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Iran Nuclear Agreement; Ukraine Grain Export Talks; Most of Sievierodonetsk under Russian Control; Inflation Pushing Basic Goods out of Reach; January 6 Investigation. Aired 10-11a ET

Aired June 09, 2022 - 10:00   ET





MATTHEW CHANCE, CNN SENIOR INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: We're very close to the front lines in southern Ukraine, where we're being shown these U.S.

provided long range artillery systems.

BECKY ANDERSON, CNN HOST (voice-over): Tonight, look at the new U.S. weapons being sent to Ukraine. Plus --



BARBIE NADEAU, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Spaghetti with tomato but the price of this Italian staple has increased tremendously over the last year.

ANDERSON (voice-over): How Russia's invasion of Ukraine is increasing the price of food around the world. And --



PAMELA BROWN, CNN SENIOR WHITE HOUSE CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): From the beginning, the investigation has focused on the unprecedented efforts by

Trump and his allies to try to stop the transfer of power to President Biden.

ANDERSON: As the January 6 hearings kick off with a primetime showing.


ANDERSON: I'm Becky Anderson, hello and welcome to CONNECT THE WORLD. I'm in London today where it is 3 pm. More on those top stories.

First, a developing story with huge international significance. Iran is turning off more than 2 dozen cameras that give international monitors

access to its nuclear program. The head of the International Atomic Energy Agency says this could deal a fatal blow to the Iran nuclear agreement.

Tehran released this video, showing monitoring cameras being turned off at nuclear sites. IAEA chief Rafael Grossi says Iran is planning to remove 27

of these cameras. Iran says it's already started to expand its underground uranium enrichment.

Rafael Grossi joining me now live.

It's good to have you on, on what is a worrying day.

Does today's announcement by Iran effectively put an end to the additional monitoring measures that Iran agreed as part of the 2015 nuclear deal?

RAFAEL MARIANO GROSSI, DIRECTOR GENERAL, IAEA: Hello, good to talk to you again. No, not by itself but very close to that.

ANDERSON: Earlier today, you said if the JCPOA is not revised in the next 3-4 weeks, you will be no longer be able to give the world accurate details

on Iran's advancements. So just explain where you believe we are at. You've suggested three or four weeks is all that's left before that agreement is

dealt a fatal blow.

What's going on?

What is Iran planning?

GROSSI: The reason for this is very simple. We have a number of means to verify Iran's activities in a number of areas related to the JCPOA. The

cameras, as you were mentioned, we have other online systems that give us flows, monitoring of amounts that have been of uranium, for example, that

have reached, et cetera, et cetera.

So when Iran start containing these accesses at some point, if the JCPOA was to be revived, for that to happen, the participants need to have a

baseline, the necessary amount to know what it is that Iran has or hasn't in order for us to verify it.

If we don't have that, it's technically impossible to have an agreement. Or, you could have one on the basis of no information, which I suppose is

not going to happen. This is why we are saying it's a very serious thing. It has consequences; of course, it does.

ANDERSON: This is you say a serious escalation. Let's be quite clear, if your agency cannot ensure continuity of knowledge about Iran's nuclear

program, you can't implement the JCPOA monitoring and verification process, can you?

So that is the end of. That

GROSSI: We would not be able to work on the basis of sound information. And I don't think you can have a good agreement on shaky basis. So that is

not viable.

But we hope that there can be a possibility to do it. I've said today to the board of governors of the IAEA, which is in session right now -- in

fact, I stepped out to talk to you -- we are discussing this and I've said we had to sit down with Iran.


GROSSI: We have to do it immediately. We have to redress the situation. They know that the IAEA is ready to do that. It's up to them.

ANDERSON: A spokesperson to the Iranian foreign ministry says all of this is because of shortsightedness from the United States and from the E.U.

Three, tweeting here, "US-E3 put their short sighted agenda ahead of IAEA's credibility by pushing a miscalculated and ill-advised resolution against a

country with the world's most transparent, peaceful nuclear program. The initiators are responsible for the consequences."

Can you be clear here?

Is this a country, Iran, with the world's most transparent, peaceful nuclear program, as you understand it?

GROSSI: Iran is perhaps the most inspected country, this is correct. But this is commensurate to the activities that they have. It's also a function

of the past JCPOA and it's also, to a certain extent, a result of a past record and history. We don't have the time now to go into this.

But it's a shaky history with ups and downs and moments where they were not found in compliance with their commitment. That is the past. We want to

look into the future. We have a problem now.

The problem that we have now is that we need to have certain information. And they are not giving it to us. I'm not having a view on what Iran or

others are saying about resolutions or no resolutions.

There is a concrete problem here. The problem is that Iran has not been answering a number of questions from the agency. The problem is that Iran

is now, instead of increasing cooperation with us is curtailing it.

So we are saying this is going against the right direction. Like I said, of course, although this is a very serious step in the wrong direction, there

is still time for diplomacy. There's still time for us to sit down and try to redress this.

But --


ANDERSON: -- yes, Iran's response, they say, is firm and proportionate. Let's just hear from the Israeli prime minister.


NAFTALI BENNETT, ISRAELI PRIME MINISTER (through translator): I commend the International Atomic Energy Agency Board of Governors for its decision

yesterday, a decision which clearly states that Iran is continuing to (INAUDIBLE). It is continuing to conceal and hide.

On the one hand, we see in this decision the lies and the hypocrisy of Iran on the nuclear issue in general. On the other hand, we see here a firm

stance by the countries of the world regarding the distinction between good and evil as they clearly stated that Iran is concealing things. We will not

let up on this issue.


ANDERSON: You recently traveled to Israel.

Do you believe that that trip to Israel aggravated Iran and may have played into or did play into the calculation for today's steps by Tehran?

GROSSI: I don't get into that kind of analysis. If I was to talk to people on the basis of third parties, possible reactions to what I would be doing,

I would not be able to perform my functions as director general of an international organization.

I think, of course, views, opinions are absolutely legitimate. The important thing is what I do as director general vis-a-vis countries,

including Iran and what Iran does with regards to its own responsibilities and its own legal obligations. That is what matters.

If we start having serious, grave political decisions on the basis of visits or opinions or views or quotes, then we are in deep trouble. So

again, what we need to do is to work and Iran knows what they need to do.

ANDERSON: Three to four weeks, you say is the window. If that's passes, that will deal a fatal blow to the deal.

Are you suggesting that we have about a month before this crisis escalates into new, uncharted territory?

If so, what are your fears about that territory?

GROSSI: Let me stay, my estimation is not a political one, it's a technical one. My estimation is based on the relative time we can afford to

not have access to this type of information; in other words, the amount of time we can have with the centrifuges spinning, with production continuing.


GROSSI: With the construction and assembly of centrifuges ongoing without us having a view on that because --


ANDERSON: And your view would be what?


ANDERSON: -- if they were allowed to do that without verification?

GROSSI: -- we could, more or less, reconstruct. We could reconstruct what may have happened. But these projections are something that you do for a

relatively short period of time. You cannot go for months and months without any access, without information and then say, well, there is this

amount, probably.

So this is why we are saying 3-4 weeks is something we could handle. So it's not the political -- I leave this to the politicians. This is a

technical assessment by the IAEA.

ANDERSON: But that's extremely important. You say you need oversight or you need to be able to verify what's going on. If you don't, within 3 to 4

weeks, you are clearly concerned about what Iran will be achieving with its nuclear program, correct?

GROSSI: I will be concerned about not being able to confirm what they have or what they do not to have. This is the point.

ANDERSON: Are you speaking to your Iranian counterparts right now and are you planning on visiting Tehran?

GROSSI: I hope we can do that. I certainly hope we can do that. We are trying to, we are saying things with the gravity they deserve. At the same

time, we are saying that it's time that there is a margin (ph) that we should put to the best possible use, starting now.

ANDERSON: Sir, it's good to have you on. Please stay in touch.

GROSSI: Thank you very much. It was a pleasure to talk.

ANDERSON: Rafael Grossi for you.

Just ahead, Russia's war on Ukraine sparking a new warning of more hunger across the world. I will bring you team coverage on that up next.




ANDERSON: You can could it the hunger games, the real ones, unfolding across the world as we speak. The U.N. says the food crisis sparked by

Russia's invasion of Ukraine means 47 million people could face what it calls acute food insecurity this year. That is serious hunger.

At the same time, the secretary's leader says the first railway shipments of Ukrainian grain have left an occupied region in the south. Russian media

quoted him as saying they're going through Crimea in the direction of the Middle East.


ANDERSON: Russia says it has no grain deals with the Middle East or Turkey for that matter. But it's working on it. Moscow also denying accusations

that they're stealing massive amounts of Ukrainian grain.

Kyiv has other big worries, including the fight in Eastern Ukraine. President Volodymyr Zelenskyy says the fate of the entire Donbas region is

being decided in Sievierodonetsk. Local officials say Russia now controls most of that key eastern city. CNN's Clare Sebastian has been looking at

this food crisis for more than three months.

Let's talk about this grain. It seems to be quite confusing. As you understand it, grain is being taken out of Ukraine.

Who's taking it?

Where is it going?

Who's paying for it?

CLARE SEBASTIAN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: It's murky. This is a foggy war. But what we have today is that Ukraine is accusing Russia of stealing it. The

agrarian council says that 600,000 tons has been stolen over the last few months. Roughly the same number came from the deputy agrarian minister. He

speaks to evidence as to what's happening to it.


TARAS VYSOTSKYI, DEPUTY MINISTER, UKRAINIAN AGRARIAN POLICY AND FOOD: Unfortunately, we have the situation where about half a million ton of

grain has been stolen by Russians on the partly occupied territories of Ukraine.

We do know this because we have received that information from the people on the elevators that Russians came, just took this grain came with

military power. And also because did on photo facts of cars and rail cars bringing this grain toward the direction of Russia or occupied Crimea.


SEBASTIAN: He then says that from occupied Crimea, they have evidence, satellite images that show it being taken to other countries. CNN has

uncovered similar evidence of that, accounts from farmers, Ukrainian officials, shipping sources have shown it is in certain countries being

taken out of Ukraine.

The extraordinary thing today is that we don't have these comments, one, from the head of the Russian military administration in Zaporizhzhya,

saying the first rail shipments of grain left the occupied town of Melitopol, going to Crimea. He hopes they will find their way to Turkey.

As you said, the Kremlin spokesperson said there are not deals yet with Turkey but they are working on it. So it is murky. But extraordinary that

Russia should be talking about that openly.

ANDERSON: To be quite clear, before I get to Kyiv and our correspondent on the ground there, we know Ukraine produces much of the world's grain. We

know there is a serious, serious concern about a global food crisis.

When we talk about half a million tons of grain, which is what's being suggested by the Ukrainians as stolen, how significant is that?

SEBASTIAN: So it's not huge, in terms of the annual harvest of Ukraine, I think it's about 80 million tons in 2021. The amount is more significant in

terms of world hunger, the amount stored Ukraine, about 20 million tons.

So the amount being stolen is not a huge amount so far. But we're hearing from Russian officials in the occupied areas saying they hope more can be

done. So it looks like it could become part of a pattern. It doesn't build trust for these negotiations.

ANDERSON: Absolutely. We know those grain silos are full. The grain exists despite the fact that farmers are struggling. There's an issue of whether

this summer harvest will actually come and go. But the grain does exist. It's in the silos, ready to be shipped. It's a question of who is going to

get hold of it and where is it going at this point. Thank you.

Let's get you to the ground and to Salma Abdelaziz as, promised.

We've been talking about the Ukrainian grain. You've got more.

SALMA ABDELAZIZ, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Absolutely. Let's start with Sievierodonetsk. That is the flashpoint city right now. President Zelenskyy

says the fate of the Donbas region, this, crucial region that Russia is trying to keep control over, the fate of it lies in that battle.

That battle is not going the way of Ukrainian forces. Last night, there were fierce artillery rounds, shelling, hitting of Ukrainian positions.

They are forced to retreat to fortified positions, a strategic retreat, according to Ukrainian forces.

They say they're catastrophically short of artillery rounds, outmanned, outgunned, a superior artillery Russian force has been pounding them,

grinding these Ukrainian forces for weeks now.


ABDELAZIZ: It is hard to imagine how they can continue to hold Sievierodonetsk for much longer. The best chance that Ukrainian forces can

hope for is to drag it out, drag out Russian resources.

Why does this matter?

Why does Sievierodonetsk matter?

It is the last stronghold in the Luhansk republic. In that region, if Sievierodonetsk falls, you are just that one step closer to the larger goal

Putin has of controlling the Donbas.

Let's keep that map up. Regardless of whether or not Sievierodonetsk is taken, Russia is creating facts on the ground, realities on the ground, a

land bridge, which was part of the goal in the invasion of Ukraine, a land bridge connecting Russia all, the way down to Crimea, through the Donbas,

through the occupied regions of Kherson and Mariupol.

Down to the warm water ports on the Black Sea. Those would be the only warm water ports that would function year-round for Russia. That's already

happening, Becky. Regardless of whether the international community recognizes it. Russia is rebuilding the infrastructure, already hundreds of

miles of railways rebuilt.

They say there's a steady rail traffic between Russia down to the region of Crimea. They are reopening the ports in Mariupol and Berdyansk, an

important canal in Kherson, which is now Russian occupied.

That provides fresh water to Crimea. What Russia is doing is, again, creating facts on the ground, building infrastructure, owning, occupying

and running these territories, whether or not the international community recognizes it.

So when and if Russia comes to the negotiating table, those are the realities on the ground. Ukraine, for its part, trying to claw back

territory it can. But it's really holding off a much bigger and more powerful military.

ANDERSON: When you speak to people on the ground, at some distance away from the real front lines, as it were, although, when we spoke to you this

time yesterday, there were sirens going off behind you. We can't forget those aggressive behaviors by the Russians in other parts of Ukraine.

What are people telling you about how they believe this might end?

ABDELAZIZ: Becky, this is a moment of extraordinary national unity. President Zelenskyy, addressing his countryman every single day, he has

spoken on every single detail in this conflict. He's been an absolutely unifying force.

For Ukrainians, they're not willing to give up an inch. Absolutely any concessions to Russia is quite simply appeasement to President Putin,

someone they see as an appetite that will not end. It would be appeasement to give those territories away.

So we're looking at realities on the ground. At the same time, you have a Ukraine that is steadfast, not going to give up their territory to any

Russian forces, regardless of where the tanks are placed.

ANDERSON: Salma Abdelaziz on the ground in Ukraine. Clare Sebastian in the studio. Both of you, thank you.

This just in, two British citizens and a Moroccan man have been sentenced to death by a pro Russian court in the Donetsk people's republic in Eastern

Ukraine. Russian media reporting the three men are accused of being mercenaries for Ukraine.

The men were captured by Russian forces in mid April in Mariupol.

We know we've been discussing the impacts of this war. It's not just on the Ukrainian people. It is global at this point through the price of fuel and

food. For the first time in more than a decade, the European Central Bank plans to raise interest rates.

The bank just announced it would leave the current rate for banks to deposit money with the central bank overnight at minus half a percent. That

negative number is basically a penalty for not lending the money. The ECB says it would likely raise rates, a quarter of a percentage point, next


The goal there is to rein in this inflation that's been creeping up since last year, to be quite frank. But worsened by this war on Ukraine. It's now

at a record 8.1 percent and growing.

One place that has been particularly hard hit by inflation is Italy. Barbie Nadeau joins us now from Rome.

The ECB decision will affect people in Italy. This decision coming for the Eurozone, as opposed to the U.S. and the U.K., of course.

What do you expect people will make of that in Italy?

NADEAU: You know, it's always different. What's good for the institutions is not always good for the people.


NADEAU: And we've been trying to understand how people are affected by this inflation. We've been talking to people who are producing the food,

trying not to pass on the extra costs to the consumers. Let's hear what we found.


UNIDENTIFIED MALE: (Speaking foreign language).

NADEAU (voice-over): This is the quintessential Italian meal, spaghetti with tomato. But the price of this Italian staple has increased

tremendously over the last year.

NADEAU (voice-over): To understand where the cost to produce pasta from durum wheat and tomato sauce from fresh tomatoes has caught up, we went,

directly, to the source.

Here at the Maestri Pastai pasta factory in Southern Italy, owner Valentina Castiello tells us the price of some of the raw materials to make her pasta

have jumped by 100 percent. She tells us her company is trying to find ways to absorb the excess but some of it will go to the consumer.

VALENTINA CASTIELLO, OWNER, MAESTRI PASTAI FACTORY: We have increased the price of our final product by 30 percent. The cost is high but the consumer

continues to buy the affordable products that everyone can use at home.

NADEAU (voice-over): The average Italian eats around 50 pounds of pasta every year. Castiello says, to confront the rising cost of living,

distributors are actually buying more inventory from her factory. Because, even if the price of pasta goes up, it is still, by far, the most

affordable way for many Italians to put food on the table.

The rising costs range from packaging, to electricity, to fuel to transport these goods.

But it isn't just pasta makers struggling to produce economical food. At this tomato farm near Rome, that Damina Larasca (ph) owns with her father

and brother, things are much easier.

She tells us that fertilizer costs alone have risen 150 percent over last year. They had to make a drastic decision to reduce the number of tomatoes

they planted by 40 percent, because they had no idea what the market will be like when these new tomato plants are ready to harvest.

Larasca (ph) says the tomato is the base of the Italian diet. During the summer, as fresh produce and during the other seasons as canned products.

The factors driving the prices of these fundamental Italian gradients are complicated. First came the pandemic, then Russia's war in Ukraine and now,

the uncertainty of what's next.


NADEAU: You know, when you look at that, it's such a simple meal. We are not talking about luxury items, meat, fish, caviar. We're talking about

basic pasta and tomato. If that's being affected already by the war and the other factors, it's hard to imagine what's coming around the corner.

ANDERSON: Fascinating. Thank you, Barbie.

Next hour, we'll take a look at the factors pushing the global economy to the brink. We'll speak with Maurice Obstfeld, an economic professor and

former chief economist at the International Monetary Fund. The story that affects us all.

After nearly a year of secret work and thousands of interviews behind closed doors, the panel investigating the January 6th attack on the U.S.

Capitol finally goes public today. The first of at least six hearings is headed to primetime TV in just a matter of hours. We will preview what

American viewers and, indeed, the rest of the world can expect.





ANDERSON: Welcome back. I'm Becky Anderson in London. You're watching CONNECT THE WORLD. This show is out of London.

More than 500 days after the storming of the U.S. Capitol building, it's a critical and historic moment for American democracy. The U.S. public and

the world can tune in to watch as the special U.S. House committee investigating the January 6th attack will begin to lay out its case on

primetime television.

The panel says it will use its first of at least six hearings to make the case that former president Donald Trump was at the center of a coordinated,

multistep effort to overturn Joe Biden's 2020 election win.

It also tried to connect the dots between Mr. Trump's election lies and the violence that unfolded that day. The committee plans to show clips of

private interviews with Trump aides, campaign officials and members of his inner circle.

There will also be, we are told, never before seen footage of the attack to remind people of what is at stake. We expect to hear live witness testimony

from two people, who had an up-close view of the rioters. CNN's Pamela Brown has more.


BROWN (voice-over): After a nearly year long investigation, the January 6 committee is preparing to share their findings with the American people.

And they are zeroing in on one man, former President Trump.

REP. JAMIE RASKIN (D-MD), JANUARY 6TH SELECT COMMITTEE: I think that Donald Trump and the White House were at the center of these events. That's

the only way really of making sense of them all.

BROWN (voice-over): From the beginning, the investigation has focused on the unprecedented efforts by Trump and his allies to try to stop the

transfer of power to President Joe Biden.

While Trump was impeached by the House just days after the riot for inciting the pro Trump insurrectionists, the committee says it's uncovered

more since then,

RASKIN: The select committee has found evidence about a lot more than incitement here.

BROWN (voice-over): The committee has interviewed more than 1000 witnesses behind closed doors including Jared Kushner, Ivanka Trump, Donald Trump

Jr., Rudy Giuliani, former Attorney General Bill Barr and obtained more than 135,000 documents.

REP. LIZ CHENEY (R-WY), VICE CHAIR, JANUARY 6TH SELECT COMMITTEE: We must also know what happened every minute of that day in the White House. Every

phone call, every conversation, every meeting leading up to during and after the attack.

BROWN (voice-over): That committee is clearly signaling to the Justice Department which holds the power to charge Trump with a crime related to

January 6.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Do you it was a conspiracy?

CHENEY: I do. It is extremely broad. It's extremely well organized. It's really chilling.

BROWN (voice-over): Just this week, a federal judge again flagged possible evidence of a crime. That same judge issued a landmark ruling earlier this

year finding it was more likely than not that Trump and a conservative lawyer committed a crime and strategizing to overturn the election.

Trump has not been charged with a crime and has denied any wrongdoing. He continues to downplay his involvement in the deadly insurrection while

bashing the committee's work as another, quote, "witch hunt."

DONALD TRUMP, FORMER U.S. PRESIDENT: January 6, what a lot of crap. It's another con job just like Russia, Russia, Russia.

BROWN (voice-over): But for 187 minutes, committee members say Trump was derelict in his duty watching T.V. and seemingly please supporters were

fighting for him even as Republicans pleaded for Trump to intervene and text messages to his White House Chief of Staff.

DENVER RIGGLEMAN (I-VA), FORMER U.S. REPUBLICAN REPRESENTATIVE: It is a roadmap. And I would have to say at this point, I think Mark Meadows is the

MVP for the committee.

BROWN (voice-over): Denver Riggleman advice the committee helping to decode Meadows texts among the more than 2,300 messages obtained by CNN.

Donald Trump Jr. texting, "He's got to condemn this shit. ASAP."

Meadows responding, "I am pushing it hard. I agree."


BROWN (voice-over): But it took Trump over three hours to release this recorded video.

TRUMP: So go home. We love you. You're very special.

RIGGLEMAN: When you look at the totality of the evidence, it's pretty apparent that at some points, President Trump knew what was going on.

BROWN: The hearings are not only expected to explore efforts to overturn the election results but also the role of far-right extremist groups.

One month after the election, Trump tweeted about the protest in D.C. on January 6th. The following day, the Proud Boys began to plan for the rally,

knowing they might have to break the law to stop the certification of votes.

That's according to a plea agreement from one member of the Proud Boys, who is now cooperating with the federal investigation. The DOJ escalating that

criminal case this week, charging several leaders with seditious conspiracy -- Pamela Brown, CNN, Washington.


ANDERSON: For more on this, Daniella Diaz has the latest from the Capitol.

Aides say the panel will reveal new evidence that will help, quote, "connect the dots" between president Trump's election lies and his attempt

to overturn the election.

What sort of evidence might we see in these hearings starting tonight?

DANIELLA DIAZ, CNN CONGRESSIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Becky, remember, this is going to be the first time we're actually seeing the committee in public.

And they will present this evidence that, of these interviews they've been doing for the last couple of months.

They've been working diligently behind closed doors, interviewing many, many witnesses related to former president Donald Trump. And this is going

to play out in a very interesting way.

First, we're going to hear from chairman Bennie Thompson of the committee. He plans to give an opening statement. And we'll also hear from Republican

and ranking member Liz Cheney. She plans to give an opening statement.

And the two of them will be the ones leading this hearing and doing most of the questioning in this hearing with the witnesses.

Another thing is we're expecting this to play out in three different ways, three different distinct things we will see later tonight. First off, we

expect to see never before seen footage of the violence of that day. Of course, a lot of people recording what happened that day. We expect to see

some new footage and new evidence.

We also expect to see some footage from behind closed doors interviews and depositions that the committee has been working on for the past couple of

months very privately.

We also expect testimony from two individuals, one of them being Caroline Edwards. She is actually a U.S. Capitol Police officer who was injured that

day, the first to be injured and suffered a traumatic brain injury.

Another is the documentary filmmaker, Nick Quested. He's expected to display an array of what he saw firsthand when he was embedded with the

rioters. So it's going to be an important day for this question of what happened on January 6th.

It was a really terrible day for democracy and the point being, this committee really wants to educate Americans of that day, how terrible it

was and see if maybe, just maybe, they are able to imprint that day in Americans' minds.

Remember, this is a primetime hearing in the United States. It will take place and will be aired and livestreamed in (INAUDIBLE).

ANDERSON: Described by one as a TV spectacular that will blow the roof off. I'll be sure, thank you, Daniella, to tune in for the live coverage of

the January 6 committee hearings, starting at 7 pm on Thursday in Washington. That is 3 in the morning on Friday in Abu Dhabi, midnight here

in London, right here on CNN.

U.S. President Joe Biden is tackling a host of issues with his regional counterparts at the Summit of the Americas in Los Angeles. Amongst them,

the influx of migrants at the U.S.' borders. As we speak, a caravan of 5,000 people making their way through -- north through Mexico. Save the

Children asking for special protection and medical attention for about 1,000 children who are amongst those in the caravan.

Let's tackle this humanitarian and political issue. President Biden will need the cooperation of several countries, including Mexico, Honduras, El

Salvador and Guatemala.

However, the leaders of those nations are either not invited or are boycotting the summit over the exclusion of Cuba, Nicaragua and Venezuela,

because of their human rights records and autocratic governments.

We're going to take a very short break. Back after this.