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New Day Saturday
Explosions on the Outskirts of Kyiv; Advanced U.S. Weapons about to Boost Ukrainian Arsenal; Zelenskyy: Whole Worry Should Worry Putin Will Use Nukes; Mykolaiv Governor: At Least Five Killed by Cluster Munitions; U.S. Confirms Moskva Sunk by Ukrainian Missiles; Violence in Jerusalem; Dozens of Chinese Cities under Full or Partial Lockdown; Russia's War Worsening Food Shortages. Aired 5-6a ET
Aired April 16, 2022 - 05:00 ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
CHRISTI PAUL, CNN ANCHOR: How good to have you with us, so earlier in the morning, 5:00 am right now. Welcome to your "NEW DAY." It is Saturday, April 16th, I'm Christi Paul.
ALEX MARQUARDT, CNN ANCHOR: And I'm Alex Marquardt in for Boris Sanchez. Thank you for joining us.
A military official says Ukrainian anti-aircraft systems downed Russian cruise missiles that were fired this morning toward the Lviv region, the western part of Ukraine. Also, the mayor of Kyiv, the capital, says the city came under fire this morning and there is no word so far on possible casualties.
PAUL: But the fresh attacks on Kyiv following the sinking of the warship. Ukraine claims it sank the Moskva and the U.S. agrees. And a senior Defense official said two Ukrainian Neptunes hit the warship.
MARQUARDT: President Volodymyr Zelenskyy has issued a warning not just for his country. Zelenskyy says that the world should be prepared for the possibility that Vladimir Putin could use tactical nuclear weapons in this war from Russia on Ukraine.
We'll have more on Jake Tapper's exclusive interview with President Zelenskyy coming up ahead.
PAUL: New military aid, including helicopters, is expected to arrive in Ukraine within the coming hours now. The aid includes more heavy- duty and sophisticated weapons than previous shipments had.
Russia is formally protesting the U.S. shipment of weapons to Ukraine, by the way. In a diplomatic note Russia warns, quote, of "unpredictable consequences" if this continues.
MARQUARDT: And Ukraine is saying Russia is training additional units, ramping up for a major offensive in the eastern part of Ukraine.
PAUL: We want get you an update what's happening on the ground in Ukraine right now.
MARQUARDT: For that, we go to our correspondent, Matt Rivers, who is Lviv, for more on all the developments.
Matt, good morning.
MATT RIVERS, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Good morning to you both.
Yes, overnight, we were awoken here in our hotel in Lviv to air raid sirens, going off around 5:45 am local time, which isn't all that common in this part of Ukraine.
But what is a little bit more uncommon is the fact that we got pretty detailed information from Ukrainian military officials about why the siren went off. As you mentioned off the top there, Ukrainian military officials here in the Lviv region saying that antiaircraft systems here, belonging to the Ukrainians, downed four cruise missiles, fired somewhere toward the Lviv region.
No information given about the targets but these anti-aircraft systems, downing four cruise missiles, according to the Ukrainians. That air raid warning ended a little after 7:00 am local time.
Ukrainian officials say that those cruise missiles were fired by Russian aircraft that actually took off from the neighboring country of Belarus. Lviv not the only region targeted, though, with the mayor of Kyiv saying that city was successfully struck by the Russians overnight, with a missile landing in the southeastern Kyiv district of Darnytskyi.
He said no information of casualties yet. Rescue crews remain on scene trying to figure out how many people were injured and so on. But clearly the Russians continuing to target regions outside of the eastern part of the country, which is where we're expecting the new, large-scale Russian offensive to begin in the coming days and weeks.
They continue to fire missiles into other parts of Ukraine as well.
PAUL: Matt, I want to ask you about something we learned yesterday. More than 900 bodies of Ukrainians have been discovered in the Kyiv region just since the Russian army withdrawal there.
What you have learned about that this morning?
RIVERS: Yes, the horrors that continue to be discovered after the failed Russian offensive to try and take Kyiv, now that Russian troops have withdrawn from northern Ukraine, the horrors just continue to pile up.
Now the head of the Kyiv regional police say more than 900 bodies have been discovered since the Russian forces left. They're all being given a forensic treatment to find out more about their deaths.
But the head of the Kyiv regional police saying many were found bound; in some cases tortured, many with gunshot wounds, in some cases, to the head.
MARQUARDT: All right, Matt Rivers in Lviv, thanks so much.
MARQUARDT: A Pentagon official is telling CNN that a new batch of weapons to Ukraine should start arriving in the region in just the coming hours. CNN's Kaitlan Collins has more from the White House.
KAITLAN COLLINS, CNN CHIEF WHITE HOUSE CORRESPONDENT: Despite this warning from Russia that, if the United States continues to send more weapons to Ukraine, they would risk these unpredictable consequences, you are seeing the United States continue to do so, because we do expect in the next 24 hours that first shipment of the latest authorization from President Biden of those $800 million in military assistance will arrive in Ukraine.
And this is the package that is much more sophisticated, heavier duty than some of the previous ones we've seen from the White House since the invasion started. And, of course, in the weapons shipments they sent before the invasion actually got underway.
That's a new shipment. It's tailored to what the White House is expecting to be this major ground offensive in Eastern Ukraine. But this is exactly what Russia was warning about in this memo that, I'm told, was sent to the White House on Tuesday.
It's notable that the next day was when President Biden announced this $800 million in new assistance, clearly undeterred by Russia.
But this does come as the White House says that what this Russian warning shows them is that these shipments are basically working, that they are upsetting Russia, they are clearly having an effect.
And that is why Russia wants them to stop and says it's prolonging the war, of course, making this invasion for them a lot harder than they expected it to be.
We should note this comes as CNN is now reporting that Zelenskyy is ramping up the pressure on Biden to do more to make Russia a pariah, even wants to put them on the state-sponsored terrorism list, which, of course, would be a significant development if President Biden decided to take that step.
Though we should note sources told CNN that there has been no firm commitment from Biden yet on that front -- Kaitlan Collins, CNN, the White House.
MARQUARDT: The chief prosecutor for the International Criminal Court has called Ukraine "a crime scene" after visiting the ravaged town of Bucha, just outside of Kyiv. Since Russian troops pulled out of that town, more than 700 bodies have been found. And more than 200 people are still missing.
PAUL: And now, we're getting a look at the efforts to document the horrific violence there and what is left. I do want to forewarn you here: these images are graphic. We don't want you to be caught off guard, just so you know. Here's CNN's Phil Black.
PHIL BLACK, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): The operation to recover and investigate Bucha's dead is now industrial in its scale. Teams of people are working to empty the town's mass grave and many smaller ones. The victims of Russia's occupation are being retrieved from the earth.
There are so many bodies rarely do those doing the digging know the stories of how each person lived and died. Here two men are being exhumed from the grounds of a small church. The priest who oversaw their first burial didn't know them.
ABBOT MYKOLA VOLOSYANSKIY, VORZEL CHURCH OF TRANSFIGURATION: (Speaking foreign language).
BLACK (voice-over): He says he thinks one was a scientist, the other a school bus driver. He thinks they were shot and killed in the street.
Among the now notorious images from Bucha's road of death, Yablonska Street, was this man lying beneath his bike. His name was Vladimir Brovchenko, Svetlana is his widow.
SVETLANA BROVCHENKO, WIFE OF BUCHA VICTIM: (Speaking foreign language).
BLACK (voice-over): She says, she told her husband, "Don't go. They're shooting. The tanks are already on Yablonska Street."
But he insisted on leaving the house. She says the 68-year-old grandfather was killed as soon as he reached the road. His bike is still there.
This building stands near Bucha in the village of Vorzel. Among those killed here were Yulia's (ph) parents, Natalia and Victor Mezoha (ph). She says her mother was helping a young injured woman who had been discarded by a Russian soldier when more soldiers suddenly entered their home.
YULIA, DAUGHTER OF BUCHA VICTIMS: (Speaking foreign language).
BLACK (voice-over): She says, "They came in. Shot the woman. Shot my mother. And then, my father ran out, when he heard something was wrong. And they shot him."
The young woman was Karina Yershova. She was 23 years old. Karina's mother says, police told her, her daughter was raped, before she was shot.
It's more than two weeks since the Russians withdrew and the operation to account for all the bodies they left behind, isn't finished. Mourning each victim, remembering how they lived understanding why they died will take much longer -- Phil Black, CNN, Bucha, Ukraine.
PAUL: Ukrainian president Volodymyr Zelenskyy says the world should prepare for Russia to possibly use nuclear or chemical weapons on his people now.
MARQUARDT: President Zelenskyy sat down with our colleague, Jake Tapper, for really a wide-ranging interview. And in that conversation, he talked about the sinking of a Russian ship. He talked about the casualties that the Ukrainian military has sustained.
And then the emotional toll that the war is having on him and all the Ukrainian people, take a listen.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
JAKE TAPPER, CNN HOST: The Russian warship, the Moskva, that one that Ukrainian soldiers told to F off, sank. The Russians say and the Russians are liars but the Russians say it sank on its own.
Can you offer some clarity and evidence as to what happened to that ship?
VOLODYMYR ZELENSKYY, UKRAINIAN PRESIDENT (through translator): We know that it does not exist anymore. For us, it was a strong weapon against our country.
So it's sinking is not a tragedy for us. I want you and the rest of the people to realize that. The least weapons the Russian Federation that attack our country has, the better for us, the less capable they are. This is important. And about what happened to it, the history will tell.
TAPPER: Do you have any idea how many Ukrainian soldiers or Ukrainian civilians have been killed?
ZELENSKYY: I know. I know about --
TAPPER: How many?
ZELENSKYY: As of now, based on the information we have, because it's very difficult to talk about civilians since the south of our country where the towns and cities are blocked, Kherson, Berdyansk, Mariupol, further east, the area to the east, where Volnovakha is. We just don't know how many people have died in that area that is blocked.
Let's take Volnovakha as an example. Volnovakha as other towns are empty, they are all destroyed. There are no people there. So it's difficult to talk about it now.
As to our military, out of the numbers we have, we think that we lost 2,500 to 3,000. In comparison to the Russian military who lost about 19,000 to 20,000.
That's the comparison. But we have about 10,000 injured and it is hard to say how many will survive.
TAPPER: I'm sure you've seen the video of the Ukrainian mom finding her son, her sorrow, her crying. It is devastating to hear. And you have seen a lot of videos out there. What is it like for you as the president of this country to see those videos, to hear the crying of the moms?
ZELENSKYY: This is the scariest I've seen in my life in principle. I look at this first of all as a father. It hurts so, so much.
It's a tragedy. It is suffering. I won't be able to imagine the scale of suffering for these people, of this woman. It is a family's tragedy. It's a disaster.
It's the dreams and the life you just lost. We live for our kids. That's true. Kids are the best we were given by God and by family. It is a great pain for me.
I can't watch it as a father, I know because all you want after this is revenge and to kill. I have to watch as the president of the state where a lot of people have died and lost their loved ones and there are millions of people who want to live. All of us want to fight but we all have to do our best for this war, not to be endless.
The longer it is, the more we will lose. All these losses will be just like that one.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
MARQUARDT: And Jake Tapper will be sharing more of his exclusive interview with the Ukrainian president on "STATE OF THE UNION," tomorrow morning, right here 9:00 am Eastern on CNN.
Now still to come this hour, it's Russia's greatest naval loss in a generation but Russia state media is telling a different story.
PAUL: And explosions rocked cities in Ukraine's southern coast.
PAUL: Up next, we take you to Mykolaiv, where residents try to carry on with their lives during the shelling.
MARQUARDT: The southern Ukrainian city of Mariupol has been at the center of some of Russia's most brutal attacks since the start of the Russian invasion. And it is only getting worse by the day. On Friday, Ukrainian defense officials said, that for the first time,
Russia had used long-range cruise missiles to strike the city, without even entering Ukraine's airspace.
PAUL: And the fighting in Mariupol has devastated the city. Preliminary estimates now showing as many as 22,000 people have died there since the war began. In southern Ukraine, the city of Mykolaiv has been under Russian attack at this point for days.
MARQUARDT: And Ukrainian officials are saying that the bombings are in retaliation for the sinking of the Russian cruiser, the ship, the Moskva. CNN's Ed Lavandera has more on how the people there continue to live, while the fighting rages all around them.
ED LAVANDERA, CNN SENIOR CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): The cluster of explosions jolted this residential neighborhood in Mykolaiv Friday morning.
LAVANDERA (voice-over): Witnesses say some people were walking their dogs in a park at the time. One of the munitions struck just feet away from an orthodox church.
You can see the impact spot of one of the munitions that went off this morning. As you look around here, you can see the impact and the damage done to this church here as well.
Multiple people were killed and more than a dozen others injured. Paramedics treated victims on the scene.
Across the street, under the shattered windows of an apartment building, this man told us, he help drag two injured people into a store for safety.
YURI ZAYTSEV, MYKOLAIV RESIDENT (through translator): The noise. The noise of a rocket flying and explosions, that's what I saw and heard when I was in the shop. People ran into the store and I saw people scared. I saw people dropping to the ground from explosions.
LAVANDERA: The sounds of explosions inside the city started around mid- morning and appeared to strike at least three different locations.
Mykolaiv authorities released this video of a private home burning after a rocket strike.
Mykolaiv strikes come as residents in southern Ukraine are worried about Russian retaliation for the sinking of the Moskva warship in the Black Sea and Russia's renewed offensive in eastern Ukraine.
In recent days, CNN has witnessed long convoys of families fleeing Russian- occupied areas near Mykolaiv. This bombing struck a densely populated area. Galina Mironchuk says she was brushing her hair when the bomb landed just outside her apartment window. The blast shattered the glass and shattered her sense of peace.
Did you think something was going to happen to you?
I didn't think of anything, she tells me. I thought that was the end of the world.
The recent attacks have also crippled parts of the city's infrastructure. The water has been out for three days, forcing hundreds of people to get water from a river and natural spring. This man evacuated his mother and plans to stay in the city to fight off the Russians.
How worried are you that the Russians are getting closer?
It worries me a lot, he tells me. That's why I sent my mother away. That's why we are getting ready. We are still working. But if the Russians are close, I will fight them.
For now, residents are left to clean up the bloody aftermath and brace for the next attack -- Ed Lavandera, CNN, Mykolaiv, Ukraine.
MARQUARDT: Our thanks to Ed Lavandera for that report.
And in an exclusive interview with CNN, Ukraine's president spoke about that incredible sinking of the Russian warship, the Moskva, which was the flagship of the fleet. Take a listen.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
VOLODYMYR ZELENSKYY, UKRAINIAN PRESIDENT (through translator): We know it does not exist anymore. For us, it is a strong weapon against our country. So its sinking is not a tragedy for us.
I want you, the rest of the people, to realize that. The less weapons the Russian Federation that attacks our country has, the better for us, the less capable they are. This is important.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
PAUL: Now the U.S. military has confirmed two Ukrainian missiles did hit the Russian warship and that's what caused it to sink in the Black Sea. Russia, however, is going to great lengths to downplay the sinking of the ship.
MARQUARDT: Yes, on Russian state media, there was no mention of the sinking of the Moskva and, when there was, the Russian people were fed lies about what happened. CNN's Nic Robertson has more.
NIC ROBERTSON, CNN INTERNATIONAL DIPLOMATIC EDITOR (voice-over): Russia's biggest naval loss in a generation hidden by propaganda state TV.
Top story on Russia's most watched primetime new show gas exports, anchors railing against the West. Almost half an hour later, the first mention of Russia's prestigious prize Black Sea Fleet flagship the Moskva, they've buried the lead, now they lie about it, claiming it's a float. There's no open fire. Ammunition explosions are contained.
It's another six hours near midnight most Russians asleep when Russia's military finally acknowledged what Ukrainian officials have been saying for hours that the $750 million according to Forbes Ukraine, nuclear capable guided missile cruiser has sunk.
It's not the first Russian naval ship the Ukrainians say they've hit. March 24th, claiming to have destroyed an amphibious assault ship.
Putin's losses are mounting. A failed assault on Kyiv, thousands of troops killed, massive economic sanctions.
ROBERTSON (voice-over): His apparent callous indifference to naval losses has a track record as long as his reign.
In 2000, during training exercises, the nuclear powered Kursk submarine sank to the bottom of the Barents Sea. Putin was on vacation, reluctantly only returning to Moscow nearly a week later, 218 men died.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
LARRY KING, FORMER CNN HOST: What happened?
(END VIDEO CLIP)
ROBERTSON (voice-over): When confronted back then by CNN's Larry King, Putin's stark solitary comment.
VLADIMIR PUTIN, PRESIDENT OF RUSSIA: (Speaking foreign language).
(END VIDEO CLIP)
ROBERTSON (voice-over): It sank.
Lithuania's defense minister claims 485 crew were board the Moskva, noting Turkish rescue boats picked up only 54 of them. State TV claims all the crew survived. Russia's most disastrous naval adventure was 117 years ago against Japan. They lost the whole fleet. Eventually, the tsar and his family paid the ultimate price in Russia's revolution.
Too soon to say if the Moskva's sinking can punch a hole below Putin's propaganda waterline -- Nic Robertson, CNN, London.
MARQUARDT: Our thanks to Nic Robertson there. Paralyzed by Russia, criticized by Ukraine for failing to step up and
help. We're going to get a closer look at what's keeping the United Nations Security Council from taking a stronger stance against Russia. That's next.
PAUL: It's 29 minutes past the hour right now. Thank you for being with us.
Ukrainian president Volodymyr Zelenskyy has asked President Biden to add Russia to the list of state-sponsored terrorists.
PAUL: A source said Zelenskyy wasn't as urgent in his plea for arms and financial aid but he did make it part of his effort to put more international pressure on Russia.
MARQUARDT: President Biden didn't commit to adding Russia to that list but in the past, U.S. officials have not ruled it out. Current state sponsors of terror include North Korea, Syria, Cuba and Iran.
This is a question that Russia's war on Ukraine is forcing on the world and on the country.
And Ukrainian president Volodymyr Zelenskyy is directly asking, what is the United Nations for?
PAUL: The Security Council's role is to maintain international peace and security.
But are they paralyzed right now?
Are they unable to hold Russian president Vladimir Putin accountable for possible war crimes?
Here's CNN's Gloria Borger on why that's happening.
GLORIA BORGER, CNN CHIEF POLITICAL ANALYST (voice-over): It didn't take a translation to feel President Zelenskyy's outrage.
VOLODYMYR ZELENSKYY, UKRAINIAN PRESIDENT (through translator): Where is the security there the Security Council needs to guarantee, it's not there.
BORGER: Then the final insult. Without action --
ZELENSKYY: Then the next option would be dissolve yourself altogether. JOHN BOLTON, FORMER U.S. AMBASSADOR TO THE U.N.: Well, he was absolutely right and I think one more concept to understanding what's going on with the United Nations is political institutions are fundamentally broken.
BORGER: Former U.N. ambassador John Bolton has never been a United Nations booster.
BOLTON: I think it is unfixable.
BORGER: Neither has Liz Cheney.
REP. LIZ CHENEY (R-WY): It is not the kind of effective entity people hoped it would be when it was created.
BORGER: That was in 1945 when the World War II victors established the U.N. Security Council with five permanent members. Today, those are the U.S., France, the U.K., China and Russia, each with veto power as Joseph Stalin himself insisted.
The world has changed but the council still remains largely as it was 77 years ago, that is, Russia has the power to veto any resolution it opposes.
It's like giving a senator on the floor a veto over any legislation without any override.
BOLTON: Exactly and what we're seeing is when there's a fundamental disagreement among permanent members, nothing happens.
BORGER: Suggestions to reform the council by adding more permanent members or removing vetoes all together have been nonstarters. As former U.N. Ambassador Bill Richardson points out, it's all about keeping power.
BILL RICHARDSON, FORMER U.S. AMBASSADOR TO THE U.N.: I'm being honest with you. I don't think anyone is going to want to give up their veto.
BORGER: And Russia is not about to vote itself off the security council either, although weeks ago it was condemned twice by the U.N. General Assembly but those were in nonbinding resolutions. Russia was also thrown off the Human Rights Council but even that wasn't a unanimous decision.
BOLTON: Here's the real headline: a majority of the members of the United Nations did not vote to expel Russia.
BORGER: What does that tell you?
BOLTON: It tells you Russia has support around the world.
BORGER: What Putin really cares about is the stature of permanent membership on the Security Council confers.
RICHARD GOWAN, U.N. DIRECTOR, INTERNATIONAL CRISIS GROUP: Now in the real world, Russia is not that important. It's China and the U.S. as primary players but in the Security Council, Russians stand on equal to the U.S. and are proud of having that status.
BORGER: All of which leaves the Security Council paralyzed and if the U.N. can't stop what's happening in Ukraine, what's it for?
RICHARDSON: The U.N. is for airing, publicly, the tragedies of the world like the refugee crisis in Ukraine, like the possible war crimes. At the same time, the U.N. is providing food. The U.N. is providing refugee assistance.
BORGER: Yet in a bizarre looking glass moment on TV, Russia chaired the Security Council session as weapons were unleashed in Ukraine. Diplomacy could not stop the killing -- a point that Ukrainian ambassador made recently as he read a letter from a 9-year-old boy to his dead mother.
SERGIY KYSLYTSYA, UKRAINIAN AMBASSADOR TO THE U.N.: You are the best mama in the world. I will never forget you.
Such letters should not have to be written. If they are, it means that something has gone terribly wrong, including here at the United Nations.
Even so, no matter how many times the Ukrainians ask for it, reform of the U.N. Security Council is not about to happen anytime soon -- if ever -- Gloria Borger, CNN, Washington.
PAUL: Gloria, thank you.
The State Department is weighing in after more than 150 people are hurt in violent clashes in Jerusalem.
PAUL: Its response and a closer look what's behind what you're seeing there -- just ahead.
MARQUARDT: Now to a dangerous flare-up in the Holy Land. The State Department it saying it is deeply concerned by the recent violent clashes in Jerusalem, which have erupted between Palestinians and Israelis in and around the Al-Aqsa mosque on Friday.
PAUL: CNN's Hadas Gold has more from Jerusalem.
HADAS GOLD, CNN CORRESPONDENT: The sounds of violence as dawn broke on Friday over the Old City of Jerusalem. Hundreds of Palestinians clashing with Israeli forces around the mosque compound, also known as the Temple Mount holy to both Muslims and Jews.
Israeli police say they were responding to violent rioters throwing rocks and launching fireworks. Surveillance footage released by police appear to show masked men smashing rocks overnight in preparation. By mid-morning, the Palestinian Red Crescent said more than 150 people had been injured by rubber bullets and stun grenades.
Among those injured was a Palestinian cameraman. Video showed him being kicked and beaten by police. Three Israeli officers were also injured, hit by rocks police said.
At one point, Israeli police entering the mosque itself, a move seen as a major provocation by Muslims. Police said they arrested more than 300 inside. Israel's Foreign Minister defended police actions, saying rock throwers were jeopardizing free worship.
Even before Friday's unrest, there had been a sense of a city holding its breath in anticipation as in a rarity, the holidays of Ramadan, Good Friday, and Passover all overlap on the same day.
In the middle of the night before the violence, the Old City's Muslim residents gather for the suhur, the traditional meal before the sun rises and the daily fast begins.
GOLD (voice-over): Later, as the sound of stun grenades and fireworks echoed in the background, pilgrims and locals from Western churches made their way along the Stations of the Cross, tracing the path Jesus made before ending at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, which Christians revere as the site of the crucifixion.
If the religious calendar had brought tension, so too had recent events in Israel on the West Bank, the Israeli army stepping up raids and operations in Palestinian towns and cities in response to a series of attacks in Israel that killed 14 People in less than three weeks.
And though by early evening, it seemed like a lid had been placed on the city's tensions, it may only be a matter of time before it boils over once again -- Hadas Gold, CNN Jerusalem.
MARQUARDT: Our thanks to Hadas Gold there.
Now turning to COVID-19, cases here in the U.S. are once again on the rise. And nearly all of them are being caused by the Omicron BA.2 variant. In just the past two weeks, cases have increased by 24 percent nationwide.
They're rising fastest in the northeast, like in Philadelphia, where a 50 percent surge in infections has led officials to bring back indoor mask requirements.
The FDA has granted emergency use authorization this week for the first COVID breath test. PAUL: Breathalyzer is what they're talking about. It's a testing
device about the size of a piece of carry-on luggage. It can used in medical offices and mobile testing sites. Here's CNN's Jacqueline Howard.
JACQUELINE HOWARD, CNN HEALTH CORRESPONDENT: Christi and Alex, this is welcome news for people who don't like using the naval swabs. But a positive test result using this breath test should still be confirmed by a nasal PCR test.
This is the first ever breath test authorized in the United States. It works by detecting chemical compounds associated with COVID-19 infection in breath samples. And it can provide results in under three minutes.
Now this breath test is authorized for use in doctors' offices, mobile testing sites, hospitals. It's not authorized for at-home use.
But who knows where the technology is heading?
Maybe that can be a development in the future.
But now for now, FDA official Dr. Jeff Shuren said in a statement, "Today's authorization is yet another example of the rapid innovation occurring with diagnostic tests for COVID-19."
And Christi and Alex, here's what we know about the accuracy of this test. The FDA says the test correctly identified about 91 percent of positive COVID-19 samples and about 99 percent of negative samples. That was in a study of more than 2,400 people.
The FDA also says the company expects to produce about 100 of these instruments each week, moving forward -- Christi, Alex.
PAUL: Jacqueline, thank you so much.
Shanghai is reporting more than 23,000 new cases as of yesterday. That's more than 95 percent of the newly reported cases in China.
MARQUARDT: And China's most populous city is one of at least 44 places, all across China, that have been subjected to lockdowns, as authorities try to curb the spread of a highly contagious new variant. CNN's David Culver has more from Shanghai, where he's been documenting life under these strict measures.
DAVID CULVER, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): A few steps of freedom granted to some Shanghai residents, strolling their own neighborhoods as if taking in some strange new world.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: But where are you going to go? There's nowhere to go.
CULVER: Shops still closed and public transportation halted, still this woman can't hold back her joy, recording as she and neighbors roam the empty streets.
After forcing 25-plus-million people into weeks of harsh lockdown, government officials facing mounted pressure lifted some restrictions, for communities like mine without a positive case in the last seven days, that meant we could actually step outside our apartments.
My neighbors enjoying the taste of relative freedom and so too, our pets, eager to stretch their legs, still keeping within the confines of our compound.
The extent of my freedom is all the way to here, the compound gate still double locked, it's been like that about a month. In recent weeks, community permission to leave our homes, mostly for COVID tests of which there were many. We could also step outside to pick up the occasional government distribution.
CULVER (on camera): Today's delivery, a bag of rice.
CULVER (voice-over): But even with heavy restrictions still in place, we had it good, for now at least.
The majority of this city remains in hard lock down, kept to their homes, some hungry and suffering.
CULVER (voice-over): This woman heard begging in the middle of the night, begging for fever medicine for her child and this man, recording his dwindling food supply.
Then there were those who've tested positive, tens of thousands being sent to cramped government quarantine centers whose residents described a host of problems, facilities quickly and apparently poorly constructed. Outside of shanghai, panic spreading quicker than the virus. The horror stories from China's financial hub have residents in other Chinese cities stocking up, from Suzhou to Guangzhou.
Online, sales for prepackaged foods surging. This as China's national health commission warns of more cases and publicly calls out Shanghai for not effectively containing the virus, shifting blame to local officials for allowing it to spread to other places.
China's strict zero COVID approach, forcing dozens of cities into weeks- long full or partial lockdowns. Residents in Jilin banging on pots to protest. Most of the 24 millions in the Chinese province confined to their homes for more than a month now.
Back in Shanghai, the joys of freedom for some might last only a few hours, as it only takes just one new case nearby to send them back inside, resetting the clock for their community. Another 14-day sentence in lock down, a seemingly endless cycle -- David Culver, CNN, Shanghai.
MARQUARDT: Incredible scenes there. Our thanks to David Culver in Shanghai.
Now when the wheat field turns into a battlefield: how the war in Ukraine is fueling a food crisis that will be felt around the world. That's coming up.
PAUL: Edging toward the 6 o'clock hour right now and Russia's war on Ukraine could have a devastating impact on global food security.
MARQUARDT: Yes, that's absolutely right. Developing countries are already dealing with food crisis and the war in Ukraine is turning the situation from a crisis into a catastrophe. David McKenzie reports.
DAVID MCKENZIE, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): The early starts and the intense work at the Phillips-Sakekela (ph) bakery in Lagos used to be worth it, used to be profitable.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Entirely this year, precisely around the time of the bombing of Ukraine, it has affected the supply of wheat, which has affected our primary item of our production, which is the white wheat loaf. Our flour has been very expensive. The prices are changing constantly.
MCKENZIE (voice-over): Now they can only afford to produce half of what they did. And each tin gets less dough.
This war is horrifying for Ukraine's people. It could be devastating for global food security. Russia and Ukraine are agricultural export powerhouses.
On the field of battle, farmers will struggle to plant crops. With export ports blockaded by Russian warships, it has pushed the prices even higher.
So the 10 hours Maria Maridoke (ph) spends selling bread won't be enough to feed her two children. She says customers don't have the cash anymore and often refuse to pay the going rate. And even on the fertile slopes of Mount Kenya, they are hurting.
Caroline Kimarua had to slash her workforce. The cost of fertilizer for her tea and coffee plantations has doubled in recent months.
CAROLINE KIMARUA, FARMER: You have no money to buy the fertilizer, at that high cost.
MCKENZIE (voice-over): And Russia is one of the world's biggest fertilizer producers. Sanctions and trade disruptions likely to push prices even higher.
MCKENZIE: Could this be any worse time?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The war is starting at one of the worst times. We were already thinking we are in a recovery mode. On top of that, there are already inflation pressures that were across the world. Africans are spending a lot on fuel and spending a lot on food. The need in this current moment, this is a tough time for the continent.
MCKENZIE: The impact of this conflict is coming on top of already soaring global grain prices. And if you look at this map over here, of course, countries across the world could feel the pain. But economists point to specific African countries, like Senegal, which imports more than 50 percent of its wheat from Ukraine and Russia, and Somalia, which imports more than 90 percent.
MCKENZIE (voice-over): And in Somalia, already suffering from generational drought, hundreds of thousands of children, like this 7- month old, are hollowed out by hunger and sickness.
If the rains fail again, the war in Europe could push this crisis into a catastrophe, even into famine. Aid agencies depend heavily on grain from Ukraine -- David McKenzie, CNN, London.
PAUL: David, thank you.
An up and coming pop star in Ukraine is starting a new life in the U.S. Her journey from the Odessa to the City of Brotherly Love. That's next.
PAUL: Well, millions of people have fled Ukraine amid Russia's invasion, of course. Among them is a rising pop star, Anastasiya Petryk.
MARQUARDT: She's spent most of her life performing, even competing on "Ukraine's Got Talent." And now starting over in Philadelphia. CNN's Alexandra Field has her story.
ALEXANDRA FIELD, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): Before the explosions, the sound echoing through Ukraine's port city of Odessa was music.
ANASTASIYA PETRYK, UKRAINIAN REFUGEE (through translator): Wherever you go in the center, you will see bands playing, street musicians, guitars, saxophones.
FIELD: And perhaps you would have heard the voice of Anastasiya Petryk, a 19-year-old rising star who has spent her young life performing on stages all across the country, at one point, earning a spot on "Ukraine's Got Talent."
And as a child, taking home the top prize in the 2012 Eurovision Junior Competition, the first Ukrainian to do it.
A. PETRYK: Whenever I would participate in any kind of a singing competition and shows, I would always make sure to tell everyone that I'm from Ukraine and I'm really proud of it.
FIELD: Last month, Petryk arrived here in Philadelphia after a harrowing journey out of her war-torn country. She will never forget what it was like to be under attack.
A. PETRYK: Five o'clock in the morning, that's when the first explosions pretty much woke us up. Understanding that you will have to leave came right away.
FIELD: How did you manage to get out?
What was that journey like?
Petryk and her mother managed to pack into a train, evacuating people from Odessa.
A. PETRYK: Later on, a lot of people started getting on that train. There was a lot of panic around. They were trying to open the doors of our compartment to get in there. Of course, it was very strange and scary.
FIELD: From there, they traveled into Poland, to Warsaw and finally to the U.S. where they were reunited with Anastasiya's father, Igor, who had been visiting Philadelphia when Russia invaded Ukraine.
IGOR PETRYK, ANASTASIYA'S FATHER (through translator): The worst of this story is that our parents are still there. My brother is still there.
FIELD: Today the streets of Odessa are filled with the sounds of resistance. Across the country, musicians have played on through the war, amid the wreckage.
What does it mean to you when you see these other performers and these musicians representing Ukraine in this way?
A. PETRYK, UKRAINIAN CITIZEN (through translator): I feel it's going be impossible to describe these feelings with just a mere words.
FIELD: Instead, Anastasiya is hopeful that she too will soon be able to represent what she describes as the strength and the beauty of Ukraine on stage here in the States, and one day, back home. Are you already imagining a day when you may go back there or perform there again?
PETRYK (through translator): Every day of my life.
FIELD: Alexandra Field, CNN, Philadelphia.