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Connect the World

Russian Families say Goodbye to Drafted Soldiers; Iran Struggles to Quell Largest Protests in Years; UK Slashes Taxes in Bid for Growth; Staged Referenda Underway in Four Ukrainian Regions; Kenyans Sue UK Government for Alleged Colonial Land Theft; Federer Teams up with Rival Nadal for Final Match. Aired 11a-12p ET

Aired September 23, 2022 - 11:00   ET




ELENI GIOKOS, CNN HOST, CONNECT THE WORLD: And I'm Eleni Giokos in Dubai. Welcome to "Connect the World". Voting into the barrel of a gun; Ukrainian

official describing coercive tactics as four occupied regions began so called referenda on whether to join the Russian Federation. The areas make

up about 15 percent of Ukraine's territory.

Ukrainian officials say pro-Russian forces are going house to house bullying people to vote, Ukraine and the West were already calling the

ballots a sham, a farce and an illegal land grab by Moscow amid setbacks on the battlefield.

We are seeing more goodbyes in the meantime within Russia as conscripted troops head for that battlefield. Russian President Vladimir Putin's

mobilization plan is now in full swing. Now since it was announced there's been no letup in the steady stream of Russians lining up to cross out of

the country.

Meantime Ukrainians have a momentous task of rebuilding after driving the Russians out of some regions. They came back to find their homes in ruins.

CNN's Ben Wedeman has more.


BEN WEDEMAN, CNN SENIOR INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT (voice over): Anatolly (ph) is trying to make his demolished house a home again; one nail at a

time, but without roof plastic sheeting on the windows won't make much of a difference. This is all they could salvage. Anatolly is overwhelmed by what

he and his wife Svetlana found when they returned to their village of Prudianka (ph).

What can I say he asks? You can see for yourself. Svetlana was born in this house 53 years ago. Her reaction, pain she says shock, pain, terrible pain

and bitterness. The fruits of life's labor withered on the vine.

WEDEMAN (on camera): This is what happened to many of the towns and villages caught on the front lines in this war. They were totally


WEDEMAN (voice over): Up the road residents unload relief supplies trucked into the town of Kozacha Lopan (ph). Mayor Vyacheslav Zadorenko (ph) back

in his office after months away. He says these armbands were handed out to the workers in the local Russian installed administration, food provided to

collaborators and newspapers.

About 100 people were collaborators he tells me when the Russians left, most left with them. Oleksandr from the mayor's office shows us where town

residents were brought for interrogation and tortured in dark basement, as many as 30 people to a cell.

Prisoners he says we're seated in this chair and subjected to electric shocks. Vadim (ph) spent a few days there, he recalls his interrogators

beat him first, and then ask questions. They beat me on my back, my head, then shoved me on the floor and kicked me, he says.

Then they gave me a cigarette and started the interrogation. They asked me if I was pro Ukrainian. I'm Ukrainian I said, of course, I'm pro Ukrainian.

He was released, but his son Vladimir was taken by the Russians. He's still missing.

Vitali (ph) draws water from the neighborhood well. He recalls when Russian soldiers asked if he and his wife had any Nazis at home. This is a normal

village he chuckles in the retelling we are farmers and workers. Kozacha Lopan (ph) is the last stop on the train line before the Russian border.

Soldiers took over the railway station.

WEDEMAN (on camera): These are all letters and pictures sent by Russian schoolchildren to the soldiers here at the railway station. That things

like this pictures and here's a letter from Alexander in the fifth grade, who says you are heroes. Thank you for guaranteeing our safe future.

WEDEMAN (voice over): Misguided discarded messages of support for a disastrous war.


GIOKOS: Ben Wedeman is in Kharkiv, which was the heart of Ukraine's counter offensive. And we've also got Salma Abdelaziz following developments for us

from London. Ben I want to start with you really moving piece where you talk about the aftermath of, you know, Russia's invasion of specific cities

and now we've got referenda that are occurring in various parts of the country as well.


GIOKOS: What did - what was the one thing you walked away with as people try and rebuild their lives knowing full well that other people in various

other parts of Ukraine have a really tough decision to make when it comes to these referendums, and some of them don't even have the choice.

WEDEMAN: Before we get to the referenda what came - what I came away with, certainly, in that village we started the peace was just the utter

destruction. And we saw this couple trying to repair a home that clearly was beyond repair. But they're hoping against hope to try to restore their


As far as how people are viewing the referenda that are going on in the eastern and southern parts of the country. These people went through

occupation before. They entertained no illusions that there's anything good that could come to becoming part of Russia quite to the contrary.

You know, what we're hearing from these occupied territories where the referenda taking places for instance, Ukrainian intelligence is saying that

they've intercepted documents that indicate that the occupation authorities are going to allow those between the ages of 13 and 17 to vote.

They call the election is Sham is in a sense, an understatement. This is a farce and a sham all rolled up together. And nobody we spoke to in where we

were yesterday, had anything good to say about the Russian occupation, and they're clearly much happier to be free Eleni.

GIOKOS: All right, Ben Wedeman thank you very much for that report! We also have Salma Abdelaziz standing by. Salma, we've been seeing the retaliation

on the announcement of this partial mobilization out of Russia.

We've seen it in the form of people trying to leave the country. And we've also seen aggression on the ground as well. I guess it's now hitting home

for many Russians, that this isn't just a special military operation, this actually could mean war.

SALMA ABDELAZIZ, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Absolutely. And that all comes on the back of these major losses on the ground for Russian troops, Ukrainian

forces able to claw back thousands of miles of territory. And this week, President Putin issued his response in two parts, really.

First on the ground those referendum, of course, the so called referendum, if you will, that our colleague, Ben Wedeman was speaking about the other

part of President Putin's approach is happening very much inside Russia.

And that is the call for this partial mobilization 300,000 reservists now, when we deploy to Ukraine, it's going to happen in stages, according to

Russian officials in this sent people panicking, Eleni, quite literally, there were demonstrations in 30 cities across Russia, a brutal crackdown.

Of course, hundreds of people arrested many of those detained women, women who do not want to see their brothers, their sons, their fathers sent off

to this war, quite literally to die. And it's also triggered a sort of Exodus, if you will, by land and air.

Flight information showing that - flight tickets now out of Russia to a nearby city cost over $5,000 per ticket that would normally cost just a few

$100. Still people are panic buying just booking anything they can to get out of the country.

By land I know you have there's pictures to show of those huge queues very long lines of traffic of cars waiting for hours to try to get out. Finland,

the border with Finland, it's one of the few European countries that still has its land border, open to Russia. There it is officials speaking of a

surge, of course of people trying to flee the country.

Kazakhstan, of course, as well bordering with Russia saying there's a 20 percent increase in traffic along that border. Families in Russia are not

just afraid about this call, this mobilization there's a fear that this war is growing is expanding and that the government doesn't have hold of it,


GIOKOS: Alright, thank you very much Salma Abdelaziz and Ben Wedeman good to see you. Thank you very much for that reporting.

All right, my next guest has asked is Vladimir Putin preparing a September surprise. His story Yuri Felshtinsky has written a number of books about

Russia including blowing up Ukraine, the return of Russian terror and the threat of world war III. He joins me now live via Skype from Boston.

Sir really good to see you! OK, we've just lost connection with Yuri unfortunately, we're going to try and get him back online. And we'll get

that interview to you as soon as we're able to reestablish our connection. All right, moving on the death of Mahsa Amini in police custody has hit a

nerve in Iran where protests continue to rage a week after the young woman's death.


GIOKOS: Iran's army has now issued an anonymous warning to protesters saying it's ready to confront enemies to maintain security. But public

anger is still running strong. Iranian media report, at least 17 people have died in the unrest as the government responds with a harsh crackdown

and internet blackouts.

Today, Iranian state media aired video of pro-government marches in several cities following Friday's prayers. CNN's Jomana Karadsheh is following the

story for us from Istanbul. Interesting conversations that, you know the government are having right now saying that the protesters are enemies of

the states and then of course, the internet blackouts. And that crackdown is sending I guess, a very strong message to people that have been very

defiant over the past week.

JOMANA KARADSHEH, CNN CORRESPONDENT: All of that really combined Eleni makes a lot of Iran observers who have been watching this country very

closely for years very concerned about what might be going on.

With the government throttling the internet, we're not getting videos and information out as fast. That's how, you know you've got protesters and

activists in the country using social media platforms to get what's going on in the country out to the world. And we're just not getting that right


So there's a lot of concern. All that we are seeing coming from the government side the rhetoric, the actions with these marches today what was

said at the Friday Sermons, a lot of concern that we're seeing the signs of this crackdown, possibly intensifying.

A lot of worry about what might be going on right now as the country much of it has gone dark but you know the events of this past week Eleni many

are very rare. Some would even say unprecedented.


KARADSHEH (voice over): A week like no other Iran has seen in years. Protests ignited by the death of Mahsa Amini have snowballed into much more

than that. Women have been leading the calls for change in freedom, rising up for rights this generation has never had.

But even those who've seen it all joined in, this old woman waves her headscarf, softly chanting death to the Supreme Leader. The threat of

punishment by jailer flogging hasn't stopped their remarkable acts of defiance.

CNN can't verify the circumstances of this video or when it was filmed. It shows a woman standing up to the morality police, the women in black,

refusing to come down or to wear her headscarf the hijab. Commotion breaks out as they try to grab her. She shouts that she is standing up for the

sake of Mahsa Amini.

The government appears to be using all it's guard to silence the voices of dissent, a female force deployed for the first time on the streets. It's

also been firing live rounds directly at protesters according to Amnesty International, several people have so far been killed and many others

injured. President Ibrahim Raisi in New York on Thursday appears to be dismissing the real grievances of the thousands who have taken to the


IBRAHIM RAISI, IRANIAN PRESIDENT: Vis-a-vis what is occurring, having demonstrations be it unionized organizations, labor organizations or

towards any specific issue or incident of course, these are normal and fully expected. But we must differentiate between demonstrators and


KARADSHEH (voice over): On Friday, more ominous warnings from authorities the army they say is ready to deal with conspiracies of so called enemies.

As the country descends into darkness, with internet disruptions not seen since the 2019 protests, many are now bracing for what the coming hours and

days may bring.


KARADSHEH: And Eleni it did initially seem like the government was allowing the protests to go ahead to an extent over the past few days, perhaps

recognizing the sort of widespread public outrage over the deaths of Mahsa Amini but right now it does seem like they are drawing a line and a lot of

people are bracing for what might be coming or what might be even happening right now.


GIOKOS: All right. Jomana Karadsheh, thank you so much. Is a recession on the horizon? That question is giving investors the jitters. And we'll look

at how the markets are faring on the back of that fear and what look cosmic.

Oh, what coming up next, I mean, you can see the DOW Jones is down one and a half percent. We'll bring you all of that in just a moment. Plus, the

Bank of England warns the UK may already be in recession, Britain's new finance minister unveils a bid to rescue the economy. We'll show it to you

in just a moment.


GIOKOS: It is a rough day for U.S. market stocks fall right out of the gates on fears more rate hikes will send the economy into a recession.

That's been the fear for quite some time now. The DOW Jones right now is under pressure. It is down one and a half percent.

The tech heavy NASDAQ is also taking a drop as well. And we've also got as you can see the S&P 500 down almost 2 percent NASDAQ down almost 2 percent.

All right well, here's the problem, and let's takes this through.

The Fed continues to increase rates to curb inflation which in turn could drag the economy into a recession. CNN Business Correspondent Rahel Solomon

joins us now live from New York with more. It's just the question how much of this has really been priced in Rahel?

I guess the recession fears have been making the rounds for quite some time, but it always just as a bit of a reality check when we see the

markets responding.

RAHEL SOLOMON, CNN CORRESPONDENT: That's a really great way to put it Eleni, right, it does start to feel like reality is starting to set in

because we have been talking about the potential of a recession, practically all year.

But we've also been talking about the soft landing this sort of Goldilocks phase that is very hard to achieve, but would essentially mean the Fed can

raise rates to curb inflation, but not do it so much that it causes a recession.

And that is looking increasingly more unlikely every time the Fed raises rates of this magnitude of this significance three quarters of a percent

this last week. And Eleni as you know, it's not just here in the U.S., many central banks around the world this week also raised rates as they tried to

curb inflation.

It wasn't just the U.S. that raised rates 75 basis points. It was also, of course, Switzerland, Norway and the Bank of England this week, raising 50

basis points for interest rates in Sweden, starting the week off really setting the tone quite aggressively at a full percentage point.

So it's not even just what's happening here in the U.S. but Eleni as you know, it's what's happening around the globe as central bankers really race

to try to put a lid on inflation.

The question is how much pain will that cause. Chairman Powell of the Federal Reserve saying this week, I wish there was a painful way or

painless way to do this, but there isn't. And so that's what Investors are sort of coming to terms with, as you pointed out that reality setting in.

GIOKOS: Yes, I tell you, you know, I'm looking at the oil prices doing and that's coming under pressure. And here's the thing with recession fears

right, it means less demand.


GIOKOS: Lower oil price means less inflation. So then it'll have the desired effect. But it does come with a lot of pain. I mean, Brent crude

price is down, around 5 percent, WTI, crude, almost 6 percent down as well on the back of these fears.

SOLOMON: Well, you know, what's interesting Eleni is that this is actually the first time we've seen WTI go below $80 a barrel since January of this

year to your point.

And there are a few things happening in the oil market, as you pointed out, it's the fear of less demand, because of a recession, because obviously, if

you're not working, you're not driving, you're not shopping.

And so that sort of impacts the demand side of it. But it's also the strength of the U.S. dollar, as Investors plunge in sort of flocked to the

U.S. dollar, where we're seeing a lot of strength. And so they're moving out of commodities.

You can see them moving out of equities, and are flocking to safe havens. So you have a lot of different things happening here. But the sort of

underlying concern is that we are heading straight toward a recession.

Of course, that is something we all hope to avoid. But it's increasingly becoming the feeling is increasingly becoming like it's inevitable.

GIOKOS: Yes, markets don't like uncertainty. They don't like - recession and of course, they want to see growth. So it's I think it's pretty much

evidence and what the markets are doing now. Rahel Solomon, good to see you. Thank you so much. We're heading to London now where the British

government has just taken the wraps of sweeping tax cuts, and a big increase in borrowing.

UK Finance Minister Kwasi Kwarteng unveiled what's being called a mini budget a short time ago. He told the British Parliament's the government

needs, "A new approach for a new era". I want you to take a listen.


KWASI KWARTENG, BRITISH FINANCE MINISTER: As a government, we will focus on growth, even where that means taking difficult decisions. Now, none of this

is going to happen overnight. But today, but today, we are publishing our growth plan.

Today, we are publishing our growth plan that sets out a new approach for this new era built around three central priorities, reforming the supply

side of the economy, maintaining a responsible approach to public finance and cutting taxes to boost growth.


GIOKOS: Right. After that expected announcement, the palm sank to its lowest level since 1985. Now the opposition is calling the plan trickle

down economic. CNN's Anna Stewart is live for us from London, Anna, fascinating.

Yes, this is a counter cyclical approach, right? So spend when times are tough, where you see risk on the horizon to try spurring economic growth.

But it comes at a cost. And how is that going to be paid is the big question.

ANNA STEWART, CNN REPORTER: Yes, this is one of the most ambitious fiscal plans that I have certainly ever reported on. It is a mega tax cutting

program, the biggest tax cuts for 50 years and at the same time, a mega spending plan as well. Let's bring you some of the highlights.

And you will see how many tax cuts are in there and how they really target the highest earners in society disproportionately, really. So it's coming

under a lot of opposition, particularly from the opposition Labor Party.

But also I suspect, for many people around the UK, and there's the energy bills being subsidized. Now, all of this is going to cost a lot of money.

This is what the Treasury thinks that will cost in terms of the tax cuts 45 billion pounds by 2027. And in terms of the energy freeze 60 billion pounds

over the next six months now. So the UK is debt management office have upped their plan bond sales already for this fiscal year by 62 billion


As this was a fiscal statement, we don't really know yet from the OBR the Office for Budget Responsibility, what the impact will be, given this

precise plan in terms of the economy and the government spending and how much they're going to have to borrow Eleni?

GIOKOS: Yes, really good point there. Look, market reaction has been fascinating seeing the pound falling to levels that we haven't seen since

1985. But it is fascinating that they're taking this approach because they're banking on trying to help the consumer right by spurring growth,

putting more hands in the pockets of people and I mean this could blow up in their faces, the market. So what are they telling us?

STEWART: Yes, well look at the pound right now. It is as you say, at a multi decade low once again, it has been under pressure for many weeks now.

And of course the dollar is strong, but it is lower against the euro as well.

If you look at gilts the cost of borrowing has raised considerably as Investors are preparing for, you know even more issuance. And also, I think

the expectation that the Bank of England will have to be even more aggressive to dry and potentially dampened down longer prolonged inflation,

even with the energy price cap.

That's what the markets are saying the Institute of Fiscal Studies are fascinating. The director of that Economic body an independent body

literally looks at the gilt market today and tweeted this is worrying.


STEWART: Here's what they think in terms of the borrowing that will be needed over the coming years, you can see that it's nearly double what it

would have been. So the light green you see there is what was forecast in terms of the government's bond borrowing.

And then you see the big chart that nearly doubling for this current year over doubling for the next year. And of course, it's at a time when

Sterling of course, is so weak. Positive note, some business bodies like the CBI, the IOD, they're kind of happy with some of the business measures,

but I think everyone wants to see what the real impact of this will be on the economy. They want that OBR forecast and we haven't got it yet.

GIOKOS: Yes, and the pond as low as little since 1985. You weren't even born there right, Anna?

STEWART: I wasn't, thanks Eleni.

GIOKOS: Letting your lifetime levels not seen anywhere like this, all right, Anna Stewart always good to see you. Alright, moving on now, a

deadly storm that left a trail of destruction across several Caribbean islands is now pulling away from Bermuda and setting its sights on Canada.

Hurricane warnings are in place from Nova Scotia to Newfoundland as Fiona approaches. A category three strength it is expected to deliver historic

storm surge when it hits Saturday, potentially the strongest hurricane ever to hit the Canadian Coast.

Meteorologist Chad Myers is tracking Fiona for us. Chad, I want you to give me a sense of what we're seeing on the forecasting side and what the

warnings are telling us.

CHAD MYERS, CNN METEOROLOGIST: We are going to be looking at the worst land falling event for Atlantic Canada, maybe forever, certainly within 50

years. This is a bubble of water under this hurricane that has been a hurricane for a long time.

So this is a two meter bubble. And that two meter bubble is going to try to crash onshore as storm surge today. At the same time, there will be waves

and forecasts. This is what we're talking about 15 meter waves in some spots, and the winds are still going to be about 160 kph as the storm makes


This is going to take place after dark tonight, the winds start to get there overnight, the waves will be crashing, things will be moving around,

the trees still have leaves on them.

So even though we're talking about the waves of 15 meters, the trees are going to be swaying back and forth because they haven't lost their leaves.

They probably will lose them after this event.

But so many trees are going to fall and rainfall isn't going to help 150 millimeters of rain and their roots are just sitting there in mud. We are

going to have major power outages and possibly for a very long time and as you said, Nova Scotia in the hurricane warning and all the way up to


That's the area that we're going to see the most damage. But there is going to be widespread damage with widespread winds, you know, Halifax you're not

really on the bad side of the storm, but you're still going to be seeing wind gusts over 80 miles per hour, 110 kph.

That is still going to do a lot of damage to the structure around the area to the wind at the power lines that are going to be coming down. I'm really

not looking forward to waking up tomorrow morning.

And I know that people tonight in Nova Scotia, Newfoundland are not really looking forward to going to sleep at all, because this is going to be a

rough, rough storm, the roughest ebb we've seen in a very long time.

GIOKOS: Yes, Chad, thank you very much for bringing that to us. We'll be watching this very closely, I guess over the next couple of days. Much

appreciate it. Right, well, still ahead, they say their land was taken from them in the name of the British crown. Now they want to be compensated.

We'll have the latest from Kenya.



GIOKOS: Welcome back, I'm Eleni Giokos in Dubai. And you're watching "Connect the World" states referenda underway in four Ukrainian regions

under varying degrees of Russian control.

Ukraine and Western governments call them sham votes, hastily arranged by Russian President Vladimir Putin amid Russian failures on the battlefield

and meant as a pretext to annex those regions into Russia.

Voting processes are irregular in some cases, ballots are being hand delivered to people's houses amid reports of threats and cohesion. My next

guest has asked is Vladimir Putin preparing a September surprise.

Historian Yuri Felshtinsky has written a number of books about Russia, including Blowing up Ukraine, The Return of Russian Terror and The Threat

of World War III. He joins me now via Skype from Boston, Yuri, great to have you on.

I want to talk about this September surprise in which you draw parallels to previous incidents that we've seen in terms of how important September is.

We have had a surprise already with this partial mobilization with the referenda that is going on.

But in the same breath, perhaps it was inevitable because we know that Moscow is not going to just stand by and watch Ukraine take territory back.

YURI FELSHTINSKY, AUTHOR, "BLOWING UP UKRAINE: THE RETURN OF RUSSIAN TERROR": Well, I hope they will have no choice but at one point to stay and

watch, we need to say that this is the first mobilization in Russian slash Soviet history. The first one was in July of 1914. The second one was on

23rd of June 1941.

And the third one is now as you understand first two are directly connected to First World War and Second World War. So the question is you were in the

Third World War.

And there is a possibility that we are, there is another surprise which is waiting for us since October 7, which is 70s bills. They have Putin and he

might want to have some presents for himself for that date, or some other people might want to have presents for him for that day.

But a referendum of course, is a joke. It's impossible seriously to look at them. We could laugh, but unfortunately, it's too tragic, so the

referendums would never be recognized.

Even the Crimean referendum was never recognized. So we're going to wait and see what's going to happen. But I'm afraid this war will take long time

to end. GIOKOS: Yuri, you know, Anthony Blinken, the U.S. Secretary of State yesterday, yesterday said that it is a risk that, you know, Vladimir

Putin wants the next part of Ukraine, where he is at in the same breath warned that if Russian territory is attacked in any way that a nuclear

threat becomes a lot more possible.

I want you to give me a sense of what could possibly be going through in terms of that Moscow's strategy right now in terms of annexation and how

that might be correlated to a nuclear threat.

FELSHTINSKY: Well, here he is, is a problem. Putin is saying well, we conducted referendums. This territory is now ours. If you're involved in

military activity against these territories, this is the same as if you're fighting Russia.

And if you're fighting Russia, then we have the right to use nuclear weapons. I do not really think that he will use nuclear weapons from the

territory of the Russian Federation because he understand that retaliation is going to be then be a problem for him and for the Russian federation.


FELSHTINSKY: But I think the greater risk is that he will move nuclear weapons to Belarus, which he pulled out from non-nuclear status some months

ago, and that that talk will be happening from Belarus, not from the Russian Federation.

So the retaliation would be against Belarusian, not against Russia. I'm afraid this is the only reason Putin is not annexing Belarus the same way

he's trying to--

GIOKOS: Do you think they'll use nuclear weapons? Do you think that that is a possibility, despite the risks regionally, globally and for Russia

itself? Is it capable?

FELSHTINSKY: Well, I think the short answer is yes. And you see in 2015, we never expected Putin to invade Ukraine in 2022. In February, we never

expected Putin to start full scale war against Ukraine, you know, and against entire Europe.

So we better be very careful with - that he would not use it. But once again, I think he will use it from Belarus, not from Russia. And I think we

should try to prevent Russia moving nuclear weapons to Belarus.

If we hear - Russia move nuclear weapons there, then we are all in real danger. So we better take some preventive steps.

GIOKOS: Yuri, Yuri Felshtinsky, thank you very much for sharing those thoughts with us and an ominous warning there, thank you very much.


GIOKOS: Right still ahead, why Palestinians in the West Bank say there's a whole lot of blame to go around in the midst of the deadliest violence

there in years.


GIOKOS: A surge of deadly violence in the West Bank this year has fueled Palestinian anger at the Israeli military. And also at the Palestinian

government and its security services both accused of incompetence and complicity with Israel. Hadas Gold has details from the West Bank.


HADAS GOLD, CNN JERUSALEM CORRESPONDENT (voice over): It was the early hours of September 6. And 29 year old Mohammad Sabaaneh was live on TikTok

filming the near nightly clashes between Israeli forces and Palestinians in the West Bank town of Jenin.

But suddenly the stream is cut short. This was the moment Mohammad was shot family that was with him says. His mother Saeda Abu Tabikh grows emotional

as she says Muhammad was just documenting the clashes.


GOLD (voice over): Another Palestinian killed here as tension in the West Bank boils to levels not seen in years.

SAEDA ABU TABIKH, MOHAMMED MUSA SABAANEH'S MOTHER: I say to all mothers around us, it is not safe here at all. If your son is out when clashes are

going on, you should consider your son dead.

GOLD (voice over): The Israeli army said it came under attack by rioters in night when Mohammad died and is examining the circumstances around his

death. Though there is a photo of Sabaaneh with a gun, a common pose for young men from Jenin, nothing in this video suggest he was armed when he

was killed.

Israel has been regularly raiding the militant stronghold of Jenin lined with posters and memorabilia praising Palestinians who have been killed or

in prison. The latest pickup of military operations across the West Bank which Israel has dubbed breaking the wave began after a series of attacks

targeting Israeli started earlier this year, leaving more than 19 dead and dozens more wounded according to Israel Security Agency.

Israeli officials say such operations are necessary as attacks continue, tweed up militants and confiscate weapons.

RONEN BAR, DIRECTOR, SHIN BET SECURITY AGENCY: We have prevented 312 significant attacks stabbing and firing suicide attacks, planning's. We

have carried out over 2000 arrests and have increases by tens of percentages the arrest of arms dealers.

GOLD (voice over): But such rates have made 2022 the deadliest year for Palestinians in the West Bank since 2015. At least 97 killed by Israeli

forces so far this year, according to the Palestinian Ministry of Health.

And while Israel says most killed were violently engaging with their soldiers, unarmed civilians have been cut off as well. Like Al Jazeera

Correspondent Shireen Abu Akleh killed while covering one of these raids in Jenin.

Israeli leadership says the weakness of the Palestinian security services forces them to go into West Bank communities to stop militants.

BENNY GANTZ, ISRAELI DEFENSE MINISTER: At the same time, we demand that the Palestinian Authority not only smashed out against terrorism, but also act

against it. The spread of weapons and the lack of governance are harming both the Palestinian people and the Palestinian Authority itself.

GOLD (on camera): The Palestinian Authority and its security services have become increasingly unpopular amongst Palestinians in recent years, partly

for continuing to cooperate with Israel on security matters in accordance with the Oslo Accords, but also for increasingly authoritarian behavior,

like not holding elections, while making no progress towards a political solution in a Palestinian state.

GOLD (voice over): And in startling scenes for many Palestinians, residents in Nablus threw stones in class with Palestinian security forces there this

week, one was left dead. A decade long Israeli occupation, and no glimmer of a political horizon has made militancy more attractive for Palestinian

youth since Dr. Mustafa Barghouti, leader of the Independent Palestinian National Initiative Party.

DR. MUSTAFA BARGHOUTI, PRESIDENT, PALESTINIAN NATIONAL INITIATIVE: At this time, they come to only one conclusion they will hear you, they will hear

you only if you use guns. And that is, of course, dangerous situation for which not only the Palestinian Authority is responsible, but mainly it is

Israel that is responsible for creating this situation.

GOLD (voice over): Back in Jenin, that frustration is palpable with Mohammad's cousin Ahmad, who was with Muhammad the night he died and says

they weren't participating in the clashes.

Now wearing a shirt that says crime in Hebrew, and around his neck, a picture of Mohammad, he says he feels a mixture of apathy and anger. Hadas

Gold CNN, the West Bank.


GIOKOS: Well, Palestinian authority has not responded to a CNN request for a comment on the story. Now a group of Kenyans are taking action against

what they call Colonial Era abuse.

They say their land was taken from them and now they're taking the British government to court. CNN's David McKenzie has the story.


DAVID MCKENZIE, CNN SENIOR INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT (voice over): James Bee (Ph) shows the legacy of the past, their modest plot borders, what was

once their land, some of the most fertile in Kenya, now a lucrative Tea Mecca.

It was taken from them in the name of the British crown. It's a colonial era eviction that led to generations of struggle for the - in Kenya and for

Bees family.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I am very bitter, because the load I carried as the head son is what my father couldn't carry. That is why, as we are here, the load

that I took


MCKENZIE (voice over): In Kenya and across their empire, British colonial authorities ruled with an iron fist, displacing local communities for white

settlers, crushing dissent. It's a shameful history for modern Britain and its royal family.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The British should compensate us. They should bring us our land.

TEMBEKA NGCUKAITOBI, SENIOR ADVOCATE, LAND RIGHTS AUTHOR: What the British did in Africa, were crimes against humanity.

MCKENZIE (voice over): South African advocate and author Tembeka Ngcukaitobi says there's a growing movement in Africa to seek justice and

compensation from Britain.

NGCUKAITOBI: Restitution lies at the heart of what Africans can do in order to confront the legacy of British imperialism.

MCKENZIE (on camera): And what responsibility do the Royals have for that?

NGCUKAITOBI: The Royals have been at the heart of conquest of Africa. They have been central to the conquest of Africa.

QUEEN ELIZABETH: I declare before you all, that my whole life, whether it be long or short, shall be devoted to your service and to the service of

our great imperial family, to which we all belong.

MCKENZIE (voice over): Imperial expansion came before Queen Elizabeth. During her long reign, she presided over the dissolution of the Empire, but

she never publicly acknowledged her family's role in its brutality. And it didn't go unnoticed.

NGCUKAITOBI: A lot of people don't appreciate the impact of Queen Elizabeth II, because far from the sort of benign queen that she has been projected

to have been. What she was able to do was to put a soft cloth over the Iron Fist of imperialism to give imperialism an acceptable face.

MCKENZIE (voice over): What happened was a sin committed by the past kings and queens and the royal family says 83 year old Elizabeth Rotich (Ph). He

says her family was pushed off her land and a sin like that follows through the generations. She says she mourns the Queen's passing, but once an

apology and compensation from King Charles.


MCKENZIE: The Kipsigis have now lodged the claim at the European Court of Human Rights but their attempts to reach out to individual members of the

royal family have gone unanswered.

Some 10 years ago, another group of Kenyans received compensation and an apology of sorts from the British government. But activists say it isn't

nearly enough and they expect calls for reparations to grow even louder. David McKenzie, CNN Johannesburg.

GIOKOS: NASA has new plans to protect us from flying objects, but it may sound like science fiction. Wait until you hear how it works, that's coming

up next. Plus a tennis legend and - Roger Federer gets ready to take his final bow on courts, our preview is next.


GIOKOS: NASA hopes throwing a DART at an asteroid can someday save earth. In this case DART stands for the Double Asteroid Redirection Test. It works

like this.


GIOKOS: NASA sends a spacecraft about the size of a refrigerator to crash into an asteroid, hoping to throw it off course. And it's testing that

technology on Monday. But don't worry, this is only a test the asteroid in the crosshairs.

This time poses no danger to Earth. CNN Space Correspondent Kristin Fisher joins us now from Washington with the details. Kristen, actually, when I

started reading the story, I was like, is there an asteroid hitting the earth? But stay calm, this is just the test.

KRISTIN FISHER, CNN SPACE & DEFENSE CORRESPONDENT: Correct. This asteroid poses absolutely zero threat to planet earth. In fact, there's no known

asteroids out there that pose a threat to planet earth. But of course, we all know what happened to the dinosaurs, right.

And so yesterday, there was a briefing held by NASA and NASA's chief scientist and senior climate adviser said, you know, the dinosaurs didn't

have this type of technology. They didn't have a space program.

Well, we do. And so NASA is taking matters into their own hand trying to get ahead of this problem, in case in the future there ever is a killer

asteroid that's coming to wipe out planet Earth.

So this really benefits not just NASA, not just the United States, but truly, not even just all of humanity, literally every little living thing

on this planet. Now this spacecraft, the DART spacecraft it launched back in November.

For the last 10 months, it has been traveling through space, targeting this asteroid called Didymos. But Didymos has a smaller moonlet, a smaller

asteroid called Dimorphos, and that's the actual target here.

So this spacecraft is getting closer and closer to Didymos about 50 minutes prior to impact, it's going to switch its sights to Dimorphos, the smaller

asteroid. And then we're going to be able to watch all of this live because there is a camera mounted on the DART spacecraft.

And so it's going to get closer and closer to this asteroid, we'll be able to see it closing in, and then when it hits, it's just going to go black.

So simply hitting an asteroid in the vast expanse of space will be quite a feat in and of itself.

But the big question, of course, are they able to reach their goal, which is to actually bump or move this smaller asteroid slightly off of its

orbit, Eleni that is going to likely take several weeks to figure out.

Because the way they do it is they're going to use ground based telescopes to see if this asteroid has been successfully bumped out of its orbit. So

it's going to take a little bit of time, but the images should be pretty spectacular when we get them. But we will have those initial live ones on

the night of impact on Monday, Eleni.

GIOKOS: Yes, I'm so in awe of what they're up to. You know, it's just fascinating. I hope Didymos and Dimorphos are thrown off course and

important for just in case an asteroid heads away. Kristen, always good to speak to you, thank you so very much. Have a great weekend.

FISHER: Great to see you.

GIOKOS: All right. In the coming hours tennis legend Roger Federer will hit the court for the last time in his professional career. He's set to retire

after teaming up with longtime friend and rival Rafael Nadal for a special doubles match at London's O2 Arena. The pair have 42 Grand Slam titles

between them.

CNN's Alex Thomas is standing by at the O2 Arena and joins us now live. Alex, firstly I'm jealous, you know, I'm glad that you're there and you're

going to experience this. So what are you expecting? And importantly, what kind of reception is Roger going to have in London?

ALEX THOMAS, CNN WORLD SPORT: I mean, you'll have a huge reception. He's hugely popular wherever he goes around the world, as we've seen over the

last 24 years of his professional career and London is a special place to him.

He is of course an eight time Wimbledon champion above that venue. The salubrious surrounds of the All England Club on the direct opposite side of

London to where we are in the east at the O2 Arena where this Labor Cup tournament is underway.

A team event, team Europe against team world and its euro per two points to nothing up after we've seen victories from Casper Ruud and also from

Stefanos Tsitsipas earlier, maybe some of Federer's farewell rubbing off.

Some inspiration on the European players to put on a best show in front of the king of tennis in his final appearance as a competitor and it will be

alongside Rafael Nadal. We've seen Federer really milking this is final week trying to make it happy and a party not funereal, they had a gala

where they all dressed up in black tie. We've seen Federer playing table tennis before that. And he's certainly going to try and enjoy himself. But

also be competitive and try and go out with a win in the doubles in the evening session here later on Friday.

GIOKOS: Yes I mean look, a huge legacy. He's inspired so many. And we say goodbye to him reluctantly. What is the ultimate legacy would you say going

to be?


THOMAS: Yes, I mean, he's an all-time great of sport, not just tennis. He's been a great ambassador for the game as well speaking several languages,

getting his time freely to the media and the fans.

I think you'll have quite a good post tennis career as well because of that Eleni. Have a listen to what two other tennis greats - and John McEnroe had

to say. They're the captains of Team Europe and team World.

You know, McEnroe, just delighted to see all the Fab Four Federer Djokovic Nadal and Mario here together and Borg just saying how great a player

Federer is. We've run out of time. We can't play that sound bite. But there have been so many tributes to Federer all week.

GIOKOS: All right. Alex Thomas, thank you very much. Good to see you. Thank you so very much for joining us for the show. "One World" is up next with

Zain Asher, stay with CNN.