prices are. See for yourself what the choices are. Then make up your own mind." Just make -- that's all I'm asking. Make up your own mind.
I promise you, if you go on the website and it turns out you're going to save $100, $200, $300 a month on your insurance, or you'll be able to buy insurance for the first time, even if you didn't vote for me, I'll bet you'll sign up for that health care plan.
So -- so you don't -- you don't need to listen to the politicians. You don't need to listen to me. Just go check it out for yourself. Make up your own mind whether this works for you.
And part of -- look, part of the reason I need your help to make this law work is because there are so many people out there working to make it fail. You know, one of the biggest newspapers in the country recently published an editorial I thought was pretty good. They said the Republicans in Congress are poisoning Obamacare, then trying to claim it's sick.
That's exactly what's been happening. I mean, they have tried to put up every conceivable roadblock. They cut funding for efforts to educate people about what's in the law. Some of them said, if their constituents called them, we won't even try to explain to them what's in the law. They actually opened up an investigation into people who try to help churches and charities understand how to help people sign up for the law. Some of the Tea Party's biggest donors, some of the wealthiest men in America, are funding a cynical ad campaign trying to convince young people not to buy health care at all.
I mean, think about it. These are -- these are billionaires several times over. You know they've got good health care.
But they are actually spending money on television trying to convince young people that if you've got the choice between getting affordable health care or going without health care, you should choose not having any health care.
Now, do you think if you get sick or you get hurt and you get stuck with a massive bill, these same folks, they're going to help you out? Or are they going to pay for your health care?
It is interesting, though, how over the last couple years, the Republican Party has -- has just spun itself up around this issue. And the fact is, the Republicans' biggest fear at this point is not that Affordable Care Act will fail. What they're worried about is it's going to succeed.
I mean, think about it. If it was as bad as they said it was going to be, then they could just go ahead and let it happen, and then everybody would hate it so much, and then everybody would vote to repeal it, and that would be the end of it. So what is it that they're so scared about?
You know, they -- they have made such a big political issue out of this, trying to scare everybody with lies about death panels and killing Granny...
Right? I mean, that's -- Armageddon. So if it actually works, they'll look pretty bad. If it actually works, that will mean that everything they were saying really wasn't true and they were just playing politics.
Just the other day, one Republican in Congress said we need to shut this thing down before the marketplaces open and people get to see that they'll be getting coverage and getting these subsidies, because -- and -- and I'm going to quote him here -- he said, "It's going to prove almost impossible to undo Obamacare."
Right? So -- so, in other words, we've got to shut this thing down before people find out that they like it.
OBAMA: That's a strange argument. Don't you think that's a strange argument?
And the closer we get, the more desperate they get. I mean, over the last few weeks, the rhetoric has just been cranked up to a place I've never seen before. One congressman said that Obamacare is the most dangerous piece of legislation ever passed.