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Connect the World

Queen Elizabeth Marks 70 Years on the British Throne; Hundreds still Missing in War-Torn Villages Near Kyiv; OPEC to Pump More Oil as Russian Production Drops; Answer the Call to Earth; CNN talks to Trailblazing Iranian Actress who won at Cannes. Aired 11a-12p ET

Aired June 02, 2022 - 11:00   ET




ANNOUNCER: Live from CNN, London. This is "Connect the World" with Becky Anderson.

BECKY ANDERSON, CNN HOST, CONNECT THE WORLD: Well, this hour history in the making Queen Elizabeth II will become the first British Monarch to

celebrate 70 years on the throne and around the world many are celebrating with her. I'm Becky Anderson. Hello and welcome back to "Connect the


Well, a moment in history that frankly Britain has never seen before, and it's electric and it's being saluted on just about every continent,

millions of people saying thank you to Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II and for her seven decades of service and there is plenty of grace around that


Buckingham Palace brings out its Royal best to celebrate an event 70 years in the making. It is the Queen's Platinum Jubilee and officially kicked off

a little earlier with what's known as the "Trooping of the Color" in traditional parade that celebrates the Monarch's birthday and the Queen,

thrilling the crowds appearing on the palace balcony for a Flypast in her honor.

First COVID pageantry and the cheering crowds creating an atmosphere that is being described as electric and this is just the start of four days of

partying across the UK and in the Commonwealth.

CNN's Max Foster is just out from Buckingham Palace, and he joins me now live. On my way into work today, just up from where you are. There were so

many people with their flags from so many different parts of the world. I have to say it was a beautiful day in London this morning.

I don't know whether I was surprised by the crowds, but the atmosphere really was fantastic. How is it where you are?

MAX FOSTER, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Well, thank goodness for the weather, really, the crowds can come down here in the way that had to have been, you

know, overnight into the morning. All the main events really are over for the day apart from this beacon lighting that we'll have later on this


That's when beacons will be lit across the Commonwealth. But it really was a day of military commemoration really so spectacular sort of cavalry

coming down the mall here, up to Horse guards. It had the carriages with many members of the royal family traveling up to Horse guards, where they

met with the Duke and Duchess of Sussex, now being seen as part of the Royal folds again, which is extraordinary.

And then they came back and they came out onto the balcony. And it's interesting to see these balcony moments because they do them every 10

years. And it's the Queen's opportunity to really show the world how she sees the face of the British monarchy.

So last time around in 2012 it was the time of austerity so she had stripped it right down to those core members this time, it was about

working members of the Royal Family. So that's how she defines the face of the Royal Family these days, which doesn't include Harry and Megan, even

though they're included in other parts of the four day commemorations.

I will just tell you, Becky, Prince Andrew wasn't there either. He wasn't there at Horse guards. We were wondering why? He was due to be at the

service tomorrow at some Paul's Cathedral Commemoration Service - we've just been told that he's got COVID he won't be attending. So we're not

going to see him throughout these commemorations just so you're not too concerned.

Also understand that he has been in touch with the Queen but not since he tested positive for COVID. And he's been undergoing regular testing. So

that shouldn't be a concern for us.

ANDERSON: Take us back. How do we get to this point?

FOSTER: We get to this point, and we sort of breathe in when we see the Queen up on the balcony, having served 70 years on the throne. We're not

going to see another moment like this in our lifetimes, which is why so many people are quite solemn today in many ways.

But also heartened by the fact that the she looked so well and in their minds, they look at their own lives and attach it to milestones in the

Queen's life and there have been so many haven't there?



FOSTER (voice over): After the death of her father, King George to the sick to 25 year old Elizabeth known as Lilibet to friends assume the throne

crowd. Crowned at Westminster Abbey on June 2nd, 1953 this was the first time the public was able to witness this sacrosanct event.

Elizabeth allowed live television cameras in to capture the ceremony, in a powerful signal that hers was a new, open and relevant monarchy.

QUEEN MARGRETHE II, DENMARK: I declare before you all, whether it be long or short, shall be devoted to your service, and to the service of our great

imperial family, to which we all belong.

That was an example, which I very much felt that when I grew older, that was what it was about. You dedicate your life to your country.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It was with her marriage to the Duke of Edinburgh, that perhaps we first realized the personality of our Queen to be.

FOSTER (voice over): On November the 20th 1947 Princess Elizabeth had worked her childhood sweetheart, the tall and dashing Prince Philip of

Greece and Denmark. The following year, their marriage bought Elizabeth Prince Charles.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: So Winston Churchill came to receive her majesty and--

FOSTER (voice over): Her first Prime Minister was Winston Churchill, and during her rule, she's met every acting U.S. President bar one meeting, she

always prioritized.

Stiff upper lipped in public, there's little footage to show the sense of humor. This wife, mother and grandmother are reputed to show behind closed

doors. On occasion, there has been little to laugh about however.

QUEEN ELIZABETH II: It just turned out to be an endless or rebellious.

FOSTER (voice over): During the 1990s three of her four children would divorce Charles most famously and then that crash.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Getting word that the French government has informed all of us that Princess Diana has died.

FOSTER (voice over): The royal families restrained response collided with a British public convulsing and heartache. Elizabeth taught she's never

merely a mother or grandmother, rather a Queen to her people, no matter what.

Over more than a decade, public faith in the Royals gradually rebuilt. The Queen was visibly thrilled by the show of support for the wedding between

her grandson, William and partner Kate in 2011. The family soon welcomed several additions, including Prince George future heir to the throne, born

in 2013.

In 2021, at the age of 99, Prince Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh, passed away. Senior Royals attended the funeral scale back due to Coronavirus.

Elizabeth was forced to stand alone as she watched his coffin lower into the Royal Vault at Windsor Castle. Bidding farewell to her husband of 73

years, the man she described as her strength and stay. For more than half a century Elizabeth had led an empire before overseeing its managed decline.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The Royal Terra stop first at the assumed to be independent colony before touring their Dominions in the West Indies.

FOSTER (voice over): Known as the Commonwealth an association of now independent countries 15 of which had kept the Queen as a symbolic head of

state. After 70 momentous years, Her Majesty celebrates her Platinum Jubilee, the longest serving British Monarch in history.


FOSTER: Well, now one of our main duties really is to manage the transition frankly that's why we see Prince Charles stepping in for the Queen when she

can't make events we're going to see more and more of that she can't go to the races tomorrow she will try to go each day will hear each day you know

whether or not she'll make these events and if she can't, and Prince Charles will be there, who's right alongside her on the balcony.

This is all about making less of a shock when he becomes king and she's no longer here. This is a brutal reality of being a monarch. It's about

keeping that whole system alive even as you come into the twilight of your own reign Becky.

ANDERSON: Well, what a beautiful day in in London? It is on the mouth and is of course it is known here. Thank you. Well, the scope of Russia's war

on Ukraine coming into clear focus today. Ukraine's President now saying 20 percent of his country is now under Russian control

Volodymyr Zelenskyy also describing the Donbas region that you will have heard us talk about now for weeks the focus of Russia's offensive as simply


In the Luhansk region of the Donbas the key city of Severodonestk remains mostly controlled by Russia but not totally.


ANDERSON: It hasn't totally fallen, that word coming from the Ukrainian regional Military Chief who says 800 residents including some kids are

trapped inside bombs shelters under this chemical plant, which was attacked earlier this week. He says that everyone inside these shelters is said to

be safe.

We're just minutes from now U.S. President Joe Biden will attend a White House meeting between his National Security Adviser and NATO Secretary

General Jens Stoltenberg this meeting coming after Mr. Biden's decision to send advanced rocket systems to Ukraine.

Matthew Chance is connecting us from Kyiv today. Matthew, you've been assessing what is going on, on the ground, particularly in these the

regional Donbas. What do we understand to be the situation?

MATTHEW CHANCE, CNN SENIOR INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Well, the situation in the east is pretty fluid, in the sense that in the Donbas region, around

that city in and around the City of Severodonestk, there is fierce fighting still underway.

But 80 percent of that key city, which is the last remaining city in the Luhansk region, not under Russian control, is 80 percent of it is now has

now fallen under Russian control. But there are still fierce battles underway in the streets, we understand with the Ukrainian military, working

as hard as they can to make it as painful as possible for the Russians and as difficult as possible for the Russians and take control of that key

cities. Also a lot of civilians still trapped in that area as well.

In the meantime, there are counteroffensive operations underway to the south, near the region of Kherson, in particular, with towns and villages

or villages, at least being retaken from Russia by advancing Ukrainian forces, there's still an ebb and flow taking place. Civilians, of course,

are bearing the brunt as always, in this conflict.

Earlier, we traveled to the north of the Ukrainian Capital Kyiv, to an area that had been liberated from Russian control a couple of months ago. And as

people return to their villages, their return to their houses there, they're still finding bodies even a couple of months on still finding

bodies that have to be dug up and identified by the police. Some of these images are disturbing.


CHANCE (voice over): In the liberated villages north of the Ukrainian Capital, the streets are lined with the scars of war. And it's not just

buildings destroyed. We met Sergei, a villager whose home was overrun by Russian troops who then shot him he says and left him with dead.

He shows me the gut wrenching bullet wounds, but his emotional scars run even deeper. Sometimes I have nightmares and can't sleep at night. And I

pray they won't ever come back, he tells me through tears of pain and anger. I'll never forgive Russians for what they did, he says.

And they did much worse just steps from Sergei's door. Police forensic teams are unearthing yet another crime scene. Weeks after Russian troops

were pushed from this area. Locals are still finding the bodies of their neighbors. We were shown three makeshift graves on this street alone.

CHANCE (on camera): What do you think when you see this what goes through your mind when you see these bodies being dug from the shallow graves at

the side of the road?

YEVHEN YENIN, UKRAINIAN DEPUTY INTERIOR MINISTER: So we see that Russian troops have already gone for more than one month. But we still find the

area down so their presence--

CHANCE (on camera): That's astonishing isn't it that even a month after they've gone more than a month so still finding bodies.

CHANCE (voice over): Ukrainian officials tell me more than 320 civilians are still missing in this region alone but one by one they're being found.

YENIN: So a lot of people are missing. We cannot imagine the eyes of mothers whose children were lost. You cannot imagine eyes of relatives

whose beloved have been captured or have been killed on the front line.

CHANCE (on camera): It is an awful, grim business digging up the bodies of the thousands of people scattered across this entire country, in shallow

graves that have yet to be identified. This was Vitali just 43 years old and the neighbors told me he didn't present a threat to the Russians. He

wasn't a soldier.


CHANCE (on camera): In fact, he was vulnerable. He didn't have a job he, he drank too much his family had left him but he was hungry. And he was trying

to get some food from a Russian vehicle that was parked just here when they caught him and shot him dead.

CHANCE (voice over): Just one of the many alleged crimes, many tragedies in the Ukrainian nightmare that's yet to end.


CHANCE: Well, another tragedy, of course, is the number of people who have been displaced. It's more than 12 million according to the Ukrainian

authorities, 5 million people they say, have actually left Ukraine really depriving this country of an important its most important asset its people.

ANDERSON: Thank you, Matthew. What the West has been trying to do is deprive Russia, of its revenues to fuel and pay for this war. And that's

where oil of course comes in. Oil prices have been skyrocketing since Russia invaded Ukraine and cut its exports cut its exports while

effectively what we've seen is tough EU sanctions, and U.S. sanctions on Russian oil.

That's been a story hasn't it? And the world's top producers, led by Saudi Arabia now are stepping into the breach as it were. A short time ago OPEC

agreed to add an extra 648,000 barrels to the market every day in July and August.

Now they had had a plan to add about 400,000. That was a plan that's been in the midst for months and months and months now. So what they're doing is

effectively a bigger increase and had been planned. Here's a look around, all prices are reacting to that news.

And if you were just being straight about this, you'd say, well, why aren't prices going down? You know, this is extra production that should drag the

price of oil down. CNN's Clare Sebastian is here to break this down for us.

But nothing is simplistic here. There'll be people in the market who anticipated this, and therefore, they're just sort of buying back. There

are also those who will say and rightly so that yes, there's been a gesture here. But OPEC Plus, which includes Russia as a grouping, the Saudis

haven't suspended Russia. So there's a sort of, you know, give with one and take with the other right?

CLARE SEBASTIAN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: The more you look into Becky, the more you see how sort of cleverly and carefully they threaded this fine line

essentially? What they've done is acceleration. So this is all oil that was gonna come onto the market anyway.

They've taken the 430,000 barrel a day increase planned for September, split it in half, and divided it equally between July and August. So that's

not nothing right? That's more barrels of oil coming to the market quicker.

But if you think about Russia, for example, which according to Reuters, is currently off about a million barrels a day in terms of production because

of Western sanctions. Add to that another 2.2 million barrels a day that it exported to the EU last year, most of that will now you know, over the next

seven months or so it'd be affected by the oil embargo that was agreed this week.

And this is not going to move the needle really, in terms of the markets, it's you know, it's probably not going to have a huge impact on prices,

where it does potentially have an impact in terms of geopolitics, right?

Because Saudi Arabia is the de facto leader of OPEC has managed to keep Russia in the fold, and has also delivered a potential sort of diplomatic

win to the U.S. here, which has been engaged in in intensive diplomacy over the last few months with Saudi Arabia to try to get them to sort of to do

something like this.

To bring down oil prices, you know, high level delegations, things like that. And the White House did not waste any time in coming out with a

statement on this. They welcomed the move. And they said very significantly, we recognize the role of Saudi Arabia as the Chair of OPEC

Plus, and its largest producer in achieving this consensus among the group members.

We also recognize efforts and positive contributions of UAE, Kuwait and Iraq. The United States says we'll continue to use all tools at our

disposal to address energy price pressures, very pointed mention of Saudi Arabia there.

We know that there is there work underway to potentially arrange a meeting between President Biden and the De Facto Leader of Saudi Arabia Prince

Mohammed bin Salman.

ANDERSON: Fascinating times. Thank you very much indeed, well explained. We're going to talk a lot more about this including what OPEC's decision

means for that Gulf region and much more on the Queen's Jubilee. I'll be speaking with Robert Lacy, Royal Family Biographer, and Historical

Consultant to the Netflix series, "The Crown" and Author of the book, "Majesty".



ANDERSON: Welcome back! It's 20 past four here in the UK the White House welcomed OPEC's decision to speed up oil production this summer. It gave a

special shout out to Saudi Arabia as the group's chair and largest oil producer in achieving this consensus. And the White House also recognized

the efforts and contributions by the UAE, Kuwait and Iraq.

Well, I want to talk more about Saudi Arabia's role here with Amena Bakr, she's the Chief OPEC Correspondent for the publication, "Energy

Intelligence" very plugged in with your sources at OPEC, OPEC plus, of course, which is a group in which includes Russia.

So what in the first instance do you make of this? I would describe it as gesture to increase production over the next couple of months taking

September's production, splitting it between July and August. What do you make of what they've done? And what's the significance here?

AMENA BAKR, CHIEF OPEC CORRESPONDENT, ENERGY INTELLIGENCE: Well, the significance is Becky less to do with the volumes that we saw. I mean, what

they did, basically, under the old plan, they were supposed to increase 432 over a three month period. So they compressed that over two months instead

of three months, so for both July and August, they will be easing the cuts by 648,000 barrels for each month.

Now, to me that volume isn't very significant for the simple reason that spare capacity in the group is basically held by two members, it's the UAE

and Saudi Arabia those are the two countries that could actually bring supply to the market. So those are the real barrels coming in.

And if we look at the new quota system that translates roughly to an additional 75,000 barrels from both those countries, assuming that the

others have zero spare capacity left, and they can't produce more. So that's the first part of the agreement, which is the increase in

increments, which to me doesn't translate into that many barrels into the market.

However, this agreement is significant, because it pushed up the deadline where you had the expiry of the increments instead of being in September,

it's now in August, meaning that in August that the group will sit down and review this entire agreement.

Perhaps they will even review the baselines of all these countries that I mentioned that they can't even produce their quotas. And this sets the path

for OPEC Plus to add more production into the market gradually over time.

ANDERSON: Does it also though, given the opportunity should they wanted to not suspend but drop Russia from the grouping at this stage because that

would be significant? I mean, you know, let's just talk about the Saudis' role here as Clare was just explaining.


ANDERSON: There's the issue with regard oral output. And then there is a geopolitical layer to this as well, isn't there? They have been, you know,

heavily encouraged by the White House to help sort of balanced the oil markets organize oil markets and prices while there is so much volatility

on the price, given the sanctions on Western sanctions on Russian oil.

BAKR: Sure, I saw the reports, Becky, like, like you've seen of the alleged suspension of Russian quotas. We didn't see that being discussed today at

all. And as you can see from the quota table, Russia is still an active part of the agreement.

For quotas to be suspended traditionally, what happens is that the country that's facing a state of sanctions a war, they request from OPEC to suspend

their quota. Moscow made no such request. And no one from the OPEC Plus group will go to Russia and ask for them to be suspended from the group,

mainly because the Gulf producers Saudi Arabia really believes that long term market management needs Russia, so they are not ready to upset Russia

in any way and by making such a request to suspend it from quotas.

And as you mentioned, like I mean, they've been walking a very thin line here, between having an alliance with their western partners, mainly the

U.S., and as well as Russia. So yes, long term, I see Russia still being part of this group. And yes, and this is something that the Gulf producers

support 100 percent.

ANDERSON: Interesting statement quickly out of the gate by the White House and applauding the efforts of Saudi Arabia as the leader of this group as

the key stakeholder as it were and also name checking Kuwait, Iraq, and specifically, the UAE, so applauds and acknowledgement by the White House

who has had a tricky relationship of late with both Riyadh and Abu Dhabi.

I guess this begs the question ultimately, though, we've seen the price of oil rise off the back of all of this? Washington intent on trying to

control the price of oil and get it lower. This is a domestic issue as much as anything else, given the price of gas at the pump.

That hasn't happened. So that begs the question. What next? So just finally, and briefly, and what's your perception of where these markets go

in the short to medium term?

BAKR: Well, we saw this action being taken as well ahead of the summer period, Becky, as you understand that this is the driving season in the

U.S. and this is where demand usually spikes. So for these producers, there was a fear of demand destruction, this is on a market level side.

In terms of relationship, we've seen various officials come to both Riyadh and Abu Dhabi over several weeks, and these meetings were described as very

positive. And they're trying to rebuild bridges, improve the relationship, et cetera. And this is perhaps a byproduct of that.

And, yes, that statement was basically praising all of I mean, the U.S. is praising all of its allies in the region, and they want it to make note of

that. I think prices at this point might be lowered. Knowing that I mean, there is this increment of supply coming in? And yes, this is what the U.S.

has been hoping for.

ANDERSON: Yes. And the wider picture, of course, is there's still very little sort of clarity on what happens with what is the big booming China

economy, which is not booming at present. And so these oil producers will be well aware that should they pump too much and flood the market, as it

were that these prices go significantly lower?

Let's be quite frank. I mean, you know, these prices are doing the Gulf producers an awful lot of favors at the moment as high as they are. But

there is, as I say, no clarity on what happens with that Chinese economy still offshore.

BAKR: That's why they're very gradual.

ANDERSON: Yes, absolutely, good. All right, thanks for joining us today Amena Bakr there out of Dubai for you. Well, ahead on the show the longest

serving Monarch in Britain's history celebrates seven decades on the throne. I'm going to speak with Royal Family Advisor, Author and Historical

Consultant to the series, "The crown". Mr. Robert Lacy, and from exile to award winner conversation with an actress who was kicked out of Iran and

he's now making films about her country's treatment of women please stay with us.


ANDERSON: Now from Exile to award winner, our conversation with an actress who was kicked out of Iran and is now making films about her country's

treatment of women. Please stay with us.


ANDERSON: We are following celebrations in Britain and around the world honoring the UK's longest reigning monarch, Queen Elizabeth the Second.

Thousands of fans have descended on London, at least, kicking off four days of festivities marking the Queen's 70th anniversary on the throne.

My next guest is renowned royal historian, in fact he was an adviser to the Netflix series, the crown, which depicts the life of the royal family,

let's say. Robert Lacey joins me now.

Let me just start, there because as you have described to me, it was an interpretation of the family, because there are many who said. And if

you've seen the crown viewers, you'll know what I'm talking about here. I mean, it was sort of a relatively loose interpretation, wasn't it? Just


ROBERT LACEY, BRITISH ROYAL FAMILY BIOGRAPHER: Well, it's a loose presentation of the facts, if you, I would say obviously. The

interpretation is spot on, we are trying to bring out the sense of duty of the queen, I tried to bring out her character.

We tried to bring out say her conflicts with Prince Charles, the complexities of her relationship with Prince Philip. And for all of that,

I'm afraid; you can't go with chapter inverse. Because this family, particular this Queen was celebrating today, is a very discrete person.

Just studying the royal family is a bit like being a criminologist. You are looking for the clues.

ANDERSON: Well, if your viewers haven't seen the crown, you should see it. It is super, and rightly an award-winning series.

LACEY: Yes, go on, plugging it. Now we're coming out this November with season five, which will be about the climax of Diana Charles's marriages,

the death of Diana, and of course, something and I have the sort of residents today.

This is where Prince Charles starts developing the idea of the slim down monarchy and the whole question of who's on the balcony and who's not.

ANDERSON: And so let's talk about that today, because that has been important. What did you make of the images that we saw today?

LACEY: Well, I was down there, and what was wonderful was the way, certainly, everybody was clapping. We didn't get it, and we looked, and

there was the queen out there.

I mean, her presence has been so well anticipated and worried about, and she looked so good. She looked solid. I mean I am talking from a 200 yards

distance. But still she was solid there, she came out ahead of time, took me by surprise, with interestingly, with her cousin, the Duke of Kent when

we much speak to people are not English.


LACEY: But he is a cousin who sort of taking on the role of Prince Phillip you see, someone she's known since childhood. And it was a poignant moment,

because Prince Philip was not there and also, of course we're never going to have another jubilee.

So, I think that's an element in the way in which people are putting a lot of themselves into what's going on.

ANDERSON: And we saw a lineup of royals, not all of them, on the balcony today. These are working royals.

LACEY: And just to explain also, to maybe non-British working royal is someone who gets paid for it. And we pay taxes for our royals; 18 million

quit a year, two pounds out of my pocket every year. I think that's a very good value for money.

ANDERSON: Not everyone does?

LACEY: Not everybody does, but I don't think two pounds a year is bad to pay for the royal family, the work they do and working royal. It's a very

interesting out of these family problems, I mean; Andrew is not there because of the charges against him, and for other reasons, too.

Harry and Meghan are not there because they have also had their conflicts with the family, particularly with William. And so actually, I think this

new definition, you could go on - because in the old days, the whole family would be their uncles, cousins, aunts, I thought that was delightful.

Royal not thought it, not everybody thought it was. Then Prince Charles went the other way in the last jubilee and said, just the main lie of the

family. So that was him, Camilla, William, and Kate.

No Andrew, but no Princess - either they were furious. And everybody else felt, that's not much fun. And I think - well, not a compromise, I think

this president situation, when you look at that balcony, you will see people who will go out, supports charities, are on the payroll, and are a

working part of British life.

ANDERSON: You use the word discreet. And you said being a royal observer is akin to being a sort of criminologist to a certain extent. You could kind

of read between the lines. What do we ultimately know about Queen Elizabeth the Second?

LACEY: Well, we know that she's got an incredible sense of duty. She has worked very hard. She is totally consistent. She has always put work and

duty before anything else.

And so if we then veer into what something might think are the negative areas, maybe her parenting has been neglected. After all, she had two

children. She stopped having children. Interesting thing, she's got four children, now there's other royal has got that many.

So people who say she's not a family lover have got that wrong. She did actually stop having children when her father died early and she had to

take over the throw. That was an example of sagging, duty first, and then she went off with Prince Philip on a tour around the Commonwealth and was

the famous, rather poignant sequence of her coming back to Liverpool street station, and little Prince Charles waiting for her.

And he didn't recognize her when she got off the train and he didn't kiss him and --him. She sort of shook hands. So that's the cold and chilly side

of her.

ANDERSON: Prince Charles will become king. What's the future for the royal family?

LACEY: Well, I think one clear interesting prediction is it's going to be male.

And maybe, a male monarch is going to find it more difficult than this mother figure has for all these years. Prince Charles, obviously, doesn't

command the loyalty that makes Republicans with the small, anti-monarchists feel now is not the time to attack.

But I think while people in Britain sort of anticipate Prince Charles with a sense of duty, there is real excitement about William, Kate, they're a

very magic couple. They went recently to the Caribbean.

The tour went wrong, and they responded. I mean, Prince William said, we will listen. If there are things we have got to change, we will listen and

respond to them. So, that's the answer to your question, I. They will respond and will adapt.

ANDERSON: It's good to have you on. Fab glasses, by the way.

LACEY: Thank you very much, there might Jubilee glasses, yes.

ANDERSON: Excellent, gorgeous. Thank you very much, Robert Lacey in the house. Coming up, a disused land in Portugal is being reviled it in an

effort to restore the ecosystem. That report is coming up.



ANDERSON: There's no mystery that booming industries can damage an ecosystem. But what happens when the work drives up when the companies

leave? Well, one team in Portugal is helping the land heal in an effort to draw back animals that haven't called the area home in quite some time.

CNN's Isa Soares brings us today's Call to Earth.


ISA SOARES, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice over): Here in the valley of the Coa River in northeastern Portugal, stretches acres of agricultural land that

have fallen into disuse. For centuries, this area was used for farming and mining but the economic downturn in recent decades prompted many thousands

of people to leave. Today, a small group of re-wilders is claiming the land back.

PEDRO PRATA, REWILDING PORTUGAL: The aim is to allow nature to recover; we'll have to come back, but also for people and nature to benefit alike.

This means that the whole landscape is more connected and more abundant in wildlife.

SOARES (voice over): Pedro Prata works for reviled in Portugal, guarding the region from wildfires, animal poisoning, and poachers and securing new

areas of protection.

PRATA: Me and my team are constantly present in this landscape. We live in the landscape. We are all the time here.

SOARES (voice over): The Coa valley provides a migratory corridor for rare species. By re-wilding these targeted areas; Prata hopes to encourage the

return of some of Portugal's chief predators such as lynxes and wolves.

PRATA: Top predator acts as a guardian for the processes between the landscape.

SOARES (voice over): But for the top of the food chain to flourish, it needs to be supported by the rest of the ecosystem. So the team is focusing

first on the reintroduction of - and wild horses.

PRATA: They are the ones who manage the growth of the vegetation, but also, these - seeds and they take the nutrients back into the soil with their

dung. And so, they are the real engineers of the vegetation.

SOARES (voice over): Progress will be slow. Predator numbers cannot increase until herbivores grow.

PRATA: Footprints, that's better, yes.

SOARES (voice over): Once the system is up in running, it is hoped that Lynx were following the footsteps of the wolves or indeed these badges

being tracked by the team. But predators bring risk. Local human populations need reassurance.

PRATA: I think in the national context here in Portugal, re-wilding is a new concept. The biggest obstacle we are facing nowadays actually is

cultural. Our aim here is that people understand there is ways to coexist with a wolf.


SOARES (voice over): Promoting wild herbivores prevents the likelihood of domestic animals being lost as prey. Prata and his team hope that by

promoting species biodiversity in Portugal, they are ensuring the longevity for environment, wildlife, and community alike.

PRATA: We live in a fantastic world, full of fantastic species and creatures that have the same rights to be here and to exist into the future

as much as we do. I think my main message is just let nature be, and just let nature reviled.


ANDERSON: Well, let us know what you are doing to answer the call to protect our planet, use the #calltoearth. We will be right back.


ANDERSON: Actress Zar Amir Ebrahimi making history last week in which she became the first woman of Iranian Cinema to win best actress at the

prestigious Cannes film festival. She won her portrayal of a journalist trying to capture a serial killer who was targeting prostitutes in Iran.

Well, the win was particularly important for Ebrahimi because she says film is what kept her going after she was forced to leave Iran. She's being

investigated there for allegedly violating Iran's strict decency laws, in an incident that made headlines across the country.

Well, Zar Amir Ebrahimi now lives in Exile in Paris. I got a chance to chat with her just a short time ago and she told me just how much it meant to

her to be honored at Cannes. Have a listen.

ZAR AMIR EBRAHIMI, ACTRESS: It's just like a dream. Of course Cannes it's a very glamorous place, of course, we are so delighted to be there with all

the best directors and actors in the world, actually.

And that is award; I mean there is, of course, there is a message there --. If you watch the movie, it's all about women, it's all about patriarchal

society, it's all about misogyny.

And if you know about my personal journey, I think, there is this special message for the message of courage and message of hope, for not only women,

but men and women all around the world but maybe specially for women in Middle Eastern countries, especially in Iran.

ANDERSON: In the film, you play journalists investigating the murders of a serial killer who is targeting women. You said you've took inspiration for

this film after talking to female Iranian journalists who have faced sexual harassment in their careers. What do you hope this film leaves the viewer

with? And how important do you think film the arts are in communities like Iran, specifically in Iran to shed light on some of what are these deep

societal issues?


EBRAHIMI: Rotating to Iranian reality and society, at the same, time movie is totally universal because these are the situations that every woman all

around the world in different society has to face every day.

And the character is the journalist, and that should mean freedom and independence. But I just realized after starting my researchers, I just

realized that this violence toward the women was very strong even in media.

And I was kind of a surprise because I didn't expect this, especially in Iran, in their religious actually society. So I think, you know, you know

better than me that these things are happening in media everywhere that women journalists have to injure at a - harassments and violence in their

daily work.

So, Iran is no exception, actually. And this is also why this movie is universal for me. I mean, the only hope I have is, I don't know if we can

change the world with a movie, but I think we can just make people just rethink about their behavior.

ANDERSON: Iran's state controlled Cinema organization has accused Cannes of a biased and political act for honoring you and this film. They've said

anyone inside the country involved with the film will face punishment. Just explain your story and what you have to say to that reaction?

EBRAHIMI: You know, I think we have a problem with freedom in Iran. And I think they are not happy, maybe, with this movie because it's an example of

freedom of expression. And we manage to make a movie about Iran, it's going to an example of the - movie. And I think as it's all about women and you

know, maybe because of me, 15 years ago, I had to run away from my country from my home.

I left my friends and family behind. All I had been doing in my career was this drive; the whole country had seen my private video. I was facing many

years of chase and hundreds of lashes. And then I came to a country where I knew no one, where there was no one, and I had to start it all over again.

So, I think, as I said, there's a really a big message at this hour.

They need just to show us that they are angry or they are not happy to watch this movie, and you know, the problem is they didn't even watch this

movie. And they are judging this movie just from a trailer, and maybe some just - rumored that they heard about this movie.

And so, I think I don't mind, and I think the whole team doesn't mind. We know them. This is normal.

ANDERSON: You flood your homeland, Iran, in 2006 after what was an unfortunate incident which resulted in you becoming the subject of an

investigation by the Iranian government. And as you're saying your acceptance speech, you gave quite an emotional tribute to Iran, your home.

Do you have plans to return?

EBRAHIMI: No, not at all. I mean, I would love, I miss my country. I miss my home. I miss my room; I miss all those places I grew up in this country.

But really, I don't have any hope with this government, with this situation we have right now, I never thought that I can just come back and go back.

ANDERSON: What is next? What are you working on at this point?

EBRAHIMI: You mean, my profession --? Yes, I have another project in Australia with a very young Iranian director, a female director. And it's

going to be so exciting. There is Cate Blanchett - as executive producer, Noora Niasari is the Director actually. And it is also about women.


ANDERSON: We wish you the best. Well, thank you for joining us wherever you are watching. I want to leave you with these colorful images of Queen

Elizabeth the Second's platinum jubilee celebrations. From the team working with me here in London and around the world, it is a very good evening.