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Ukraine Pursuing Charges against Russia for War Crime; Interview with European Commission President Ursula van der Leyen on Russia's War; World Economic Forum Begins amid Recession Fears; Turkiye Faces Pressure from U.S. to Approve NATO Expansion; China Posts Poor Economic Performance; Search Ongoing for Remains at Yeti Airlines Crash Site; Avian Flu Battering Farms around the World. Aired 10-10:40a ET

Aired January 17, 2023 - 10:00   ET




BECKY ANDERSON, CNN HOST (voice-over): "It's a war crime," the words of Ukraine's president, as more bodies are found in the wreckage of this

civilian apartment building. We're live in the city for more details for you.

Baby bust: China's population declines for the first time in 60 years.

What does that mean for future economic growth?

And tears and prayers, the victims of Sunday's Nepal plane crash as the search continues for the last person still missing.


ANDERSON: I'm Becky Anderson, hello and welcome to CONNECT THE WORLD.

The death toll is rising, in an attack that Ukraine's president calls a war crime. The mayor of Dnipro says 44 people are now confirmed dead in a

Russian cruise missile strike on an apartment building. Four of those killed are children, 25 others remain missing.

It is one of the deadliest single attacks in a war that the U.N. says has claimed the lives of 7,000 civilians. Ukraine's president vowing those

behind the attack will be brought to justice.


VOLODYMYR ZELENSKYY, UKRAINIAN PRESIDENT (through translator): We will use all available opportunities, both national and international, to ensure

that all Russian murderers, everyone who gives and execute orders on missile terror against our people, face legal sentences and to ensure that

they serve their punishment.


ANDERSON: In the meantime, the status of the town of Soledar remains unclear today. Russian-backed fighters from the Wagner paramilitary group,

say that they have captured the main train station just northwest of the mining town.

Ukraine insists fighting continues in the area, days after Russia claimed it took full control of Soledar. Meantime a former Wagner commander has

fled to Norway and is seeking asylum there.

He says he feared for his life after refusing to renew his service with the group after his initial contract ended.

Fred Pleitgen is in Dnipro for us this evening. And that is where we will start.

Fred, as the death toll goes higher, we are hearing about a resignation in Ukraine tied to comments about the attack. Just explain what we know at

this point.


Yes, that's an adviser to the presidential office here called Oleksiy Arestovych, he did resign today. The reason for, that was there was a lot

of controversy about some of the comments he made shortly after the attack on this building took place.

He was insinuating or saying, that possibly what happened was there was a Ukrainian surface to air missile, that may have taken or hit the Russian

missile that was fired at this town and that that might be the reason why it hit this building.

As you can imagine, a lot of people here in Dnipro found those comments offensive. In fact the mayor of Dnipro absolutely went after him, as did a

lot of other people. There was a lot of controversy.

He, in the end, resigned in a resignation letter today. One of the things that we also have to talk about is that the Russians really did milk those

words from Oleksiy Arestovych. In fact, the Kremlin spokesman, he came out and he said that, look, the Ukrainians said themselves, that it was a

Ukrainian surface to air missile that did that.

The Russians, of course, denied that they were behind all this. The Ukrainians for their. Part saying it's absolutely not true, the Ukrainian

air force is saying that they tracked that missile from the moment it was fired off, a Russian bomber, in the Sea of Azov, all the way to here. They

simply don't have the means to take them down.

Of course the Ukrainians are very concerned, they want better air defense systems, to make sure that something like what you see behind, me that

gaping hole where dozens of families used to, live does not happen again in the future.

Now what we're seeing tonight, Becky, is that the search and rescue operation is over, that's why it's a lot darker than it was the past couple

of days. But you're absolutely right to point, out there are still bodies being pulled from the rubble. I want to show you what we witnessed today.


PLEITGEN (voice-over): Sirens and flashing lights mark the end of a search and rescue operation.


PLEITGEN (voice-over): The responders who worked around the clock since the missile struck honored and themselves paid respect to the victims. A

gaping hole where dozens of families once lived.

PLEITGEN: As you can see here this building was completely annihilated all the way down to the ground floor. The Ukrainians say the reason why the

damage is so extensive, is the Russians used a cruise missile called the Kh-22. That is designed to destroy whole aircraft carrier strike groups.

And when it hit the building, the building completely collapsed and buried dozens of people underneath. A miracle that anybody survived at all,

Ukrainian authorities say.

Catarina Zelenska (ph) was pulled from the rubble by rescuers hours after the strike but her husband and 1 year old son remain unaccounted for.

And this video shows happier times for the Koranovski (ph) family. Father Mikhailo Koranovski (ph) was killed in their apartment, their distinctive

yellow kitchen, like their family, torn apart by the massive explosion.

Fifteen-year-old Maria was also killed in the blast. Dozens of relatives, classmates and teachers coming to pay their final respects.

"She was an incredible child," her class teacher says. "It is taking the best of ours. This is what happened."

The Kremlin denied its forces were behind the strike and instead claims that an Ukrainian anti aircraft missile hit the building. The Ukrainians

say that simply isn't true. And Dnipro's mayor tells me his city and the country need more Western air defense systems.

"Western countries give us air defense systems," he tells me, "but unfortunately it is not enough and it comes with delays. More air defense

systems are the only thing that can save our civilians in our cities."

PLEITGEN: The Ukrainians say they had no chance of stopping this missile that crashed into the building, almost 72 hours after the strike. The crews

acknowledge there is no more hope of finding a survivor.


PLEITGEN: The crews did work day and night here, Becky, clearing the debris. One of the amazing stats they gave us a couple hours ago, they said

in the 72 hours since the missile struck, they've been clearing about 8,500 metric tons of debris from this area.

Of course, unfortunately, finding a lot of bodies underneath debris. You said that the mayor of this town has said that right now, the death toll

stands at 44. And unfortunately, four children among that, Becky.

ANDERSON: It's shocking, isn't it. You are in Dnipro and that is what we have been talking about, and rightly so. In the meantime, Wagner

mercenaries do appear to still be fighting around the mining town of Soledar.

And still some confusion as to what they are doing there, what the Russian military is doing and how the Ukrainians are defending. It so some

confusion about that.

What do we know though about this Wagner commander, former commander, who has now fled to Norway?

PLEITGEN: It's certainly an interesting incident with that former Wagner commander fleeing to Norway. One of the things that we can tell you, is

that Wagner and Yevgeny Prigozhin, the head of Wagner, now acknowledge that this was in fact a former Wagner commander.

His name is Andrei Medvedev. According to the Norwegians and the Finns as well, he came across the border to Norway at the Arctic border, basically

gave himself up to authorities there, said he went to the next best house, explained his situation and was then taken into custody.

One of the things that he said was that he feared retribution from the Wagner group because he was a commander there but didn't want to renew his

contract with that organization.

And quite frankly, he feared for his life and therefore fled to Europe. One of the things that he cited was there was an incident, of course, a couple

of weeks ago, for someone who had fought for Wagner, who was taken into custody here in Ukraine, who was then killed by Wagner quite publicly with

a sledgehammer.

So certainly Andrei Medvedev really feared for his, life he said he therefore fled to Norway, unclear how big a blow that actually is to the

Wagner group, Becky.

ANDERSON: If nothing else, there should be some intel from that man. Stay with me Fred.

Germany's allies as you are aware are ramping up pressure on Chancellor Olaf Scholz to allow the export of German made Leopard tanks to Ukraine.

CNN's Christiane Amanpour sat down for an interview with the president of the European Commission and she asked Ursula van der Leyen about Europe

delivering further military equipment to Ukraine, have a listen to that exchange.



CHRISTIANE AMANPOUR, CNN CHIEF INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Do you believe that the German chancellor should deliver the Leopard tanks to join what

other European countries are doing now?

URSULA VAN DER LEYEN, PRESIDENT, EUROPEAN COMMISSION: As you know, the European Union does not own any military capabilities. But I've said from

the onset of this atrocious war, that Ukraine should get all the military equipment it needs and it can handle.

This also includes the advanced system. So I hope very much that at Ramstein, when the meeting is -- I think it's the 20th of January-- that

there will be a big move forward and the decision taken that is so necessary. Overall Ukraine also says that they have gotten a lot of support

and that is good. But yes, we need to step up in that.

AMANPOUR: I mean, again, you're the former defense minister of Germany, I know you're currently the president of the European Commission. But you

know Chancellor Scholz, you know these people.

Will you be urging him to make that decision on behalf of Europe and on behalf of what you all say is to defend Ukraine to the end, that Putin

mustn't win and that your credibility is on the line right now?

VON DER LEYEN: Yes. But I do not have to convince the head of state and government, because they know that. Of course we talk a lot about this

topic, it has been, for example, every single time a subject at the European Council.

And indeed, there is a need to step up now the deliveries. We just made the decision that we will deliver 18 billion euros in 2023 as financial

support. That is the responsibility, for example, of the commission.

Yesterday, we passed the first tranche of 3 billion for the month of January and February. So in many different urgent fields, we're stepping

up. And again, I think Ukraine should get that material it needs and that it can handle.


ANDERSON: Frederik Pleitgen joins us again.

When you're not based in Ukraine, you're based often in Berlin. So you're well aware of the thinking of the current administration there.

What do you make of what you just heard?

PLEITGEN: Well, first of, all I do think that the pressure on Olaf Scholz to give Ukraine the Leopard 2 tanks is growing. And there is a good chance

that might happen as early as that next meeting.

However, there's huge inhibitions on the part of Olaf Scholz. He has a lot of issues with his coalition partner, the Green and Liberals. They want

those tanks to be given to Ukraine.

However within the Social Democratic Party, within all Scholz's party, there is a lot of misgivings about that. There's a lot of pro Russian

sentiment in that party. But there is also a big issue with the fact that Germany obviously having invaded the Soviet Union in the Second World War,

to then possibly see in the not too distant future German tanks rolling over Russian positions in that very same territory.

There's a lot of people in Olaf Scholz's party that have a problem with that. However, a lot of people in Germany acknowledge now is probably the

time for main battle tanks to be given to Ukraine.

Some of the things that are spurring them on are, of course, the fact that the U.K. is now supplying those tanks as well. Clearly the U.S. doesn't

have a problem with it.

The Leopard 2 is a very, very important tank for the Ukrainians to have also, because so many countries in Europe use that tank and all of those

countries give only a few of those tanks. That would be dozens of many battle tanks that the Ukrainians could get very quickly.

Therefore, a lot of it hinges on Olaf Scholz and on the German decision as well, Becky.

ANDERSON: That's the context we needed for that.

That's the background, folks.

Very much appreciated, Fred, thank you very much.

You can catch the entire interview that Christiane conducted with the European Commission president in just a couple hours. That is "AMANPOUR,"

1:00 pm New York time, 10:00 pm here in Abu Dhabi. Stick with us for that.

Ukraine's first lady spoke about that horrific attack in Dnipro at the opening of the World Economic Forum in Davos, in Switzerland.

Olena Zelenska delivered a powerful warning to delegates, saying, quote, "We are facing the collapse of the world as we know it." And she said

Russia's aggression will not stop at Ukraine's borders.


OLENA ZELENSKA, FIRST LADY OF UKRAINE (through translator): There is nothing off limits for Russia. As we speak in our city of Dnipro, people

are still working and sorting through the debris of a residential area, of a house that was destroyed by an antiship missile.

This missile was built to destroy aircraft carriers and was used against the civilian infrastructure. These ordinary people, at home on a Saturday,

that's enough reason for Russia to kill.



ANDERSON: That is the Ukrainian first lady. Europe is promising to stand with Ukraine. global leaders gathered in Davos will also focus on the

threat of a global recession, the climate crisis and other issues at the annual meeting.

CNN's Clare Sebastian is monitoring the meeting in Davos. She joins us live from a slightly warmer London with the very latest.

Let's start with the speech by Ukraine's first lady. You were monitoring how that went down at Davos.

How was it received?

CLARE SEBASTIAN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: You know Becky, I think this was a very powerful moment, a moment for Ukraine's young first lady on the global

stage. She's been taking on an increasingly prominent role at getting the message out from Ukraine.

It really was a clear and unequivocal pitch for more weapons. As you are just saying, they have been getting more pledges of weapon, tanks from the

U.K., potentially more at the end of this week. Patriot missiles from the U.S.

But it is not enough, she said. And she did not hold back. She said that to the delegates, the fact that you're influential but some of you are not

using that influence. She called for more unity, she continued to reiterate the message we often hear from her husband, that this is not just about

Ukraine, this war.

This war she said can go further and one thing that was particularly striking was one of the ways she said this war can go further is the

nuclear threat.

She said, "What will life be in a world where tanks are allowed to strike at a nuclear power station?"

A clear reference to the fact that Russia still occupies the Zaporizhzhya nuclear power plant, Europe's largest nuclear power station. She said that

we cannot allow another Chernobyl.

Of course, we know this week, the U.N. nuclear watchdog is in Ukraine. They're setting up a permanent residence at all of Ukraine's nuclear power

stations. Clearly, the first lady, trying to make sure that this stays in the headlines.

ANDERSON: Clare Sebastian is in London for, you thank you Clare.

Turkiye facing growing pressure from the United States to give the green light to a NATO expansion. Finland and Sweden applied to join the military

alliance in the wake of Russia's invasion of Ukraine.

All 30 NATO members must approve this membership. So far, Turkiye has objected, citing the Nordic countries' ties to Kurdish separatist groups.

But the White House hopes that a multibillion dollar arms deal with the Turkish government that's facing congressional review this week will help

prod them into supporting the expansion.

Jomana Karadsheh has the very latest from Istanbul.

How long will Turkiye refused to give that green light to membership for Sweden and Finland?

At this, point is it clear whether this arms deal will be the push it needs?

JOMANA KARADSHEH, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Well, you know Becky, if you were to look at what Turkish officials have been saying recently, it doesn't look

like they are going to approve that membership anytime soon.

They say they are not in any rush to do this. Some Turkish officials indicating that this might not be sent to the Turkish parliament before

elections that are expected in May or June.

They say they haven't seen the concrete steps or not enough of those concrete steps taken by Sweden and Finland to address what they say are

Turkiye's serious national security concerns.

As you mentioned there, they've accused them of harboring members of Kurdish separatist groups, the PKK and others. President Erdogan in recent

days saying that they want Sweden to hand over more than 100 individuals.

But Becky, it's important to keep in mind, that what Turkiye's officials say publicly may not indicate where negotiations are behind closed doors.

We'll have to wait to see how that goes.

We've heard from U.S. officials, the NATO secretary general and others in recent months, in recent weeks, that they believe that, when it comes down

to it, to that vote, Turkiye is not going to veto the membership.

Some believe that what it is doing right now is using this position as leverage to try and extract concessions from Western countries and from

these two countries.

Specifically, look, I think and Turkish officials as well, have made it very clear that at least publicly of course, that the F-16 deal is in no

way linked to Turkiye approving the membership of Finland and Sweden into NATO.

But some believe that it will add pressure on Ankara to move that process ahead, I don't think any deal is going to be sweet enough, Becky, for

Turkiye to turn a blind eye to what it sees as its main top national security threat.


KARADSHEH: And what it has been complaining about for years and years now, the support it says, in arming of Kurdish armed groups in northern Syria by

its NATO allies, Western countries, including the United States. And it's making that very clear as we are seeing over the past few months over these


ANDERSON: Jomana Karadsheh is in Istanbul, in Turkiye. We are 19 past 6:00, 19 minutes past 7:00 here in the UAE, I'm in Abu Dhabi. Thank you,


Just ahead, China's changing story, involving more than 1.4 billion people. We'll get you inside what is a pivotal time for the world's second largest

economy. That is up next.




ANDERSON: China has got two big problems. One, its economy is slowing and its population is shrinking. First up, the growth picture for you, the

world's second biggest economy is posting one of its worst performances in decades, largely because of COVID.

Beijing says the country's economy expanded by just 3 percent in 2022. That may sound like a pretty reasonable number but that is far below the

government's target. Now we don't want to risk giving you numbers fatigue but the decline in China's population last, year the first drop in six

decades, is also a big deal.

In fact, it's considered a new milestone in the country's deepening demographic crisis. With significant implications for its slowing economy.


Well let's bring in CNN's Marc Stewart, to explain. He's live from Hong Kong.

Let's start with the economy here, I mean, the fourth quarter marked by some of the darkest days before the dawn, as some economists are referring

to Q4 in 2022.

So is China over the worst?

Should we assume for this economic growth picture to improve significantly in 2023?

MARC STEWART, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Well, Becky, I think China at least in this point time is sending this message that it is open for business and

that any of the hurdles that perhaps got in the way -- I'm thinking tech regulations, regulations surrounding housing -- will be eased up a bit.

So it will be easier for private investment to do business in China. That's the message that the central government is putting forward right now. But

Becky, it was just about 24 hours ago that we were talking about the fact that now that Mainland China's open.


STEWART: And people will be moving from point A to point B to see family members.

Will this lead to the spread of COVID?

We know COVID has been detrimental to the Chinese economy. It has impacted manufacturing, because people have been getting sick; it has closed ports.

And so many outside interests, American interests for example, depend on China to make their products.

That was all put to a standstill. So the future ahead, it remains to be seen. Becky, as one analyst said to me, the future may be bumpy and that

may not be an understatement.

ANDERSON: Absolutely, so don't expect this kind of massive spike in economic growth, at least in Q1. I think that's the story at the moment,


It I think that's been priced into the market as well. From its relatively slow economy -- and numbers like 3 percent growth are pretty good. I mean a

lot of countries around the world would love those. But it's not good in terms of, in terms of China's historic growth.

Aside from that, China's population, the first decline since 1961, in the last year of China's great famine.

What sort of implications does that have for China's economy and for the wider world?

STEWART: Well, you want to have a young, thriving, able-bodied workforce. And if the population is declining, that is hard to achieve. When we talk

about gross domestic product, GDP, we are talking about productivity.

And productivity, at the end of the day, it is powered by people. So when you have an aging population and a population that is not expanding, that

can have implications for China's economy.

Again, it's a manufacturing based economy. It depends on exports for part of it, for part of its economic growth. So that's, that's something to be

very concerned about, in fact, the United Nations has done some projections.

And it feels that at this point, India actually will likely have the largest population in 2023. So China has this task to encourage families to

have more children. We know there is a one-child policy that was lifted in 2015; in 2021, it was expanded for families to now have three children.

So the government -- expect the government to offer some incentives if you, will financial incentives for more people to have children so they have a

strong workforce for the future.

ANDERSON: That's fascinating. And you're right to point that out, that the population in India, by the second quarter, as I understand it, will just

jump above that of China.


ANDERSON: We're talking over 1.4 billion people. Marc, it's always a pleasure, thank you sir.

Coming up after the break, folks, the painstaking search for the last victim of the downed Yeti flight in Nepal continues, we'll have the very

latest on the investigation for you.





ANDERSON: Welcome, back I'm Becky Anderson in Abu Dhabi, where the time is just half past 7:00. You're watching CONNECT THE WORLD.

In Nepal, the remains of all but one person who died in the Yeti Airlines plane crash have now been found; 72 people in total were on board. The

search for the last missing victim is set to resume on Wednesday. Meanwhile, a candlelight vigil for all the victims was held in Kathmandu.

CNN's Ivan Watson has more.


IVAN WATSON, CNN SENIOR INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): A family in shock. Their son, Abhishek Kushwaha, was on vacation in Nepal with three

of his friends when their plane suddenly crashed on Sunday.

"We lost our family's only breadwinner," says his father, in India. "He was an accomplished, educated boy."

An eyewitness happened to record the doomed Yeti Airlines plane abruptly banking seconds before it crashed. The aircraft slammed into a deep gorge,

carrying 72 passengers and crew.

A difficult search and rescue operation forcing emergency workers to use ropes and cranes. Most of those on board were Nepalis, as well as 15

passengers from India, Russia, Korea, Australia, Argentina, Ireland and France.

Authorities say they lost communication with the plane 18 minutes into what was supposed to be a 25-minute flight from the capital of Kathmandu to

Nepal's second largest city, Pokhara.

GEOFFREY THOMAS, AIRLINERATINGS.COM: It was a short flight. The workload is higher on the pilots. You've got to take off, to climb, you and crews,

really for a minute or two and then you are descending.

WATSON (voice-over): Nepal's prime minister announced a national day of mourning on Monday and formed a five-person committee to investigate the

cause of the crash.

Experts say the aircraft itself, a French-Italian made ATR 72 twin- engine turboprop, has a decent track record for safety unlike the aviation

industry in Nepal.

THOMAS: Since 2000, there have been 33 serious incidents in Nepal of which 21 have been fatal. So the track record is not good.

WATSON (voice-over): High in the Himalayans, Nepal is home to some of the world's tallest mountains. The country saw deadly plane crashes in 2016,

2018 and as recently as May of last year. Nearly 10 years ago, concern over safety standards prompted the European Union to ban all Nepali airlines

from flying to Europe.

Those details, of little concern to family members waiting outside a hospital in Pokhara, waiting for the final return of their loved ones --

Ivan Watson, CNN, Hong Kong.


ANDERSON: Vedika Sud is covering the story from New Delhi, she joins us, now.

Ivan, reporting there, what those who have lost loved ones are waiting for is the return of the victims' bodies.

What do we know about what's going on at this point?

VEDIKA SUD, CNN CORRESPONDENT: That is happening gradually, Becky. We've spoken to officials in Nepal. They say more than 40 bodies have been

airlifted to Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal. They'll be gradually handed over to family members once they've identified their loved ones.

It's going to take a while, because the identification process is a bit complicated, given that you, know the bodies are not in one piece, most of

them, according to these officials, unfortunately. Also more than 20 bodies have been handed over to family members in Pokhara.

So this process could take a bit longer. As far as the search operations are concerned, it's day 3 of search ops. And they have been suspended for

the day. They will resume tomorrow to find that one passenger who is missing. Today on Tuesday, two bodies were found, two more bodies.

And what we also do know is in terms of investigations and what we're hearing from officials on the ground is that there was a call from the

pilot to the air traffic controller in Pokhara to land on an alternate runway, the second runway -- there are two at the Pokhara airport -- and

permission was granted.


SUD: They really didn't see any issue in granting permission to the pilot. Also what's important to note, here is the official has said that there was

no distress call from the pilot before landing.

So the black boxes that were retrieved on Tuesday -- or rather on Monday -- will tell us more about what really happened in the moments before that

crash in Pokhara, Becky.

ANDERSON: Vedika Sud is on the story for, you thank you.

Let's get you to some of the other stories on our radar right now.

Germany has a new defense minister; 62 year old Boris Pistorius will take over the job in a time when the country faces growing pressure to send

military hardware, specifically tanks to Ukraine.

He is a longtime member of the Social Democrat Party, he replaces Christine Lambrecht, who resigned on Monday.

Anti government protesters converged on Peru's capital city, to call for the resignation of the current president. That's in spite of an extended

state of emergency that limits the right to assembly in Lima.

Protests began last month, when the former president was removed from office, after illegally trying to dissolve congress.

London's Metropolitan Police force says it is investigating as many as 1,000 sexual offense and abuse claims against approximately 800 serving

officers. This comes after an officer admitted in a call on Monday to nearly 50 offenses, including multiple counts of rape. That officer has now

been dismissed.

Still ahead, an Australian Open surprise, Andy Murray proves that he has still got what it takes to win. More details in our sports update, coming


But first:


UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: In the last couple of weeks, they've jumped as high as 60 percent.

ANDERSON (voice-over): Find out the latest driving force behind the price increase in eggs.






ANDERSON: A lot of your grocery items may have been a lot more expensive this past year. But it seems like nothing rivals the cost of eggs, up

nearly 60 percent in some places. Now avian flu is battering farms around the globe, causing the latest jump in egg prices.

CNN's Vanessa Yurkevich talks to business owners, who are having quite, frankly a very, hard time competing with such high prices.



VANESSA YURKEVICH, CNN BUSINESS AND POLITICS CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): In chilly Palmer, Alaska, the demand for chickens and their eggs is heating


DOON DYER, OWNER, POLARIS FARM: I was already sold out even before the egg shortage. I was -- I was selling everything I had.

YURKEVICH: If you've been to the grocery store recently, you may have noticed fewer eggs and higher prices, up about 11 percent last month on

average from November, up nearly 60 percent in the last year. $11.49 for a dozen eggs in New York, $10.99 in Hawaii.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I think it's ridiculous for it to be that much.

YURKEVICH: The highly pathogenic avian influenza or avian flu, is largely to blame. Nearly 58 million birds and climbing have died across 47 states

in the last year, a result of the deadly virus. Wild birds can carry the disease and spread it to domestic flocks when they migrate.

CHELSEA CARRIGAN, OWNER, RED BARN FARM: One wild bird coming into their chicken run and the next thing you know 10 birds, 20 birds, 30 birds,

they're just dropping dead.

YURKEVICH: Some states now recommending that all poultry be maintained indoors. Poultry and bird shows, canceled. And biosecurity around chickens,

strictly enforced.

SARAH SCHNEIDER, OWNER, EGG SHOP: The avian flu is serious.

YURKEVICH: Egg Shop, with two cafes in New York City, is struggling with prices on their main ingredient. The fall migration of wild birds sent

avian flu cases spiking again.

SCHNEIDER: We go through 7,000 to 9,000 eggs a week. So it's a significant amount of eggs. And in the last couple weeks they've jumped as high as 60


YURKEVICH: How have you been able to absorb the high price increases of eggs?

SCHNEIDER: Unfortunately, we have raised all of our prices about 10 percent on our menu items.

YURKEVICH (voice-over): For some, the increased cost is too much. Baked after Dark bakery in Nebraska will close its doors this weekend.

STACEY JOHNSON, OWNER, BAKED AFTER DARK: I think about what our family could afford to pay for a cookie. I take that into consideration. We can't

charge $5 a cookie.

YURKEVICH: The ripple effect goes beyond restaurants and bakeries. Take a look around the grocery store. Items that use eggs, like mayonnaise, are up

11.8 percent in the last year.

ANGELO PULEO, SUPERVISOR, MORTON WILLIAMS SUPERMARKETS: From the flu to the increases in inflation, all combined together with the shortage, it is

the perfect storm.

VERA NEWHOUSE, NYC SHOPPER: And I definitely have seen the prices shoot up recently.

YURKEVICH: Does that stop you from making the purchase?

NEWHOUSE: No, not at all. I'm just buying things to make a chicken cutlet. And you need eggs as the basis for that, too. It's one of the reasons why

there's no way not to purchase them.


ANDERSON: Avian flu also hitting Japan hard, as I understand it. The agricultural ministry says they had to kill nearly 10 million birds because

of the outbreak there.