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Ex-Detective Exposes China's Torture Of Uyghur Prisoners; Uyghur Man Reveals Horrific Torture In Detention Camp; Whistleblower To Testify On Capitol Hill On Tuesday; Investigation Exposes Hidden Dealings Of World's Elite. Taiwan Reports New Record Incursion By Mainland Air Force; Aired 2-3a ET

Aired October 05, 2021 - 02:00:00   ET




ROSEMARY CHURCH, CNN INTERNATIONAL ANCHOR (on camera): Hello and welcome to our viewers joining us from all around the world. You are watching CNN NEWSROOM, and I'm Rosemary Church.

CHURCH (voice-over): Just ahead, a former Chinese security officer speaks out about his orders to arrest and torture ethnic Uighur Muslims. It is a CNN exclusive.

Meantime, a whistleblower in Washington will testify how Facebook put its profits above concerns for the public good.

And later, the French Catholic Church braces for a report revealing 1000s of its priests and clerics abuse minors for decades.

ANNOUNCER: Live from CNN Center, this is CNN NEWSROOM with Rosemary Church.

CHURCH (on camera): Good to have you with us.

Well, for nearly three years, CNN has been investigating allegations of gross human rights violations and a modern-day system of internment camps in China's Xinjiang region. China denies accusations from the U.S. State Department that Beijing detained up to 2 million ethnic Uyghurs and members of other minorities in internment camps there.

For the first time, CNN has interviewed a former member of the Chinese security forces, who says he was ordered to routinely arrest and torture Uighur detainees.

Senior international correspondent Ivan Watson is live in Hong Kong with this CNN exclusive.

Ivan, in this extraordinary report, you shine a light on what is indeed just an extraordinary situation for the Uyghur population. They talk to us about what can be achieved by doing this sort of a report, considering China has denied everything.

IVAN WATSON, CNN SENIOR INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT (on camera): I don't know what can be achieved, but we are trying to learn more -- we have been for years trying to learn more about what is happening in Xinjiang, where the allegations have been describing human rights abuses on an industrial scale that have all been denied by the Chinese government.

Now, here for the first time, we're hearing from one of the self- confessed perpetrators of this crackdown, a police detective from China, now in exile in Europe, who as you pointed out, confessed to not only detaining hundreds of Uyghurs, we later described as being innocent, but also described how he systematically tortured those detainees.

I have to repeat the warning to viewers that the descriptions here include graphic details about violence and sexual assault.


ABDUWELI AYUP, FORMER DETAINEE IN XINJIANG: Touch the electric stick here. And it's just like burning.

WATSON (voice-over): This is the story of a victim and his self- confessed torturer.

WATSON: (on camera): Do the police officers use electric batons to shock prisoners?

JIANG, FORMER CHINESE DETECTIVE: (through translator): Yes, everyone uses different methods.

WATSON (voice-over): For years, stories of arbitrary arrests, unspeakable cruelty, and mass internment camps have been trickling out of China's Xinjiang region. Testimonies from people like Abduweli Ayup.

WATSON (on camera): When you were detained in 2013, what was your main job?

AYUP: A kindergarten teacher.

WATSON (voice-over): Abduweli says police took him from his Uyghur language kindergarten.

AYUP: Put the black hood on my face and they put me in the -- this is the interrogation room, and inside the iron cage, there is a tiger chair. You're like wrist shackled there and you're like feet also shackled.

WATSON: He says police accused him of espionage, plotting against the Chinese government, and the crime of separatism, and they demanded a confession.

AYUP: You just confess, you just admit but you have done. It's good for you.

WATSON: Now, for the very first time, CNN has spoken to a former Chinese police officer who claims his job was to arrest and extract confessions from ethnic Uighurs in Xinjiang.

JIANG: Some cops would play the good cops, and some would play the bad cops. After we beat them, we'd offer them a cigarette.

WATSON (on camera): Did you have to be the bad cop sometimes?

JIANG: Of course.

WATSON (voice-over): The man who asks to be called Jiang, says he worked more than 10 years as a cop before fleeing China, after growing disillusioned with the ruling Communist Party. I met him in a European country. He wore his police uniform to authenticate his story. But does not want to be identified to protect himself and relatives who are still in China.


WATSON (on camera): To prove that he was a Chinese police officer, Jiang is showing me many photos of different police badges, training certificates, even portraits of his graduating class at police academy, images that we cannot show on television because they would reveal his identity.

WATSON (voice-over): Jiang says he was sent from his home province to work in Xinjiang at least three times during which he was ordered to arrest hundreds of suspects, all of them ethnic Uighurs.

WATSON (on camera): How were the interrogations being conducted?

JIANG: Beat them, kick them. Beat them bruised and swollen, knock their heads on the radiator. Police would step on the suspects' face and tell him to confess.

WATSON (voice-over): Jiang says some suspects were as young as 14, and all of the detainees were beaten.

WATSON (on camera): Were the suspects all men?

JIANG: Men and women.

WATSON: Did you witness women being beaten?


WATSON (voice-over): CNN cannot independently confirm Jian's allegations, nor those of Abduweli, the kindergarten teacher who says in addition to beatings, he was raped on his first night of detention by Chinese prisoners who followed the orders of prison guards.

AYUP: It's really bad.

WATSON (on camera): This was prisoners who sexually assaulted you?

AYUP: Yes, they're prisoners.

WATSON: More than one. AYUP: More than one. It's -- yes, look, just -- first of all, they surrounded me, and the police there ordered me to like take off my underwear and like the -- like that.

WATSON: And bend over.

AYUP: Bend over. Don't do this. Don't do this. I cried. Please don't do this. And then, like one of -- I don't know, just hold my hand like this.

WATSON (voice-over): Jiang, the police officer who fled China describes in graphic detail methods of sexual torture that he says police officers used.

JIANG: If you want people to confess, you use the electric baton. We would tie two electrical wires on the tips and set the wires on their genitals while the person is tied up. The result is better.

WATSON: He also says police sometimes ordered prisoners to sexually assault detainees.

JIANG: We call it an in-prison investigation.

WATSON: The Chinese government insists it is battling violent extremism in Xinjiang. Beijing also denies any human rights abuses whatsoever are being committed there.

ZHAO LIJIAN, SPOKESPERSON, CHINESE FOREIGN MINISTRY (through translator): I want to reiterate that the so-called genocide in Xinjiang is nothing but a rumor backed by ulterior motives and an outright lie.

WATSON: But Jiang, the whistleblower cop says he got double his normal salary to join tens of thousands of other police sent to Xinjiang as part of the government crackdown.

WATSON (on camera): How many of the people that you arrested in Xinjiang, do you think were actually violent extremists?

JIANG: None.


JIANG: Xinjiang is not a war zone. And those people are our fellow citizens, not foreign enemies.

WATSON: If you didn't carry out the arrest, what would happen to you?

JIANG: Then I would be arrested as well, because that means, I, too, am a part of a terrorist organization. I become their enemy.

WATSON (voice-over): Abduweli says after 15 months in detention, he confessed to illegal fundraising and was released. He later fled China. Since then, he said several of his relatives have been detained, including his niece, Mihray.

WATSON (on camera): Where was your niece held?

AYUP: The same detention facility I stayed. I don't know how she died. I don't even know. She is the -- she is the first one I hold. She is the first baby I hold in my life. She's just like my daughter.

WATSON (voice-over): In response to Britain questions from CNN, the Xinjiang government denies that Mihray died in detention. Saying the 30-year-old woman instead died of organ failure due to severe anemia after being treated in a hospital, after suffering from an unknown illness.

The Chinese government did not respond to written questions concerning allegations made by the former police officer.

Abduweli now lives in Norway with his family and publishes children's books written in Uyghur. He insists he can forgive the men who jailed and tortured him.

AYUP: I don't hate them because all of them, victim of that system.


WATSON (on camera): if you met one of these prisoners, what would you say to them?

JIANG: I'm scared. I would leave immediately.


JIANG: How do I face these people? You'd feel guilty. Even if you're just a soldier, you're still responsible for what happened? Yes, you need to execute orders. But so many people did this thing together. We are responsible for this.


WATSON: I want to share some more details of what this police detective shared with me during our long interview. He says that he was an enthusiastic volunteer when he was first called up to travel from his province in mainland China to deploy in Xinjiang that he believed he was going to be protecting his country, fulfilling a patriotic duty fighting against violent terrorists.

It didn't hurt, of course, that he was getting double his normal salary, and that there was also the possibility he says of getting a promotion through the assignment. Subsequently, he says that he was kind of stunned at the level of abuse that he confessed to participating in, and as he mentioned in this report, he was afraid to speak out because then he feared that he too, could be accused of being a traitor.

And here is a very important distinction that he made. He said that back home in his province, these types of torture and beatings in police stations had been routine, he claims in the 1990s, but largely cleaned up since then, with the introduction of security cameras in police stations. And that these types of beatings would only come -- occur in rare instances against repeat offenders. That's again in his home province.

The scale of the abuse in Xinjiang, was far, far beyond anything he had previously seen before and helped contribute, he says, to the disgust, he feels.

One final detail, both survivors of the detentions and the alleged torture that I've interviewed, and this police officer all share one trait. None of them can sleep at night, they tell me, because of the sheer trauma that they have experienced, and in this man's case, participated in. Rosemary.

CHURCH: They are shocking revelations. We thank you Ivan Watson for that CNN exclusive report.

Well, a former Facebook employee turned whistleblower says the company knows it's harming society, and is hiding the research that proves it to protect its profits.

Frances Haugen is scheduled to testify to Congress in the coming hours and has handed over internal documents to prove her claims. Adding to the company's problems, Facebook was forced to apologize on Monday for a massive outage that shut out its nearly 3 billion users, including its Instagram and WhatsApp platforms.

Services have slowly returned to normal. Facebook blames the problem on a faulty configuration change, and says there is no evidence that user data was compromised.

Meantime, CNN's Brian Stelter has more on how, how -- on Haugen's upcoming testimony, and Facebook's response to her allegations.


FRANCES HAUGEN, FACEBOOK WHISTLEBLOWER: It was substantially worse at Facebook than anything I'd seen before.

BRIAN STELTER, CNN CHIEF MEDIA CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Frances Haugen is preparing to testify under oath.

HAUGEN: It is subsidizing, is paying for its profits with our safety.

STELTER: Bringing her explosive comments on "60 minutes" to a Capitol Hill audience.

SEN. RICHARD BLUMENTHAL (D-CT): A whistleblower approached my office to provide information about Facebook and Instagram.

STELTER: That whistleblower was Haugen. But she says she's not out to destroy the company, she wants to save it. Her warnings are dire.

HAUGEN: Facebook's own research says, it is not just that Instagram is dangerous for teenagers that are harms teenagers, is that it is distinctly worse than other forms of social media.

STELTER: Haugen providing internal research to back up her claims and lodging complaints with the SEC. JOHN TYE, ATTORNEY FOR FRANCES HAUGEN: Lying to investors.

STELTER: Her attorney John Tye suggesting Facebook could be legally vulnerable.

TYE: Everything from how much hate speech is removed from the platform to some of the very serious problems that they've had expanding user demographics.

STELTER: Now, Facebook is aggressively defending itself, calling many of Haugen's claims misleading. And saying users benefit from its services. A sharp contrast to Haugen who makes it sound like a toxic swamp.

HAUGEN: People enjoy engaging with things that elicit and emotional reaction. And the more anger that they get exposed to, the more they interact, the more they consume.

STELTER: A global problem causing a vicious cycle of poisonous politics. Facebook V.P. Nick Clegg, however, saying advertisers don't want anything to do with that. So, neither does Facebook.


NICK CLEGG, VICE PRESIDENT FOR GLOBAL AFFAIRS AND COMMUNICATIONS, FACEBOOK: We have absolutely no commercial incentive, no moral incentive, no company-wide incentive to do anything other than try and give the maximum number of people as much of a positive experience as possible. And that is what we do day in, day out.

STELTER: Facebook's Global Head of Safety Antigone Davis, calling into CNBC to defend the company and try to reassure investors. Saying Facebook wants to be regulated.

ANTIGONE DAVIS, GLOBAL HEAD OF SAFETY, FACEBOOK: It's one of the things that we have been pushing for.

STELTER: Haugen also says regulation is the answer.

HAUGEN: I'm hoping that this will had a big enough impact on the world, that they get the fortitude and the motivation to actually go put those regulations into place.


STELTER (on camera): So, that is Haugen's goal and she lays it out in her prepared testimony for the Senate obtained by CNN, she says Congress can change the rules Facebook plays by and stop the harm it is causing.

There is certainly bipartisan interest in these social media problems. But whether there can be bipartisan solutions or agreement on what to do, well, that's a very open question heading into this hearing. Back to you.

CHURCH: Thanks to that report. Well, there's been swift reaction to a report exposing the hidden financial dealings of some of the world's wealthy elite. The so-called Pandora Papers investigation done by an international group of journalists gives an eye-opening look at how hundreds of politicians, public officials, billionaires, and celebrities hide their assets and, in some cases, allegedly evade taxes.

CNN's Matthew Chance has the details.


GERARD RYLE, DIRECTOR, INTERNATIONAL CONSORTIUM OF INVESTIGATIVE JOURNALISTS: This is the Pandora Papers, because we think we're opening a box on a lot of things.

MATTHEW CHANCE, CNN SENIOR INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): It's one of the world's biggest ever leaks of financial documents. Nearly 12 million private files, exposing the secret wealth of world leaders, billionaires, and celebrities, and crucially where it stashed.

RYLE: These documents, for the very first time, is actually showing the U.S. as a tax haven itself.

ABDULLAH II, KING OF JORDAN: Acts collectively in facing this --

CHANCE: Among the most high-profile is King Abdullah of Jordan, whose nation benefits from hundreds of millions of dollars every year in international aid, including from the United States.

The Pandora Papers allege the king funneled more than $100 million into 14 luxury homes in Britain and the U.S., including three mansions in Malibu overlooking the Pacific coast.

In a written statement, the Jordanian royal court said the allegations included inaccuracies and distorted the facts. Saying, these properties are not publicized out of security and privacy concerns are not out of secrecy or an attempt to hide them.

Other leaders like the Czech prime minister facing elections this week are under more immediate pressure. He says allegations he secretly bought a lavish estate on the French Riviera by moving $22 million through offshore shell companies with time to damage his campaign.

"I have never done anything unlawful or bad," he tweeted in response. "But that does not prevent them from trying to slander me again and to influence the Czech parliamentary elections," he added.

RYLE: We're talking about some of the most famous people in the world that are in these documents. Presidents, prime ministers.

CHANCE: Most of the transactions detailed in the papers are not illegal, but some of the figures named are no strangers to allegations of corruption.

For instance, the Pandora Papers contains documents linking the Russian President Vladimir Putin to a multi-million dollar property in Monaco to lobby pictured here bought for a woman with whom is alleged to have had an affair and a child.

The Kremlin refuses to comment on Putin's private life, saying it's never heard of the woman concerned. And on the Pandora allegations, Putin spokesman told reporters they were unsubstantiated and would not be investigated further.

LAKSHMI KUMAR, DIRECTOR, GLOBAL FINANCIAL INTEGRITY POLICY: The financial centers of the world, like the U.S., Europe -- leaders are able to funnel and siphon money away and hide it in these jurisdictions, through the use of anonymous companies.

CHANCE: Of course, it's not just politicians implicated in the Pandora Papers, top business figures, even music icons like Shakira, who denies any wrongdoing have also had private financial dealings exposed in the data release, shedding light on the secret assets of the super- rich. Matthew Chance, CNN, Moscow.


CHURCH: Beijing intensifies its pressure on Taiwan, sending a record number of warplanes near the island.

CHURCH (voice-over): But Taiwan's Air Force sends a blunt counter- message on Facebook. That's coming up.


CHURCH: And troops are hauling fuel to petrol stations in the U.K., but Britain's not out of the woods yet why more unintended consequences of Brexit could lie ahead. We'll take a look.


CHURCH (on camera): Taiwan says it needs to keep its guard up against what it calls over the top military moves by Beijing. The statement came from the island's premier who spoke after yet another incursion by the mainland's air force.

Taiwan says at least 56 warplanes flew into its air defense identification zone on Monday, a new record. But we're also learning the U.S. and its allies have been flexing their own military muscle in the Pacific.

So, let's turn now for the latest to our Will Ripley, he joins us live from Taipei. Good to see you, Will. So, how big a threat does this pose for the region as both China and Taiwan appear to engage in this dangerous game of brinkmanship?

WILL RIPLEY, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT (on camera): Yes, you know, the Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen wrote for Foreign Affairs, Rosemary, that this is not just what's at stake for Taiwan or even the region but the world.

She portrayed in this -- in this -- in this opinion piece that she wrote, Taiwan being kind of at the crossroads of this fight between democracy and authoritarian governments.

And, of course, because Taiwan and the mainland are tied with, you know, thousands of years of Chinese history and culture, and they speak the same language.

RIPLEY (voice-over): She looks at this as really a flashpoint that could set the tone for the 21st century, in terms of what model what system is going to meet the demands of our future.

RIPLEY (on camera): Is it going to be Beijing with censorship and lack of human rights and accusations of genocide and taking away people's democracy, whether it be in Hong Kong or potentially here in Taiwan if Beijing were to take this island back.

And so, when there are these aerial incursions, and we had -- we've now had 149 or so planes that have entered Taiwan's self-declared air defense identification zone just sent Sunday.

RIPLEY (voice-over): The President Tsai Ing-wen says there's just much more at stake here, and the same message is being repeated by Taiwan's premier.


SU TSENG-CHANG, TAIWAN PREMIER (through translator): Taiwan definitely needs to be on alert. China is increasingly over the top. The world has also seen China's repeated violations of regional peace and pressure on Taiwan.


RIPLEY (on camera): President Tsai said that Taiwan falling would be catastrophic for the world, for democracy as a whole, and it is -- it is part of an escalating pattern that we've seen. That's why you have the Taiwanese Air Force putting out propaganda videos like this one over the weekend.


RIPLEY (voice-over): This video when faced with our enemy's -- the message of this video, when faced with our enemy's aggression and provocation, we will never compromise.

Obviously, they're trying to show that they will push back if they feel that China makes any sort of move on this island.

RIPLEY (on camera): But most analysts feel that these aerial incursions are far more about propaganda, and even political warfare than actually threatening some sort of escalation. But there's a lot that could go wrong, a lot of miscalculation that could be possible. This was a warning that was put out over the weekend by the U.S. State Department.

And it's not just China that has military assets in the region -- in larger numbers right now. You have the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, engaging is -- in various naval drills in the region as some of the images of these ships, you know, flying different flags being posted and shared on Twitter and other social media.

And so this is just as much a war of imagery, a war of rhetoric. It's not -- it's not a -- it's not a war of military conflict, Rosemary, but of course, the big concern is that this could all be headed there. If something goes wrong.

CHURCH: Is, of course, the big worry. Will Ripley joining us live from Taipei, many thanks.

Well, the British military is rolling up their sleeves, pitching in and making deliveries as the U.K. enters the second week of a fuel crisis. A shortage of drivers and workers has led to supply chain problems, not just for motorists, but also in food production, hospitality, and social care services.

As Anna Stewart reports, things may be improving for now, but expect more disruptions ahead.

ANNA STEWART, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): It's become an all too familiar site, no fuel. The U.K.'s fuel crisis is now into its second week. The military has stepped in to help, 200 members of the armed forces were deployed Monday to help get fuel to the filling stations that need it.

STEWART (on camera): The crisis is easing, but it's certainly not over yet, particularly here in London, and the southeast of England where, according to a survey by the Petrol Retailers Association, one in five filling stations were empty on Monday morning.

STEWART (voice-over): After a morning delivery, this one is back open for business, and the line is long.


UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Probably takes about an hour, an hour and a half to find a petrol station is open.

STEWART: Is it getting better?

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: No. This is the only one I've found. I haven't found anywhere else.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: And I've been to other stations. But, thank God this one has something.

STEWART: A shortage of truck drivers in the U.K. is nothing new. It's been worsening for years. But it's been exacerbated by the pandemic and Brexit, which prompted an exodus of European workers.

The government has issued 5,000 temporary visas for foreign truck drivers. But British Prime Minister Boris Johnson doesn't think immigration is the answer.

BORIS JOHNSON, PRIME MINISTER OF THE UNITED KINGDOM: When people voted for change in 2016, when people voted for change again in 2019, as they did, they voted for the end of a broken model of the U.K. economy that relied on low wages and low skill and chronic low productivity. And we're moving away from that.

STEWART: It's not a short-term fix but Britain's broken supply chains, which means further shortages can be expected in the months ahead.

Anna Stewart, CNN, London.


CHURCH: And still to come, a survivor describes the tsunami of victims ahead of a new report on sexual abuse within the French Catholic Church. Details of that report next.

Plus, a key airline group makes a major climate commitment. Why one top executive says it's time for his industry to make changes, and why others need to follow suit?




CHURCH: A new report on abuses within the French catholic church is expected to be released shortly. The investigation by an independent commission says there were as many as 3,200 pedophile clergymen in the church over the past 70 years. The Probe which began more than two years ago includes of abuse back to the 1950s.

CNN's Cyril Vanier, joining us, live from Paris. So, Cyril, what all is expected to be revealed in this report, and how will the French catholic church likely respond?

CYRIL VANIER, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Rosemary, this report really is about investigating and revealing the size scope and scale of abuse within the catholic church dating back to 1950. This is unprecedented in terms of how far the investigation has gone, how far back and the number of victims it is likely to reveal. We know -- we believe that a number of victims will run in the thousands.

Now, the report will be released in the coming hours. So, we'll have more on that. But already, as you said, up to 3,200 pedophiles have worked within the ranks of the catholic church since 1950. That number alone, a bombshell number, Rosemary.

The report really aims to establish the size of this problem. And they are looking -- they had access, the investigators, at the church's archives at criminal records. They are also polling the French population to know just how big this was so that this never again be swept under the rug as a catholic church has done for multiple decades.

Now, as to how the church is going to respond, they know this is going to be a landmark moment for them. It is important to note that the report has not been done in spite of the church because they are the ones who actually commissioned this., the bishops of France, the leadership of the French catholic church want to know how big this problem in this. They have told CNN that this is going to "change everything." Rosemary.

CHURCH: All right. Cyril Vanier, bringing us the very latest there live from Paris. Many thanks.

And still to come, why feminism is becoming a dirty word in South Korea. We will take a look at the country's long simmering gender battles now threatening to boil over. Back with that in a moment.



CHURCH: Welcome back, everyone.

Well, a long simmering gender war is reaching fever pitch in South Korea. Feminist and gender equality movements have been gaining ground there in recent years. But they are being met with a rising tide of anti-feminist backlash. CNN's Paula Hancocks reports from Seoul.


PAULA HANCOCKS, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): These feminist movements around the world lobby for equality and women's rights. South Korea is no exception. What is different here is the fast- growing power of the anti-feminist movement. A male dominated society with a poor record on women's rights. Things were starting to improve, but now, a male backlash is on the rise.

Bae IngGyu is the leader of New Men's Solidarity, a group that organizes rallies to denouncing feminist as misandrists, hating men. He has more than 370,000 subscribers to his YouTube channel. A target of numerous complaints, claiming he was inciting violence. His account has been shut down by YouTube more than once for harassment.

Last month, he heckled a feminist rally dressed as the Joker, spraying them with a water gun. While being filmed for his livestream he shouts --

BAE INGGYU, LEADER, NEW MEN'S SOLIDARITY (through translator): I'm going to some insects. Insects are in the air.

HANCOCKS (voiceover): Later, and a live stream saying --

INGGYU (through translator): Wake up people, ask why they're using use nonexistent misogyny to men and women hate each other. Lawmakers are making crazy laws to send Korean men to jail on women's false accusations.

HANCOCKS (voiceover): Despite this and more extreme livestream statements, Bae denies harassment, claiming, he supports women's rights, but not feminists in South Korea. INGGYU (through translator): The Joker, as you may know from the movie, is a character filled with joy and sorrow who was suppressed, bullied and silenced by the world. I dress like him and want empathy from the public.

HANCOCKS (voiceover): The leader of the feminist group, Haeil, targeted by Bae, say some of her members have had therapy for fever trauma, after the Joker incident.

JIM JU-HEE, FOUNDER OF TEAM HAEIL FEMINIST GROUP: Anti-feminists have shared, organized and empowered their words in the internet community. Now, they think they are right because the numbers are in the hundreds of thousands.

HANCOCKS (voiceover): Kim also worries about the courting of the anti-feminist vote in politics ahead of a presidential election saying, many women are too scared to admit to being a feminist these days for fear of discrimination at work or in their personal lives.

JU-HEE (through translator): Rather than the originally thought that there is discrimination against women, phrases like, it is more unfair for men, where there is no misogyny began to rise in the public domain.

HANCOCKS (voiceover): A 2019 report, published by Korean Women's Development Institute judges they have a half of men in their 20s surveyed said they were anti-feminist. Sentiments now evident in mainstream politics. The new leader of the opposition Peoples Power Party is 36 years old. The youngest conservative party leader ever. He says, young women in Korea no longer faced under discrimination and blames "radical feminists" for stirring gender conflict.

Recently, he called for abolishing the Ministry of Gender Equality for wasting taxpayer money. One anti-feminist argument of an uneven playing field is that men have to do a near two-year mandatory military service but women do not.

CHEONG WAN-YUL, ANALYST AND AUTHOR (through translator): Young men do feel they are discriminated against. They feel their opportunities and middle-class jobs are disappearing. However, their focus is all wrong. They claim that their problems are because of women and this situation worries me.

HANCOCKS (voiceover): A soon to be published survey by Hankerk (ph) Research found that the number one priority of men looking for a wife is no longer income or education level but a woman's feelings on feminism. Further signs feminism really has become a dirty word in South Korea.

Paula Hancocks, CNN, Seoul.



CHURCH: Pope Francis has rallied faith leaders from around the world to push for action on climate change. Ahead of next month's U.N. climate change conference, the pope and 40 other religious leaders signed an appeal for international cooperation to tackle the growing crisis. They're calling for net zero carbon emissions across the globe for governments to move to clean energy and for wealthier countries to help others struggling to address climate change.

The global airline industry is setting an ambitious climate target, net zero carbon emissions within the next 30 years. The announcement came during this year's meeting of the International Air Transport Association. The group's director general set down with CNN's Richard Quest to discuss the industry's new goal and he says other industries also need to step up.


WILLIE WALSH, DIRECTOR GENERAL, INTERNATIONAL AIR TRANSPORT ASSOCIATION: We have to be in a position to represent the industry and to represent the industry, the industry has to have a credible position that is aligned to the Paris Agreement, that is aligned to what people expect as a minimum that you will achieve net zero by 2050.

RICHARD QUEST, CNN BUSINESS HOST: People still believe this is a major polluter, the major problem and you can fast (ph) around with SAFs and can you can this, that and the other, but you still find the same planes and the same airports and the same procedures.

WALSH: What we have to do as airlines is we've got to demand better performance from others. We've got to demand that the fuel companies commit to developing sustainable aviation fuels. They have talked about it for years. We've not seen enough action. We've got to demand that the manufacturers, Boeing, Airbus, G.E., (INAUDIBLE), Rolls Royce, we have to have accelerated technology. And we've got to demand that air traffic control systems sort themselves out.

QUEST: You've demanded from the fuel, you've demanded from the OEMs, you've demanded from the governments, there's a lot of demands here. What do the airlines have to do?

WALSH: But we are doing at, and that's the issue. And these others, we call them partners in the industry, they have stood back and said, you know, this will be achieved by the airlines. It will only be achieved by the airlines if they are all performing at the highest possible level.


CHURCH: The association represents nearly 300 airlines around the world, which account for 80 percent of total air traffic.

Well, this year's Nobel prize in physiology or medicine goes to the scientists who discovered how we feel heat and pressure. David Julius, seen here, on the left, and Ardem Patapoutian used things like menthol and chili peppers to research the bodies hot and cold receptors. And their discoveries are being used to find treatments for many conditions, including chronic pain. Julius says, their work is crucial given the opioid crisis. As scientists look to develop new pain killers that are less addictive with fewer side effects. The winner of the Nobel prize in physics will be announced in just a few hours.

Thank you so much for joining us. I'm Rosemary Church. I'll be back in 15 minutes. World Sport is up next.