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North Korea Launches Missile Over Japan, First Since 2017; National Archives Told Trump's Lawyers Kim Jung Un Letters Missing; Witnesses: Police Beat, Shot, Detained Tehran University Students. Aired 5:30-6a ET

Aired October 04, 2022 - 05:30   ET



BLAKE ESSIG, CNN CORRESPONDENT: And as expected, the U.S., Japanese, and South Korean governments have all condemned North Korea's actions, while the U.S. and South Korean militaries have fired two joint direct attack munition bombs in response.

Leif-Eric Easley, an associate professor of international studies at Ewha Womans University in Seoul, says that for Tokyo, this is not only a matter of national security but also the defense of international order. He says that the Kim regime might be trying to weaken the U.S. alliance in Asia and that Pyongyang's recent aggression might cause people living in South Korea and here in Japan to question their cooperation with the United States. He went on to say that the latest missile test is a direct challenge to the Biden, Kishida, and Un governments to coordinate a response.

Now, immediately following this morning's launch of an intermediate- range ballistic missile, in a series of tweets, the prime minister's office warned the public and urged people living in places like Hokkaido to evacuate inside buildings or underground. And as a result of this morning's launch, the government here in Japan issued a J- Alert, which is a rare alert only issued in times of national emergencies like earthquakes, terrorist attacks, and certain missile launches.

Now, despite the warning and the sound of the sirens that you heard just moments ago that could be heard here in Tokyo, life continued to really go on as normal with many people apparently ignoring the warnings and continuing on their way to work. Perhaps the reason, some wrote on social media that despite air raid warnings and the initial concern that a missile was heading their way, nothing could be done.

So it is worth noting, Christine, that experts believe that today's missile test was a Hwasong-12 ballistic missile, which is actually the same type of missile that flew over Japan back in 2017, making it the third time that this particular missile has traveled over Japan and the eighth time that this missile has been tested -- Christine.

CHRISTINE ROMANS, CNN ANCHOR: Wow, certainly terrifying and nerve- rattling for sure.

OK, Blake, thank you so much. The National Archives releasing an email it sent to former President Donald Trump's lawyers telling them that his letters with Kim Jung Un were missing. The agency made the email from May of 2021 public on Monday after a Freedom of Information Act request by news organizations. The email also said a letter former President Obama left for Trump was missing.

The Archives recently informed the House Oversight Committee that it still doesn't have all required records from the Trump White House.

Day two of the high-stakes Oath Keepers trial is set to get underway later this morning. Prosecutors kicked off the first day with an opening statement that lasted more than an hour. They used the defendants' messages against them to claim they plotted to stop Congress from certifying Joe Biden's victory, quote, "by any means necessary."

Oath Keepers leader Stewart Rhodes and four co-defendants face seditious conspiracy and other charges related to the January 6 insurrection. All have pleaded not guilty.

Just ahead, the new rules about to be announced for flight attendants. And Iran's government violently cracking down on some of the country's best and brightest.



ROMANS: Iran escalating its crackdown on protesters -- beating, shootings, detaining university students in Tehran. One witness described the scene as a war zone. The protests are in response to the death of Mahsa Amini. She was taken into custody by Iran's morality police for not covering her hair properly.

Let's bring in CNN's Jomana Karadsheh. Jomana, what have you learned?

JOMANA KARADSHEH, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Well, Christine, a very disturbing incident at the Sharif University of Technology in Tehran on Sunday evening. This is one of the country's most elite universities. Some describe it as the MIT of Iran.

And what we've tried to do is piece together what unfolded on Sunday evening based on statements from the university, the little video that has come out, and also we spoke to an eyewitness. And Christine, we have to warn our viewers they may find some of the scenes in our report disturbing.


KARADSHEH (voice-over): A snapshot of a night of horror at one of Iran's most prestigious universities. Chaos, panic, and fear as students -- some of Iran's best and brightest -- ran through the Sharif University car park in Tehran, chased by security forces on foot and on motorbikes. Those who couldn't escape the violent crackdown, hooded and taken away. We don't know what happened after the shot was fired. Birdshot and paintballs were used to crush the protests and to stop those who were trying to film. As news spread, crowds gathered outside, chanting "free the students."

CNN tracked down one of those who rushed to save students trapped inside. For his safety, we're concealing his identity.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I saw this SOS call from Sharif coming. And one of my friends called and he just told me that please come save us. They are shooting at us. So we got on our bikes and we went there, and we practically had to Captain America our way into the university. It was a war zone and there was blood everywhere.

KARADSHEH (voice-over): No one really knows how many were hurt and how many were dragged away. The little video and harrowing accounts still trickling out paint a picture of the ruthless force used.


Students in the thousands are staging protests on campuses and on the streets across the country. What started with demands for justice and accountability for the death of Mahsa Amini has quickly morphed into more daring, widespread calls for regime change for bringing down the repressive Islamic Republic. Anger that has been building for years captured in video like this one. Protesters in Tehran tearing down and destroying the Islamic Republic street sign.

The regime that has a bloody history of suppressing dissent is only just beginning to unleash all it's got against its own people, but defiant protesters say this time there will be no turning back.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: No, no, no, no. This is far from over. We are not scared, we are outraged. We are furious.

You know, these people think that we are the previous generation -- that if they do this we are going to just stop. We are not going to stop. This is a one-way road for us. Because if we stop they are going to kill even more people and take even more people into custody. Torture them, rape them.

These people can do anything, so we won't stop. This is not the end. I promise you that.


KARADSHEH: And Christine, this sort of courage, this determination you heard from that young man -- this is what we have been seeing for nearly three weeks now. You've got this new generation of Iranians more emboldened, more determined than ever. They are rising up and risking everything for the rights and liberties they have never known under this oppressive regime.

ROMANS: All right, Jomana. Thank you so much for that fascinating report. All right, a new report details the systemic abuse of players in the U.S. women's pro soccer league. And made in America making a comeback. What's behind the resurgence in U.S. manufacturing.



ROMANS: OK, let's get a check on CNN Business this Tuesday morning.

Looking at markets around the world, big gains in European markets building on a Monday rally. Markets in Mainland China, by the way, were closed due to a holiday. On Wall Street, stock index futures -- that's more like it -- up at least one percent each.

A rally to start the new month and the new quarter to cut all the gloom. The Dow and the S&P surging more than 2 1/2 percent, their biggest gains since mid-July. Manufacturing and construction spending data a bit weaker than expected.

It's been a rough year for stock investors. Bear markets for the three major averages. The Nasdaq down 30 percent, the S&P 500 down 23 percent.

You know, October has always been seen as a volatile month for Wall Street. But since 1932, major market bottoms have occurred in October more than any other month.

A quick check on gas prices, ticking up slightly overnight to $3.81 a gallon.

All right. New this morning, corporate CEOs are citing recession as their biggest worry after the Fed has raised interest rates multiple times this year in its fight against inflation. According to a survey of 400 leaders of large U.S. companies, a whopping 91 percent predict a recession in the next 12 months. Only a third think the recession will be mild or short. They say they are considering job cuts to deal with the potential fallout.

Let's bring in CNN global economic analyst Rana Foroohar. She's also the global business columnist and associate editor for The Financial Times. And her new book, coming out in just about two weeks, is called "Homecoming: The Path to Prosperity in a Post-Global World."

So, CEOs are nervous. You just heard that survey. I mean, they're paid to be nervous. They're paid a lot to be nervous and worry about what's around the corner.

I'm surprised that only a third of them think it will be mild and short because there seems to be conventional wisdom that look, we're headed for something rough here, but it could be more like a technical recession or something that we haven't seen before.

What do you make of that? RANA FOROOHAR, CNN GLOBAL ECONOMIC ANALYST, GLOBAL BUSINESS COLUMNIST AND ASSOCIATE EDITOR, THE FINANCIAL TIMES, AUTHOR, "HOMECOMING: THE PATH TO PROSPERITY IN A POST-GLOBAL WORLD (via Webex by Cisco): Well, I think that it's hard to find a bright spot right now for global CEOs. I mean, if you look at the global picture, regardless of European market rallies, Europe is in a tough spot. China is in a tough spot. And the U.S. -- let's face it, we haven't had a serious recession in a really long time. So, nobody wishes for a recession or for bad news but it's not surprising that there would be one right now.

I think that there are short-term trends and then there are some of the bigger structural changes that are happening in the economy. And basically, it's a really bumpy world. So, I think it would be hard- pressed if I was a CEO to say no, I think things are going to be great from here on out.

ROMANS: You have a really good take on the manufacturing renaissance happening in the U.S. right now. Made in America is making a comeback.

Tell us what's --


ROMANS: -- driving it and what's happening there.

FOROOHAR: Yes. Well, it's funny. Some of the things, Christine, that are bad maybe for CEOs in the short-term are good for Americans in the longer term. And what I mean by that is that geopolitical strife, worries about supply chain disruptions -- all the things that we've seen in the last few years through the pandemic and through the war in Ukraine are actually making a lot of companies think you know what, I'd like to make things closer to home.

And we have seen a resurgence, actually, in the last three years in manufacturing work. When COVID hit, about 1.36 million jobs in industry were cut right away because people just stopped buying things and factories stopped making things. Now those jobs are back, plus another nearly 70,000.

And I have been traveling. I traveled for my book. I've been traveling, actually, in the last week through the supply chain in various parts of the American south. I see a lot of growth. I see a lot of opportunity for all kinds of reasons.

People are worried about what's happening in China. They're worried about decoupling. They're worried about energy. But also, there are a lot of trends that are actually favoring making things closer to home. Environmental reasons --



FOROOHAR: -- quicker to market -- all kinds of things that I know that you know about. I really see this as something that's going to be a major tailwind, certainly with the industrial sector but potentially to jobs and innovation in this country.

ROMANS: Yes. Well, you look at just how far-flung the supply chains became at the peak of globalization, right? So many jobs --


ROMANS: -- not shored. And that became a real political football in this country as well. And hear a little bit less about the reshoring of the jobs and the quality of the jobs that are -- that are coming back here.

FOROOHAR: Yes -- well, that's true. And I want to be careful. This is not your grandfather's factory work. This is really high-tech factory work. There are fewer jobs but they are better jobs.

And I think, particularly, as we go through the next wave of technological change, there's a lot coming down the pike. All the power that we all have in our -- in our smartphones that sit in our pockets is coming to industry, is coming to business. All those things are getting wired into businesses.

So there's an opportunity to turn factory work into something that's actually better work -- more high-tech work. And we need some tweaks to make that happen but there's a real opportunity there.

ROMANS: All right, Rana Foroohar. I can't wait until the book comes out. Nice to see you. Thank you.

FOROOHAR: Thank you -- thanks.

ROMANS: All right, 50 minutes past the hour.

Search and rescue teams working 24/7 in Florida now as the death toll from Hurricane Ian rises. And the world of competitive fishing rocked by a cheating scandal.



ROMANS: All right. A damning investigation finds systemic abuse and sexual misconduct by women's soccer coaches at the top levels of this sport.

Andy Scholes has this morning's Bleacher Report. What did they find, Andy?


So, the report led by former acting attorney general Sally Q. Yates was based on more than 200 interviews and reveals the National Women's Soccer League, under the U.S. Soccer Federation, failed to provide a safe environment for players. And this comes a year after players refused to compete in games, saying their complaints and allegations were ignored and overlooked.

The investigation found that the problems were far more widespread than just one coach or incident.

The report says "Abuse in the NWSL is rooted in a deeper culture in women's soccer, beginning in youth leagues, that normalizes verbally abusive coaching and blurs boundaries between coaches and players."

The U.S. soccer president Cindy Parlow Cone called the report heartbreaking and promised action, including creating an office to handle allegations of misconduct, and implementing background checks for all staff.


CINDY PARLOW CONE, PRESIDENT, U.S. SOCCER: This is very emotional for me, and honestly, I'm having trouble absorbing everything in the report. I think it will take some time to really read through it and think about the actions and inactions of certain people. And then it will take us some time to really think about what needs to be done in terms of discipline.


SCHOLES: All right. Elsewhere, Monday Night Football was an NFC West battle between the 49ers and the Rams.

In the second quarter, Jimmy Garoppolo swinging it over to Deebo Samuel. He breaks the tackle and then he's off and goes 57 yards for the touchdown.

Jerry Rice was on hand. He was loving seeing that.

The Niners defense holding the Rams to just three field goals to get the win 24-9.

Now, the other great highlight from this one was when a protester ran on the field, and here's Peyton and Eli with that call.




P. MANNING: Look at this.

E. MANNING: There he is.

P. MANNING: He's not --


P. MANNING: Oh, yes.

E. MANNING: Yes. P. MANNING: That's what we're talking about.

E. MANNING: Wagner.

P. MANNING: Wagner, a veteran, right -- get him down. Now get out and let these guys take over.


SCHOLES: All right, to baseball.

The Phillies ending the longest playoff drought in the National League. A nice turnaround for them. After firing Joe Girardi earlier in the season. They grabbed the final wildcard spot in the National League with a 3-0 win over the Astros.

All 12 post-season spots have now been clinched with two more days left in the regular season.

You see them celebrating in the clubhouse. A long time coming for the Phillies.

All right, Albert Pujols, meanwhile, launching his 703rd home run of his career last night against the Pirates. That homer gives Pujols 2,216 RBIs in his career, passing Babe Ruth for second on the all-time list. The 42-year-old had 17 home runs since August 10. He's tried with Aaron Judge for the most in baseball.

Judge, meanwhile, still stuck on 61 homers. He came through with just a single last night, Christine. Only three games left now to try to break Roger Maris' American League record. You know, when he hit 60, we all thought it was a foregone conclusion --


SCHOLES: -- he was going to do it. Only one home run in his past 12 games. A doubleheader today, though, for the Yankees so he's got a lot of at-bats.


SCHOLES: Maybe he gets it done.

ROMANS: Maybe he does. The pressure is on.

All right, nice to see you, Andy.

SCHOLES: All right.

ROMANS: All right, thanks for joining us. I'm Christine Romans. "NEW DAY" picks it up right now.