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One World with Zain Asher

Protesters March The Streets Of Tel Aviv To Jerusalem; The Situation Inside Gaza's Hospitals Growing Increasingly Desperate; Iceland Races For An Unprecedented Potential Volcanic Eruption; Tens Of Thousands Of People Expected To Gather For A March At The National Mall To Show Support For Israel. Aired 12-1p ET

Aired November 14, 2023 - 12:00   ET




BIANNA GOLODRYGA, CNN INTERNATIONAL HOST: Coming together. In the next hour, thousands are expected to descend on the National Mall in Washington

in support of Israel.

ZAIN ASHER, CNN INTERNATIONAL HOST: "One World" starts right now. A march in support of Israel. Soon, demonstrators will stand together in

Washington, D.C., denouncing anti-Semitism and demanding the release of hundreds of hostages.

GOLODRYGA: Also ahead, the front lines. Our team takes a journey with the Israeli army in Gaza with an earshot of fiery exchanges.

ASHER: And later, they're famous for three things. Chicken wings, losing the Super Bowl and the freezing cold. Now, this city in New York has a new

claim to fame. It's certainly not what you think.

GOLODRYGA: Hello, everyone. Live from New York, I'm Bianna Golodryga.

ASHER: And I'm Zain Asher. You are watching "One World". Ten thousand kilometers away from Tel Aviv, a mighty show of solidarity for Israel in

the U.S. Capitol. What we're going to see in a few hours from now, or rather one hour from now, is tens of thousands of people set to march in

Washington this afternoon in one of the largest pro-Israel rallies in recent memory with the message that Jews will not be intimidated.


ERIC FINGERHUT, PRESIDENT AND CEO, THE JEWISH FEDERATIONS OF NORTH AMERICA: We will stand on the National Mall in the most visible place in this

country and say America will not stand for this and our community will not stand for this.


GOLODRYGA: Today's event comes after what's been an incredibly trying several weeks for Jews across the country and the world, with a sharp rise

in anti-Semitic incidents. Then attendees are also calling for the release of more than 200 hostages taken by Hamas.

ASHER: The mothers of some of those hostages are set to address the crowd. CNN's Gabe Cohen is there. So, Gabe, America's support of Israel at this

point in time is incredibly critical. Just walk us through what you're seeing. What are people saying there?

GABE COHEN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Well, look, the crowd is still pouring into this area and we are seeing a massive crowd as you mentioned expecting tens

of thousands of people to pack into this section of the National Mall about a mile long now fenced off and it's people from all over the country. I've

met people from Ohio, Massachusetts, from Georgia, Florida, California who all wanted to come together for this event.

Organizers believe this is going to be the largest gathering of American Jewish communities in recent history. And look, those organizers, they were

very intentional with their language and the speakers they invited as they were putting this event together, really toning down the rhetoric, hoping

as they put it to create a large tent of support of unity, bringing together Jewish organizations from across the political spectrum, which

they believe that they have done.

They said there are really three points of focus for this rally. One, standing in solidarity with Israel and the Israeli people. Two, calling for

the release of hostages that are still in Gaza and three, working to combat incidents of anti-Semitism that we have seen on the rise across this

country, really across the world.

And we're likely to see that tone, that idea of unity mirrored in the list of speakers that we're going to see starting around 1 o'clock. We know that

the new House Speaker, Republican Mike Johnson, is set to speak along with the Democratic leader, Hakeem Jeffries, Democratic Senator Chuck Schumer,

Republican Senator Joni Ernst. So, really, leaders from across the political spectrum.

We will see, Zain, if the rhetoric of those speeches when they got underway match that same idea of unity. But we know also that law enforcement is

really on high alert. This is considered a level one security event, partly because of the crowd size, partly because of the high-profile speakers that

we're going to have on this stage.

We know that local law enforcement is working with federal agencies. They have set up a joint information center. The National Guard called in by

D.C.'s mayor and D.C.'s police force is fully deployed today. So, we're going to see a lot of law enforcement.

As I mentioned, this whole area is fenced in and the roads around the National Mall are basically all shut down. Police vehicles, military

vehicles, even city dump trucks are blocking those roads and the entrances to the mall trying to make sure that people are safe. One of the big

concerns is that we could military vehicles, even city dump trucks are blocking those roads and the entrances to the mall, trying to make sure

that people are safe.


One of the big concerns is that we could see counter protesters, we could see clashes between groups, although at this point there is no imminent

threat, according to law enforcement and those intelligence agencies, of any sort of threat here on the National Mall.

ASHER: All right, Gabe Cohen, live for us there. Thank you so much.

GOLODRYGA: Well, as the march is set to begin, President Biden says a deal to free the hostages is quote, "going to happen". And in Israel, the

families of some of the hostages held by Hamas are taking to the streets, marching from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem over the next several hours, all in a

call for action.


ASHER: All right, they're telling CNN that they're growing frustrated and they're demanding that the Israeli government do more to bring the

hostages, to bring their loved ones home. They're expected to arrive in Jerusalem on Saturday, where they're planning a protest outside the prime

minister's office.

TAMAR ESGAT, COUSIN OF HOSTAGE EVTATAR DAVID: We're marching to the prime minister to shout to him that we need them home now.


GOLODRYGA: CNN's Oren Liebermann is among the marchers and has this report.

OREN LIEBERMANN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: We are here at the head of the march of the families of the hostages from where they were set up for the past two

weeks or so in Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. Leading the march here, many here have spoken about their frustration, the lack of answers they're receiving,

the demand that the government do everything it can to release the hostages, some 240 still held in Gaza from the very young, the

grandparents, grandmothers and grandfathers.

The message that they are trying to send to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and the war cabinet is, do whatever it takes, make whatever deal

is necessary to bring them home as soon as possible, regardless of the deal. Their priority, not destroying Hamas, not destroying the tunnels, but

bringing the families home.

For the past two weeks or so, they have been outside the defense ministry when the war government has met, trying to make sure that the government

hears them in that way. They feel that hasn't been enough. So, now they have taken to the streets of Tel Aviv, where they will march from here to

Jerusalem over the course of the next several days.

This march, very reminiscent of a march from more than a decade ago, when the family of Gila Shalit, an Israeli soldier who was held prisoner in Gaza

for five years, decided they, too, have had enough and marched from their home in northern Israel to Tel Aviv. By the time they are -- to Jerusalem -

- by the time they arrived in Jerusalem, they had thousands with them and put a tremendous amount of pressure on Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to

make a deal to free their son.

This, the same idea, but now the family of 239 or so hostages trying to put that same sort of pressure to bring their family home. They're trying to

demand answers and this is the way they're doing it now. Oren Liebermann, CNN, on the streets of Tel Aviv.

GOLODRYGA: Our Oren Liebermann there marching with families of members of those who are being held captive and Israelis really wanting answers in

those hostages released. Well, from Tel Aviv to Gaza, in the face of growing international pressure over its war in Gaza, the IDF is offering

what it says is concrete proof that Hamas is using hospitals as hiding places.

It sent journalists this video appearing to show a man outside of Gaza's Al-Quds hospital with a rocket-propelled grenade launcher on his shoulder.

The IDF also claims that it found weapons in a room under another hospital in Gaza. Hamas has denied that its fighters hide under hospitals, as have

Gaza health officials.

ASHER: There is no question, however, the situation inside Gaza's hospitals is growing increasingly desperate. The U.N. now says there is only one

hospital, one hospital that is functioning right now in northern Gaza that is operational.

And Al-Shifa Hospital says it will bury more than 150 bodies in mass graves because there is simply nowhere to put them -- nowhere else to put them.

President Biden had this to say about the growing suffering of civilians at Gaza's hospitals.


JOE BIDEN, U.S. PRESIDENT: It is my hope and expectation that there will be less intrusive action relative to the hospital. The hospital must be



GOLODRYGA: So, let's go to CNN's Nada Bashir. She's tracking all the developments on the ground. So, Nada, on the one hand, we have the

President saying that hospitals must be protected, but you also have reporting from CNN that U.S. intelligence confirms with what the IDF says

that they do believe that Hamas is hiding under the hospital, at least at Al-Shifa. So, how are you hearing those hospital officials respond to this?

NADA BASHIR, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Look, we long heard those claims from the IDF that there is, as has been described, a command and control center

operated by Hamas beneath the Al-Shifa hospital.


This has now been echoed by a U.S. official with knowledge of U.S. intelligence. But as we understand it, both Hamas and doctors on the

ground, including medical officials within Al-Shifa, have denied the presence of Hamas -- presence inside Al-Shifa hospital.

And of course, there is a huge amount of concern that while the IDF, while the Israeli military, continues to say it is targeting Hamas positions,

Hamas infrastructure within and across the Gaza Strip, we are seeing a mounting civilian death toll. Of course, the IDF claims that Hamas has

embedded itself within civilian infrastructure.

The fear is, of course, that as we continue to see these airstrikes intensify, as we continue to see ground fighting between the IDF and Hamas

intensifying, we will see more civilians being caught up in this fighting, losing their lives, being killed as a result.

Now, of course the situation inside the Al-Shifa Hospital has been deteriorating for some time now. As you mentioned, only one hospital in

northern Gaza, of about 30 in the region, is now operational. That means that many patients requiring life-saving support and urgent care are

showing up to these hospitals and not being able to receive the care they need. Doctors are saying that patients are dying because they cannot take

them in.

As we know, many hospitals have lost electricity, have lost power as a result of the ongoing siege on fuel. There is a shortage in medication, in

crucial essential supplies and, of course, as well as a shortage of food and water for all civilians, not just the patients and medical staff inside

these hospitals.

Now of course, Al-Shifa is a huge concern because it is the largest hospital in northern Gaza. And we have seen a bombardment edging closer and

closer to the Al-Shifa complex. And as we know, there are thousands of civilians who are surrounding Al-Shifa, hoping to take shelter there

despite the ongoing bombardment.

GOLODRYGA: All right, Nada Bashir, thank you so much.

ASHER: All right, as we mentioned ahead of his trip to San Francisco for the APEC summit, President Biden said that a deal to free the hostages held

by Hamas since October 7th is going to happen -- that a deal to free the hostages is going to happen. That's what President Biden just said moments


MJ Lee joins us from San Francisco. So, MJ, did the President offer any more detail about what a potential deal may look like? And of course,

timing. Did he get give any information about timing here?

MJ LEE, CNN SENIOR WHITE HOUSE CORRESPONDENT: Yeah, not a lot of details from President Biden, who did express this sense of optimism before he left

for San Francisco, which is where we are right now for his summit with Xi Jinping. He said, I believe it's going to happen. He has, of course,

previously expressed this kind of optimism before, saying that he's an eternal optimist and that he believes that the hostages will eventually get


But what makes his comments notable is that in the course of our reporting, we had one senior U.S. official who told us earlier today that Israel and

Hamas are moving closer to reaching a deal on the freeing of the hostages. They said, with a note of caution, however, that it's closer, but it's not

done, essentially saying that closer is not the same as close.

But just to give you a sense of what the broad parameters of a potential deal we are talking about here, is that we are talking about a large group

of hostages being exchanged for a number of Palestinian prisoners who are being held by Israel and that all of this would take place while there is a

sustained pause in fighting. We were told as long as five days. A lot of these details are still being worked out.

But, again, just to give you another sense of just how fraught these negotiations have been, we were told by one source that Israel had at one

point asked for 100 hostages to be released. And then we heard from Hamas' military wing that they are potentially discussing 70 women and children

being released.

And what one Israeli official said was that Hamas is essentially pushing to release as few hostages as possible for the longest possible ceasefire. So

again, these negotiations are very much ongoing.

We have heard from various sources who are involved in these negotiations, familiar with these talks, say in the past that they have been closed

before, but no deal has been reached. And as far as U.S. officials are concerned, they are going, they are not going to be fully relieved until

they really see those hostages physically get out of Gaza. Of course, they very much care about the American hostages that are in that mix.

ASHER: Yeah, and as you point out, President Biden has expressed optimism in the past. So, we'll be watching closely. MJ Lee, live for us there.

Thank you so much.

GOLODRYGA: Well, coming up for us, call it perhaps a case of Democrats coming to the rescue. They've done it before. U.S. House Speaker Mike

Johnson needs their help to keep the government up and running as the countdown to Friday's shutdown looms.


ASHER: Plus, video you will not want to miss. Trust me, CNN's Nic Robertson on the ground in Gaza with Israeli forces will bring you his full report

from the combat zone next.


NIC ROBERTSON, CNN SENIOR INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: You can hear the small arms fire. The IDF say they're still clearing this area out. They're

getting down here to take a bit of cover because they say we're still taking fire.



ASHER: All right, the big focus right now on Gaza is of course on the hospitals there, which appear to be reaching the point of no return as

intense fighting continues nearby.

GOLODRYGA: Our Nic Robertson was able to get into Gaza recently and was taken by the Israeli army to a hospital. He was escorted by the Israel

Defense Forces at all times. But CNN did not submit its script or footage to the IDF and has retained editorial control over Nic's final report. And

here it is.


ROBERTSON (voice-over): Driving into Gaza with the Israeli forces. It's a war zone. The conditions of our access only show officers, no faces of

soldiers and don't show sensitive equipment. We are passing mile after mile of destruction. Buildings blown, collapsed, nothing untouched by the fury

of Israel's hunt for Hamas. Streets here crushed back to sand.

ROBERTSON: Shops, everything that we see, no sign of any civilians here.

ROBERTSON (voice-over): A few miles in, we pull up at a command post. Soldiers living in blown apartment buildings.

ROBERTSON: Hard to imagine how civilians endured the bombardment here.

ROBERTSON (voice-over): Our next journey much deeper into Gaza. We arrive 100 meters from a battle with Hamas. Tanks blasting targets in nearby

buildings. The IDF's top spokesperson waiting for us.

DANIEL HAGARI, REAR ADMIRAL, ISRAEL DEFENSE FORCES SPOKESPERSON: We are now conducting an operation inside Gaza, next to a PC hospital.

ROBERTSON (voice-over): Israel is facing massive international pressure over the destruction of homes, the shockingly high civilian death toll, and

in the last few days, over its apparently heavy-handed tactics at hospitals.

HAGARI: We are searching the tunnel with the bulldozers to reveal the tunnels that we suspect that are underneath the hospital.


ROBERTSON (voice-over): Hagari has brought us here to show the connection he says exists between Hamas and the Rentesi Children's Hospital.

HAGARI: We are now here in an area between a hospital, a school and a terrorist house.

ROBERTSON (voice-over): A Hamas commander he says lived there. He points out the solar panels on the roof.

HAGARI: This is a tunnel that was slided like this -- the floor. You can see here.

ROBERTSON: This is the ladder going down.

HAGARI: You see the ladder going down.

ROBERTSON: I see the ladder going down.

HAGARI: Okay, this is a 20-meter tunnel. And look at here. Look at the -- look at the tunnel. Be careful here. But look down here. The cables are

going down to the tunnel, okay?

ROBERTSON: So, they're hardwired into the tunnel.

HAGARI: For what I wanted to show you, the solar panels on the terrorist house provide electricity directly to the tunnel.

ROBERTSON: We're in what is an active fire zone here. You can hear the small arms fire. The IDF say they're still clearing this area out. We're

getting down here, just taking a bit of cover because they say we're still taking fire. But over here, we were able to smell -- what smelled like

rotting flesh, bodies perhaps buried underneath the rubble.

ROBERTSON (voice-over): Hagari later tells us he took a big risk, bringing us into such a combat zone. It is clear he wants this story told. As we

finally reach the hospital, it is already getting dark. A huge hole has been blasted through the walls into the basement.

ROBERTSON: Why is the hospital so damaged? We're talking, why is the hospital so damaged?

HAGARI: I'll explain. You have to pull the question. We came to this hospital five days ago. There were still patients inside the hospital. We

did not enter into the hospital.

ROBERTSON (voice-over): He claims since then all patients were evacuated by hospital staff.

HAGARI: We assist this evacuation, of course, to make it a safe pass for all the patients in the hospital. We do not know that the hospital is

entirely clean. We do not know. We only entered to this area which was suspected because we were being fired.

ROBERTSON (voice-over): Hagari leads us through a warren of basement corridors to this room.

HAGARI: This was the armory, okay?

ROBERTSON: This was the Hamas armory.


ROBERTSON (voice-over): He shows us a few rusting guns and some explosives. These guns alone have potentially huge implications for Gaza's hospitals

and Israel's apparent push to take control of them.

ROBERTSON: The International Committee for the Red Cross say that hospitals are given special protection under International Humanitarian Law in a time

of war. But if militants store weapons there or use them as a base of fire, then that protection falls away.

ROBERTSON (voice-over): In other rooms, he shows us a motorbike with a bullet hole in it that he suspects was used by Hamas attackers, October

7th. And nearby, possible evidence hostages could have been held here.

HAGARI: We are now in the basement in the same area, yards from the motorcycle. We see our chair. We see a rope. We see a woman's clothes or

woman's something covering woman. She think a woman was tied up in this chair. This is an assumption, going to be checked by DNA.

ROBERTSON (voice-over): More evidence, Hagari says, points towards Hamas and possible hostage presence below the hospital.

ROBERTSON: And by bringing us here to this hospital and showing us the connection that you believe exists between the terrorists and the possibly

hostages, what does it say about the other hospitals here in Gaza?

HAGARI: Cynically, the Shifa hospital is known by facts, by intelligence, to be a terrorist hub. And also, it's suspicious also in holding hostages.

This is the best shelter for the terror war machine of Hamas.

ROBERTSON: But the hospital authorities said they have no knowledge of Hamas or other groups inside the hospitals. Is that possible?

HAGARI: I think it's not possible for a hospital to have this kind of an infrastructure. We knew the terrorists were here. We knew.

ROBERTSON: How did you know?

HAGARI: We knew by intelligence and also we got some fire from this area.

ROBERTSON: From this area?

HAGARI: From this area and we were right to fire because we found an armory.

ROBERTSON: But so much damage all around here.

HAGARI: Yeah, there is damage all around here because Hamas made it impossible for us to fight him. He built all this infrastructure in tunnels

and in hospital, around areas populated.

ROBERTSON (voice-over): As we exit the hospital, it is already dark.

ROBERTSON: We're just getting ready to leave right now. The firefight's still going on, still intense. bullets fired, explosions going on up the

street there. ROBERTSON (voice-over): This war and the controversies surrounding it, far

from resolved.


GOLODRYGA: And Nic Robertson joins us now from Sderot, Israel.


Nic, just phenomenal reporting and incredible access there. We saw you, as you noted, standing just feet away from a live firefight. You also say in

the piece that Admiral Hagari knew the incredible risks that they took by bringing you along but said it was important for him to tell this story

through you. Why exactly?

ROBERTSON (on-camera): I think there are several reasons. One is that the army feels under pressure, if you will, to prove that they are correct in

their assumptions and narrative about the Hamas using hospitals and connecting them with tunnels to other parts of operations in Gaza. They

feel that's important because it sets out the case for what they're doing, their actions around many of the other hospitals in Gaza.

Shifa Hospital is a prime example where the IDF claim, as you heard there, that there are Hamas operations in the basement under there. They are

present very close to the hospital. It seems very clear they want to take control of the hospital so they can either, well, so that they can, number

one, go after Hamas, and, number two, if there are hostages there, then get closer to recovering the hostages. These are their two stated aims.

They know they're under huge international pressure. There's a real sense from the military that perhaps their politicians don't understand how slow

it is on the ground to actually prosecute a battle like this against Hamas. And they recognize that without convincing the international community that

their evidence is sound and their claims are sound and solid, then the International Community is most likely going to call time on them. And

that, therefore, would stop them defeating Hamas, and that therefore would be, in their eyes, a victory for Hamas.

In the eyes of many people in Israel, it would leave them feeling uncertain about their own security. The international pressure speaks to the issue of

the vast number of civilian casualties inside of Gaza. And that, of course, is the big pressure that's weighing on the politicians and the military

here. So, it's important for them to make and state this case and have the world believe it.

GOLODRYGA: Just chilling for him to show you up close what they believe is evidence of perhaps where some of these hostages had been held underneath

the hospital, but also important questions you asked about the level of destruction that you document as well throughout all of this. Nic

Robertson, thank you, as always, for your incredible reporting. We appreciate it.

ASHER: All right. Still to come, Mike Johnson's big test. Let's see how he does. The newly elected House Speaker is trying to keep the U.S. government

open and also at the same time manage the rebels in his own party. Can he do both?


MIKE JOHNSON (R), HOUSE SPEAKER: I've been at the job less than three weeks, right? I can't change -- I can't turn an aircraft carrier overnight.




ASHER: Welcome back to "One World". I'm Zain Asher.

GOLODRYGA: And I'm Bianna Golodryga. In an ongoing battle to curb climate change, a new report is sharing a grim outlook for the United States. The

fifth national climate assessment says the effects of a rapidly warming climate are being felt in every corner of the U.S. and sadly will only get


ASHER: The report also points out that planet warming pollution in the U.S. is decreasing, so there's good news there, but not fast enough. And with

that, President Biden announced $6 billion in new climate funding saying the crisis really does need to be taken seriously.


JOE BIDEN, U.S. PRESIDENT: We've come to the point where it's foolish for anyone to deny the impacts of climate change anymore. But it's simply a

simple fact that there are a number of my colleagues on the other side of the aisle, MAGA Republican leaders who still deny climate change --still

deny that it's a problem.

My predecessors, much of the MAGA Republican party, in fact, are still feel very strongly about that. Anyone who willfully denies the impact of climate

change is condemning the American people to a very dangerous future.


GOLODRYGA: As much as the U.S. dealt with some sort of climate crisis this past year, whether it be record heat, extreme storms, or even flooding,

however, one town is calling itself a climate refuge city. CNN's Chief Climate Correspondent Bill Weir tells us why Buffalo, New York, the city

synonymous with snowstorms and Wolf Blitzer is the new climate haven. I had to get it in.


BILL WEIR, CNN CHIEF CLIMATE CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): There's an old joke that tells us there are only two seasons in Buffalo. Winter and the

4th of July. But in the age of global warming, the city wants you to know that now their weather is going from punchline to lifeline. Thanks to its

Goldilocks location amid the Great Lakes, Buffalo has never reached 100 degrees.

STEPHEN VERMETTE, PROFESSOR AND CLIMATE SCIENTIST, BUFFALO STATE UNIVERSITY: You get, you know, on average about three days in the summer

get to be 90 degrees or higher. I mean, if you're in Phoenix, you're looking at that and saying, what the heck are you calling that a heat wave?

WEIR (voice-over): And when Professor Stephen Vermette did a deep dive of the records, the Buffalo State climatologist was shocked to find no

increase in droughts or floods.

WEIR: There was this epic snowstorm last winter.


WEIR: Really deadly and destructive. It's blizzard of '22. But that's not an indication that those are going to get worse?

VERMETTE: No, because we had the blizzard of '77. The blizzard of '85, '81, blizzard of '36. I'm not saying that our severe weather's going to

disappear. It's still there.

WEIR: Yeah.

VERMETTE: In fact, snow amounts have remained steady in all of this. It doesn't seem to be getting worse. And that's the key here. We're still

going to have severe weather, like the wind and everything else. WEIR: Right, right.

VERMETTE: But it's not going to get worse.

WEIR: I got to say it's pretty ironic and telling about the world we now live in that a place sort of associated with cold jokes --


WEIR: And Super Bowl losses could be a huge winner relative on a hotter planet.

VERMETTE: That's, you know, that's the way we look at it, as well. There was a professor from Harvard that was talking about the effects of climate

change and listed some cities that would be considered climate refugees in the future and Buffalo was one of the cities on the list and so we just

leaned into it.


We are going to not only call ourselves a climate refuge city but do the kinds of things that are required to be welcoming with migration, with new

Americans coming here, with seeing the first population growth in the city since the 1950 census.

WEIR (voice-over): After Hurricane Maria, 3000 Puerto Ricans became permanent Buffalonians.

ANTHONY MATTEI, TEACHER'S AIDE: It was hard. When the hurricanes start, what we do, we move from the second floor, we move to the first floor.

Including Anthony Mattei, who is now a teacher's assistant.

MATTEI: I remember when I moved here, people told me, oh, you know where you're going? Because in Puerto Rico, it's always warm. It's hot. And I

said, no, and I moved here like in winter. But I like it. It's good.

WEIR: Did you consider other spots or what was it about this place that appealed to you the most?

HOLLY JEAN BUCK, ASSISTANT PROFESSOR, UNIVERSITY OF BUFFALO: The Great Lakes, the fresh water, the projections of climate change look like Buffalo

might have a climate more like New York, Philadelphia towards the end of the century.

WEIR (voice-over): Wildfire smoke helped drive Holly Jean Buck and her family out of Southern California. And as a climate scientist, she says she

was welcomed with open arms and employment.

BUCK: But really the energy of the people in forward thinking, in Western New York and New York State about what opportunities there might be in

clean energy and clean tech and how to build, you know, those solutions in ways that are good for communities.

WEIR: So, it's not just the latitude, it's the attitude.

BUCK: Yeah, exactly.

WEIR: All right, and the welcoming spirit of a place, I suppose.

BUCK: "The City of Good Neighbors", they call it.

WEIR: Oh, nice. And you found that to be the case?

BUCK: I have, totally.

WEIR: Yeah?

BUCK: Yeah.

WEIR: As she alluded, fresh water is a huge selling point. And there's about 20 percent of the world's fresh water in the Great Lakes. The Niagara

River, also the source of clean, abundant hydropower. One of the other climate havens in that Harvard study of a few years back, Duluth,

Minnesota. As the belly of the planet seems to be stuck on broil, or baste, or roast settings, Bianna, Zain, a lot of people think it might be better

to live life on defrost.


GOLODRYGA: I don't know, he sold that city pretty well.

ASHER: Yes, he did. All right. Iceland is racing for an unprecedented potential volcanic eruption.

GOLODRYGA: Yeah, the country declaring a state of emergency as the town of Grydivik has been ordered to evacuate. Authorities say they're preparing to

build a protective trench around a power plant near the small coastal town. The power plant provides heat and electricity for 30,000 people. We'll be

right back.



ASHER: All right, as Friday's U.S. government shut down deadline inches closer, newly installed House Speaker Mike Johnson -- he is going to face

his first major test in just a few hours from now. That's because there's going to be a vote on his plan to keep the government up and running.

That's expected in a few hours, again, on Capitol Hill, without key support from his own party.

This means Johnson will be forced to reach out to Democrats for votes, an unprecedented political development although Johnson does not believe it's

actually going to endanger his speakership like it did for Kevin McCarthy.


JOHNSON: I think we'll get it done. Look, Washington is broken. The appropriations process has not worked the way it's supposed to for decades.

I've been on the job for less than three weeks, but we're trying to fix it.

BRIAN KILMEADE, "FOX AND FRIENDS" CO-HOST: Are you concerned you're going to lose your job if this passes?

JOHNSON: I'm not, Brian. We're doing something very different here. By breaking it up and doing the latter CR, we have a different process.


GOLODRYGA: Well, if it gets through the House, the funding measure is expected to pass in the Senate, as well. That would avert an embarrassing

government shutdown this weekend that would have left many government workers without a paycheck before the Thanksgiving holiday.

Democratic Senator Chris Coons, who has argued that a government shutdown would damage America's global standing, joins us from Capitol Hill.

Senator, it's good to see you. So, Speaker Johnson's two-step or ladder plan, however you want to call it, would extend government funding at

current levels for some federal agencies until mid-January, for others until February.

Now, the assumption all along through this process that attached to these spending bills would be that the funding that the White House has asking

for Ukraine, for Taiwan, and for Israel. That is not the case it appears. So, where does that leave Democrats in terms of getting funded -- funding

that is very much needed for U.S. allies right now?

CHRIS COONS, U.S. SENATE DEMOCRAT: That leaves us very concerned that we need a path forward in the Senate for taking up and passing President

Biden's urgent supplemental. A supplemental that, as you said, would fund Israel, would fund humanitarian aid, would fund Ukraine and their ongoing

war against Russian brutality, and would support border security. It's a package that deserves strong bipartisan support in the Senate and needs to

be taken up in past.

If we move ahead with the so-called clean continuing resolution that Speaker Johnson may send over to us, I'm looking for commitments from our

leadership. And we just had a very positive meeting to this extent that we would take up and discuss and hopefully pass that supplemental as soon as

the Senate comes back from Thanksgiving.

ASHER: Senator, Zain, here. Good to see you, as well. So, I do want to talk about the U.S. policy regarding Israel because, of course, the U.S. has

made it abundantly clear time and time again that the U.S. stands shoulder to shoulder with Israel but it does have a lot of concern over the number

of Palestinian lives that have been lost in such a short space of time and we're talking about over 11,000 right now.

The U.S. has repeatedly cautioned Israel to exercise restraint. Are the Israelis listening? And how much power do the Americans have over how

Israel goes about conducting this war?

COONS: Well, first, Israel does deserve to be able to defend itself against Hamas. There needs to be some careful precision here about whether the

folks who are expressing concern about civilian casualties in Gaza are expressing concern on behalf of innocent Palestinian civilians, which is

how I choose to hear it and hope to hear it expressed, or whether they're actually siding with Hamas.

There has been some very sloppy, irresponsible rhetoric around the world about this. And it's important to separate the horror of Hamas terrorism.

Hamas does not stand for the Palestinian people. Hamas has demonstrated that they are using the Palestinian people as human shields.

And their despicable conduct in taking and holding hostage hundreds of people from nine-month-old babies to 85-year-old grandmothers is something

that deserves global condemnation. I'm glad to be a part of the bipartisan group here in the Senate that is working relentlessly to press for release

of the hostages.

But the United States, and in particular our leader, President Biden, has weighed in repeatedly and directly with Israeli leaders about following the

rules of war, about targeting their war against Hamas, at minimizing civilian casualties.


As you know, I recently joined a bipartisan delegation that went to Israel and delivered that same message on a bipartisan basis to the most senior

leaders of the Israeli military and their elected government.

ASHER: Do you actually believe, I mean, based on everything you've seen out of Gaza, do you actually believe that the Israelis are doing their utmost

to minimize civilian casualties? And also, with the U.S. sort of aligning itself so closely with the Israelis, are you concerned about alienating

America's Arab partners?

COONS: Look, the global South, broadly, is not in the same place that the United States is, and that is a real concern of mine. But frankly, we have

given advice, input, encouragement, even direction to our partners in Israel about how they conduct this war. Some of the most important input

we've given is from American military leaders who were a part of the campaigns that we conducted in Iraq and Afghanistan and shared some of the

painful lessons that we learned.

There are choices that have to be made in the conduct of a war, and Israel is facing a particularly challenging scenario. Hamas does have tunnels and

command centers underneath hospitals that makes it very difficult to carry out a military action against Hamas without putting at risk civilians.

And I do think you'll see that the path forward is going to include humanitarian pauses, pathways for civilians to escape from northern Gaza,

and hopefully, a path forward for the release of hostages of Hamas, which will require a several-day pause to fighting.

GOLODRYGA: Senator, let me ask you about the very important upcoming meeting tomorrow between President Biden and President Xi of China in San

Francisco. A lot on the agenda to discuss. I know as it relates to the war, the Israel-Gaza war there with Hamas, that the President is expected to

press Xi on not getting Iran involved in this conflict, given their ties between the two countries.

But in addition to that, I'm just wondering, what deliverables is this administration hoping to extract from this meeting? Is it perhaps a

resumption of military communications between these two countries? China agreeing to curb the import of fentanyl. What is it that you would walk

away from saying that was a successful meeting?

COONS: Well, to your point, China agreeing to block the export of the fentanyl precursors, the majority of which are coming from China, either

indirectly through Mexico, India, the United or directly into the United States.

The nationwide scourge of fentanyl is killing tens of thousands of Americans. Every community, every level of our society, everywhere is

seeing horrific overdose deaths from fentanyl. This is a synthetic drug that can be stopped, and I'm very optimistic there will be progress on


On my last trip to China, now several years ago, Senator Hassan and I raised our concerns about fentanyl and the Chinese manufacturing of

fentanyl precursors over and over. I also think, there have been a number of dangerous incidents recently where Chinese jet fighters, Chinese ships

have come remarkably close to ramming American ships and American aircraft. We need to re-open our lines of communication to avoid an unintentional


And last, there are shared concerns about artificial intelligence that I expect will be discussed. Our president will be clear about ways in which

we strongly disagree with PRC conduct domestically within their own country and how they are stripping human rights and oppressing their own people but

also in the region, how increasingly assertive, even aggressive they've been. And I expect this is going to be a forceful and direct conversation.

No world leader, no American leader, has spent as much time with Xi Jinping as President Biden. Over decades, they've spent tens and dozens of hours

together. This is an important one-on-one meeting. It's the result of our steadily stepping up our pressure on the PRC, and it's an important opening

for us to resume military-to-military communications and to address China's horrible export of fentanyl precursors into the United States.

ASHER: And hopefully a thaw in the relations between the two countries will be covering that meeting when it happens. Senator Chris Coons, live for us

there. Thank you so much.

GOLODRYGA: Thank you.

COONS: Thank you.

GOLODRYGA: Still to come for us, tens of thousands gathering in Washington for a show of solidarity for Israel in just a few minutes. Why officials

put security at the highest level.



ASHER: All right, a massive show of support for Israel getting underway in Washington, D.C., any moment now. In fact, it's set to start in about 10

minutes or so. Tens of thousands of people are expected to gather for a march at the National Mall.

GOLODRYGA: Yeah, Jewish community leaders and celebrities, as well as the family members of some of the hostages held by Hamas, are set to speak at

the event, which comes amid an unprecedented surge in anti-Semitic incidents in the U.S. and around the globe.

CNN's Gabe Cohen is among those in the crowd. Gabe, less than 10 minutes away from the start of this event, talk about what you're seeing and really

the coming together of Jews and Jewish leaders and family members of those hostages being held, coming in from around the world, around the country,

to send a United message.

COHEN: Bianna, that's right. Right now, I'm looking at a sea of people facing the stage behind me, expecting tens of thousands of people as this

gets underway to be packed into this large section of the National Mall, about a mile long, all fenced off at this point. Organizers think this is

going to be the largest gathering of American Jewish communities in recent history, and they may just have that based on the crowds that we are


And look, they were -- organizers were really intentional in the language and the speakers that they scheduled as they were putting this together,

really trying to create that big tent of unity and support Jewish organizations across the political spectrum, bringing together right-wing

and left-wing Jews to be part of this show of solidarity.

They said there are three key focuses of this rally. One, showing solidarity with Israel and the Israeli people. Two, combating anti-Semitism

here in the U.S. and across the world that we have seen in recent weeks, and three, calling for the release of the Israeli hostages still in Gaza.

And just a few minutes ago, I was out in that crowd talking to people from across the country, and I met a young woman who said that she went to high

school with Omer Nutra, a Long Island native and Israeli soldier now being held in Gaza, and she spoke about growing up with him and why she's here

today. Take a listen.


UNKNOWN: We went to high school together and we are very good friends. He is an incredible guy. Everyone loves him. He's funny, he's kind,

charismatic. He's a natural born leader and everyone's really being impacted really heavily by this. I wanted to show my support for Israel.

I'm a proud Zionist, a proud Jew and I wanted to be here to support my community.


COHEN: And, Bianna, we are expecting that message of unity to continue as these speeches get underway at 1 o'clock with Democrat and Republican

leaders scheduled to speak.


GOLODRYGA: All right, you'll be following it for us. Gabe Cohen, thank you.

ASHER: All right, before we leave, we do have some really heartbreaking news to share. Seventy-four year-old Vivian Silver, you'll remember her,

she's an Israeli-Canadian peace activist, is believed to have been killed in the October 7th attacks in Israel. She had been living in a kibbutz near

the Gaza border that was attacked by Hamas that day.

And there were initially reports that she had been taken hostage, that she had been kidnapped. But a peace group that she was involved in now says it

has been confirmed that she was indeed murdered.

GOLODRYGA: This is just devastating news. We spoke to Vivian's son last month about her truly inspiring legacy of helping to improve Arab-Israeli



CHEN ZEIGEN, VIVIAN SILVER'S SON: She devoted her life to women's equality, women's rights. Social equality for Arabs living in Israel. A peaceful

solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.


GOLODRYGA: Our thoughts are with Vivian's family.

ASHER: We're sending them so much love.

GOLODRYGA: That does it for this edition of one hour of "One World". I'm Bianna Golodryga.

ASHER: And I'm Zain Asher. Thank you so much for watching. Amanpour is up next.