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New Day Saturday
Explosions Reported Near Kyiv, Air Defenses Activated Lviv; Zelenskyy: 2,500-3,000 Ukrainian Troops Killed Combat; U.S.: First Heavy Weapons To Arrive In Ukraine In 24 Hours; GOP Lawmakers Encouraged, Then Soured on Overturning Election; FDA Authorizes First COVID-19 Breath Test; Shanghai Residents Scramble for Food, Medicine Amid COVID Lockdown; 50th Anniversary of Title IX. Aired 6-7a ET
Aired April 16, 2022 - 06:00 ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
ALEXANDRA FIELD, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Across the country, musicians have played on through the war amid the wreckage. What does it mean to you when you see these other performers and these musicians representing Ukraine in this way?
ANASTASIYA PETRYK, UKRAINIAN CITIZEN (through translator): I feel it's going be impossible to describe these feelings with just mere words.
FIELD: Instead, Anastasiya is hopeful that she too will soon be able to represent what she describes as the strength and the beauty of Ukraine on stage here in the States, and one day, back home. Are you already imagining a day when you may go back there or perform there again?
PETRYK (through translator): Every day of my life.
FIELD: Alexandra Field, CNN, Philadelphia.
ALEX MARQUARDT, CNN ANCHOR: And good Saturday morning, it is April 16th. I'm Alex Marquardt in today for Boris Sanchez.
CHRISTI PAUL, CNN ANCHOR: Good to have you, Alex. I'm Christi Paul. Thank you so much for spending some time with us this morning.
Let's talk about what's happening first. The explosions on the outskirts of the Ukrainian Capital. And a claim of success by Ukraine's military. Now, a regional military official says Ukraine anti-aircraft system down for Russian cruise missiles fired at the Lviv region this morning. Ukraine says the missiles were fired by Russian aircraft that had taken off from neighboring Belarus.
MARQUARDT: The mayor of Kyiv says his capital city came under fire this morning. There's no word yet on casualties. But these images that you're looking at are from some of the earlier devastation. Now, Mayor Vitali Klitschko was warning residents to not come back to the city yet, telling them to stay in places that are safer.
And Ukraine's President, Volodymyr Zelenskyy is saying that the scenes of devastation in his country are a source of what he calls great pain. Here's what he told our colleague, Jake Tapper about the toll that the war is taking on him and on the country.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
VOLODYMYR ZELENSKYY, PRESIDENT OF UKRAINE (through translator): I have to watch as the president of the state where a lot of people have died and lost their loved ones. And there are millions of people who want to live. All of us want to fight, but we all have to do our best for this war not to be endless.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
MARQUARDT: We'll have a bit more of that interview later on. Now, President Zelenskyy says the world should be prepared for the possibility that Russian President, Vladimir Putin could use tactical nuclear weapons in Ukraine. And as I mentioned, we will have more of that interview coming up ahead.
PAUL: Yes. New military aid meanwhile, including helicopters is set to arrive in Ukraine within, really the coming hours here. The aid includes more heavy-duty sophisticated weapons than previous shipments. Russia is formally protesting the U.S. shipments of weapons though to Ukraine and a diplomatic note. Russia warns of quote, unpredictable consequences if the support continues.
CNN is live in Ukraine covering all angles of this crisis for you. We want to begin with Matt Rivers who's in Lviv this morning. Matt.
MATT RIVERS, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Yes. Overnight, woken up here in Lviv around 5:45 a.m. local time to air raid sirens going off directly in regard to what you mentioned off the top there. What we're hearing from Ukrainian officials in the Lviv region is that Russia fired four cruise missiles somewhere into the Lviv region with a target somewhere in this area. Although, Ukraine officials not specifying if they know exactly what those targets were to be.
But saying that anti-aircraft systems employed by Ukraine managed to shoot down those four cruise missiles launch they say from Russian planes that took off from air bases just across the border in the neighboring country of Belarus.
Now, that is not the only area of Ukraine that saw an attack or an attempted attack overnight in the Kyiv. Also, we know at least one missile striking a south eastern district of that city in the city's outskirts. And just in the last few minutes we heard from Kyiv's mayor who said that at least one person has been killed, but that medical crews rescue personnel still going through the rubble of some buildings that were destroyed as a result of that strike.
You know, these strikes are not a huge surprise. If you listen to what the Russians have been saying over the past few days. They have said that they will continue to strike what they call decision making centers throughout Ukraine even as we wait for the expected offensive to begin in the coming days in the eastern part of the country.
MARQUARDT: And Matt we've seen horrific scenes across the country and in the Kyiv region as Russian troops have pulled back. And now we're hearing from Ukrainian officials that hundreds of bodies have been found around Kyiv. What more do you know?
RIVERS: Yes. According to the head of Kyiv's regional police more than 900 bodies, Alex, have been discovered since Russian forces have withdrawn. All of those bodies were told being forensically examined.
RIVERS: And as those examinations continue, what we're hearing from Ukrainian officials is that many of these bodies are just ordinary civilians. They're not members of the military. Many of them show signs of torture. Many of them have gunshot wounds to the head. Some have even had their hands bound.
So, the scenes that we've seen in specific places like Bucha, for example, seemingly played out around the Kyiv region as Ukrainian officials, you know, continue to get a better understanding of the brutality that they say Russian forces engaged in during their time occupying Northern Ukraine before they withdrew in the last few weeks.
MARQUARDT: And Ukrainian officials have called that just the tip of the iceberg. Matt Rivers in Lviv. Thank you very much.
PAUL: Let's talk about Poland, because they've experienced the largest influx of refugees during this crisis. CNN reporter, Salma Abdelaziz is at the Polish Ukrainian border.
We have seen so many of these scenes, but they were-- they've been ongoing. But as of today, what are you seeing there, Salma?
SALMA ABDELAZIZ, CNN REPORTER: So I've seen Christi, I'm bringing you from a train station here that's right up on the border. And this is essentially considered a welcome center for refugees, a place where they come, where they arrive, and yes, they've reached safety and they are greeted by all these people in high vest jackets. People who want to answer their questions, who want to give them a sense of calm, a sense of safety.
And they really make this very chaotic scene around me here work. I'm going to introduce you to one of them.
INJA KORZONNEK, VOLUNTEER, POLAND: Hello.
ABDELAZIZ: Inja, who's here from Germany.
ABDELAZIZ: Inja you came a few days ago?
ABDELAZIZ Why did you decide to come?
KORZONNEK: There's really a need for the people, of course, practically frozen food, but also eternally, Jesus Christ is the hope. This is really what touches the people, and especially now in the Easter days, we want to share why Jesus died on the cross for us, and how you're resurrected. Yes.
ABDELAZIZ: And just you're not going to be home with your family on Easter. It's obviously an important holiday for you.
ABDELAZIZ: Tell me why you made that decision and how you explain to mom and dad you're not going to be there?
KORZONNEK: Oh, yes. My parents are completely OK with it. They love Jesus as well. They know how important it is really to share this hope, and this eternal salvation really. And especially on the Easter days, I want to be with the people to show them actively what does it mean to love with the love of Jesus. Yes.
ABDELAZIZ: Thank you so much, Inja. Thank you. And you can see all around me here, there are volunteers that are handing out candy to little kids. And this is really an extraordinary setting in this train station. It's-- this 19th century building around me. And yes, people are going to be here for this holiday. And these volunteers want to make sure that they're able to give them some sense of calm when they arrive.
PAUL: Salma Abdelaziz, thank you so much. We appreciate it.
MARQUARDT: All right. Well, with Russia's war losses mounting, Ukraine's president is now warning that Moscow may resort to tactical nuclear weapons against Ukraine. Volodymyr Zelenskyy, the President of Ukraine raising that possibility in an exclusive interview with our Jake Tapper. Take a listen.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
JAKE TAPPER, CNN ANCHOR: The director of the CIA warned that he's worried Putin might use a tactical nuclear weapon in this fight. Are you worried?
ZELENSKYY: And not only me. I think all over the world, all the countries have to be worried. Because, you know that it kind of be not real information, but it can be the truth, because when they began to speak about one or another battles or involves enemies, or nuclear weapon, or some chemical, you know, issues, chemical weapons, they should do.
They could-- I mean, they can. For them, life of the people is nothing. That's why we should think, not be afraid. I mean, that not be afraid, be ready. But that is not the question for to Ukraine, and not only for the Ukraine, for all over the world, I think so.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
MARQUARDT: And Jake will be sharing more of that exclusive interview with Ukrainian President, State of the Union tomorrow morning at 9:00 a.m. Eastern Time right here on CNN.
PAUL: Kimberly Dozier with us now, a contributor for Time Magazine and a CNN Global Affairs Analyst. Kimberly it's always so good to get your perspective here. I want to jump off that point that we just saw, partly from Jake Tapper's interview with President Zelenskyy.
We know President Putin now warning the U.S. if they continue to supply aid to particularly military aid and arms to Ukraine that there will be quote, unpredictable consequences. What do you think Russia may be prepared to do to the U.S.?
KIMBERLY DOZIER, CNN GLOBAL ANALYST: I certainly think they might be prepared to attack some of the shipments coming in over the border from Poland, if they can determine which ones they are. But again, that is potentially escalatory. For them, they could risk hitting something inside Poland just at the border, and then risk being accused of attacking a NATO country triggering Article 5.
Of course, nobody wants to get into a full confrontation between NATO and Russia. No one in NATO does. So, this could be just more saber- rattling on Moscow's part. Part of it meant for domestic consumption, because it seems like Vladimir Putin as he works towards the May 9th Victory Day holiday when Russia marks its victory over the Nazis in World War II. Putin wants something to announce.
But if he doesn't get the victory that his generals have promised him in some manner, shape, or form by then he might be doing something like explaining to his people why this is expanding from a special military operation to a war. If he does something like that, well, then widening attacks on those incoming shipments could be part of his package?
PAUL: Yes. The Kyiv mayor said the Ukrainian capital came under fire this morning, still waiting to hear about any potential casualties there. But a lot of people have been watching this and wondering this. If President Zelenskky is assassinated, which Russia has said it's one of their goals. How does the world react to that?
Because people watch what's happening. They feel like more should be done for the Ukrainian people and to help shore up Ukraine. But if they go so far as to assassinate its president, surely the world can't sit back.
DOZIER: Well, it's an interesting thing I've heard from European and Baltic diplomats is they think Putin has been careful not to harm Zelenskyy after initially hoping to quote unquote, "Take him out", because he's become such an international figure that the blowback against Moscow would be huge.
And also, it would make Zelenskyy a murder that would sustain his country's continued fight against Moscow. One of the military reasons that Moscow might be continuing to shell or lob artillery and rocket fire at Kyiv is to keep some of the Ukrainian army tied up defending that city, as opposed to joining the Ukrainian military forces who are already Garrison, tens to thousands of them in Eastern Ukraine near the Donbas. Because the Russians are facing a really tough fight there, they've got to close something like 300 miles of territory from north to south, if they want to cut off that part of the country. And every single Ukraine-- the Ukrainian unit that comes in joins that fight is going to make it that much harder for Russian troops to do.
PAUL: Yes, so, Kimberly, what are you hearing from military leaders? What is their gauge of Russian capabilities at this point? And do they believe it to be accurate?
DOZIER: The Russians have a lot of military firepower, they have a lot of equipment, they don't have the personnel to run that equipment. They seem to be having trouble massing forces that they pulled a lot of those forces out from places like Kyiv and have been bringing them around to the town of Belgorod inside Russia where they're supposed to then come in and join the fight.
But every military analyst and official that I've talked to has said they're a little puzzled by the fact that it's taking the Russians a long time to get all of the forces it needs into position for this next big push. That could be, because the Russian military is so demoralized that some of the troops won't or can't fight because of injury, etcetera. And that's also probably why you see the Russians doing a call up including trying to bring back retired soldiers for cash to man this fight, Christi.
PAUL: Yes. Kimberly Dozier, your voice is so valued here. Thank you very much for taking time for us this morning.
DOZIER: Thank you.
MARQUARDT: Now new, more sophisticated weapons are about to start arriving in Ukraine as early as in the coming hours. Now, these new tools that the Pentagon is sending to the Ukrainian military comes amid warnings of a major Russian offensive coming in the eastern part of the country in the coming days.
MARQUARDT: Plus, neighbors are now being forced to trade with each other basic necessities going back and forth during strict lockdowns in parts of the Chinese city of Shanghai. We'll be getting a firsthand account of life under those strict lockdowns coming up.
And the spring travel surge is in full swing, but airline worker shortages are leading to hundreds of flight cancellations. The steps that the nation's air carriers are taking to cut down on the travel trouble. That's coming up.
PAUL: Nineteen minutes past the hour this morning. In an exclusive interview with CNN, Ukraine's president spoke about the sinking of the Russian warship the Moskva.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP) ZELENSKYY (through translator): We know that it does not exist
anymore. For us, it is a strong weapon against our country.
ZELENSKKY: So sinking is not a tragedy for us. I want you the rest of the people to realize that. The less weapons the Russian Federation that attacked our country has, the better for us, the less capable they are. This is important.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
PAUL: President Zelenskyy there speaking very extensively actually with Jake Tapper. We're going to have more of that interview later. But the U.S. military has confirmed that two Ukrainian missiles did hit the Russian warship causing it to sink in the Black Sea.
MARQUARDT: And within the next few hours, the latest shipment of U.S. weapons could start arriving in Ukraine. And when you look at the list of what Ukraine has asked for in terms of weaponry and what the U.S. is offering and providing it does become clear why Russia wants those weapons shipments to stop.
So far, the Biden Administration has provided Ukraine with over $3 billion of military aid. And the weapons being sent now are the biggest and most sophisticated yet.
With Russia's war against Ukraine about to enter its third month, the battlefield has changed significantly. The region around the capital Kyiv is quieter for now. But U.S. and NATO officials warned that a dramatic escalation by Russia in Eastern Ukraine is coming.
With that shift, and escalation, Ukraine's needs for weapons are changing and growing. This week, the Biden Administration announced a weapons package worth $800 million with new and more sophisticated systems.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
JOHN KIRBY, PRESS SECRETARY, PENTAGON: Some of them are reinforcing capabilities that we have already been providing Ukraine and some of them are new capabilities that we have not provided to Ukraine.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
MARQUARDT: Among the bigger items are Mi-17 helicopters, 11 of them, which the U.S. redirected from Afghanistan to Ukraine. Small drones called switchblades, 300 of them, also called Kamikaze Killer Drones that can target Russian soldiers and armored vehicles. And for the first time howitzers, which fire artillery shells at long range targets. Ukraine is being sent 18 with 40,000 rounds of ammunition.
The list goes on and includes coastal sea drones to defend against Russia's ships in the Black Sea, 200 armored personnel carriers, counter artillery radars, equipment for chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear attacks, and 1000 more javelin and Stinger missiles to use against Russian tanks and aircraft.
Countless Russian armored vehicles have been destroyed by weapons provided by NATO countries. Ukrainian forces have been able to repel Russian advances thanks to them.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
DMYTRO KULEBA, FOREIGN MINISTER, UKRAINE: I think the guild that Ukraine is offering is fair. You give us weapons, we sacrifice our lives, and the war is contained in Ukraine.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
MARQUARDT: But Ukraine says it needs more.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
OLEKSIY DANILOV, NATIONAL SECURITY ADVISER, UKRAINE (through translator): We are grateful for what we have already been given up. We need helicopters, planes, powerful weapons, howitzers. We need a lot.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
MARQUARDT: A point of contention with U.S. is over fighter jets. Ukraine wants them while the Biden Administration is worried Russia will take that as too much of a provocation. Moscow has warned it would target weapons heading into Ukraine. And this week sent a protest letter to Washington over the growing weaponry being sent.
But the State Department said Friday, that nothing will dissuade the U.S. from continuing its support.
Now, President Volodymyr Zelenskyy has also expressed his frustration about the question of weapons in an interview. When Western leaders ask him what he needs. He says he told the Atlantic Magazine that he needs to calm himself because he's already told those Western leaders what he needs to fight Russia. He said it's like Groundhog Day. He compared himself to Bill Murray in that movie. Christi.
PAUL: Yes. Great reporting there. Thank you, Alex. Still ahead. Newly revealed text messages from two Republican members of Congress show they aggressively pushed the Trump White House to try to overturn 2020 election results. But then they changed their minds. Why? That's next.
PAUL: It's so good to have you with us this morning. Listen, Steve Bannon, the ex-adviser to former President, Trump is asking a federal judge to dismiss his criminal contempt of Congress case. Bannon scheduled to go to trial in July for not complying with a subpoena from the January 6th committee investigating the deadly insurrection.
Well, Bannon claims his subpoena was invalid because of the company's makeup. And he says he was quote targeted to send a message. The Bannon's lawyers will also argue he was protecting the former president's executive privilege.
MARQUARDT: Now, to a CNN exclusive which has unveiled a series of text messages between two of former President Trump's most vocal supporters on Capitol Hill. Two lawmakers who were texting to Ben and the White House Chief of Staff Mark Meadows.
PAUL: Yes, these texts were sent between the 2020 election and the January 6th riots. And they show that some lawmakers were in favor of overturning the election results until they discovered there was no evidence for the theories. Here CNN's Ryan Nobles.
RYAN NOBLES, CNN CONGRESSIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Senator Mike Lee of Utah and Congressman Chip Roy of Texas. Two of former President Donald Trump's most loyal defenders in Congress. But (INAUDIBLE) of private texts to Trump's Chief of Staff, Mark Meadows, a picture emerges of how both went from aiding the effort to challenge the election results to ultimately warning against it.
The texts obtained by CNN show how they were trying to help initially, but by the end raise concerns to Trump's top deputy about his campaigns effort to stand in the way of the certification of a 2020 election. "We're driving a stake in the heart of the federal republic."
Roy warned Meadows in a text message on January 1st, that is in possession of the January 6th Select Committee. His stark warning came after weeks of begging Meadows for hard evidence of election fraud and concerns that the lack of specific evidence was a real problem for the Trump legal team.
"We must urge the president to tone down the rhetoric," he wrote to Meadows on November 9th. Roy did believe that there were problems with the election. In early December, he went to the House floor, imploring his colleagues to look into the thin examples of fraud.
REP. CHIP ROY (R-TX): The American people are raising legitimate questions about our elections and this body is missing in action and doing nothing.
NOBLES: Like Roy, Senator Mike Lee started out hopeful that there was a path to challenge the election results. In early November, he touted the work of conservative lawyer Sidney Powell, encouraging Meadows to get her an audience with the president, calling her a, quote, "straight shooter." But less than two weeks later, Powell appeared with Rudy Giuliani in what would become an infamous press conference where the duo made wild, baseless claims about the election.
SIDNEY POWELL, ATTORNEY WHO CHALLENGED 2020 ELECTION RESULTS: President Trump won by a landslide. We are going to prove it. NOBLES: Lee then changed his tune, calling Powell a liability and
turning his focus to touting Attorney John Eastman. Lee pushed a plan to convince state legislatures to offer up a set of alternate electors. When that plan fizzled, Lee decided he was no longer on board. He texted Meadows on December 16th, quote, "I think we're now past the point where we can expect anyone will do it without some direction and a strong evidentiary argument."
Both Lee and Roy ultimately chose not to join other Republicans to vote against certifying the election.
SEN. MIKE LEE (R-UT): Our job is to open and then count. Open then count. That's it. That's all there is.
NOBLES: Privately they were even more emphatic about the fool's errand Trump's team was on. "The president should call everyone off. It's the only path," Roy texted Meadows on December 31st, while Lee argued the effort was on dangerous constitutional grounds. Three days before January 6th, he warned, "I know only that this will end badly for the president, unless we have the Constitution on our side."
And they did not. But the Trump team and a group of loyal Republicans went ahead with their plan anyway. As it became clear, their effort would not be successful. Hundreds of Trump supporters stormed the Capitol in protest. As the violence was raging, Roy texted Meadows, "Fix this now." He then went to the House floor and placed the blame squarely at President Trump's feet.
ROY: And the president should never have spun up certain Americans to believe something that simply cannot be.
MARQUARDT: Extraordinary reporting there from Ryan Nobles and our January 6th team.
Now you've heard of a breathalyzer to detect alcohol but now there is one that detects COVID. How effective is it? More on that next.
MARQUARDT: COVID-19 cases are on the rise once again here in the United States. Especially in the northeastern part of the country where infections are surging because of the transmission of the Omicron variant known as BA.2. Just this past week we saw a rise in cases by more than 20 percent nationwide according to data from Johns Hopkins University, and the governor of Ohio, Mike DeWine is the latest public figure here in the U.S. to test positive for COVID.
According to a statement DeWine is in quarantine and being treated, He says he is only feeling mild symptoms. The governor is both vaccinated and boosted.
PAUL: Now the FDA granted Emergency Use Authorization this week for the first COVID breath test. It's a breathalyzer testing device about the size of a piece of carry-on luggage and it can be used in medical offices and mobile testing sites.
CNN's Jacqueline Howard has more for us.
JACQUELINE HOWARD, CNN HEALTH CORRESPONDENT: Christi and Alex, this is welcome news for people who don't like using those nasal swabs. But a positive test result using this breath test should still be confirmed by a nasal PCR test.
Now this is the first ever breathalyzer COVID-19 test authorized here in the United States. It works by detecting chemical compounds associated with COVID-19 infection in breath samples. And it can provide results in under three minutes.
Now this breath test is authorized for use in doctor's offices, mobile testing sites, hospitals. It's not authorized for at-home use. But who knows where the technology is heading? Maybe that could be a development in the future.
But for now, Dr. Jeff Shuren says this in a statement released this week, quote, "Today's authorization is yet another example of the rapid innovation occurring with diagnostic tests for COVID-19."
And Christie and Alex, here is what we know about the accuracy of this test. The FDA says the test correctly identified about 91 percent of positive COVID-19 samples and about 99 percent of negative samples. That was in a study of more than 2400 people.
The FDA also says the company InspectIR expects to produce around 100 of these instruments each week moving forward -- Christi and Alex.
MARQUARDT: All right, our thanks to Jacqueline Howard.
Now let's go to China where at least 44 cities are under either a full or partial lockdown because of a surge in COVID-19 cases. Now in Shanghai, there are 25 million residents. That is roughly the same population as Australia. And that city has become the epicenter of the new outbreak in China. Yesterday Shanghai reported more than 23,000 new COVID cases, that's 95 percent of all new COVID infections reported in China.
And now a lack of food, access to medical supplies and shifting policies have led to growing frustration and even anger and protests in Shanghai.
Joining me from there is Rodrigo Zeidan, a professor at New York University in Shanghai.
Professor, thank you so much for joining us today. Now this lockdown that you've been living under started back on April 5th. Today is the 16th, of course. So almost two weeks. Were there any warnings that restrictions would be put in place and do you know when they might be lifted. RODRIGO ZEIDAN, NYU-SHANGHAI, ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR OF PRACTICE OF
BUSINESS AND FINANCE: So the lockdown actually started earlier, in March 27th. First they locked half of the city in Pudong where I am, and then they locked the other half and then they extended on April 5th for as long as it takes.
Now there is a three-tier system which if our community gets 14 days without any new cases then they slowly get lift out of the lockdown. This already happened to very few communities in Shanghai. And today my community, we have a batch test of people in the compound and so we could go to the second tier if nobody tests positive.
MARQUARDT: And of course if you can't go out, then food is a major concern. You've said that this situation has forced you to become hunter-gatherers. What do you mean by that?
ZEIDAN: So what happened is that our compound was locked even earlier than March 24th because of a case in another building. At first we could order food online and it wasn't a problem. We kind of foresee a lockdown coming but we didn't realize that the lockdown would entail completely shutdown of supermarkets and grocery stores. So we didn't really stock up on food.
So when they locked down Pudong, people in Puxi on the other side of the river that had four days warning, they raided supermarkets and grocery stores, right. We don't have that luxury. So we had enough food. We never run out of calories or we're over long calories but we got restricted on our choices.
So what happened is that for many days during the lockdown, and even after, we would spend a lot of time searching for any time of food available and if we found something, we would buy anything that would look edible, we would buy, sometimes we would buy much more than we need, but we didn't know when the situation was going to be better. So we just kept on buying.
MARQUARDT: You've been posting videos of the times that you've been able to leave the house. We've just been playing some of that video. I think you were on your bicycle. Just remarkable scenes of empty streets. I mean not a soul out there. No cars or anything. So what's it like when you're actually able to leave your home? Describe what you're feeling out there, but also what the restrictions are and the expectations of you when you're outside.
ZEIDAN: So, just to be clear, I have a special -- I have a dispensation from my (INAUDIBLE) editor to get out once a week for around half an hour to pick up medicines at a nearby clinic. They were also locked down for a while. So when I go out, and the reason that I got this special dispensation is because first of all I own a bike so it means that I would not going to get inside a vehicle, I'm not going to get into public transportation even though very, very few buses are running.
But nobody in my compound wants to risk any new positive cases that might extend people's lockdown here. Because I'm also going to a clinic to pick up medicine, cycling there and coming back directly, I'm allowed to do that once a week. And those are my Friday morning runs. And (INAUDIBLE) I hope it doesn't rain too hard on the day that -- the only day that I could get out. So far so good.
MARQUARDT: And these are some of the most restrictive, some of the most strict measures that we've seen anywhere in the world.
Can you speak about the frustration, even the anger that you have heard about in Shanghai that you've experienced yourself in speaking with fellow residents under lockdown?
ZEIDAN: The frustration is at an all-time high. Things are getting slowly better. So some restaurants like people were celebrating that KFC opened for a while so people could order food from some fast-food joints. Most people wouldn't eat there regularly, but anything different is now very precious. So people are very frustrated. And of course in the circle that I run, people are very frustrated.
But the real residents, the ones that are suffering are usually the ones without a voice. The poor, the migrants, the ones that come here to work and usually they might share a room with many other people which is OK in the usual circumstances, so people could just stay as near as possible to send somebody home. But now everybody may be locked down together and, again, the frustration, the fact that the rules have changed a lot as well.
That people didn't realize everything that the lockdown would entail, that also led to a lot of general frustration from the poorest to the richest.
MARQUARDT: Well, Professor, thank you so much for offering your perspective on this fascinating situation in Shanghai.
Professor Rodrigo Zeidan in Shanghai, thanks so much.
ZEIDAN: Thank you, Alex.
PAUL: Well, New York is honoring Jackie Robinson in a way that only the city and Times Square can. We have more on a pretty special anniversary. That's next.
PAUL: You know, for generations athletes in sports have led the conversation in the United States around -- equal rights, I should say, and no one's legacy looms larger than Jackie Robinson.
MARQUARDT: That's right. It was 75 years ago yesterday that Robinson broke baseball's color barrier becoming the first black man to play in a Major League Baseball game.
Coy Wire joins us now. Coy, a historic day for quite a few reasons. COY WIRE, CNN SPORTS: Yes, no doubt. Good morning to you. Jackie
Robinson's fierce competitiveness and his silent struggle will forever be a turning point in America. His name now cherished. His number 42 immortalized. Yesterday New York's 42nd Street was temporarily renamed Jackie Robinson way and the Empire State Building being blue and white commemorating Robinson's Major League debut in Brooklyn 75 years ago.
And in L.A. the Dodgers led by manager Dave Roberts paid their respects at a statue outside of the stadium, welcoming Jackie's widow, Rachel, now 99 years young to their game.
Now this year also marks the 50th anniversary of the passage of Title 9, the landmark law passed by Congress in 1972 which prohibits sex- based discrimination in any educational program that receives federal funding.
Since then countless, fearless, fierce American women have proven what they knew all along. They have the same right to compete on equal footing and with equal support as men. And the first to prove it, Billie Jean King. She's today's "Difference Maker."
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
BILLIE JEAN KING, CIVIL RIGHTS ACTIVIST: Title 9 was passed June 23rd, 1972. And I played Bobby Rigs September '73 and by me beating Bobby I think helped keep Title 9 on people's mind. It helped being a positive. I think by beating Bobby, because if -- as a woman, if you're in a men's arena, it's all anybody looks at and that's why we have so many people because I was finally in the men's race and now they paid attention to me.
And that was helpful when I beat Bobby, the women had a lot more self- confidence to speak out. That is what they tell me. That is why I know it is OK. And men came up to me in reflection and said, you know, I thought about my daughter and you know, I do want my daughter to have equal opportunities as my son. And I think that is why I started the Women's Sports Foundation in 1974, and one of our jobs was to be the guardian angel for Title 9 in the sports area.
That's why it started. It's one of the reasons and get more money out to local programs. The '96 Olympics really helped elevate Title 9 because all the women were in Atlanta. It was the summer of women winning the Olympics, and without Title 9 we never would have had all those great teams because of the coaching and the playing fields and all the things they had. We have a long way to go. Look at the NCAA.
We finally got a gym for our basketball players. But these are obvious things to some of us and they're not obvious to others so you have to always try to be patient and try to go forward but the NCAA is changing. But we have to keep standing and fighting. But why are we able to do that? Because of Title 9.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
WIRE: King is a champion for equal rights in sport and beyond, Alex and Christie, and she's in Asheville, North Carolina, this weekend for the Billie Jean Kind cup qualifier between the Ukraine and the U.S.
She's announced that she's going to be donating $50,000 to the Ukraine Crisis Relief Fund and the U.S. Tennis Association, they're going to donate 10 percent of ticket sales as well.
MARQUARDT: Very nice. The guardian of Title 9. I like that.
WIRE: No doubt.
MARQUARDT: Coy Wire, thanks so much.
All right. Well, the next hour of NEW DAY starts after a quick break. We'll be right back.