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U.K. Commits Big Money for Climate Financing; Tigrayan Forces Near Ethiopian Capital; How to Pay for Climate Crisis Proposals; U.S. Children 5-11 Getting Pfizer COVID-19 Vaccine; Australian Girl Found; Alarm Bells for Democrats after Tuesday Election; E.U. Foreign Policy Chief Calls Nicaragua Elections "Fake"; China's Crackdown Year. Aired 10-11a ET

Aired November 03, 2021 - 10:00   ET




ELENI GIOKOS, CNNMONEY CORRESPONDENT: A dangerous situation unfolding right now in Ethiopia. Tigrayan forces on the outskirts of the capital,

Addis Ababa, and there is a nationwide state of emergency.

COP26 leaders made plenty of promises to address the climate crisis but who will pay for them?

Britain's finance minister some ambitious ideas and will be live in Glasgow.

And "Our family is whole again" after a dramatic search and rescue for a missing 4-year-old girl. Now she's reunited with her parents in Australia.


GIOKOS: It is 6:00 pm in Dubai. I'm Eleni Giokos, in for Becky Anderson. Hello and welcome to CONNECT THE WORLD.

I'm connecting you to developments in Ethiopia. Diplomatic sources say Tigrayan forces are on the outskirts of the capital and we're being told

whether or not they move depends in part on the position of the United States.

This comes one day after the Ethiopian government announced a nationwide state of emergency. Both sides are coming in for heavy criticism. The U.N.

is slamming atrocities uncovered in a joint investigation. The report looks at the toll on civilians, starting from last November, when the armed

conflict began. Take a listen.


MICHELLE BACHELET, U.N. HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS: We have reasonable grounds to believe that, during this period, all parties to the

Tigray conflict have committed violations of international human rights, humanitarian and refugee law. Some of this may amount to war crimes and

crimes against humanity.

(INAUDIBLE) in Tigray have been subject to brutal violence and suffering.


GIOKOS: The U.S. embassy in Ethiopia is just out with an advisory, saying not to travel to the country. CNN's Larry Madowo is in neighboring Kenya.

This U.N. report saying that both sides have committed atrocities. This is one year on.

What else stands out in the investigation?

LARRY MADOWO, CNN CORRESPONDENT: This report says there was extreme brutality in that sixth-month period, maybe seven, eight months. This

report covers between 3rd November 2020 until the end of June, when Ethiopia declared a unilateral cease-fire.

That's no longer in place and the Ethiopia military is carrying out airstrikes, hitting some targets in Mekelle, and, at the same time, the

officials of the Tigrayan fighters say they are likely going to march into the capital. So much so this has left some paranoia in Addis Ababa and,

yesterday, Ethiopia declared a nationwide state of emergency. That's how serious this is. This

However, report does not go as far as critics feared, atrocities CNN has reported on, other media outlets, killings that bear the hallmarks of

genocide. That did not come up. Listen to the chair of the Ethiopian human rights commission.


DANIEL BEKELE, EHRC CHIEF COMMISSIONER: The standard of proof we have adopted for such a human rights investigation is a lower threshold than is

normally required in a criminal investigation.

So on the basis of the collectively gathered and collectively analyzed information and evidence we have, the violations we have identified may

amount to crimes against humanity or war crimes and a number of other violations but not genocide.


MADOWO: The office of Abiy Ahmed has responded to the report, welcoming it and saying the joint investigation team findings have clearly established

the claim of genocide as false and utterly lacking of any factual basis.

It goes on to say the report concluded the often repeated allegation that the government used hunger as a weapon of war is without merit.

So the Ethiopian government finding some positive in this report. While damming it doesn't go to the extent of genocide, which is something of a

victory for them. However, what happens next if there is to be an internationally led investigation, we will have to wait and see.

GIOKOS: Yes. So what I'm also trying to understand here -- and CNN sources have, of course, told us that the Tigrayan forces on the outskirts of Addis

Ababa and whether they move or not has to do with the stance of the U.S.


GIOKOS: And the U.S. has threatened sanctions.

What more do we know about this?

MADOWO: We know now that the U.S. special envoy for the Horn of Africa will be this Thursday and Friday. He was initially refused a visit a

Ethiopia as recently as last month. It seems that's not changed. We don't know if he'll be meeting with the prime minister or some members of his


But this is a key development. The fact that this conflict is still over, not just from Tigray but now into neighboring regionals of Afar and Amhara

and there is recently the fighters of Tigray say they have taken two key towns of Dessi (ph) and one other one.

And they could be advancing into Addis Ababa is a key development we're watching closely. The U.S. is telling Americans in Ethiopia to consider

leaving and if you're going to fly into Ethiopia, they say consider not going at all.

GIOKOS: Larry, thank you very much for those insights.

All right. So when the Ethiopian prime minister received the Nobel Peace Prize in 2019, he was lauded as a regional peacemaker. Now he's presiding

over a conflict.

What happened?

We have a great explainer for you on the CNN app or, at a laptop, head to

Promises have been made, speeches given, now the COP26 climate summit in Scotland gets down to business. Today is the money day and the day where

nations start to figure out how to pay for all those proposals that are aimed at urgently addressing the climate crisis.

Britain's finance minister is thinking big. He laid out plans to turn the U.K. into the world's first net zero financial center, part of a global

$130 trillion pledge to go green. Listen to this.


RISHI SUNAK, U.K. CHANCELLOR OF THE EXCHEQUER: I can announce that the United Kingdom will commit 100 million pounds to the task force on access

to climate finance, making it quicker and easier for developing countries to access the finance they need.

And we're supporting a new capital markets mechanism, which will issue billions of new green bonds here in the U.K. to fund renewable energy in

developing countries.


GIOKOS: All right. The summit moved forward Tuesday with several major developments, the biggest around 100 nations signing on to a global pledge

to cut methane emissions by 30 percent by 2030.

China, the world's biggest polluter, saying it is not resisting the Paris Accords target of limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees above

preindustrial levels. A change from before. And leaders from dozens of nations most vulnerable to the effects of climate change are making

emotional pleas for rich nations to help them go green. Here is the president of Palau.


SURANGEL WHIPPS JR., PRESIDENT OF PALAU: Frankly speaking, there is no dignity to a slow and painful death. You might as well bomb our islands

instead of making us suffer only to witness our slow and fateful demise. Leaders of the G20, we are drowning and our only hope is the life ring you

are holding.


GIOKOS: CNN chief climate correspondent Bill Weir is in Glasgow right now.

Hearing the emotional pleas and hearing from small island nations, from emerging economies that have not been part of the crisis that we are in

right now and, of course, carbon emissions have been part of what the richer economies, the industrialized economies, have been doing for over

100 years, now have a big price tag.

How is that gap being closed by the richer nations that have the resources to ensure that that money is faulted to the emerging economies?

BILL WEIR, CNN CHIEF CLIMATE CORRESPONDENT: Well, it's not yet, although there are lots of promises. But as mom used to say, a promise and a pound

will get you a cup of coffee.

It's not just small island, low lying island nations like Palau that have to worry about the threat but it's huge nations like Nigeria. Lagos could

be under water if things don't change. They're an oil rich nation so they don't have the luxury of waiting around for new battery technology, unless

the developed world steps up in a huge way.

Today the United States tried to put some teeth behind Joe Biden's promise on the deforestation piece. They will introduce legislation to set aside a

$9 billion trust fund for developing nations, to help them stop cutting down forests and grow new ones. That has to pass.

A lot of Republicans support planting a trillion trees in the next decade or so.


WEIR: But really, it comes down to the fundamentals of our financial system. No oil or coal CEO is incentivized by the oil they don't drill or

the coal they don't dig. The science is clear. Greta Thunberg rose to fame by just saying it in plain terms, humanity must stop using fuels that burn


And no country here is talking about the fundamentals of how that will happen or when that can happen.

GIOKOS: Yes, that's really interesting, because you've got oil producing economies saying they're trying to diversify their countries away from oil

and gas but what they're not committing to is to actually stop production. So there is a distinction to be made between diversifying your energy mix

versus the production and consumption of fossil fuels.

Has that been discussed at all?

WEIR: No, not with any real seriousness just because it seems so unfathomable. You know, the reaction to the promise you heard from the

U.K., 450 financial organizations and 45 countries, saying they will try for net zero. But a lot of that, you got to figure, is creative accounting

with offsets.

We can still invest in an oil project in the North Sea as long as we put some money into solar panels somewhere else. And that ultimately won't get

us out of the problem.

Now there is a big divestment movement happening, from American universities to Ireland, getting money out of oil companies and at the same

time private equity trying to make a quick buck betting on old fossil fuels. So there is a long way to go.

GIOKOS: Yes, absolutely. And I'm sure a lot of discussions before we actually see action. Thank you, Bill, for that update.

Britain's prime minister opened the COP26 summit with a plea to other world leaders to defuse the bomb of climate change. Boris Johnson told our

Christiane Amanpour why he believes it's so important to sound the alarm bells on the climate crisis before it's too late.


BORIS JOHNSON, U.K. PRIME MINISTER: I think you've got to be doom and gloom and you've got to remain doom and gloom until we have fixed this

thing. This is a massive problem.

I thought that David Attenborough's presentation yesterday morning was absolutely spellbinding because he set out for everyone to understand so

clearly the link between the rise in carbon, the percent of the proportion of carbon in the world's atmosphere and the rise in temperatures.

And you can see that link over thousands of years. And then suddenly you see this spike in carbon and you see the beginnings of the rise in

temperature. And you know what is going to come. And you can see the risk to the planet.

And so the threat is huge. I think it's been very humbling, really, to listen to some of the testimonies from countries like Bangladesh or the

Maldives, the Seychelles, people who are in the front line.

Are we starting to inch forward at COP?

Yes, I think that arguably we are. And I think that, in some important ways, you're seeing some good commitments on trees, on forests, which is

very important for tackling climate change. You'll see some important contributions on accelerating the movement away from coal.


GIOKOS: And be sure to watch "AMANPOUR" later on CNN with Christiane's guest, U.S. Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen, who is in Glasgow at 6:00 pm

in the U.K., 10:00 pm in the UAE.

It's a moment millions of American parents have been waiting for. Children in the U.S. are starting to receive the first doses of Pfizer's COVID-19

vaccine for kids ages vaccine for kids ages 5 to 11.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration authorized the drug last week for emergency use. On Tuesday, the U.S. CDC director endorsed an advisory

board's recommendation to vaccinate those children. That cleared the way for shots to start going into young arms.

Senior medical correspondent Elizabeth Cohen joins me live.

Good to see you, Elizabeth. Tell us about the White House's plan to distribute these vaccines.

ELIZABETH COHEN, CNN SR. MEDICAL CORRESPONDENT: Good to see you, too. So the White House weeks ago came out with a plan to distribute the vaccine,

even though it hadn't been authorized by the Food and Drug Administration. They wanted to get ahead of the game.

They probably had in mind the chaotic rollout for adults in December and January.


COHEN: It really got off to a rocky start and they didn't want that to happen this time. Let's take a look at some of the places where children

will be getting vaccines in the United States.

Pediatricians' offices will be a main place. Pediatricians' offices, unlike adult doctors' offices, are very accustomed to giving vaccines every day

and ordering them and giving them and also pharmacies.

And children really haven't gotten shots a lot in pharmacies in the U.S. and I think that will change with COVID. Children's hospitals, schools,

other locations as well, like urgent care centers, community health centers.

And so they've tried to spread it out to a real variety of places. Now some parents in the United States have expressed great enthusiasm for getting

their child vaccinated. After all, if you vaccinate your child, you can worry much less about them getting COVID and also less about them spreading

COVID to grandparents, to other relatives, to other people.

It really takes that stress down many, many notches for the parents. But some parents have been hesitant. Their theory is, children, when they get

COVID-19, are usually fine.

Why should I vaccinate my child?

The answer is that children are not always fine when they get COVID. Thousands of them in the United States have ended up in the hospital, very,

very sick and some of them have had long-term consequences of having COVID- 19, sort of long-haul COVID symptoms. Some of them, unfortunately, have died.

All of this in addition to the fact that children, as I mentioned, can spread COVID. So let's take a listen to Dr. Rochelle Walensky, talking

about the risk of COVID to children.


DR. ROCHELLE WALENSKY, CDC DIRECTOR: The chance of a child having severe COVID-19, require hospitalization or develop a long-term complication like

MISC remains low. But still, the risk is too high and too devastating to our children and far higher than for many other diseases for which we

vaccinate children.


COHEN: So the bottom line for parents really should be, why in the world would you want to roll the dice with your child?

GIOKOS: All right, Elizabeth, thank you for that update.

When we come back, why Facebook won't recognize what you look like anymore. The company vows to public pressure about its facial recognition


Also, her disappearance triggered a massive police search in Australia. How police found a 4-year old who disappeared from a remote camp site. More

when we return.





GIOKOS: A 4-year-old Australian girl is back home, safe with her family nearly three weeks after disappearing from their campsite. Cleo Smith was

found in the early hours of Wednesday after police broke down the door of a locked home.

They say they were looking for a needle in a haystack -- and they found it. A 36-year-old man is in custody. Ivan Watson has more details


IVAN WATSON, CNN SENIOR INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Australian police call it the miracle they were hoping for, the predawn

rescue of 4-year-old Cleo Smith, found safe and sound 18 days after she first went missing, an ordeal that began at this remote camping site on

October 16th.

Cleo's mother says, on the first morning of a family camping trip, she woke up to find her daughter gone.

ELLI SMITH, CLEO'S MOTHER: The tent was completely open. It was about 30 centimeters from being open. And, I mean, I turn around to Jake and I just

said, "Cleo is gone."

WATSON (voice-over): The child's disappearance triggered a manhunt that spread nationwide, the state government offering $1 million Australian

reward for information, echoed by desperate appeals from Cleo's family.

SMITH: Really what we need is our little girl home.

WATSON (voice-over): Police announced they solved the mystery early Wednesday morning.

CHRIS DAWN, WESTERN AUSTRALIA POLICE COMMISSIONER: The outcome that was achieved at about 1:00 am this morning when four officers went in and broke

down the door and found little Cleo in a room. And as you can see, she's alive. She's safe. And she's back with Mum and Dad.

WATSON (voice-over): Police found her alone in this house in her family's hometown of Carnarvon, some 30 miles or 48 kilometers from the camping


DETECTIVE SENIOR SERGEANT CAMERON BLAINE, WESTERN AUSTRALIA POLICE FORCE: I just wanted to be absolutely sure that, you know, it was Cleo. I wanted

to be absolutely sure it was her.

So I said, "What's your name?"

And she didn't answer.

And I said, "What's your name?"

She didn't answer again.

So I asked a third time and she looked at me and she said, "My name is Cleo."

WATSON (voice-over): Police say Cleo was physically unharmed and reunited soon after with her parents. Police have a 36-year-old man, who is

unrelated to Cleo's family, currently in custody.


WATSON (voice-over): They say they expect to press charges for what they describe as an opportunistic abduction soon.

The rescue, which officials describe as the result of a hard police grind, involving 140 police officers, is now being celebrated across the country

but, most importantly, by her parents. Cleo's mother, Elli, announcing her family is whole again -- Ivan Watson, CNN.


GIOKOS: All right. So Facebook, the company that seems to know everything about you, says it no longer wants to know what you look like. The company

is scrapping its facial recognition software, which identifies who is in photos and videos.

It's also wiping its database of a billion faces amid ethical and privacy concerns about what it does with people's data. Our Anna Stewart is

following Facebook's struggles with privacy and advocates.

It feels like we're heading into a new era with Facebook, with the rebranding and now with a big move with facial recognition.

What does it mean for users and what does it mean for the company going forward?

ANNA STEWART, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Yes, in terms of the timing, if we were to be cynical, you'd point to the fact, yes, this does appear to be a whole

new chapter.

I think that's what Facebook wants people to see after weeks and weeks of negative headlines regarding the negative impact that platform has

potentially had on people after the whistleblower testimony from Frances Haugen, after all those leaked documents.

They're now saying listen, we care about the negative impact, at least in terms of Facebook and facial recognition data.

So this only applies to Facebook and it's really clear we should make that distinction, the group is now called Meta. This does not apply to Instagram

or WhatsApp. It concerns Facebook's functionality, where it can identify a user in photos on Facebook, if the user has actually opted into do that.

Why are they doing this now?

Because this has been a controversial technology that's been plagued with issues for some time now. According to the vice president of artificial

intelligence, he said this.

"We need to weigh the positive use cases of facial recognition against growing societal concerns, especially as regulators have yet to provide

clear rules."

So clearly showing here they are willing to balance the good and the bad. I'm not sure that will crush all of the concerns out there but also, as

ever, saying they are happy to play by rules. They are happy to, you know, adhere to regulators' rules but someone needs to write the rulebook. It

won't be them.

So an interesting development in the ever-going stories around Facebook.

GIOKOS: I mean, I always hated when I was tagged in questionable photographs. But at least now I don't have to worry about that in the


But here is the thing. People are not using Facebook to the same extent they were a few years ago. You're seeing a drop in usage to some degree.

Does this have anything to do with the fact they're now trying to transform so they can capture back that lost, you know, customer base?

STEWART: I think trying to improve people's trust, not just of Facebook but across all their platforms is something they're really interested in

and it's interesting not just taking away this function but deleting a database of over a billion facial recognition templates.

That's a treasure trove of data when you think about it. But if we were to be cynical again, you have to look how exposed Facebook has been when it

comes to this detail. As far as we know, there has never any breach in terms of someone taking the facial recognition data and using it.

But the risk has always been there and they said today, they're still invested in the technology but see it as being more valuable when it

operates privately on a person's phone. So using it to access an app or identifying you but keeping the data with the user rather than on their

service, which of course exposes them hugely.

GIOKOS: Interesting times. Thank you so much, Anna.

You're watching two hours of CONNECT THE WORLD. Ahead, a wakeup call for the Democrats in the U.S. A shift in the political landscape sends

President Biden and his party a harsh message.

Elections in Nicaragua haven't even happened yet but the European Union is already branding them fake. You can find out why after the break.





GIOKOS: Welcome back. I'm Eleni Giokos in Dubai. You're watching CONNECT THE WORLD.

U.S. President Joe Biden got an unfortunate wakeup call as he returned from the COP26 summit. His Democratic Party had a tough time in Tuesday's

election in what could be seen as a reflection of Mr. Biden's policies.

Two key governor's races tell the story. In Virginia, CNN projects Republican Glenn Youngkin will defeat prominent Democrat Terry McAuliffe.

Another ominous sign for Democrats, the New Jersey race is still too close to call; at last check, just a few hundred votes separated the two


The vote could be seen as a referendum on Joe Biden's job performance, rejecting his plans by rejecting the party.

The question is, will that force the party to go back to the drawing board?

Sunlen Serfaty joins us from Virginia.

What does this mean for Joe Biden?

Is it about going back to drawing board when it comes to policies?

Or does it tell us something very different and perhaps about things to come next year?

SUNLEN SERFATY, CNN CONGRESSIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Yes, certainly a lot of warning signs, as you said, for Democrats coming out of the race here in

Virginia where Democrat Terry McAuliffe formerly conceded a few minutes ago to Republican Glenn Youngkin, the governor-elect of Virginia.

There are a lot of warning signs for Democrats, most certainly the fact that the exit polls show that only 43 percent of Virginians said they

approve of the job President Biden is doing.

Certainly the first year of the Biden administration a drag on the Democratic candidate here in Virginia for governor. And that is a big

question on what that says for future candidates in the next year's midterm elections and the 2024 presidential cycle.

Also, a lot of questions from Democrats here in Virginia and nationwide, about the strategy of how they handle the person looming large in elections

and that's former president Donald Trump.

Terry McAuliffe really staked so much of his candidacy trying to tie Glenn Youngkin to Donald Trump. Democrats looking to see how they can potentially

not make the mistakes that Terry McAuliffe made here in Virginia and a big question on how they handle the Trump factor going forward.

GIOKOS: Thank you very much for that update.

Moving on to other elections. The European Union's foreign policy chief has an assessment on Nicaragua's upcoming presidential election. The president

Daniel Ortega is seeking his fourth successive term.

About 40 opposition figures have been arrested, a move that worries the E.U. Most opponents were jailed on charges of treason or money laundering.


GIOKOS: Charges critics called trumped up.

All right. Let's get you up to speed on some of the other stories that are on our radar right now.

ISIS-K says five of its fighters used bombs and guns to attack a Taliban military hospital in Kabul. It killed at least 20 people and wounded 30. It

appears to have been aimed at Taliban soldiers, gathered at the hospital.

The man who set off a panic on a Tokyo subway last Sunday has been charged with attempted murder. A 24-year-old pulled a knife allegedly and started

stabbing passengers before setting one train car on fire; 17 people were injured in the attack.

Thai police arrested the CEO of the company at the center of a CNN investigation. Skymed sold more than $6 million worth of medical gloves to

an American customer but never delivered. The CEO denied all the charges, which include public fraud and distributing false information.

When we come back, a city long known for blowing it in the big game finally wins a title. The celebrations in Atlanta in just a moment.




GIOKOS: Welcome back.

The Chinese version of Fortnite is shutting down this month. It's no longer available for download and it will shut down its servers on November 15th.

This is just the latest crackdown on video games in China.

In August, Beijing started prohibiting gamers under 18 from playing on weekdays. But it's not just gaming that's come under fire in China. CNN's

Kristie Lu Stout looks at Beijing's massive regulatory overhaul one year on.


KRISTIE LU STOUT, CNN ANCHOR AND CORRESPONDENT: It's been a brutal year for business in China.

A year ago this week Beijing slammed the brakes on the world's biggest stock market debut halting the $37 billion listing of Ant Group, the

financial tech giant founded by billionaire Jack Ma. It came shortly after Ma rebuked China's financial regulators in a high profile speech.

And that moment set off a year of upheaval, as China tightened its grip on a stunning array of sectors from fintech, to private tutoring, online

gaming and ride hailing, to entertainment, even crypto and ecommerce.

Now here's the timeline. In December of 2020, Chinese regulators launched an anti-trust probe into Alibaba and put a number of other tech firms on



STOUT: And then in April, China hit Alibaba with a record $2.8 billion fine for behaving like a monopoly. That same month, Alibaba's Ant Group was

cut down to size and restructured into a financial holding company.

In July, China's cyber space regulator banned the ride-hailing platform Didi from App Stores after seeing it posed a cybersecurity risk.

Later that month, China unveiled wide ranging rules that essentially shut down the $120 billion private tutoring industry.

In August, China clamped down on chaotic fan culture after a series of scandals involving celebrities like pop star Kris Wu and leading actor Xiao


In the same month, China banned kids from playing online games for more than 3 hours a week. The crackdown has been sweeping and observers say it's

about more than party control.

"Common prosperity is the prosperity of all the people," said Chinese President Xi Jinping in August, as he pledged to redistribute the wealth

but Xi's campaign to narrow the wealth gap has weighed on the economy. The crackdown has prompted sharp falls for listed Chinese firms at one point

wiping out up to $3 trillion of China's markets.

And with China's economic growth slowing down, will the crackdown wind down?

KEYU JIN, LONDON SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS: It's moved from GDP efficiency, smokestack industry, to consumer welfare, consumer protection, social

harmony as the core interest under the general umbrella of common prosperity. That will be the Chinese government's main priority even if it

is at the cost of slower growth.

STOUT: As analysts ponder what's next, Jack Ma has resurfaced. Last month, he was reportedly seen on the Spanish island of Majorca, where's his luxury

yacht is anchored and last week at a green house in the Netherlands.

One year ago, China sent Ma a powerful message and he has been laying low since. Jack maybe back but it a brave new era of control and scrutiny --

Kristie Lu Stout, CNN, Hong Kong.


GIOKOS: In India, the five-day Festival of Lights known as Diwali is in full swing. Shoppers packed markets, looking for colorful decorations on

Tuesday in preparation for the rest of the week. It is a huge celebration of good over evil and a public holiday in India.

But it is observed worldwide; millions of people exchange gifts, spend time with loved ones and pray and also eat amazing food.